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1) Everybody's poultry magazine, vol. 37 

2) Everybody's poultry magazine, vol. 38 

3) Everybody's poultry magazine, vol. 39 

Title: Everybody's poultry magazine, vol. 37 

Place of Publication: Hanover, Pa. 

Copyright Date: 1932 

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Volume 37 









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/ .iliiJ 



Resolved: Better Pullets for 1932— Lewis 

V. 3 7-3^ 


Real Money 

in Poultry 


Baby Chicks are 




FITL-O-PEP feeds hiiiid substance, 
flesh, bone and health in chiekT^ 

Raising poultry is no lonper u matter of puess- 
work. Now we know it's what feeds you put into 
your Baby Chicks that larpely determines yourprofil. 

Quaker Ful-O-Pep Chick Starter fed to chicks 
right from the beginning, and for the first six 
weeks, will make them develop the physical qual- 
ities that are most desirable, the foundations for 
deep-bodied, full-breasted meat birds, and stur- 
dy, willing layers. 

Quaker Ful-O-Pep Chick Starter has as a base 
pure oatmeal. This is combined with cod liver 
meal, cod liver oil, molasses, essential proteins, 
dried buttermilk, skim milk and selected grains, 
forming a complete balanced ration. It is easily 
and quickly assimilated and builds the chick. 
After the first six weeks it will profit you to put 
chicks on Ful-O-Pep Growing Mash. 

You can't make your dollars multiply as quickly 
any other way. See your Quaker Dealer now. 







VOL. 37 ' NO. 1 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine 

Issued the first of each month by Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
Publishing Company, Inc., Hanover, Pennsylvania 

in this issue 

Our Cover ^ 

Louis Paul Graham 

Resolved : Better Pullets for 1932 ! 7 

WiLLARD C. Thompson 

The Popularity of the White ^linorca 8 

John H. Robinson 

The Hatchery Room Is Tm])ortant 9 

D. Q. (Jrabill 

The F'irst Day in a Chicken's Life 10 

C. T. Williams 

Making the Most of ITijrh Record Hens 11 

Harry R. Lewis 

Everybodys News Pictorial 12-13 

The Selection of Epgs for Intubation 14 

Wiu-ARD C. Thompson 

Elementary Rules in Poultry Breeding 16 

John H. Robinson 

Oats — The Dual Purpose Grain 18 

John H. Robinson 

Editorial 20 

January in Poultry History 22 

Your Poultry Partner 24 

Women in the Home and on the Farm 30 

Aunt Sallt 

A Worth While Innovation 40 

H. T. James 

Chicago Coliseum Poultry Show 44 

Jas. T. Huston 

Everybodys Turkey Department 52 

Sara RtiTZ 

Index to Ouaranteed Advrrtittcrs on papf 4 
. — — - X ♦ A — — — 

C. N. Myers, Prcxidcni 
Jas. T. Huston. Mng. Editor John H. Robinson. Editor 
R. B. Ali-eman, Secy.-TrcQK. Harky R. Lewis, 4*»o. Editor 


Jas. T. Huston. Jb. Louis Paul Oraham Saba Reitz 
Willard C. Thompson D. Q. Gbabill A. W. Carpenter 
^ — 

Western Advertising Reftn scntaiive 

H. C. Wheeler. 400 North Michipm Avenue. Chkago, HI. 

Eastern Adrertii>ini} R< ureKentatii-e 

A. H. BiLLiNOSLEA. 101 Park Avenue. New York City 

Entered at the Post Office at Hanover. Pa. 
April Ist, 1915. ai Second ClasE Matter 

The Publisher's Corner 

• A fine resolution for the new 
year would be "I will raise a better 
flock of pullets for 1932." We 
suggest you read the article begin- 
ning on page 7 of this issue. Such 
a resolution if made and carried 
out will result in both profit and 

• The man or woman looking for 
the cheapest chicks they can buy 
are defeated before they start on 
their season's poultry enterprise. 
Do not expect to purchase chicks 
intended for a foundation flock, or 
that you intend to raise to profit- 
able laying maturity, at prices of 
broiler chicks. 

• There are always a few in every 
line of business who do wait for 
opportunity to repeatedly knock at 
the door. In every community you 
will find business leaders who in 
times of depression have kept their 
heads up and by profiting through 
the fears of the timid are seeing a 
year, two years, ten years ahead. 

• With America's consumption of 
eggs and poultry meat running in 
dollars and cents considerably 
more than a billion dollars annual- 
ly, the far sighted poultryman has 
a sound future to bank on. In the 
long run poultry farmers know 
this, and it is why the business of 
poultry culture is the safest of all 
agricultural pursuits. 

• Perhaps when you are reading 
this the New Year has already been 
ushered in, at any rate you will 
soon have opened a new calendar. 
Another year dawns. Meet it con- 
fident that the poultry industry 
perhaps holds out more opportun- 
ities today than ever before to 
those in the poultry business who 
are keen to the growing demand 
for better poultry products. 

• Happy New Year! — and by the 
way if you are not a member of 
Everybodys family, send in appli- 
cation for membership which you 
will find on inside back cover. 

J. T. H. 



Subscription Prices 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
is 4 years for $1.00; to new 
subscribers or trial, two years 
for 50c, and one year for 25c; 
to subscribers in Hanover and 
foreign countries two years for 
one dollar; to Canada one year 
for one dollar. 

Change of Address 

If you change your address 
during the term of your sub- 
scription notify us at once, giv- 
ing your old as well as your 
new address and also the sub- 
scription number which appears 
on the wrapper of each copy 
-mailed to you. If possible tear 
the address off the wrapper and 
mark the change thereon. 

Address all communications 
and make all checks payable to 
Everybodys Poultry Magazine, 
Exchange Place, Hanover, Pa. 


Always state whether your 
subscription is a new one or a 
renewal, renew by the same 
name and initials as address on 
paper or else explain why you 

Advertising Rates 

will be furnished on request 
with full and complete informa- 
tion pertaining to distribution 
of circulation. 

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Our Cover 

This month we show the Single 
Comb White Minorca — a very fine 
layer of large white eggs which 
appears to be returning to popular 

The history of the White Mi- 
norca emerges from that of the 
S. C. Black Minorca which has 
been known to English fanciers 
for more than a. century. It was 
first introduced into England from 
the island of Minorca in the 
Mediterranean and then known as 
Red Faced Spanish. 

When first introduced into 
America they were about the size 
of Leghorns with huge combs and 
wattles out of proportion to the 
size of the fowl. Today the 
Minorca's size and body have been 
built up to more symmetrical 
proportion to its large comb and 

Early travelers in the Island of 
Minorca reported white and other 
colored fowls as well as the origi- 
nal Black Minorcas existing in 
their native land. However Amer- 
ican and English breeding records 
appear to establish that our White 
Minorcas have been develo]>ed 
from white sports from the Black 
variety. The first Single Comb 
"\Miite Minorcas that were bred in 
America originated in the central 
part of New York. 

They appeared in England 
about the same time and both 
originations have been carefully 
developed for size and conformity 
and for quantity and size of egga 
produced. The White Minorca has 
been used extensively to grade up 
the size of English Leghorns. This 
is particularly apparent in the 
large combs, white skin and legs 
of English (and some American) 

Today's Single Comb White 
Minorcas compare favorably with 
its big black brothers and sisters 
in size, shape comb, lobes and 
wattles and number and size of 
eggs laid. This last is an import 
ant factor to poultrymen produc 
ing eggs for a fancy trade and 
assures top prices for the produc- 
tion. White Minorca hens, too. 
have a sizeable, saleable carcass 
to offer as dressed poultry after 
thev have run out their term of 
service as egg producers. 



OUR GUARANTEE: To prove our 
faith in the honesty of our »dver- 
tisers, we guarantee actual subacribejri 
against loss due to frauludent mis- 
representation by any of the following 
firms or individuals whose ads appear 
in Everybodys Poultry Magazine. All 
we ask is that you mention Everybodys 
Poultry Magazine when answering 
advertisements, that you order during 
the month in which the ad appears 
and that you inform us within 30 days 
of any loss due to fraudulent mis- 
representation of the advertiser, giv- 
ing full particulars. We cannot, how- 
ever, adjust losses due to faulty man- 
agement by the purchaser or guarantee 
the accounts of honest bankrupts. 

Allen Co.. W. F 31 

Ahimlnum Marker Works 49 

American Mu!ihr»m Industrie* 49 

Amdt. Milton H 24 

American Seed Co 31 

Beck's Hatcherr *0 

Bird Bros 40. 52 

rtloomer Bros. Co. .^. 37 

Brown Fence & Wire Co. ^ U 

Burrell-DuKCer Co 31 

Brower Mfg. Co 31 

Baiitama Down To Data 36 

Beck. B. L 24 

Bupkeye Incubator Oo IS 

Booth Minorca Farms 17 

Burx>ee, W. Atlee, Oo. 31 

Berry's Poultry Farm 31 

Buffalo Incubator Co. 31 

Boeth Farms 33 

BaUery (troodlnc 4< 

Carpenter Co., W. J 43 

Conkey Co.. O. B. 23 

Crown Iron Works Oo 36 

Dlokalman Utg. Ca 41 

E^toB Lecbom Farm 92 

rerrla. 0«o. B IB. M. St, 49 

Foreman Poultry Farm 33 

Fishing Creek Poultry Fara S* 

Oelden Rule Hatdiery 19 

Hall Brother! 41 

Hauck Mfg. Co 24 

Hotel P«nnvlvanla 43 

Independent Mfg. Ca. 22 

IBlnds Hatchery 33 

Johniton Co.. Atys 49 

Kerlln's Orandvlew Poultry Farm 21 

Kerr Chlrkerles 2T 

Kellogg Company, H. IL 49 

l<ewls Farms 47 

lord Farms 26 

Lowry, Geo.. Poultry Farm IS 

Leader Farms 46 

lioeuat OroTC Poultry Farm 39 

Luta. Edward C. Poultry Farm 49 

Lancaster Farms Batekery 19 

Myem C N 41 

Mer«k and Co 34 

Moeller Initniment Co 28 

MIttendorf 'i Leghorn Raneb 39 

Mattaon. H 34 

MIseeurl Poultry Farm IS 

If aule, Wm. Henry 31 

National Poultry Band Oo. 84 

Northwestern Trast Co 37 

National OU Produeu Oo. 29 

Neuben Co.. R. F 32 

National Poultry Institute 84 

NewtowB Olant Inmbalor Co 39 

Outdoor Biterprlse Cb 34 

Omiti. 3. W.. Hatchery 33 

Oyster Shell Prwlucu Corp 22 

Pratt Food Co outside back oevf r 

Park* and Son*. J. W 26 

PennivlTanla Ptnultiy Farm 44 

Priee, Mrs. Homer 52 

Putnam. 1 28 

Purina Mills 6 

Quaker Oat* Co inside front enter 

Roarlawn Poultry Farm 9 

Redblrd Farm 27 

Belraan, M. M 52 

Simplex Brooder Stove Co 28 

Specialty Mfg. Co 2'* 

Schmidt. Mrs. Albert and Son 52 

Smllev Farm* 88 

H. M. Stauffer and Son 49 

Standard F>)gine Oo 44 

Sliefiandoah Mfg. Ca 44 

Tredlnnock Farm 45 

Tobaooo By- Product* and Chemical Corp. . 47 

Trophy Shop, The 43 

Turkey Production 98 

Trualow Poultry Farm 19 

Thamwood Poultry Tarda 2T 

Townsend and Sons, E. W SI 

I'nited Brooder Co 29 

Wlllook. Fred J 48 

Warren Poultry Farm 27 

Walek. L. R, Hatcheries 47 

Wene Chick Farm.* 89 

WlUaur Maohine C& ST 

Welsbret Farm 32 

Whltmoyer. C. W., Laboratortss 86 

Wolff Hatching and Breeding Farms 44 





Big TypeENGLiSHj 


Greatest Money-Making Strain of Chickens in the World Today 

We Import Direct From 

Tom Barron In England 

Official Record 

280 Eggs-- 297 Polnta 
in 49 weeks 

^^HY<>°^*a Po/«nY«r^ ^^^^^^^^^^^H 

295 Eggs - 313.5 Points ^^^Qn 


Department of Agriculture 

July 9, 1031 
Dear Mr. Tibbals: 

You will be interested in knowing that the 
record of 136 eggs made by your pen of five 
Leghorn Pullets at our Quincy Egg Laying CJon- 
test in December, 11<30, is the highest record 
ever made during December by any pen in all 
three of our contests operating at Quincy, Mur- 
physboro and Kankakee, Illinois. Very truly 
yours, E. G. HORNER, Chief Poultryman. 

ROSELAWN big type English Leghorns will make you more 
profit because we are continually working to improve the 
breeding of our birds. Every year for 11 years we have im- 
ported high egg record breeding stock direct from Tom Barron's 
Best Official Contest Winning Hers. Every one is the best 
Barron bloodline obtainable. This year's importation includes 
a full brother to High Hen in Barron Pen at Storrs — 2521 Eggs 
for 2fi90 Points. We have bred and improved this stock until 
today many of the best commercial egg farms in U. S. prefer 
Roselawn English Strain Chicks over all others. 

ROSELAWN— A Real Breeding 

and Commercial Egg Farm 

ROSELAWN is a real Trapneat-Pedigree Breeding Farm spe- 
cializing exclusively in this one great strain of layers. We 
breed them to produce Premium Eggs for the New York Market. 
Our birds won 72 Awards, Cups and Ribbons in 1931 Official 
Egg Laying Contests. Great winter layers. Highest December 
Record ever made at Illinois — 136 eggs for 5 bird team. Highest 
Leghorn Pen at Maine where last winter was extremely cold. 
Our Georgia Pen (10 birds) laid 2471 eggs in 51 weeks. 

Big Type Hens — Large Size Eggs 

OUR Breeding Hens are big type, lop combed birds — bred for 
large egg size, heavy production and quick maturity. Some 
of our customers are winners in Official Egg Contests with Rose- 

lawn birds. Customers report 60 

10 W 

and SQf/c average 


Faust, N. Y., Nov. 15, 193i 
"My pullets started laying Oct. 13 at age of 4 mouths and 3 weeks, 
which is very good fur here. Last winter we had plenty of cold weather, 
lots of days 4(» below zero, and my Roselawn pullets laid every day at 
the rate of 65','c." — (Signed) A. J. LaBelle 


St. Petersburg. Fla., Nov. 3, 1931 
"Am enclosing egg record of a pen of birds that I hat.he<l from eggs 
bought from you in 1930. The chicks hatched February 16 and I got my 
first egg in 4 months and 4 days. I ed 18 pullets picked at random 
in a special pen and these birds laid a total of 4.3.55 eggs in 12 months, 
from August 1. I'.KtO to July 31. 1931. which is an average of 24'J eggs 
for each bird." — (Signed) Frank W. Lamb 


Lehighton. Pa., Nov. 17, 1931 
"Last March I received chicks from your ••A.V" niniiiiKs. I lu'.hd my 
pullets carefully and so far in November have had an avtrage egg pro- 
duction of 80' J which is considered exceptionally good." — (Signed) 
Jacob M. Zchner. 

Send for Our Free Catalog 

Write today for a copy of our new catalog. Contains helpful poultry 
information and many actual photos of Roselawn birds, equijiment and 
houses. Also a complete history of our official contest winning bloodlines. 

It's free. Send for a copy, today. 

flock production all fall and winter when eggs are highest. 

25 % DISCOUNT ?" E"iy o^de^^ 

— ^— ^— ^-^— ^— ^_^^ for Baby Chicks 
and Hatching Eggs Placed Before January 31st. 

"1^ E are offering a big money saving Discount of 

» ' 257c off regular prices on orders placed before 

January 31st. A small deposit enables you to take 

advantage of this discount and guarantees delivery 

when wanted any time during the season. Postage 
prepaid and livability is guaranteed. Our piioes are 
very reasonable and your satisfaction is assured. 
Order this month and make sure of this big saving 
on the best production bred chicks you can buy. 

Your Success and Profit is more Certain with Rose- 
Hawn Stock because of our up-to-date breeding methods. 



I would like to receive your Free Book on Roselawn 
Leghorns with helpful information, also your big Special 
Discount offer nn early orders placed now. 

Roselawn Poultry Farm [ .s 

H. M. Tibbals Sl Son, Owners and Managers 

Route lO'E Dayton, Ohio | 

Reference: Dun's, Bradstrcet's or any Dayton Bank. . 





Everybodys Poultry Magazine 

Teaching Practical Science and Scientific Practice; Promoting Qoodwillt 
Harmony, and Confidence; Building Better, Bigger Business 

Resolved: Better Pullets for 1932! 


Never has it been of as 
great importance to all 
poultrymen to plan for 
better quality pullets 
than it is this year. 

POULTRY and o^'^ farming is 
getting down to a more solid 
business basis. Hard times 
are making more careful business 
men of poultrymen. They are 
counting costs, looking for eco- 
nomies, improving methods of 
production, and endeavoring in 
ways before unpracticed to widen 
the margin of profit. And it is a 
good sign! The poultry industry 
has always needed better business 
methods applied to it than was 
usually the case. Well, that's that, 
but what of it? 

During this chick season just 
about to begin there are many 
opportunities which, if grasped, 
may enable poultry raisers to 
qualify themselves still further as 
good business men, and con- 
sequently good poultrymen. Not 
all poultrymen are so situated as 
to be able to do this sort of thing 
in the same way. What may be an 
economical and practical way for 
one may not be useful for another. 
However, from among the sug- 
gestions enumerated below it is 
hoped that there may be hints for 
every reader of Everybodys Poul- 
try Magazine. 

What do we mean by 'better 
pullets'? Of course, we all are 
anxious to make whatever we are 
doing a little better, more efticient, 
and more worth while than that 
which we did some time ago. When 
it comes to the 1932 pullets, what 

does it mean? Perhaps, it means 
these things : 

(a) stronger, healthier birds, 
with inheritetl physiques capable 
of carrying layers through a long 
season of intensive egg production 
— also birds capable of withstand 
ing more effectively the causes of 
disease and ill health. 

(b) pullets which have an iu 
bred tendency to produce large 
numbers of egg8,evenly distributee! 
over the year, so that the egg in 
come from a fl(M'k may be mater 
ially increased although the size 
of the flock is not particularly in 

(c) pullets which will tend t«» 
produce larger size eggs so that 
fewer of the table eggs gathered 
from next year's flocks will have 
to suffer a price penalty when sold. 

Those are better pullets. It is 
acceptable to all, probably, xhat 
the flocks will also be better protit 
earners if they are more even, 
more uniform, nearer Standard 
characteristics, and the ty^M? of 
fowls which customers want to get 
when they buy. And this latter 
point might well be (d). 

How may improvements in these 
directions be accomplisheil? It is 
safe to say that one cannot reason 
ably expe<-t to get his flock from 
a low standard of production and 
profit making to a high one in the 
mere operations of one season, but 
nevertheless it is surprising how 
effective a start can be made when 
the poultryman really sets out to 
do it in a more or less systematic 
and planned-aheadof-time way. 

1. Many poultrymen who are 
readers of these columns are 
planning to mate up hens of their 
own, save hatching eggs from such 
flocks, set or hire the eggs in 
cubated, and rear their own pul 
lets. Well and good, that is the 


Four hundred 'hettrr pullets of a 19.U 
crop u-eU alontj irhvn f/i/^ pirtiirr irai 
taken. They are now in full production. 

wav it should be in many in- 
stances. What can these produce- 
your-own-pullet poultrymen add 
to their plans to help insure get- 
ting a 'letter pullet* flock for 

a. Go over the hens which are 
available as brwders again, and 
more particularly than before, 
jwrhaps. Plan to brwd from fewer 
birds, but better ones I Select the 
strongest, healthiest specimens, 
other things being equal. 

b. Plan to mate them up right 
around the first of January and 
save all eggs laid by them l)etween 
January l.lth and April 15th, a 
longer than usual breeding season, 
but from better selected hens — the 
difference. About 75% of the eggs 

Please turn to page 3^ 

The Popularity of the White Minorca 


How modern improve' 
merits and methods made 
an old and long neglected 
fowl popular and a 
breeder righteously 

POT^LTRY culture as a voca- 
tion is a wholly modern 
development. It is only about 
90 years since men in America 
began to think that it might be 
possible to make a living in this 
line, and hardly more than 50 
since it actually began to be done. 
Hence those making it a vocation 
have been familiar either by per- 
sonal knowledge or by first hand 
information from older men with 
every phase of the development of 
the industry from a business of 
minor importance and part time 
engagements to a major occupa- 
tion which a competent man could 
expand as much as he liked. 

A notable result of this situa- 
tion is the general tendency of the 
lirst generation of poultry special- 

ists to consider all problems of the 
industry as they arise according 
to the formulas derived from past 
experience. Not that this trait is 
peculiar to poultrymen, but the 
circumstances make it unusually 
conspicuous in them. There is, to 
be sure, an oft-quoted saying to 
the effect that only by knowledge 
of the past can we judge the 
future, which seems to place the 
judgments of experience above all 
others; and there may be many 
cases where they are the best. But 
my aim is to tell readers of Every- 
bodys how the recent rise of the 
White ^linorca to a place in the 
front rank of popular varieties at 
the same time upsets opinions sup- 
ported by all previous experience, 
and appears to indicate how a 
great problem which seemed to 
those judging by the past to defy 
solution, readily yielded when ap- 
proached directly and treated 
wholly with reference to existing 

The Old Principles 

From, say, 1840 to 1912, begin- 
ning as a sideline and developing 
through all stages to big business 
proportions in the breeding of 

The tape of ^Vh^te Minorca irhirh ican in vopur up until trn ycnrH affo. trhrn an 
enterprixiny young pouitryman took thrm in hand, and made of them a popular 

eonnnrrrial breed. 


poultry and in various allied lines, 
the poultry industry moved stead- 
ily forward. In 1912 it had a 
sudden and serious slump. Since 
then it has had alternating periods 
of rapid progress and stagnation. 

It was, as I now recall, in 1916, 
when the first revival of business 
had proved very short-lived; that 
a group of poultrymen trying to 
find the reason and the way out. 
agreed with the observation of one 
of their number, that what had 
been most plainly lacking in 
recent years was new breeds; 
whereas at least 60 years before 
that there had been a constant 
procession of breeds new to 
American poultry keepers, each 
enthusiastically promoted by 
those who found it the most ser- 
viceable for their use. The last of 
these had now become old breeds, 
and there appeared no ])rosi)ect of 
any more new breeds, for on the 
established principles of standard- 
ization all possible distinct breed 
types had now been made. Evi- 
dently, in their judgment, the 
industry had lost one of the most 
j)otent factors in its development. 

It also seemed to them utterly 
improbable that the public could 
be interested in any of the existing 
breeds or varieties which when 
first brought to its attention had 
not "caught on'', because in all 
their knowledge of the business 
efforts to revive interest in kinds 
of i>oultry rejected on a first ap- 
pearance had been futile. From 
the viewpoint of experience they 
were right. At the time more than 
10 years had j)as8ed since a new 
brwd had ai)peared. A few years 
later two were brought out, both 
special purpose types with limited 
appeal. Those were the only new 
breeds offerisl American poultry 
men in this century. 

The Modem Viewpoint 

A few vears after the incident 
related above a young poultry man 
in Missouri undertook to solve the 
breed promotion problem with 
reference to his own business. 
Please turn to page 32 



The Hatchery Room Is Important 




Since the hatchery room 
is really a 'maternity 
ward* at hatching timCf 
proper conditions in the 
room are necessary for 
profitable operation* 

THE hatching of chicks by 
commercial hatcheries has 
become a leading industry 
in this country. In recent years 
there has been a quite remarkable 
development in mammoth incuba- 
tors. ^Moro recently hatcherymen 
are realizing what an important 
factor proper hatchery room con- 
ditions are in profitable operation. 
Hatcheries today range in size 
from those of around a 1000-egg 
capacity to those of over a million. 
It is difficult to include such a 
variety of conditions as may be 
included in an industry with such 
natural variations due to this 
range in size, as well as many 
other differences. 

Hatcheries are eperated in base- 
ments of homes, in rooms of the 
house, in garages, in attics, in 
made over barns, in old factories, 
as well as in buildings erected 
especially lor hatchery purposes. 
r>ut in general there are certain 
fundamental essentials common to 
all regardless of size or location. 

The hatchery nxmi should, if 
;)ossible, be located so the work 
may be made just as convenient as 
l)<>ssible. Til is includes ease of 
access for the patrons who furnish 
the hatching eggs, and the cus- 
tomers who come after chicks or 
for such service as may be ren 
dered by the hatchery. Then there 
is the convenience for the operator 
in doing his work. A very large 
])ercentage of the cost of hatchery 
operation is that of labor. Con- 
venience of location, as well as of 
arrangement saves time and re- 
duces costs. 

Many hatcherymen [)refer to 
operate in a "hatchery cellar", or 

Xote the elean conerete floor, the oxerhead ventilation, and the huxineMs-like 
atmoHphere of this incubator room. Such conditions arc important. 

basement, believing they find it 
easier to hold a more even tem- 
perature, which of course, is de- 
sirable. But the tendency among 
others is to place all hatchery 
operations above ground. The 
hatcherv room should be built 


warm. This may be done by using 
a combination of waterproof 
buildftig paper with wall and in- 
sulation board. Such insulation 
helps protect the hatchery against 
changes in the outside weather, 
kcH'ping out the cold and retaining 
the heat provided inside the room. 
It is quite necessary that hatchery 
walls and ceilings be i)r(q)erly c(m- 
structed and insulated to help 
maintain as even a temperature 
inside as possible. 

Anv of the modern insulation 


boards in more common use are 
easily applied and add to the ap 
IK'arance of the interior. While it 
is not necessary it is highly de- 
sirable that the walls and ceilings 
be either painted or whitewashetl 
be shut tight. 

The floor of the hatchery room 
should be constructed in keeping 
with the puri)ose it is to serve. 
In many instances a cement floor 
is quite satisfactory, especially in 


so far as cleanliness and sanity 
are concerned. However, a cement 
floor is not easy to work on, since 
it tends to tire the operator. It is 
for this reason, that many hatch- 
erymen prefer a well constructed, 
tight, wood floor. 

The ceiling height may be deter- 
mined somewhat by the dimen- 
sions of the incubator to be used, 
but it should be hardly less than 
eight feet, and may be anything 
betwet»n this and ten feet. Often 
smaller hatcheries are successfully 
operated in rooms or basements 
where there is just room for the 
machine below the ceiling. But in 
most instances, especially larger 
jdants, it is atlvisable to allow 
m< 1 e space for the more adequate 
cl. ubstioii of air. 

^.uflicient light, both natural 
and artificial, will be found a real 
advantage, when working around 
the hatchery. Plenty of light helps 
to show up any dust or dirt, thus 
encouraging cleanliness. The win- 
dows, where possible, should be 
located on both sides of the hatch- 
ery room, and hung so they may 
be either partially or fully ojiened. 
There are times during some days 
Please turn to page S8 

The First Day In A Chicken's Life 


♦> c 

The future of a newly 
hatched chick depends 
greatly upon the manner 
in which it was managed 
during the first several 
hours of its life. 

WK have boon iiuikinp Ihe 
roaiinj; of chicks more 
aiul more artificial and 
mechanical in recent vears, uu- 
<loul)te(lly. It is one manifestation 
of the encroachment of the ma- 
<hine age, the indnstrial ape, in 
wliich we are living, "We liave done 
it becanse it seemed necessary to 
bro<Kl more chicks jier labor unit 
and per brooding unit than was 
formerly done, if i)rolits were to 
result, if bioilers were to be pro- 
<luced at a margin of pro tit, or if 

pullets were to be matured to 
laying stage at lowered costs. 

In the process of im}>roving 
br(»oding devices and making more 
and more mechanical the care of 
'hicks duriiig their first few 
weeks, there has sometimes boon a 
tendency to forget the viewpoint 
of the chicks themselves. And then, 
there are, especially this year, 
many j)oultrymon who are going 
to j>row only comparatively small 
numbers of chicks and who find 
themselves somewhat at sea as to 
how to do it because of the great 
attention given on every hand to 
the wholesale schemes of chick 
handling and rearing. 

It is not remiss, therefore, in 
January to .sto}) a moment to ask 
what may be the viewpoint of the 
chick as to his early care and man 
agement. In the brief space of this 
article, and in this month when 
the earliest chicks only will be 
appearing, it may be best to talk 
for a bit about the first day only. 
What about it, then? 

Feeds In The Egg 

In former days we were inclined 
to believe that the chicks lived 
almost wholly upon the albumen, 
or white, of the egg in which they 
were developing, until they were 
ready to hatch, that just before 

Thr first don ftrdittij piotjniin 
for a tuuly hatclud chick should 
he given very close attention, 
jor it means much to the chick 

hatching they enclosed the yolk 
sac within the abdominal cavity, 
and then proceeded to call upon it 
as food for the first three or four 
days outside the shell. A slight 
error in belief! The average chick 
begins to use the yolk food about 
the 16th day in the shell, uses a 
fair amount of it before hatching 
(perhaps about 75%), and does 
enclose the remainder in the 
abdomen, to be used as food dur- 
ing the first few hours outside the 

It was formerly felt that to feed 
chicks before that yolk supply was 
exhausted was to court digestive 
upset, and j)robably loss of life. 
Arkansas investigators, later 
checked by many others, have told 
us that the taking of food by 
chicks before that yolk supply is 
used up (1) does not ncn-ossarily 
hinder the rate at which such yolk 
is used by the chicks, (2) does not 
necessarily cause any digestive 
disorder, but rather tends to get 
the chick growing that much 
faster, (3) does tend to prevent 
hunger and loss of weight, (4) 
does probably save many chicks^ 
lives, and (5) is an economical 
and safe practice, if done with 
care and common sense. Revolu 
tionary doctrine, but importance 
to know about, if true, and it ap- 
pears to 1m». 

The First Feed 

What, then, does this more or 
less recent research suggest as to 
the chick's first day? As to feed- 
ing, this: 

(a) that where the poultry man* 
is hatching his own chicks or get- 
ting them nearby, it will W wise 
for him to prepare to give those 
chicks food anytime after they are 
12 to 18 hours old, and other 
things being equal, the sooner the 
better, for this early feeding 
begins strength building at once, 
and tends to give the chicks a 
start which is beneficial. 

(b) that if the chicks are well 
fluffed out, dried off, and are up 
on their feet, peeping and evidenc- 

Please turn to pffff •"'S 

♦• O 

-Tt '^- 



M^ ■ 





4 , 

„ _ 

- *!■ , 



<■ 4SHb^Pv 9 



^ 1 



K-3..-X:.' -'^^BK 

These three birds each made a record of letter than 300 eggs in a year at national egg laying contests. They are worth 

much to their oicners if properly used. 

Making The Most Of High Record Hens 


The true value of high 
egg production records 
depends on hoiv you use 
them. They are hard 
to get and possess great 
value if handled right. 

THE 1931 contest season is 
over, a new flock of birds are 
on their way through the 
grind of 365 laying days in some 
40 contests in the United States 
and Canada. Thousands of birds 
have completed their home record 
of i»erformance lay and thousands 
of new birds are under trapnests 
in most every state of the Union, 
making official records for their 
state and for their owners. A 
question of great interest to every 
poultry keeper is how to obtain 
the greatest advantage from high 
record hens of last year, and how 
can he best proceed to insure the 
making of equal or higher records 
in the future. 

First of all, let me say that 
every poultryman, if he does any 
breeding work at all and if he is 
interested in the advertising and 
sales promotion of his product, 
should do one of two things. lie 
should enter one or more pens in 
his local or nearby egg laying con 


test and, secondly, he should enter 
birds in home record of perform- 
ance projects. These projects are 
generally under supervision of the 
Extension Department of the 
State Agricultural (^ollege, or 
under the direct supervision of the 
State Department of Agriculture. 
The birds entered are placed in 
special laying pons, operated care- 
fully under trapnests, subject at 
all time to official inspection and 
chocked by state men especially 
trained to do that work, so that 
the records while not as official as 
Contest records, are nevertheless 
accurate and trustworthy and of 
great value to the breeder. Learn 
more about record of performance 
work in your state if you do not 
know about it already. 

High Records 

We are talking about high 
records. What one considers high 
records will vary greatly with in 
dividuals and their point of view. 
Any pullet that will lay 200 eggs 
which will average to weigh two 
ounces or more each, through the 
year, should be considered a 
valuable bird and of great poten 
tial advantage to the owner. Of 
course, as one gets records above 
the 200-egg point and gets 225, 
250. 275, 300 and above, their 
potential value becomes so much 
greater. Let me take a moment 
here to emphasize the point that 


in determining high records, one 
must not only consider the num- 
ber of ^gs, l)ut the size of eggs 
as well, for the reason that we 
must do everything possible to 
overcome the growing tendency of 
eggs to l)ecome smaller andi 
smaller, especially if the number 
of eggs laid increases. For those 
who are not acquainted with the 
official method now employed in 
rating eggs according to size, 
which method by the way is known 
as the "point system", the pro- 
cedure is as follows. All eggs laid 
by each bird in each flock are 
recorded. Each egg is weighed and 
credited with a corresponding 
numl)er of points according to the 
scale given below. Most contests 
and record of performance pro- 
jects record both the number of 
eggs laid and the numl)er of points 
earned. Most contests are making 
their awards today on the points 
earned, rather than the number of 
eggs laid. No point value is given 
for eggs weighing less than 18 
ounces per dozen. The scale of 
points used is as follows : 

18 oz. per dozen eggs get 0.70 points 

19 oz. per dozen eggs get 0.75 points 

20 oz. per dozen eggs get 0.80 points 

21 oz. per dozen eggs get 0.85 points 

22 oz. per dozen eggs get 0.90 points 

23 oz. per dozen eggs get 0.95 points 

24 oz. per dozen eggs get 1.00 points 

25 oz. per dozen eggs get 1.05 points 

26 oz. per dozen eggs get 1.10 points 

Please turn to page 28 

♦ ''^ */f^ ♦ ''^*/f^ ♦ 

Everybodys News Pictorial 



Everybodys News Pictorial 

A modem, successful well managed plant would not attemp *° j^°"*/^,^J\^^;^^^^^^ 
way other than that which they considered best These ventilated heated and insulated 
buMngs aiRoselawn Poultry Farm, Dayton. Ohio, attest to that fact. That the fowls re- 
spond to such housing methods is shown by their egg production records. 

4 i> 




M. Streck of Colorado and her Slltware R. O.^R hen with a r^^^^^^^^^^ 

, !f,^*S °\ '-o!?^^^*' ^° "^' ounce average eggs in second year of production, 
battery brooder filled with Bronze turkeys. ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ gg j^y^ j^ breeding pen, 50 of 

cretary of the International which hatched. A remarkable hen! Bred and 

Mrs. Streck is Secretary 

Turkey Association. 

which hatched. A remarkable hen ! Bred and 
owned by Warren Poultry Farm. Lewee, DeL 

Oklahoma A. and M. College poukry judging 
team, first place winner in inter-collegiate con- 
test at the Chicago Coliseum Poultry Show, 
December 5. Left to right: Penquite, coach; Wil- 
son, Brooks, Irwin and Floyd. 

This crate is on wheels and can be moved any- 
where on the farm. Birds are put in the crate 
at the weight of 1% pounds and are fed for 
about 10 days on a fattening mash. At the end 
of this period they usually weigh 2% pounds. 

An enormous flock of Pekin ducks on feed at 

an Illinois duck farm. The ensuing noise may 

well be imagined. 


Here's a caller at the White House whose 
portance will never be questioned. It is the fine 
30-pound bird which was the President's Thanks- 
giving dinner. Left to right^-^. F Dove, of Mar- 
tinsburg. W. Va.; His Royal Highness; and 
Secretary Lawrence Ritchie, of the White House. 

Part of the 4U0 Indiana Farmers who attended 
an annual agricultural Field Day held at Purdue 
University, listening to Prof. C. W. Camck, head 
of the Purdue poutry department, explain the 
university's method of brooding and caring for 
young turkeys and chicks. 

The Selection Of Eggs For Incubation 

This year, eapeciatly, it loill pay pouUrymen to pay extra attention to the eggi 

they are going to use for hatch iii-g. 

An easily overlooked 
but important phase of 
poultry management at 
this time of the year is 
the careful selection of 
eggs for hatching use. 

POT^LTRYMEN are hoping 
that tho new year just open- 
ing holds promise of better 
times in the poultry industry. 
Naturally ! And there are several 
signs which would seem to lend 
courage to such a hope. Yet, if a 
return to more normal conditions 
amongst poultry growers is to 
take place, it is very liable to be 
because poultrymen put into prac- 
tice economies and improvements 
in management which the trouble- 
some times of the past few months 
have pointed out as essential to 
the realization of margins of profit 
in poultry and egg farming. 
January sees most poultrymen 

going over their incubators, get- 
ting them into running order and 
ready for the early hatches, begin 
ning once more the active, busy 
chick season, looking toward the 
rearing of not only some chicks 
and young stock for sale but also 
toward replacement of older 
layers with new pullets next fall. 
In many cases this season will see 


sufficient chicks hatched to build 
up repleted stocks to former num 
bers. At any rate the 19.*?2 chick 
season is filled with more than 
usual possibilities and responsi 

Since this forthcoming chick 
season is unusually important to 
the American poultry industry, 
and it is undoubtedly, it is wise 
to stop for a moment at this early 
end of the season to think out 
whether or not there are some 
pointers which, considered now, 
might help to make the 1932 
hatches better and more eco 
nomical and the 1932 chicks of a 
better quality, to develop into 
layers of greater value than those 
of the past. 



What can be accomplished 
toward such an end through 'se- 
lection of eggs for hatching pur- 
poses?' Several things! 

Right Parentage 

1. Select for utmost strength, 
vigor, and vitality in the coming 
lots of chicks. How? 

First, breed only fully matured 
hens this season. Do not breed 
from pullets, or possibly immature 
birds. Breed rather hens which 
have been through a full season 
of egg production, have gone 
through a moult and a resting 
period. Such birds are very apt 
to be in best physical condition 
and capable of transmitting 
strength and vigor to chicks. 

Second, do not breed from as 
many hens as formerly, perhaps, 
but instead apply more rigorous 
selection to those which are bred 
from in order to be producing 
chicks only from higher quality, 
stronger hens. In order to make up 
for lessened numbers due to this 
higher degri»e of selection, plan to 
save hatching eggs, perhaps, be- 
tween at least January l.lth and 
April 20th, or thereabouts. More 
hatches, yes, and chicks of various 
ages, yes, but chicks from better 
parent stock I 

Third, by inspection be sure that 
every breeder used, male or female, 
possesses the earmarks of strong, 
vigorous health and constitution. 
Do not use birds which have Ix^eu 
sick but recovered. *IIas Beens' 
are never good breeders, as a rule. 
Whenever a bird has Ix'en ill but 
has l>een left in the pens or re- 
turned a red celluloid leg-ban«l 
should be given to it. as a danger 
signal to help avoid the possibility 
of selecting such a bird as a future 
breeder. Sound advice in nearly 
every easel Chicks are likely to l>e 

ft * 

much like parent stock in health, 
strength, and vigor. 

Fourth, increase chick strength 
by planning to rest the breeding 
males frequently during the win 
ter and spring mating season, as 
outlined in my article in the 
Det'ember Kverybodys. 


2. The first point has dealt with 
factors which must be considered 
ahead of the actual production, 
i gathering, and selection of the hatch- 

ing eggs themselves, of course. What 

Hatching eggs should be most care- 
fully handled between the time they 
are laid and the time they are placed 
in the incubators. This may be sum- 
marized briefly, for working purposes, 
as follows: 

first, gather eggs from mated flocks 
two or three times daily during cold 
months. Do not allow hatching eggs 
to become chilled; 

second, store eggs in a clean place, 
preferably at a temperature which is 
below 68 degrees Farenheit and not 
below about 45 degn:'ees Farenheit, 
where the air is not too dry, all this 
preventing any development of the 
germs and holding interior egg con- 
ditions as near normal as possible, 
keeping evaporation checked; 

third, do not hold eggs for hatching 
purposes longer than 10 days or two 
weeks, for best results and strongest 
chicks. Fresh laid, fertilized eggs tend 
to produce best chicks. 

Plan For More and Better Egffs 

3. This is a season when many 
poultry breeders have felt that it was 
not possible to do as much trapnesting 
and pedigreeing as usual. Some never 
do any, and yet all wish to produce 
better pullets for the coming year 
4 \ than they have ever had before. Can 
egg quality be influenced by selection 
of hatching eggs? Yes, we think so. 
We are agreed, are we not, that we 
are going to breed from old hens this; 
season, hens which are still with us 
because in our sorting and selection 
we have found something about them 
which appealed to us indicating that 
they had produced economically as 
pullet layers last year or the year 
before. We have thus automatically 
helped to insure that by saving the 
hatching eggs this season from thus 
selected breeding hens we are making 
a good effort to produce next year's 
pullets of better egg production capa- 
city, as to numbers. That is good, and 
important. What further? 

Let's try to produce a crop of 
layers for next year which will tend 
to lay more large eggs and fewer 
small sized eggs than have these of 
this year's laying flocks been produc- 
ing. The market of next year is going 
to be more discriminating than ever. 
People are going to be willing to pay 
for eggs according to their size and 
quality. It is going to be a distinct 
advantage to possess pullets inherent- 
ly capable of producing a goodly per- 
centage of larger size eggs. Mark my 
word, and see if it does not work out 
that way 1 

I Be "Hard-boiled" About Weight of 

' Egg. 

To get back to selecting the eggs 
for the incubators. We have a lot of 
Please turn to page .i,', 


The sensational new 

More Heat ... Less Fuel 







Only in the Buckeye 
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you have the exclusive 
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new "Hot Circle Heater" has a heating 
capacity equal to 280 square feet of 
steam radiation. It has a greater 
radiating surface. The heated gases 
travel several times farther before reach- 
ing the chimney. More of the heat is 
utilized. Less is wasted. That's why 
fuel consumption is so remarkably lou: 

Amazing New Burner 
More than that. EVEN-HEAT has the 
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takes ordinary kerosene and converts it 

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with an intensely hot 
flame. And the flame won't go out, nor 
burn too fast, for it is automatically 
regulated. This means that chicks have 
correct brooding temperatures — on 
warm days, on cold days, and i n sudden 
and drastic weather ch anges. Every min- 
ute of the day and night you can ktiow 
they're safe, comfortable, and thriving. 

A High Quality Brooder at a 
Rock Bottom Price 

But there are many more things we'd like to tell 
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And Buckeye Coal-Burning Brooders, too 

Our new Book also tells about the 
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operate. Saves more chicks. 

It offers these — and many more — ad- 
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Nor over-heated. There's 
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raiser. And at a price 
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of many "cheap" 
brooders on the 
market today. 



Sutt how the scientifically designed hover deflects 
warmth oter the entire brooding area. 


Before you buy any brooder be sure to 
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H-6709 Central Ave.. Cleveland. Ohio. 
Send me your new Brooder Book at once. 




City *<*" 

Fundamental Rules In Breeding Poultry 


Some rules for novices 
in breeding which, when 
followed conscientiously f 
will start the breeder 
without experience off 
right in his first try. 

THIS article is for novices iii 
poultry breeding. There are 
two classes of novices to 
whom it will be of interest — and, 
I hope, some service. The first con- 
sists of those who have had no 
experience in breeding poultry ; 
the second of those whose ex- 
perience to date has not broujj;ht 
them an nnderstandinji: of methods 
of breeding which enables them to 
•mate their own birds with reason- 
able confidence that the progeny 
of their matings will be approxi- 
mately as good as the parent 
stocks. The rules here given will be 
explained with relation to con- 
ditions commonly affecting the 
breeding undertakings of these 
two groups of poultry keepers. 

Defining Terms 

A poultry breeder is one who in 
any measure controls and regu- 
lates the renroduction of poultry 
to maintain an estahlishcd type. 
or to modify it in a definite nay. 
or for a definite purpose. Some 
definitions of this term undertake 
to limit its application to breeders 
of relatively great ability. Such 
restriction is neither necessary or 
appropriate. On the contrary, it is 
highly misleading because it gives 
the imi>ression that actual accom 
plishment in breeding is beyond 
the capacity of most who become 
interested in the matter; whereas 
any ordinarily intelligent and 
observant person can become quite 
proficient in poultry breeding 
within a few years. 

A rule for breeding poultry is a 
statement of a method of estab- 
lished good usage or practice 
among poultry breeders. The use 

The Two Fundamental Rules of Breeding 

KULE NUMBER O^E— Breed only from specimens which are 
good representatives of their race, breed or strain. 
RULE NUMBER TWO-^Breed together specimens of the 
same, or of compatible, individual types (within their race 
type), free from conspicuous faults, and not having anywhere 
the same small fault. 

of rules in poultry breeding is in 
no way dependent upon knowledge^ 
of scientific theories and systems 
of breeding. All the general and 
common rules of breeding practice 
antedate scientific study of breed- 
ing. I mention this here because 
a great many persons with little 
or no actual experience in breed- 
ing have learned something aca- 
demically of the principles of 
brtHHling, and I have found that 
most who acquire some theoretical 
knowledge of breeding in advance 
are apt to modify the application 
of rules of breeding as they sup- 
pose knowledge of theories per- 
mits. To any and all such who are 
still practically novices I would 
say: Follow breeders' rules liter- 
ally, as closely as you can, until 
you have learned to use them with 
evident success. 

An elementary rule for breeding 
poultry is one which applies to all 
kinds, breeds and varieties of 
poultry as the necessary method 
of maintaining the racial char- 
acters and qualities of parents in 
their offspring, and which makes 
for improvement in proportion to 
the care with which it applied. 
There are but two elementary 
rules of breeding. For the purposes 
of this article they are stated in 
order in the box on this ]>age. We 
will consider in detail the various 
phases of their practical applica- 

How To Know Quality 

The general specification of 
quality given in Rule Number One 
refers primarily to the essential or 
substantial qualities which are the 
siime in all organisms: Namely, 
size suitable for the service re- 


quired; shapeliness, or symmetry. 
which is the indication of well 
balanced vital functions; and 
stamina which is expressed in the 
attitudes and actions of birds (as 
in all creatures) which is the qual- 
ity giving reasonable assurance of 
iiulividual ability to perform well 
through long laying and breeding 
seasons and to transmit its merits 
to a large proportion of its 

Practically all people who take 
enough interest in poultry to like 
to look at them are naturally 
])retty good judges on these i>()ints. 
To laymen and novices domestic 
birds are individually attractive 
in proportion to their excellence 
in this combination of primary 

To apjdy the secc idary speci- 
fication in rule one re<piires some 
appreciation of the principal 
general tyi)es of poultry and of the 
reasons f(»r creating brtH'd and 
strain sub-types in each. Correct 
appic«iation of type begins with 
ability to distinguish at sight the 
most generally efficient form of 
each i)rincipal economic class — in 
fowls general pur]>ose types, lay- 
ing tyi>es, and nu'at types. This is 
not at all difficult, for it is really 
the same type in different sizes. 
In each great class there are one 
or more breeds for which it is a 
distinctive type either for the 
breed or for a strain or strains 
highly bred for usefulness, while 
other breeds of the class have the 
most generally useful type modi- 
fied for some special purpose. 

To illustrate: In the general 
purpose class of fowls Plymouth 
Rocks and Sussex have typically 
Please turn to page S6 

America's best 
known poultry 
judge, says: 
"The Booth 
Minorca Farms 
are ttie largest 
White Minorca 
breeders in 
the world, and 
they have the 
best birds of 
that variety 
that are in 






to those interested ia 


^HIS 5 2 -page book gives complete information on White 
Minorcas — full of letters and pictures from actual cus- 
tomers who tell of their success. Leam from these facts why this popular 
strain is the most profitable from every standpoint — how you can materially 
increase your poultry profits by si>ecializing on them. 

Highest Market Prices 

Booth's White Minorcas lay big 
white eggs that grade as "firsts" 
so you can obtain the better 
prices if you have Minorcas. We 
have lowered our chick prices so 
now you can obtain chicks of this 
famous strain at price of 
common breed chicks. 

Best Layers of All White Minorcas 

Booth's strain White Minorcas have 
never been defeated in egg laying 
contests and the Booth flock holds 
the highest official records of any 
White Minorcas. What better in- 
surance of success and profit could 
you want than a flock originating 
from such a source? 


No matter what your requirements, we can take care of you for 
either eggs, chicks, or stock. But whether you are ready to 

buy or not, send for my FREE book today. 
We arelselling chicks at just about 
half the price we got three years ago. 

Route 6 Pleasant Hill, Missonrfl 

BOOTH MINOBCA FAEMS. Route 6 Pleasant Hill, Mo. 

Send me your FREE Minorca book at once. 


St. or Rt. Box 





Master Bred 



Missouri Poultry Farms is America's oldest, 
largest breeders' hatchery — an organization 
of specialty breeders supplying you through 
one large plant, thereby lowering cost per 
chick to a fraction of what the chicks must 
bring when sold by the same type of specialty 
breeder operating alone, bearing all of the 
costs of a first class plant alone. Consider 
these facts: 

1. Drumm's Master Bred Chicks are SIRED BY 

2. This prepotent breeding added to 46 years' breeding 
experience produces a class of chicks equalled only by 
the leading specialty breeders whose small production 
makes it imperative that they 
Uk higher prices. -—affl^ 


Oats — ^The Dual Purpose Grain 


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Box 120 Columbia, Mo. 
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I Name 

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Oats was first famed as 
a hone builder. Noif it 
is our main source of 
green feed. It is a very 
important ingredient in 
any poultry ration* 

WHEREVER good oats are grrown 
the grain was in early times 
ranked first among feeds for poultry, 
on nutritive value as judged by ob- 
servation. This reputation was given 
to all oats by early writers on poul- 
try, with great detriment to poultry 
keepers generally until they learned 
that only hea\'y oats were in favor 
with well fed poultry. The oat is 
probably no more subject to variation 
in quality as affecting feeding values 
than other grains; but being marketed 
and commonly used with the hull on, 
the proportion of fiber is always large 
in comparison with that in corn and 
wheat, and in light oats may exceed 
the kernel in weight as well as in bulk. 
Indeed, in poor oats many hulls have 
grains which are hardly more than 
rudimentary. Poultrj' of all kinds 
quickly learn to distinguish between 
well filled and empty hulls. 

In modern poultry feeding as f.rst 
developed by practical poultrymen the 
oat was assigned about the same 
value as wheat and corn, and a some- 
what different function. It was re- 
garded as peculiarly the bone and 
frame builder. Its virtue for this 
purpose was at one time supposed to 
be so great that if young chickens 
were started on oats in suitable form, 
and a substantial proportion of oats 
and oat products continued through 
the growing period, far better de- 
velopment would be secured than on 
a diet deficient in oats. Many poultry- 
men of 40-60 years ago would buy 
oat meal as prepared for human food 
(steel cut) for their young chickens, 
at three or four times the price of 
"feeding" ground oats. The real ad- 
vantage in using it was that it dis- 
placed sloppy home-made prepara- 
tions, hard boiled eggs, and other 
traditional baby chick feeds disturb- 
ing to baby chick digestions. It was 
the fore-runner of dry feeding. 

On the whole, among poultry 
keepers of experience, the use of oats 
in rations was determined by the 
quality and regularity of supplies. 
Most poultrymen liked to use about 
one-third of the ration of oat products 
when good quality could be obtained. 
Few not located in or near good oat 

growing sections could get good oats 
regularly enough to use them in their 
regular rations. The most common 
practice was to use them as an extra 
for the lightest grain feed of the day. 
In study and work of scientific 
feeding from 1890 to about 1910 oats 
probably got more attention in 
laboratories and literature than on 
poultry plants. As stated in the article 
on corn, the development of commer- 
cial poultry feeds was the principle 
factor in educating people to use corn 
to its full efficiency. That of itself 
tended to reduce the use of oats 
(except as mixed in commercial 
mashes), and the poor quality of 
much of the oats on the markets in 
the East greatly cut down their use 
by a generation of poultry keepers 
taught to discriminate between good 
and worthless oats. 

The Coming of Sprouted Oats 

Just about 20 years ago the Close- 
to-Nature Company, Colfax, la,, 
began to advertise an oat-sprouter in 
the poultry papers, and to instruct 
poultry keepers in the use of sprouted 
oats for green feed. On such investi- 
gation as can be made now, it is not 
apparent that the sprouting of grain 
to supply green food was ever brought 
up in the press before this advertising 
began. Both oats and rye had long 
been used to sow in poultry yards, 
sometimes for the hens to scratch out, 
the idea being exercise; and some- 
times to grow to the stage where they 
would make good supplies of grrowing 
green feed. Oats had long been used 
as a soft feed by soaking until they 
swelled. The idea of sprouting them 
in trays until the green blades made 
substantial amounts of green feed 
was one of the few thoroughly prac- 
tical ideas wholly novel when given to 
the poultry world. 

It met a long felt want which had 
been getting more acute as the prac- 
tice of using dry mashes became 
almost universal, and as more people 
extended operations with poultry, and 
in doing so found more and more 
trouble in getting continuous sup- 
plies of green feed. The oat-sprouter 
provided a way to have any desired 
amount of green feed always avail- 
able. Whatever the scale of opera- 
tions, however intensive the plant, one 
could adjust the supply to his re- 
quirements. Sprouted oats soon took 
a prominent place in most feeding 
systems. Their use was somewhat 
checked at first by the difficulty of 
getting good oats — oats that would 
sprout. This demand created market 
supplies of oats of better quality. 
Dealers had to have oats of pretty 
good grade to meet it, and the better 
the oats the more they sold, not only 
for sprouting for green feed but for 
feeding at all stages from dry to short- 






sprouted (sprouts H to % inch long, 
at which stage they are much used by 
poultrymen who have other green 
feed). The common opinion among 
those who have tried sprouted oats at 
all stages is that the short-sprouted 
oats combine high oalatability with 
complete efficiency ii feeding value. 

How much to spr-^ut oats, what 
length to grow the sprouts, is a matter 
each poultryman decides according to 
his dependence upon the sprouter for 
constant supplies of green feed and 
the quantities of it he finds give best 
results with the rest of his ration. 
Every length from one-half inch to 
four or five inches finds favor with 
some class of poultry keepers. 

So far nothing has been found that 
can be regarded as even a competitor 
of the oat for sprouting. The only 
other grain with the hull, which 
separates the wet grains so that the 
sprouts can grow freely, is barley, and 
not enough of that is produced to 
make it everywhere available at ap- 
propriate prices. 




Claude Truslow is recog- 
nized as one of the foremost 
poultrymen in America. He 
personally supervises the 
breedinic and faatchins 00 
this large plant. 

New York Show Called Off 

Just as we are going to press, we 
are advised by Lincoln Orr, Sec'y that 
by vote of the directors the 1932 
show which would have opened at 
Madison Square Garden, New York 
City Jan. 6th has been called off. All 
exhibitors have been notified. 

It is regretable that any break 
would occur in the annual exhibition? 
at New York. It takes hundreds of 
exhibitors however, to assure a 
creditable exhibit and without suffi- 
cient entries the board of directors 
had no other alternative than to call 
off the scheduled event for this year. 

Whether our poultry shows are 
directed to 90*7f interest of breeders 
of purely exhibition bred fowls or 
are builded on the idea of being 
representative of the entire poultry 
industry they must have the support 
of the breeders to be successful. 

Undoubtedly this first break in the 
long series of successful New York 
shows is but temporary. With the 
millions to draw from in the New 
York area, plus the interest of an 
ever increasing number of city people 
who attend the New York show with 
an idea of some day "keeping 
chickens" away from the city's whirl 
— New York will not remain long off 
the poultrj' show map. 


On our 50th Anniversary we 
applied for patents on 
TOXITE, a preparation 
which we invented for the 
control of Coccidiosis. As a 
birthday gift to you, we will 
send, abvt lute h free, one gal- 
lon of TOXITE with each 
order for 500 chick«. This is 
done to prove that TOXITE 
will control Coccidiosis for 
you as it has for us. Write for 

It will mean mucn in extra profits to have all your chicks come from 
strong, vigorous breeders like these. 

Truslow Chicks 

CHAMPIONS — Yes, champions, with >?//>- years' 
selective breeding back of them— That's what we offer you 
this year. The first hen that ever layed 314 eggs in ao 
official contest supplied us with cockerels years ago. 
Since then we have crossed our splendid Leghorn laying 
strain with other champions secured direct from such 
famous breeders as Tom Barron, Hollywood and Beale. 
Where could you possibly secure better stock.' 

In addition to this wonderful strain of Leghorns we 
have equally fine Barred Rocks and R. I. Reds, unexcelled 
for broiler purposes and excellent layers, too. 

Tsjerer Sitcli Chicly Values 

Never in our fifty years' experience have we offered such 
remarkable chick values. This year you can't afford to 
buy ordinary chicks when you have this opportunity to 
get a real laying strain at greatly reduced prices. And 
here is another point— Based on hundreds of reports, we 
find that over 90*^0 of the chicks we hatch are raised. 
Accordingly, we are making one of the most liberal 
guarantees ever offered on baby chicks. 

■ ^ Write at once for complete information and the handsoma 

book we have published to celebrate our Fiftieth Anni- 
versary. You will be astonished at the low prices we are 
quoting this year. 

Please rend me your book and quote prices. 


Address -- 

No. Chicks Breed Date Wanted 






At IlonMdale, Pa. and Batavia, New York Chick Show last year. At 
Michigan State College Show they won sweepstake in Barred Rocks and 
Rhode Island Red Chick*. WHY? Because we know how to produce 
pood chicks. Our chicks come from flocks that have been carefully 
ruUed for Egg Production and Standard Quality by poultrynten with many years 
experience, plus training at Cornell and Ohio State Universities. Our chicks are 
Orao Accredited and from flocks blood-tested for B. W. D. On our own farm we 
are trapnesting ^00 Big T\-pe Barron White Leghorns utKleq Ohio Record of Per- 
formance. Bic Free Catalog tells .-ill about our chicks. Write for it today. 

Good Housing Necessary LANCASTER FARMS HATCHERY Route 1 4 

Lancaster, Ohio 

No success can be attained with 
poultry unless the fowls are kept 
comfortable. A fowl drenched with 
rain is not comfortable. A man 
caught in a rain storm may change 
h s clothing, and thus avoid a cold, 
bui a fowl must allow her clothing to 
dry on her. No fowl can stand a con- 
stant exposure to inclement weather, 
and the more we protect them the 
bet tr will be the results. 


tou eel the verr best pur*-bred teleoted stock at prion which help you 
make a pruflt. G«t full Intonnation on our healthy soleoted stock ir 
rou are a chick buyf One of Lhe plooeers In the cMck husineM, we 
have hUUt a huslncM on rood ohldcs and fair pricps. We won this 
rear 28 first and 22 leoond prize* on Indlrlduali. also 24 out of 30 
premlumi on pens entered at Crawford County F'alr. 


Free Chirks for eaxtr ordsrs. It tells the whole story. Hhows birds In 
natural colors. A halp te anj poiltrrman. Write for your onpy today 
' W> Ctiarantfe 100% lUe d»vllt*ry and stajid tiehtnd our chicks In 
erery way V\> ship C. O n LlvshtUty Ouaraiiteed 













Every indication points to 
the year 19o2 being one of 
JJfy ITf^ the most interesting which 
^ the poultry industry has 

experienced, interesting be- 
cause of distinct opportun- 
ities which will be presented to the pro- 
gressive poultry man to carry on a 
satisfactory year's business. The first in- 
dication of returning interest and pros- 
perity is the early demand for baby chicks. 
An increasing volume of orders, placed 
earlier than in the last two years, has 
marked the closing months of VXM. This 
is an indication, first of all, that people 
are taking a greater interest in poultry, 
that poultry is going to be used more than 
ever as a farm and suburban occupation 
in an increasing way. Another indication 
of renewed activity in the poultry field is 
the incpiiries, orders and purchases which 
are coming in from persons who have not 
I)reviously raised poultry. In periods of 
economic depressions and unemploj'ment, 
history shows that poultry has always ex- 
perienced its greatest comeback. 

Nineteen hundred thirty-two will be no 
exception to the rule. Thousands of 
amateur producers will stake their limited 
capital in brooding baby chicks and in 
rearing pullets this coming spring and 

The general economic status of the 
industry continues to look promising. A 
reduction in the poultry population over 
the past two years with its accompanying 
reduction in the volume of poultry and 
eggs produced, has been helpful. The 
recent tendency of grain to advance in 
price will have a general helpful effect, 
even although it may slightly increase the 
cost of feeding the birds, the higher price 
received for grajn will encourage farmers 
to produce and feed more i)oultry, prin- 
cipally through the restoration in con- 

3Ir. Poultry Producer, 10.'?2 is a clean 
page, without a mark of any kind upon it. 

Its future is largely up to you. Your 
vision, your initiative and ambition, your 
business ability and your confidence in 
America, and in American institutions, as 
measured by your willingness to drive 
ahead on a normal production program, 
will determine what VXV2 holds in store 
for 3'ou. Xow is the time for the greatest 
optimism in the poultry industry than 
conditions have warranted for a number 
of years. 


The guarantee that has 
appeare<l on the title 
page of Everybodys Poul- 
try ^lagazine for more 

Confidence ^^^^^ i' y^"-^^'^ ^^'-^^ ""''^"* 

to every subscriber exact- 
ly what this guarantee has expressed. This 
publication does not want the advertising 
j>atronage of any advertiser who does not 
fully intend to give full value for value 
received in his dealings with subscribers 
of this publication. 

In writing advertisers, plainly state 
that you read their advertisement in 
Everybodys. They will appreciate it and 
so will the publishers. Place your orders 
for baby chicks in particular, sufticiently 
earlv that a definite date mav be set for 
delivery. Be prepared to handle them 
inmiediately on delivery. No matter how 
good the chicks may be, that first handling 
of them is very important. 

May we suggest that in writing adver- 
tisers vou st^ite that you are a subscriber 
to Everybodys. The advertiser will appre- 
ciate this information as will the pub- 
lishers of Everybodys. Incidently it will 
be to the mutual advantage of all con- 
cerned. Just say "I read your advertise- 
ment in Everybodys." The advertiser so 
often is reminded of that fact that his 
every effort is to make another Everybodys 
reader a pleased and satisfied customer. 



'Kerlin-Quality'S.C. White Leghorns 

Win Staters Highest Award -Gold Medal 
Flock Average 203.9''Profit $5.76 per Bird 

When you order "KERLIN-QUALITY" BABY CHICKS you are not 
getting an unknown quantity. "KERLIN-QUALITY" BABY CHICKS 
and BREEDING STOCK have "made good" in Every State, Every 
Canadian Province and 24 FOREIGN COUNTRIES. Over 60,000 
customers have proved their merits. 

^1 j%ti#| ThinLI Go back into history— now long have 

OlOP 3110 I ninilB you been reading advertisements? 
How many Leghorn breeders that advertised 20 years ago, yes, even 
10 years ago, are in business today? There's a reason and you know 
the answer. 

We have bred S. C. W. Leghorns since 1900— well over 30 years. We 
have grown from a $50 investment to a $250,000 enterprise. During 
all these years our only business has been the developing, 
breeding, trapnesting and improving our White Leghorns. 

Today, the World's Great 
Money-Making Strain 

Where else, in all the world, will you find a more profit- 
able strain of White Leghorns that are sold at so fair a 
price? Customers raise OS^^o to 100% to maturity— report 
flock averages from 243 to 283 eggs with individuals over 
300 eggs. Pullets lay 26 oz. eggs at 5 months. 

Joe Ostrowski, Newfield, N. Y., made $2,567.84 profit on 1000 chicks above 
their cost and feed— Mrs. Stella Lord, Binghamton, N. Y., made $5.66 profit per 
pullet on a 500 chick order— Chas. Mayhall, Rockport, Ind., reports $5.18 each 
profit on 169 pullets (one laid 306 eggs). 

Order Famous "KERLIN-QUALITY" 

Chicks Now! 

Don't guess! Consider actual proven facts. "KERLIN- 
OUALITY" breeding stock is MOUNTAIN BRED— strong, 
vigorous and healthy. Get "KERLIN-QUALITY" BABY 
CHICKS this season and KNOW the difference. Prices are 
amazingly low— with a liberal discount for placing order early. 


Kerlin's Grand View Poultry Farm, 204 Walnut Road, Centre Hall, Pa. 

stop **K€eping ChUkmsT^Vtt **K€rUn-QuaUty* Chickens -K**? YW 



y^ith every 100 
chicks ordered 

Kerlin Leghorns 
Win Againl 

The Penna. Dept. of Agriculture, 
at the State Farm Products Show, 
Harrisburg, awarded Frank P. 
Lemmon (see his picture above) 
with both GOLD and BRONZE 
Medals for the suoeriority of his 
-KERUN-QU ALU Y" Leghorns. 
This was a State-wide contest.over 
800 flocks competing and these 
awards have been declared the 
highest honors in the State. 

Mr. F. P. Lemmon ordered 400 
lost only six (6)— that's raising 
98'/i% to maturity. They show a 
profit above cost of chicks and 
all feed of $5.76 per bird. 

More Proof of Health- 
Vigor— Amazing Profits 

In the recent Poultry Tribune 
Cash Prize Chick Contest, Mr. 
Geo. Baggott, Wyalusing, Pa., 
won FIRST PRIZE -$500 Cash. 
Twenty-seven other Kerlin Cus- 
tomers won Cash Prizes. In the 
Poultry Tribune and our own 
Contest, 117 Kerlin Customers 
won $1635 Cash Prize Money. 
We enter all our customers, each 
year, FREE OF CHARGE, in 
both these Contest*. 

A Very Valuable 
Poultry Guide 

If you are an "old-timer" in the 
chicken business, you know the 
value of good stock. If you 
have never raised chickens be- 
fore, it is all the more import- 
ant that you start with good 
stock — that you can depend 
upon. This valuable book is an 
inspiration, and a guide to all 
who would make more money 
with poultry. 

40 Page 
A Color 






There is no better way 
to insure the best your 
hens can produce in hard 
shell eggs than to keep 


before them all the time. 

On sale at frrd dealers 


New York St. Louis London 




Meat Scrap 

45% to 75% protein 




Bone Meal 

Write for samples and get 
acquainted with our products. 

Independent Mfg. Co. , Bridefbarg, Phila. , Pa. 



All People 

All Places 


All Purposes 

Please turn to inside back cover. 

January in Poultry History 


The Favorite Month For Boston 
Poultry Shows 

Though the firsi special poultry 
shows in the middle of the cen- 
tury were held at Boston, that city 
does not again come into prominence 
in poultry annals until 1871 when it 
followed the example of New York in 
taking a lesson from the experiences 
of the Worcester, Mass., fanciers who 
were the first to develop the modern 
type of poultry show, as told in this 
department last March, and who as 
local patronage of their show declined 
had tried to expand their organization 
to make it a New England institution 
rotating the annual shows among the 
principal cities of that section, but 
with control really centered in the 
group at Worcester. That, of course, 
did not suit other influential poultrj*- 
men, and they proceeded to organize 
the Massachusetts State Poultry As- 
sociation, composed almost wholly of 
breeders in the counties east of Wor- 
cester Co., the purpose being to hold 
an annual show at Boston. 

The organization was made on 
Washington's birthday, February 22, 
1871. The first show opened five days 
later and continued for three days. It 
is to be infen-ed that arrangements 
for it had been made through a 
temporary organization. The next 
show was held in the middle of 
January 1872. From that time until 
1921 promoters of poultry shows at 
Boston staged them, as a rule, to 
come between the 10th and 20th of 
this month. Exceptions were when 
new organizations had to take other 
dates. In all cases, I believe the dates 
for later shows came in the middle 
of January. Preference for this time 
was based on the observation that thii^ 
was the time which best suited all 
classes of patrons of poultry shows. 
The visiting public came out better 
than before, during, or immediately 
after the holidays, and had more 
money to buy what attracted their 
attention. Fanciers had more birds in 
prime condition than at any other 
time. Practical poultrymen had their 
minds made up about work for the 
coming season and were ready to buy. 
Buying at shows in those days was 
mostly buying stock. Credit for the 
discovery of mid-January as the best 
date for poultry shows seems to be 
due to Philander Williams, a mer- 
chant of Taunton, Mass., the first 
president of this Boston Show, and 

prominently identified with later 
shows in the city. 

The Massachusetts Poultry Associa- 
tion held five shows in succession. The 
first two were financially very profit- 
able, then public interest waned. An 
effort was made to revive interest in 
1878 but it was not successful. My 
records show no more poultry exhibi- 
tions at Boston for 12 years. 

The first of these shows was held 
January 19-26, the second January 
12-18. Neither appears to have been 
financially successful. The troubles of 
the management of the 1888 show, 
considered in the light of the fact 
that up to that time it had been 
foun(' impossible to make poultry 
shows anj-Avhere pay their way for 
more than two or three years made 
responsib! • men very reluctant to 
take any part in active promotion of 
a poultry show. 

1891 180.1 

Light Brahma Club Shows 

Records at hand, though giving 
details of all shows give only the dates 
of the first which was held the last 
week in January, and the last, 
January 15-18, 1895. These shows 
were notable from the fact that they 
were held in Faneuil Hall; also be- 
cause they furnish the only instance 
of a specialty club maintaining a 
series of shows independently where 
conditions seemed unfavorable to a 
general poultry- show. To them was 
plainly due much of the credit for the 
then rare skill in breeding which dis- 
tinguished Light Brahma breeders in 
the following years. 

1896 To Date 

In 1895, when there had been six 
shows in succession at New York 
some of the fanciers about Boston 
concluded that it was time to make 
another effort to establish annual ex- 
hibitions at Boston. The prevailing 
considers' iu'i with them, plainly 
stated in the first announcement of 
the first show of the present series, 
held in Mechanics Hall, January 14- 
18, 1896, was the commercial benefit 
of New England breeders of Standard 

It is worth while to note this fact, 
because of the extent to which later, 
and even down to the present time 
many prominent spokesmen for "The 
Fancy" have decried commercialism 
as obnoxious to "true fanciers." 
There are many kinds of commercial- 


ism. Everybody versed in poultry mat- 
ters knows, when he puts his knowl- 
edge in order and draws the inevitable 
conclusion, that there is a species of 
commercialism which is essential to 
the highest success in breeding any 
kind of livestock. 

One passage in the announcement 
is especially worthy of quotation here, 
because it gives in about 70 words 
the grist of the reasons for holding 
poultry shows. It reads — 

"By a successful annual show alone 
can we hope to give the prizes won at 
our exhibition the same importance 
and value for advertising purposes as 
those won at New York and other 
large shows. This is our aim, and we 
hope to give our home breeders, who 
cannot afford the expense of sending 
their birds to Madison Square Garden, 
the same advantages for disposing of 
stock enjoyed by those living near 
New York." 

The New York Show in its first 
three years had hardly any exhibits 
from beyond the nearby areas of New 
York State, New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania. Then it began to attract ex- 
hibitors from greater distances, par- 
ticularly from New England, but in 
1895 the whole number of these was 
less than 30, while the New England 
exhibitors at the Boston Show of 
1897, the second of the series, num- 
bered about 160, these being the 
exhibitors of poultry alone. I have no 
catalog of the 1896 show, hence am 
unable to give the number at that 
show. Coming to Massachusetts in the 
spring of 1897, the first Boston Show 
I attended was that of 1898. This 
show and the two preceding it did no' 
use the large "Exhibition Hall" in the 
Mechanics Building, but were staged 
in Machinery' Hall and the gallery 
over it. After three successful shows 
in these limited quarters the manage- 
ment felt warranted in engaging the 
whole exhibition space, thus getting 
room to display all exhibits to full 
advantage. This was an important 
factor in the growth of the show and 
also in the creation of what may be 
called "the atmosphere" of the Boston 
Show as distinguished from all other 
poultry shows. 

Traditionally among exhibitors of 
Standard poultry from other parts of 
the country the atmosphere and spirit 
of the Boston Show have been held 
to be due to better fellowship among 
the fanciers and to features of the 
show which promote it. This is a par- 
tial view, entirely natural to ex- 
hibitors from beyond the New Eng- 
land boundary, who account for it on 
the grround of their own contacts at 
Boston Shows. The foundations of 
what is peculiar in Boston Shows lay 
in the ancient greater intimacy of 
fancy and utility in this region, and 
in the attitude of fancier promoters 
of Boston Shows, from first to last, 
toward exhibits and features appeal- 
ing to the classes of poultrymen not 
breeding for show room competition. 
PUasf turn to patjc .?.j 

Results Count/ 

For 15 years C.A.Teele 

luu luea. (onkeys Feeds/ 


all your feeds 
with Conkeys 

Conkeya Y-O ia ■ powder 
mntaininfc yrant and end 
liver oil, rich in Vilamina 
A and l> of rod liver oil 
and B of brewern' yeast. 
JuAt mix 2% of Conkeys 
Y-O with your refcular 
feed nnd vralrh results. 
You'll be surprised! 
Write for prices. 

Do/i't break the 
Conkey Cliain 

Start your chirks with 
Conkeys Buttermilk 
Start ina Feed. When 6 
weeks old. rbanfje Kradu- 
ally to t^onkevs (>erTo 
CrrowinK .Mash, and, 
finally, shift to Conkeys 
Oerro EfCK Mash. You'll 
insure rapid growth and 
lots of eggs. 

^'Chicks live, grow fast, and no 
breakdown . . . What more can 
he expected? ^^ writes Mr. Teele 

No niincing of words when Mr. C. A. 
Teele tells of his experience with Conkeys 
Start in<z Feed. Mr. Teele is owner of the 
Teele Suburban Poultry Farms, 219 W. 
10th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio. His con- 
vincing letter follows: 

*'ResuIts are what count. After a close 
check-up for over fift<?eii years on Conkeys 
Buttermilk Starting Feed ... here is the 
result: Satii^factory livability of chirks, 
rapid groHth, and no breakdown. What 
more could be expected? Our customers, 
too, are veil satisfied vith your starting 
feed, your all-mash chick ration, your 
growing mash, as veil as your laying 
muishes and scratch grains.** 

(onkeys Starting FEED-»«hY*0 


Conkeys contains all the elements that baby 
chicks require, including an abundance of but- 
termilk, as well as milk albumen, meat meal, 
etc., scieiitifieally balanced and blended. No 
mixing or guesswork. It keeps the bowels open 
and the digestive tract in a healthy condition. 

Jltalia^ trilh Y-Of Conkeya ia the only atartinff feed 
that romes already vitalised with Y-O, a product rich ia 
the B vitamins of brewers' yeast and the A and l> vitamins 
of rod liver oil. The elusive A and I) vitamins are held 
secure by <x>nkey8 speeial patented proeess. (U>nkeya in the 
proven, safe, Hurressful and complete ration. Try Conkeya 
today. If your dealer cannot supply you, write us. 

6701 Broadway Cleveland, Ohio 

Milla: Cleveland, O.; Tnledn, O.; yebraaka City, Mebr.; 

Itallaa, Tex. 

Gentlemen: I am interested in the following that are 



n Free Poultry Book 

D Buttermilk Starting Feed 

O Gecco Growing Maah 



□ Gecco Egg Mash 
D Conkeys Y-O 

□ Remedy for 


Amdt Laying Battery 



Dirtiest Jol 

Done in 2 MINUTES 

Just think of it I A few turns of one 
crank and all the decks of your battery 
brooders or your hen batteries are com- 
pletely cleared of droppings. No drop- 
ping pans or scrapers to bother with. 

Brooding and Laying Batteries 

Lead the field in eliminating' the 
biggest item of labor connected with 
battery equipment. Other exclusive 
features and a complet-e service that 
assures success from the start. 

FREE Booklet on B«ttcry Manajcment 

Gives many prartloal nuKBf'Htions oil opcrat- 
Ini; Itatterle:! siiccittsriilly. Dcscrllies ARNDT 
KroodlnK aiid Laying Itatterles. natterie& ar« 
the most hnportant recent introdiii'tloti in tlie 
poultO' industry. Get the facts from a quail- 
lied specialist 


Battery Brooding Sincinlist 
Dept 7 235 BernanI St., Trenton, N. J. 

beck'syfam Floor 




V^Oc^> won 


150 CHIC 


, ._-, turkey poolta. BroodaMtolM. 

6 1« 12 wseka. Coleny Coop •!■ ■aminer. Warm in 

_ eoldeit wMtbar. Con* F«w C«nts • we«k to opcr- 
■to. TakMplaM of S SO Broodor Mo«««. EothoalMtiaillT andorMd 
07 oar eamlotaan throocfaoQt tho Unltod Stataa. Boilo Itrooraelf. 
Simpto Blani. temp bratcr M.2(. poatpaid. CIrcwMr Fr*«. 
W . t. BKCK Bom 9 «U».LIV*II. WI«C. 

100^0 Perfect Disinfection 


Tba iBodera, aar* mmj to distroy gcrmi of B.W.D., Co«- 
eidioaia. ate., aUo mitee, nits, worra eipct. Tba Baock 
L Pira-gunbornflkeroaaaa. Eodoraad by promioentaffTicol- 
taral collagaa, poultry apactalisU, and poultrjinen. 
DaliToriaa troni Brooklyn. Chirairo, San Franniru 
Wrtt* torfr** Rhntrated foMer and prtcei. 
. 1 14 Tenth St . . Brooktyn.W.V. 


Your Poultry Partner 


Meeting The Rigors Of Winter 

WITH the advent of real 
winter weather there is 
presented two fundamental 
problems to the poultry keeper. 
The absolute necessity of 
keeping the poultry house dry, 
and of providing the necessary 
protection to the birds against 
extremes of temperature. This 
works out in a very interesting 
way. It is a fact, that a house which 
is properly ventilated will usually be 
dry and if moisture is absent, there 
is not much danger of the birds 
frosting their combs or suffering from 
extremes of low temperature. 

Admit Air 

Fresh air should be admitted to the 
poultry house constantly during 
extreme cold weather just the same as 
in warm weather, in an effort to pass 
out or exchange it for foul moisture 
laden air. The condition of the air 
and the amount of ventilation can be 
determined usually by the condition 
of the litter, and the presence or 
absence of moisture on the walls of 
the house. The litter should be dry at 
all times, and there should never be 
any sweating of the walls. If these 
conditions are not present, more fresh 
air must be provided. Remember 
friends, birds suffer more, and are 
harmed more from dampness, than 
they are by low temperatures. 

Much of the disease which is com- 
mon in poultry flocks in midwinter is 
caused by moisture resulting from 
insufficient ventilation, so open up 
your house and let the fresh air in. 

Fresh Water 

Just a couple of hints regarding 
further cold weather precautions. 
The water must be kept from freez- 
ing. Allowing birds to drink ice water 
is a most injurious practice. Their 
intake of water is curtailed, and its 
chilling effect on their bodies is 
harmful. For this reason some type of 
heated fountain is desirable. There 

are a number of different de- 
signs available. The poultry- 
men should study them and 
adopt that method of heating 
the drinking water that is best 
adapted to his particular con- 
dition. The idea is not to warm 
the water, except to keep it 
above the freezing point. It is 
estimated by research workers 
that providing of water warmer than 
ice water to the poultry flock will in- 
crease egg yield during the winter as 
much as 10 per cent. The water may 
be heated by various electrical ap- 
pliances, by kerosene lamps, or it 
may be provided in a constant flowing 
fountain which prevents freezing. 

Another helpful precaution to pre- 
vent some of the inconvenience of 
cold weather is to sprinkle on the 
dropping boards after each cleaning, 
a thin film of sand. This prevents the 
droppings from freezing on the board, 
facilitates the ease and quickness of 
cleaning, and helps very materially 
in the sanitary care of the house. 

Use Cod Liver Oil 

With the coming of the short win- 
ter days, sunlight is greatly curtailed. 
Now is the season when cod liver oil 
fed in moderate quantities to laying 
hens is worth while. It supplies that 
essential element vitamin D which is 
so important in maintaining health 
and productivity. 

Cod liver oil should be provided in 
all laying rations to the extent of at 
least two to four per cent of the 
total ration. It can be supplied in a 
number of ways. Either in a moist 
crumbly mash fed each day in 
troughs, or it can be mixed in dry 
mash and kept before the birds almost 
continuously. It is especially valuable 
to breeders where a high fertility and 
strong hatchability is desired. 


Also, lest we forget the importance 
of alfalfa in the breeding and laying 

"^^idwinter management of the poultry flock affects moat 
vitally all questions of health and productivity. January 
results have a very important bearing upon the general profit- 
ableness of the poultry enterprise during the balance of the 
year to follow. It pays to watch the birds closely and give them 

special care and attention. 





t PER ^ 

» — — *i 




Copper Steel 

The Freight 

/- '-^v 




Now You Can Save HALF Your Fence Money 

This amazing new kind of fence wire is the result of a discovery which makes Brown Poultry Fence 
far more rust-resisting and durable than any fence made in any other way. It's accomplished by using 
the proper percentage of Copper with the Steel. This remarkable process is the result of many years 
experimenting to find a way to conquer rust. Tests made during the past 1 7 years by Steel Manufac- 
turers as well as by world's largest industrial users of steel prove that Copper Steel lasts at least 
twice as long as Non-Copper Steel. Now you can buy this longer lasting Copper Steel Poultry Fence 
at Jim Brown's Factory Prices. Its double life means a saving of half your fence money. 

savmg oi nait your lence money. 

Copper Steel Wire is the finest that can be used in making My Stiff Stay fence has close spaced line wires, close enough 

Poultry Fence. Then I add many EXTRA years to its life 
by covering the Copper Steel Wire with a heavy coat of 
Galvanizing with Pure Zinc. 

Don't buy a rod of poultry fence until you get my catalog 
and learn all about this NEW Longer Lasting fence — see 
how you can buy this BETTER fence Direct From My 
Factory with All Freight Charges Paid at a big saving over 
what you pay for ordinary fence sr^ .Isc! 


Ydu 11 h- acrerpbly surprised >'hcn you get mv catalog to see the 
ntw low <■ Freight Paid price on over 200 Styles of Poultry and 
Farm F^nce, Netting. Gates, ctcel Posts, Barb Wire. I will also 
save you real money on Roofing, Paints, Tires, Tubes, Cream Sep- 
arators. Furnaces, Heaters, Stoves, Fruit Trees, Shrubbery, Baby 
Chicks. Brooders, Poultry Supplies.etc. — 162 pages of Money Saving 
Bargains of Farm and Houscnold needs. 

to turn the smallest chick. The stay wires are 3 in. or 6 in. 
apart. This makes a very stiff fence requiring fewer fence 
posts. My Poultry Netting is also the biggest value obtain- 
able. Galvanized before or after weaving. Every mesh uni- 
form in size. Catalog shows both styles in any height you 
want from 1 2 to 96 inches. Gates of same height to match 
if desired. Also Steel Posts for any height fence. 


^4y New Easy Payment plan enables you 
to get the things you need now and pay 
later. Just make a small down payment 
and pay a little each month. Over a 
million people save money by buying 
direct from Jim Brown. The quality of 
everything you buy from Jim Brown is the 
very best — I guarantee satisfaction — I 


give you 24 hour service. No waiting — 
No delay. MAIL COUPON— Jltn Brwwn 


Jim^Brown's SUPER QUALITY Baby Chicks and 

If you are going to buy Baby Chicks or any- Poultrv ^linnliAc 
thing in the line of Poultry Supplies, by all ■^^"■ "J ^U H|J»eS 

means wait until you get my New 162 page Cut Price ■-,-», -i»^*^„^ d j 

le monev vou can save. mCUDaXOrS, iSrOOderS 




Catalog and see the money you can save 
My Baby Chicks are from high producing flocks — every 
'^ chick FIRST quality and 100% live delivery guaran- 
My prices save you a lot of money. Over 4,000,000 sold to 

Battery Brooders 

my list of customers — everybody delighted — read what custom- VUim-^ ta^^*.t^^ ^K^ jii. 
ers say in my catalog. 5| >^0*"ng ^-*^ ^ 

Every poultryman will be delighted with the EXTRA low prices Gl*?*,^'®*** 
on everything in Poultry Supplies shown in my New Catalog. Be IWetal 
sure to send for it before you buy. — Jim Brown. NestS 






SC White 

Sold Under New 

Double Guarantee ' 

1100% of chicks you ordfr roust be 
• alive at end of two weeks. 
Q Lord Farms Chicks mu^t pay out 
^* better than any other chicks you 
may order elsewhere. 

Our customers make more 
money than other poultrymen 
because they have better stock. 
Buy your chicks from a real 
breeder at a reasonable price. 

Poultry Book FREE 

Our Year Book has \>een entirely re- 
written and illustrated with fresh 
views taken on our 380-acre farmn. It 
explains how we maintain the greatest 
poultry breeding farm in the Eastern 
States and breed the world's choicest 
S. C. White Leghorns. Write for your 
copy — FREE if you live East of the 
Mississippi River. 

63 Forest Road 
Methuen, .MasE. 




Go into chick raising in a 
big way this season — big 
production — big eggs — big 
birds — big profits. Prospects 
look bright for poultr>- peo- 
ple — let nothing stop you — 
forge right ahead — lay a 
solid foundation — buy 

America's Greatest Laying Strain 

of Barred Plymouth Ro<ks. Carefuliy 
selected, trapnested and jiedigreed for 
eggs and standard qualities since 1889. 
Customers report 357 eggs in one year 
— 148 eggs in 148 days — i)ullets laying 
at 90 days — profits up to 8.09 per hen 
— flock averages of 200 to 271. Every 
chick and egg backed by many genera- 
tions of 20(t to 3<t0 egg breeding. 
PARKS STRAIN customers protected 
by U. S. Registered trademark. Don't 
buy until you have read Parks' Fret 

Box £ Altoona, Pa. 


finished reading this January issue of 
Everybodys turn to inside back cover 
page, please. 


WT/^ Write for our special prices before 
Kl I -m you buy White Leghorn Chicks anv- 
M^M.\^ where. Ferris Chicks are the big fluny 
r|f c^ kind that jump out of the box when 
~^^L, yougetthcmand they have 31 years of 
COUNT egg breeding back of them. Shipped C. 
•Pffx^ O. D. anywhere; guaranteed to reach 
you safely, insured for 30 days. Ferri! 

MQKTff Chicks have years of trapnesting and pcd 

ou safely, insured for 30 days. Ferris 

Jhicks have years of trapneetinx and pcd- 
iarree breeding back of them. Thousanas of 

eostomera order tbem year after year because they pro- 
dor* pullcta thmt ar« areat wfnt«r layrra. £ir« con*c«t records 
|oSM»aa«.Yoac«oal«oa«t pulleta.beoa.«dp«re. 
■atcblBc ta»- Postcard briDg* cataJoc ana cumptota inf urmatioo. 

Geo. B. Ferris, 921 Union. Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Mr. Ferris: — Send me your catalog and Bpe<rial sa'e 
bulletin and quote nM lowest price on tbe following: 

A'o. Chicka^ 

Date uintcd- 



ration, it will do no harm to again 
mention the importance of this pro- 
duct, fed either as alfalfa meal or 
short cut alfalfa as a means of in- 
creasing the vitamin content of the 
ration and supplying those very essen- 
tial elements which are so abundantly 
found in green feeds of all kinds. 
Alfalfa is known for its properties of 
increasing hatchability. Alfalfa in 
from five to ten per cent of the ration 
is a good adjunct to any feeding 

Hen Batteries 

Hen batteries or devices whereby 
hens are kept in individual compart- 
ments, each bird being provided with 
drinking water and feed, is increasing 
rapidly in popular favor. A number of 
very efficient hen batteries are now 
being constructed commercially. The 
pronounced advantages of isolating 
one bird from another, thus prevent- 
ing many vices such as cannibalism, 
feather eating, egg eating, etc., in- 
dicate a grreat future for this plan. 
They also make possible the very 
economical housing and handling of 
large number of birds with a mini- 
mum amount of labor. While this 
method of keeping laying hens is in 
its infancy and it is possibly too 
early to predict a future expansion 
of this program, it is however never- 
theless safe to say that the rigid con- 
finement of layers in individual coops 
or pens under very intensive con- 
ditions is bound to be the next big 
commercial step in the immediate 
future. I would advise every up and 
coming poultryman to watch this 
practice and if possible to try it out 
in a very limited way to get 
acquainted with its problems. 

Remember, January is the begin- 
ning of the breeding season. Don't 
forget those special matings. Give 
that incubator equipment a most 
complete and thorough disinfection, 
and get a good number of early 
chicks. May January be a satisfactory 
and profitable month for you. 

Quinea Fowls 

A. E. G., Pennsylvania. — We do not 

know of anyone "raising Guineas by 
the thousand." To the present time 
their place in economic poultry keep- 
ing is as a stock supplementary to 
fowls on farms which aflFord the 
opportunity for them to range beyond 
the areas which the chickens use, in 
sections where the winters are short 
and usually moderate. Information on 
guineas may be had in any general 
work on poultry. The only special 
publication relating to them is 
Farmers Bulletin No. 1391 of the 
United States Department of Agricul- 
ture which may be obtained without 
cost by writing that Department at 
Washington, D. C. 

If any of our readers know of large 
operations in Guineas it would doubt- 
less interest others as well as Mr. G., 
for them to tell us about it. 

Blue Andalusians 

A. D., Maryland The class at the 

last Madison Square Garden Show in- 
dicated a lot of interest among 
breeders of Standard exhibition Blue 
Andalusians, being the largest class 
of one color variety in the show. 
Advertising of the variety is quite 
limited, and usually confined to the 
early months of the year. Watching 
our classified ads will enable the sub- 
scriber to get in touch with breeders 
offering stock for sale. 

Toulouse Qeese 

W. M. M., Florida. — The only way 
positively to tell the sex of geese is 
by the behavior of the birds. There 
are, however, many cases where males 
distinctly masculine in appearance 
and females distinctly feminine in 
appearance are readily identified. The 
uncertainty relates to the masculine 
looking females and effeminate males, 
especially when one happens to have 
that combination. One gander will 
mate with from one to four females. 
The tendency is to pair, and a gander 
in his first year will often mate only 
with a single goose. Older birds will 
usually mate with one or more geese 
placed with them. But apparently 
some of the females want a mate to 
themselves and will not mate readily 
with a polygamous gander. 

Vicious Hen 

F. J. G., New York.— To stop the 
head picking in your flock it is neces- 
sary to identify and remove the bird 
which starts it. Usually in so small a 
flock there is but one hen with this 
vicious disposition, but when she 
starts picking the head of another, 
others will join in. When you remove 
the injured bird and return her when 
the head is well, you have not touched 
the cause of the trouble. The "bad 
hen" may be good for a while but 
sooner or later will repeat the per- 
formance. No matter how good she 
may be individually, apart from her 
viciousness, she should not be kept 
and should not be used as a breeder. 

Keeping Poultry Manure 

H. D. D., Connecticut. — There is a 
very comprehensive article on the 
value, care and use of poultry manure 
in the issue of this magazine for 
August 1931. If you have a file with 
that number you will find your ques- 
tion fully answered there. The best 
that can be done here is to reply to 
your question as to holding manure 
until spring. This can be done in 
boxes or barrels, or if you have a 
considerable amount it is worth while 
to make a pit or shed, the pit of 
course to be roofed over, where it can 
be spread enough to prevent heating, 
and forked over at intervals if that 
seems necessary to help check fer- 
mentation. For the same purpose, 
boxes or barrels used for storage 
should not be tight, but provide some 

'4 $■ 

I i 


Testing For B. W. D* 

W. G., New York. — As stated in 
this department a few months ago, 
testing for bacillary white diarrhea 
has been developed to the point where 
an intelligent poultryman can use the 
test with considerable reliability, 
though not of course with the cer- 
tainty and authority of official tests 
by expert bacteriologists. The banefit 
of this is that it enables the poultry- 
man himself to eliminate most of the 
affected birds, reducing the number to 
be submitted to official test and the 
expense. Further home testing may be 
all that is wanted by a poultryman 
who is not selling stock or eggs for 

Chicken Pox 

G. A. R., Georgia. — The symptoms 
you describe are unmistakably those 
of chicken pox. The best up to date 
method of curing this contagious di- 
sease is to treat with a vaccine. Many 
modern and careful poultrymen vac- 
cinate their entire flocks, and in this 
manner, prevent the contraction of 
the disease. If it once gains a foothold 
in a flock, it spreads quickly, there 
are advertisers of chicken pox vaccine 
in the columns of this magazine. You 
will find each of them reliable. 

Defective Bone Qrowth 

J. S. P., Virginia. — Mr. P. has a 

flock of Plymouth Rock pullets which 
grew large, fat and heavy. At the age 
of about four months some of them 
began to show leg weakness when on 
range. When put in the laying house 
the flock, all selected for size and 
apparent good condition, soon began 
to lay, but after a few weeks some 
began to get top-heavy and in a few 
days to lose the use of their legs. 
Killing and opening some of them, 
Mr. P. found the bone structure de- 
fective. This is a case requiring expert 
investigation on the spot. Though the 
details of feeding are not given, the 
general statement of treatment of the 
stock warrants the inference that they 
were fed rations presumably contain- 
ing mineral matter sufficient for nor- 
mal birds. If so, the question raised 
is one that has recently been sug- 
gested by several investiators of feed- 
ing problems; whether there are birds 
»o constituted that they do not assimi- 
Irte some of the essential elements. 
This is a question for scientific study. 
The practical question for Mr. P. is 
how many of his birds are affected, 
and what difference is there as to 
breeding and circumstances during 
growth between normal and diseased 
birds. The usual difficulty in getting 
at facts like these is the absence, or 
indefiniteness of essential informa- 
tion. People rarely make even ordi- 
nary observations on such matters in 
the ordinary course of poultry keep- 
ing. It may be said for the assurance 
cf others who have like experiences, 
that most of the similar cases reported 
to us by those who suppose the trouble 





larger eggs 

Kerr breeding stock has a reputa- 
tion not only for the large number, 
but for the large size of their eggs. 
In the egg-laying contests last year 
— including specialty breeder en- 
tries from the whole United States 
— Kerr entries were among the first 
25 to receive awards for number 
and size of eggs laid. Reports from 60,000 chicks sold last year 
showed a loss of less than 5% at three weeks of age. Special dis- 
counts on early orders. Write for Free Chick Book with price list. 

Dapt. N 


Kerr Chickeries, Inc. french7own, n. j. 



». N. J. 
. N.f. 

Binghamton, N. Y. 
Middletown. N. Y. 
E. Syracuse. N. Y. 

Schenectady, N. 
Lancaster, Pa. 
Danbury, Conn. 

LrOwell, Mass. 
W. Springfield, 




you can get our famous Bloodtested Breeds at the 

same price or even less? ca.simi,m«*^ 

FOUR departments of the U. S. Gov't, and thousands of satisfied cus- 
tomers have purchased our chicks. Our chicks all from the famous 
T««crod, Wyckoff, Fishel, Thompson, Holterman, and other finest blood- 
lines. You can find nothing better to start or rebuild a profitable flock, 
nothing better for even broilers, because these world famous breeds grow 
larvet;, mature quicker, and lay better. Our guarantee is behind every 
chick shipped. Our enormous capacity makes these low prices possible. 

Wsrite today for our big FB££ COLOB PLATE BOOK full of valuable information every 



poultry raiser should have. Also learn about our guarantee to live offer. 
TJOOEB PREPAID — February Delivery 25 50 100 500 1000 WRITE 

S. C Wta., Br., Bf. Leghorns, Anconas ...|2.00 $3.50 96.75 f33.50 $67 

Bi*., Wh. Rocks, S. C. R. I. Reds 2.25 4.00 7.75 38.50 77 

BJ. itocks, Wli., Bf. Orps. 1 _ __ . __ _ „. .-/,„«« 

Wt., Col.. S. L. Wyandotte. f *-*0 *-^5 »■<>« *5.00 90 

Jeroey Black Giants S.50 6.25 12.00 58.00 116 

AsBDrted. No Cripples 1.50 2.50 4.50 22.50 

Mixed, Heavy Breeds 2.00 3.50 6.75 33.50 

Tor January Delivery add Ic Par Chick to Above Prices 





309 EGGS 
26 OZ 

^^e have developed our Legborns for hifch pro- 
^'^ duction and at the Rame time we have given 
careful attention to egg size of individual bird. Our 
3500 certified breeders are from blood lines with 
records up to 307 eggn and are mated to R. O. P. 
males 250-.'}09 ejjKs. 

FREE CHICKS ^'^JJol^^*^^ 

Wo are makinc a gpeclal offer tlii> yrar to llinse (iFslrtiiK 
to cpt extra rhicks l>y plaoiiiK tlirlr orders early. It 
«111 pay yi>ii to ifet in Uiwh wltti u» If ywi a e Ih^nkiiig of 
buying ctiir*s of high prmluclnK Block. Prlo?* are l"W. Write 
today for raialoK "Truths Atxnit Warrtm Farm riilcks." 




b. C. K. L 



Largest R. I. Red Farm in 
the World. Every one of our 
16,000 breeders have been state tested j 
for B. W. D. Twenty-one years of 
breeding make our Reds outstanding j 
in health, uniform growth, vigor, and i 
egg production. ' 

Buy your 1932 chicks from our m^*\ntni\ r* 1 nmf 

f.''.".?r.r'"Fr.r».il;rctr.„ REDBIRD FARM 

^^.^.c^.u^u^_ WRFWTHAM MASS. 



CIcanintil More 


es another SIMPLEX 

. J>rise the poultry world. 

SIMPLEX, already (ar in the lead 

wiifi a record at savins 70% ope'at- 

ing costs 90% labor, 20 to 

60%'^ick losses and raising 

livlier, healthier, 

more profitable 

2^^^^m MIUIH chicks, intro- 
9 fiWrlnlM duces 3 great new 
9 gmjumn features. 
Thousands of poultry raisers and hatchery men 
know SIMPLEX, and how for 21 years it hag been 
the outstanding achievement in chick raising If 
|>oultry has been less profitable to you than toothers, 
if you are not acquainted with the proven, guuran- 
tt-ed suner-qualitiesof the world's foremost Brooder 
Stove, lose no time in sending the coupon below. 
Know about this new and greater standard of 
JiltOODKU STOVE quality at once 

Dept.730] Grand Rapids, Mich. 


^ Orand Rapids, Mich. 

Please send me, at once, as checked 

D New. Improved Simplex LItcraturs 
D Simplex 30 Day Trial Guarantee Offer 
U Book on Succesulul Poultry Raisins 
Q Simplex Improve<l Brooder House Plana 
O Name of Nearest Simplex Dealer 




lUe the Acme Ego Grading 
Scale for blticcr pioiiis. 1°. 8. 
Govt., 100 Stale in^liUi'iuiis, 
poultry nsgot-lallims all ui* it. 
Made of aluminum. DuraVIe 
—no spriiigi or weights— no 
•djiislrawit's Exart i:ra<!o 
ai>i>ears iiigtantly. Money back 

The Specialty Mfg. Co. 

2360 University Ave. 
St Paul, Minnesota 

Quick — Automatic — Accural* — Easily Read 

For Incubators and Brooders 

Accarata, Easy to Raad. Mercury is eiKhted against bright 
red coluoin, aToidixia coetly errors. Single Inrubstor Tber- 
nooietor, $1; Dos., \t, poetpaid. Write fortrea illus. folder 




For $4.96. including heater, you * ^^^ 

ran build the simplest, most 
satisfiictory, and best brooder ever made. Wind 
proof, fire proof, rat proof, fool proof. Can be 
built by anyone in an hour with saw and ham- 
mer. iTioiisands in use. Directions for build- 
ing easy to follow. Send 10c for plans. 
i rUTNAM Bouta 115-B ELmlra, N. Y. 

affects the whole flock turn out to be 
cases where the proporton of affected 
birds is small, and the trouble appar- 
ently referrable to one individual or 
one family in the breeding flocks. 

Voor Breeding Qander 

R. F. G., Maryland. — This sub- 
scriber has a gander and two geese. 
The gander mated last year with only 
.one goose. Of 25 eggs set only four 
produced goslings. It is not stated 
whether eggs were set from the goose 


the gander disliked. In any case the 
poor results indicate that it is better 
to change the gander. The writer 
would advise buying a young gander 
to replace him. There is a very com- 
mon belief that young ganders and 
young geese, too, produce few or no 
offspring. It seems to be based on ob- 
servation of cases where the birds did 
not mate. I would rather have a 
young gander never mated than take 
the chance on an old bird separated 
from his former mates. 

Making the Most of High Record Hens 

Continued from pa ye 11 

From this it will be seen that a 24 
ounce egg has a value of one. As 
the egg decreases in size its point 
value decreases. As it increases in 
size above 24 ounces per dozen its 
point value increases. It would be a 
good thing if more poultrymen on 
their own farm weighed eggs oftener, 
especially where they are doing trap- 
nesting, and discarded from the trap- 
nests birds which persistently lay 
undersized and unsatisfactory eggs. 

Heavy laying hens after they have 
completed their pullet production, are 
extremely valuable individuals, I have 
often been asked to evaluate a 300- 
egg hen, whose eggs averaged or 
exceeded two ounces each. I have 
frequently put it a $1000 as a mini- 
mum. If we were to consider potential 
breeding and advertising possibilities, 
far more than this figure would be 
the result. Having just passed through 
long months of strain in continuous 
heavy production, the hen is in need 
of special care and attention. One 
should never expect to bring heavy- 
lajnng pullets through a quick moult, 
with a short rest and then back into 
heavy production early the following 

The best and safest procedure is 
to take these birds as soon as they 
have made their record, whether it is 
in November or December, or even 
January, place them in specially pro- 
tected houses, preferably colony 
houses, out on some green, open 
field, where there is an abundance of 
grass and vegetation, where they will 
be protected from extremely cold 
weather on the perches at night, but 
where they can get out-of-doors every 
day just as much as they wish. Do 
not crowd them, only putting a few 
together in a small flock, feed them 
rather heavily of grain, although 
keeping a good laying mash to which 
has been added an excess amount of 
oatmeal, or ground oats, corn meal 
and wheat bran before them con- 
tinuously. Cut their protein con- 
sumption, especially meat scrap, down 
quite materially, see that they are 
protected from theft from rodents 
and other animals, and just let them 

During this resting period, they will 
rather rapidly drop their old plumage 
and put on a new coat of feathers. 

While they are growing this new coat 
of feathers, be sure that they have at 
least 10% oil meal in their mash. If 
you have some sunflower seeds to 
feed them, all the better, and if it is 
late in the winter and they cannot 
get green succulent feed naturally, 
provide it, in the form of cabbages, 
mangled beets or germinated oats. 

In other words, remember that 
these valuable hens, if they are to 
remain valuable, must be allowed a 
considerable rest period to recuperate 
from the effort and strain of their 
heavy producing period and they must 
be gotten back into what we might 
call perfect breeding condition. Dur- 
ing this rest period what will happen? 
The hens will first of all grow a new 
coat of feathers, they will put on 
weight and here they should be 
watched carefully to see that they do 
not put on too much weight, or get 
great layers of fat in the abdominal 
regrion. This can be prevented by pro- 
viding sufficient exercise, by keeping 
the birds out-of-doors and watching 
the amount of carbohydrates in their 
feed. During this same time they are 
restoring the yellow pigment in their 
bodies and if allowed the exercise 
necessary they will become muscular, 
rugged and hard, and thus be re- 
stored to good breeding condition. 

Never light these heavy laying hens 
to bring them back into production 
quickly until they have had at least 
a good two months rest period, and 
even then it is a question as to 
whether it is wise to force these 
superior birds back into production 
again until they are ready to lay nor- 
mally and naturally. As soon as the 
resting period is over, the superior, 
heavy layers should be critically 
examined and carefully studied and 
appropriate matings made with males 
of known pedigree and ancestry. De- 
tailed mating records should be kept, 
year after year, so that one may know 
just which combination of blood lines 
produces the best results in the way 
of production. Do not try to make 
too large flocks. Five or six females 
with one male may often be a far 
superior mating, than double or 
triple this number. There is always 
the possibility of individually con- 
fining the females in small pens with 




outside runs and stud mating them 
by placing the male in the various 
pens from day to day depending upon 
how they are to be mated. 

These high record hens should be 
trapnested again during the breeding 
season, every egg carefully marked 
with the identity of the hen which 
laid it and the mating, the eggs should 
be carefully pedigree hatched, either 
in wire baskets or cheese cloth bags 
and the resulting chicks wing-banded 
or toe punched with sufficient record 
to give their identity. In other words, 
if a high-record hen is to be of any 
value as a breeder, that value rests 
first of all in her physical condition, 
her ability to produce eggs with 
strong germs and good hatchability, 
and secondly, it depends upon the 
detailed care which one uses in care- 
fully identifying the projeny resulting 
from such hens. It is up to every 
poultryman to work these details out 
in the most effective possible way 
under his particular conditions. It is 
only fair to say that every high record 
hen may not prove to be the breeder 
or the parent of high record 
daughters. Suffice it to say there is a 
strong possibility that she will be, 
and the only way to prove a fact is by 
the making of careful matings and 
records, and the testing of the result- 
ing daughters under trapnest con- 

Advertising Value 

The story of the high record hen 
would not be complete if we did not 
say just a word about the high value 
of her records from an advertising 
standpoint. Any bird in the contest 
which averages to lay 200 eggs or 
better has a potential advertising 
value. If the record exceeds this point, 
the potential advertising value be- 
comes just so much grreater. The win- 
ning pen in any contest or the high 
pen for the respective breeds in any 
contest, possesses still greater news 
value and advertising advantage. Pen 
or flock winnings have greater adver- 
tising value than individual winnings, 
although the possession of a bird 
which has laid the gn'eatest number of 
eggs in the contest, or has led her 
particular breed or variety, is of 
public interest, making good news 
stories, readable advertising copy and 
the public is always interested in the 
phenominal, in the individual which 
has done something beyong the aver- 
age. A 300-egg hen, for example, 
possesses advertising possibilities 
which if intelligently used ^ill go a 
long ways toward selling the product 
of the poultry farm on which she was 
bred and reared. 

Let us not forget the two great 
potential possibilities of heavy laying 
birds, namely, breeding possibilities 
and sales advantage, and at the same 
time let us remember if we are to 
utilize these factors effectively, great 
care must be used to preserve and 
develop and safeguard the physical 
condition of such individuals. 





WITH enough Vitamin D in her ration the hen 
stores a supply of this vitamin in every egs she 
la^fs^even during heavy proauction. Then as the egg is incubated 
the developing chick uses this Vitamin D to assimilate calcium 
and phosphorus (finom both the egg and the shell) and becomes 
a stronger chick. Experiments have proved this. 

Strong, livable chicks and good hatchability go hand in hand. 
Vitamin D has a direct effect on both. It is essential also for strong 
eu shells, heavy egg production, and for eggs of superior food 

Nopco Cod Liver Oils offer a dependable, measured, and eco- 
nomical source of Vitamin D. These oils are biologically tested 
for both Vitamins A and D. When fed as recommended with an 
otherwise properly balanced ration, Nopco provides adequate 
Vitamin D Mritn a margin of safety. 

See your dealer for either of these Nopco |irands — write us if 
be cannot supply you. 

Nopco Cod Liver Oil FoRXinED in Vitamin D Potency 
Nopco DD Cod Liver Oil 

Ask for them by name and be sure you get what you ask for. 

If you feed commercial masheb be sure they con- 
tain Nopco X or Nopco XX. For economy and de- 
pendability (coat only a few centa per sack of maah) 


■1st upon N< 
guarantee rcrtil 

lopco in your mashes. Look for the 


ite or tag In or on each bag. 




StoiJ YourChick Losses 

Magic Brooder 

Supplies Pui 

Saves Chicks! 

Air and Even Heat 

Coal gas anil chilling are the two 
worst enemies of baby chicks. Magic 
Brooder has a special Gas Chamber 
which gathers the coal gas and dis- 
charges it into the chimney. A 
simple and deponilsMa Regulator 
s<isiire<i even hoat. nieht and day. 
Witli Ma^ic Broodrr you can raise 
Kebniary and March chicks suc- 

Writs for the MAGIC 
Brooder Catalog — free 


315 Penninfton Ave.. Trenton. New Jersey 



John H. Robinson's new book "Poultry Possibilities" tells you just that. Profusely illuMrated. 
paper bound: it comes FREE with a four yaar for a dollar subscription to EVERYBODYS 
-5Si^£.°'" °*™* *"° address, along with a dollar bill, to EVBSYBODTS POXJLTET UAOA- 
ZIKE, Box 286. Hanoyer. P». -«».«« 



Women in the Home and on the Farm 


Aprons, Rugs and Curtains 

When Grandma wanted to "dress 
up" she wore a stiffly starched white 
ruffly apron. Her working apron was 
a full length gingham one, edged with 
a double full ruffle and tied with wide 
long ties. Nowadays, the small trim 
looking prints with bright bindings 
run through the mangle or from under 
the common iron in less than no time. 
Aprons of today serve as a dress pro- 
tection while we are in working action 
and they add to the neat appearance 
rather than an indication of household 
drudgery. The plain slip-on style with 
crossed straps and no ties would shock 
Crandma were she to see the small 
space they occupy on the clothes rack. 

However, we still follow her habit 
or dressing up the house during the 
^nter months. Right in keeping with 
making the year's supply of gay 
aprons, are the frivolous kitchen cur- 
tains. You know, poultry folks find 
wonderful possibilities for using up 
the feed sacks which are regarded as 
something for nothing. Their cost is 
figured in the poultry account, not the 
house bills. When they are bleached 
out and edged with a t)retty binding 
of brilliant hue, or the bands of dotty 
prints or gingham, wfe feel the kitchen 
windows are right up to date. 

Rugs, rugs! Last winter everybody 
seemed to be making rugs. Not all 
needlepoint ones, either. A few bright 
dyes work wonders with a stack of 
feed sacks and what pretty even rugs 
result! The average country rag bag 
no longer provides rich stores for rug 
making so we rely on the feed sacks. 
These may be cut in such even 
widths that it is a pleasure to watch 
the rugs grow as we ply either the 
crochet hook or pull thro needle. 

The new idea is for covers for chair 
seats. Pulled through designs are low 
in price at any department store and 
either the feed sack material or old 
silk stockings answer for the filling. 
Delicate tints carry out color schemes 
for bedrooms and are well worth 
making, when dyeing is such a simple 

America's women are returning to 
needlework which means the restora- 
tion of the fireside and the family 

Bleaching Feed Sacks 

To remove printing from feed 
sacks, soak in soapy water for an 
hjur or two then place in a boiler 
with two tablespoon fu Is of lye and 
three of Klorox to every 15 quarts 
of cold water. Boil for an hour, re- 
move from fire and when cool enough 

Leisure In The New Year 

Xf/.U' YKAIi'S rctiohitioua an stiH 
•'^ in. the mukhuj, and I irondcr if 
the question of frixurc has hrr» in- 
cluded by the Inisif uotueu folkx irho 
read thin page? 

At a reee.nt ntate uieetiuij. ve irere 
told that the matter of leixure teas 
purettf fl personal prohlem. lilame 
was extended rather than sinnpathii 
for the itonian who sai/s *7 nerer 
have a minute to myself." 

True, the well stoeked fruit 
shelves attest to her faithfulness in 
seuKdu : vacation days and picnics 
made possible by mother's sacrifice: 
the farm hands praise the wonder- 

ful dinners prepnrtd by her and so 
on throuffh the year a suecesxion of 
thouyhtfuhusx and deninlx. Hut in 
the liyht of theme busy days ix it not 
a mistake to entirely overlook « 
certain duty to oneself f 

An air ttf martyrdom ix no lontjer 
accepted. liy employiny labor xaviny 
equipment, a Iwtter arrantpment of 
workiny xpace and the application 
of yood buxincKS methods in the 
round of daily tasks, ouyht to mean 
more leixurr. The woman nho can 
arratuje to have at least, a half hour 
daily at her own disposal, dixplayx 
the riyht attitude. Just a wink of 
slerp, a frw hiinutex at h<r faroritc 
bit of fancy work, anotlnr rhaptir 
of that abxorbiny book, th*' nrrd*'d 
manicure, the treat of a frexh 
shampoo or a hoxt of fhinys whirh 
will add either to hi r pcrsonnf 
charm or mental developnnnt. A 
careful outline for the day's pro- 
yram will provide these "yoUUn 
moments" all her own. 

A New Ycar'x rcxolution to re- 
ttuild workiny lime in thr kitcli>n 
may result in reriviny accomplish- 
ments or enhancing personal charm 
for which the family will rixc up 
and call her blessed! 

rub out of this solution. Wash through 
several clean soapy waters and rinse 
thoroughly. This ought to leave them 
entirely clear of printing. 

Weep No More! 

Onions are considered one of the 
most health giving vegetables we have 
and they are particularly tempting in 
zero weather. Their preparation is 
usually one of concern, bringing tears 
to the eyes of the cook. If peeled 
under water this crying effect will be 
lost. Not that it means to don a 
bathing suit, only hold them under 
water while taking off the skin. 

Baked Onions 

Grease a casserole with butter and 
fill with quartered onions. Cover with 
generous lumps of butter, salt, pepper 
and paprika, adding a sprinkle of 
brown sugar, and cover with the 
casserole lid. If the oven is very hot 
or about 400 degrees, they will be 
done in three-fourths of an hour. 
Serve right from the casserole. 

Escalloped Onions 

Fill the casserole with alternate 
layers of boiled sliced onions and 
bread crumbs, seasoning each layer 
with salt, pepper and plenty of but- 
ter. Cover with a small can of to- 
matoes and bake for one-half hour, 
without a cover lid. 

Steamed Pudding 

Perhaps Christmas menus did not 
include a plum pudding and now in 
January you will delight in making a 
steamed one, which includes a new 
vegetable — carrots. The Gas Company 
cooking teacher gave us this recipe 
and I would be delighted to have your 

Shopping Corner 

The items described in the Shopviag Corner 
each month, might add to your comfort or 
convenience*. To Irarn where ttiey may be 
purchased at the pricn quoted, mall a self 
addressed envelope, with a clipping of the 
item or ittmi you with, to Shopping Comer. 
Everybodyt Poultry Magazine, Hanover. Pa. 

COLORED THBEAD — Sewin? time of year 
l.ritufs requests lor colored thread. For a trim 
stitch on dresses, collars or cuflFs and for the 
Lit of sm'xking for the tiny Miss thi.s is the 
thread. For the bol)bin use a heavier common 
thread and fh« 3it yard coliired spool costs 
onlv five cents and comes in all shades. 

CUTTERS — The ease of servini? vegetables 
when nicely cut in slices, shredded or grated I 
Tliis is i»ossi>ile with the wonder set which 
comes in three sizes and costs $1.00. Ar» 
always <ihart> and will la^t a lifetime, never 
disai>!ioin'in< us in the preparation of our 






Colds in Poultry 
Quic kly B anished 

Wheezing, Rattling, Choking, Ends. 
Trouble S topped In 48 Hours 

Readers with colds in their flocks 
should read this letter from Thomas 
Pulliam, Shively, Ky. He says: 

"I have had birds with their eyes closed 
from colds, and have saved them all. One 
cockerel was nearly dead. He lost 5 pounds. 
I gave him Group-Over and in two weeks he 
was full of pep and flghtihg every rooster on 
the place. Why do people let their birds die? 
It's so easy to save them with Group-Over." 

It is amazing how quickly Group-Over ends 
colds in jioultry. A few drops in the nostrils 
usually banishes every symptom over-night — 
while a little in the drinking water, as a pre- 
ventive, guards the whole flock. For a liberal 
supply, send 50c (or $1 for the extra large 
size) to Burrell-Dugger Co., 525 Postal Sta- 
tion Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. As (Jroup-Over 
is guaranteed to do the work or money re- 
funded, it costs nothing to try. 




0«t your FRKE copy of 

Burpee's 1932 Garden Book 

•^world's greatest garJen 

guide. Desorlbeg all best tlowerj 

and vPKetahlPS with 117 NEW 

varieties. Uiindredsof plcturei. 

Planting information. Write 

today. W. Atlea Burpee Co., 

182 Burpee 






I.rfi test style. 



Latest mesh 

bracelet, and 

beautiful ribbon 

strap. Sell 30 pkta. 

Vegetable & flower seeds 

pkt., remit p«T plan in 

catalog. We trust you. 

American Seed Coh, Dcpc C-23 Lancaster, Pa. 





1 1 



Chock-fuU of low prices on the finest Te«e- 
tatile anil flower net'ds for farm and garden 
—also helfful hlriis for early crops and 
highest yield. It's an ewryday aid from 
nciw right through till falL Free to you 
frura the old rt-llatile sei'd house. 
r .^' WM. HENRY MAULE , _ 

J-f ^^*M Maul s Bldg. Philadelphia. Pa. 

imt]^"^ today 



OJi V Allen's Book of Berries 
r I* I Uflls ho w. Deacribes lieet 
■ *•* ▼aileties, methods and 
plants. Write today for free copy. 

52 Market St. Saliebury. M4. 

report on it as I have not yet made 
the test. Her demonstration one was 
delicious although she suggested hard 
sauce. This liquid sauce I believe, you 
will enjoy more. 

% suet 

l^c bread crumbs 

% c grated raw carrots 

2 egg yolk.s 

2-3 c brown sugar 

% lennon rind, grated 

Vi tsp baking powder 


Better Paying Varieties at 
New Lotver Prices. 
TewsMsd's 20tk Ccalur CaUlof. 

Fully illufTrates In colors, 
and truthfully dsecrlbes 
J the most up-to-dsto rarle- 
'tles. Stiawt'eriife, Kaspber- 
. rie' Hla'-kberrie», Orapef, 
'etc. "Pils valuable Book isFsU 
_ _ _ — SPECI.*!' OKKF.K— Send the 

names of filx fmall fruit growers »"t ««*_''' "'»" J °« 
ooui^on for «1 iw worth of plants with y"'"".""" ""^i"' 
i° W.TOWNSEWD « SONS, 30 VIn. SI., S.llsbMr,. H*. 


% tsp vinegar 
*4 c raistns 
V^ c currants 
2 tbsp flour 
% tsp salt 
% tsp cinnamon 
^ tsp cloves 

Chop suet fine, add currant.s, carrot and 
egg yolks (well beaten) ; add sugar, lemon 
and vinegar; dust raisin.s and currants with 
flour; add spices and baking powder anil fold 
in the beaten whites. Steam in half pound 
bilking powder tins or individual cups for an 


Beat two eggs very light, add 1 c sugar 
and beat more. WTiip 1 c cream very stiffly 
and a<ld to the eggs. The secret of success 
with this sauce is to have both the eggs and 
the cream well beaten. 

Cabbage Rose 

A particularly dainty dish for extra com- 
pany or for that drop in luncheon when the 
hostess knows her guests are coming. Removj 
outer leaves from a very small solid cabbage 
head. Turn down the outside leaves in 
rose pf»tal shape. Hollow out the center and 
use this with chopped green peppers or canned 
red ones and celery chopped into bits and 
mixed with a jrood mayonnaise. When ready 
to serve dip this mixture into the cabbage 
rose garnish the top with strips of red pepper 
or slices of hard boiled eggs. This makes a 
real company salad. 

Self-Iced Cake 

Vi cup butter 

1 cup sugar 

hi cup sweet milk 

1 Vi cups flour 

2 teaspoons baking powd<»r 
2 egg whites beaten stiflf 

Put the batter in a shallow pan, cover 
thickly with unsweetene<l chocolate grated 
fine. As soon as taken from the oven sprinkle 
with powdered sugar. 




or repUcemantat H \n\<t. 52 VARIKTIC». IRRW tWW 

poicvc rhicki fowli. B'lPtSira and eouipm«nt. 

BEitkv'S POUiniv ^ARM, BOX 113 , Ciarimla.l<ma 

Lester Tompkins 

The passing away of Lester Tomp- 
kins. Concord, Mass., October 27th, 
in his 71st year removes the last of 
the three men whose joint activitie> 
had most influence on the early de- 
velopment of Standa-d Rhode Island 
Reds, the others being Dr. N. B. 
Aldrich, and Charles M. Bryant, both 
long since deceased. Mr. Tompkins 
was the first breeder of Rhode Island 
Reds to bring out exhibits of quulity 
with distinct strain character accept- 
able to the Red fraternity in those 
days. He was the only one of the great 
exhibitors of that period to continue 
breeding and showing to this time. 
His career was further remarkable in 
that he was born in "the Red District 
of Rhode Island", that the foundation 
of his strain was laid by his father in 
a superior strain of the old farm Reds, 
and that his son Harold Tompkins, 
breeding and showing Reds independ- 
ently, greatly increased the fame of 
the Tompkins' strain and established 
its continuance after its founder's 



net profit 

1 •' _.'_-c"*3. 'a?' 

t;;,.wra»;T3^' , 


■I'' J« >»r .... 

Sell Broilers 

every v/eeUr m year 


Pre* EngiiMM-lns 

Oar KnslnMrs will ptaa 
your rvquiramaota for 
yoo— r«cofnm«od Juat Ui« 
richt aratani and capacity 
for rour particular oaada. 
CouDtlaaa burara have 
found thia aanrleajoat 
■ Wi-' 

what thar wantad. 
for dataila. 


Constructed of Galvanized Steel Thruout is a 
sure profit-maker — capacity 125 finished broilers 
per week. You don't have to quit your other work 
to go into the poultry business with a BROWER 
outfit. Better broilers mean more than market 
prices. Year 'round business. 

Capacity can be increasec/ 

Many styles to select from— Oil, Gas, Electric, 
Coal ana Hot Water models. Made to fit the 
needs of every poultryman or broiler producer. 
Capacity ranging from 100 chicks up. Regardless 
what your requirements are— Brower has just the 
system to fit your individual needs. Largest and 
most complete line of Battery Brooders to select 

ask for Free HBl Battery Brooder catalog. Give 
capacity of plant wanted and our Engineering 
Dept. will gladly assist in planning your require- 
ments. No charge or obligation — this ser\ice is 


Genera/ PUUIJW Supplies 

If Litereated ia G€t»eral Poultry 
Supplies, write for new No. 37 
I9J2— 100 page catalog ■bowing 
the largest an<l mo-nt complete line 
In the world (over 425 items.) 
BrowM- Mfg. Co., D«pt. SSSS 
Quincy, Illinois 


The Premier Hatchers of Hen. Duck, Tur- 
key, Phea.->ant and tjuail. Turning trays for 
all' sized etr^s. Capacities 2iirt to 1440 hen 
e»r<s. Our Battery Broiler Brooders are K^eat 
for Pullet rearinjf. 

Write today for Cntaloy! 


10 Bradley St. 

Buffalo, N. Y. 

Wanted a Subscription Agent in 
Every luwn. 



'iOTLORS The Popularity Of The White Minorca 


Continued from page 7 


We know Taylor's Leghorns will 

make money for you because they 

do it for us. Commercial eggs was 

and is our aim. To accomplish this 

we trapnest over a thousand 

pullets annually. No males used 

out of dams with records of less 

than 240. Year by year our flock 

average has been raised. 


Why be satisfied with less when you can start with the 
best. Wq have spent years amstantly Improving our 
•train. Begin now wlt^ the best. Take advajitago of 
many eeneratlons of pcdlfreed anoestty. It malies bigger 
profits a certainty. 

Get Free Catalog 

Ask for our catalog — better yet 
visit our home of over 4,000 
layers. L<eam about our matliigs. 
Know why you can expect better 
results with Taylor's Leghorns. 
You will be pleased with mod- 
erate prices. Wiite 


Taylor Bros., Owners 
Box 982B Newtown. Pa. 



^^ »e«812 OTTAWA, OHIO 


If tbe contents of this issue of Every- 
bodys prove of value and service to you, 
please turn to inside back cover. 

70 BREEDS and ducks.' ure-bredjiardy, 
blgbquallty and moat protKable. Fowla,Efg«, 
Baby Chlcka and InculMtera at now low 

prices. Amerlca'sKreatpiant— BiDoe 1893. Kew 
,„_ large valuable Poultry book and cataloK FItEE. 

R.F7NEUBERTCo.,Ba885, M«Ut,IIUaa. 



Ferris quality is known the world 

over. Get prices on stock, eggs 

and chicks from the same blood 
Unea aa our fainoua winners at 20 eirR con- 
tests with records to 3:^6 eirirs. Our business' 
is tbe lar^nt of its kind in the world because 
wepleaseour thooBandsof eustoDi'-ra.We ship 
C. O. D. and iruarantee safe arrival and corn* 
plate satisf act ion whereyer you are located. < 



Mr. Ferris 
Send mo 
your now 
catalog & 
and quote 

021 UNION 





Reviewing all breeds and varieties on 
their merits and possible appeal to 
poultry keepers of this generation, he 
decided to develop a strain of White 
Minorcas suited to the times, that is, 
bred primarily for profitable egg pro- 
duction. The popularity of production 
bred White Leghorns warranted the 
belief that many poultry keepers 
would welcome the appearance of a 
White Minorca of like general char- 
acteristics, the Minorca always hav- 
ing rated in economic classification of 
breeds as the largest of the series of 
laying type breeds in which the Leg- 
horn is intermediate; and being fur- 
ther notable for the size of their 

In less than 10 years from that 
time Eden C. Booth was doing a 
business in White Minorcas which 
ranked him among master breeders, 
and the White Minorca relegated to 
subordinate place by the generation 
to which it was first introduced had 
become one of the small number of 
popular varieties of fowls. The popu- 
lar White Minorca of today is not the 
exhibition White Minorca. It is best 
described as the modern development 
of the original type of the variety, 
of which the extreme show type is a 

History of the White Minorca 

The White Minorca originated from 
the black variety through the occa- 
sional occurrence of unpigmented 
birds. The Black Minorca is an ancient 
race from the Island of Minorca in the 
Mediterranean. It was taken from 
that island to England about 1780, 
and there became quite popular 
among the farmers of certain sections, 
being highly valued as a hardy pro- 
ducer of large white eggs. Un- 
doubtedly white birds were often pro- 
duced on the island of Minorca and 
among the English farm flocks, but 
the traditional popular belief that 
they were inferior to others in every 
way prevented the development of 
white varieties for general use. 

We first hear of White Minorcas in 
the English poultry shows of the 
middle of the last century where they 
were exhibited by a few breeders of 
Blacks. It is quite possible that a few 
came to America at that time under 
the name Red-Faced Spanish, but 
there is no evidence that anyone bred 
them to type. Neither variety had 
much attention from breeders of im- 
proved poultry until about 1870. The 
breed was not included in English 
Standards made before that time. The 
earliest specific descriptions of 
Minorcas are in the first edition of 
"The Poultry Book" (1874). The 
White Minorcas of that day were 
described as on the average a pound 
to a pound and a half heavier than 
the others, taller and fuller breasted. 
Weights of the Whites were about 7 

lbs. for cocks and 5*/^ -6 lbs. for hens. 

Modern Minorcas Came to America 

The first importation of White 
Minorcas to this country is said to 
have been made in 1885, and to have 
been followed by others at intervals, 
in 1886 and 1887. The accompanying 
reproduction of a drawing of White 
Minorcas made from life by Sewell 
in the latter year may be accepted 
as a faithful delineation of the type 
then in favor. Conditions here proved 
more favorable to the Black variety. 
The popular prejudice against white 
fowls was still strong. Black Minor- 
cas proved highly attractive to 
breeders of Black Spanish and Black 
Leghorns and soon largely displaced 
those varieties. White Minorcas were 
not so decidedly superior to the White 
Leghorns of that time with which 
they had to compete directly, and 
were taken up by few except fanciers. 

"Monster Minorcas" 

Those acquainted with the White 
Minorcas in favor today recognize the 
relationship of Minorca and Leghorn 
types. It is often remarked that casual 
observation may not at first dis- 
tingruish a flock of White Minorcas 
from one of Leghorns of the same 
plumage color. This was equally true 
of both varieties of Minorcas from 
the time of their introduction until 
about 1900. In that period English 
breeders had changed th#ir show type 
and produced Minorcas comparable in 
weight to Brahmas and Cochins, with 
huge combs that were an incumbrance 
to the birds. American fanciers ac- 
cepted the English type. White 
Minorcas were not bred to the 
extreme weights of the others, yet 
the type shown was not one to interest 
an ^^^ farmer. 

The Popular White Minorca 

To those not versed in the art of 
breeding poultry to show standards, 
and who see breeds only in the types 
which are fashionable, the develop- 
ment of White Minorcas of interest 
to producers of eggs for the table 
and market would appear a hard and 
time-consuming process. It did take 
some time and trouble to get foun- 
dation stock together, and only one 
with sound understanding of breeding 
would make much headway at that. 
As expert breeders well know, such 
an extreme type as the show Minorca 
constantly tends to revert to the 
normal type, and the re-establishing 
of that type is comparatively easy 
when suitable individuals have been 
obtained to work with. It was simply 
a matter of seeking them out in the 
yards of breeders of show birds, and 
using the desired t^ie only until the 
abnormal type ceased to appear. 

This alone would bring back the 
White Minorca as bred from its ap- 







pearance until the nineties. More than 
this, however, was required in a 
strain for our times. Production 
standards are much higher than in 
the old days. Any hope of success 
with it depends upon conducting 
breeding operations in accordance 
with modern knowledge and practice. 
How well this was done is proved by 
the progress of the variety. The 
modern popular White Minorca, much 
like the White Minorca as introduced 
to this country in appearance, is much 
superior to it in laying capacity. 
Carefully bred for prolificacy with- 
out decrease of size of eggs, it haa 
become a strong competntor in a field 
where its prototype was unable to 
gain any wide recognition. 




of W national E£Z Lai/inP (bntesfs 


Selection of Hatching Eggs 

Continued from page 15 

evidence to prove that if we count on 
producing future breeders only from 
hatching eggs which at time of being 
placed in the incubators weigh at least 
26 ounces to the dozen, we will have 
done a lot toward producing laying 
flocks with tendencies toward larger 
egg size characteristic. We are not 
trapnesting and not weighing eggs as 
they are produced, so we cannot mark 
the individual's hens' eggs. What can 
we do? Just this, at the time of plac- 
ing the eggs in the incubator. 

First, secure an adequate egg scale 
and place it on a stable, convenient 
table in the place where the hatching 
eggs are to be sorted and trayed. 
Weigh every egg before it is placed 
on an incubator tray. If it weighs at 
the rate of 26 ounces to the dozen or 
more, mark it gently with a pencil 
with a figure '6', which means just 
that. Best of all, do not set any eggs 
smaller than that, but many will 
hardly feel like going so far this first 

Then, put the '6' eggs in trays by 
themselves, hatch them separately, 
and mark the chicks which hatch from 
them with an outside right toe-mark. 
Reserve these two marks, the '6' and 
the 'outside right toe-mark' for these 
purposes from now on. A year hence 
it will be mighty useful in selecting 
breeders to know that the hens with 
outside right punches were hatched 
from 26 ounce to the dozen eggs. 

To Sum Up 

Select hatching eggs with regard 
to (1) normal egg shape, and for 
uniformity of egg shape. This means 
using eggs in which the long axis is 
to the short axis as 1 ^^ is to 1, ap- 
proximately. (2) Select eggs of good 
shell texture, whole shells and strong 
shells. (3) Select eggs of as nearly 
like shell color as possible. These three 
points are of value but should come 
last, as they are not as essential as 
the previous points. 

Plan to be 'hard-boiled' in adopting 
a high standard for hatching eggs this 
season. It will yield dividends. 


For greater profits in 1932 get your chicks from the breeder whose 
hens in 1931 had the highest average epg production for all official 
standard laying contests in the United States. Our 5 high pens (50 hens) 
averaged 262.4 eggs, leading all Agricultural Colleges, breeders and 
hatcheries entering 5 or more contests. The consistent high production 
of our entries in all contests is even greater proof of quality than the 
outstanding records of our championship pens and individuals. 

For 15 years we have pedigreed, and trapnested thousands of hens to 
develop the Booth strain for high egg production and BIG EGGS, the 
kind that top the select Eastern market. As a result we can offer chicks 
from stock so good that we absolutely GUARANTEE THEM TO OUT- 
or we make good as explained in our catalog. 


Booth Farms had more 300 eeeers in the IttSO Layliig Con- 
tests than any other breeder and had the same number of 
300 egcers In the 1931 contests. We protlm-e.! the All Time 
Champion Leghorn of America (record 312 eggs), the hiehest 
Kt'd for all standard U. S. contests In 1931, fhami>iiin Barred 
Uuck hen at Louisiana and at Qulncy and Murpl.ysboro, 111., 
coutesti, aJid highest Buff Oiiiiiigton in L". S. first 3 months. 

WIN $1,000 

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entering all our eustomers 
FRKE In their $10oO ChlcA 
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Our ohamnion pen Barred 
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test, 1931. Average 210 eggs. 


pop 1932 Highest pen In history of Illinois ront«.<t at 

I v.^ix I #^-. QuUiiy, which broke World's Record In 1930. 


Standard Quality Chicks (State Accredited) AA Special Quality 

100 500 1000 ' 100 500 1000 

White Leghorns ) j^^q ^g qq $75.00 $10.40 $50.00 $98.00 

Brown Leghorns ) I 

Redi. Anconas. ) 393 43.OO 85.00 11.40 55.00 108.00 

Barrtd Rocks ( | 

VVh. Rocks, Bf. Orps ) 9 9Q 4300 95.00 12.40 60.00 118.00 

Wh. & Sil. Wyan \ ' 

Asst. Heavy Breeds— 100, $3.40: 5(10, $40. Light As>f.— 100, $7 40; 50O, $35. 

AAA (250-342 egg record) Trapnest Quality Chicks. 5c each more than AA. 

Booth Farms %'l2 Clinton, Mo. 

Champion Red 
Hen. all statul- 
ard U. 8. con- 
tfsts for 1931. 

about our breeding methods 
that double ynur profita> 
Write today for it 

Worlds Record Blood Lines , 

Better Bred Chicks at Lower Cost 

Harrv L. Sherman, Vormont, reports. ''My 
595 Fofeinan .Strain White Leghorns won first 
in the Urge fl-ck division of the ^ ermont 
Home I.a.vinj; Conte-t under state super- 
vision. Pullets weiuh from 5 Vi to 7 ll>s.. 
averaged 200 eggs." 

Ma-iy customers report from 200 to 23.'i eeg 
averau'cs with laree flacks. High flock averages 
determine your proflta. Foreman Strain \\ hite 
Leghorns and Harrwl Rocks are hred to lead 
all other strains in high egg production, large 

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Custon^ers are now>oduoing'eggs for^c a dozen with this strain that meets every com-^ 

""Tvery'ch.vrM.ld^is of our. own breeding and carries 300-egg blood lines backed by fourteen 
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HELM'S Super 'Quality Chicks 

ILLINOIS HATCHEEV. H. o"e, ..d M^..e,. De,.. «. M.»r.,.U.. im-.i. 


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Resolved: Better Pullets For 1932! 

Continued from page 7 

gathered over these three months will 
be useful for incubation purposes, or 
maybe not more than half, if a higher 
standard, as suggested later, is 
adopted. It means several hatches, it 
is true, but it does mean an increased 
number of pullets from the more 
highly selected breeding 'hens. 

c. Look over the cockerels or cock 
birds at hand. Remember that 1932's 
pullets will carry half of the blood 
of their sires, and therefore if the 
male birds used this spring are an 
improvement their daughters will be 
of improved quality, but if no change 
for the better is made in the poultry 
males being mated to the selected 
hens, just don't expect much improve- 
ment in the pullets. 

It may mean looking around and 
buying pedigreed, well-bred, produc- 
tion type males from poultry breeders 
now offering such males for sale. 
Dollars invested in improved breeding 
males will earn many dollars in the 
increased yields of their daughters. 
Do this carefully. It is one place to 
show business judgment. Inquire 
thoroughly about the stock. Be as- 
sured that it is probably better than 
your own before buying. Order as 
early as possible. Hold the new males 
in quarantine for two weeks by them- 
selves after they arrive to make sure 
that they are not bringing disease 
with them. A small point, but an 
important one. 

Do not over-use the breeding males. 
Rest them occasionally. One mating 
will fertilize all eggs laid for from 
one to two weeks, and so the constant 
running of the males \\nth the hens is 
unnecessary, and wastes energy and 

d. Gather the eggs often. Hold them 
not more than two weeks before in- 
cubating. Weigh all eggs as they are 
put into the incubators and mark 
those of large size, 26 ounces to the 
dozen size or larger, with a *6', hatch 
them separately, and mark the chicks 
from them with an outside right toe- 
punoh, a scheme which has been dealt 
with in detail in these columns at a 
previous time. 

e. Be more particular than ever 
about which eggs are used for chick 
production. Pullets are liable to lay 
the sort of egg from which they 
themselves hatched. 

2. Many poultrymen, and perhaps 
some of them breeders too, will not 
be able to produce the chicks or all 
the chicks which they need for the 
pullet flocks they will want next fall. 
They must buy hatching eggs or, in 
more instances, baby chicks. The baby 
chick industry is a gigantic phase of 
our modern poultry industiy and fits 
a needful place in our planning. What 
sort of chicks should be bought, with 
this idea in mind of pullet improve- 

Baby chicks are as good as the 
stock from which they came. Look 
into that stock. Ask pointedly, but 
emphatically these questions. 1. What 
production has that stock been show- 
ing under the owner's management? 
2. What does he know about the 
quality of that production? 3. Is the 
stock B. W. D. blood-tested, and 
better yet accredited, that is proven 
free from B. W. D. carriers? This is 
not always easy to get, but very use- 
ful to get if possible. 4. Has the stock 
been strong and vigorous, as well as 
capable of high egg yield? 

Buy quality chicks. Be sure that 
the new blood that you are bringing 
on to your plant is better than that 
which you now have, or at least, just 
as good. The best chicks produced in 
the country are advertised right here 
in the columns of Everybodys Poultry 
Magazine. Any one of them is reliable, 
and live absolutely up to the claims 
they make for their stock. 

But, these introductions of new 
blood, or these efforts at better se- 
lection of one's own breeders will not 
suffice to produce 'better pullets' by 
themselves. Heredity is only one phase 
of the poultryman's problem. En- 
vironment is a mighty factor in the 
shaping of 'better pullet' flocks dur- 
ing this coming season. Rearing 
methods must accompany improve- 
ment in quality of parent stock and 

Poultrymen cannot stand the high 
mortality which has been all too 
frequent in recent seasons. They must 
curb it. 'Better pullets' will help to 
do it. How? 

1. Improved brooding and rearing 
equipment this season will be justified 
in many cases. The chicks should have 
every break from the beginning. 
Sanitary feeding and brooding de- 
vices are an essential to the produc- 
tion of 'better pullets'. Every chick 
must have a chance to eat well- 
balanced rations from sanitary feed- 
ing devices all the time if it wants to, 
and an opportunity to drink clean, 
pure, fresh water at all times. The 
brooder house, and later the range 
shelters or colony houses, must be 
sanitary and cleanable, and then 
cleaned systematically and thorough- 
ly occasionally during the season. 

2. Avoid overcrowding at all stages. 
Three hundred chicks is sufficient to 
put under any brooder stove and in 
one colony. Three hundred growing 
pullets to the acre of range is suffi- 
cient for good results. 

3. Do not raise these pullets on 
ground which has been 'chickened* 
for the past several years. If at all 
possible, do this year's rearing on 
new ground, or at least on soil which 
has been thoroughly plowed and on 
which a green crop has been sown in 
early spring, if not last fall. 








4. Do not mix the growing chicks 
with adult stock. Keep the young 
stock away from the old birds. Also 
make sure that the young pullets 
cannot get near manure piles, or old 
litter heaps, fly breeding places. 

5. Give the growing pullets every 
chance for roomy, easy living during 
the growing period. Do not force 
them along for too early maturity. 
Last summer I brought along some- 
what over 400 pullets, maturing them 
more slowly, but doing a wonderful 
job, so that this winter they are big, 
strong, and very capable of standing 
up under lights and the regular egg 
production mash. Do not try to get 
the 'better pullets' into laying stage 
too rapidly. Build for strong, well- 
fleshed, full-size bodies. 

To summarize, would seem to say 
to many 'Go out and buy this, buy 
that', and one wonders. Yet, if sales 
are stimulated it may be one of the 
very best things which could happen 
to the poultry industry in these next 
three or four months. Buy, yes, buy 
better males, buy better hatching 
eggs, buy better chicks. Insist on 
quality. Buy better equipment, buy 
better brooders, etc. Yes, if needed, 
in order to get really 'better pullets' 
next fall. There are those of us who 
feel that a few years of good times 
are just ahead, but they are going to 
be more real for those who are pre- 
pared by having 'better pullets', that 
is better stock on their plants as those 
better times come 'round. 


January In Poultry History 

Continued from pntje 23 

The first manager of the show repeat- 
edly declared his readiness to afford 
opportunity to develop any kind of 
show feature which would add to 
general interest in the show. All later 
managers maintained the same 

An interesting chapter could be 
written on things tried out here, some 
to be abandoned, others continued, 
perhaps with modifications. In this 
article there is room to mention only 
two especially pertinent to the present 
transitions in the character of poul- 
try shows. Boston many years ago 
gave commercial exhibits of supplies 
and appliances the best place in the 
show. In recent years it secured strong 
support from the production breeders 
of New England, following the 
example of a few of their class who 
for years have used spaces among 
the commercial exhibits to display 
"production-bred poultry." Both these 
departments have increased while the 
competition in Standard fowls de- 
clined. This year special efforts have 
been made to rebuild competitive 
classes; with what results will be told 
in the report of the show. 

Referring again to the spirit of 
Boston Shows, I think that it is a fair 
sUtement of fact to say that Boston 
Shows from 1896 to within the last 




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City State 

Extra Eggs y < Extra Profits 
Broilers at Top Prices 

If You Use the Information in 

Practical Poultry-Farming 

by L. M. HURD 

Poultry Department, Cornell University 

The latest praaical helps, including information not 
in any other poultry book. "Complete, no matter 
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experience," says Iowa Farmer. 

Some of the Book's High Points 



^'auMM tana' 


FEEDING— What vitamins are most im- 
portant and what feeds contain them in 
their cheapest form.^ How to fill the egg 
basket when prices are highest. What to 
feed chickens for quickest growth. 

CULLING — Illustrates the simplest and 
best methods. 

tion answered. 

^28 Pages, 1^9 Illustrations 
For Your Copy Send $^.'yO to 

Hatching and Brooding — Choosing a 
Breed-Housing-Trapnesting and Pedi- 
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Box 286 


HanoTer, Pa. 




five or six years regularly drew the 
attendance for at least one day oi 
practically every poultry keeper 
making a living or any considerable 
part of a living from poultry who 
could come and return in a day, and 
of the fancier breeders from a much 
larger area. The proportion of active 
poultry keepers in attendance was 
much larger than at any other poultry 



KLORKX kills disease germs 
In 1.') seoomls. Completely 
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Incubators, broders and poiil- 
to- buildings. Emclent germl- 
dda for purlfylnK tbe drink- 
ing water. Absolutely NON- 
POISONOIS in tlie dilutions 
reoommended on its label. 

Kl O D C y REQUIRED seven yeai 
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One" teaspoonful of Klorex will purify six • n r « ^„„ „-,. 

gallons of drinking water. Klorex is power- the races bred especially lor egg pro- 
^i^E^^^k'^ATT^^cxivE ?l^li' Auction is characteristic of large 
TiON. Pouitrymen send for free sample medium and large Leghoms ana An- 
and descriptive literature. conas, of production bred Minorcas, 

and generally prevalent in flocks of 

other breeds of this class that are 

C. W. Whitmoyer Laboratories highly prolific ; and which is also typi- 

Myerstown. Pa. cal in Brahmas and Jersey Giants 

Please send me postpaid free uinipi* among meat breeds. Then in the gen- 

•f Kionx and d.«sriptive literature. ^^^j purpose class there are Wyan- 

NAME dottes, Rhode Island Reds, Orping- 

sT „ „x tons Australorps each having the Ply- 
mouth Rock type modified for a 

■"■o^" special purpose, but not to an extent 

STATE which takes it out of this class; and 

- in the meat class the Langshan 

though not so noticeably of what may 

be called the primary economic type 

is yet so near it that all the con- 

Save Money on Netting ... I fP^^^.^"^ distinguishing marks of the 

Why pay high prices on poultry I breed are superficial. * 

show I attended. It used to be said 
that one attending the Boston show 
every day would at some time during 
the week meet every poultryman of 
consequence in any line of poultry 
culture in New England. That is 
rather too sweeping, but he certainly 
would meet the great majority of 

Elementary Rules In Poultry Breeding 

Continued from page 16 



netting? Buy direct from Crown 
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the United States insure 
prompt delivery. 
Write today. 

Crown Irofii 
Workt Co. 

1174 Tyler BtN.E.^ 

8ia-A Graybar Bldg. 
New York City 


They pay far greater profits in pi 
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ductmn of ill Brnda ind r 
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Box 988 
SastoTtr. Pa. 

Mature Breeder* 

Many novices be^n breeding by 
purchasing one or more pens of 
mated birds from breeders who make 
supplying them a part of their busi- 
ness. In this case the new breeder 
has no occasion, of course, for the 
exercise of his own judgment until 
the time comes to mate the birds 
raised from such matings. He can 
rely on it that the lowest priced 
birds such a breeder will furnish him 
meet the specifications under con- 
sideration, and that birds at higher 
prices are proportionately of better 

Selecting Breeders 
The first experience in selecting 
breeding birds has to deal with the 
results of a first experience in grow- 
ing chickens. This should be taken 
into account in considering the breed- 
ing values of the birds. The breeder 
should know whether, taken as a lot, 
they are grown as well as possible, or 
lack something of their full possible 
development. He can learn this by 
comparison with the parent stock (if 
he has it). If he bought chicks, it is 
usually possible to learn from the 
seller enough of the parents to deter- 
mine how the offspring compare with 
them. In the great majority of cases 
the grower will know himself, by 

* NOTE — Readers who wish to compare and 
study types in breeds will find all those 
here mentioned illuRtratel in Mr. Robin- 
Kon's book "Poultry Possibilities For 
All People, All Places and All Purposes" 
where also the characteri»tic» of the 
breeds are (ally given. 

observation as they grow, whether 
anything has checked growth. Birds 
which though somewhat undersize 
are otherwise good representatives of 
their kind, and whose failure to grow 
larger can be accounted for as a 
fault in growing them, can as a rule 
be used as breeders with confidence 
that they will transmit their "natural 
size" to their progeny. 

Beginners usually grow all chicks 
raised for breeding purpose to ma- 
turity, and when considering mating 
some of them, pick out those they 
like best first. This is good practice 
only when the idea is to breed only 
from a few of the very finest speci- 
mens, and is really a feature of prac- 
tice for advanced breeders. The best 
way for a beginner to do is to cull 
out all specimens which appear poor 
in comparison with the attractive 
birds in the flock, starting with the 
worst looking and continuing until 
birds which look inferior in the essen- 
tial points have all been discarded. 

Corresponding Type 

To produce uniform type in their 
progeny males and females must be 
of the same type (with allowance for * 
sex differences), or of compatible 
types that is, types which in blending 
will not give ill-shaped birds. This 
commonly occurs through the misuse, 
in applying it to size of the principle 
of comensation in matings stated in 
Rule Number Two and is avoided by 
using care to breed together males 
and females noticably alike in type, 
habitual poses, and general manners, 
always making allowance for the 
aggressiveness of the male. 

Don't Tolerate Bad Faults 
It is quite a common practice in 
breeding to use both males and fe- 
males of great merit in economic 
values, but very faulty in some super- 
ficial point, as an unsightly comb, or 
color of plumage. The breeding of 
such birds was good practice only 
when equally good specimens in essen- 
tial values, and free from unsightly 
superficial faults were unobtainable. 

Similar Faults in Parents 

The most of the disappointments in 
the breeding work of novices are due 
to overlooking small faults common 
to both parents, and therefore likely 
to appear in most of their offspring, 
and in many of them as more con- 


i) '# 




spicuous faults.. It is questionable 
whether it is ever wise to breed to- 
gether a male and females having a 
common fault which a novice in 
breeding will notice. In most cases 
where this is done the next generation 
contains a much smaller proportion* 
of birds useful for breeding. 

Keeping Breeders in Condition 

To get the best results in breeding 
one must give his breeding pens better 
accommodations in the way of room, 
both indoors and out, than suffice for 
flocks used only for the production 
of market eggs. In the matter of 
feeding, too, it is better to use rather 
lighter rations, accomplishing this by 
the more liberal use of green and 
vegetable feeds. When the matings 
contain small numbers of females the 
males usually keep in good condition 
through the entire season ; but when a 
male is mated to more than eight or 
ten females he is very likely to lose 
weight and vigor after a few weeks 
of constant service. In that case it is 
wise to take him out for a week, and 
perhaps for each alternate week 
through the remainder of the breed- 
ing season. 

To provide for this old breeders 
generally keep in reserve extra males 
which are suitable alternates for any 
they are breeding from. It is a prac- 
tice to be commended to all breeders. 
It not only insures the service of the 
hens in a proper mating if the head 
of the pen proves overworked; but it 
provides for the possibility of his sick- 
ness or accidental death. 

Poultry Industry Film 

The National Poultry Council at 
East Greenwich, Rhode Island is 
handling bookings for the industry 
film covering all branches of the Poul- 
try Industry which was especially 
photographed for the World's Poultry 
Congress at London last year. 

This film includes five reels, and 
covers every branch of the poultry 
industry including production and 
other allied services. The film may be 
secured without cost by responsible 
organized agencies providing trans- 
portation charges are paid. 

All bookings and information re- 
garding the film can be made by 
addressing the National Poultry Coun- 
cil, East Greenwich, Rhode Island. 

Kutso-Vlach Fowls 
An illustration accompanying an 
article on Greece, in the National 
Geographic Magazine shows fowls of 
an obviously distinctive variety of the 
Hamburg type, hitherto unknown to 
poultry keepers of Western Europe 
and America. The color markings are 
just the reverse of those of the Silver 
Spangled Hamburg. The birds are 
shown perched on top the household 
goods as loaded on donkeys by the 
nomadic Kutso-Vlach people when 
moving to a new location. 



There is no depression around 
here! That flock of pullets is laying 
50% or better. Baby chick orders 
coming every day. Why Worry?" 

For winter profits on poultry, use Animal- 
Poultry Yeast Foam — for this much is cer- 
tain : any flock fed a fermented mash will 
give better production ; produce a heavier, 
thicker egg and a more halchable egg. 

In these days the tendency is to use 
cheap feeds. When this is done, there is an 
even greater need for yeast, because yeast 
improves the digestibility of such feeds 
which means improved assimilation. Feeds 
go farther and give better results. But 
yeart, of course, will not do it all. Your 

feeds, too, must have some merit. Use a 
feed of proved value and add Animal- 
Poultry Yeast Foam to it. Or, if you pre- 
fer, buy a feed that contains it. 

The 4-lb. box costs only $1.00 at your 
dealers', or sent prepaid in U. S. A. on 
receipt of check or money order. 

Fres: You'll want to see out new illus- 
trated book, "Solving the Feeding Problem." 
It's just off the press and red hot with helps 
jfoT pouitrymen. Send Jor Jree copy today. 

Animal-Poultry Yeast Foam 

Northwestern Yeast Co. "» ^°?.';*'l:'.°:1>* Chicago, III. 

The Standard of Perfection 

Indispensable To All Breeders And 
Judges of Standard-Bred Poultry 

Published by the American Poultry Association and the only rec- 
ognized authority. Followed by all judges in all poultry shows m 
the U. S. and Canada and by all successful breeders. Describes the 
requirements for shape and color of ever>- section of every variety 
of Standard-bred fowls, turkeys, ducks, geese and bantams. 
Mor* Than 200 lllustratloni of Perf»et (or Standard) 
Spoclmons. PtrUctand Ooloctlvo Soctlon*. Foathort, Etc. 
Contains ln«trurtlon.s to Judges: complete list of dlsqiialincatloiw: IJ- 
uaue gluesary of technical terms with 41 (lrawln»i.s of perfect and defective 
coTnbs. backs, tails, color patterns, etc.; discounu for defecta. etc^ Study 
this book and know the qualliy and value of your lowU. 500 pasea. 
P stpald. In cloth ii.aO: leaiher. $3.50. Address 

Latoat Rovlaod 


Box 286 

HanoTer, Pa. 


Are Made By 


Newark - Wayne Co. -New York 

Let Lis Make Yours 

Samples On Request 


UeiKht easily adjusKil as chicks gruw 
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Wlllauer pouitrymen also build the famous rear 
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electrla walerera. Sefid for prtoeo and literature. 



These Better 

Chick Feeders 

last a Life'Time 

I am interested in the items checked; 

□ Willauer Chick Feeders 

□ Willauer Electric Waterer 

□ Willauer Dry Mash Feeders 

□ Willauer Rear Entrance Nesti 


Town SUt« 



from the 



To the Tancred Strain, we have added the quaJities 
that make the SMlLfn'-TANCHKl) STKAIN 111k. 
Husky, sturdy birds. Nortliern tirown. Ikying un- 
usually large eggs in surprising quantities, our birds 
averaged :i62 egns Xi oz. to the dozen as pullels In 
olllclal ounte^fts last year. 

Our Big Kgg Clilck-s carry many generations of 300 
blood and are guaranteed to live 14 days and pay 
you better tlian others. At our new low prices, you 
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CKED chicks for all ajound profit and satistaction. 
Let U9 help you to suucess. as we liave so many 
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and we are anxious to help every earnest poid- 
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strictly a Breeding 


R. F. D. E-5, Jackson, Mich. 



with this January Everybodys starts a 
new volume. We promise you our best In 
every issue for 1932. Please turn to inside 
back cover. 


Automatic, Fresh Air 
Suction Poultry House 

is one of the greatest discoveries 
ever made in the construction 
of poultry houses. Embodying 
all the best features of other 
houses it also offers something 
entirely new in having a roost- 
ing compartment into which 
fresh air is forced automatically 
by the fowls themselves. 

Epuip Your 

Old Poultry House 

with a "DIAPHRAGM" 

rooRtinf; compartment. Almost double 
the number of fowls can be kept in a 
house equipped with a "Diaphragm" 
than are usually kept in a of 
equal size, for the greater the number 
of fowls on the roost, the greater will 
be the volume of fresh air rushing in 
and expelling the foul odors. 

It Costs But Little To Build 

You can buy the material anywhere. 
We send you a complete set of blue 
print plans and specifications for $1.00 
to build a 10 ft,xl6 ft. "Diaphragm" 
house or section. The "Diapliragm" 
principle is illustrated carefully so you 
can install it in your old houses. 
Address : 



The First Day In A Chicken^s Life 

Continued fr 

ing hunger, they may be safely fed 
their first food through the mouth. 
This may well be just plain, simple • 
soured skimmilk, fed in low fountains. 
Every chick should have some sour 
milk as its first food. Sour milk is 
easily, quickly, and quite completely 
digested by baby chicks. It gives them 
a push forward. The mild acid in it 
tends to inhibit the growth of disease 
organisms in the chicks' intestines. 
I believe so much in this sour milk 
early diet that, if possible, I use it 
as the only drink or beverage for the 
chicks during their first four to six 
weeks, not even using water. They 
sure do grow on it. It is the only 
food which they need during that first 
day, but if they have it, a start is 
made toward appetite and later food 
consumption of a nature to enhance 
growth and development. 

First Grain Feed 

The morning of the second day may 
see some chick grain, or chick mash 
allowed, and from then on the usual 
chick ration, 

Another former error. It was 
earlier argued that chicks should be 
.given bright shiny grit, as the first 
food, after they have been placed in 
the brooders. We thought they needed 
teeth supplied, but we seemed to for- 
get that we were feeding them on a 
ration entirely different from that of 

om page 10 

earlier years. We are using finely 
ground chick rations, we are using 
milk, and doing all those things which 
tend to make the early feeding of 
chick grit unnecessary. Now, chick 
grit, hard and slowly dissolved, may 
stay in the tiny gizzards for many 
days, taking up much space in them, 
but adding not one bit to the nutri- 
tion of the chicks. Now, it seems more 
sensible to fill those tiny little diges- 
tive organs with food which can be 
and will be quickly digested and used 
by the chicks. No excess of hard grit 
for the first six weeks. From then on, 
all they can use. 

We must provide the chick with 
warmth on that first day, but we often 
have overdone it, through kindness, 
well meant. We like now to provide 
the chick with a surrounding tem- 
perature of about 85 degrees Faren- 
heit and not more. Avoid overheating. 

A clean, sanitary brooder, as in- 
surance against disease. Fresh air, 
and plenty of room. These things go 
without saying. 

The main issues of that first day 
are, then, 

1. Not left too long in the in- 

2. Sour skimmilk that first day 
anytime after 12 to 18 hours old. 

3. No grit. 

4. Well heated, ventilated, clean, 
roomy brooders. 

The Hatchery Room Is Important 

Continued from page 9 

necessary to open the windows wide. 
On other days they should be shut 

Where no other provision for ven- 
tilation is made one must depend upon 
the windows and door. But this on the 
whole is not very satisfactory, 
especially for larger capacity hatch- 
eries. Window ventilation is accom- 
panied by drafts, which may be 
disastrous in their effect on the 
hatches one hopes and expects to get. 
A cold blast of incoming air striking 
against one section of the machine 
may cause a very uneven temperature. 

Frequently operators are only get- 
ting ordinary percentages of hatches. 
The cause may be too great a capacity 
in too small a space. It may be due to 
inadequate ventilation, as well as too 
incorrect temperature and numerous 
other causes. But hatches are effected 
by room conditions. The writer is 
familiar with one hatchery where 
some 65,000-egg capacity incubators 
are in a basement room. The ceiling 
is rather low. The machines are 
crowded. The operator was only get- 
ting from 60 to 65 per cent hatches. 
The installation of mechanical means 
of removal of foul air and bringing 
in of fresh air gave him 10 per cent 
better hatches, no other change in 

source of egg or of operation being 
made. This is not an isolated instance. 

When incubators are run in too 
small rooms, with inadequate venti- 
lation, the room air is re-circulated 
over and over again through the ma- 
chine without any regard to the 
depletion of oxygen or excess of 
carbon dioxide. When the ventilation 
is faulty the rate of air change 
through the incubator itself should 
be increased quite materially. This 
carries with it the extra expense of 
heat to maintain the required tem- 
perature and humidity inside the in- 
cubator. A modern ventilating system 
in the incubator room will overcome 
this trouble, giving larger hatches of 
better chicks. Perhaps it may be fairly 
safe in most smaller hatcheries to 
install what is known as a "gravity" 
system of ventilation, which depends 
upon differences in temperature be- 
tween the outside and room air for 
its operation. But in most instances, 
especially in larger plants, it is cer- 
tainly far safer to have available 
facilities for forced ventilation 
through the operation of electrical 

The system of ventilation should be 
planned for each individual hatchery 
room or plant, by those who under- 




stend this subject. Proper ventilation 
is necessary to maintain good air 
composition, with the right balance of 
oxygen and nitrogen, so essential to 
growing life. 

The temperature of the hatchery 
room should be held at approximately 
70 degrees Fahrenheit. In most sec- 
tions of the country it is not wise to 
depend entirely upon the heat thrown 
off by the incubator to do this. A 
better and more economical method 
is by using an auxiliary heating plant 
for the room itself , its nature depend- 
ing upon the size and nature of the 
room itself. 

Many hatchery operators fail to get 
the desired results because no pro- 
vision is made for holding the eggs 
under proper conditions before going 
into the incubator. No matter how 
small or large the hatchery may be 
this is very important, as many 
hatches are ruined before the eggs 
are actually set. Eggs to be hatched 
should be held as nearly as practical 
at the null-line temperature to avoid 
pre-incubator embryo weakening, or 
development. The former will result, 
carried far enough, in a dead germ, 
is almost certain to be the cause of 
an underdeveloped chick. On the other 
hand pre-incubator development of 
the germ causes the chick to hatch 
a day or two days before the hatch 
is expected, often to the inconven- 
ience of both the operator and the 
customer, and possibly resulting in 
loss of chicks because they came 
before expected. 

Larger hatcheries find it advisable 
to have a separate room for holding 
eggs, where a temperature of approxi- 
mately 55 to 60 degrees seems as 
nearly ideal as we now know. But in 
hatcheries where the room tempera- 
ture is held evenly at about 70 
degrees the eggs may be safely held 
for several days. 

Often the builder of a hatchery 
room neglects to see that all heating 
and wiring is done in accordance 
with both local rules, if any, any state 
regulations, for safety and fire pre- 
vention. Considering the shipshod 
method in which much wiring and 
heating is done about many hatch- 
eries it is a wonder more of them do 
not burn down. If the heating and 
wiring are properly done, if litter and 
refuse is not allowed to accumulate, 
if the operator is orderly and clean 
in his methods, and exercises just 
average carefulness, he has but little 
cause to fear loss from fire. When 
hatchery operators look upon some 
of these essentials more carefully, 
then insurance companies will be 
more anxious to cover fire hazards for 

Perhaps one may sum up all of the 
requirements for the ideal hatchery 
room thus: Practical methods of effi- 
cient control over all conditions of 
temperature, humidity, air movement, 
sanitation, convenience, safety, essen- 
tial to profitable operation. 



From the Cream of the World's Bett Egg Bred Stock 

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Our 1932 Catalog "Cold Facta" it Free 

Mittendorffs Leghorn Ranch, Boi 17 Lincob, DL 

New Jersey Auction sales have proved that 
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i selecting lor sire ana wnii^ueas ui euso *»— v— ^ — — „ , . j , 

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White Leghorn Chicks 

BeBult of more than 20 years 
careful breeding for egK pro- 
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CATALOG which gives a 
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inK methods so carefully 
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GUY A. LEADER •;■ R2, York, Pa. 

Partridge Ply 


Tlie most beautiful m well as 
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Baby Chick* and Hatching Eggs 

Pennsylvania Slate Certified and Ac- 
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North Poultry Farm, McAlistervllle, Pa 




Bar.. Wh. & Bufl Rox; Anconat: 8. 
C. R. I. R»<1»; Silver Laced. Wh. 
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,„___^__ 100. I00"» live del. guar. I to 8 wk. 
•Id ehlclw. Free catalog. „ . _ „, .,_, u^ 

BECK'S HATCHERY, Dept. E. Mt Airy, MB. 

HCRE'S a new book, juit off the 
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He has thousands of birds on his farm 
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Chapters on feeding for incraased egg 
production, also 40 imporUnt chapters 
on up to- date management. 


Box 286 BanoTer, T%. 


A Worth While Innovation 


The metal brooder house 
ranks ivith the battery 
brooder as a neiv product 
which has done much to 
advance the industry. 

IT is often a liberal education for 
one to sit down and think back 
over the past years and note the 
changes that have come upon the 
poultry industry. One does not have 
to be so very old to remember when 
the first artificial brooder stove made 
its appearance. Likewise is it true 
with the Mammoth Incubator, then 
came the proposition of mash feeding 
as a distinct innovation in the care 
of poultry. 

So it goes through the entire realm 
of poultry industry, whether it be 
breeding, feeding, housing, incubation 
or brooding. The last 10 to 20 years 
have shown the adoption of many 
practices that previous to that time 
were considered foolhardy in the 

Many practices have made their 
appearance only to be discarded after 
a rather complete trial. Other methods 
and practices have made a timid bow 
to the public, but their acceptance has 
been wide spread and so determined 
as to leave no room for doubt as to 
their actual value. 

Such is the case with the use of 
metal brooder houses in the raising 
of baby chicks. It was back in 1915 
that the first metal brooder house 
made its appearance. The idea of tiy- 
ing to raise baby chicks, which above 
all farm animals need the most tender 
care for the first few days or weeks 
of their lives, in a building that was 
metal was simply a thing that couldn't 
be done in the minds of not only 
.skeptics, but experienced poultrymen. 
The inventor of the metal brooder 
house, however, was firm in believing 
that certain characteristics of the 
metal house were superior in the 
brooding of baby chicks. As is always 
the case with a new product, some 
few courageous souls were induced 
to try out his innovation in brooder 
housing. Much to the surprise of the 
skeptics the results were simply over- 
whelming. The good news spread by 
word of mouth and other means. The 
acceptance of this type of brooder 
house became so wide spread that at 
the present time metal brooder houses 
are in use in practically every state 
in the Union, as well as in several 
foreign countries. 

Undoubtedly the state in which 
there are more metal brooder houses 
than any other is in the state of Ohio. 
This speaks well for the soundness 
and reliability of this type of brooder, 
since it is in Ohio that practically all 
of the metal brooder house manu- 
facturers are located. 

They say that a prophet is not 
without honor, save in his own 
country. This statement is disproved 
in the case of metal brooder houses, 
because it is right at home, among 
the neighbors so to speak, that metal 
brooder houses are in greatest favor. 
Emanating from Ohio in all directions 
we find the gradual spread of this 
accepted practice of brooder housing. 
One manufacturer alone estimates 
that in houses manufactured by this 
company there were over 17,000,000 
baby* chicks raised in the last few 
years. This represents but a portic 
of the nmber of chicks raised in th 
type of house, as it accounts for but 
one manufacturer. 

Sometimes artificial means give im- 
petus to the vndespread adoption of a 
certain article which enjoys a momen- 
tary popularity that is great. In the 
case of metal brooder houses such has 
not been the case, as the growth has 
been g^radual and uniform in all 

Naturally there are certain basic 
principles that make metal brooder 
houses desirable from the standpoint 
of the poultry raisers, the same as 
there are certain characteristics of 
certain metal brooder houses on the 
market that make them superior to 
others. Basically speaking, however, 
factors that have been responsible for 
the growth and widespread acceptance 
of this type of housing is the fact that 
they are absolutely fire-proof, rat- 
proof and are easy to clean and keep 

The smooth metal wall and metal 
covering of the floor present no har- 
boring places for disease germs and 
hence it is that many users find them 
more sanitary. 

In these days of problems that re- 
quire the frequent moving of brooder 
houses, the strong, rugged features of 
metal brooder houses together with 
their comparatively light weight, 
make it possible to easily move the 
brooder house onto a clean range. 

The use of metal brooder houses is 
not restricted to the raising of 
chickens alone, as ducks and turkeys 
are raised with a remarkable degree 
of success. Interesting stories can be 
told of raisers of this type of poultry 
who find the metal house splendidly 
adapted to their needs. 

One feature that the metal brooder 
has which particularly recommends it 
is the fact that as the chicks come in 
conUct with the metal wall they are 


repelled by a sense of chill, the same 
as one gets when touching a window 
pane or a metal object in a room. 

tip The sudden conduction of heat from 
the warm body produces that sense of 
chill, which a person can easily 
demonstrate for themselves, and thus 
the chicks are repelled away from the 
wall and huddling is prevented. 

Metal brooder houses have definite- 
ly demonstrated their value to the 
poultry raiser. They represent another 

t contribution to that very absorbing 

science of poultry husbandry. They 
are a tried and proven product far 
past the experimental stage and can 
be bought with a feeling of absolute 
safety and security on the part of the 




Poultry is the best p-ying item on the farm. To 
best results and biggest profits you must have 
proper housing conditions. Only meul can ^ 
give you the exact conditions you need, but 

Uier» U a big difference in metal brooder /u)i««». Take DO 
chances . . . brood your chicks \a the improved Dicktlmalt 
Metal Brooder Haute. Fire proof . . Rat proof. . perfectly 
ventilated . . no sweating . .abaolutely saniury. .eaay to clean and 
keepclean. .. lateatimproved Violet Ray Glasa with steel frames. 
It i a the ttrong—t and bett house made .. •oaieat and quickett 

to erect. .mottduf 

able and bett in 








The Veronese "Black Caps 

Browsing through a file of poultry 
papers of the year 1880, the editor 
made the interesting discovery that 
at that time there was in north- 
eastern Italy a white fowl with a black 
crest of a different type from the 
Black Crested White Polish which 
was already at that time believed to 
be extinct. The breed was said to be 
of recent origin, having appeared 
first in the Benedictine monastery of 
Santa Cruz. It was supposed to have 
been developed from the Black 
Crested White Polish, through re. 
semblances other than color had been 
bred out. In what respects it differed 
.^ from the Polish type is not stated de- 
^W finitely, but may be inferred from the 
statements that it approached bantam 
size, and though a good layer of small 
white eggs, was of no value for the 

table. . 

To a student of breeds this signifies 
that the race was really Polish with 
lost size and type. This account of it 
gains added interest when considered 
with reference to reports of Black 
Crested White Polish Bantams in 
Holland a score of years or so ago. 
These were said to have been made 
from other varieties by a bantam 
fancier there. It would be quite in 
accord with a common practice among 
those who claim to have originated 
breeds and varieties, if this Dutch 
fancier had obtained from somewhere 
birds descended from the Veronese 
Black Capped Fowl which afforded a 
much better foundation for his 
breeding operations than could have 
been obtained from crosses of other 

varieties. . 

Some years ago John Kriner under- 
took to remake the Black Crested 
White Polish and obtained at least 
one good specimen, which he showed 
at Madison Square Garden. The 
writer's recollection is that the acci- 
dental loss of this bird caused Mr. 
Kriner to drop the project. 



The guarantee made Kverybodys pub- 
M-ribers that yon can deal in full ronfiden.e 
with the advertisers in this and every isH,.r 
of Kvervbodys is a gnar»ntpe backed by the 
intpgrifv of the publishers. In «ritin<r adver- 
tisers say '-I read your advertibcment in 
Every bodys." 

RAHE QO% TO 07% 

Orer aerenteen milUon Chirks have been raised in Dickelman Meul Hooses in 
the last few years. Dickelman Housea are in use in 38 states and aeTtral 
foreign countriaa.Usera regularly raUeM* to97« of their chicka to matunly. 
Not only do they raise more and beUer chick, but they grou, more rapid' 
hand uniformly. Metal waUa prevent pilina up and smothering. W armer ta 
Winter . , coolti in summer . . uses les. fuel, the extra Chick, and better 
chick, you raiMt teill more than pay for a Dickelman m a ,hort timm. 



Heavy |!alrani7.ed metal makes Dickelman the 
etronfiest and most durable house bailu Can be 
moved repeatedly without warping or sagging. 
Cheaper to own than a wooden one . . in fact tou 
are paying for a Dickelman through needleaa 
chick loaaes . . tfhy not otrn onef 




Write for complete 
information and 
new I ow prices. Sold 
on liberal terms to 

responsible parties. 

DARKS: 1-3-4-5 cockj 
l-;i-4 5 hen; 1-2-3-4-0 
roikerel; 1-2-3-4 pullet; 
1 old pen; 1 young pen. 
UGHTS: l-'.:-3 4 co.-W ; 
12-3 hen; 1-2-3-4-5 
cockerel: 1-2-3 pullet; 1 
old pen; 1 young pen. 


''Lady Beautiful 

have won BEST DISPLAY 

at Madison Square Garden 

1 927—1 928 — 1 929—1 930—1 931 

Our stock is the best we have seen it in a" .^^^ 
years breeding. We can furnish you with birds 
good enough to win in any showroom, or breeding 
stock that will give you the best of blood to 
inbreed, or to .start out fresh. Now is the time 
to get fresh blood. Get the best. 

Catalog and prices sent free to prospective purchasers. 



RKACTOR being found^ These are real QLALIT^ .h.^ks. ^n ^J,^^^^^ 
HAM. BROS., Poplar HiU Farm 

are hatching 

Box 62. Wallingford. Conn. 

We ^Vant Subscription Agents— Write Evrryhodys 

National Poultry Council Meeting At Chicago 

Representatives of the 
allied branches of the 
industry consider major 
problems and set up a 
program of service. 

THE Eighth Annual Meeting of the 
National Poultry Council was held 
at the Stevens Hotel, Chicago, Decem- 
ber 2nd and 3rd. The major feature 
of the session was the development 
of a program for more effective or- 
ganization of the poultry industry of 
the nation including the building of 
strong co-operating committees in 
each state. 

The National Tariff situation was 
given extended study. The Council 
decided to assume a position of watch- 
ful waiting, being in readiness to 
defend existing schedules should they 
be in jeopardy. 

The Council voted to proceed with 
National Egg Week during the period 
of May 1st to 7th, 1932, and au- 
thorized the holding of an Essay 
Contest and Slogan Contest previous 
to May 1st, and they further au- 
thorized the extension of National 
Egg Week activities throughout the 
balance of the year, through the pub- 
lication of suitable magazine stories 
and radio broadcasts. 

Preliminary plans were made for 
the participation of the United States 
at the World's Poultry Congress in 
Rome in 1933. 

Industry quarantines and poultry 
improvement programs were exten- 
sively discussed. Ways and means of 
increasing the Federal service to the 
Poultry Industry were completely 

The finance committee adopted a 
budget involving the raising of 
$16,400. The following is the report 
of the Finance Comrtiittee and the 
approved budget: 

"After going over the budget for 
the past year, the Finance Committee 
feels very much gratified with the 
good work carried on by Prof. Lewis 
through the office of the National 
Poultry Council and expresses its ap- 
proval of the fine program for the 
year. Although collections did not 
come up to the proposed budget as 
drawn up by the committee last year, 
this committee feels the accomplish- 
ments have been most encouraging. 

Although a hope for a greater 
membership is expressed for 1932 the 
budget has been estimated on the 
• basis of previous years membership — 
a slight reduction being considered in 
other items. 

Due consideration is suggested to 
be given to local county and state co- 
operative marketing groups feeling 
the council in a position to be of real 
service to these. 

Tariff fund needs the fullest sup- 
port of the Council — however should 
be considered under"Special Budget." 

National Egg Week is of very great 
importance and shall have the Na- 
tional support throughout the coming 
year, (This item is self-supporting.) 

We should support a full time office 
program in order to care for increased 
contacts which will ne necessary to 
meet with the new proposed pro- 
grams, of appointing at least three 
permanent committees in each state. 
The Council office will necessarily be 
called upon to carry the major part 
of the work. 

We recommend that the President 
of the National Poultry Council be 
authorized to appoint a nation-wide 
committee of voluntary service 
speakers and writers who will con- 
stitute an active mobile force whose 
duty shall be to keep the central office 
constantly informed in advance of 
the occasions when in the course of 
their regular engagements to speak 
or write, they will be willing to serve 
as ambassadors or organizers in pro- 
moting a better understanding of the 
purpose and functions of the National 
Poultry Council, and the development 
of more efficient organization of the 
poultry industry, with the under- 
standing that they will report the 
results of their personal efforts 
promptly to the National Poultry 
Council headquarters. 

We further recommend that a spe- 
cial voluntary promotion service 
bureau be set up within the Council 
for the purpose of making engage- 
ments for members and compiling re- 
ports of the contacts made and results 
accomplished which shall be presented 
each year as a part of the President's 
Annual Report. 

We also recommend that special 
report forms be prepared by the cen- 
tral office on which the members of 
the Contact Committee shall record 
the essential facts as to place, date, 
number of persons reached and the 
apparent and tangible results accom- 
plished, and that these representatives 
of the Council be kept properly sup- 
plied with the later information re- 
garding Council actions and accom- 

To meet the needs of the Council 
program as at present set up your 
Finance Committee desires to submit 
for your consideration and approval 
the following 1931-1932 budget. 

Delegates dues to Council $ 2500 

Poultry Publishers Associations .... 300 

International Baby Chick Association . 600 

Feed Manufacturers 1000 

Incubators Manufacturers Association 1000 

Poultry Supply dealers 300 

Agricultural Publishers Association . . SCO 


Harry R. Lewis, ansociate editor of 
Everiihodys Poultry Magazine, teas re- 
elected prexident of the Xational 
Poultry Council. 

Egg Case Supplies 200 

National Egg Week 10000 

Tariff Fund Special Budget 


Manager's Salary 2400 

Travel 1000 

Office Expense 2200 

Printing and Stationery 300 

Contingent SOO 

National Egg Week 10000 


Resolution 1 

Whereas: The National Poultry 
Council has always endeavored to 
represent the interests of poultry and 
egg producers in tariff matters, and 

Whereas: The present situation is 
one deserving continued study as to 
methods by which present tariff pro- 
tection may be maintained and fur- 
ther needed tariff protection may be 

Therefore, be it resolved: That the 
National Poultry Council, in con- 
vention assembled this third day of 
December, 1931, authorize the ap- 
pointment of a Permanent Tariff 
Committee whose function shall be 
to keep constantly in touch with the 
importation of eggs and egg products 
and to make recommendations to the 
National Poultry Council as to any 
needed action from time to time. 

Resolution 2 

Whereas: The hen has been an 
important financial bulwark on many 
farms during the period of depression, 
as well as a major factor in the suc- 
cess of the "Live at Home Program", 
and a great aid to the proper nutri- 
tion of farm families. 

Whereas: The poultry industry has 
never received its full share of finan- 
cial support at the hands of the 
Federal Government in comparison 
with that given to other livestock 

Therefore be it resolved: That the 
National Poultry Council in conven- 






tion assembled this third day of take such action as may be best with 
December, 1931, re-affirm its con- the Federal Government, State and 
fidence in the poultry work being National organizations, agencies and 


carried on by the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics and the Bureau 
of Animal Industry and other 
branches of the Federal Government, 
and go on record as being definitely 
opposed to any retrenchment in the 
poultry activities of these agencies. 

Resolution 3 

Whereas: The United States has 
actively participated either officially 
or unofficially, in the first four 
World's Poultry Congresses, the first 
in Holland in 1921; second in Spain 
in 1924; third in Canada in 1928; and 
the fourth in England in 1930; and 

Whereas: All of these Congresses 
have been important factors in pro- 
moting education through the inter- 
change of ideas, have developed the 
spirit of international good-will and 
better understanding between nations 
and have resulted in stimulating world 
trade in poultry and poultry products 
and industrial commodities within the 
industry, all of which have rebounded 
to the benefit of all countries con- 
cerned; and 

Whereas: We are convinced that 
the active participation of the United 
States in the Fifth World's Poultry 
Congress, which is to be held in Rome, 
Italy in 1933, will be for the best 
interest of the poultry industry of the 
United States and of the World and 
will be fulfilling a distinct moral 
obligation as a matter of proper re- 
ciprocation and co-operation with 
poultry industries of other nations; 

Therefore be it resolved: That the 
National Poultry Council assembled 
at Chicago, Illinois, December 3rd, 
1931 urges the participation of the 
United States in the Fifth World's 
Poultry Congrress to be held in Rome 
in 1933; 

And be it further resolved : That the 
Poultry Industry of the United States 
accepts the challenge, as an opportun- 
ity and obligation, to undertake the 
holding of the Sixth World's Poultry 
Congress in the United Stotes in 1936, 
if the undertaking can be assured of 
sufficient moral and financial support 
from the Poultry Industry, the Fed- 
eral Government and the states which 
will be in keeping vdth the importance 
of the industry and the enterprise of 

the people. , , mi. *. 

And be it further resolved: That 
the National Poultry Council appeal 
to the poultry organizations and in- 
dividual poultrymen and women to 
join the World's Poultry Science As- 
sociation as an act of loyalty and self- 
interest in the parent association 
which has been primarily responsible 
for the development of World's Poul- 
try Industr>' consciousness by inaugu- 
rating and promoting all of the 
World's Poultry Congresses. 

And be it further resolved: That 
the President of the National Poultry 
Council be authorized to promptly 

individuals to insure the full accom- 
plishment of the objective. 

The Council unanimously adopted 
resolutions regarding the appoint- 
ment of a permanent Tariff Com- 
mittee and resolutions covering the 
World's Poultry Congress. 

The Council elected the following 
officers and executive committee for 
the ensuing year: President, Harry R. 
Lewis; 1st Vice-president, O. A. 
Hanke; 2nd Vice-president, Elmer 
Wene; Secretary, C. I. Bashore; 
Treasurer, Gordon M. Curtis. 

The Executive Committee consists 
of A. G. Peters, Knox Boude, F. C. 
Plinston, Dr. Earl W. Benjamin, C. 
W. Carrick, J. B. Carney, Charles 
Sawyer, C. A. Norman, L. E. Card. 

President H. R. Lewis was again 
employed as managing director for 
the year 1932. The President ap- 
pointed the following permanent 
Tariff Committee: H. R. Lewis, Ex 
Officio, Dr. Earl W. Benjamin, Prof. 
James E. Rice, Knox Boude, O. B. 
Kent, Quaker Oats Co., C. F. Kieser 
of Kraft Phonix Cheese Corp., R. H. 
McDrew, and others as occasien 

The standing committees of the 
convention were as follows: 

Finance Committee — Elmer Wene, 
Chairman, O. A. Hanke, C. A. Bas- 
hore, George Cugley, Prof. James E. 
Rice, Dr. Earl W. Benjamin. 

Resolutions Committee — Prof. L. 
E. Card, Gordon M. Curtis, C. L. 
Sawyer, A. C. Peters, C. I. Norman. 
Auditing Committee — F. C. Plin- 
ston, H. C. Demme. 


The Poultry Department of the Pennsyl- 
vania Farm Products Show closed with a 
mighty fine entry. With record attendance 
assuring the exhibitors that thousands of 
interestedin-poultry visitors pass through 
the building every day it is quite natural 
that breeders have placed the big event at 
Harrisburg permanently on their schedule of 
shows sure to make. 

The following judges have been selected 
to place awards this year in National. Club 
and State Club Meets: I. M. Ashjeld. Alcester, 
S Dakota. Buff Pymouth Rocks; J. J. Bedel, 
Millvale, Pa., Bufif Leghorns; Robert Light. 
Lebanon. Pa.. Silver Wyandottes; William 
Auerswald. Millvale, Pa.. Brown Leghorns. 

Other judges of the poultry exhibit include 
Paul Ives. New Haven, Connecticut; C. S. 
Smith. West Milton. Pa.; J. E. W«ver, 
Davidsville. Pa.; William Minich, Carlisle, 
Pa • W. H. Rice, College Park. Maryland. 

Electrification Hila the Farm 


The Carpenter Universal 
Battery Brooder is es- 
pecially adapted to brood- 
ing chicks in any quantity 
from 50 to 50,000 and 
more. It is so efficient, so 
simple and so economical 
that many of our larger 
poultrymen use it exclu- 

It offers that qualifey-plus- 
economy combination 
which enables the poultry- 
man to reduce overhead 
costs and sell more profit- 

Made of seasoned hickory... 
complete with galvanized metal 
chick guards. .. .feeding and 
watering troughs. ... wire cloth 
bottoms. . . .removable dropping 
t>ans. . .available at 923.t0 t. o 
D. Orange, Va. 

Send lor Art Catalog 


6 Ma<U8on Rd., Brigbtwood, Va. 


Wo speclw * on Awards for all 
oontsimis ajid you will not tinil 
l>ettt:r otu-8 anywhere. Complete 
line, the liert makes, prices ami 
QualltleA. Intelligw't, c»..vful aii.l 
jironift attanLuiii to orders. Send 
for cataloi. 


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AV*/ - Fireprjol - CoHi: ri,'t' 
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Write for particulars. 


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New York, N. Y. 


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Brooding: Systems 

Heating Plants 


Ventilatingr System s 

Broiler nPlants 

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tfllMmaiacm *••"">» Work E««y with Held. 
\UIUVMSS » hajinx. and truck crop tool*. 


_JI ■-.,. ^ Vi ^^^* power machinery, 
alNlLBwnSHr pumpa. aawa, srindera. 


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for gel ting inside fences, 
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Time plan makes it eaay| 

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Free Catalog 

Write Today for 
Illustrated Catalog. 


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contest ever 
held. Trnp- 
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ativin of many 
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Buy chicks right from 
the 80urce — RL't same 
Liying- paying bloi>d. 
brei der hatchers Berk 
Prices low. Write today. 
Bo» F Lancaster, Fa. 







W(>lt.Crrtilii.ttion t;ivp» you JD^h prnduction qualilv. Lee- 
horns as low as 8c. Rocks as low as 9' 2c. Srnd today for 
Catalofi in colors, riplaininK our Itdav livabilily guarantf- 


Tb« itMidy ffrowtb of ETerybodys Poultry 
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BiriH eye viae of the 1931 Chicago Coliseum Poultry Exposition — the last tcord 

in modern poultry shows. 

The Chicago CoUseum Poultry Show 

This poultry exhibition 
under able management 
has come to occupy its 
present position as the 
leader in the modern 
poultry show movement. 

BACK of the management of the 
Chicago Coliseum Poultry Expo- 
sition is an intent to make these 
annual expositions represent a com- 
plete picture of the poultry industry 
and allied lines. It therefore must be 
a matter of satisfaction to the very 
able Harvey C. Wood, Sec'y and 
Treas., and his understanding board 
of directors together with his com- 
petent show committee to witness the 
completeness of the exposition held 
the full week of December 1st. 

Had the poultry show manage- 
ments in the earlier years of poultry 
exhibitions, grasped the idea of mak- 
ing these annual affairs a "Complete 
Picture of the Poultry Industry and 
Allied Lines" it is quite likely that all 
our largest cities at least could have 
promoted poultry expositions. 

These last two remarkable expo- 
sitions that have been held under the 
Coliseum's new management were 
organized and put on under the 
handicap of general business depres- 
sion. Thousands paid to see the 
exhibits, while thousands of others 
would have been there under normal 

While thousands of city people 


attend expositions like the Chicago 
Coliseum it is from the rural sections 
that the greatest interest is manifest. 
This means that the out-of-the-city 
patron must figure on a cost of some- 
thing more than the admission price 
to visit these expositions. With con- 
ditions anywhere near normal with 
the farmer and rural resident, the 
Coliseum would have had thousands 
in additional attendance. As it was 
all through the day and evenings a 
steady flow of visitors viewed the 

We have attended poultry shows 
throughout the country with regular- 
ity since 1912, yet none have im- 
pressed us quite in the same way as 
have these two most complete exhibits 
of the industry as provided by the 
Chicago Coliseum Poultry Exposition, 

The exhibits in the various de- 
partments held the attention of every 
lover of well bred poultry, turkeys, 
waterfowls, pigeons, bantams and 
rabbits. In this connection. Secretary 
Wood advised the writer that suffi- 
cient marked catalogs had been 
printed that he could supply the after 
show demand for complete awards 
marked in all classes. The price of the 
catalogs is seventy-five cents prepaid. 
Address Harvey C. Wood, Room 1900, 
Board of Trade Bldg., Chicago, 111. 

The educational features were of 
vital interest and the fact that the 
National Poultry Council was in 
session in Chicago, as well as the great 
Stock Yards Show, made a full day 
for every visitor who desired to gain 
as much as possible from these events. 

You must see a Chicago Show to 
appreciate the advance steps made in 
the modern poultry exposition of to- 
day. If a breeder, resolve now to get 
in on Chicago's next show, if inter- 






ested in the industry to the extent of 
doing business with those who raise 
poultry for profit, plan now to have 
your display there. The industry needs 
shows like the Coliseum. 

Heredity and Variability 

Heredity and variability are words 
coined by scientists investigating 
animal and plant life and gradually 
adopted by breeders who interest 
themselves in the contributions of 
Science to knowledge of breeding. 
Heredity refers to the whole behavior 
of the characters of organisms from 
generation to generation. Variability 
refers to the inherent tendency of all 
organisms to differ individually while 
preserving a common racial type and 
character. The word heredity comes 
from the word heir. Its significance 
was at first expressed in the term 
inheritance, with the idea that the 
analogy between the transmission of 
property through the successive gen- 
erations of families would more force- 
fully impress the fact that the whole 
natural equipment of every creature 
was acquired in like manner. 

Because in natural species and in 
well bred domestic livestock the uni- 
formity of individuals is so striking 
and the type so stable; heredity has 
come to signify to breeders-The force 
or principle which operates to hold 
the combination of characters and 
qualities which they have made the 
standard for a breed. The same idea 
is expressed in the old maxim— Like 
begets like", which may fitly be called 
the slogan of constructive breeders in 

all times. , , 

The modern breeder, however, 
recognizes the influence of variabil- 
ity in his work. Likeness in the crea- 
tures he works with means to him 
general likeness— resemblance in the 
things which distinguish a species or 
a breed from others. Differences m 
individuals of his stock really concern 
him more than likenesses; for the fun- 
damental resemblances are m race 
characters which vary, or may be 
altered, only within narrow limits, 
while ihe individual differences are 
gradations in quality as measured by 
his standards, and are good or bad 
according to the measure of conform- 
itv to the established standard. 

Whether regarded as a science or 
as an art, breeding poultry is a matter 
of cultivating good and desirable 
variations, while rigidly suppressing 
those which are bad and undesirable. 
To inexperienced breeders it always 
.eems that the cultivation of good 
variations is of most importance but 
experienced breeders agree that the 
hardest part of their work is to hold 
undesirable variations in check. This 
is because it is "human nature to 
hope and expect that the good points 
in matings will dominate; and to 
imagine that bad or weak points m 
one parent, or in the combination of 
parents, may become recessive: or if 
they do not can easily be bred out 

after the good points are securely 

The actual range of variations in 
the progeny of any one mating of well 
bred birds is much narrower than is 
commonly supposed. We are accus- 
tomed to consider the point on obser- 
vation of the variability observable 
in flocks or stocks containing the pro- 
geny of many breeding pens, each of 
which consists of as many matings as 
there are females in the pen. In that 
way we get an impression of variabil- 
ity in stock of the same breeding 
which is greatly exaggerated. The 
true measure of direct variability in 
good breeding practice is that shown 
in the progeny of a male and female 
as nearly typical of their kind as can 
be found, and of similar breeding. It 
will as a rule be found that these 
show the same variations, and within 
a very narrow range. 

The wide variations commonly ob- 
served are due principally to the 
mating of males and females which 
are very unlike in so many characters 
that the mating does not recopize 
the principle "Like begets like." 

Keeping Over Old Males 

A number of breeders who have 
been accustomed to "Swat the 
Rooster" after one season of service 
as a breeder ask the editor's opinion 
as to how far it is advisable for small 
poultry breeders to undertake to in- 
augurate the plan of using only 
proved sires. Consideration of the 
time, labor and cost of carrying out 
such a program, they say, is discour- 
aging, but if the benefits are as great 
as those who advocate it as the next 
general step in progressive live stock 
breeding, they would think it worUi 


The ideas r nd policies of those who 
preach "Use proved sires only", are 
simply an elaboration or refinement 
(with the exclusion from the breed- 
ing scheme of all but tested sires and 
their male progeny) of the principles 
and practices of successful breeders 
in all lines. The exclusion of all but 
proved sires and their progeny would 
have the effect of putting all the work 
of the breeder on the same footin- 
as the experimental matings which 
with most poultry breeders are sup- 
plementary and involve but a small 
part of the operations each year: 
that is, systematic obser\'ation and 
record keeping for this purpose, on 
any adequate scale, calls for experi- 
mental breeding to an extent in- 
compatible with either profitable small 
scale commercial breeding or ordinary 
breeding for pleasure. 

Described in general terms, the 
common practice among our success- 
ful poultry breeders of Standard 
poultry has been to keep over for 
possible use in their own matings 
onlv birds of exceptional quality 
which have also proved exceptionally 
good breeders in those respects ap- 
parent to date, fertility, thriftiness of 





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nock Pedigreed White Leghorns. 





vJne of the largest E. O. F. 

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Ompare Ferris Best Egg Strain chicks with 
any other breeder any strain of V^hite Leg- 
horns- if the Ferris chicks don t outlay the 
others, we will refund part of your money. 
Now you can prove at our ex- 
pense that Ferris White Leg- 
horn chicks are best. You will 
Bet the aarne heavy eag producfaoo 
that wo do at the bi« National E«r 
&)nte»U, for your ehicka too, will 
have the benefit of oar SI years 
experience with culling, trapneat- 
Inir and pedigree breeding to make 
--■- them better. ... A p<>»t«w^. 
letter or the coupon below will bring 
full particular*, and '>"«'»'"?'■' J?*^" 
any number yoo want from 25 to lO.COO. 

Geo. B. Ferris. 921 Union. Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Mr. Ferris: —S«n<S me your catalog and 9P<'f'»* •"'^ 
boSeUn and quote ma lowest price on the foLowing . 

So. Oiieka^ 

. Dat4 uanfed. 







BOOK on 



who has been for years the 
world's outstanding authority on 
battery brooding. This is the only 
book that discusses fully the new 
intensive method of raising poul- 
try. It starts where the hatchery 
leaves off — with the day old chick 
— and ends with the finished pro- 
duct — cockerels for market and 
pullets for the laying flock. 

It presents the whole subject, 
.step by step, and explains all 
underlying principles. In short, it 
covers the whole ground in the 
easily understood manner of the 
practical man who wrote it. Mr. 
Amdt has been identified with the 
battery brooding end of the in- 
dustry since its inception and is 
perhaps better fitted to write a 
book such as this than any other 
man in the country. Fully illus- 
trated and beautifully bound in 
fabrikoid cover. 

Fastest Selling Book 

This book has become to ^e prob- 
ably the fastest selling book on 
poultry that is being sold today. 
It is poultrydom's "Best Seller" 
for 1931! The publishers have 
scarcely been able to keep the 
presses running fast enough to 
keep up with the sales. The edi- 
torial department of EVERY- 
BODYS recommends it as a very 
useful book for all poultrymen. 
The information it contains can 
mean PROFITS for you! 

Price $2.00 

320 pages 

Mail This Coupon Now ! ! 

Fi r your ronvenienco in ordering this 
valuable book, use the coupon below. 
Write your name and address plainly, 
and mail with your check, currency or 
money order. 

Book Department, EVERYBODYS 

Box 286, Hanover, Pa. 

I enclose $2.00. Pleaso send m« Milton 
H. Arndt's book, "Battery Brooding" 


ST. or ET. 


O I slao enckM* $1.00 for 4 years of EVKKyBODTS 

progeny, and quality in superficial 
points as indicated in the growing 
chick. And as a rule, unless a bird 
has been a notable winner whose ad- 
vertising value will strengthen a 
catalog list of matings as long as he 
lives, the old male kept over becomes 
"a reserve male" whose final dis- 
position is not decided until his sons 
and daughters are matured. 

Though few exhibitors of poultry 
go so far, the writer has known many 
non-exhibitors all through the ranks 
of poultrymen who never keep over 
an old male bird, and some of them 
never an old female, but breed en- 
tirely from young birds. Among those 
growing market poultry this is done 
because of the greater fertility of 
young birds. With those who breed 
for looks as well the practice is based 
on the idea that if a male bird has 
not produced sons better than himself 
there is no object in using him again. 
That reasoning may not be altogether 
sound. Some good breeders say that it 
is a matter of mating the bird right. 
Personally I have heard of very few 
cases where a bird disappointing as 
a breeder in his first season later sired 
offspring of quality to justify trying 
him again. 

It is a time honored belief that, 
if in good breeding condition in their 
second season, fowls will produce 
better offspring then than when 
younger or older, though their fer- 
tility is usually less than in their first 
breeding season. This supposed virtue 
of age and full maturity is responsible 
for the widespread custom of mating 
cockerels to old hens and males of 
two years or over to pullets. Belief 
in the superior capacity of two-year 
olds to beget physical size, m par- 
ticular, rests on the generally vident 
greater size of their chicks when 
hatched and in early life ; which seems 
to be sufficiently accounted for by 
the larger size of the eggs in the 
second laying year, and by the gen- 
erally recognized fact that the second 
laying season corresponds with the 
breeding season in such a manner 
that the older hens are in better con- 
dition in the breeding season. So 
true is this that authorities on our 
popular laying breeds almost uni- 
versally advise not breeding from 
hens in their first laying year. 

In these lighter and more active 
breeds many of the old males are 
highly fertile at two and three years 
of age, and the question of keeping 
them over is not so often affected by 
allowance for reduced fertility. But 
in all the heavy breeds and with large 
and meaty males in the medium sized 
breeds, well matured cockerels are 
so much surer stock-getters that only 
extraordinary quality in a male justi- 
fies the trouble and cost of keeping 
him for use another season with per- 
haps little prospect that he will fer- 
tilize eggs satisfactorily until late in 
the season. 

The Earliest Poultry Standard 

Our earliest systematic treatise on 
agriculture was written in Latin by 
a writer named Columella nineteen 
hundred years ago. The section on 
poultry is the most comprehensive 
treatment of the subject until De 
Reamur's work in French in 1749. It 
describes the types of fowls then in 
Italy, and some of the races briefly. 
One race or breed, regarded as the 
favorite with those who kept improved 
stock was described in detail, but not 
given a name. In modern times it has 
been called "Columella's Fowl", The 
detailed description constitutes the 
first written poultry standard known. 
Arranged in the form used for 
standards in modern times it is as 

The Hen 

COLOR — Red, or dark color, with 
black pinions. 

BODY — Strong, square, large 

HEAD — Large and straight. 

COMB — Small, bright red. 

EARS— White. 

TOES— Five. 

The Cock 

as the hen, with larger size and taller. 

COMB — Tall, bright red. not 
crooked or standing awry. 

EYES — Yellow-red, or tending 
somewhat to black. 

BILL — Short and cur\'ed. 

EARS — Very large and white. 

WATTLES — Bright red, tending to 
white, hanging down like grey beards. 

HACKLES — Various colored or 
yellow somewhat varying from a gold 

BREASTS— Broad and fleshy. 

WINGS — Broad and strong. 

TAIL — Very long, with a double 
row of large feathers sticking out on 
each side. 

THIGHS — Large, covered all over 
with thick bristly feathers, all .stand- 
ing on end. 

LEGS — Robust, but not long, with 
sharp spurs. 

TOES— Five. 

In the light of the context and of 
what may be learned from other old 
sources, this standard is highly in- 
structive as to the ideas, principles 
and practices of breeders throughout 
the Roman Empire at the beginning 
of the Christian Era, and also of 
their predecessors back to the begin- 
nings of civilization: for live stock 
breeding antedates the oldest known 
civilizations. Nor is what this standard 
teaches of old ideas and practice of 
value only as a matter of curiosity. 
Its first point of interest for comment 
is one which intimately concerns us 

Why Describe the Female First? 

Because in fowls the most useful 
type of the race is most readily and 
surely discerned in the female. In the 



male the type tends to be obscured 
by the development of a different type 
of plumage of neck and tail, and by 
various actions and posings. And 
when stock of any kind is considered 
first from the point of view of at- 
tractive appearance in individuals of 
the same sex and age; the invariable 
tendency is to allow the development 
of sexual characters to strongly in- 
fluence opinion of relative merit. 
Effeminate males and masculine fe- 
males are not regarded as true to type 
and sex. Many old references to 
poultry indicate that until the modern 
type of show began preservation, 
through reproduction, of the best type 
in the female was one of the main 
points considered in breeding poultry. 
Old breeders in this country have told 
us that until quite late in the last 
century it was the practice of Amer- 
ican poultry fanciers to develop 
"female lines", paying no attention 
to building lines modeled on male 


Production poultry breeders at all 
times have done this quite consistent- 
ly, though under the general con- 
ditions of distribution of stock their 
customers have largely followed the 
other practice. Their doing so might 
explain many failures to keep flocks 
up to the production levels of the 
stocks from which they came. 



the thigh feathers a character pecu- 
liar to those of the hock which make 
what is now called vulture hock. If 
we accept this explanation we can 
readily picture to ourselves a flock of 
"Columellas". With colors in some 
variety ranging from red to black, 
the birds would have the combination 
unknown to us in these days of a face 
and lobes like the Spanish but not 
pure white, vulture hocks, and five 
toes on each foot. 


Male Described More Fully 

Selection of males can always be 
much more rigid than selection of 
females: for the simple reason that 
one male can fertilize the eggs of a 
large number of hens. In breeding 
fowls which have reached a very high 
standard of exhibition quality it is 
necessary to give the same attention 
to all details in females as in males. 
But until stock is well up to per- 
fection according to the standard for 
it the most effective practice to raise 
the quality of the whole flock is to 
select females on the main points 
described in this old Roman standard, 
and then choose a male on these and 
all other points. 

In so far as it can be determined 
it was the universal opinion down to 
a quite recent time that dark colored 

fowls red, brown or black, were 

better layers than others and also 
that their meat was better flavored 
and more nutritious. The mention of 
several colors may reasonably be 
taken to indicate that the hens of a 
flock would be of mixed colors within 
the range given, and the male of any 
of those colors. This does not exclude 
the possibility that son^e breeders 
would always select males of the same 
color, and so establish flocks pre- 
dominantly of that color. 

First Standard Fowl a Freak 

There is one obscure point in this 
standard, the description of the thighs 
as having thick bristly feathers stand- 
ing on end all over. This is probably 
a misobservation of the person writ- 
ing the description, attributing to all 

The Grades and Classes of 
Market Eggs 

The producer of market eggs 
should always keep these facts in 
mind, that the buying public want 
eggs that are clean and eggs that are 
uniform in size and color. It is need- 
less to say that the average purchaser 
of eggs considers such eggs of only 
ordinary quality. 

It is a comparatively simple matter 
to have clean eggs for the market. 
It requires only that the nests be 
cleaned and litter placed in them at 
regular intervals and the eggs 
gathered often. When the nests are 
only cleaned once or twice during the 
entire winter months, dirty eggs will 
be secured from them. Such eggs 
never make a favorable impression 
upon the purchaser. 

It is a very simple matter to select 
eggs that are uniform as to size and 
color, and the producers should keep 
this in mind if they desire the best 
market price for their eggs and should 
select from the eggs they produce 
only those eggs of good size and of 
the same color for market purposes. 
Eggs that are dirty and eggs that are 
of irregular size and shape should be 
retained for family use. If egg pro- 
ducers would observe these things, 
they would soon create a much better 
market for their eggs. 

Variation in Size 

There seems to be little, if any, 
connection between the size of eggs 
produced by an individual hen, al- 
though some White Leghorns often 
produce eggs weighing up to 2% 
ounces each;Minorcas usually produce 
very large eggs, weighing 2 ounces or 
more each. Some eggs weighing as 
much as 3% ounces have been re- 
ported from Black Langshans; several 
were reported as weighing 3 ounces 
or more; as a general rule eggs 
weighing 2 ounces or more each 
should be considered as large eggs; 
ordinary eggs often average less than 
1% ounces each. 

A high grade egg of good quality 
usually weighs much heavier than an 
egg of ordinary quality; for this 
reason there is often considerable 
difference in the weight of egp 
although they may appear to be the 
same size. 

Grades and Classes of Eggs 

The generally accepted egg grades 
now used on the market are firsts. 



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Xhm B««t Book oa 9n«k« 

Raising Du«kB 
For Profit 

Edited and Revised hj 


Puny illcstrated with photo frsphi 
and drawings, and written by the 
country* • foremost authority on 
duck culture, the publishers of 
EVEEYBODYS recommend this 
book M the best eTer published on 
this subject. 

Price $1.00 

Send orders to: 



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No. 619 
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Good Stories, 1 yr. 

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Everybodys Poultry Mag., 2 yra. 
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all £or $1.00 

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No. 626 
Eyerybodys Poultry Mag., 2 yrs. 
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2 YEABS and choice of any fotu (4) 
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Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
Box 286, Hanover, Pa. 

Oentlpinen: I enclose $ Please 

uttrt Club No oomlng to the 

addrrsa balow at onoe. Mine ts a D nt* 
n renewil Q to be eitendeil wibscrlption. 
(NOTE: We will extend Iho subscription of 
any present mihscrilier who wmts to take 
advantife of these exceptional offers). 

D I hare selected my own club and enclose 
Utt of magazines I have checked. 

NAME -- 



seconds, checks, leakers, spots, blood 
rings and rots. To determine these 
grades the eggs are candled. There 
are often produced a grade that is 
known as "Extra Fancy" which are 
special eggs produced for a small 
though special market. Eggs are 
shipped in cases holding 30 dozen 
each; eggs larger than firsts and 
seconds cannot be shipped in or- 
dinary crates. The extra fancy eggs 
are graded for size, shape and color 
and always command a good premium 
on the market. Some markets like a 
white ^zz, therefore an extra fancy 
grade of eggs are known in one city 
as "Nearby Hennery Whites" and 
another city as "Nearby Hennery Se- 
lected Browns." 

Eggs that are commonly found on 
the market weigh from 24 to 28 
ounces per dozen. Firsts are con- 
sidered as weighing 24 to 26 ounces 
per dozen. Some special flocks pro- 
duce eggs up to a weight of 36 to 
40 ounces per dozen; it is not uncom- 
mon for extra fancy eggs to be graded 
to weigh 32 ounces per dozen. 

Firsts must be newly laid, clean 
and unwashed and weigh 24 ounces 
per dozen; must show a small air cell 
and have a strong, smooth shell free 
from cracks. This grade is used for 

Seconds show more or less physical 
or food quality than firsts; they may 
be small, unever in size, odd shaped, 
washed, dirty or be rough shelled. 
They may also show evidence^ of heat- 
ing, blood clots, gn"eenish color of the 
whites, which are known as "grass 

Checks and leakers are eggs with 
cracked shells; when not leaking they 
are known as "blind checks", but 
when leaking they are known as 
"leakers". Such eggs must be used at 

Spots are eggs that contain spots of 
mould or bacteria; some eggs are 
stuck to the inside of the shell and are 
also known as spots. Such eggs are 
not used for food. 

Blood rings are eggs that have dead 
germs in them ; this is due to sufficient 
incubation to start development of 
the germ. This increases the blood 
supply and there appears a pink ring 
around the germs; such eggs are not 
used for food. 

Ducks Are Money Makers 

There is more money in ducks 
than the average poultry man realizes 
because he has either not bred them 
properly, handled their eggs in in- 
cubation so as to get the maximum 
hatch, or fed and cared for them in 
such a way that they are able to 
show the greatest possible profit. The 
care of ducks differs materially from 
the care of hens. They do not require 
as good housing conditions and they 
eat less food ; on the other hand, their 
eggs sell for as much or more than 
hen eggs and for the time and money 
expended the growing of ducklings 

for table use brings in greater re- 
turns than broilers. 

There are two possible sources of 
income from ducks — the sale of e^;^ 
or ducklings. It is up to the individual 
poultry keeper to decide in which 
direction lies the biggest profit for 
him, and the problem of housing 
facilities and suitable markets must 
be considered. Leaving all other 
possible breeds out of the question, 
experience has taught us that there 
is no better egg layer among the 
ducks than the Indian Runner and for 
raising ducklings for the table the 
White Pekin can not be beat. 

The economical value of the Run- 
ner duck consists principally in egg 
production. One hundred fifty to 250 
eggs per year are common averages. 
The eggs are a trifle larger than a 
good sized Leghorn egg. They are 
great foragers, and will pick up a 
living where an Aylesbury duck would 
starve. They can get along without 
swimming and some of the best re- 
sults are obtained on dry land. They 
mature very quickly and beg^n to lay 
when they are five to seven months 

In almost all localities there is con- 
siderable demand for hatching eggs 
of such breeds as Runners, Pekins, 
Buffs and Rouens. Duck eggs are 
equally as good as hen eggs for home 
consumption and culinary purposes. 
A certain poultryman markets his 
eggs to hotels and bakeries and he 
always sells them for a better price 
than he gets for his hen eggs. 

As far as the table duck is con- 
cerned, the Pekin is almost unbeat- 
able. They may be bred and reared 
in places where other classes of 
poultry would be out of the question. 
The breeding stock may be given a 
small ^ass range, large enough to 
keep them in order and to prevent 
fowling after they have been on it a 
few months. A place for swimming is 
not really necessary, although these 
ducks breed to good ad\'antage on 

The ducklings need no water if they 
are to be killed at an early age, as 
they must be if they are sold for table 
use. The birds are fed heavily so as 
to reach marketable size in 10 weeks 
or thereabouts. The tenderness and 
flavor of the flesh can be secured 
only by this quick and complete fat- 
tening process. They bring good 
prices, especially in the larger city 

Ducks are hardy and will stand a 
great deal of neglect. They should not 
be confined to small quarters, even 
in winter. It does them no harm to 
travel about in practically all kinds 
of weather, even when the ground is 
frosty or covered with snow. They 
are very filthy in their habits, hence 
the quarters will need almost daily 

As ducks sleep on the floor, it is 
necessary that they have a dry place 
to spend the night in order to keep 



them from contracting colds and ^^^^^ from the care of hen eggs The 
other ailments. The floor should be eggs, of course are ^urned twice a 
cleaned every day. It is not much of day after they have been m the in- 
a job if done regularly. A small cubator two days. They are cooled 


amount of clean litter can be spread, 
and this assures a dry place to sleep. 
Ducks, as a rule, will not lay many 
eggs during the coldest weather, but 
through proper feeding it is possible 
to start them several weeks earlier 
than would be the case under ordinary 
conditions. A good ration for ducks 

once a day during the first part of 
the hatch and twice a day during the 
last half, often leaving them out of 
the incubate- 20 minutes or one-half 
hour toward the last. 

The eggs should be sprinkled twice 
a week after the first week and twice 
a day the last four days, even when 

buttermilk. This ^^^uid oe lea v ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

r^„::/^:rM„." o'ra T^Ubt eLc a«er it U kept as close to ,03 

form ot cooKea ^" i^ .j_ ^ ^^er the eggs are pipped. The 

fble'^heT'^n -? ofditVclover, hatch should be completed after the 

provided it is given to them in a 28th day. 

clean state. It is a good plan to do 
most of the feeding outside m order 
to avoid messing up the quarters. 

Drinking fountains should be pro- 
vided sufficiently deep for the birds 
to immerse the entire head, but not 
large enough for them to get into. Of 

An ordinary colony house will 
prove satisfactory in brooding the 
ducklings. Sand is the only litter 
necessary on the floor. After the 
ducklings are two weeks old, the 
house should be cleaned every day. 

The young ducklings should be fed 

swim, drinking fountains are not ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^^y j^oked after and 

necessary. ^ ;*. ;„ tViP nena kent clean and dry. When 

To breed for table purpose it s J^^! ,Pf"\^f ..^..j,^ .^ndiUons are 

best to select Pekin ducks that have 
been laying a month or two and mate 
them to an unrelated drake in his 
second year. There should be one 
drake to every three or four ducks 
as this makes sure of a high percent- 
age of fertility. Later in the season, 
the number of ducks may be in- 
creased, but never should one drake 
have more than six females with him. 
Ducks lay most of their eggs in the 
morning and, as they may stray away, 
it is advisable to keep them confined 
to their house until eight or nine 
o'clock, after which hour not many 
eggs will be laid. In this manner one 
prevents eggs from being laid in 
places where they can not be found. 

feeding and housing conditions are 
good, there is little loss from disease. 


Three 8uJ>scribers have written Everybodys 
within the past we.k making inquiry whether 
we knew of any small farms not more than 
75 miles from New York City for Rale. One 
of these readers desiren about 10 acres and 
already equipped as a commervial poultry 
plant, while the other two are not particular 
whether equipj.ed or not, but desire sma.l 
acreage suitable to raise poultry and fruit. 

If you know of any Mich farms for sale 
reasonably t»ose to the New York n»a''*'.'\. 
kindly give Everybody s the partirulars, whioh 
will be pasned on to the interested parties. 


. , „ 4:«„nn ThH manufacturers celling to poultry 

aces where they can not be lO^na. ^^.^^^^ ^^^^ breeders and hatrheryman oflfertng 

Fertility of the eggs is considered i^^^^^ing stock, hatching eggs and baby 

„r.^A if it is as high as 85 per cent. chicks for sale fully appreciate the help ol 

good If It IS as ^ Kn » v^tg^ed is a good and comprehensive catalog of what 

The percent of ducklingb natcnea is a j. ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ......mpiisheK for the pur- 
much lower than that. A 60 per cent ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^ ,i„^ ^^ t,u,iness do we find 
hatch is a good one. The care of duck „ i„,..r..sting ^-^^^-'^^^:_^. "'"•''* 

:g^<iGi^rS^in<;:;;mti;n d^kers some- ^^Z^. as in .his poultry busines. 

No Other House Is As 


■l/.ll' >\M 


OlilckB need the bert of caxe — and 
Uie best of shelter— If t^ey are to 
Uve. Invest now In a IieoU Brooder 
House— and know that yon wlU be 
able to raise a greater percenUge 
of your chicks than ever before. 
Round. No dark comers. Three 
large windows. Plenty of sunlight 
and fresh Air. No cold side walls. 
No moisture condensation. Easy to 
heat. Simple to keep clean. Always 
warm. Well ventilated. No crowding 
In corners. Shipped knock.^d down. 
Write for low prices, literature, 
brooding information. 


BOX J 4 liEOLA. FA. 

Try This N^w 



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EVERYBODYS. always noted for 
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more spare to helpful hints, de- 
penda>)le suggestions and advice, 
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saving ideas. 

EVERYBODYS believes Impliclty 
in the continued prosperity of its 
readers and restoration of higher 
prices for eggs and poultry in the 
immediate future. 

What you do now and for the next 
several months will have an im- 
portant bearing on your future 

You need EVERYBODYS. now, 
more than ever, so do not permit 
your subscription to lapse. 

: AddrttB all order* and remittances to 


Hanover, Pa. 

News Notes And Comments 


A Barred Plymouth Rock pullet in the 
Pennsylvania State College flock laid 301 
eggs in her first year of production, reports 
E. W. Callenbach, of the college poultry 
husbandry department. 

No. 2811, as she is known to the poultry 
plant workers, started laying September 16, 
1930 when she was only 163 days old, an 
unusually early beginning for a bird of the 
Barred Rock variety. Her eggs average 25 
ounces a dozen. 

Pour sisters of the new Penn State record- 
maker laid over 200 eggs each for the year. 
Their production was 210, 234. 262, and 264 
eggs. The dam of tliese pullets laid 227 eggs 
in her first year of production and 165 eggs 
the second year. 


Read Headed Rosie, Rhode Island Red hen 
bred and owned by Roya W. Booth. Clinton, 
Mo., won first place and $.')0 loving cup for 
her owner in the Georgia State Egg Laying 
Contest just completed. This is the second 
consecutive victory for Mr. Booth's hens in 
this contest. Dixiana. a White Leghorn 
having won the honors last year. 

Mr. Booth had the high hen, also a Red, 
in the Florida contest and a pen of five 
Reds won the pen competition in the same 
contest. In Oklahoma, Mr. Booth's White 
Leghorns finished first and second in the pen 
contest, and another pen of Leghorns was 
second in the San Antonio competition. 

Praotically every breeder of consequence 
was represented in these four contests. 


We have a letter from "Dick" Hammond. 
President of the Boston Poultry Show, wel- 
coming the "Old Guard" to Boston. Decem- 
ber 31-January 3, and promising to do every- 
thing to make the dinner at 6:30 P. M., 
the first night of the show (December 31), 
a success. 

Comrade John H. Robinson, New England 
Vice-president will preside, ably assisted by 
"Uncle Billy" Bright, "Dick" Hammond, 
Paul Ives and Harvey Wood. It reads like a 
"wise-cracker" convention. Pa\»l Ives will 
have charge of dinner arrangements. .411 you 
New England boys who have been breeding 
and exhibiting poultry 20 years or more are 
invited to write for details to Louis Paul 
Graham, Sec'y-Treas., 4815 Elm Street, 
Niles Center, Illinois. Also be sure to see 
Paul Ives at Boston first day and arrange to 
attend the dinner. 


Our friend Glenn H. Campbell of Campbell 
and Sanford Advertising Agency, Cleveland. 
Ohio, believes that more losses to poultrymen 
are due to lice and mites than any one other 
cause. To emphasize this he sends us some 
most convincing argument in the way of a 
booklet he has personally prepared for his 
client, the manufacturers of Black Leaf 40. 
We agree with Mr. CampbelL 


In reading the advertisements in this 
January Evrrybodys know that regardless of 
the space the advertiser uses they cannot in 
this limited space tell you all about what 
they have for sale. It will pay you to ask 
for the catalogs, booklets and other literature 
as suggested by these advertisers. 


The Pennsylvania Farm Products Show will 
be bigger and better than ever if this is 
possible. Don't forget the dates Jan. 18th to 
22nd. No one has ever attended the Farm 
Products Show and not have been benefitted 
through its many features. 


You can deal with confidence with every 
advertiser in Everybodys Poultry Magazine. 
In writing them say "I read your advertise- 
iment in Everybodys." Thejr will appreciate 
this and so wilt we. 


That the New York Madison Square Garden 
Show has been called off this year will be a 
keen disappointment to many who have not 
missed with as entry or in their personal 
attendance for years. Shows like New York 
cost real money to i)ut on. they must to 
exist not only have big entries but big 
attendance. A falling off of either or both is 
sure to cause a greater loss to the manage- 
ment than any one group of individuals want 
to assume or should be expected to stand. 
Hero's hoping that by next year things will 
be different and that old New York Show 
will again be at the forefront with an ex- 
position that will be patronized by every 
branch of the industry. 


Bird's eye view of Putnam Brooder Heater. 
In this view the top of the brooder has been 
out oft to show the Brooder Heater and the 
chicks cuddled about it. 

"Yes there is something new under the 
sun" is the subject of a broadside being 
mailed by Ira Petersime and Son. Gettysburg, 
Ohio, descriptive of their new mammoth in- 
cubator equipment. 

We have available, or can obtain for you, 
booklets and bulletins on most any subject 
co\'<ering poultry culture in which you are 
interested. "How to Brood Chicks" — "How 
and What To Feed" — "Proper Ventilation" 
— "Care and Management", etc. Let us know 
your problems and we will see that you 
receive the booklet or bulletin that will be 
of help to you. This service is free to all 
our subscribers. Address — Service Depart- 
ment, Everybodys Poultry Magazine, Hanover, 


The Pratt Food Cos. radio broadcasts 
direct frcm their experiment farm outside 
of Philadelphia, Pa., are creating a lot of 
interest. We find ourselves late at the office 
on Thursdays, but the time well spent from 
one to one-fifteen listening in over any one 
of the Columbia network stations. Listen in 
on Thursday one noon Eastern time, twelve 
noon. Central time. 

In writing advertisers, plainly state that 
you read their advertisement in Everybodys. 
It will pr(>ve the connecting link to a most 
satisfactory purchase and sale. 


Acc-ording to advance reports, the Boston 
Poultry Show is going to break last year's 
record by a considerable margin, both in the 
way of exhibits of birds in competition and 
commercial exhibits. 

Malcolm I. Campbell, noted manager of this 
show, together with his capable assistants 
have been working even harder than usual to 
put this famous old show over in grander 
style than ever, and judging from past ex- 
hibits, that will be quite some accomplishment. 

The attendance at Boston shows has always 
been far above the average and it looks as 
though this year, from December 30th to 
January 3rd will bo no exception, and will 
find the Bostonians out in full force 


The Traffic Signal 
Says GO! 

to the conscientious poultryman 
who will 


D urines this period especially, the poul- 
try flock that is going to pay is the 
one that receives the most expert care 
from its owner's hands. That poultryman 
who is willing to "read up" during these 
coming long winter evenings, and apply 
the knowledge gained from GOOD 
POULTRY BOOKS to the management 
of his flock, is going to be able to get 
better results. Any one of these books can 
help you. They have been selected for 
that purpose. Send in your order TOD ^Y, 


By M. H. Arndt, who is perhaps the world's best- 
versed authority on battery brooding. This is the only 
book that discusses fully the new intensive method of 
raising poultry. It presents the whole subject, step by 
step. It covers the entire ground in the easily under- 
stood manner of the practical man who wrote it. 
820 pages, fully illustrated and beautiful- ^^ ^^ 
ly bound in fabrikoid cover vpZfUU 

By Lamon and Kinghorne. Contains latest information 
about Breeding, Incubation, Brooding, Feeding 
Chicks, Preserving Eggs, Poultry Housing, Diseases 
and Treatment, Capons, Feeding for Eggs, Artificial 
Lighting, Culling, Marketing, and many more sub- 
jects. 368 pages, 300 illustrations, ^^ ^^ 
cloth bound *pL'\J\J 


By James E. Rice, Goldan O. Hall and Dean R. 
Marble, all of Cornell. A very late book describing 
methods of judging birds for eggs and meat produc- 
tion. It tells you how to select birds for any purpose 
needed. 425 pages, cloth binding, ^>, — - 

well illustrated vp J* / -5 

By M. A. Juil, Senior Poultry Husbandman^ 
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. A complete en- 
cyclopedia of up-to-date practice. Filled witb 
hundreds of useful facts, tips, tested methodi 
of every branch of the work. Tells how to 
raise the best chickens, how to manage yoin 
business. Covers production, marketing, by- 
products, etc. Many new illustrations, 689 
pages, 229 illustrations, ^y a ^vr^ 

138 tables v|>4»VA; 


By L. E. KJine. A complete text of Breeding, 
\ eeding. Handling and Disease Control. New 
book contains all the latest information. 800 
pages, 93 illustrations, ^^ ^-^-^ 

cloth bound vp3>UU 


By Roy H. Waite. A new book that gives you all ths 
latest and best information on practical application 
of all the principles of poultry husbandry. Covers not 
only the breeding, housing, feeding and growing of 
young stock, but also the marketing, managing and 
bookkeeping problems of the poultry raiser. A com- 
plete manual on poultry raising. 130 pages. ^^ ^^ 
Cross reference index vj) JOC/ 


By Farley Porter. A new book that is designed to 
make more dollars for either the experienced poultry- 
man or the beginner. The author writes from actual 
experience. He tells of things that have worked to 
advantage on his own farm. 40 important ^^ -^^ 
chapters on up-to-date management Jpl'UU 


By L. M. Hurd. The latest practical helps, including 
information not in any other poultry book. ^^ ^^ 
428 pages, 149 illustrations, cloth bound. . . vp^^OU 


By James E. Rice and H. E. Botsford. A late book 
setting forth the experiences and research work of 
these well known poultrymen. 506 pages, ^^ _j^ 
well illustrated, well indexed, cloth bound . «p^*f ^ 


By Dr. B. F. Kaupp. A complete and reliable book by 
a competent authority. Gives symptoms, remedies and 
preventive measures, all based on laboratory tests 
and post mortems. 342 pages, clothbound, ^'y £*/x 
weU illustrated q> JOV/ 

^end Orders to Book De|>t., EVERYBODYS, Hanover, Va. 



Again International Champions 

Under even stronger competition 
than in 1930 


liJ^est alid Best Quality Turkey Show 
ever staged— Five firsts, five seconds^ 
five thirds, and four fourths. Grand 
Champion. First Master Breeder s Dis- 
play, and many other Special Awards. 

We ship anywhere to any climate. 
Several thousand selected breeders of 
the same breeding as these International 
winners at reasonable prices you can 
afford to pay. 98% Uvability proves their 
vitality. We sell hundreds of birds to a 
customer. Get our prices on large lots. 

Best exhibition birds 
described and priced 
upon request. New 
fall folder. 

Turkey Department 





3rtl otr^Chlcato Box 37. Planada, Calif. \ 

White Hollands 

winnings at t»»e, ^W- 
cago International 1931 
Two Champloni. ov«r til 
breeds. Five «"»» »||* »,' * 
pouible »iK. Best diiplay- 

Originator of the Snow 
White Strain 


BIRD BROS win again! 

8QU«n> Garden, l^i,'- . ;iVkey" the grealcsl 
this *""de'tul entry o turkeys "^^«^,„^„ 

•Jid fuU drgorlptlMi of " .; 
moni. Turkey.. Hl«heM J^tnneM 
k at Garden for more than score 
of years. 

BIRD BEOS. Box J.Meyersdale.Pa. 

TURKEYS Brand Chawpie" 
Itrais Win wl.crerer shown. 
iK from my nock aiul mat ags 
"on all tlrsls oTer my exhibit al 
r-h?ca«o, 1931 Internationa . l'r.«- 
liVg that I sell bird, which w.n 

^he t>e«t shows. The*e winning 
birds were from my J92' *■ •"'^ 
Champion InteriiHional Show. 

We oan nupply . show birds. 

for caulrK. Kirs. Albert Schaiiai 
4, 8«n. Barnard. Kansas. 


Big Toms. 193U halrtiod 20 to 2i 

\bl $8.M): 12 to M lb. Young 

H^n's. fioTci. J5.00 Black Gl^t 

Heni and Pullets $1.75. 

- ^ „ -.^^^_i^^.^ - White and Barred nock 

/^V^^^HBI^ Hens an.l L«ytnf. ^T\ 

ft^-i^^^^^^vjI^S'-SO. K. 1. Reds. Black 

'^y^^^^lFv>/^ GlantA. N^'hlte and Barred 

■ Bock Cocks or Cockered fan^. 

t^ 00 aaeb: our wry best, 


"Turkey Production" 

By L. E. Kline 

A new book covering every 
phase of the turkey industry. A 
book of 301 pages, cloth bound. 
94 instructive illustrations, 
$3.00 postpaid. 

Order from 

EVXEYB0DT8, Box 286, HanoTer, P». 

The Show 

The premier event of all turkey 
exhibitions of the year is the Inter- 
national Turkey Association which 
was held this year in connection with 
the Chicago Coliseum Show, Decenri- 
ber 1-6. In every respect it certainly 
was the world's quality turkey show. 

Persons who have never visited a 
show under the management of Har- 
vey C. Wood, do not fully appreciate 
the wholesome welcome which greets 
one at the very entrance to this 
mammoth hall, with its beautiful 
summer setting. The turkey ilkjiave 
no stauncher friend than Mr. Wood. 
His efforts to have important essen- 
tials at the command of exhibitors 
and visitors alike, were a charmmg 
success, and what a turkey week we 


To be exact 271 turkeys were on 
parade before the thousands who 
lingered along the turkey aisles, and 
the awards in most classes were close- 
ly drawn. The attendance of turkey 
breeders was splendid, the week being 
a continual round-the-group turkey 
talk A prominent poultry fancier 
who had been casting a jealous eye 
toward the turkey corner, said to me, 
"You turkey folks are so clannish, you 
never mix with the rest of us." There 
was but one reply and that was telling 
of the importance of this annual get- 
together, which meant for some, 
either a year's failure or success; it 
depended upon the help received 
during the show week. . . . , 

The usual comparison of birds 
while the judges worked, occupied 
much of our day time, and each eve- 
ning there was a central group com- 
bining honest-to-goodness sales and 
discussions, with just enough social 
atmosphere to delight all. Head- 
quarters for a large number of the 
turkey following, centered at the New 
Southern Hotel which was near Vhe 
Coliseum. Here Southern hospitalTty 
was extended and the lobbies and 

parlors thrown open ^or^^^J^^V^^^ 
Linment of the guests On Wednes- 
day evening, 22 had dinner in the 
dining room of the New Southern, 
with Mrs. Homer Price of Newark 
Ohio and Mrs. Gladys Honssinger of 
Lebanon, Mo., presiding as table 

hostesses. Walkpr 

The judges were A. D. wa mer, 
Memphii. Mo., George W Hack^tt 
Wavzata. Minn., and Prof. W. R. Kice 
of the Maryland University. 

The annual meeting of the Inter- 
nation Turkey Association was held 
on Thursday morning. Cyrus M. Bird 

was re-elected as president and Mrs. 
George Streck, secretary-treasurer. 
The association was able to meet the 
special show awards with a neat bal- 
ance in the treasury. ^ .. „ ,^^ 
The cup presented by C. N. Myers, 
president of Everybodys. ^a^ cap- 
tured by Mrs. M. M. Reiman of Plan- 
ada. California, for the best Bronze 
turkey in the show. 

A full list of the special awards 
will be given in the February issue of 

Outlook For 1932 

In spite of the over production cry 
early in the year, government reports 
show but a slight gene^l i""^^*„"^* 
and not as many as m 1929. Penn- 
sylvania crop is slightly below that 
of last year. Judging from plans at 
all points of the compass, there will 
be no definite increase in the l\)6Z 
flocks, but we do hear ^^-^^^rs say 
they are bound to raise the Aoc^ 
standard, both in feathers and finish. 
This is a healthy significance. Com- 
mercial mass production has the same 
toad stool existence as in other lines 
of business but over the thickly 
populated Eastern section this is not 
of serious consequence for turkeys 
are in greater demand. Be thoughtful 
of the size of your turkey flock before 
deciding to increase. However, do 
keep busy on how to produce better 

Quality Turkeys 

Fluctuating prices of the holiday 
season need not cause much worry 
for the growers who have developed a 
strong local market Some breeders 
tell that they have held back a num- 
ber of extra birds for the repeat 
orders which keep coming in until late 
spring. With the price about the same 
as choice meat cuts, of course most 
families prefer a turkey dinner. 
Something festive about turkey, you 
kn^w. and the thrill of having turkey 

" TheTame old story is heard down 
around the commission row that en- 
tirely too many unfit turkeys are 
iuced on the early market^ Just why 
poorly fleshed stock is rushed to the 
front! remains a problem. One large 
flock visited late in November seemed 
to be eating grain at a surprising rate 
and the large range mash hoppers 
were doing a land office business The 
Contented owner leaning against the 
fence post said he was not hustling 
them off for the Thanksgiving market 
forVey would gain five pounds each 
until Christmas and their sale would 




give him a better turkey reputation. \t:J.\ ."o^'Z^uf^tuSt: .Ti>. T want informatiOIl— 

Not bad philosophy for those who in- ^j^ and Mrs. o. J. Sheiton; 9. Mrs. Geo. -L WdllL lillUllliaLlV^H 

tend to stay with the turkey game. streck; 17, H. L. Rosengren; 19, Michigan fp,^ j^g following nrras whose advertisement I h*f» 

State College **«** '" ''''^ "■■ recent Issues of EVERYBODYS. I 

__., . ,. m -tr understand that you will send on this coupon to thr 

y/ tl/TinCLtlOYL Bronse, Yearling Hen. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, M. Aitbs I have named and obtain the Information 1 want 

r t^vuna***.!.^!!' ^ Reiman; 6, 11, Mrs. Alice Wolfe Sattler; In the shortest possible Ume. 

At the Chicago show we learned g, lo, 13, 14, 15. Mr. and Mrs. o. J. Shei- «,.^.«^«m<».«.«.«.«.«.«.«,«.m,m«.mm«.«.«.m.m«. 

more of vaccination, always an in- ton; 9, Mrs. O. S. Dooley; 12, Mrs. Geo. 

teresting subject as preventatives streck. ^a„, of Advertiser: 

J 11„«;„o. ♦UoT, /.iiroQ After NarraganMtt. H. L. Rosengren: 1, Old send Information advertised in Everybodys Pwiltry Ma«, 

sound more alluring tnan cures. Aiier ^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^^ 1-2-35-6-8 Young Cock. 

all the strongest turkey is the one that 1-2-5 Young Hen. 1 Yearling Cock, 2-3 Year- My Name 

has not had to wrestle with disease and ling Hen. Mrs. Albert Schmidt: 2-3 Old Cock. 

ofo„«. o /./xvna Kaot TViiQ i«! a hint for 2 Old Hen. 4-7 Young Cock. 3-4 Young Hen. 

Stage a come back. This is a hint, lOr ^^ y.^rling Cock, l Yearling Hen. Edna .street or R. K. I. - 

we all know of vaccine and the hornd ^^^ Maude Sheckler: 6-7 Young Hen. 

affections it prevents. Roup, cold and Bourbon Bed. Gladys Honssinger: 1 Old Town and sute 

cankers all signify low vitality and Cock. l old Hen. 1-3 Young Cock. 12 Young .^.^.^.^.^.^.^.^.^■^.^.^^^^■^.^mm'^m^^mm.m.-^ 

the few cents spent for vaccination is ?-•. V^i'^c^ocr^/olr'S "TroiZ ^ , ^^ „, 

a small """'y'-.mpared to worrying g- 3.,%^ ■„ ..3..v~r„„_c^w ^,l:X^;.Ua\.:^^^,.^^n„-^. 

with pus condition about the head 1.5.6 Yearling Hen. Kempley Turkey Ranch: 

and mouth and the fear of losing 3 Old Cock. 3 Old Hen 4 Young Cock. 5-6 

*^ "" , ,. u^^^A^r-a Young Hen. 5 Yearling Cock. 2 Yearling Hen. My Name 

maybe the best breeders. Mrs. Emma Snyder: 6 Young Cock. 7 Year- 

T^ . ling Cock. 4-7 Yearling Hen. Edwin Burns: 8,„et or R. P. D 

UeWOrming 4 Yearling Cock. 

Te a number of inquiries about white HoUand. Mrs. Homer Price: l Old ^^^ ^^^ g^^j^ 

deworming the turkey flock, has come Co^c.^iJ^.d „e. ^f^^;^^^^ «„»* \% 

this reply: Keep the flock clean dur- y^afiing Hen. J. M. Roxburg: 2 Old Cock. 

ine the brooding season, a dosage 2 Old Hen. 7-8-11-13 Young Cock. 4-6 7 Name of Advertiser: ••• 

when they are turned out on fall ^-"'^^"-•/./-r^^Su^ts 'a'oTd'S "-<»'"'-'»'- -'-^'"^ '" ^-'-'~''>' ^-""^ ^ 

J • u«.» 4.V.0, o«1a/.f;r.n io Hen. Mr. and Mrs. A. O. Starks. J uia v;ock. 

range and again when the selection IS ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ young Cock. 8 Young ^y Name 

made for the breeders. Another com- Hen, 4 Yearling Cock. 3 Yearling Hen. 

mon practice is to repeat the dose Kempley Turkey Ranch: 10 Young Cock. 6 ^^^^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ 

before they come into full egg pro- VearUng He^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^,^^ 

duction. Buskirk. ''°*" *"•* ^''" 

Now that sounds like a busy pro- .^^.^mmmmmmmmmm.ii.»mm^m^mmmm<i..^ 

gram, but after all is it not a safe tubkey shows 

one? Following a regular schedule for j„. Madison Square Garden. New ^;;^Vflr^7rL've,;iaedlnEverybody,Poui;;yM.«: 

dewormine safegards the flock and York City. 

aeworming s**^^^ ^««o« tho nnprv J»n. 1318. All-World Turkey Show. Dallas. 

IS economical. Then comes the query ^^^^^; My Name 

of what shall we use? The firms manu- j^^^" 18.22. Pennsylvania Farm Show. Har- 

facturing worm remedies are more risburg, Pa. street or a f. d 

than glad to give out information. „ f "• /J,f ^/'J,^""'^'" "^"''^ ''""" 

You would be surprised how pleased ^JJJ^ gg 29. All-Maryland Turkey Show. Town and state 

they are for turkey inquiries. Write Chestertown. Md. sponsored by the Cheater- .^.^^^^^mmmmmmmmmmmmmmm^mm^^ 

them and you shall have prompt re- town Chamber of Commerce, the Cooperative 

inem ana you s -nd nrecedure Kent County Turkey Association and the ^.^^^^, ..drortli^r: 

ply as to the dosage ana preceaure. g^j^^^.^^^ Department of the University of g,^ inf„„a« loo ,dvertl.edln Everybo<l>» Poultry Ma«. 

You may be having an outstanding Maryland. 

experience in your flock which will be — _ ^^ ^^^ 

of value to these firms. There should _-^ ^ .^ 

be no hesitancy in obtaining full I tihl 3Al street or r. f. d 

knowledge of worm remedies for j'l^ig ahout TurkeyS 

turkeys, when it is to be had for the Town and state 

cost of postage. Select a reliable firm Mr'^H-" J;o!:?.!;*;nTthe corner .tone of 

from the advertising columns of ^^^ foundation underlying this whole Turkey 

Everybodys, and let them hear from Business— cheaper production and a greater N«ra« of Advertiser, ^j J . " • ; _y '^rV " ' ^ ;" "^^ 

^ ' ' volume of business. The turkey fiock can be send Information ^iverilsed In Everybodj. Poultry Ma«. 

y°"- the best paying of all poultry, if production 

costs are watched, and the first step in that ^^ ^.^, 

TTjaKEY AWARDS AT CHICAOO program i. to ^ave turkeys that will rnature 

Bron... Old CoC. 1. 2. 3 7. M>r Reiman: -'-^ t^rt ^^onVh';- ^^r^^T:. «- or a F. O 

4. Mr. and Mr.. O. J. Sheiton; 5 Mrs. OS {f,\",^^,\/ y,^^ . mountain and if the 

Dooley ; 6. Francs Hovde .8. .John O^ Allen J^" '^" ^^^ ,he type to mature quickly. T,«.n and state 

9. Ira Gregory; 10 Mrs. Emma Snyder; 11. ^Yth y?«mp round breasts, and a body frame 

Michigan State College. ^^^^ ^^^^^ .^ covered all over with good turkey 

Bronze, Old Hen. 1. 2. 3. 4. 6. M. M. ^^^j the profit of your turkey business will v,..prii«.r 

Reiman; 5 8. 9 Mr and Mrs^ O.J Sheiton; ^^ ,^ ^^e feed producer instead of your ^/J.^/J.,,,. ,,,„,. ^,,„E„^h„dy. Poult r, M... 

7, Francis Hovde; 10. Mrs. Oeo. HtrecK, ii. pocket." 

Michigan State College. 

Bronze. Toting Cock. 1, 2. 3, 4. 6. 14. M. jj^, £ Lindsay, British Columbia. My Name 

M. Reiman; 5. 7. 8. 13. 15, Mr. and Mrs. • -We should have praduatcd by now beyond 

O. J. Sheiton; 11. 20, 21, Mrs. Alice Wolfe ^^^ ^^^ ,nd breadcrumb stage. Busy modern j^^^j „, r y, n 

Sattler- 12. 16. Mrs. Edward Prince; 17. turkey raisers have no time for methods as 

Geo. Lamm; 18. Ira Gregory; 19. Francis ^^^ ^j jate a. red flannel petticoats and ^^^ ^^^^^ 

Hovde; 23. 25, H. L. Rosengren; 24. Mrs. bustles." ' ,^.^.^,^.».».^,».»m*-«.mmmm*.*-* 

O. S. Dooley. .^mm.mmmmm.^mmm <« «. 

Bronze, Young Hen. 1. 2. 4. 7. 12. 13. 16, Henry W. Domes, Oregon. 

18. M. M. Reiman; 3, 9. 21. 22. 23. 24. Mr. ..jiany turkey growers do not know ^»»« "/ *'*,7"'y. ^,,,- j, „ p_,-_^, pouUr, M... 

and Mrs. O. J. Sheiton; 5. 11. 19. Mrs. Oeo. ^-hether to mate related birds or buy new Send information advertised In Everybody. Fouiir, ... 

Streck; 6, John O. Allen; 8, Mrs. O. S. toms each year. Close inbreeding has a 

Dooley'; 10, Mrs. Edward Prince; 15. Francis tendency toward weakness. People who are j,y j^.n,, 

Hovde' 17, Wallace H. Jerome; 20. Mrs. careless should not mate related birds as they 

Alice Wolfe Sattler; 25, Edna and Maude ^^ liable to produce weak and undesirable „,.„.,„» 5. d 

Sheckler. qualities. Careful breeder, may fix both Street or k. * 

Bronze, TearUng Cock. 1, 20, Mr.. Alice .trength and type by mating related bird. 

Wolfe Sattler; 2. 5. Mrs. O. S. Dooley; 3. that are 100 per cent strong. To^n and State 



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Tested. Production bred matings. Beauutully 
.«,«ttled. Stock, chicks. f.KK"- Catal..? free. 
Nichors Poultry Farm. Box K. Monmouth. 

marked, healthy, large Lay big eggs^ Pay 
real money. Stock. Chicks. Lggs Catalog free. 
Nichol's Poultry Farm. Box Y. Monmouth. 

Illinois^ — 

^AMERICAN ANCONAS. breeder-s tested. 

tra large, exceptional matings. Free catalog. 

tra large. ^^^^ Ancona Farms. Gram- 



low prices 

■yia n. Pa. 

ANCONA PULLETS. Matching Eggs _ 

tifitd Baby Chicks. CaUlog free. Mary Maude 

Farms, Box 118. Portland. Ind- »t»bm 

best. 18 profitable breeds. Backed by years 
of breeding and best blood lines. Tested. 
Large catalog free. Nichora Poultry Farm. 
Box K. Monmouth. 111. SObam 

from great, big, heavyweight Plymouth Rock. 
Red. and ten pound Jersey Black and \\hite 
Giant— Light Brahma breeders, Wyandottes, 
Orpingtons. Extra quality, plump, fat, market 
chicks. Guaranteed to-live, vigorous, healthy. 
Make vou the most profit. Quick delivery. 
Generous discount. Valuable broiler raising 
suggestions. Mention variety you like best. 
Farm Service. Rt. 5, Tyrone. Penna. SObam 


- ANDALUSIAN"CX)CKERHLS. pullets, trios, 
pens. Reasonable prices for quality stock 
L. E. Taylor, Gibsonburg. Ohio. "> 



E«r chicks pulleta at reasonable prices. 
ofborne Farms,'\^ox 17. Holland, Mich, tfbam 
" CVRVER'S FAMOUS Laying Australorps, 
first' winner* Madison Square Garden Iscw 
book 10 cents. Illustrated. By A. A. CarNer. 
Burlington. Wisronsij^ 

^'Order Getters** 

is the best answer to why 
the number of classified 
advertisers are ever on the 
increase in Everybody*. 


Guaranteed To- Live. 7c up. Poultry experts 
from four departments of U. S. Government 
"a^■e purchased our chicks— this is Pox't'^e 
proof of quality! WTiy pay more, when you 
<an get our bloodtested world-famous Tan- 
cred Fishel. Thompson. Holterman and other 
bl.K)dline8. priced as low or even lower than 
ordinary chicks. For better layers bigger 
broilers%eavier market fowl.s- or all around 

coney makers, you just <■»" » .fi"**. **t>" 
ehicks. Read our guarantee to »'^ «'"*'." 
Poultry Book crammed full of valuable in- 
formaton. 100% live delivery J"»"«Jf;;f,' 
Write today. Thornwood Poultry Yards Dept^ 

120-A. Cra ndall, Ind. 1^}^^ 

be made this ye^r with just 
ordinary chicks. You will have to 
have 1st. chicks that will live; 
2nd. chirks that will develop 
— _ , — quickly and properly. 3rd. chicks 
that are bred from extra good laying stork. 
Our chicks meet these qualifications and are 
priced as low as ordinary chicks. Catalog and 
new low price* will be sent free upon request 
Davis Poultry Farm, Rt. 13. Ramsey, Ind. 78 

17 VARIETIES of Baby Chicks. With con- 
sistent bloodtesting and rigid culling we 
guarantee you the most your dollar will buy. 
Many report our heavy breeds laying under 
five months old, liitht breeds under four, one 
pound broilers at f«)ur weeks. Write for cata- 
logue it is beautifully illustrated and gives 
full details. Atz's Blue Mound HatcherieB. 
Milltown. Ind. ^'^"' 

RKtJAL DORCAS White Wyandotte Chicks. 
Breeders tested. 258 egg record. Ledger 
Conte.>.t. Low prices, free catalog. I^eiser s 

Whit e Acres. Gramp ian.^^a. 83bam 

~Tn:LSrS accredited chicks— winners 
Second Prize Poultry Tribune's Chick Grow- 
ing Contest. Winners t^^^nty ,?"•«*«— i^'^.^^^"' 
te^ts. Brooding lessons. Illinois Hatcherv. 
Metropolis. Illinois. Ti^ham 

2.000.000 CHICKS AN- 
NUALLY. 40 J)ieed». l)rrd 
^^^MiBMa by spoctlliits. Greatest _^__^__ 
r.Kl e«« laylnK ^trains. PecllKree hredTrMe-l disease 
free "a-antoed U. Itv* 14 days. I'o« v».ia Un 
LTlral P.a-a.nte.-d. A l.ald. evrry week all yrarLK. IT 
BRKKT'S 7c a-d ..p. UI-AVIKS 9c and "P «»" " k' 
roTVT ON 1932 order* booked now. AIm) "T CK- 
KOR li\TrMINO and MATTR*: nUKKDKRS If you 
waiU tlu RKST In your oimimunlty, try ^^^^'^^ 

NABOB 'poultry FARMS. Box 42. Gamblar. Ohio 

NEW CHICK BOOK FREE. A perfect gold- 
mine of useful information. A splendid book 
that tells how to raise strong, healthy chicks. 
Thoroughly discusses methods, brooding, feed- 
ing ingredients, vitamins, minerals, drinking 
water, etc. Also gives full details how to 
guard against disease and insure profits. A 
complete book no poultryman can afford to 
be without. Advise how many chicks you 
intend to raise and we will send book free. 
Address Box 1422. Dept. K, Philadelphia. 
Pn_ WObam 

WORLD CHAMPION chicks by Baker, one 
of America's oldest breeder hatcherymen. 
International winners for egg laying and ex- 
hibition. Free instruction book valuable to 
you, will pay you well. Write for your copy 
today. C. R. Baker. Box E. Abilene. Kan. 70b 
ROCKS, REDS, White Leghorns, chicks, 

eggs. E. E. Miindew. Glouster. Ohio. 78 

CHAMPION CHICKS shipped C. O. D. at 

new low prices. Ten proven strains. Send 

for new color plate catalog. Shows Champion 

fowls in natural colors. Full of help on 

raising and growing chicks. We service each 

shipment of chicks to maturity. Write Car- 

ter's Chickery. B"x 21. Eldor.ado. 111. 8 1bam 

100 CHICKS. $6.95. Hayes Supreme White 

Leghorn egg producers. Postpaid alive. Twenty 

other varieties low priced. Eleven hatcheries. 

Twelve years experience. 3,000,0(10 per 

season. Customers 43 states. Catalog free. 

Have^ Bros. Hatchery. Decatur. III. 8'-'b am 

STbY CHICKS. Ohio Ai credited. Best 

pure bred stock. Leading breeds. Personally 

inspected and carefully supervised. Livahility 

guaranteed. If you want best quality chicks 

which have had more than usual attention. 

write to me. Paul Grose. Box 558. Sunbeam 

Hatchery, Findlay. Ohio. 




BLOODTESTED sex link chicks 100'"^ 
pullets or cockerels. Buena Vista Hatchery 
Chester, Illinois. L^ 

1 000.000 CHICKS this season. 25 breeds 
a hatch each week year round. Established 
1910 Price very reasonable, by prepaid par- 
cel post. Safe arrival, guaranteed catal gue 
free John Oeiger Hatchery. Chatfield. Ohio.. 9 

prosperity. Customer reports in- 
come $5.20 per hen. Other mat- 
inss lay 230 eggs flock average. 
Bicpest dividend-paying crop to 
farmers. Now hatching 20 high- 
producing, well-bred varieties, 
closely culled and inspected. Before <"-de"ng 
send for free beautiful color pictures of our 

birds and low !•"'■•'»• J''^*»''''^y ^""-''a'l**!; 
Neuhauser Hatcheries. Napoleon, Ohio. 79bam 





QUALITY CHICKS. White Leghorns 9c; 
Barred Rocks, Reds, White Wyandottes 10c; 
Heavy Mixed 9e. Reduction in lots of 500 
and 1000. Plum Creek Poultry Farm, Sun- 
bury, Pa. 79 

Never before sucb high quality chicks 
* at so low a price — years of service 
with quality stock. You cannot lose. 
Member Penna. & Int. Association. 
Booklet free. LINESVILLE HATCH- 

NOTHING BUT highest quality chicks are 
produced in our new All-Electric Smith 
machines. Heat and moisture are alwayti 
right; therefore stronger chicks, bigger 
batches and lower priced chicks. Barred, Buff 
Rocks. S. C. and R. C. Reds $8.50; White 
Rocks, Wbite. Columbian and Silver Laced 
Wyandottes $8.50; English Strain White Leg- 
horns, also Buff and Brown Leghorns $7.50; 
Heavy Mixed $7.00; Assorted $5.00. Prompt 
shipment guaranteed. Salem Hatchery, Box 
90, Salem. Indiana. 78 

Fifteen breeds. Electric hatched. 1932 prices. 
Lone Elm Hatcheries, Box E, Nokomis, 111.80 

DUBOIS COUNTY Quality Tested Chicks. 
Barred Rocks, Rhode Island Reds $9.00 per 
100, $42.50 per 500; Buff Leghorns (Davis 
Strain), White Leghorns (English Strain) 
$8.00 per 100. $37.50 per 500; Buff Orping- 
tons, White Rocks 9>^c. Heavy mixed 7c; 
assorted 6c. We ship C. O. D. Guarantee 
100% live delivery. Dubois County Hatchery. 
R. 8. Huntingburg. Ind. 78 

"SNAPS for Bargain Seekers" in 17 va- 
rieties of Baby Chicks. Why not write for free 
circul ar. Atz's Hatchery, Milltown, Ind. tfbm 

BABY CHICKS. Ohio Accredited, leading 
varieties. Prices right, quality right. Write 
for literature. Modern Hatchery. Box E. Mt. 
Blanchard. Ohio. 81 

CHICKS. 4 cents a chick discount on early 
orders. Wyngarden's Hollywood White Leg- 
horns, pedigree sired. Large birds producing 
big white eggs. Customers report high laying 
records. AKso Barred Rocks. Write for prices 
and free Catalog. Wyngarden Farms & 
Hatchery. Box Xl. Zeeland. Mich. 78 


Tested. Mammoth type. High ))ower layers. 
Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's 
Poultry Farm, Box K, Monmouth, III. 80bam 

GIANT BRAHMAS, real quality, breeders 
tested, two matings, low prices, chicks, eggs, 
catalog. Write Giant Brahma Farms. Gram- 
pian. Pa. 83bam 


Giant stock. Hardy, easy to raise. Lay in 
lero weather. Stock, Chicks, Eggs. Catalog 
free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. Box Y. Mon- 
»nout h, Illinois. 80bam 

HANKINS Famous Light Brahmas. Chicks, 
eggs. Reducfd prices. Fre« catalog. W. H. 
Hankins, Strafford, Missouri. 78 

the genuine old time Hankin's Strain Light 
Brahmas. Forty years breeding back of them 
for mammoth size, true color and heavy win- 
ter egg production. Capons fatten easily; 
bring you three to four dollars each holiday 
market. Beautiful Brahma catalog in natural 
color free. Farm Service, Route M96, Tyrone. 
Penna. 81 bam 

LIGHT BRAHMA Pullets, hatching eggs, 
certified baby chicks. Catalog free. Mary 
Mandfl Farms, Box 118. Portland. Ind. 80bm 


WHITE CORNISH Cockerels reasonable. 
L. J. Smith. Deep River. Connecticut. 78 


FOR SALE — Kiwi Cockerels. George 
Riedel. Shert'iirn. Minn. 78 


JERSEY BLACK GIANT Chicks hatched 
from ten pound two and three year old breed- 
ing birds, always bring a premium price for 
you as heavy roasters and twelve to fourteen 
pound capons. Big. fat, rich, yellow skinned 
cbicken dinners. $25 for 100. Full information 
Free. Farm Service. Route NIOO. Tyrone, 
Penna. 80bam 


WIN $1000.00 — Buy our Giants. Marcy 
Farm Strains Permit 197. Highest quality 
chicks (White and Black). Free chicks, big 
discounts, buy your 1932 chicks now. save 
money. Beautiful cockerels, pullets, trios, 
pens. Descriptive literature. The Maples Giant 
Farms, Box 1835, Pittsfield. Illinois. 78 

WHITE GIANT CHICKS Hatched from ten 
pound two and three year old breeding birds, 
always bring a premium price for you as 
heavy roasters and twelve to fourteen pound 
capons. Big. fat. rich yellow skinned chicken 
dinners. Hens lay large brown eggs, with 
winter records equal to Leghorns. Fifty White 
Giant chicks $15. Folder free. Farm Service, 
Route S173, Tyrone, Penna. 80bam 

at low prices. Catalog free. Goshen Poultry 
Farms. Goshen. Indiana. 79 

Black Giants; Buff Minorcas. Chicks, eggs. 
Thomas Poultry Farm. Pleasanton. Kans. 7 8 

BUY WHITE GIANT Eggs and Chicks 
from flock holding all Official Egg Contest 
records for breed. Circular on request. Jay- 
bee^ee Poultry Farm, Slocum, R. I._ . .."^^ 



PIT gamSs 

FIGHTING COCKS, "Win or Die", eggs 
$3.00 for 15. Circular free. S. M. Wliit^, 
Keytesville, Mo. 82 


shans. Tested. Mammoth size. Pure white. 
High power layers. Stock, chicks, eggs. Cata- 
log free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, 
Monmouth, III. 80bam 

WORLD FAMOUS White Langshans. Real 
type, pure color. Hardy winter layers. Stock. 
Chicks. Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry 
Farm, Box Y, Monmouth. Illinois. 80bam 

See Order Blank 

at top of page 54. We 
have made it handy for 
you to write your copy, 
and figure its cost. Why 
not write your copy now 
and mail promptly, thus 
assuring proper classifica- 
tion and insertion in 
February Everybodys. You 
will find these little class 
ads the best investment 
you ever made. 


WORLD FAMOUS White Leghorns. Big 
type, larger, whiter eggs. From National 
contest winners. Our stock laid 6996 eggs in 
December for Walter Miller. Illinois farmer. 
Edwin Caryle. Wisconsin, averaged over 200 
eggs a year with our birds. Stock. Chicks, 
Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, 
Box Y, Monmouth. Illinois. BObain 

horns. Tested. Exhibition and production 
bred stock. Long distance layers, large white 
eggs. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. 
Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, Monmouth, 
III. 80bam 

Illinois Egg Laying Contest 1931 Murphys- 
boro. Import from Barron. Big bodied birds, 
exceptional vigor, large eggs. Reasonably 
priced. Old established. Illinois Hatchery, 
Met r 1 1 polis. Illinoi s. TSbam 

C. O. D. Leading heavy laying strains. New 
low prices. Free color plate catalog shows 
them in natural colors. Full of information. 
My customers report big profits with Cham- 
pion Leghorns. Write. Carter's Chickery, 

Box 21. Eldorado. Illinois. 81 bam 

WE BREED the Barron Strain, 
big type Leghorns; just imported 
cockerels from Barron's best con- 
test winning hens. Our stock large 
type one hundred per cent Barron 
blood. Chicks, eggs, bloodtested 
stock. Circular free. Crvstal 
White Farms, Inc., Box 1709-5, 
Atlanta, Georgia. 82bm 

BIG ENGLISH White Leghorn chicks from 
free range, two and three year old breeders. 
Livability guaranteed. Morris Poultry Farm, 
Bishopville. Md. 79 

LARGE EGG STRAIN. Trapnested. records 
over 300. Chicks 10 cents. Pedigreed, higher. 
Shadycrest Poultry Farm, R-6, Chillicothe, 
Ohio. 78 

COCKERELS. H^VNSUN Strain. March, 
hatched. Hatching eggs. Write. Edgewood. 
Farms, Needmore, Pa. SO- 

TOM COCHRAN TANCRED big egg strain. 
White Leghorns. Chicks luu — $12.00 prepaid. 
Eggs $6.00. R. S. Harker. Hidal g o. 111. 80 

Chicks now sold under new livability guar- 
antee. Large type. Hollywood strain. Produce 
large white eggs. Free catalog. Michigan ac- 
credited. Get low discount prices. Write 
quickly. Rural Poultry Farm, Box E132. Zee- 
land, Michigan. TSban* 

$7.84 OFFICIAL PROFIT per bird. Write 
quick for low discount prices on DeVries- 
Heasley bred S. C. White Leghorn chicks- 
Expert breeding experiences of Q. DeVrie* 
and Dr. Heasley now combined. Wonderful' 
production strain chicks offered at 8c eacb 
and up. Get details. Don't buy until you have 
read free mating list, noted DeVriesHeasley 
Egg Laying contest winners and learned low 
special discount prices. Write at once. Ad- 
dress DeVries United Egg Farms, Box 110, 
Zeeland, Michigan. 80bain 

CHICKS — Barron English White Leghorns- 
only. Catalog free. Bishops Poultry Farm, New 
Washington. Ohio. 78ban» 

KAHLERS BIG EGG Tancred Legh(i^M- 
Every breeder on own farm. 
greed four generations over 250. Contest 
proven. Bloodtested. Special matings. Early 
ordering discounts. Kahlers Shadylawn Farm. 
Box 100. Hughesville. Penna. 7* 

tional guarantee of livability with every chick 
from Pay Streak Mating. Get full particulars. 
Finest foundation breeding. High production 
egg contest records. Free catalog tells every- 
thing. Our low prices attractive. Postal brings 
details. Cooperative Breeding and Hatching 
Company. Dr. W. H. Guiss, Pres.. Box C-19, 
Tiro. Ohio. 8()l)am 

CHICK'S from Carey's pedigreed White 
Leghorns. Big type, big white eggs, official 
dams records 200-307. Folder free. Carey 
Farms. Agosta, Ohio. 78 

pedigreed cockerels $5.00. Chicks and eggs. 
Old Trails Farms, Route E. Seelyville. Ind. 78 

from my largetype, heavy-laying, utility 
stock. Inspection invit3d. Write for details. 
G. A. Sachs, Gettysburg. Pa. 79 

BIG ENGLISH White Leghorn pullets, 
hatching eggs, certified baby chicks. Catalog 
free. Mary Maude Farms, Box 118, Portland. 
Ind. 80bm 

HEAVYWEIGHT White Leghorns. Rocks 
and Wyandottes. A limited number of ex- 
ceptionally good chicks and hatching eggs. 
Paul Dougherty. Drawer 30.\, Tyrone, Pa. 73 

anteed to live and lay heavily for you. 
Hatched from heavy winter egg record stock 
of Canadian, Hollywood, Tancred, Barron 
English breeding, two and three year old 
tested hens laying 24 ounce per dozen pure 
white eggs. Rugged health, vigor, and vitality. 
Get the great, big. heavyweight Leghorns 
from five and six pound hens. Handsome 
catalog in natural color free. Big discounts 
this month. Farm Service, Route A33. Tyrone. 
I'enna. 81 ham 

20 SINGLE COMB White Leghorn Cock- 
erels — Hansons. Excellent quality $2.50 each. 
Also hatching eggs. Eugene Sutton. Freeland. 
Maryland. 78bm 


BLACK LEGHORN day old chicks, pullets. 
Circular. Ha nipton. Pit t s t ow n. N . J. 7» 


horns. Tested. High pressure layers. Stock, 
chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry 
Farm, Bf>x K, Monmouth, Illinois. 80bam 

WORLD FAMOUS Brown Leghorns. Big 
type, healthy, lay large white eggs. Cus- 
tomers report big profits. Stock, Chicks, Eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y. 
Monmouth. Illinois. 8'ibnni 

REISER'S Single Comb Brown Leghorn 
Chicks. Breeders tested. Live, lay, excep- 
tional matings. Free catalog. F. Keiser. 
Gramp i an. Pa. 83bam 

Strain, world record layers, big, white eggs. 
Large size, hardy. Bargains, Stock, Eggs. 
Chicks. Everlay Farm, Box 1, Portland. 
Indiana. '>Obm 


WORLD FAMOUS Buff Leghorns. Healthy, 
pure buff birds lay very large chalky eggs. 
Profit makers cheap. Stoik, Chicks. Eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. Box Y. 
Monmouth, Illinois. 80bam 



Tested. High pressure layers. Stock, chicks, 
eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, 
Box K. Monmouth. 111. _80bam 

BUPP LEGHORN pullets, hatching eggs, 
certified baby chicks. Catalog free Mary 
Maudo Farms. Box 118, l'oil land,_Ind^_8i)j)m 

BABY CHICKS, Full-blooded, Booth Strain 
AVhito Minorca beauties. Get Buarantejed-to- 
live chicks from great, big, heavvNyeight 10 
pound two and three year old breeding birds 
Producing 30 ounce extra large pure white 
S Utflity and fancy matings. Color plate 
caUlog free. Farm Service, Route K90,^ Tv 

Tone, Penna. 

ACE QUALITY White Minorcas have type. 

^izt'and^gi ability, ^'^'-^.-'-'V' ^J^'^r^'.^tl 
twelve at St. Louis National and Chuago 
CoHseun? this year. If you want real ^V J. e 
Minorcas write for mating list. Ace While 
Minor'as.. 527_ U■.^^ o\^\Az^^^^^,m^^,,=^M 
*'^^N0tjrTni^T«~^-ACK MINORCAS 
- BABY CHICKsTF^looded, rich green- 
*heened Black Minorca b.ea' Oet thicks 
<rom ereat big, heavyweight 10 pouna iwo 

■ JEAN lO.VN Black Minorcas. Won every 
lead ng official contest award for breed Blood 
tested Jean Joan Farm, Box E, Belmar 




j JlA0 1t.iv uiv.^..' •- " , _„ J 


Vv!nn;;revi;;;;^h:^'^-n. Cat^og 

VnrniK Box 12H, Windsor. Mis 
farms, uo* ^toham 

" RUSK FARMS^-Buff Minorca headquarters. 

free. Rusk 


Get your chicks from this F"»J,B\^de^ 
Mammoth Strain Black »nd ^^^^^'^^ 
Minorca Beauties. Produce Extra large 
T^ure white egKS 30 ounces to the dozen. 

T.^^l^t Color Plate -ja'-^-jje'sry'- 
ine how you can raise Ciant He»\y 
weightllinorc.8 in all their nch green 
Theened coal black beauty. Healthy 
Guaranteedto-Live M norcas, both 
Black and White. Mention color pleas*. 


Route J14 Tyrone, Penna. 


tons. $10.95 hundred. Five hundred $54.75. 
Two dollar deposit, balance C. O. D. Prompt 
shipment. Thomas Hatchery, Box 212, Bell- 
wood, Penna. _____°iH5L?? 

KEISER'S Golden Buff Orpington Chicks. 
Breeders tested. Live, lay, exceptional mat- 
ings. Free catalog. F. Keiser, Grampian, 
p^ 8 3 bam 

GREAT, MASSIVE, Rich Buff Baby Chicks. 
Get the best heavv winter laying Orpingtons 
hatched from two and three year old vigorous 
mammoth type breeders. Send for handsome 
color plate catalog of guaranteed-to-live heavy- 
weight Orpingtons. Farm Service, Route H07, 

T yrone. Penna. I^'Jg^ 


WORLD FaTmOUS White Orpingtons. 
Crystal white, massive. Lay better. Stock. 
Chicks, Egg.H. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry 
Far m. Box Y, Monmouth. Illinois. 80bam 

tons. Tested. Record layers. Big type. Crystal 
white plumage. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog 
free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. Box K, Mon- 
^outh. III. »"'^'>'" 




mouth Rocks. $10.95 hundred. Five hundred 
$54.75. Two dollar deposit, balance C. O. U. 
Prompt shipment. Thomas Hatchery, Box 212, 
Bellwood, Penn a. p^"^™ 

from the cream of the world's best strains. 
Free color plate catalog shows Champion 
Rocks in their natural colors. Are proven egg 
layers and prime meat fowls. We t»h'p C. u. 
D." at new low prices. Write. Carter s Chick- 
ery. Box 21. Eldorado Illim is. "''"*'" 

RURAL GOLD SEAL Rocks at low dis- 
count prices. Michigan Accredited, tree 
catalog. Rural Poultry Farm. Box El 3-. 
Zeeland, Michigan. j^^oam 

EXTRA WELL Barred Cockerels, Cocks. 
$2.50-$3.50. Wilhelmena Coyner, W aynesbor^o^ 

Virginia. — - 

— FOR SALE : Barred Rock Exhibition Cock- 
erels and Breeding Pullets early hatchc.L 
Edgar Leister, Third St., Hanover, Pa 7bbm 


Rose Comb Reds. Tested. Beautiful dark red 
nlumaee High production bred. Stock, chicks, 
Sr Catalog free. Nichol'a Poultry Farni^ 

I^ K. Monmouth. III. _80bam 

WORLD FAMOUS REDS. No five year plan 
here We have bred them for a deep blooU 
red for over 15 years. Rose or single combs. 
Stock, Chicks, Eggs. Catalog ^7«^- N«''hol « ;v Farm, Box Y. Monmouth, III. 80bam 
Rpd pullets, hatching eggs, ^'e'-t'fied ';al)y 
chicks'. Catalog free. Mary Maude Fanns^ 
Box IIB. Portland. Ind. ^^^^ 

February To May 

inclusive, are the best 
months in the entire year 
to insert your classified ad- 
vertisement. Note rates at 
top of page 54 and get 
your order to us promptly, 
please, to start with Feb- 
ruary. AddressEverybodys 
Classified Ad Dept., Han- 
over. Pa. 

HELM'S ACCREDITED Minorcas — High 
pen thU breed Illinois Contests 1931. One 
Thne highest hen this breed all contests 
Un'ted States. Biggest bodied birds, largest 
-eggs. Fairest prices. Illinois Hatcherj% Me- 

tropolis. Illinois. ilii£E 

~ WORLD FAMOUS Minorcas. White or 
mack. Big type, rugged. .L^^ J"f« Z;;'^^ 
*ites Andv Pearson, Illinois, lost less than 
lofof 1000 Nichol Minorcas. Stock, Chuks. 
Eggs Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm 
Box Y. Monmouth, li inois. 80bam 

— SUNNY FIELD Mammoth Single Comb 
Black Minorcas are big Minorcas. ''e'vy Mi- 
norcas. hardv Minorcas. reliable Minoitas. 
Have egg ability. Breeder.s tested. 
Write Sunnyfield Minorca Farms. Grampian. 

. — JTlACK AND~WH1TE Minorca Chicks. 15 
^tll.r ^^rieties. Farmers Hatchery, Charlotte^ 

North Carolina^ _ 

■ — SriPK WHITE and Buff Minorca pullets, 

|.at hing ;ggs certific<l baby clu,ks Catalog 
: free. Mary- Maude Farms, Box lis, Portland. 


■ tlim 



tons TeMed. Exhibition and j.rodurtion bred 
XxocV. Real buff, big type. Stock chuks eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, liox K. 

M on m o'ith. 111. . :_ 

wr)RLD FAMOUS Buff Orpingtons. Big- 

«st ype Egg records up to '280 made by 
5us omers Healthy, beautiful. Stock. Chicks. 
Eegs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm^ 

Box Y. Monnu»uth._Illinois. Snham 

— RUFFoRPINGTON pullets, hatching eggs, 
.vertifled baby chicks. Catalog free Mary 
Maude Farms. Box 118, Portland, Ind. 80bm 

10 lb. Rocks' 

You can easily produce 10 lb. capons, 
big, fat, meaty roasters and broilers 
3 lb. weight in 12 weeks. Get your 
chicks now from this Giant Heavy- 
weight Strain of healthy. Guaranteed- 
to Live two and three year old breeding 
birds. My customers report unusually 
heavy Winter egg records. Rich, yellow 
legged Buff, Barred and White Ply- 
mouth Rock Beauties. Catalogue Free 
to you. 


Route C25 

Tyrone, Penna. 


RICH. DARK RED Mahogany P'' ma^e. 
Single Comb Rhode Island Red Baby Chicks, 
from the famous Tompkin's Strain. Get a 
r*a" qualitv flock, hatched from big brown 
egg tvpe heavy winter layers Strong vigor- 
ous healthy chicks. Guaranteed-t(.-live. Beau- 
mul color 'plate catalog free. Farm Service^ 

Route F39, Tyrone^P^nna^ <jM)am 

shipped C. O. D. They lay and are red. Free 
Sor plate catalog ^^hows them m natural 
colors. High conte>t records bac-k of them 
Get free catalog and new low pnces W nte 
?aJter'« Chicke^^_B£x_2L Eldora do. 111.8 Ibam 
M VHOOD and RUCKER Strains. Chicks 
and eggs, at 191G prices. W>ite. Barney M^^ 

Willian.s. Box B. .Tohnston City ^JH. 80 


Island Reds. $10.05 hundred. Five hundred 

$54.75. Two dollar deposit balance C. O D. 

Pr..mpt shipment. Thomas Hatcherv. »«^ -1-; 

H.-llwood. Pcii i'" '"'"" 


WORU)' FAMOUS Barred Rocks. Beauti- 

fullv barred deep. Healthy. Oversize. Pay big Pn.duction bred. Stork. Chicks. 

EgCs Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry F™ 

Box Y, Monmouth. Ulinpi!:^- '^^^'"" 

-^OCHOI/S MASTER BRED Barred Rocks. 

Tested. Light and dark matings Barred doep- 

u- aistin'tivelv. Outst.inding layers. Stock. 

•licks' eggs. 'catalog f-e Nichol's Pou^tr^ 

Farm. B ox K. Monmouth. III. HiOmm 


hatching eggs, certified >•«»»' ^''^''/'i.^tT 
free. Mary Maude Farms, Box 118, Por^ 

lan d, Ind. — - — 

— BARRED ROCK Chicks. Eggs from Eastern 

Shores finest stock. Morris Poultry Farm 

Bishopville. Md. '" 

Tested. Real buff plumage. Heavy layers. 
Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's 
Poultry Farm. Box K, Monmouth. 111. HObam 

WORLD FAMOUS Buff Rocks. Praised by 
thousands. We supply healthy, large type 
layers. Cheap. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog 
free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y. Mod- 
mouth, Illinois. HObam 

GIANT. LARGE TYPE, heavyweight Buff 
Rock Chicks, with that rich golden color you 
like so well. I offer you buffs hatched from 
two and three year old prize breeders — heavy 
winter layers. A profitable broiler or roasting 
fowl. These Buff Rock chicks are so strong, 
vigorous and healthy that I'll guarantee- them 
to live and thrive fiT you. Beautiful color 
I.late catalog free. Farm Service, Route DH4, 

Tyrone. Penna. ^Ibam 

BUFF PLYMOUTH ROCK pullets, hatch- 
ing eggs, certified babv chicks. Catalog free. 
Mary Maude Farms, Box 118, Portland. Ind. 


$10.95 hundred. Five hundred $54.75. Two 
dollar deposit, balance C. O. D Prompt 
shipment. Thomas Hatchery. Box 212 Bell- 
wood. Pen na. 81 bam 


mountain bred Partridge Rocks. Special in- 
troductor>' j.rices. BriKhtwater Farms, Hen- 
d_ersonvilie, North C ar^ Una. <» 


WORLD FAMOUS White Rocks. Crystal 
white. Big type. Hardy. 2U0 eggs a year. 
Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nic'iol s 
Pff..Hry_Pi.rtn_RoxJY^ionniouth. III. Ht)l>am 

Tested. Large type. Pure white. Record lay- 
ers. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free Nichol s 
Pff..itryKariii^Box_K^loiimout h. 111. Soba m 
— WHITE ROCK CHICKS— Eggs. Ideal for 
broilers and heavy layers Winners Georgia 
National and New York Egg Contcst-s. Also 

Ohio State Fair ^f«;:'»' '■*"'"'.*^\"" o*"., "S9 
eCKs. Ac. redited flocks headed by 200-_89 
egg pedigreed males. Bloodtested. I;'vab« 'ty 
guaranteed. Circular free. Oscar W. Holtz- 
fpple. Box i:i^Elida._(, _8'ibam 

-"Tieav'Tbroiler CHICKS wi>i'| R%1'.*^ 

$10.95 hundred. Five hundred ^^^■^\-^'-\° 
dollar deposit, balance G. O. />• ./'X 
shipment. Thomas Hatchery, Box 212 Bell- 

woo d. Penna. . ^ "l.^"" 

— Gi.vNT, LARGE TYPE, heavyweight White 
RmkBabv Chicks. Get the pure white heavy 
winter la;ing chicks hatched from two and 
three year old tested breeders. Rugged. 
heaUhy broiler chick Rocks I will guarantee- 
to-ule "and thrive for you. Beautiful color 
plate catalog free. Farm Service. Ro"^* ^62^ 
Tyrone. Penna. oio»ui 



your egg production. Get them C. O. D. at 
new low prices. Free color catalog shows them 
in natural colors. Write for your copy today. 
Carter's Chickery. Box 21, Eldorado. 111. 81bam 

WHITE PLYMOUTH ROCK pullets, hatch- 
ing eggs, certified baby chicks. Catalog free. 
Mary Maude Farms, Box 118, Portland, 
Ind. 80bm 

WHITE ROCKS — Imported Canadian fe- 
males with records 201 to 247 together with 
pedigreed males (dams records 240-247) 
insure production. Large birds with breed 
tvpe and style. Literature gives details. Pro- 
fit making prices on chicks. Shelby Hatchery, 
Box E. Tiro, Ohio. 8ubain 


JAPANESE SILKIE Cockerels. Hillcrest 

Poultry Yards, Meri d en. Conn. 79 


dottes. Fishel heavy laying strain. Tested. 
Beautiful white plumage. Stock, chicks, eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, 
Monmouth, 111. ^"'^am 

WORLD FAMOUS White Wyandottes. 
Prize winners in great shows. High egg 
records. Healthy, Stock, Chicks, Eggs. Cata- 
log free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. Box Y. Mon- 
mouth, I l linois. ^QPam 

"MONEY MAKER" White Wyandottes. 
Established 1912. One breed handled right. 
Cockerels, hens, pullets. E. A. Heaton. R-4. 
Toledo. Ohio. _^__^ Si 

WHITE WYANDOTTE pullets, hatching 
eggs, certified baby chicks. Catalog free. Mary 
Maude Farms, Box 118, Portland, Ind. 80bm 

dottes. $10.95 hundred. Five hundred $54.75. 
Two dollar deposit, balance CO. D. Prompt 
shipment. Thomas Hatchery. Box 212. Bell- 
wood. Penna^____ ^1^55 

$5.00 each. Elwood Taylor. Berwyn. Md. 78 

WORLD'S GREATEST Winners. Williams 

White Wyandottes. bred for 37 years, pnced 

right for the times. Circular free. F. B. 

Williams. Box C. Islip, L T N. Y. 80 


Hens, pullets. Will Springs, Thompsonville 
Illinois. Ir 

There are advertisers in 
these classified advertising 
pages who have been 
regular in Everybodys 
columns for 1 5 years and 
longer 1 


' WORLD FAMOUS Silver Laced Wyan- 
dottes. Chas. Swann. Michigan, won blue rib- 
bons in five Fairs last Fall with our stock, 
including Michigan State Fair. Production 
bred, healthy. Stock, Chicks, Eggs. Catalog 
free. Nichols Poultry Farm. Box Y, Mon- 

mouth, Illinois. . BObam 

Wvandottes. Tested. Best strain, splendid 
layers. Beautifully marked. Stock, chicks, 
eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, 
Box K. Monmouth. lib 80bam 


Farm. Both combs. Stock $:J.OO each, $14.00 
pen. Eggs prepaid. Catalog free. Henry 
Eichelmann, WaterlooMUni^is. 80 

SINGLE CblSB Ct>CKERELS $3.00. Mrs. 
Vincent Burden, Alb aiiy ^ll. '8 


' ao 000 BOOKS FREE. Tells how to make 
monev from j)Oultry and quotes lowest prices 
on stock, chicks, eggs. 18 breeds described. 
Mrs. Steinmever, Riverdale. Maryland writes 
"I would like a copy of your poultry book 
as I saw a copy and was surprised at the 
information it contained." Just drop a card 
for free copy. Nichol's Poultry Farm. Box 

Y. Monmouth, Illinois^ ^"'""» 

"MOON'S SIGN BOOK" explains why and 
when to set eggs in your incubator for best 
results, for chickens, ducks, geese and tur- 
keys. Also other profitable >n^"™at'0"- P"^« 
$1 00 for sale bv James J. Hill, 2580 a. 
Burrell St.. Milwaukee. Wis. 78 


each one 

of the classified advertisements you see in these pages is a high 
powered salesman, carrying their employer's message into the homes 
of over 125,000 interested readers of EVERYBODYS. The messages 
will be read by more than that number of prospective purchasers of 
chicks, eggs and stock — and everything pertaining to poultry. 
Some of these poultrymen 
have had their little "busi- 
ness getters" running regu 
larly in EVERYBODYS for 
years and years. The fact 
that they are still there 
after years and years 
proves conclusively that 
they have in them a wise 
investment — investments 
bringing big returns in the 
form of SALES. Mr. North 
Shellenberger, McAlis- 
terville. Pa., (see photo 
to the right) is one of 
these wise investors. He 
writes, 'EVERYBODYS 
classified advertise- 
ments certainly do sell 
my stock. My ads in 

'star salesmen'." Put your message before the eyes of this same 

active list of prospects. There is ample business to be had for you all. 

Ads Llk« This A»« Buslnsss Qmumwm 

Mr. North Shellenberger (center) with his family 
and some friends at bis farm at McAUstervllle. Pa. 
Mr. SheUenberger Is an ardent booster of EVERY- 
BODYS Classified ads. 


W'ORLD FAMOUS White Langshans. Real 
type pure color. Hardy winter layers. Stock. 
Chicks. Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry 
Farm, Box Y, Monmouth. Illinois. HObam 

new scale of rates 

In line -vvith the economical adjustment now the rule in almost all 
kinds of business, EVERYBODYS is passing along a saving to you 
in the form of a sliding scale of classified advertising rates (see 
box). This enables you to buy classified advertising in EVERYBODYS 
for «• low as 11 cents per word. EVERYBODYS always did make 

money for its classified advertisers, 
and now it can make still more, by 
cutting down the price you pay us. 
Start your ad going in the very next 
issue. You can send in your copy any 
time up to the 18th of the month — 
but DO IT NOW! It means money in 
your pocket. 


15c per word 
25c per word 

1 month . 

2 months 

3 months 

4 months 

5 months 

. 36c per word 
.46c per word 
. 5Sc per word 


Classified Ad Department 



SHIP YOUR EGGS, best prices. Write. 
Betman Egg Co.. 127fi Gerard Ave- N. Y. 8nb 

DUCKS ~~~ 


type. Layers. Stock, eggs. Low prices. Cata- 
log free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K. 
Mo nmouth. Illinois. ^>^bam 

MAMMOTH PEKIN. Rouen. Indian Run- 
ner. Muscovy Ducks. Catalog free. N"eubert 
Company. Box 24. Ma n k ato. Minn. 78bam 

GRAND CHAMPION Rouens. Chicago Coli- 
seum. 1931. John Conrad. Route 5, Wejt 
Allis. Wisconsin. _ "^ 


Geese. Big type. Profitable, low prices. Stock, 
eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultr>- Farm. 
Box K. Monmouth. III. SObam 

can. Chinese Geese. Catalog free. Nenbert 
Company. Box 23. Mankato. Minn. 78bam 

LEGHORN GEESE. Brown Leghorn. Buff 
Geese, good grass eaters and layers. Eggs 
for hatching 75 cents each. J. H. Hart. 
Oxford. Pa. __Zg 


DUCKLINGS. Mammoth White Pekins. 
extra size, quality. Prompt delivery. L. 
Hamblin. Wils;in. N. Y. 7^ 

PARDEE'S Perfect Pekin Ducklings, hatch- 
ing pggs and breedine drakes. New lower 
prices. Service. Satisfaction. Catalog free. 
Roy E. Pardee. Branch Street. Islip, Long 
Island. New York. Sdbam 

SEND FOR SAMPLE. Chlorene Germicide. 
Know how to make it. Save and make big 
profits. Pharis Hatchery. Albia. Iowa. 78 


MAKE $10 to $30 weekly, spare time, 
mailing circulars at home. Outfit and in- 
structions 'J5c. Alied Industries, Dept. KB. 
Akron, Ohio. 80bm 



RAT TERRIER pup«. Bred for ratters. 
Satisfaction guaranteed. Crusaders Kennels. 
.Stafford. Kans. 7S 

FRESH EGOS Wanted. Ship for highest 
prices. Also desire connections with large 
shipper's. Inducements. ^. K. Gotland & Co.. 
1-27 Ea t lO'Mh -.•%.. New Y rk. N. Y. 7* 






— TTSED INCUBATORS— Reduced prices on 
enure stock of used incubators. All leadinjc 
makes, Buckeyes, Petersimes, Blue Hens, 
Newtowns, etc. Many of these machines are 
nearly new — 2,000 to 30,000 capacity. Every 
machine guaranteed. Each one specially priced 
for quick sale. Can be bought on easy terms. 
State make and capacity desired and obtain 
our new reduced prices before buying any 
incubator. Buy with confidence from respon- 
sible concern. Write or wire for description 
and bargain prices. Smith Incubator Company, 
3107H, W. 121st St., Cleveland, O. 79bam 
Type various capacities, excellent conditions. 
Priced low. Factory guarantee by the manu- 
facturer. Lancaster Manufacturing Co., Lan- 
caster, Pa. _ 78b am 

Rose Comb Black Bantams. Rabbits reason- 
able. M. S. Goodfellow, Hanover, Pa. tff 

FREE DEVICE that makes every pen a 
fountain pen and valuable information. Write 
Josei>h O'Neil, Lexington, Kentucky. 78 


WORLD'S BEST Pedigreed healthiest, 
heaviest milkers. Goldsborough's Goatery, 
Mohnton. Pa. tfbm 


MINERAL RODS on money back guarantee 
if nut satisfied. Mention this magazine when 
answering this ad. T. D. Robinson, Dept. 11, 
Box 08, Elgin, Texas. 7j 


JANUARY SPECIAL: 50» WTiitebond 
letterheads and envelopes, $3.25. Websterjs 
Printerie. Farmland , I n d i a na^__ 78 


RABBIT HUTCH — Sanitary, odorless, and 
self-cleaning. Will prevent disease. Endorsed 
by experts. Complete plans, etc., $1.00. 
Everybodys P oultry Magazine, Hanover, 

STANDARD Rabbit Journal, Milton, Pa., 
Year $1. 00; 2 months Dime; Sami>le 5c. tfe 

RABBITS and Supplies. Descriptive litera- 
ture. Albert Facey, Inc., 115 E. Valley Stream, 
New York. tfbu 

Zealand Whites — Standard Chinchillas. Pedi- 
greed and registrable. All ages, healthy, 
vigorous, fully guaranteed. Priced right. Alys 
Johns ton Company, Polo. 111. 8Ue 

land Whites and Reds, Chinchillas. Frank 
Zimmerman. Sewell. New Jersey. 79 

CLOSE OUT Hundred Pedigreed Standard 
Chinchilla Does. Two dollars. Chin Rabbiiry. 
Milto n. Penna. _ Ij 


and Chicks. Write for Illustrated Catalog 
Telling How to Raise Ducks for Profit. Ridg- 
way Duck Hatchery, LaRue, Ohio. tfbm 

WORLD FAMOUS Chick Book. Shows way 
to big profits. Describes Nichol's Master Bred 
flocks, made up of high production birds of 
World's famous heavy laying ancestry. 18 
best paying breeds. Stock, Chicks, Eggs. 
Write for free book. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 
Box Y. Monmouth. Illinois. 8 0bam 

SPECIAL SALE. Leading varieties. Chick- 
•ns, ducks, geese, turkeys, guineas, pheasants, 
chicks, ducklings. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
Catalog free. Highl and Farm. Sellersville.Pa.Sl 

BUFF ORPINGTON Ducks — $3.50 each. 
Black Giants, White Rocks, eggs. Rat dogs 
and puppies. Rabbit dogs — $35.00 each. 
Wel chvilla, R. R.. Ramsey. Illinois. 78b 

WRITE FOR beautiful free circular. Extra 
large English White Leghorns and superb 
Barred Rocks. Brooksid© Poultry Farm. Dept. 
8, Chambersburg. Pa. JJ^ 


MAMMOTH BRONZE Turkeys. Rainbow 
tails. J. W. Wilson. Newton, III. 78 

Hens. Maurice Rector, Rockford, Mich. 78 

BOURBON RED TOMS $10. Mrs. Vincent 
Burden, Albany, 111. 78 

GIANT BRONZE Turkey from bloodtested 
stock. Price reasonable. Write for catalog on 
Poults and Eggs. Winnecunnet Turkey Farm, 
largest in New Eng land, Norton, Mass. 82 

SHEaFFER'S superior Bronze Turkeys. 
Choice breeders selected from our flock of 
eleven hundred birds. Individual description 
and prices furnished upon request. Stock u" 
conditionally guaranteed. Sheaflfer's Turkey 
Farm. Elizabethtown, Pa. l^ 

BRONZE TURKEYS from Ail-American 
Minneapolis and St. Paul winners. Emil John^ 
son. Ke nsin gton. Minnesota. _^ 

"BLUE RIDGE" Mammoth Bronze. Vir- 
ginia State Champions. Pens headed Inter- 
national winners. Stock, poults. Cliarles G. 
Mackall. The Lawn Farm Nokesville, Virginia^ 
" Buy the Best and Breed Them Better . 7li 

hens $5. Leonora Rodgers, Route 2, Lowell. 
Mich. . l** 

BOURBON RED breeders registered and 
pedigreed. Winifred Warren, Lake-View Red 
Farm, Rot hbup-, Mich. 78 

breasted. (May 3rd) cockerels, weighing up 
to 35 pounds. Mrs. G. B. Snell. Dushore. Pa.<8 

TURKEYS — Pure-bred Mammoth Bronze. 
Bourbon Red, Narragansett and Whit© Hol- 
land hens. toms. Unrelated pairs and trios. 
Walter Bros., Powhatan Point, Ohio. ^ 

^ L. 


CHOICE BRONZE and Narragansetts. 
Henshaw. Box lo24, Uniontown, Pa. 

More Than 13500O 

readers will be seeing your 
classified advertisement 
each month if you order it 
placed in these columns. 
Every mail brings this 
office the evidence direct 
from present and past 
classified **ad'* users, that 
Everybodys Poultry 
Magazine classified pages 
are no gamble. 

the big fellows. Am offering ^^e ^''"f ''^"* 
mated to handsome torn, not related. f45.0O. 
Over 100 hens specially selected for breeding, 
three for $20.00. Eggs. March and April de- 
livery $30.00 hundred. Poults. $60.00 — ^100. 
Guarantee live delivery. W. B. Miller. Free 
Union. Va. ^_^ 

1000 GIANT BRONZE Turkeys. Finest 
Qualitv. Esbenshade Turkey Farm, Box E. 
Ronks. Penna. 7^^^"° 

Holland Breeders. Also Eggs and Poults. 
Prize winning stock. Sheckler's Turkey Farm. 
Nevada^ Ohio. ^ 

HIGH CLASS Breeding Stock. Bourbons. 
Hollands, Bronze. Narragansetts. Kempley 
Turkey Ranch. Montello. Wis. 80 

Bourbon Red Turkeys. Catalog free. Neubert 
Company. Box 22. Mankato. Minn. 78bam 

SPRINGSIDE Turkey Farm — Large pure 
bred Black Turkevs. Prize winners wherever 
shown. Ideal market bird. Prices reasonable. 
Mrs. W. T. Hall, Rout© 1, Box 169, Denton 
Texas. Z^ 

diana State Champions, Ist prize winners In- 
ternational Chicago. Stock, eggs. Mrs. O. S 
Dooley. Danville. Ind. •'^ 


oldest poultry farm in America. This being 
the farm's Golden Anniversary we are.cele 
brating in a way to gain new customers Ml 
well benefit old. Turn to page 19 this issue. 
Fill in coupon and receive by return mail our 
Golden Anniversary catalog. Never such chiok 
values. Truslow Poultry Farm, Inc., Box 
EP 12. Chestcrtow n .JUd. 


OUR NEW 32 page White Leghorn catalog 
IB yo'irs fur the asking. Get this complete 
story of Northland Winter Layers. Write to- 
day. Northland Farm, Dept. 20, Grand Rapids, 

IP fOU WANT 100% pure Tancrod breed- 
ing that is the direct result of pedigree and 
irapnest breeding methods, we will send yoa 
catalog that tells all about our breeding 
methods. Mention Everybodys and addreea 
Smiley Farms, Jackson, Mich. 


WILL SACRIFICE. Ideal 60 acre poultry 
farm, modern bldg. 7 R. H. E. L. and Spring 
Water. E. W. Case. Westminster, Md._78bm 


MOORE'S CHAMPION Bronze Show Birds 
Breeding stock of highest quality. Unrelated 
trios, eggs. Mrs. T. J. Moore, Clarksburg. 
Missouri. ' 

BOURBON RED Breeders. International, 
All-American. Wisconsin State Fair, prize 
winners in my fl<'ck. Eggs and poultj^ for »^e. 
Price lists on request. Clara Fero, White- 
water, Wis. '_ 

BOURBON RED.S — Good size and color 
Hens $5. Toms $7.50. Primm Turkey Farm 
Du Quoin. Illinois. '^ 

BOURBONS FROM world's best strain. 
Extra large. Mahogany color. Toms $10.00 
up. Hens $5,00 up. Eggs in season. Becfha 
Coil. Duncanville, Texas. ^^ ^79 


MILLER'S GIANT BRONZE — 1800 superb 
breeders. Folder free. Mrk G. Luther, Wise- 
land Farm, Keezletown, Virginia. 80 



Is the business outlook bad? 

Think the money market mad? 

Grumbling never pays the rent, 
Worry does not yield a cent, 
If on profits you are bent. 

"Good Times" is a state of mind 

Faith pays dividends, you'll find, 

Rise above depression's mist 
Delete dull days from your list 
Be a business optimist. 

If you have something to sell. 

Say it often, say it well. 

Advertise your wares to-day, 
Advertise the modern way, 
Advertise — make it pay — 


WANTED — Good flying old barn pigeons, 
and guinea pigs weighing eight ounces and 
over Pay higheet market prices. Returns 
made daily. J. Walter Brendle, Littlestown. 
Pa. '8 

Tills poem la the contribution of this weU 

known writer, through tke Advertising OTb* 

News, of New York City, U the 1930 AdT«- 

tiiing FederaUon of America conventton 

Klnrex, a concentrated disinfecunt i» 
powder form, is now being offered for »• 
first time to poultrymen. It is claimed for thl» 
new disinfectant that it will kill ell germs 1* 
contacts in 15 seconds. On account of Its 
being in powder form, transportation cosU t« 
the consumer are very small. It can be us** 
as a spray or in the drinking water, •>« !• 
also vaiuaule in sauitiziuK fea»ck«rt»». 




mg IS a 
£a«^%)fitable Vocation! 

"^^O Other line of agricultural pursuits offers the possibil- 
-^^ ities as offered by Poultry Raising. Everybodys Poul- 
try Magazine has helped thousands to real profits with 
poultry and will help you. 

.Mr>. Biii/er of Ohio writes — "It took 
a failure of our farm crops to con 
vim-e my husband ju>it what my hrns 
have meant to u>. Everybodys is u 
wonderful helji to us, in fa>t we owe 
our siic-cess entirely to the monthlv 
visits of your understanding publi- 

.1. (i. Breuning of Va. has this fo 
say — "Your editors sure do under- 
stand just what your subscribers 
need in a timely way each month. We 
sulisrribed to Everybodys away bark 
in I'.M.'i and have all our column- 
lioiind ii|i to date for ready reference. 
Yoi:r idea of Kiviii^ a complete index 
each Ilei-ember of entire content* for 
ilie year must be appreciated by 
K\ erybodys suliscribers. I frequently 
turn to this index." 

.John Forney ><( I'a. writes— -' 'Send 
me iwo copies of your December 
issue please. I have hard work keep 
ing my monthly numliers. as I run a 
store here and < ustoiners keepiii.: 
chickens will borrow them. Kn< lose<I 
tind two suhsi-riptions ; | can aei 
more for you if you send me >onif 
sample copies." 

Mrs. Hayward up in the iniiiini; sec- 
tion of Penna. write: "I lia\e tout 

hundre<i layinir pullets now and «ii!i 
my husband out of work he lia- 
helpe<t ine build a i;ood layini: hou^i 
for the winter a> «iii;»re*ted ii\ oio- 
of voiir editors. | cannot express how 
ureatlj we appreciate jour Mr. .\daiii- 
uritinc that \\f subscribe to K\i'i> 
bo(lys--it hrt» been an ins|iiraiioii 
and ifuide to e\ery advance we iia\- 
made in our poultry entevpri-e. I 
taught school Inst winter and will 
this ivinter while my hn^liaml will 
look after the poultry." 


John H. Robinson, 

Editor of Everybodys Poul- 
try MaK^azine and the author 
of Poultry Pos.'^ihilities is 
recognized asAmerica's out- 
.>jtanding poultry journalist. 

The fourth edition of Poultry Possibilities is 
now ready for mailing. We want every reader 
of Everybodys to have a copy of this hook. If 
you are a present subscriber you can have 
Poultrj- Possibilities by ordering an extension 
of your present subscription. If you have been 
getting Everybodys just once in a while from 
your news .stand or have received a sample 
copy you are entitled to Poultry Possibilities 
by mailing your subscription direct to Every- 
bodys, Box 'JST), Hanover, Pa. 

No book on the subject of the real possibil- 
ities poult r>' presents covers 
the entire subject of poultry 
culture as this book by Mr. 
Robinson and which is yours 
postage paid along with a 48 
months* subscription to 
Everybodys Poultry Maga- 
zine for a single Dollar Bill. 
When you stop to consider 
that by using coupon at right 
you are for an investment of 
One Dollar not only assuring 
the delivery of Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
to your door each month for 48 months but 
an immediate delivery postpaid of your copy 
of Poultry Possibilities you will agree that 
your investment of One Dollar is a sensible 

This message is directed to those interested 
in poultry. We know you understand the 
language employed by "chicken folks." The 
publishers of Everybodys Poultry- Magazine 
are endeavoring to give you an honest 
magazine. To that end our editors and con- 
tributors as employed are recognized as 
America's foremost authorities. Every 
article and all editorial content is copy- 
righted by Eveiybodys Publishing Company. 
No article appears that has not passed the 
censorship of editorial staff. The editors of 
Everybodys are all practical poultrj'men 
and poultrjn.vomen. They know your prob- 
lems because they are all keeping poultry 
for profit. 


Perhaps you are In a 
(lositmn to b«com< 
our representative in 
your territory. Wi- 
arn employinc sub 
scription atrents on 
either part time or 
whole time. You wilt 
tind it clean and pro 
titable eini>loyment 
Write for particular^ 

See Coupon Below! 


Everybodys Poultry Magazine, Hanover, Pa. 

rnter my subscription, please, for a 4 years' .subscription to 
Everybodys Poultry Magazine, also send me postage paid the book 
Poultry Possibilities. Totai cost to me SI. 00. which I enclose. 

Vour .\ame 



^^ bl/trr* 


Chrck with an X avhrthrr yours is a nrw. rctifwal or extension subscription. Alsu 
in case you can act as a repr«s«ntative for us on part or whole time. All in 
your name and address below. 


.Name . 

i.iU iixitm 

Itrtuiral Siitt. 


Have you any friends or neighbors who should be readers of Everybodys? It yo»i 
write their names and addrestet on separate sheet and pin to coupon, we will 
be glad to send them .i sample copy. 




onty ftunshineVitamin D and Growth and 

Heatth Vitamins, but Mineral Baimnee, too 

T\\v iM'st food chicks can have, 
must be balanc«Ml in nourish- 
iiM'iit. minerals, and vitamins. 
<// the vitamins I Winter chicks 
(h-nied natural sunshine, nee<l 
\itamin D in their feed. In 
I'ratls Buttermilk Baby Chick 
Kood this precious vitamin is 
supplied in abundance. You don't 
have to buy or mix cod-liver oil. 
But equally important, jiro^vlh 
and health vitamins A and B arc 
iti Pratts too. This starter is puar- 
u II teed not only to l>e complete 

in vitamins but to be mineral 
balanced. Winter chicks thrive 
on it — ^row like weeds. They 
develop stronj:, sturdy little 
frames, m>od hard bones, anil 
splendid undcilyinp vipor, be- 
cause «'very mouthful of Pratts 
is pure food. 

This (>ri«:inal baby fcMwl for baby 
chicks has humlre<ls of thousands 
of boosters among poullrymcn. 
It is supplied in several sizes, 
from five pound packages to 
hundred pound bags. Feed deal- 

ers, supply stores and many 
drug stores sell Pratts Butter- 
milk Baby Chick Fo<k1. Order 
your supply now, while the mat- 
ter i.-» fresh in your mind. 



PRATT FOOD CO.. D^pt. 1 
12 1 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Please send FREE and pi>.*t|>aid your 
booklet. "RAISING HVHY C:HK:kS." 

Buttermilk Baby Chick Food 

Minerat Balanced ' Vitamin Complete ^ AttheLouestPHceinHisfortj Name 

J* RFD Town - -- 


FrattH alHO offer a Buttermilk ALL MASH STARTER and Grower for tho.e who prefer thi« method of feeding 




The Laying Battery for Efficiency— Lewis 

^'khat Mr. Finn, of Maplewooci Poultry Farm. Allamont, 
N. ^ .. says ahont Fu1-0-]*«'p Chirk Starter echoes the 
v<T<h*«"t of th(»usan(Is of poultry ;rro>vt'rs. ]ar«ie and small, 
on the profit -niakin<; value t»f Quaker Feeds. Quick pro- 
ducti(»n <)f itiarketahle meat hirds and layers is the seeret 
of profits in poultry. Mr. Finn's statements prove that 
Ful-O-Pep Chit'k Starter has reduced mortality in his 
chicks anil jriven him hroilers and layers weeks sooner than 
with other fee<ls. \\ ith Ful-O-Pep Feeds, so profitahle to 
poultry raisers in the past, you'll find your pntfits douhl\ 
assured hy the new low price of Fid-O-Pep Chi<'k Starter 
today. See your Quaker Dealer. Buy now. Cash in. at once. 




Cliick <Starhr 

B I' V <| I' A K E n F E E n K ■ .> fit T R I P E » <« A € K S 

. . . ."We have reduced chick ^^ 
mortality as low as V2 of 1%. 
Our average mortality is below 
4% . . .We often produce 2V2 to 3 pound 
broilers in 11 weeks . . . Average over 
50% egg production year after year, 
with FUL-O-PEP Feeds". . . says james f. Finn 





VOL. 37 - NO. 2 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine 

Issued the first of each month by Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
Publishing Company, Inc., Hanover, Pennsylvania 

in this issue 

Our Cover 


Louis Paul Graham 

"Keep the Intake from the Output" 65 

Lyman Peck 

roultry Keeping in Washington's Time 66 

John H. Robinson 

Righting Wrongs in Tolony Brooding 67 


Fifty Years of Poultry Raising 68 

H. T. James 

The Efficiency of the Laying Battery 69 

Harry K. Lewis 

Toe-Punch to Know Your Early Layers 70 

WiLLARD C. Thompson 

Everybodys News Pictorial 71 



16,000 Red Breeders on One Plant 

John H. Robinson 

The Pennsylvania Farm Show 

James T. Huston 

A Departure in Wire Porches 

L. M. Busset 

Editorial 78 


Your Poultry Partner 80 

Harry R, Lewis 

February in Poultry History 84 

Women in the llome and on the Farm 

Aunt Sally 

Everybodys Turkey Department 

Sara Reitz 

Index to Ouarantecd Adfcrtiscrs on page 64 


C. N. MYps. President 
Jas. T. Huston, Mng. Editdr John H. Robinson. Editor 
R. B. Alleman, Secy.-Treas. Harry R. Lemis, Asso. Editor 


Jas. T. Huston, Jr. Louis Paul Graham Sara Reitz 
WiLLARD C. Thompson D. Q. Gr.\bill A. W. Carpenter 

Western Adx-ertixing Repreitentntive 

H. C. Wheeler. 400 North Mkhitran Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

Eaxtern Adrertinin-g Represcntotire 

A. H. Bu.lingslea. 101 Park Avenue. New York City 

Entered at the Post Office at Hanover. Pa. 
April 1st, 1915, as Second Class Matter 

The Publisher's Comer 

• That truly great Pennsylvania 
Farm Products Show which is on 
in full blfest (as this is written) 
over at Harrisburg reflects the 
vfelue of Everybodys home state's 
diversified agriculture. Go where 
you will, there is nothing like it in 
the entire U. S. of A. 

• The best part of this annual get- 
together of Pennsylvania's farmers, 
neighboring farmers from Dela- 
ware, Maryland, New York, New 
Jersey, and Virginia are attracted 
to it. More than a quarter of a 
million attendance in five days is 
the record for the 1932 event. 
With more thaiv 10 acres of floor 
space under one roof, with hun- 
dreds and hundreds of exhibits to 
attract the interest of the farmers 
— no one department received 
quite as great attention as that 
devoted to poultry and poultry cul- 
tures diversified interests. 

• The market of the future will 
continue to become more and more 
discriminating as in regard to 
better quality eggs. The consumer 
will be willing to pay for eggs 
graded according to their size and 
quality. Our pullets next fall that 
possess inherently the abiUty to 
produce larger size eggs. The time 
to decide on what quality you are 
going to have next fall is right 

• In talking to a hotel proprietor 
in an average size Pennsylvania 
town the other day, we asked the 
question where he bought his eggs, 
and got this answer — "I used to 
buy them from most any farmer, 
but now I get them only from such 
farmers who grade their eggs and 
pay attention to size." This hotel 
proprietor went on to say that not 
only were the traveling public 
more exacting, but his local trade 
demanded a different egg, a better 
egg than formerly. 

J. T. H. 




Subscription Prices 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
is 4 years for $1.00; to new 
subscribers or trial, two years 
for 50c, and one year for 25c; 
to subscribers in Hanover and 
foreign countries two years for 
one dollar; to Canada one year 
for one dollar. 

Change of Address 

If you change your address 
during the term of your sub- 
scription notify us at once, giv- 
ing your old as well as your 
new address and also the sub- 
scription number which appears 
on the wrapper of each copy 
mailed to you. If possible tear 
the address off the wrapper and 
mark the change thereon. 

Address all communications 
and make all checks payable to 
Everybodys Poultry Magazine, 
Exchange Place, Hanover, Pa. 


Always state whether your 
subscription is a new one or a 
renewal, renew by the same 
name and initials as address on 
paper or else explain why you 

Advertising Rates 

will be furnished on request 
■with full and complete informa- 
tion pertaining to distribution 
of circulation. 

Baby Chicks 

Order Blank*2 

Enter my Subscription 

n 4 yr«. $1.00 

for Z! 2 yrs. 50c 

n 1 yr. 25c 

I enclose Remittance for amount 
and term checked. 

The cover this month is a re- 
minder that tlio hahy chick season 
is here. It makes no difference 
wlietlier or not yon are ready in 
Febrnary to start with a brooder 
full, the fact remains that the time 
has arrived when you must place 
yonr order to assure delivery of 
vour chicks wlien von want them. 

Today you can purchase day old 
chicks from America's <;reatest 
breeders and in either small or 
larjje quantities with a juuarantee 
of these poultrymen of live deliv- 
ery. No l>ranch of the poultry in- 
dustry has advanced to such a 
dejjree of efficiency as the business 
of producini: and satisfactory de 
liverv of dav ol«l chicks. 

Kead the advertisements of the 
breeders in this issue. We wish it 
were jiossible for you to visit these 
breeding; establishments to see for 
yourself what these breeders have 
acc(>mplishe<l in order to offer you 
baby chicks that will mature into 
profitable layers or breedinji foun 
<lati()n. This beinj; impossible in 
the majority of eases then write 
them for prices and calaloj: 
describing their breeding' methods. 

At the same time that you are 
considering your order for clucks 
be sure you have the ri<;ht kind of 
brooder to start them on the road 
to healthy lirowth. Small poultry 
ecpiipment, such as sanitary water 
fountains and feed hoppers are in 
expensive, (live these VXV2 chicks 
the best start you ever jrave a lot 
of chicks. 

Important — Feed them a de- 

My Name pendable known make of chick 

startiM*. Write to any fee«l manu 
facturer w h o s e advertisemeni 
aitjiears in ICverybodys. reciuestinj: 
fee<lini; instructions for baby 
Address chicks. The dependable infonna 

tion vou will receive in bulletin 
Post Office ^^""^ ^^''^' "•'^^' .^''*" >"<»"*'>'. 

The babv chick, during 1J>3l\ 

State especially, is an article of vast 

economic importance. It will be 
FVFRYBODYS impossible to take too much time 

•POTTTTT^Y MAGAZINE '^""^ '"'''''^ '"^ ^'''^ management of 
POULTRY MALrAZlINli ^,^^^^, ^.,^j^.^ ^^^^.^ ,,^, purchasing 

HANOVER, PA. good, healthy stock, you will be 

takinj^ a step in the right direc 

tion, for vour losses will be less. 

Index to Advertisers 

OCR GUAKANTEK: To prove our faith In 
the honesty of our advertisers, we guar- 
antee actual subscribers against loss due to 
fraudulent mlsropresentailon by any of the 
following firms or Individuals whose ads ap- 
pear in Everyliodys Poultry Magazine. All we 
asl{ Is tliat you mention Ever>'bodys Poiiltry 
Magazine when answering advertisements, that 
you order during the montli in wliich the ad 
appears and that you inform us witidii 30 
days of any loss due to fraudulent misrepre- 
sentation of the advertiser, giving full par- 
ticulars. We cannot, however, adjust losses 
due to faulty management by the purchaser or 
guarantee the accounts of honest banknipts. 

Allen Co., \V. F 87 

Aluminum Marker Works 103 

American Mushroom Industries 87 

Amdt, Milton H 76.97 

American Seed Co 87 

Athens Cliick Hati-hery 89 

Reek's Hatchery 99 

Bird Uro-t 100, 104 

I'loomer Itros. Co 9S 

Urown Fence & Wire Co 76 

Brower Mfg, Co 87. 98 

Be<-k, K. L 103 

Booth Minorca Farms 83 

Bun>ee, W. Atlee, Co 87 

Berry's Potiltry Farm 99 

Buffalo Incihator Co 92 

Booth Farms 79 

Bowden, Sherman and Son 90 

Can>enter Co., W. J 101 

Conkey Co., fi. K 75 

Oowti Iron Works Co. 76 

Katon Leghorns Farm 105 

Kgg and Apple Farm 99 

Kshelman and Sons, John W 77 

ElmcToft Breeding Farms 83 

Ferris, Oeo. B 80, 88, 94, 97 

Fisliliig Creek Poultiy Farm 91 

Falrport Hatcheries 98 

Fleming Bros 97 

Farm Service 90 

Oulden Ktile Hatchery 77 

Hall Brothers 85 

llauck Mfg. Co 101 

Hawkeye Turkey Farm 104 

Ho!is atid Clark. I)r 93 

Illinois Hatdiery 83 

Johnston Cn. . Alys 103 

Jaylioegee Faintig 102 

Kerlln's Crandvicw Poultry Farm 80 

Kerr Chlckeries 93 

Kellogg Company, R. M 87 

Kahler's Rhadylawn Poultry Farm 95 

Kircher, Otio C 84 

Lewis Farms 99 

I»rd Fanns 90 

Ijowry, Oeo. . Poultry Farm 8S 

I..eader Farms 74 O'ove Poultry Farm 91 

Lutz, Kdwanl C. Poultry Farrn 99 

Lancaster Farms Hatchery 91 

Lang, L F 92 

I>in8 Kim Halcherlei 81 

Line^rille Hatchery 84 

Limestone Pnnlucts Corp 96 

Laitz Hatchery 100 

Myers, C. N 89 

Morck atid Co 93 

Mo»ller Instniirent Co 101 

Mattson, If 103 

Mis.«»url Poultry Farm 88 

Manle, Wm. Henry 87 

.Massanntten Farms Hatrhery 85 

Metal Epg Crate Co 101 

National Poultry Band Ca 98 

Xoubert Co. , R. F 94 

National Poultry Institute 94 

North Pnnllry Farm 84 

Nuf.da Poultry Farm 102 

Outdoor Enterprise Co 87 

Oyster Shell Products Corp 82 

Pratt Food Co outside back cover 

Parks and Son». J. W 90 

Pennsylvania Poultry Farm 85 

Putnam. 1 97 

Purina MIU 73 

!»otter Poultry Farm 74 

Peerless Mfg. Co 87 

Plymouth Rock Srjuah Co 94 

Poultr>men's Service Corp 95 

Peterslme, Ira M loi 

Poultry Tribune 101 

Quaker Oats Co Inside front Cover 

Hi>s«'!a«n Pimltry Farm 91 

Redbird Farm 71 

Reiman, M. M ] '. 105 

Rib Stone Cone-ete Corp '. 103 

Simplex Brooder Stove Co 92 

Specially Mfg. Co. 101 

Smiley Farms 98,105 

Standard Engine Co. 103 

.'Jeidelton Farms 102 

Stauffer. H. M io") 

Snell, Mrs. O. B \n\ 

Sbelton. Mr. and Mrs 104 

Smith Oilckerles 90 

Smith. Ed. I.eghom Farm 95 

Tredlnnock Farm 100 

Tobaccj By-ProductJ and Chem'cal Corp. 101 

T"opliy Shop, The 97 

Truslow Poultry Farm 81 

Tl'onnvood Poultry Yards 89 

Towiisend and Sons, E. .W 87 

Trexler Farms 100 

Thompson. J. P 99 

Towanda Hatchery 98 

Cnlted I'rooder Co 93 

War'en Poultry Farm 99 

Wcno Cliick Farms si 

Wlllauer Machine Co 103 

Welsbret Farm 103 

Whitmoyer, C. W.. La)« atorlea 97 

West Shcrwo-xl Farms 101 

Wo'ff Hatctilng and Breeding Farms ... >>4 

Wilson's Poultry Farm 94 

Wvcknff's <!randvlew Poullr^• Farm 95 

Young Co. , E. C 82 




Everybodys Poultry Magazine 

Teaching Practical Science and Scientific Practice; Promoting QoodwiUg 
Harmony, and Confidence; Building Better, Bigger Business 

"Keep The Intake From The Output'* 

TKe largest factor in 
sanitation is preventing 
the 'intake*, or the air, 
water, and food from 
contamination by the 
'output' or droppings. 

SO much has !)een written and 
said about sanitation as ap- 
plied to poultry raising; that 
it mipht be well to consider just 
what sanitation means. 

As applied to the control of in- 
testinal parasites, worms, coccid- 
iosis. and blackhead of poultry, 
we mi^ht boil it all down to this — 
Keep the intake from becoming 
contaminated by the output. The 
intake of a chick is food, water, 
and air, and the output is drop 

A Rule 

If the poultry raiser will 
memorize these few words and use 
them as a yardstick to measure all 
the steps in rearing chicks it may 
simplify matters considerably. 

Before the chicks arrive, the 
brooder house or battery, feed 
hoppers and water fountains 
should be cleaned and disinfected 
to prevent the output of last 
year's chicks from contaminating 
the intake of the new lot. 

We are all prone to measure 
cleanliness by our own ideas of 
dirt. What some people consider 
clean, would be considered filthy 
by others. Years ago Dr. Geo. 
Byron Morse wrote in the 1911 
yearbook of the U. S. Dept. of 
Agriculture, "Cleanliness involves 
not alone absence of dirt and for- 

eign matter, which can be detected 
by the unaided eye and removed 
by means of shovel and wheel- 
barrow, broom and dustpan ; it in- 
volves also greater or less freedom 
from those myriad microscopic 
forms, the removal of which is 
accomplished by disinfecting 
agents which destroy them." 


What a pity it is that coccidia 
and worm eggs are not as big as 
hens' eggs. If they were, we could 
easily see them and would no 
doubt, take steps to destroy them. 
They are too small to be seen 
without a microscope and fre- 
quently exist on what appears to 
be a clean surface. Therefore, we 
must clean equipment as thor- 
oughly as possible and then apply 
the proper disinfectants. We must 
remember that disinfectant solu- 
tions cannot do their work proper- 
ly unless the dirt and other 
organic material is removed lirst. 

The smell of a disinfwtant does 
not indicate its germ-killing 
power. Some of the strongest dis- 
infectants have little odor. Muria 
tic acid and lye are corrosive; 


they burn if applied to the skin, 
yet neither of them destroyed the 
oocysts or eggs of coccidia in 
strong solutions when tested for 
this purpose. Boiling water cools 
rapidly when applied to brooder 
house floors, and therefore, is not 
a safe method of disinfecting such 
surfaces. The application of lire 
from a blow torch, if carefully 
applied, for a sufficient length of 
time, kills disease germs, worm 
eggs and coccidia. A special solu- 
tion of iodine may also be used for 
the same purpose. 

Wire frames made of 1 x 4's set 
on edge and covered with three- 
quarter inch mesh wire should be 
placed under all feed hoppers and 
water fountains for chicks. This 
prevents the chicks from picking 
feed out of the hoppers, walking 
in it and then eating in the feed 
and water. The litter may be 
banked against the sides of the 
four inch frames until the chicks 
are big enough to jump up on 
them. Wire under the roosts pre- 
vents the chicks from picking 
among the droppings. Mash hop- 
pers so constructed that the 
Please turn to page 92 

Try This for Sanitation 

A wire frame made of 
one inch by four inch 
boards set on edge emd 
covered with three-quar- 
ter inch mesh poultry 
wire, makes an ideal 
platformi on which to 
place the chicks' feeders 
and waterers. It will 
guard ag£unst the chicks' 
contact with spilled feed 
and water, and prevents 
contamination. Beuik lit- 
ter against the sides until 
the chicks can jump up. 


Poultry Keeping In Washington's Time 


The poultry industry in 
America during the life 
of the father of this 
country reviewed 200 
years after his birth* 

FliOM the settlement of 
Jamestown to the birth of 
George Washinjjton is 125 
years. From the death of Wash 
ington to the present time 133 
years have passed. ITis time was a 
middle y)eriod in the history of the 
American ])()nltry industry, now 
five lives long. It began when the 
population of the ('olonies was 
prattitally all rural with no 
thought of producing ])oultry and 
€ggs beyond home re<iuirements oi- 
of improving the stocks brought 
from Euroi)e. Within it came the 
beginnings of mcMh^rn commercial 
poultry culture and systematic 
effort toward brwd improvement. 
Appropriate discussion of the 
period begins with a few pre 
liminary remarks on the primary 

Washington's Personal Interest in Poultry 

as the people living on the 
lemd required. Frequent en- 
tries in his pocket account 
books during his presidency 
and residence in Philadelphia, 
then the national capital, in- 
dicate that he often went to 
the market himself to pur- 
chase eggs, poultry, butter. 
veget|ibles and other supplies 
for his table. He had, of course 
his own carriage and horses. 
It appears, too, that he kept 
Washington's interest in his own cow, and sometimes 
poultry was that of a farmer bought chickens in larger 
and planter to whom it was an numbers than required for im- 
essential but minor branch of mediate use, and kept them at 
agriculture. As expressed in a his residence to kill as wanted, 
letter to his farm superintend- These were the customs of the 

ent, he held that a farm 
should always produce as 
much poultry of various kinds 

times with men in business and 
in office. In some places they 
are still in effect. 

dilTcrcuci's hrtwrrti pouliry keep 
ing in the Colonies and poultry 
keeping in the mother countries. 

Individual Effort 

In the Old World from the 

The old Ktoiu poultry houne here pirturrd i>» at Tivrrtoit Four Conurs, i:. I., ut 
the edge of the dixtriet vuluditig Little Vonipton ar.d Ail'imsrHe. irhh h ints Hir 
center of aprrial hitvrent in poultrjt and the orighinl home of the Uhode Lshiml 
Red. Aeettrdiny to loeal tradition every farm eKtahlii^hrd in the latter part of the 
nth century had ox part of it-t e<iuipwent one of thene xtonr house.t. irhieh irer<- 
ttco xtory houxex, the ground floor for the Inyerx and the loft for any extra xtoek 
and for the xettiny henx in xraxou. Kutranre to the loft nan xometimes by a 
xtairivay inxide and xonietiniex by a door in the rear end. 


earliest times of which we know 
people were divided into clas.sea 
having different degrees of privi 
lege, with all lower classes more 
or less subject to the highest. The 
ownership of land was generally 
vested in great landlords, 
who actually tilled it doing so 
under systems of leasing generally 
prejudicial to poultry keeping. In 
the American Colonies from the 
tirst ownership of land was open 
to all, and everyone was expecte*! 
to grow all sorts of provisions for 
the use of his own hou.sehold, as 
well as certain staple products for 
shipment to the mother country in 
exchange for commodities which 
had to be obtained there. 

The only checks on growing 
poultry in any amount desired 
were the depredations of the 
Indians, and in some colonies tlie 
fn'cjuent shortages of grain. These 
were operative only while settle- 
ments were new and weak. Within 
a few dei'ades of the founding of 
each it was made safe for carrying 
on agriculture by farmers residing 
on the laud, each farm or planta 
tion an independent unit, which 
could have its own separate flocks 
IHtaae turn to page 91 



Righting Wrongs In Colony Brooding 


Ten common hut easily 
avoided errors account 
for most of the loss in 
brooding by this method. 

AKi:(^KNTLY launched poul 
try farmer sought my 
-advice the other day. Tie 
was just about ready to put the 
first eggs of the season into his 
incubator. Re will have those 
chicks hatched before this article 
ajipears in print, for he planned 
to bring off his first hatch the last 
week in January, mainly foi 
Easter season broilers. lie breeds 
Leghorns, and has an outlet for 
iy2 lb. broilers. He started in the 
poultry business late in the spring 
of last year, and his brooding ex 
perience during that spring was 
not satisfactory. lie came to me 
to ask what he must do to get 
better brooding results this 
spring. First he asked if he was 
wrong in getting colony brooder 
stoves and attempting to raise 
chicks in that way. A neighbor 
had discarded his^ colony brooder 
stoves, and that made my inquirer 
wonder, naturally. Ilis predica 
mcnt is not dissimilar to that of 
many who are just at this moment 
anticipating the lt«2 chick sea- 
son, perhaps, and so the discus 
sion, which I am hoping was of 
some help to him, may be useful 
for the consideration of others 
who are my readers in these 

I told this poultryman that 
emphatically he had not erred in 
getting good, standard colony 
stove equii)ment, and that he was 
not wrong in believing that colony 
brooding was an advantageous, 
economical, and etticient way to 
raise chicks. As he talked on and 
told just how he had gone at it 
last spring, it became very appar- 
ent that he had made several mis 
takes in the use of the colony 
e<iuipment which he had, mistakes 
which can be speedily rectified 

A colony houxc. 10 ft. x 12 ft., for .WO ehickx, ready to be uxed again thix xpring. 
Clean, xanitary. smokvxtavk in place and being heated up ax the picture irax made. 

during this coming chick rearing 
season. We listed his mistakes and 
then outlined a scheme for avoid 
ing them this year. Perhaps that 
list will serve as an outline here. 

]^nstake No. 1. lie had had two 
small poultry houses, each about 
10 bv V2 f(H't in size, forme»rly used 
as breeding ]>ens, and two empty 
pens in a long laying house avail 
able for bnxxling purposes. And 
that was fine and alright! He 
made his first mistake in judging 
as to the uumlM»r of chicks which 
those available rooms could ade 
quately and efficiently take care 
of. The result was then he put too 
many chicks in each room and 
under each colony stove — over 
crowded them from the start, a 
bad mistake, and yet one easily 
avoided. This year he has agreed 
to use this rule, L*r>0 to 300 baby 
chicks are as many as should ever 
be placed in one colony for eco- 
nomical and etTicient brooding 
results. His available small houses, 
each having about 120 square feet 
of floor space, will satisfactorily 
house one such coh)ny each. And 
the two or three laying hcuise pens 
which are again this year avail 
able for brooding purposes will be 


divided accordingly. A colony 
stove will be provided for each 
such flock of chicks, and the flock, 
the stove, and the 10 ft. x 12 ft. 
room will constitute *an unit' for 
his colony brooding. 

Mistake No. 2. He had had con 
stant trouble with the colony 
brooder stoves, they happened to 
be coal burning stoves, last spring. 
They had not kept even tempera- 
tures, had been hard to regulate, 
and were most undependable. In 
fact, one lot of chicks was prac- 
tically an entire loss because of 
the many times which one of the 
stoves went out during the brood- 
ing period. He was discouraged, 
and blamed the stoves, thinking 
that he had secured the wrong 
type at least. Not so'. The colony 
stoves were of stan«lard and well 
known make, and had been used 
but part of one season l)efore he 
bought them. We talked along, 
and he finally revealed the trouble. 
He had never realized that those 
stoves were really very small coal 
stoves, and ha«l to be treated as 
such, provided with a proper set- 
up, opportunity for correct draft, 
and protection from the outside 
Plea.^c turn to pnge 92 



r--«V»"W''-. "- .tK*«ii». 

.. ^-j^--^s«».«.-!:^,(M^-: 

il panoramic vietc 

Of TruMlotc Farm in eastern Afaryland. The sandy soil is ideal for poultry. 

Fifty Years Of Poultry Raising 


America used to scoff at 
commercial poultry 
raising as a sideline. 
Today, it is a recognized 
major industry. Here 
is what one farm has 
done in half a century. 

IITAVK just paid a call on a 
poultry farm wlii«h is round- 
iiijr out its fiftieth year in the 
poultry business. It is a modern 
and up-to date plant in every par- 
ticular. To the casual observer, it 
mij^ht have been founded only 
yesterday. And yet, the history of 
Truslow Poultry Farm furnishes 
an interesting,' chapter in the pro- 

l^icss and development of a ^reat 
billion dollar poultry industry. 

Picturesque Setting 

On the banks of the Chester 
River at Chestertown. ^faryland. 
in a setting; which is most pic- 
turesque, two brothers, Neal and 
Claude Truslow are ha])pily en- 
i;a|;ed in the serious business of 
breeding' and hatchinj; eommercial 
layers. They are continuin<: the 
preat work bej;un by their father 
in 18S2. Success has crowned their 
efforts. This farm, which has 
weathereil nearly a score of gen- 
eral business depressions and has 
completed a full half century of 
successful enterprise, stands as a 
monument to the genius, the initi- 
ative and resourcefulness of two 
generations in the Truslow family. 

Neal Truslow and his brother 

One of the 2J, Champion Vi'hite Leghorn Breeding Pens on Trusloxc Farm. These 

ideal surroundings serve to round out the solid breeding values 

back of Truslow Quality. 


Claude are just plain folks, who 
have always managed to keep 
their feet on the ground, no matter 
how high, far, and fast their 
minds may have traveled. Both 
men are poultrymen, born and 
raised in the business their father 
founded and which is now being 
continued under their personal 
supervision. Apparently, they have 
no management problems. Every- 
thing runs like well oiled ma- 
chinery. Neal Truslow is in com- 
plete charge of sales and general 
business administration. Claude 
Truslow assumes full resjwnsibil- 
ity for breeding and production. 
One man to produce and one man 
to sell. No need to ask them if the 
plan is successful. These men sell 
1,000,000 chicks i year. They raise 
50,000 broilers annually. They 
maintain 4000 breeders at all 
times. They control and personally 
supervise 300 flocks within a 
radius of 20 miles from Chester- 
town. These flocks are culled and 
mated i)eriodically, by Claude 
Truslow and one assistant. So 
they do have management with 
none of its problems. Outside 
labor is employed for detail v.ork, 
but the big job of planning and 
executing is happily divided be 
tween them. 

Boyhood Dream 

I was there to tear the watch 
apart and learn what made it tick. 
So, of course, I wanted to know 
what accident had caused William 
II. Truslow to follow a poultry ca- 
reer. It was not an was 
a dream. And then Neal Truslow 
Please turn to page 102 


(Left) Part of the 1008 capacity installation of laying cages on Johnstone Poultry Farm, Toms River, N. J. Note eggs 
uhieh hare been laid and uhich have rolled to the front of the cages. Courtesy Poultrymen's Service Corp. (Right) End 
view of a laying battery shoicing how, by turning a crunk it is possible to quickly and effleicntly remove the dirt from 

beneath each cage. Courtch-y Milton H. Arndt, 

The Laying Battery For Efficiency 


haying batteries will 
meet the challenge of 
the intensive conditions 
during this period of 
low egg prices. 

TITE poultry industry today 
is, like all other businesses, 
experiencing grave problems 
of readjustment. Poultry pro- 
ducers are endeavoring to reduce 
the cost of production by greater 
efficiency and improved man- 
agerial methods. These reductions 
are necessary if a producer is 
going to continue to make a profit 
on the low-priced egg schedule 
now in existence. 

One method of meeting the new 
and changed conditions, a method 
which has already passed the ex 
perimental stage, and which is 
being worked out successfully on 
thousands of poultry farms, is the 
use of hen laying batteries. These 
bateries are built usually of metal, 
three tiers high, and aie con 
structed of individual cages suffi 
ciently large to give each bird free 
movement. The cages are built 
with wire floors, through which 

the droppings fall to a special re- 
ceptacle below. Each individual 
cage is provided with drinking 
water and hopper feeding space. 
There are a number of styles of 
batteries now in use, all of which 
have been develoi)ed after long ex- 
perimentation and use. 

It is apparent that batteries are 
especially useful in housing pul 
lets during their first laying year. 
It is already suggested by some 
commercial poultrymen that \m\ 
let flocks will ultimately all be 
housed in laying batteries, and it 
will be only the breeding birds, 
hens, after they have spent a year 
in the batteries and a few months 
to recuperate, which will be 
housed in the large-flock laying 
pens. There is strong evidence to 
support this belief and I am of 
the opinion that the time will 
come, and it is not far distant, 
when we will see large egg fac- 
tories located in our cities and 
suburban communities equipped 
with hen laying batteries in which 
thousands of birds are handled for 
maximum and most eflicieut egg 
production. These batteries will 
be kept filled with actively laying 
birds. As a bird or group of birds 
ceases to produce, they will be 
marketed and replaced with a 
younger producing individual 
This will mean great efticiency in 


the total production of the plant. 
Batteries already on the market 


have been carefully designed to 
meet all possible emergencies. 
They are compact, well-built and 
so devised that a minimum of 
labor is required. Great ingenuity 
has been shown in the develop- 
ment of watering and feeding 
devices and the methods of taking 
care of and removing droppings. 
(Jreat ingenuity has also been 
shown in the method of arranging 
PleuHC turn to page 95 

A^ection of a successful type sectional 

hilling battery, shoiring spcritillij made 

tools for use in the cleaning process. 

Courtesy Brower Mfg. Co. 

Toe-Punch To Identify Early Layers 






A simple system of hook' 
keeping that will save a 
lot of labor, and will 
enable yon to know the 
ages at a glance* 

IN a recent article the first good 
reason for the marking of 
baby chicks as they are re- 
moved from the incubator trays 
was given. May we renew that 
point? It was suggested that this 
is a mighty good year in which to 
make added effort to produce pul- 
let stock for next fall's laying 
flocks which will tend to produce 
more large eggs than this and j>re- 
vious year's layers have done. 

Basing our practice on the 
easily proved and demonstrated 
fact that pullets are apt to pro 
duce the sort of eggs from which 
they hatched, it has been suggested 
that every egg should be weighed 
at the time of placing same in the 
incubator, and if it weighed at the 
rate of between 26 and 28 ounces 
to the dozen, mark it with a figure 
'6', after which it could be alio 
cated on a tray containing only 
eggs of similar size, and all 
hatched thus separately. 

When such *6' eggs have hatched, 
those chicks should be marked 
with a definite toe-punch to for- 
ever distinguish them from all 
other chicks. In that scheme the 
suggested designation for such 
chicks was, it will be remembered, 
the 'outside right' toe mark. This 
mark should be reserved for mean 
ing only this one thing, year after 

In this way in any subsequent 
season, as the poultryman may be 
handling any of his adult stock 
and finds one, male or female, 
with the 'outside right' toe-punch, 
or mark, he may know without 
recourse to written records, notes, 
etc., that that individual was 
hatched from an egg which 
weighed when placed in the in- 
cubator at the rate of from 26 to 

28 ounces to the dozen. And he'll 
be mighty glad to know about that 
when he comes to sorting out his 
birds in search for future breeders. 

Tells The Age 

Another good reason exists for 
starting this year at a well 
planned system of toe-punching of 
the various chick flocks. It is 
based upon facts which experi- 
mentation in various parts of the 
country has amply demonstrated 
in recent years, namely that in 
every hatch of at least the average 
strain of fowls there are very apt 
to be individuals which will vary 
somewhat widely amongst them- 
selves as to the rate at which they 
will reach egg laying maturity. 
There will be those which will be 
relatively early in maturing, and 
those which will be several weeks 
later in reaching the same stage 
of body development and readiness 
to start egg production, and, in- 
deefl there will be some which an 
half w.iy in between those two 
extremes, the medium developers, 
they may be called. 

Now, on most of our poultry 
farms this spring, there will prob- 
ably be several hatches, ranging 
from late January or early 
February to late April and May. 
Most poultrymen are undoubtedly 
going to hatch from their best 
breeders over a somewhat longer 
season than has been usual prac- 
tice, and advisedly so. The chicks 
of these various hatches will have 
to be more or less mixed together 
in the colony houses or on the 
ranges. Their identities as to 
hatching dates, and therefore as to 
exact ages, will soon be lost. As 
late summer and early fall arrive 
and some of the pullets begin to 
spring combs and develop into egg 
layers the poultryman will be at 
a loss to know which pullets are 
those coming into laying first, 
later, and so on. 

It is not sufficient to say that it 
does not matter, so long as all do 
start laying as the fall comes on, 
and that it really does not matter 
after all whether or not one has 

You can tell the age of your young 

puUctH by a simple system of tor-punrh- 

itig, trhirh tells ir/irn //if// arc ready 

for the laying house. 

identified each one as to its date 
of hatch, and as to the certain 
hatch from which it came. Why? 
Bocanse, the scientific observers 
have told us unmistakably that, 
other things being equal, the pul- 
lets which, of a given age, develop 
to egg laying stage earliest will be 
those which will produce best dur- 
ing their first winter season and 
even over the whole first vear. The 
sisters of the same hatch which do 
not come into egg production for 
some several weeks after the eiirly 
starters are well at it will include 
those with the smaller winter 
yields and the lower annual totals. 
The in-betweens will sure 'nou;:h 
be in-betweens. The poultryman 
should Im? able to use that infor- 
mation when he comes in another 
year to select breeders from tl;e 
stock which will have been reared 
this year. lie will want to use 
'early starters', other things beii:;.,' 
ecjual. Therefore, he must know 
when each pullet was hatched, and 
when each pullet comes into real 
egg yield. 

In order to have this simple, yet 
important, information at hand, 
no complicated record is needed, 
only the scissors and a leaf from 
the pocket diary. There are many 
toe-marks which can be made up 
Please turn to por/e 100 

W Vs 

Everybodys News Pictorial 

# 6 

Mrs. M M. Reiman, Planada. California, and the 
Grand Champion Bronze Turkey Tom at the 1931 
Chicago Coliseum Poultry Exhibition, with the C. 
N. Myers trophy awarded for this achievement. 

"In the pink of condition." Marilyn Ann Helm of 

Illinois Hatchery congratulates her father on 

winning cup for highest pen of White Leghorns 

at 1931 Murphysboro, Illinois, laying contest. 


A little girl and a big hen. Little Miss Kenyon, 
young daughter of Owen H. Kenyon, owner of 
WyckoflF's Grandview Poultry Farm, was photo- 
graphed with one of her daddy's heavy laying 
hens, which is almost as large as the child, itself. 

Bridgette Jane Ehrler with her pet, "Boots", and 
her brother, Joseph, Jr., with his dog, "Buster", 
are all proud to be snapped with the trophies won 
by the chicks their father, J. L. Ehrler, of Lan- 
caster Farms Hatchery, exhibited last year. 

16,000 Red Breeders On One Plant 


Poultry breeding on a 
scale demanded during 
these modern times is 
the regular practice on 
**the largest Red Farm' 


WRENTHAM, a pretty 
rural town in Massa- 
chusetts, on the Boston- 
Providence Road, about midway 
between those cities, has long been 
notable as the center of commer- 
cial duck culture in New Enj;land. 
Recently it has reached far greater 
fame as the scene of the develop- 
ment of the breeding of fowls on 
the same scale. This has been done, 
not through duck growers turning 
their attention to fowls, but by a 
Rliode Island Red breeder who at 
the same time expanded his pedi- 
gree breetling methods and applied 
to growing chickens the simple 
l)rinciple8 which govern the op- 
erations of the duck grower. 

Twenty-one years ago George 
Hagopiau began work with poul- 

try with 45 females and three 
males of the best bred-to-lay (as 
they were then called) Single 
Comb Khode Island Reds. Rodbird 
Farm now has capacity for 16,000 
breeders, and for rearing 65,000 
to 70,000 birds each season. The 
I)edigreeing methods adopted at 
the stnrt have been continued. Mr. 
IIago[)Ian lias steadfastly adhered 
to the policy of develo])ing his 
own breeding stock on his own 
farm. As a result he now claims 
(and as far as I can learn, rightly 
claims) to have the largest plant 
in the world devoted exclusively to 
his variety. Though he makes no 
comparison with farms devoted to 
other varieties; I have not heard 
of any other approaching his in 
the scale of operations on the same 

When I first visited Redbird 
Farm some years ago, what most 
impressed me was the substantial 
character of everything about it. 
The buildings were of rough con- 
struction, but very durable, the 
whole layout of the farm was with 
an eye to permanence; the stock 
was notably rugged. At that time 
Mr. llagopian said that, like other 

Jicdbird Farm from the aky. The irhite arrow pohttn to three netniwonitor tfipe 
laying houses, eaeh 300 ft. tony. Note the lanjc tiiinibrr of colony houses in this 

view, which is only a part of the farm. 


production breeders of the day, he 
at tirst had paid little attention 
to color, but as his stock grew in 
numbers and admitted of some 
selection on color points he had 
systematically discarded off- 
colored specimens, and would 
soon have his strain as satisfac- 
tory in that respect as in others, 
an expectation since realized. 

Allusion has been made to the 
newness of the successful produc- 
tion of fowls for breeding pur- 
poses in large numbers. It may 
well be said that for perhaps seven 
or eight years the progress of the 
poultry industry has been ham- 
pered by the inability of breeders 
using the methods and plants 
established before the development 
of large unit poultry keeping to 
adjust themselves to the new con- 
ditions. In many cases, perhaps in 
most cases, old-time breeding . 
plants were built on sites too 
small for growing the young stock 
on the scale required today. Nor is 
only the older breeders who are 
handicapped by lack of room. 
Many latter-day plants have been 
unable to develop as breeding 
farms for the same reason. 

It is interesting to consider 
Redbird Farm with ivference to 
area and numbers of fowls and 
chickens. The farm contains 210 
acres. The breeding stock main- 
tained is 76, and the chicks raised 
annually (the highest figure) ',V.\4: 
to the acre. This of course is not 
the actual per acre capacity or use 
of the land: our largo unit 
methods give much denser adult 
l)opulation per acre, and more 
chicks per acre in the earlier 
stages of growth. The figures may 
however be taken as showing the 
land needed to maintain necessary 
rotations in growing stock on soil 
which admits of heavier stocking 
than that of many localities. 

On what is done on this farm, 
the capacity of any smaller farm 
with like suitable soil may be com- 
]>uted. The results will indicate 
the possibility of maintaining 
breeding plants large enough to fit 
into the scheme of modern poul- 
Please turn to page 100 






-extra LIFE extra GROWTH 

New wonders in chick life. . .new wonders in growth. . . 1932 pushes aside 
feeding traditions of long standing. Ingredient "X" is now in chick feed. It's 
the secret process of synchronizing proteins... the nicking together of the 
right protein ingredients in Purina Chick Startena and Purina Chick Grow- 
ena. You cannot see it in the feed, nor is it listed on the analysis tag. Yet, 
Ingredient "X" clearly shows itself in one place... the chicks themselves. 
You'll see it in added life and health. . .extra feathering. . .added strength 
in frames and extra ounces of flesh. These priceless extras you get from 
Ingredient "X" in Chick Startena and Chick Growena at no extra cost. 

Ingredient "X" didn't just happen. No, indeed. Only after 
six long years of chick testing twenty-five protein ingre- 
dients singly and in combinations at the Purina laboratory 
and the Purina Experimental Farm did Ingredient "X " 
come to Ught. ExacUy 308,502 weighings were made of 
50,429 chicks on test. Blending of the proteins was the 
only difference in the feeds used. But what a difference 
in chicks I Some were big and 
healthy ; others were scrawny. 
Some had good growth but poor 
feathering. Others had good 
feathering but small frames. 
Out of it all came the secret 
process of synchronizing protein 
ingredients for super-growth of 
chicks. This is Ingredient "X." 
It's in Chick Startena; it's in 
Chick Growena. 




This year start your chicks on Chick Startena. Keep an 
eye on them. Note how quickly fluff changes to feathers, 
frames stretch out, and their bodies take on weight. 
You'll have a real sense of satisfaction with their size 
and health at six weeks. Then switch your chicks to 
Purina Chick Growena. Your chicks will be money- 
makers weeks earlier either as broilers at eight weeks 

or big-framed, fully-developed 
layers ready for laying when 
egg prices are highest. Surely 
in economy days like these, you 
can't afford to feed your chicks 
anything other than Purina 
Chick Startena and Purina 
UNA ^1 Chick Growena with Ingredient 

CHICK ni "X." Purina Mills, 819 Checkcr- 

|OROWENAW board Square, Saint Louis, 

CHOW 1^^ - Missouri. 



S- C. R. I. REDS 

100% Free from B.W.D. 

98% Livability Guaran- 
teed up to three 
weeks of age 

Trapnested, Pedigreed Strain 

We have been trapnesting, 
pedigreeing and breeding for 21 
years to produce the Redbird 
Farm strain. We maintain 16,000 
selected breeders on our own 
210-acre farm for the produc- 
tion of Hatching Eggs and Baby 
Chicks. This season, our prices 
have been reduced about 15% 
to meet current conditions. 

To assure success, buy from 
an established breeder, special- 
izing in production-bred S. C. 
Rhode Island Reds. Make your 
reservations now. 

FREE CATALOG, new illus- 
trated edition, gives our Guar- 
antees in full detail and explains 
how Redbird Farm Chicks will 
improve your flock and increase 
your profits. Write for it — 


Route 23 WrenUiam, M&ss. 


State Supervised - Blood Tested 



MIfflintown. Pa. 

White Leghorn Chicks 

lieRuIt of more than 20 years 
careful breedini? for eee pro 
duotion. EVERY MALE is 
from a dam with an R. O. P 
or contest record of 2(»0-29S 
CKff in one year. EVERY 
CHICK comes from a Leader 
hen bred and raised righi 
here on our own farm 

CATALOG which gives a 
complete story of the breed- 
ing methods so carefully 
observed at Leader Farms 




•- -. .g =• c 

1 » 


- / 

' 1 t^fi^ffj^g^^^ lUiPiii^, 




Section of the poultry department at the Pcntuiylvania Farm tihow at Harnsburg. 

This show has heeome a great national exhibition, and <itfraeted perhaps more 

attention from the lusitors than any other department. 

The Penna^ Farm Products Show 


GUT A. LEADER •:. R2, York, Pa 

Pennsylvania's great 

Farm Show is remarkable 

in quantity and quality 

of diversified exhibits. 

THE state of Pennsylvania occupies 
an enviable position among state 
fairs and expositions. In fact, this 
annual exposition held in the building 
erected by the state costing one mil- 
lion and a half dollars and covering 
more than 10 acres under one roof — 
is a great state fair and exposition 
combined with a poultry show thrown 
in, that is a credit to the men who are 

More than one-quarter million 
farmers and their families are view- 
ing the exhibits at Harnsburg this 
week. A week that is crowded full 
with educational features and events 
with sufficient amusement in the way 
of contests to make and keep every- 
body happy. 

Cash awards for the various depart- 
ments of the exposition closing Jan. 
22nd total $37,819, the largest 
amount ever offered at a State Agri- 
cultural Exposition in the history of 
Pennsylvania. Farm shows have been 
held in this state dating back a full 

From 1917 the real strides forward 
have been made, leading up to the 
present truly remarkable accomplish- 
ment and the realization of this great 
farm show building, which is the 
largest structure of its kind in the 
United States. The building has a 
frontage of 800 feet, contains two 
judging arenas, an auditorium with 
seating capacity of 3000, six conven- 

tion halls, 730 exhibit booths 10 feet 
square, together with competitive ex- 
hibit space of more than 125,000 
square feet. Yes, it is some building. 

Well, what about the poultry show, 
you ask. Having perhaps visited as 
many Fall and Winter Poultry Shows 
as the next fellow in the past 25 yeans, 
I want to say that our first impres- 
sions are made on balance — and here 
we found it. To obtain this balance 
in any poultry exposition requires 
management plus interest on the part 
of the exhibitors. The state manage- 
ment of the Farm Products Show 
made no mistake in naming John 
Vanderv'ort and his able assistants C. 
O. Dossin, H. H. Kauffman and D. C. 
Henderson as in charge of the poultry 
department and egg show. These men, 
with strong co-operation of County 
Agents Ross Gridley of Beaver Co., 
R. J. Waltz of Norristown, H. S. Sloat 
of Lancaster, and W. H. Davis Mil- 
ford, made everybody happy and in- 
cidently put on one of the very finest 
balanced shows it has ever been our 
pleasure to see. 

Just as it requires management to 
be successful in the business of poul- 
try raising, it requires management 
gained from experience to success- 
fully conduct a poultry show. More 
than that it requires a man at the 
heed who knows poultrymen, and 
loves poultry. These requirements are 
so manifest in the smooth operation 
of this grand poultry exhibit at Har- 
risburg that the State Farm Products 
Show Commission must feel highly 

Speaking of balance we have it in 
the diversified exhibits of production 
breeding and the ultra of exhibition 
bred in a number of varieties. The 
more popular breeds and varieties 
vied in excellence in many classes 
with the beauty of type and feather 





of the less extensively bred varieties. 

With National Specialty Club 
Meets in Buff Plymouth Rocks and 
Buff Leghorns the buff color lovers 
were out in force — and what is more 
beautiful than top notchers in golden 

Turkeys created added interest on 
account of all being weighed as part 
of judging requirement. Some re- 
markable specimens were shown. 
White Hollands came second only to 
the Bronze in point of numbers with 
a White Holland carrying off the 
coveted honor of Champion for 1932 
Turkey Exhibit. 

The egg show was what it could be 
expected to be under the able super- 
vision of D. C. Henderson. The in- 
terest aroused by this large and beau- 
tifully arranged display was apparent 
to those who observed the thousands 
who crowded around the tables. The 
city people who visited the farm show 
and whose interest was aroused on 
seeing these perfect eggs are sold for 
all time on quality eggs graded for 
size, color and uniformity. An egg 
exhibit should be the part of every 
Fall and Winter Poultry Show when 
arranged as at Harrisburg. 

Everything of interest to poultry 
raisers was on exhibition — poultry 
feeds, incubators, brooders, equip- 
ment of every kind, poultry houses, 
supplies for every use, baby chicks 
and their producers there to tell you 
all about their ancestry. The arrange- 
ment of the booths at the Farm Show, 
both in the poultry section as well as 
throughout the entire mammoth build- 
ing with its many departments and 
feature indicate that John H. Light, 
managing director of the entire ex- 
position understands in a knowing 
way the value of arrangement of com- 
mercial displays. On every hand we 
heard nothing but words of apprecia- 
tion. The only disappointed one were 
those who believed they could obtain 
space at the last minute. At this ex- 
position, booth space must be reserved 
months ahead notwithstanding their 
are 21 departments and 730 exhibit 
booths available. 

A great exposition because of man- 
agement, attendance, and co-opera- 
tion on the part of everyone who had 
anything to really do with it. 


Poultry Possibilities is an 
unusual book on poultry culture. 
If a beginner you should have 
it. If experienced you should 
have it. Our special offer of a 4 
years' subscription to Every- 
bodys and Poultry Possibilities 
for a Dollar Bill gives you a 
complete course of teaching the 
fundamentals of poultry culture. 

Use Coupon Inside Back Cover 

Mr. A. Sieb 

of Sieb 

\e§, §ir. . . 

more and better 
chicks at le§§ €0§t/ 

^■2W 1^ t 







In 25 years never found 
a chick starter to heal it! 

Mr. Sieb of Sieb Hatcheries, Lincoln, Illinois, pro- 
duces a million chicks a month. He knows chicks 
and feeds. Therefore, his advice should interest you: 
"We handle thousands of chicks each season, 
and in our 2 5 years' experience we have 
found no feed to beat Conkeys Buttermilk 
Starter. With it, we have raised more and 
better chicks at less cost." 
Conkeys Starting Feed contains an abundance of 
buttermilk, milk albumen, meat meal, etc., scien- 
tifically balanced and blended. No mixing — no guess- 
work. It keeps the bowels open and the digestive 
tract in a healthy condition. 

Remember, only Conkeys is vitalized with Y-O, a 
product rich in the B vitamins of brewers' yeast and 
the A and D vitamins of cod liver oil. The elusive 
A and D vitamins are held secure by Conkeys special 
patented process. 

Change to this proven, safe, successful and complete 
chick ration and watch results. You, too, will raise 
more and better chicks at less cost. At your dealer's, 
or write us. 


6701 Broadway Cleveland, Ohio 

MUls: CleveUind, O.; Toledo, O.s Sebraska City, >«6r.,- 

Dallas, Tex. 


all your 

feeds wilh 


Conkeys Y-O is a pow- 
der containing veast and 
cod liver oil, rich in Vita- 
mins A and D of cod liver 
oil and B of brewers' 
yeast. Just mix 2 SK of 
Conkeys V-O with your 
regular feed and watch 
results. You'll be sur- 
prised! Write for prices. 





Conkey also makes an 
All-Mash Chick Ration 
for raising broilers in 
storage brooders or for 
raising chicks the All- 
Mash Way. 

Gentlemen:— I am interested in the following that 

are checked: ^ ^ .(489) 

a Free Poultry Book D Gecco Em Mash 

D Buttermilk .'Start- nq Feed D Tonkevs Y-O 

D Gecco Growing Mash D Remedy for 

Same . . , 




Electrically Heated 

Nol Chick Battery 

Raise Chicks 
Easily and Safely 

The most advanced principles 
of chick brooding are incor- 
porated in t'lis unit. Six large 
decks, each divided into 2 com- 
partments, one warm and one 
cool. Each warm compartment 
heated by carbon bulbs. Operat- 
ing cost lower than for any 
other heated battery. Every 
drawer on each deck pulls out; 
every drawer operates inde- 
pendently. Wonderfully well 
built battery for hatchery dis- 
play or storage of chicks. Ideal 
starting unit for small broiler plants. 
Capacity for hatchery storace. 750 
chlfks. 500 ohicks for 3 weeks, or 480 
cJiloks for 4 weeks. Special Price, 
compiete with bulb*, this month. $60. 
Write for new »xx)klet on Battery 
Brooder and Individual Hen Battery 
Equipment. It's freet 


Battery Brooding Specialist 
235 Bernard St. 
Trenton, N. J. 
Oept 17 

Jim Brown 



my CoMMT-Steel 


lasts TwiM as Lon. . ^ 

WrtU for mt Nfw CUT PtUCB 
Oktmkc aM \t*m kU aboat mrNjrW 
COPPEStSTEKL Kanctn* that l««t»TW ICE 
■a leas — MT«« roo HAl-F yonr face* moocr. 
My D«r prieaa ar* LOWEJT io raaia. 

MKCT From Factory— Frdeht PAID 

Tbat'a anotbar raal aaTiM— nor«»»»in« at f raicfat 
^Mta. I'Ta alwara paid taa fraicitt— «UU do errn 
aSTmJ^TKWMTCOTPllCE?. 24 boor 

atylaa Farm aad Poultry Fancaa. Barb WIra, 
IPMta'uataa, MaUl aoj Roll Rooflnc. PaiDta. j 

iOb atylaa Farm aa^Poultrr Fancaa. Barb < 
SmI Poata. Uataa, MaUl and Roll Rooflnc. Pamia. 
Babr Chleka. Poohrr Soppllaa. at*. IM pa«aa-, 
writ* for Cataloc todi "" - *" 

Tea eaa btiy now , pay I 

wi^^or Cataloc "today. Emt payrnrnta too. 
— • T later .-JIM KROVSN. 


LOcpt.4723 Clavalaml, O. 



'^ " 'ur hoses 


Ekctric Welded Fabric 
/(/ea/ /or Feeding Fences 

UTjy pay hiRh prices for poul- 
try wire products? Buy direct 
from Crown at wholesale pric- 
es. Use electric welded fabric 
^ .tl* mesh, heavily galvanized, for feeding 
fences. Strong, durable. Other Crown wire 
products for every need. All sold direct 
at rock bottom, money saving, 
prices. Write for catalogue. 

Crown Iron Works Coa 

1174 Tyler St. N. E., Minneapolii 

»i)-A Griybar Bldg New York Gty ^^•'' ^^V* 

A Departure In Wire Porches 

A simple, easily built 

wire porch that is not 

expensive and is always 

clean and sanitary. 

THE writer has just returned from 
Rockland County, New York where 
he was in conference with two poul- 
trymen on the subject of wire floors 
for sun porches. One party has had 
17 years experience with turkeys and 
has had considerable experience with 
wire floors. The immediate problem 
under consideration was to devise a 
better way of building a sun porch 
12 feet wide and 40 feet long — the 
length of the building, with partitions 
five feet apart. The big problem was 
to devise a method of supporting the 
floor which would prevent the accu- 
mulation of droppings on the sup- 
ports. Another problem to be solved 
was to determine on the best wire 
fabric for the purpose. 

To make a long story short, it was 
determined at the writer's suggestion 
to suspend the floor from above, in- 
stead of using supports. 

This new and economical method of 
construction can best be understood 
by an explanation of the sketch here- 
with. Between points A, B, C, D, and 
E, are five 2 in. angle steel top rails 
bolted to four 5 ft. angle steel posts 
of the same material. This material 
is known as pen angles, which are 
punched every two inches for attach- 
ing wire fabric. The posts are driven 
in the ground one foot, leaving a 
space of about one foot between the 
ground and the floor, F, G, H, and I. 
The floor is supported from above by 

A diagram shotring the 
arrangement of thin new 
u-irc porch. The principles 
and advantages are de- 
xrribed in this article by 
the author, who is irell 
vei-scd in the icire require- 
ments of poultrymen. 


strips of heavy wire fabric on the 
sides and front and by partition J, 
K, L, and M. Hooks are used to 
support the floor next to house. 
Porches may be any length in mul- 
tiples of 10 feet. Gates N and O are 
formed by cutting the heavy fabric, 
to hinge at the bottom and latch at 
the top. 

The above type of construction is 
made possible by using a new type 
of wire fabric for the purpose. Here- 
tofore, wire floors have generally 
been of "hardware cloth" or "hex- 
agonal netting." Many now realize 
that it is not only possible but very 
desirable to use a larger mesh than 
has heretofore been the practice. By 
using a larger mesh, heavier wire may 
be used for*firmness and rigidity. The 
wire fabric which best meets the re- 
quirements is welded wire fabric. In 
many cases floors for this type of 
sun porch should be of 4 in. x 1 in. 
mesh (% in. between wires) and of 
No 11 gauge. Two strips 60 in. wide 
and 12 ft. long are required for each 
10 ft. porch. The % in. spacing is 
parallel with the house. Strange as it 
may seem to some, all birds over two 
weeks of age are able to handle them- 
selves perfectly on a wire floor of 
this kind. 

The 24 in. welded wire fabric used 
for the sides, front, and supporting 
partitions may be of the same mater 
ial as used for the floor; or it may 
be of wider spacing to allow broilers 
or hens to feed through from troughs 
hung on the outside. The 1-% in. 
spacing is advocated for broilers, and 
the 1-% in. spacing for hens. For 
covering the top, common poultry 
netting of 1 in. mesh 20 gauge or 2 
in. mesh 19 gauge may be used. 

The fabric of the floor is attached 
to the vertical fabric by means of 
galvanized "hog rings". These rings 


:^, T^ / 







are of No, 12 gauge and a simple in- 
expensive tool is used for clinching 

The advantages of the above 
method of construction should be 
perfectly obvious. There seems to be 
no good and economical method of 
supporting wire floors from below 
without using supports which accu- 
mulate droppings, and which defeats 
to a large extent the purpose of using 
wire floors. This new type of sun 
porch is very easily erected, and at 
moderate cost. The five steel pen 
angle top rails, the four steel posts, 
and the wire fabric referred to above 
can all be purchased at a cost of ap- 
proximately $16.00 per porch. The 
materials will last many years. Wood 
may be substituted for steel by using 
two by fours for both top rails and 
posts. If wood is used it will be 
necessary to use intermediate posts. 

Through the Editor of this maga- 
zine the writer will be pleased to com- 
municate with those who are inter- 
ested in the subject of wire floors. 


Garden Show to Reorganize 

On Saturday, January 2nd, in New York 
City, a <all meeting of the officers and 
directors of the Madison Square Garden Poul- 
try Show, Ini-.. was held with all present 
e.\cei>ting President T. A. Havemeyer, absent 
on account of illness. 

Sec. Lincoln Orr submitted in detail the 
financial circumstances he had previously 
wired the directors, leading to the calling 
off of the show scheduled Tor this January 
6th. Unanimous confirmation of this action 
was voted. All the directors agreed that in 
view of the circumstances the proper thing 
had been done. In all the years of the darden 
Show the successive managements had taken 
great pride in having paid all financial obli- 
gations i)romptly. With no probability or in- 
surance of there being a greatly increased 
paid attendance it was apparent that the re 
duced receipts from entry fees and booth 
8pa< es would make impossible the paying of 
ca.>ih i.romiums fmm the cash rei»erve that had 
been almost wiped out by the losses of the 
last several shows. It was deemed too late 
to undertake securing outside financial as- 
sistance and the directors were not in a 
position to make up the inevitable loss 
if a show were held as now scheduled. 

Due appreciation of responsibility to the 
exhibitors was acknowledged and the very 
sincere regret of each officer and director 
was expressed. 

Vice-president Harvey O. Wood laid a 
tentative proposal before the Board which 
embodied the possibility of a continuance of 
the show under new auspices. It was voted 
unanimously to turn over all the stock to 
him for such action as he might see fit He 
exjilained that his plans would include 
changes in officers. nian;igement, policies and 
the g'-neral character of the show and all 
voted to give him a free hand. 

In the near future Mr. Wood will submit 
an outline of his plans to all Garden ex- 
hibitc rs of the past several years and ask 
for their suggestions. He revealed enough of 
his plans to let it be known that his program 
would be largely co-operative, with oppor- 
tunity to all exhibitors to take stock in mod- 
est amounts. 

For the present Mr. Wood will be at Room 
1900. Hoard of Trade Bldg., Chicago, where 
he will be pleased to hear from all who are 
interested in reorganifation plans for a truly 
great Poultry Exposition in New York, 

QO years 


of Farm 


Chick Starter 

has consistently given 
96% to 99% success 


^ 'rn 

^' m \ 

"Raised I446 chicks out of 1500** 
— "149 out of 151" — "492 out? of 
£00" — "369 out of 371" — these are 
typical Eshelman results. Not one 
year only, but year after year. For 
Eshelman have been in the feed 
business for four generations. 
It is worth while to use the best 
ingredients, to proportion and mix 
carefully, to farm-test every single 

Profits are essential. And profits 
come from those extra chicks that 
grow to healthy maturity. 

Since 1842 four generations oj the 
Eshelman family have been in the 
feed business. "The men who make 
Eshelman feed for you are most of them 
farm-raised. They bring a knowledge, 
interest and pride to their work — 
r which produces better feed for you. 

Lancaster, pa. 

Send me your free book (76 paces) on 
hatching, care and feeding poultry. 
B. P. M.2-1 



* ItTAttltMiO ■•«! > 



Oolden Rule Chicks 



Vi)U gel Uie veiy l't'>t ptiro-tprril ^elwteU stock at pmi-.-i wliidi ln'.p Joi 
maka a profit. Get full lnfi>rniat inn uii our healthy blcirxitestcd flocks If 
you are a chick buyer. One i»f the pioneers In the diic* business, we 
iiavo hiiilt a business on Rood chicks and fair pri(vs. We won this 
yoar 2S f;r« aiid 22 senmil prizes on indirldusls. also 24 out of 30 
premiums on i)en.s entered at Crawford County Fair. 

Free Chick* for early orders. It tolU thp wh..!e sti>ry. Shows bird* In 
natural o'lors. .\ help to any poultr>-maB. Write for your oowr today. 
We (Tuarantee lon'^r live deliTery and tiaiul behind our diicks in 

every way We ■'lilp <' '^ !> Sati*fa<nion Guaranteed. 

GOLDEN RUIjE HATCHERY. Box 207, Bncymg. Ohio 









Oh, if everybody could get 
V^ over being glum. If only 

Q everybody could appreciate 

that many of the ills attend- 
ant upon the present eco- 
nomic situation are due to 
our individual state of mind. If we 
could only appreciate that the sooner 
commodities all return to normal price 
levels, the sooner would existing con- 
ditions naturally correct themselves. But 
no, we are too prone to sit down and fret 
and argue about it. We are too anxious to 
try and hold commodity prices, especially 
those which we are selling, at an abnor- 
mally high level, out of line with existing 
costs of production and out of line with 
the ability of the consumer to buy. Just 
so long as we try by artificial means to 
fight off the return to normal conditions, 
just so much longer and just so much more 
I)ainful is the operation of deflation going 
to be. This attitude on the part of the 
individual is natural, overcoming it re- 
quires not only considerable will power, 
but a rather keen understanding of broad 
economic principles. 

The condition is not common to any one 
class of people. The farmer who produces 
and sells his own product is very apt to 
assume this supersensitive attitude and to 
charge for his commodity all and more 
than the trade will bear. The poultry pro- 
ducer is no exception to the rule. Here is 
a typical example. We are hearing right 
now from many quarters, the complaint 
that baby chicks are not selling up to 
normal volume. From still other quarters 
comes the reports of orders and sales far 
in excess of past seasons. What is the 

In examination of business principles 
surrounding these two different grciups, it 
is shown very clearly that on one hand 
producers of baby chicks have not reduced 
their prices to a level with the deprecia- 
tion of the dollar and the reducti(»n in cost 
factors which go to influence the cost of 

producing chicks. Also, we find that it is 
often the case where chicks are not moving 
readily this year, that the producer has 
failed to budget and spend on an intelli- 
gent program a sufficient fund for adver- 
tising purposes. Demand is made, it does 
not come stalking around the corner. 

The way to create a demand for one'.s 
product is first of all to produce an article 
of distinction and merit, that applies to 
baby chicks, hatching eggs, breeding stock 
and in fact to all poultry products. 
Ilaving produced this quality product, the 
second fundamental principle is to jmt a 
price on it high enough to insure a reason 
able profit but low enough to insure the 
movement of a substantial volume and low 
enough to remove insofar as possible the 
great selling obstacle of high price. 
Especially is this true right now when 
bei'ause of economic conditions there are 
less dollars in circulation and what are in 
circulation are at a greatly depreciated 
value. The next principle in selling our 
product, is to go get business and don't 
expect business to come to you. 

There was never a time in the history 
of the poultry industry of America when 
judicious, intensive, well-balanced adver 
tising of a quality product offered at a 
reasonable price, would be more effective 
than right now. When people have a lot 
of money and feel flush, when products 
are bought and sold freely, and when 
business is in boom condition, advertising 
and intensive selling programs are not as 
necessary to insure volume sales as it is 
when business is depreciated and the pur- 
chaser reticent about investing his limited 
capital in the commodities which you have 
to offer. 

Don't get sick and discouraged, and sit 
down and give up trying just because your 
baby chicks are not moving as rapidly as 
they should, because your pullet orders are 
not up to last year, or because price of 
market eggs is lower. But rather, tighten 
up your belt a Please turn to page 91 




300 to 342 EGG 
Official Records 

342 EGGS — "DUlaaa." 
oar all-time rhaiBpion l,eg- 
\horu hen of U. S. Record 
hu»de ti«(M-gi» o n t e » |>. 


— Obf world reeord bre»lt-< 
ing pen, Quincv, Illinois, 
/ CoutMt, 1»30. 

316 POINTS Our Cham- 
pion R. I. hen of all U. S. 
Standard CoHtests. Record 
msde at G«>orj{ia ContP«t. I!>r51. 


Made by this pen of our 
Rods at Marphysboro, Illinoia, 
ContMK. 1931. 

In the 1931 egg laying contests our 5 highest pens (50 hens) 
averaged 262.5 eggs per hen for the year, leading all Agricultural 
Colleges, breeders and hatx^heries entering 5 or more contests and 
setting a new World Record for five pens. Our 18 pens of Leghorns, 
Barred Rocks and Reds entered in 11 different contests for 1931 
averaged over 250 eggs per hen for every hen in the entire 18 pens 
—another World Record. This consistent high production for all 
our entries is even greater proof of quality than our championship 
pens and individuals. All these hens were bred and raised on our 
own farm and thousands of their sisters are used in our AAA Mat- 
ings. All our AAA White Leghorn chicks are sired by sons or grand- 
sons of hens laying 300 or more eggs per year and other breeds from 
correspondingly high ancestry. 

The Big Money Making Strains 

and vigor — makini; tlie greatest amount 
of high egg production blood owned and 
contr lied liv any ono organization in the 
world. -Vs a re.sult we tan offer chicks 
from stock >-o good that we absolutely 
guarantee them to outlay any chicks you 
can buy elsewhere at any price. For 
eggs, broilers or table poultry these 
quiik maturing, heavy laying strains will 
givo you greater satisfaction and higher 


Our 18 Pen. entered in the 1931 official U. S. 
contests made a grand average <>» *'J«';^*f*' 
egg. per hen. A NEW WORLD'S RECORD. 

For 15 years we have systematically 
pedigreed, niatiKl and trapnested thou- 
sands of hens to develop the Ho<>th 
strain.s for liigh egg production and Blti 
EtJGS, the kind that top the select 
Eastern market. We now have on our 
farms owr lld.OOO banded. Sluto Accre 
dited breeding hens, directly descended 
fri>m our highest record trapnested 
layers. Kverv hen in our fljcks i.< 
bLoODTESTKD and brim full of life 


Standard Quality Chick. (State Accredited) AA Special Quality 






White Leghorns 1 • j qq $38.00 $75.00 $10.40 $50.00 

Brown Leghorns ) ^ ^ \ 

j 8.90 43.00 85.00 11.40 55.00 

9.90 48.00 95.00 i 12.40 60.00 

Reds, Anconas 

Barred Rocks 

White and Silver Wyan. I 


> 98.00 

302 EGGS — Dam of our 

Champion pen of Barred 
Kocks, Murphysboro. Illinois. 


Our (»rjind Champion pen 
Of Barred Kocks for all 
three Illinois Contests, 

Huff Orps., White Rocki 

Assorted Heavy Breeds— 100, $7.40; 500, $36. Light As8orte«i— 100, $6.10; 500. 

$30. AAA (250-342 egg record) Trapnest Quality CHiicks 4V»c each more than AA. 


Booth chi(ks are from BLOOD- 
TESTED flocks and are guaranteed 
to live and lay more eggs after they 
are grown than any you buy 
elsewhere as explained in our cata- 
log. Only the knowledge that Booth 
hens have outlaid those of every 
other breeder competing with us in 
the official laying contests makes 
such a guarantee possible. 



WIN $1,000 

Joining with a leading Poultry 
Magazine, we are entering all our 
customers FREE in their $1,000 
Chick Raising Contest, which includes 
a ;i6 page book on chick raising — if 
vou win 1st prize we will give you 
$250 extra for a letter telling us how. 


BOX 712 

Clinton, Mo. 

Explains marketinp 
plans successfully 
used by our custom 
ers to obtain much 
more than the usual 
market price for their 
eggs, in some casen 
twice as much as the market price without ad- 
vertising or soliciting privat* customers. Tells 
all about our breeding methods that will double 
your poultry profits. Gives full contest records 
and petligrees and shows actual photos of our 
farm and high record breeiiiiig flocks. 


BOOTH FARMS, Box 712, Clinton, Mo. 

Please rush at once a FREE copy of 
your new 1932 catalog. 



Town State 

80 ' 

1047 Pullets 

Gathering Eggs 


Laying House 

More Proof of Greater 

Money Making Qualities of 

S.C. White Leghorns 

Think of it! Kg'rX'a%"„'ni'u*''A 

number of over 1.000 that averaged 202 eggs each 
■nd returned $6 1 65.35 in one year, that's going some ! 

7J;«\r''l* ^- S- Crowl, Choctaw. Okla., did. In 
1930 Mr. Crowl purchased 2500 "Kerlin-Quality" 
chicks At 5 months he had 1047 pullets. First pul- 
IV '■"!"* 3 ™o»-. 20 days. At the end of the year 
yj*pu"et« were about through the molt and laying 
JO*^ as a start on their second year. And all as healthy 
"" asthey were at the start of the first year. 

Mr. Crowl sent 1500 miles for his 
chicks because he has learned 
3 recognize the greater money 
Flaking qualities as 60,000 
f others have, in every state in 
the Union, and in 24 foreign 
' countries, of trap nested, con- 
J test winning, mountain bred, 
I healthy "Kerlin-Quality" S. C 
( White Leghorns. 

20 Lbs 

w//h every WO 
chicks ordered 

Great Prize and Sliow Winners 

"Kerlin-Quality" Leghorns won 117 cash prizes of 
91635 in the Poultry Tribune and our own contests, 
sold medals at the Pa. Farm Stock Show— over 800 
nocks competing. Customers raise up to 98% to 
maturity— pullets lay 26 or. eggs at 5 mos.— report 
nock averages up to 283 eggs each. 32 years' breed- 
ing, selecting, and trapnesting are behind "Kerlin- 
Quality" Leghonu. 


^ Color 

Don't guess! Consider actual 
proven facts. "Kerlin-Quality" 
breeding stock U MOUNTAIN 
BRED — strong, vigorous and 
healthy. Get "KERLIN-QUAL- 
ITY" BABY CHICKS this season 
and KNOW the diffeience. Prices 
are amazingly low — with a liberal 
discount for placing order early. 


Keriin*s Grand View Poultry Faroi 

204 Walnut Road, Centra Hall, Pa. 





Ferris quality is known the world 
over. Get prices on stock, eggs 
and chicks from the same blood 
lines as our famous winners at 20 egg con- 
tests with records to 338 cjtkb. Our busineiis 
IS the largest of its kind in the world t>ecauae 
wepleaseourthousandsof customers. Wa ship) 
C. O. D. and (riiarantee safe arrival and com- ' 
piste satisfaction wherever you are located 


Mr. Ferris 
Send me 
your new 
catalog Jk 
and quote 







Your Poultry Partner 


Meeting Problems of Reproduction 

pOULTRY are relatively 
-■- short-lived, hence reproduc- 
tion, or the producing of new 
generations of pullets be- 
comes one of the most import- 
ant problems of the poultry- 
man. It is important, first, 
because it must be done so 
often. It is important in the 
second instance because so 
much depends upon incubating and 
brooding as affecting quality and pro- 
ductivity of each succeeding genera- 
tion. Each year the poultryman must 
produce a new flock of young birds. 
This has its advantages and dis- 
advantages, the advantage being that 
with this frequent reproduction one 
can more quickly attain improved 
conditions through proper breeding 
and rearing practices. The chief dis- 
advantage is the yearly responsibility 
and cost of hatching, brooding and 
rearing young birds. 

The success of the reproduction 
work goes back directly to the mating 
operations, but which includes as well 
all questions relating to incubation, 
brooding and rearing. The average 
poultry farmer will either produce hir 
own chicks and carry on his own 
breeding and incubation operations, 
or he will look to some responsible 
breeder or hatchery operator from 
whom he can buy reliable, quality 
chicks each year. During recent years, 
the practice of buying baby chicks, or 
as if often the case, pullets after they 
have gn'own sufficiently to be able to 
get along \vithout heat, or from that 
time on to maturity, has been quite 
general. The purchase of pullets has 
many advantages because it does 
away with the labor and care of 
brooding, but for most poultrymen the 
purchase of baby chicks will continue 
to hold many advantages and will be 
an extremely attractive method of 
reproducing the flock each year. There 
is just one word of caution which 
should be given to those in search of 
baby chicks. Know what you are buy- 
ing, buy them from a reliable, respon- 

sible producer, be sure the 
chicks are of good quality, 
with reasonable expectations 
of freedom from disease, and 
that they are priced right. In 
regard to price, one should be 
willing to pay a fairly sub- 
stantial cost in order to insure 
quality of the product which 
he secures. 

Incubator Operation 

Many poultrymen will, during the 
next few months, be concerned with 
the operation of incubators and 
brooders. The successful operation of 
the incubator as a factor in reproduc- 
tion, involves a number of very im- 
portant problems. First, there is the 
question of being sure that the in- 
cubator is thoroughly cleaned and 
disinfected, and that it carries no in- 
fection or contamination from the 
previous year. Then again, it should 
be carefully inspected and tested to 
see that all the essential features of 
operation and control are in perfect 
working order and its temperature 
regulating devices are functioning 
with extreme accuracy. One must 
appreciate that in the operation of an 
incubator, temperature is the most 
important factor, with proper turning, 
ventilation and cooling as secondary 
considerations, but nevertheless all 
vitally important in the final results 
which are secured. 


If the reproduction operations are 
to return the greatest possible ad- 
vantage to the producer steps should 
be taken to carry on a system of 
pedigree hatching and brooding in 
order that the resulting chicks may 
be of known ancestry. It is not neces- 
sary that each chick hatched be pedi- 
gree incubated and brooded, but a 
considerable number should be in 
order that a future generation of 
known inheritance can be available 
for trapnesting and breeding opera- 
tions, and also that the poultryman 

/^ f all the problems with which the poultryman must concern 
^-'^ himself there is none of greater importance to the future 
welfare and success of his business than those questions relating 
to the breeding and production of the new generation of birds 

to replace the present flock. 




may test out the efficiency of his 
matings. Pedigreeing may begin with 
the trapnest, the eggs marked with 
the number of the bird laying them 
and the date they were laid. They are 
then placed in an incubator and 
handled just as any egg would be 
until the 18th or 19th day, when the 
eggs from each individual hen are 
placed in separate cheese-cloth bags. 
When the hatch is over, the resultmg 
chicks should be leg-banded, or wing- 
banded, with small aluminum, num- 
bered bands, in order that their 
identity may be carried on throughout 
their life. Pedigree breeding and the 
production of birds of known ances- 
try is most interesting, because it 
offers possibilities for strain improve- 
ment and also interesting because of 
the enjoyment which one gets in 
following through production records 
and genealogical records from year 
to year. 

Feed Cod Liver Oil 

February presents the same low 
temperature and rigorous weather 
conditions which were emphasized in 
January Poultry Partner. The same 
precautionary measures for the pro- 
tection of the birds must be con- 
tinued. The days, however, are rapidly 
lengthening, there is more sunlight 
and it is during February that the 
birds need plenty of alfalfa and 
plenty of cod liver oil in order to 
maintein that strong, vigorous germ 
and good hatchability which is so 

essential. .« 

Next month Poultry Partner will 
discuss some of the essential prin- 
ciples in brooding, as it is related to 
the successful operation of reproduc- 


Mrs. C. W., Maine.— Last year 
Mrs W. crossed her Rhode Island 
Red" hens with Barred Plymouth Rock 
males and obtained very dark grey 
pullets. She asks whether it is ad- 
visable to breed them back to R. I. 
Red males. That depends on whether 
she wants the chicks grown this 
season to be more of the Red than of 
the Rock type and color :-supposing 
that the parent stocks she used were 
typical of their breeds. Many of the 
Reds of large strains are in type Red 
Plymouth Rocks," and many Ply- 
mouth Rocks are "off type ' in size 
and shape, yet of no smaller breed 
type. This is true also of many under- 
sizes Reds. This class of ftock is no. 
worth breeding from at all. Attempts 
to use it by crossing with males of 
good size and type with the idea of 
improvement in the progeny are 
rarely satisfactory. The proportion of 
good stock obtained is not likely to be 
large enough to offset the loss from 
unthrifty chicks. ^ *« Kp 

Supposing the stocks used to be 
typical and normal; the use of Red 
males with the crossbred pullets may 
be expected to give mostly red 
chickens of both sexes with some ad- 


Claude Trusloio Section of the famous Trmlow Breeding Plant 


On our 50th Anniversary we 
applied for patents on 
TOXITE, s preparation 
which we invented for the 
control of Coccidiosis. As a 
birthday gift to you, we will 
send, absolutely free, pae gal- 
lon of TOXITE with each 
order for 500 chicks. This is 
done to prove that TOXITE 
will control Coccidiosis for 
you as it has for us. Write for 


Of Truslow Chicks 

CHAMPIONS — Yes, champions, with fifty years' 
selec^t^bref^ing back of them-f hafs what we offer you 
Xis veL The first hen that ever layed 3l4 eggs m an 
official contest supplied us with cockerels years ago. 
I*ce hen we have crossed our splendid Leghorn laying 
strain with other champions secured direct ^om such 
famous breeders as Tom Barron, Hollywood and Beaie. 
Where could you possibly secure better stock. 

In addition to this wonderful «"\" ^^ l^^***"-"^,,^! 
have equally fine Barred Rocks and R. I. Reds, unexcelled 
for broiler purposes and excellent layers, too. 

Jslever Such Chic\ Values 
Never in our fifty years' experience have we offered such 
remarkable chick values. This year you can t afford to 
burordinary chicks when you have this opportunity to 
«t Treal laying strain at greatly reduced onces And 
gere is another point-Based on hundreds ofreports. we 
find hat over 90% of the chicks we hatch are ra^ed 
Accordingly, we are making one of the most liberal 
guarantees ever offered on baby chicks. 

Write at once for complete information and »|?c h*nd*o™f 
book we have published to celebrate pur Fiftieth Anni- 
v«sar^ You till be astonished at the low prices we are 
quoting this year. ______ — — — — — - 

PlMsTsend me your book and quote prices. 



No. Chicks Breed Date Wanted. 



•. I /n • L GUARANTEED TO LIVE, backed by a I'vj*']'** | 

lOO 300 500 lOO 3P0 500 

Br-vn,. Bu(T and White Leghorn. t»f 12425 $40 00 ,n 50 $3... 75 $55.00 

lUrreJ. White. Huff Hocks ■■■■.■■ 11% dZ 15 $5 1295 38.00 62.50 

8. C. and H. C. Beds. B I- .^Vhit«s^_^. 9.9^ -« W '» :^ \r, ^^ gg ,„) 62.50 

Wh. Hf. Orr. Wh. W>d. >\Ti. Mlnorcas 9.90 -9 00 4.^-5 l- ^j, ^^ ^^ ^^ 

Light Brahmas ••• • • -v •;,• - j^: i,5o 4425 72.50 18.00 54.00 90.00 

Jersey Wh. «5l«''t». Dark O.mlsh IS.'W 4* « ' 

i^r^T rr^r^Ms .i-iho-^-nve-deui;^'-^ari'.tc*a. Hectx.cai.y hatred. $1.00 | 
r^NE'tLM 'HATCHER7E8r Box E. Nokomla. III.: Lltehfleld. III.; Hillsboro. 111. 

Le^orns, Rocks 
Ri>ds. Wvandottes 

Bram-Rocks. Rhodi-RocKs ^ 

^«fw%fm« That La3^!arge Chalk-White Eggs 
Leghorns That i-ay ^ s .,., „^ee. ,. .t^uci^^cej^Br;^^ - 

Sadr.UVoduein. chalk-h^aVz^r Th^^'e 
r/perUr'hefs ^rt mated'toV C P. cockerel. 
from hi ph record dams. 

w. *erii Dioneers in introducim Cposa-Breeds for 

rpcp inuitrated Catalo« tells how we prodtce 
8p"." -bri S C. WhiS L«,hom.. Cn,.s.Br*ed. 

and itraioht "He 







▼ ▼ V 

Being careful — yes, fussy 
— about little things often 
means the difference be- 
tween profit and loss. 

About every poultry man 
knows that he should feed 
oyster shell, and why, but 
some are not fussy about 
it and buy just oyster 

It's easy, safe and profit- 
able to say "pilot brand 
OYSTER shell". It con- 
tains no waste, no rat- 
gathering odors or poison- 
ous matter. 

If your feed dealer is fussy 
about his reputation he'll 
sell you PILOT braxd 
without your asking. It 
is the standard of quality 

On sale at feed dealers 


Nf w York St. Louia London 




for Immediate Delivery 

Built-in sections. . .from finest kiln- 
dried lumber. . . .ajiproved designs. . . 
singlo or double floors. . . .insulated if 
desired. . .can be mounted on Bkids or 
set on cement block.s or flat stones. 
FreiRht jirepaid into many States, 
freie'ht allowance on distant bhipments. 

Poultr>- Himsis. I'lRfin 
House*. Ilalililt IIiKcix-, 
etc. Write today. 


1 Depot Street 
Randolph, Mass. 

mixture of other colors, and the use 
of Rock males to give stock pre- 
dominantly of their color. 

Sex hinkage 

C. p., New Jersey. — The inquiry 
about this cross refers to it in con- 
nection with sex linkage, apparently 
under the impression that sex-linkage 
applies to all crosses. This is not the 
case. It applies only to those in which 
the chicks of different sexes are 
regularly or generally of different 
color when hatched and so separable 
at the start. Crosses of white varieties 
give all white chicks in the first gen- 
eration. In some experimental breed- 
ing colored chicks have appeared in 
later generations, but not as the 
editor understands in accordance 
with any principle of sex-linkage. 

In regard to the practical value of 
the cross (a point of inquiry by this 
correspondent and another) it will 
produce chicks generally intermediate 
between the parents. Whether they 
will be stronger and more vigorous 
than the parent stocks cannot be told 
in advance. The basis of the very 
common belief that they will be is the 
prevalence of the practice of crossing 
until recent times. In either crossbred 
or purebred matings progeny may be 
stronger or weaker than parent 
stocks, or not noticably different. No 
studies of reasons for this have been 

Feeding 12 Pullets 

G. L. H., Massachusetts. — You 

need not be concerned because your 
Red pullets of good size and develop- 
ment were not laying at six months of 
age, especially as they were rather 
late hatched and had not as good 
growing conditions to finish growing 
as earlier pullets have. A flock of this 
number is very easily managed and 
fed. Keep a good commercial laying 
mash in a hopper accessible at all 
times, and give them as much mixed 
scratch grain daily in the litter as 
you find that they will clean up during 
the day. Give several times a week 
any green feed convenient to use. 
Keep water before them. In feeding 
in litter renew it often enough to 
keep such depth and condition that 
grain thrown in it will be covered. In 
this way grain keeps clean until 

Wire Floor Brooding 

M. R., North Dakota. — Mr. R. 

writes that he is having trouble with 
chicks brooded on a wire floor, noth- 
ing particularly wrong with them but 
they do not thrive. I suspect that the 
trouble may be too much circulation 
of air under the chickens. In using a 
colony brooder house in cold weather 
the difference in temperature at the 
outside walls and at the stove is apt 
to make the circulation of air in the 
room rather rapid. If a wire floor is 
used under such conditions provision 
should be made to prevent draftiness 
under it. 


Home Qrown Feeds 

R. R., Illinois. — Farmers who have 
their own wheat, com, alfalfa and 
other hay, will usually find it good 
policy to use commercial mashes to 
supplement them, particularly if their 
market conditions are good, or even 
fairly good. Even on such farms full 
efficiency in feeding both chicks and 
hens calls for about the same pro- 
portion of mash as elsewhere, and the 
great majority of poultry keepers do 
better with expertly balanced stand- 
ard commercial mashes than with 
those of their own compounding. 

Ventilating House 

S. B., New Jersey. — This is a house 
12 ft. wide and 127 ft. long, 7 ft. high 
at the peak: side height not given, but 
should be about 5 ft. The pens are 
12 x 18. In the front of each is an 
open window 30 in. high and 6 ft., 2 
in. wide, with a 6-light sash window 
at each side, and a door 3 ft. wide. 
The ventilation of this house will 
depend somewhat on its surroundings 
and the circulation of air outside of 
it. In a breezy spot the open window 
in the front may be all that is needed 
the greater part of the time in winter, 
spring and fall, and by opening the 
door when the window is insufficient 
the house can probably be kept com- 
fortable on warm days and through 
midday at those seasons. If it is so 
situated that there is not good circu- 
lation of air around it more ventila- 
tion is needed when the weather is at 
all warmish; and under any condi- 
tions more is needed in summer. I 
think the most effective way to pro- 
vide it is through ventilators in the 
roof, extending to near the floor, and 
with slides which can be closed when 
desired. For extreme hot weather it 
may also be desirable to have open- 
ings in the back of the house. 

Developing A Breed 

W. C. D., Pennsylvania. — "I would 
like to drift away from the Leghorn 
and take up one of the American 
breeds, forgetting the commercial end 
and go in as a breeder doing pedigree 
and trapnest work. What breed and 
variety would you think best for the 
East, I mean a breed that the public 
will take to and one not so far ad- 
vanced. What possibilities do the 
Partridge and Columbian Rocks have, 
or the Partridge and Columbian 
Wyandottes? I have four acres of 
land, and would Hke to make it a one 
man plant keeping about 800 fowls. 
Would this suffice for that number of 
fowls and growing the young stock 
to replace two-thirds of them yearly?" 

This letter is typical of a class of 
inquiries becoming more numerous 
since the ratio between egg and poul- 
try prices has stimulated interest in 
meat production. Some who have 
been keeping egg breeds look for the 
best meated strains of those breeds, 
others' turn attention to general pur- 
pose breeds. The trend from strictly 

i J 



commercial to breeding work is also 
becoming quite marked, which was to 
be expected for practically all poultry 
keepers who succeed in plain com- 
mercial farming eventually take some 
interest in breeding, and those with 
special aptitude for that line are very 
likely to work into it exclusively if 
they have a variety which finds favor 
with the public, and are good sales- 

In considering possible popularity 
of varieties, it must be observed that 
there are degrees of it, depending 
generally upon the relative difficulties 
of breeding the established color pat- jr-, 
tern satisfactorily. As a rule more 
people will take a white variety in 
preference to a colored one of the 
same breed, yet often circumstances 
combine to make the colored one more 
popular. The basis of the preference 
of commercial poultry keepers for 
white birds seems to be the absence 
of black pin feathers in the dressed 
poultry, a point which is of import- 
ance in proportion to the scale of 
operations, and the quantity of stock 
to be marketed as broilers. 

The principal objection of amateurs 
to colored varieties has always been 
the difficulties of breeding to color. 1 
think that there is a good deal of 
traditional fallacy about this point 
dating from the early days when they 
were new and apt to "throw back 
when different stocks were bred to- 
gether, or when subjected to new 
Conditions. There is no real difficulty 
in breeding any of them now if a 
breeder uses the knowledge of breed- 
ing at his command. 

For that reason it has been my 
view for some years that Practically 
all varieties of good breeds ha^e 
possibilities of considerable popular- 
ity if bred to meet present day de- 
mands and promoted judiciously. Mr. 
D. probably does not mean literally 
to forget the commercial end. ihat 
must be always kept in view. In 
specifying that he wants a variety 
"not too far advanced" I take it that 
he means one not bred to such high 
perfection that keeping it to that 
irade is too difficult for a beginner. 
The varieties he mentions by name, 
in both breeds, have been bred by 
some breeders to practical perfection 
as show birds. That is true of almost 
all varieties. But in all cases where 
any kind of poultry becomes popular 
the bulk of the demand and of the 
sales is for the average good speci- 
mens, crediUble representatives of 
their kind in appearance, and service- 
able producers. 

Four acres is not enough land to 
carry the stocks proposed permanent- 
ly It might answer for a few years, 
with strict sanitation. The first ques- 
tion here is whether in developing a 
one man plant for a breeding plan 
Mr. D. needs that many fowls That 
depends on the quality he establishes 
in his flock and the prices he can 
command for it. 


^V ftr*** 







'No. r Eggs. 


IT'S more profitable to raise 
200-egg hens when they lay 
big white eggs than200^g birds 
lay-ing Ught weight eggs. TOte 
Minorca eggs from Booth Stram hens lay 
Get hiehert market prices for your eggs. Make more 
SoneVwiS B^olh'sVhite Minorcas, the strain that 
E?sLVof big, white eggs. The demand is singing t^ 
tJLds heavier birds that are large producers and will stiU 
u 1 M«*„rmarkS^w£ The great shift to Booth's White Minorcas 18 

SefeSSIfol" of^^^lS^-orld.'^Never before has a new etnun. ol any 
breed, come to the front so fast. « ,« ^ ^^r 


about this opportunity for greater 
profits fcrom your poultry. 

Booth Minorca Farms 

Route 62, Pleasant Hill, Mo. 

Booth Minorca Farms, Boute62 
Pleasant HUI, Mo. „^„ „. 

llcaw ecnd me your FKEE Wiwotem 
book at once. 


St. orRu 






MILl.. *^° 

OcJober 3ltl^ l^->i ^^11-%^^^^ '.^,11 '^Ti 4.h and SuTkigh Individual. ToUl 
and rOXIBTH HIGH I'EN, .i. d 3rd 4m^ Awards. 

winniu^ts in Kg<! ^y^l^':lt'^%iiXl^inVo^iTyrr^hiine Healthy Chick R«is- 
HELM'S LEGHORNS WON SECONTJ m t^uui^ ^ ^^^ ^^^ customer 






















White and Brown Leghorns ^7.90 

Barred Eocks. Reda. Anconas. } 8.90 

White. Black. Buff Minorcaa | n.oo 

White Orpingtons • -^.^.^^—^ $8.40—100; $40—500. 

MS'^^ir.r.nSTd eX4»" "^t\°b.s .= ». s. emcKs or pro™, merit .j^ho..« 


^ „,ui-rc 1 FrHORNS & BARRED ROCKS 


from Virginia State Certified Breeders Baby ChicK^^^^^^^ 

ing Eggs and Breeding Stock. W ^^Ij^gtON. VA. 








Now ia the tkne for plain talk. Kircher's Buff Minor- 
Ms reprewnt a hlgh-Krade business Invest ment. und I 
will back them up as such, to the ninazin« extent of 
the strongest guarantee ever oftcred to poultry raisers. 
MEAT PROFITS— and I post a part of the pur- 
chase price with you as a forfeit! 


For years, the poultry world awaited an Egg-Claaa 
chicken having both sire and weight. Then we an- 
nounced Klreher's Buff Mlnorcas. In ninety days the 
Buff Minorca boom had raced from Coast to Coast! 
Today thousands of hens of other breeds being re- 
naced with Buff .Mlnorraa. Millions yet to be replaced. 
Klreher's Buffs now the best known strain In the 
world. Hatcheries bid hieh for hatching ckks and elad 
to get them. YOUR OPPORTUNITY NOW— chicks 
from Buff Minorca Headquarters — raise a flock — sell 
Chicks, hatching egga. stock at double other breed 
prices, and more. 


The Leghorns matched for quanfltv. outstripped for 
quality and slie of chalk-white ■•tlrsta" selling at the 
markets highest prices the year around. Big, strong 
bens, charged with the endurance for lading through 
■ero weather. 


Better prices when sold. Bigger broilers, noted for fine, 
Mkvory meat. The most practical color for a chicken — 
hard for hawks to see. does not show dirt. No dark pin 
leathers. My flock Increased this season to fill orders I 
waspbllged to turn away In 1931. and to meet the 
powlng demand. Send name and address for full In- 
formation, chick prices, now— before this year's 8ui>- 
ply Is sold out at headquarters! 

■•X 112 Butlor, Mo. 

Mb. Kibchzr: Send me tree catalog. 
Nam., _... 




SPECIAL DIscou^^^ 
for early orders. Better blood 
lines constantly added keep 
up quality of UNESVILLE CHICKS. 
Reports of satisfaction and profits 
prove excellent conditions and healthy 
vigorous stock from which they are 
produced. You. too, can earn larger 
profits from LINESVILLE CHICKS. 
S. C. W. Leghorns. B. & W. Rocks. 
S. C. R. I. Reds, W. Wyandottes and 
Buff Orpingtons. Get FREE CATALOG 
with late price list. 

Box 42 Lineaville, Pa. 




Baby Chicks and Hatching Eggs 

Pennsylvania State Certified and Ac- 
oredited. Heavy Laying Strain. Large 
Birds. Large Epps. Booklet. 
North Poultry Farm, McAlisterville, Pa. 

February in Poultry History 


Whv Gamb.-'" ' WOLF-CERTIFIED' CHiCKi 

, , . •G^;A»ANTEEI- JVAb,..lT- 

Wolf- _t-'ti.tca I04I niv<!» you iiijh p^-oaucioo quAii. « je: ■ 
horn. &t ov d» .'iC. I.ock> a> .o»» af 9 ^ . ^riu ex a> o 
CatA.u^ III en or_.exp «inini( mir 1<. -day iivabi;it> i 
WOLf i-iAi ,niNO a IWEIDINO t'A«M: E«. « G. o 

Sampling Februai-y periodicals of 
different periods brings out strongly 
the changed status of this month in 
the yearly cycle of poultry interests 
and work. Particulars of this will 
come in due course in the notes which 

Frhruary in the ISSOs 

Surveying the poultry industry in 
America today it is hard to realize 
that in the corresponding decade of 
the last century, and to the end of 
it, the sum total of things done with 
the purpose of arousing popular in- 
terest in poultrj' culture, or any phase 
of it, was only three. Two of these 
have been previously mentioned in 
this department: the exhibit of Emdtn 
Geese at the Rhode Island State Fair, 
October 1826; and the publication of 
an American edition of Moubray's 
"Treatise on Poultry etc." at Boston 
in 1832 — just one hundred years ago. 
The geese were shown as a novelty. 
No records of other exhibits of poul- 
try at fairs appear until after 1840. 
The extreme scarcity of copies of 
both the first American edition of 
Moubray's book and the second 
edition, printed in 1837 indicate 
small editions and distribution. In 
fact books at all technical find little 
sale except to persons already in- 

Fchruanj 1838 

Poultry Culture First Featured in a 

The issue of The Cultivator, Al- 
bany, N. Y., for this month contained 
a general article on poultry keeping, 
compiled for farmers from Moubray's 
book. This appears to be the first pub- 
lication of information about poultry 
designed to give readers of a periodi- 
cal an adequate idea of ways and 
means of making poultry contribute 
to the farm income. Not only in this 
country up to that time, but in Eng- 
land from the beginnings of agricul- 
tural journals and repoi'ts a genera- 
tion before, most studies of farm 
economics and statements of farm in- 
come are notable for the absence of 
all reference to poultry and eggs. 
There is reason to believe that in 
many places, and perhaps quite gen- 
erally in England, this was a situation 
peculiar to the period, brought about 
by conditions unfavorable to the con- 
tinuance of former farm and cottage 
practices in poultry keeping. In this 
country cities of any size were so 
few, and wild game birds so abundant, 
that to the period now under con- 

sideration there had been little oc- 
casion for farmers even in the 
neighborhood of the largest cities to 
specialize in poultry. 

Fchruunj in the 70s and SOs 

The early poultry papers — the first 
being established in 1870 — featured 
more fully with respert to poultry the 
suggestions for the work of the month 
which in the agricultural papers cov- 
ered all phases of farm work. It may 
be said in passing that the idea of 
suggestions appropriate to the month 
did not originate with monthly peri- 
odicals, but simply distributes in them 
through the year, what agricultural 
books from most remote times gave 
for the whole year together. 

As late as 1884 the "Hints For 
February" in the Poultry Monthly, 
which had become the favorite paper 
with those giving special attention to 
poultry, begin — "Usually we begin to 
lay out plans for the coming year 
this month." Among the general run 
of poultry keepers who did not take 
poultry papers, and adjusted opera- 
tions to the traditions of seasonal 
times to do things Washington's 
birthday figured as an appropriate 
date for opening the hatching season. 
In the Northern Illinois locality 
where I grevf up it was the day to set 
the first hen — if you had a broody 
hen by that time. To have set a hen 
that day meant a certain forehanded- 
ness in poultry keeping. 

At this period, and long after, 
February was the month for mating 
the breeding pens with nearly all 
breeders who exhibited and con- 
sequently with most breeders; for 
though it would be supposed that all 
who could would mate their birds 
earlier, the common tendency always 
is to do as the well known breeders 
are doing, I came to the conclusion 
fully a quarter of a century ago, and 
published statements to that effect at 
the time, that this practice of 
"eleventh hour" making of matings 
was a heavy handicap on the efforts 
of breeders of Standardbred poultry 
to develop business, for as a result 
of it most breeders were not prepared 
to take full advantage of the de- 
mands for their stock, but lost one- 
third to one-half of the season. 

Looking back over developments 
since that time, I am inclined to be- 
lieve that this practice of belated 
mating was one of the underlying 
causes of utility poultry keepers' dis- 
satisfaction with exhibition-bred 
stocks. Only a small proportion of 



those stocks were hatched in season 
to be serviceable breeders in their 
first year for those who timed their 
breeding season to get the largest 
possible income from their eggs and 
poultry. The idea is now very pre- 
valent that first year birds should not 
be used as breeders anyway, but that 
is by no means fully borne out in 
common experience. In the days when 
the public was acquiring the preju- 
dice against exhibition strains which 
has played havoc in some directions, 
the approved practice was to try all 
promising young birds as breedei^ 
and it was rare that a bird which did 
not breed well the first year was given 
a second chance. 

The point is one for all breeders 
who are out to get business to con- 
sider. The great majority of poultry 
keepers are now 'commercial-minded, 
and try to adjust their work as far as 
possible to the customs of the most 
successful commercial P o J 1 t r y 
growers and egg farmers. February 
i. no longer the month to begin to lay 
out plan! for the year. That is done 
two months or more earlier. The pre- 
cise time in each case seems to be 
determined by the time wher^ the 
noultry keeper is in a position to 
Correctly appraise the stock grown 
the past season. , . , . 

This indeed is the factor which has 
always been applied. When the 
relative abilities of breeders and 
valuerof their stocks are determined 
In the exhibition room, the dates of 
he shows at which they conipete 
decide whether or not they will be 
in a position to meet the d^niands of 
possible customers whose operations 
are adjusted to a different annual 

'""untU tCestwishment of laying 
competitions the shows were the only 
public agencies for deciding between 
rival breeders. The laying fompeti- 

Sons set up di^ ^.'^ V tfe t'o the 
judgment, more intelligible to the 

public. That of itself was an ad- 

vantage to those using the"^ *^ar 

more important (it seems to me) in 

Us relation to those patronizing the 

laying contests, and to the deve op- 

ment of the industry, was the fact 

ri fthP laving contests terminated 

realize on that value, ]^""J " ^ 

-'r^Tt^ Tt' Jntrshows 
P'"fwo three and sometimes four 
were two, three^ a their sales 

ro'rtiVnrorrthf interested public. 

Breeding and Bu.ine.. Cycle, Mu.t 
Be Coordinated 

In commercial poultry culture as 
now developing, February is the 
month which should see the greater 
Tart of the brooding capacity of a 
l^neL poultry plant in use. Unless 
Tt is, receipts for the year, and part 
i'/ta«' turn to page 91 



We offer you the famous Ream Strain ... 
winners of the first official egg-laymg contests strain of many latest vvmners... 
constantly trapnested for 25 years . . . consistent 

C( «,anu Blood will tell! The same strain that has con- 
OME to the source of many f/°°^^r" ^^j^^ed contest winners is produc- 
poultry farms' supply . . . the same ^^^^^"jSt^^yard profit winners. Profits of $3 
place where they got their flock Kg ^.^^ reported constantly . . . high 

foundation. For a quarter century „ ^ average is the keynote. Build your flock 

" ' on this solid foundation ... a consistently 

producing strain ... old enough to pro^e its 
laving blood definitely established . . . good 
enough to produce new winners for our cus- 
tomers every year. 

Special price for orders booked ahead on 
S. C. W. Leghorn, Rock, Red, Wyandotte 

. . . years before most poultry hatch 
ers and breeders were in existence, 
this strain was winning laying con- 
tests. Years ago P. P. F. was trap- 
nesting for flock average . . . still is! 

Net«d for winter' 
cggt ar« 

ACT NOW! Stock has always 
been limited to size which can 
be personally handled by Chas. 
Ream, breeder ... Old cus- 
tomers take a bigger per- 
centage of supply every year 
. . . send today for facts that 
mean profits to you. 


Box F Lancaster, Pa. 

o* .^Hallcross 



r.McKS — 



30 pens of Be. at Storrs Contest. Our pen is 3^ ^.f end o^^^-S^^^^JIX 
LaIoE eggs. TMs agree. ^^^^ ^SrVrOFIT 

that mean, lar.e e..s and lote of them ; Qmck .ro..h^^^^^ p,,, 

HALrB^OTHERs" Bo, 62 WAtLlNGF ORD. CONN. T.l. 645-5 



Mor. Thousand. "< J'" J^^Hrtu-IZ "' " 

CHICKS h.v. "''"•'"':!;:?, 'deliver • alt 
more sro • for '";"''?"",, ™i,i„ 

Certified Baby Chicks. 

State CertlCled 

Fvery cl.i. k is i.rodu.ed from a (■ERTIFIED 
Ecfo soUted for 'size. ''hape. weight and coW 

T.^;^t:^^'^'^:^^ Tr^n^^^^^ «Itchery" "inc 


BOX 6560 

-«— i-^uliTfd by tlie Virginia »iaM 
viHiijn of State Inspectors enforcing mmuM 

"' " Blood Tested 

only ->-'-» •'T''''^V;*".nrUd't*^eTl ?y 8ta" 
been Individual y ''»»»*»*V? ?R \v?KE oi *lBot «id 
ra'f.r'i.mi'u' '^.^'^'.n^'Vla.e CVrMned Bat,, 

"^^e for FREK ^^^..^^^l^r^T'l^ 



YOU can make good money in your spa^e time by 
acting as our special ^ubscnption^^ 

ZIKE, Hanover. Pa. 

Women in the Home and on the Farm 


Pennsylvania Dutch 

Pennsylvania is renowned for its 
Dutch cookery. The round faced 
Hausfrau have a reputation for con- 
coctions and unusual recipes which 
top those of celebrated French cooks, 
and may be had for the asking, if you 
travel their way. 

As I recall the dishes best known in 
our Pennsylvania Dutch family, some 
of them do not sound as appetizing 
as they certainly did when they lived 
in colder houses and wore the flannels 
of my Grandmother's day. For in- 
stance, Schnitz and Knepp, Ponhoss, 
Lottwarick and Schmear Kase. These 
have practically the same ingredients 
but we have turned the utensils for 
baking and stewing until from the 
very same materials we now have 
Upside Down Cake, Philadelphia 

Scrapple, Cream Cheese, and Apple 
Butter, a favorite now served with 
hot biscuits. The heavy rich foods 
have been set aside for more vege- 
tables, green foods every month in 
the year and our pastry has a greater 
sugar content. Sugar, you know, was 
a real luxury back in the old days, 
and the doctor's say our generation 
has grown entirely too fond of con- 

But out from the list of common 
dishes served in our first homes there 
are two of a salad nature which are 
particularly appetizing this time of 
year. In place of calling them Krout 
Salad, with the emphasis on the last 
syllable of salad, and Sour Potatoes, 
we now say Hot Slaw and Hot Potato 


Spirit Of Yesterday 

February is the month of 
hospitality. Christmas chimes 
hardly cease until Cupid's ar- 
row darts right at February 
14, on the calendar. With the 
birthdays of Lincoln and 
Washington also included in 
the shortest month of the year, 
is it any wonder we find our- 
selves in the humor of cele- 

Why not encourage remi- 
niscences by unearthing the 

old frills, laces and hoop 
skirts our ancestors wore? 
This will fit in well whether it 
is a community affair or a few 
guests at home. For illumina- 
tion, use candle light and oil 

The supper should be 
served from tables spread 
with the familiar red and 
white checked cloths our 
grandmothers knew, if some 
odd blue china is in hiding, 
bring it out and look up any 
old dull pewter pieces or silver 
tableware, like the castors and 
butter dishes. The castor will 
make a lovely centerpiece. If 
it is a community affair, spring 
meeting of the Poultry Club 
or Grange, then have a table 
at either end of the room. 
Flower holders are ideal for 
holding groups of flags in the 
center of the tables and add 
the patriotic significance. 
Cherry decorations on the 
food, give a hint of Washing- 
ton's part and the heart 
shaped cookies and arrow pi- 
mentos on the salad all carry 
a festive air. The old time cos- 
tumes will add still more and 
a white wig or two lends no 
end of merriment to the cele- 
bration of days gone by. 

Hot Slaw 

Slice or grate cabbage and steam 
until tender in salted water. Drain 
and cover with the following mayon- 
naise, allowing it to boil before re- 
moving from the fire. Beat two eggs 
until light, stir in M cup sour cream 
and the same measure of vinegar. 
Season to taste. Pour over the hot 
cabbage and serve while very hot. 

Hot Potato Salad 

Slice potatoes, and boil until ten- 
der in salted water. Drain and stir 
into the following dressing. Chop 
several slices of bacon or salted pork 
into tiny bits and brown very dark 
in a skillet. Pour over the bacon a 
liquid made from beating two or three 
eggs until very light, adding V2 cup 
sour cream and an equal measure of 
vinegar. Add 1 tablespoon of sugar 
and other seasoning to taste. When 
boiling hot, add the potatoes which 
are still hot, and toss about carefully. 
Sprinkle with a dash of paprika be- 
fore serving, and slices of hard boiled 
eggs, are a delightful addition. 

Pecan Pies 

Have you heard of pecan pies? I 
had my curiosity satisfied when I 
first had the pleasure of drawing from 
its celophane bag an individual pecan 
pie. The general makeup of the pie 
was studied before I ventured a test 
of the delicious filling. Where had I 
tasted that taste before? Before fin- 
ishing, I recalled that the main filling 

Shopping Corner 

Th« itemi described in the Shopping Corner 
each month, might add to your comfort or 
eonveniencei. To learn where they may b« 
purchased at the price quoted, mail a telf 
addretsed envelopo, with a clipping ot the 
item or ittmt you wish, to Shopping Comer, 
Everybody* Poultry Magazine. Hanover. Pa 

BLENDES — This month so many items 
come to mind as the shops ore given the once 
over for bargains, that it is a hit difficult to 
make selections. However, since every day 
brings a pie or cake, the blender will fill in 
well for just that sort of mixing. The cost is 
49c. and durable material which should last 
for a lifetime. Easily washed and does the 
trick of cutting in shortening, or blending 
sugar and butter in a jiffy. 

COBEB — Apples are still fresh and crisp 
and this simjile corer and parer for 10 cents 
is almost a give away. Cuts out the core, and 
the trained worker can peal beautifully with 

KINGS — Last month or was it in November 
wo told about the large gelatine mold? Here 
are the individual ones the same shape, a 
circle with opening in the center for 10c each 
or a smaller size two for 5 cents. 





D Garden Book 

World's greatest Garden ^^ 
Guide, describing all '''*''X| Cw 
flowers and vegetables with • ' ^•^•/l 
117 NEW varieties. Hundreds of pic 
tures. Planting information. Send 
10c for 35-cent packet of beautiful 
new Marigold Guinea Gold. Write 
today for FREE Garden Book. 

183 Burpee Bldg.. Philadelphia 




Peerless Honey Bells and Bird 
Supplies of all kinds. The very best. 
Send at once for price list and free book- 
let. Give name of your hardware dealer, 
if be doesn't have FEESUBSS Products. 


Dearborn, Box 74, Dept E-P, Mich. 



PfiM BtoemiMC Slx« Bulks 

Just to introduce KtlloRKsmany BigBargam 
offers on FIowlts. Shrubbery, Fruits and Ber- 
ries, well send you 6 of our special big gorge- 
ou'SKladioI.^s— all for only 10c postpaid. 6 choice 
big flowchnR glads; all differt-ntcolors. 1 Fire Red; 
1 Salmon OranRc; 1 Gorgeous V ellow; I Cream 
White; 1 Rose Hink; 1 BeauUful Lavender. Areal 
60c value anywhere. Our pr<c«on/viOc postpaid. 
Order from this ad — stamps or coin. (18) 

Big Bargain Catalog tRF.E 

R. M. KELLOGG CO.. Box Wis Thrto RiTtn, Mick. 




Latest style. 



Latest mesh 

bracele t , and 

beauti f II 1 r ihbon 

■ trap. Sell 30 pkts. 

Wkc table Ai flower seeds 

! pkt.. remit per plan in 

our cataloK. We trust you. 

Co.. Dept- C-23 Lancaater. Pa. 




was exactly that of Aunt Susie's Shoe 
Fly pie, underneath the solid covering 
of fat pecan meats. The half century 
old recipe carries this footnote "Eat 
when hungry or when you have com- 
pany." I could feign hunger or act 
make believe company any day for a 
pecan pie. 

Pecan Pie 

Two egg yolks well beaten with 1 
cup New Orleans molasses and IV^ 
cups boiling water in which 1 V^ tea- 
spoon soda has been dissolved. Before 
pouring this into two pie crust 
covered tins, mix the crumb filling 
made from V* cup shortening, 1 cup 
brown sugar, 1 cup flour, 1 teaspoon 
cinnamon and if you like a lot of 
seasoning add % teaspoon each of 
nutmeg, cloves, ginger and salt. Add 
the salt anyway. Divide into equal 
parts and sprinkle over the liquid 
which has been poured into the crusts. 
Cover the top with pecan meats and 
bake in a rather hot oven until well 
browned. Delicious, yum, yum! 

Qarden Notes 

Along with snowy days and the full 
pack of the R. F. D. man, the annual 
seed catalog arrives, and when eve- 
ning comes we snuggle down before 
the log fire and take a peek at the 
new bargains for 1932 gardners! At 
a later date, we reach the pencil and 
paper stage and make out the order 
blank. In 1931 everything grew and 
then grew some more. Here in the 
rather Northern climate our floweri^ 
bloomed themselves asleep, for Jack 
Frost never did come until almost 
Christmas day. This encourages us to 
be a bit braver and extend our flowef 
and vegetable plots to larger and 
more colorful blooms. 



^—^ berries for a 

cuitomer. Wa 

want every eaa- 

tomcr to bo our 

frleod. Lot's <ret started. Wa 

baT* a berry t>ook for you that 

may proro Interesting and help- 

ful. No charge. No obligation. 

AMrtts The W. F. Allen Co. 

52 EverrM" <(«••• S«li*burr. Md. 


Chock- fuU of low prices on the rjf^^.^^ 
ano«t seeds for farm and itarden, ^^ J^*^? 
also helpful hiiit^ for early crops n^^ a r T F W 
.n.l hlehest yield. Sent f ree- UC^LLW J 
WM. HENRT MiULE, 489 Hisk BIdf., PMaWiha. Pa. 

Naturally, we are wondering just 
what avenue might be opened for 
extra money this year. Have you 
thought of vegetables and garden 
produce? There is always a certain 
demand for fine onion sets (that 
won't grow until they reach the 
ground), pop corn, special bulbs, a 
mint bed or a plot of shrubbery 
through which your friends may walk 
and ask if you would sell this or that 
one? Look over the catalogs, study 
them with this in mind. These firms 
are delighted to give you every pos- 
sible help and do not hesitate to send 
for every one you see in Everybodys. 
You might have a handsome income 
from February planning and extra 
work, of course. 



net profit 



Sell Broilers 

every wee^ m ^^at 


Fr«« Engineerinc 


Oar EnsTnrar* will plaa 
yuur requir«ri<anta for 
yuu— r«i*o[nm«nd juat (h« 
rtffbt aystrm and i*aparltr 
for yuur particular ne«<is. 
Cuuntleiia biiyrra hav* 
found thia aarvlc* juaC 

what they wantvu. 
for dataila. 


Constructed of Galvanized Steel Thruout is a 
sure profit-maker — capacity 125 finislied broilers 
per week. You don't have to quit your other work 
to go into the poultry business with a BROW ER 
outfit. Better broilers mean more than market 
prices. Year 'round business. 

C^pacM^/ can be increased 

Many styles to select from— Oil, Gas, Electric, 
Coal antl Hot Water models. Made to fit the 
needs of every poultryman or broiler producer. 
Capacity ranging from KJO chicks up. Regardless 
what your n-quirements are— Brower has juit the 
system to fit your individual needs. Largest and 
most complete line of Batt(r>' Brooders to select 

ask for Free HBl Battery Brtxxier catalog. Give 
capacity of plant wanted and our Engineering 
Dept. will gladly assist in planning your require- 
ments. No charge or obligation— this service is 







Genera/ PUUUHY Supplies 

If interested in General Poultry 
Supplies, write for new No. J7 
1932—100 page catalog showing 
the largrst ancf most complete line 
In the world (over 425 items.) 
Brower Mfg. Co., Dept. S93S 
Quincy, Illinois 






MaKe Mone^arHon}^ 

B^ \y Earn up to $25 a week or more, KrowlrK 
■^ X U. Mushrooms in your cellar or sheil. Big de- 
t C- $ I* tnaiid. Very Interesting — we teU you bow. 
XkaMUii Illustrated hook and details free. ^ - . 

American Muihroom InduitHei. Oept. 847. Toronto, Ont. 

In that Garden Record Book, do 
you have pages for Do's and Don'ts? 
I have several items to note in mine. 
When the celery was brought from 
the house cellar for Christmas dinner, 
imagine our surprise to find that 
stems measuring as much as 18 inches 
had grown since the storing date back 
in November. Stalks that were short 
and bunchy had been trimmed down 
and a whole center had sprung from 

Oag* PROFITS In rai»i"tr OJINCHILLA and 
Bib NEW ZF.ALAKD WHm: fur rabbits FOR 
US on contract backed by eik'htcn yari of s^fvjce 
■•(•^^f > VC for you by raising iin animal tnat 
f ffl#rff f ^ produce324yount{ yearly. for which 

we PAY YOU $1.00 TO $6.50 EACH 

Unr. iilo.trmt«l book. ci.l..« "''j""^*-;;''," 7" jf^,^'^ 



Better Paying Varii'ties at 

Sew Lntver Prices. 

TtwisaJ* 20tk CealVT Caialac 

, Fully illui>»rate» in coloi-a, 

land truthfully d««cribe« 

J tha most up-to-date Tarle- 

Ftles. Strawherii.-a, K«ipb«r- 

ir rie», Blackberriod, Oiap«i. 

'etc. Tht!iTalual>le Book IiFrks 

^, _ -SPECIAL OFKEU-Send tha 

nameaof ais small fruit (frowHrs and we will '"»'' J"'* 
co.p.on for il no worth nf pUntf with y-''"- ""f order, 
t" W. TOWNSIND * SOUS. 30 VI«o »l., S.ll«»«nr. •»*• 




Master Bred 

working as the weeds do not grow 
after that date. 

Lettuce is the first spring green 
next to the dandelion, for us. Last 
fall the fully matured seed fell in a 
heavy coating over the beds so that 
already the warmest days shows up 
the tiny leaves growing under the 
snow. Our first spring variety is May 
king, then New York and Big Boston 
for the fall planting. There are likely 
some new kinds this year, I haven't 
opened up my catalogs as yet, but 
shall have that pleasure before you 
read this. 

the heart. Only ordinary watering, 

mainly about the roots, no sunlight 

and little light made it ideal for this 

marvelous growth. To those of us 

who do fruit and vegetable trucking 

jl '4«#ll I QArny vmjl ^^^ ^^^° ^^^ winter, this comes as a 

'j^^^y''~"t*l'J^^J.^*L new avenue for a saleable product. 

*OlCl I/l VlDCNDS Celery hearts bunched in seven 

Missouri Poultry Farms is America's oldest, bunches brings 35c, and not so fine 

largest breeders' hatcherj' — an organization or of the delicate flavor. Of course, 

of specialty breeders supplying you through there is nothing but the cream 

one large plant, thereby lowering cost per colored leaves, and the stem is fairly 

chick to a fraction of what the chicks must transparent. For this we used a self 

brmg when sold by the same type of specialty ,, T. • . j .1 . 

breeder operating alone, bearing aU of the bleaching variety and they were set 

costs of a first class plant alone. Consider on a perfectly flat bed six inches each 

these facts: way, so they required almost no 

1. Drumm's Master Bred Chicks are SIRED BY . 



^'^^^^'J::^SI^I'^-:^':^^!:SS, Poultry Keeping in Washington's Day 

experience produces a class of chicks equalled only by 

the leading specialty breeders whose small production Continued from poyc 60 

makes it imperative that they 

•sk higher prices. ^^^^^^&^^ of all kinds of poultry. This situation 
iimiiirf" 11I11 |i I was universal in the Colonies, but 

1 !)-/^kKlDER to rnake money, y^ ■ infrequent in Europe. It operated to 

I CO^' .35 anything ^«* ^ ii at 1 make poultry and eggs common ar- 
il can't afford wr^^.^^^^^^ you ^^^^^^j^ji ■ ticles of diet here, whereas generally 
1 Master Bre^^'taffor* top ^i^ ^ Europe the common people got 

\ Sc^r^- ic as^^- f;:cS?^'trc';t I very little of them. 

lVp»y*«»;;,°''a business profi;^^^^ 1 To the general practice of adjust- 

\1 bars yot|^^^^ ^cl^ under yo »| fif li ^"^ poultry keeping to home require- 

n ^''^ * * -- _^ qEY CK^"^^ |\ ments there was one conspicuous 

1 \HVEST\6^»*vri .* pROMP^L^ 1 exception. From shortly after the first 

1 roVlPOM BRW^^ *^ j^, the anny of I settlement of Rhode Island the 

1 There must be V^J?" businesses^ ^ ^^^ I farmers in the vicinity of Little 

I moncy-makinK ^5. by these ^^^ ^^^i»c- 1 Compton began to grow poultry on a 

II cS ^^^^'^if/^S/'"''*''*^'* commercial scale, that is all they 

M tioD. Matl^"^ ^VfmVnirtRfT ^^^^^> building substantial and quite 

1 u\ssoort P*'^^^ ^"^ wS^^^WSM ^^^S^ stone houses (one of which is 

1 Box 120 cotow* *** ^ ^'WWW'^PI shown in an accompanying ilustra- 

1 ^_^^^^^^^^^^ 'HHP^ ^ tion) for that purpose. The original 

p~*""^^^---- — "—""" — ^^^^^— n idea was to ship poultry and eggs to 

B^^^ oSbiafM^' England, but in early times the sur- 

• Send your free catalog. I plus was sold chiefly in the West 

I Nattu I Indies. 

I Addreu I _. ^ . » 

I ] Two Centuries Ago 

"~ "~" It was stated in the opening para 

the first. The majority of people in 
American towns have preferred to 
make gardens and keep a few 
chickens as long as circumstances 
would permit. 

Wlllvlllj Lav More Eo'os 

Compare Ferris Best Egg Strain chicks with 
any other breed or any strain of White Leg- 
horns—if the Ferris chicks don't outlay the 
Others, we will refund part of your money. 
Now you can prove at our ex- 
pense that Ferris White Leg- 
horn chicks are best. You will 
get the same heavy eag prodoction 
that W9 do at the bif National E^ 
Conteata, for your cnickg too, wul 
have the benefit of our 81 years' 
experience with cul)iii|r, trapneat- 
inir and p<><)iKree breeding to make 
them better. ... A postcard, 
letter, or the coupon below will brins 
full partirulars, and bantain prices on 
any number yoo want from 2S to 10,000. 

GM.B. Ferris. 921 Union. Grand Rapids. Mich. 

Mr. Ferris: — Send nne your ratalotr and special sale 
boUetio and quote m« lowest price oo the following : 

No. Chiek^ 

. .Date wanUd. 


graph that when Washington was 
born the population of the country 
was practically all rural, that is living 
on farms or in towns of less than 
8,000 inhabitants, the approximate 
number which it appears is the maxi- 
mum population able to continue as 
a whole a rural mode of life, families 
generally making their own gardens, 
keeping their own poultry, a pig or 
two, and perhaps a cow. 

There are no definite figures of 
population until the first census 
taken in 1790. From figures of that 
census and the rate of increase in 
population of American cities given 
by Adam Smith in his economic 
studies it would appear that in 1732 
Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Bal- 
timore, and possibly Providence, in 
the English Colonies, and New 
Orleans in the French possessions, 
were the only towns in North 
America whose population was a large 
enough fraction of 8,000 to begin to 
have an element in a position to break 
away from the practices of gardening 
and poultry keeping for home use, 
and disposed to do so. The latter 
point is perhaps more important than 

The Beginnings of Commercial 
Poultry Culture 

It was within Washington's time 
that the half-dozen large towns in 
America grew out of rural conditions 
and arrived at the stage where each 
became an active agency for the 
promotion of specialization in the 
production of perishable farm pro- 
duce. In the three largest northern 
cities the population increased very 
rapidly, and the demand for fresh 
foods of all kinds grew accordingly. 
Under the conditions of production 
and transportation specialization on 
anything like the scale developed in 
the corresponding period of the next 
century was impossible, yet for the 
time and with relation to previous 
conditions, the grrowth of poultry 
culture was quite as notable as at 
any later period. In all the areas 
which could send perishable provis- 
ions to these markets by water or 
wagon farmers began to produce such 
things in excess of their own re- 
quirements, and to make more fre- 
quent and more regular trips to the 
cities with their produce, once largely 
limited to coarser, non-perishable 
produce, hay, grain, wood, cured beef 
and pork, winter Vegetables, etc. 

Philadelphia America's First City and 

Until toward the end of the 18th 
century Philadelphia was the largest 
city in America and the chief seat of 
wealth and culture. In the latter half 
of Washington's time New York was 
steadily forging ahead. At the first 
census in 1790 New York's popula- 
tion was 49,401 to Philadelphia's 
28,522 and Boston's 18,320, yet at 
this period both of the other cities 
appear to have had more influence on 
farming in their contiguous areas, 
and on poultry culture as a branch of 
farming. Also to the visitors from 
England and the Continent of 





Europe, whose accounts of the coun- | 
try are our principal sources of 
information about conditions in this 
period, Philadelphia and Boston 
seemed to have more of the character 
of market towns for large farm areas 
around them, while New York seemed 
not so intimately linked with the 
country around it. 

Such impressions may well be at- 
tributed to the differences in the 
attitude of the people of the severial 
cities toward their steadily increasing 
dependence upon the farmers around 
them for food. The Philadelphians 
had a large central market with room 
for farmers who came to the city 
twice weekly as well as for the 
butchers whose stalls were used daily. 
On such information as I have, it 
appears that neither of the other 
cities provided indoor space beyond 
the requirements of the city butchers. 
This is still done in the Philadelphia 
market, though only a small part of 
the city's provisions pass through it. 
In Boston both the citizens and the 
farmers preferred the house to house 
distribution of country produce. No 
permanent market was established 
until Faneuil Hall was built in 1742, 
and it was not until the next century 
that it reached a development com- 
parable with the market at Philadel- 
phia in its relation to the general 
distribution of provisions. 

New York from the first favored 
the establishment of local market 
houses. Of these it had six when 
Washington was born. Nine others 
were established in his time. The 
Washington Market designed to be a 
large central market, and the prin- 
cipal market of the city since it was 
established, was not erected until 
1812. From the number of markets in 
New York and the steady additions 
as the population increased, it is to 
be inferred that distribution of farm 
produce from house to house was 
little practiced. An obvious reason for 
this is that only from the north and a 
comparatively small area could pro- 
visions come into the city by wagon. 
The mass of provision of all sorts had 
to come by water. Farmers along the 
Hudson, and for long distances along 
the Jersey, Long Island and Connecti- 
cut shores could use boats to reach 
the city, but when there could sell to 
housewives only as they came to the 
markets at the landing places. The 
situation tended to the advantage of 
the regular holders of market space, 
who were often able to make their 
own terms for produce the farmers 
were not able to distribute and then 
make higher prices to consumers 
than the farmers would have made. 
Thus at their beginnings the physical 
conditions affecting the distribution 
of country produce in the three lead- 
ing markets were responsible for 
market conditions and practices 
. which have had much to do with later 

The early settlers in the various 
colonies brought with them seed 





vthen you can buy 
our famous blood- 


tested Breeds at the same price or even less? 

FOUR departments of the U. S. Gov't, and thousands of satisfied customers 
have purchased our chicks. Our chicks all from the famous Tancred, 
Wyckoff, Fishel, Thompson, Holterman, and other finest bloodlines. You can 
lind nothing better to start or rebuild a profitable flock, nothing better for 
even broilers, because these world famous breeds grow larger, mature 
quicker, and lay better. Our guarantee is behind every chick shipped. Our 
enormous capacity makes these low prices possible. Order direct from this 
ad or write today for our big FREE Color Plate Book full of valuable in- 
formation every poultry raiser should have . Also lea rn about our guarantee 
to live offer. "^" "'" 

PEICES PREPAID — Feb., Mch. Delivery 
S. C. Wh., Br., Bf., Leghorns, Anconas . . 


"^fdb 500 

$6.75 $33.50 
7.75 38.50 

9.00 45.00 

G rade | 

100 500 
$ 7.50 $37.50 
9.00 45.00 

10.00 50.00 

12.00 58.00 

Bid., Wh.' Rocks, S. C. R. I. Reds 
Bf. Rocks, Wh. & Bf. Orps., 
Wh., Col., S. L. Wyandottes 
S. 0. Wh., Buff, Blk. Minorcas 
Jersey Black Giants, Dark Cornlsb 

Assorted, No Cripples 

MijKedj_Heayy Breeds 

100% prepaid delivery to any point East of the Rocky Mountains 









DARKS: 1-3 4-5 cock; 
1-3-4 5 hen; 1-2-3-4-5 
cockerel; 1-2-3-4 pullet; 
1 old pen; 1 young pen. 
LIGHTS: 1-2-3-4 cock; 
1-2-3 hen; 1-2-3-4-5 
cockerel: 1-2-3 pullet; 1 
old pen; 1 young pen. 


'Lady Beautiful' 

have won BEST DISPLAY 

at Madison Square Garden 


1927—1928 — 1929 — 1930—1931 

Our stock is the best we have seen it in all our 
years breeding. We can furnish you with birds 
good enough to win in any showroom, or breeding 
stock that will give you the best of blood to 
inbreed, or to start out fresh. Now is the time 
to get fresh blood. Get the best. 

Catalog and prices sent free to prospective purchasers. 


The Standard of Perfection 

Indispensable To All Breeders And 
Judges of Standard-Bred Poultry 

Published by the American Poultry AssociaUon and the only rec- 
ognized authority. Followed by aU judges in all poultry shows in 
the U. S. and Canada and by all successful breeders. Describes the 
requirements for shape and color of every secUon of every variety 
of Standard-bred fowls, turkeys, ducks, geese and bantams. 
Mor* Than 200 Illustrations el Perfect (or Standard) 
SpMiman*. Parloct and Datoctlve S«ctlens, leathers. Etc. 
Contains Instructions to Judges: complete list of disauallflcallorw: 15- 
page glossary of technical terms with 41 drawings of Pfr/£"»°? defective 
crVral)!: backs, tails, color patterns, etc.; dlscounta tor defect*, etc^ Studj 
this book and know the quality and value of your fowls. 600 pages. 
Postpaid, In cloth 32. 50: leather, $3.50. Address 

LatMt Rtvlsotf 



Box 286 

Hanover, Pa. 


FREE CHICKS— LIBERAL GUARANTEES. For raaiiy years we hayc hnmght tha 
best poultry l)loo<l-lliies t<«eUuT in our flo<*A IliKh ege pruducUon and Tleorou* heaiiny 
birds arc the result. All ■war mat lues have ix^litrrepd males. ^ 

OUR CHICKS GROW AND MAKE GOOD— Tliousiuids of customers who order year 
after y.-ar testify to t>'o .i-ialiiy of Athens hatched «t.K'k -,,.««.,. r.ot our 

10 FREE CHICKS per 100 on early orders. Llheral l'7»WJ"y Pi«'*"'*«-,j^'* ^l 
fl«. catlla- and meratu'e. We have "e chUks for those who Insl* o« 1"« Priee*. \W 

X 'h^ever.'"th.l you huy ehiek. of he* 'l"'^''^;,,]?;!^ XnTt^lelVr;; r.,"^rnnte L 
pav tvttpr in the lone nm. We enter vrri free in ^"'^■T Jrlbuno ( mrt! ■ .ne , n i 





Sold Under New 
Double Guarantee 

1100% Uvabillty 
• guarautetHi for first two weeks 

2 Must Pay Better 
• thau chii-ks iiunhased elsewhero 

Lord Farms Grade-A Chicks 
are the safest and most profit- 
able poultry investment you can 
make. Pi-oduced on our own 380- 
acre farms from our own strain. 

1932 Year Book FREE 

Our Year Book has been entirely re- 
written and illustrated with fresh 
views taken on our own plant. It 
explains why and how Lord Farms 
Chicks will make more clear money for 
you than any others you can buy. 
Gives many practical suKgestions based 
on long experience. Write for your 
copy — FREE if you live East of the 
Mississippi River. 

63 Forest Road 
Methuen, Mass. 




Go into chick raising in & 
big way this season — big 
prnduction — big eugs — big 
birds — big profits. Prospects 
look bright for poultry peo- 
ple — let nothing stoj) you — 
forge right ahead — lay a 
solid foundation — buy 

America's Greatest Laying Strain 

of Harrcd Plymouth Rocks. Carefully 
selected, trapnested and pedigreed for 
eggs and standard q\ialities since 1SH9. 
Customers report 3.")? eggs in one year 
— 14H eggs in llrt days — pullets laying 
at 90 davs — profits up to 8.09 per hen 
— flock averages of 200 to 271. Every 
chick and egg backed by many genera- 
tions of 200 to :JO0 egg breeding. 
PARKS STR.\IN customers protected 
by U. S. Registered trademark. Don't 
buy until you have read Parks' Free 

Box E Altoona, Pa. 

White Minorca 

Lays great big pure white eggs 30 
ounces to the dozen as compared to peo 
wee 24 ounce Leghorn eggs. At the 
end of laying season you have a 7 to 8 
pound hen to market. Strong, vigorous, 
hardy White Minorca Chicks. Every- 
body is raising them. Change over from 
Leghorns. Famous Booth Strain, hatched 
from 2 and 3 year old breeders. Send 
for full information. 


Route K176 Tyrone, Penna. 


We won IS Flrjrt Prizes out of the 19 pos- 
sible at Oluo and New York Suta Fairs. 
1931. Ke*l Quality. Digt-ase Krev. Large 
Type, Heavy Layers, Largo EcKs. Reason- 
at)ly priued. Catalogue Irve. Sherman 
Bowden & Son, Box I95T, Manifleld, Ohio 





ericas anywttare for qualtty offarod. Lcsdinv 
breeds. Exs prodoctioD of oar cnstomer*' Socks ■■ 
tbebestproorotUMl«7<OEgiiatit7af oar stock. Sea 
tbrir lettsra to oor estaloe. Prompt sarrie* and ssfa 
deli»«r» snyvtiere. Spacisi prtea* on t*rn 
order*. Bstchins •««, jnillets in season. Wrtto 
now lor rRCC CATALOQ. Brooders at cost. 
Baa Q-262 rCXiCO, MO. 

stocks of the poultry of the countries 
and districts from which they came. 
As a rule it was of the stocks in 
common use, though there is one 
record of fowls of high breeding, and 
it is entirely probable others were 
brought. The conditions however were 
not encouraging to breeding pure 
races of poultry. On information ob- 
tainable and knowledge of the so- 
called old "native" fowls, it may be 
said that the stocks of fowls brought 
here were mainly of the old south of 
England stocks from which our Ply- 
mouth Rocks and the English Sussex 
and Dorkings were derived, and of 
Old English Pit Games. It does not 
appear that the south of England 
stock was maintained in any semb- 
lance to its original type anywhere 
except in south-eastern New England. 
Nor is it at all sure that it was con- 
tinuously preserved there, for it could 
have been recovered from a degener- 
ate type by breeders in later days. 

On the whole it is reasonable to 
assume that in Washington's time 
most of the poultry in America would 
now be called scrub poultry. The only 
known instance of the existence of 
something better is furnished by a 
gazeteer, "View of the United States 
of America," published in 1796, 
where mention is made of New 
Hampshire as producing a great deal 
of poultry, and it is said — "In some 
of the lower towns they have a large 
breed of dunghill fowls, which were 
exported from England about 20 
years past; but this breed is permitted 
to mix with the common sort, by 
which means it will in time de- 

This statement probably refers to 
the Shackbag, or "Duke of Leeds 
Breed," which was quite well known 
in England prior to and for some 
years following the American Revolu- 
tion, but died out after the introduc- 
tion of Asiatic fowls. 

American Commerce and Poultry 

Quickly after independence had 
been secured the American people 
began the depelopment of manufac- 
turing and commerce which while 
they were subject to Great Britain 
had been suppressed. Within a few 
years of the end of the war American 
ships were trading in China, and 
bringing here Chinese swine, geese 
and fowls. In 1788 Gouverneur Mor- 
ris of New York, presented to Wash- 
ington some Chinese hogs and geese. 
The record of this is the earliest case 
of a breed of poultry here under the 
name by which it is now knovvm. The 
color of these Chinese Geese is not 
mentioned, but they are supposed to 
have been white. 

Later authentic references to the 
origin of the Bucks County Fowls 
indicate that they were made between 
1790 and 1800 from a mixture of 
Asiatic fowls with native stock. It is 
significant that this was done in the 



The opportunity of a lifetime 
to stock the reading table 
with your favorite magazines 
at a price that may never 
come again. 

No. 619 
Everybodys Poultry Mag., 2 yrs. 

Needlecraft, 2 yrs. 

Home Circle, 1 yr. 

Illustrated Mechanics, 1 yr. 

Good Stories, 1 yr. 

The Country Uome, 1 yr. 

•U for $1.00 

No. 621 
Everybodys Poultry Mag., 2 yrs. 
Woman's World, 1 yr. 
lIou.seh(ild Magazine, 1 yr. 
Good Stories, 1 yr. 
Home Circle, 1 yr. 

•11 for $ 1 aOO 

No. 622 
Everybodys Poultry Mag., 2 yrs. 
Needlecraft. '1 yrs. 
Womun's World, 1 yr. 
Home Friend, 1 yr. 
Illustrated Mechanics, I yr. 

•11 for $ 1 aOO 

No. 626 
Everybodys Poultry Mag., 2 yrs. 
I'athlindir (Wkly) 1 yr. 
Woman's World, 1 yr. 
Good Stories, 1 yr. 

•U for $1*25 

No. 631 
Everybodys Poultry Mag., 2 yrs. 
McCall's Masrazine, 1 yr. 
Hetter Homes & Gardens, 1 yr. 
Household Magazine, 1 yr. 
The Farm Journal, 1 yr. 

■n far $l.SO 

makellj^lfomOmiQub ^ 

2 YEARS and choice of any four (1) 
magazines fl.OO. 













Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
Box 286, Hanover, Pa. 

r.cntlemen: I enclose $ Pleaae 

start Club No oomlng to the 

address boJow at once. Mine Is a D new 
n renewal Q to be eilended wibscrlptlon. 
(NtrrE: We will extend the »iit«crl;ition of 
any present subscriber who wants to Uke 
advantage of these exceptional ofTers). 

n I hare selected my own club and encloSA 
list of magazines I htre checked. 




I ' 

February in Poultry History 

Continued from page 85 

of the next year, are going to fall 
short in proportion to expenses. This 
calls for matings in December at 
latest. Consider this fact in its rela- 
tion to the problem of bringing the 
much sought Standard-Production 
combination about. For something 
like 10 years that has been discussed 
on the supposition that it depended 
upon bringing into use a system of 
50-50 judging of birds. Efforts to 
develop and apply such a system have 
made little progress. 

The commercial cycle cannot be 
changed to fit into a system of winter 
shows and the breeding and advertis- 
ing conditions associated with it. I 
often wonder whether the apparently 
greater degree of stability in the 
poultry industry in England com- 
pared with that in America is not 
well accounted for by the fact that 
their two great poultry shows, con- 
cluding each annual show season, are 
held before winter, one in October, 
the other about the middle of 


Continued from page 78 
notch; take off your coat and go get 
business, first being sure that your 
product is one of real merit, next that 
you have it priced right, in line with 
existing values, and then advertise it, 
talk about it, write about it, more 
intensively than you ever did before. 
Use the poultry journals, the farm 
papers, the metropolitan press. Use the 
radio, the roadside signs, attractive 
circulars and catalogs, and talk about 
some real economic merit which your 
product has. If it is baby chicks, it 
may be freedom from disease, it may 
be heavy egg production backed by 
proven facts of official records of per- 
formance and contest records. It may 
be size of parent stock or size of egg 
or any one of many factors which 
make for efficiency and profitableness 
of the product in the hands of your 
customer. Give your customers real 
service. That should be a part of any 
selling program. Make them feel that 
their interest is your interest, that 
your success is their success. 

This spring is no time to throw up 
your hands and quit. It is just the time 
to clench your fists and fight. 


area supplying the Philadelphia mar- 
ket, then the best in the country. It 
is altogether likely that Asiatic fowls 
were brought to both New York and 
Boston in the same period and dis- 
tributed in their vicinity. In neither 
place did the conditions of marketing 
poultry at the time operate for the 
prompt use of large Asiatic fowls to 
make better table poultry. Philadel- 
phia only provided the general con- 
tacts of producers and consumers 
which could arouse active interest in 
the improvement of poultry. 



, ?WWii* 


lu 19;tl Egg Contests Roselawn 
birds won 72 Awards, Cups and 
Ribbons for High Egg Production. 
Highest Leghorn Pen at Maine. 
Our Illinois Pen broke the 10- 
year old winter laying record for 
December of all hroeds. Georgia 
Pen 2474 Eggs in 51 weeks led 
by High Hen of 280 Eggs — 297 
)>oints fir 49 weeks. 313.5 points 
for complete year. 

s.c. White Leghorns 

Greatest Money Making Strain of 
Chickens in the World Today 

Wo import Pedigreed Breeding Stock direct from 
Tom Barron's Best Official Contest Winning Hens 
every year — 292 to 3U5 Oflii'ial Records. 
This Season Get Your Chicks from Roselawn 
A Real Trapnest-Pedigree Breeding Farm 

We trapnest 3(i5 days a year and devote all our 
time to improving this one great strain. Our 
matings this year are the finest we have ever had — 
big lopcomb hens of the finest Barron English type, 
many with High Official Records. No strain in the U. 
S. can show better flock averages or biggeV profits 
than Roselawn — 200 to 268 eggs reported by cus- 
tomers the past year. 

Special Discounts This Month of 
3c Per Chick — 2c Per Egg 

We aro olTerins the aliove disoounts fur onlern placed before 
Feb. 2Sth. Delivery will be nitule any date you want during 
Krliruary, March, April or May. SatUfartiun gaaranteed. 
Send for aur Catalog. It's Free. Take advantage uf this month's 
Hpeclal money bavliie dlsomint by gendlng for our catalog and 
price list now. Write ii9 Uiday. 


H. M. Tibbals & Son, Owners tt Managers 
Route lOE Dayton, Ohio 





From the Cream of the World's Best Egg Bred Stock 

Kverv one of our Breeding Males this season from* Pedigreed Stock up to 319 egg 
1. reeding, and from a flock that has been blood tested f«r eight years. PriCSS very 
reasonable and a very special proposition for early booking of orders. 


GET OUR BEAUTIFUL FREE CATALOGUE. Its an guod as a visit to Mir ^a™: 
describing our farm and stock, and giving full page views of our buildings, describing 
our stock and quoting i)riips on our World Famous Tancred Stock. 

Don't keep "those little Leghorns" — get some of the Tancred Heavy Layers, 
Heavy Weighers, Profit Payers for 1932. 



c a 


IF YOU ORDER NOW — for our healthy 
large type Tancred White Leghorn Chicks. 
Grade A quality. Develop early into heavy 
layers of large white eggs. All parent stock 
free range. 

TEN CENTS A CHICK in lots of 100 to 
500; over 500 9c a chick, if you order now. 
10 '/c of purchase price books order for 
delivery on any future date. Remember — 
one grade, one quality, and one variety. 
Oh! What Chick Value. 

Order direct from this ad. 
Xo quality to com parr with thcHC chicks at such itriccs. 


^^B^^^^^^f^ At Honesdale, Pa. and Batavia, New York Chick Show last year. At 
WERE GKANU Michigan State College Show they won sweepstake in Barred Rock, and 
^U /a m«Bff#\MC Rhode Island Red Chicks. WHY? Because we know how to produce 
dIAMFlllni9 pood chicks. Our chicks come from flocks that have been carefu Uy 
culled for Egg Production and Standard Quality by noultrymen with many years 
experience, plus training at Cornell and Ohio State Universities. Our clucks are 
Ohio Accredited and from flocks blood-tested for B. W. D. On our own farai we 
are trapnesting 500 Big Type B.irron White Leghorns under Ohio Record of Per- 
formance. Big Free Catalog tells all about our chicks. Write for it today. — 

LANCASTER FARMS HATCHERY Route 1 4 Lancaster, Ohi» 




another SIMPLEX 

se the poultry world. 

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' saving 70% operat- 

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chicks, in tro- 

duces 3 great new 


Thousands of poultry raisers and hatchery men 
know SIMPLEX, and how for 21 years it has been 
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Know about this new and greater standard of 
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Dept.7302 Grand Rapids, Mich. 


■ Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Please send me, at once, as checked 

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O Simplex 30 Day Trial Guarantee Offer 
O Book on Succeuful Poultnr Raiiinc 
O Simplex Improved Brooder House Plans 
O Name of Ncareit Simplex Dealer 




The Premier Hatchers of Hen, Duck, Tur- 
key, Pheasant and Quail. Turning trays lur 
all sized eggs. Capacities 208 to 1440 hen 
egg.s. Our Battery Broiler Brooders are great 
for Pullet rearing. 

Write today for Catalog! 

10 Bradley St. Buflalo, N. Y. 


■ivbIx* Tour Birds 
last Ryrmr Prasaat 


Resemble cIoUe<I blood and after plckinK these medi- 
cated sticks any pullet or diio* will positively shy 
from Irritated BeM\ or blo<jd. Satisfaction guarantMd. 
One Rod Head Pick Sti(* for eaiii S'l Mrds should 
be hung in your pouluy house for satisfactory results. 

One Red Head Pick Stick sent prepaid $ .35 

Throe Red Head Pick Sticks sent prepaid 1.00 

Quantity Discount to Dealer*— Manuracturcd by 
L. F. LANG Box 772 BUTLER. PA. 


"Keep the Intake from the Output" 

Continued from paye 65 

chicks cannot get their feet in them 
also help in keeping the intake from 
becoming contaminated by the out- 
put. (See illustration) 

Perhaps clean ground is not con- 
venient upon which to brood the 
chicks ; then use a porch with a three- 
quarter inch mesh wire floor or cover 
the ground with three or four inches 
of soft coal cinders or screened 
gravel. That keeps them away from 
the contaminated soil. Peat litter or 
shavings keep them off the cold floor. 

Sanitary Hatcheries 

Many hatcheries are taking extra- 
ordinary precautions to insure the 
delivery of healthy chicks to their 
customers. They clean and scrub their 
incubators with disinfectant solution. 
Some go still further and disinfect 
the hatching eggs before placing them 
in the incubators. All of these things 
are for the protection of their cus- 

It might be well to carefully con- 
sider the sanitary practices of the 
hatchery where you buy your chicks. 
Clean chicks come from clean 

Buy Good Chicks 

One thing to remember is this. All 
a hatchery can be expected to do is 
to furnish well bred, healthy chicks. 
The responsibility for their welfare 

rests entirely upon the care they 
receive from the purchaser. In the 
long run the best chicks are the 
cheapest, although they may cost 
more at first. The first cost of a chick 
has little to do with the net profit 
you can make. An extra five cents per 
chick means very little. Assuming that 
half of them are pullets and putting 
all the extra expense on the pullets, 
this means but 10c extra on each 
pullet. She only has to lay a couple of 
extra eggs to pay that back, and she 
has a whole year to do it in. Or figure 
it this way; five cents extra means 
$5.00 on a hundred chicks. The extra 
mortality of a few chicks, a few extra 
culls, plus the feed wasted which they 
consumed, and away goes the money 
you thought you were saving. 

Buy good chicks from a good, 
clean, sanitary hatchery. Provide 
them with clean quarters, proper 
mash hoppers, and water fountains, 
and plenty of them. Keep them warm 
with a good brooder stove. Don't 
brood over 300 chicks in one lot 
around one stove, regardless of the 
size of the stove or brooder house. 
Feed them a good, advertised com- 
mercial feed. They are so cheap that 
you cannot afford to mix one your- 
self. You \y\\\ be off to a good start 
and that's half the battle in raising 
chicks. The other half is keeping 
things clean. 

Righting Wrongs in Colony Brooding 

Continued from page 61 

elements. So, now, he is in the process 
of figuring out just the proper set-up 
for each colony room, and that is 
important for everyone to do. Set up 
each colony stove so that the draft 
will be right, carry the pipe out of the 
building as straight as possible, avoid- 
ing bends and twists, carry the smoke 
stack above the peak of the roof over- 
head, and protect the stove pipe with 
a rain-turning cap or hood. If the 
stove is properly set up, its regulation 
will usually be easy and reliable. 

Mistake No. 3. He started the 
stoves on the morning of tke day he 
had his chicks ready to go out under 
them, and he had not had them going 
long enough to be assured of their 
dependability and good running 
order. Then, this year he will start 
every colony brooder stove at least 
24 hours before the chicks are to be 
moved, and be sure that each stove 
has been operating evenly and de- 
pendably for at least 12 hours before 
entrusting the chicks to it. A little 
time, and a little coal used at the 
beginning may avoid just those losses 
which my friend suffered last year 
because his stoves did not get evenly 

Mistake No. 4. He had found in one 
case, after the chicks had been sub- 
jected to fitful and uneven tem- 
peratures for more than a week, that 
a minor part was broken and inter- 
fered with the efficiency of the ther- 
mostatic control, and in another the 
thermostat wafer was not in good 
order and was not controlling the 
heat supply accurately. Therefore, 
this season before each colony stove 
is started go over it very carefully 
and make sure that all parts are 
present and in good working order. 
Order new parts, if needed, before 
the season advances into the rush part 
of it. 

Mistake No. 5. In his anxiety to 
avoid chilling he did just the opposite, 
that is over-heated his chicks, and 
that is not hard to do. A thermometer, 
which has been tested and found to 
read accurately, should be hung from 
the edge of the colony brooder hover, 
so that the bulb is located just about 
1\^ in. from the litter level, and 
where the chicks will later be sitting. 
When the brooder thermometer stands 
evenly at about 85 degrees Fahren- 
heit the stove is ready for the chicks 
and is warm enough. After the chicks 



have been placed under the hover 
watch them and the thermometer also, 
but the chicks more than the ther- 
mometer. If the stove is properly 
adjusted it will be producing just 
enough heat so that the chicks find it 
most comfortable to lie out about a 
foot from the base of the stove itself 
and in a ring underneath the rim of 
the circular hover. The temperature 
should always be there so that chicks 
will learn to always go under the 
stove hover for heat. 

Mistake No. 6. He had also aggra- 
vated the heat proposition by failing 
to sufficiently ventilate his colony 
brooder houses last spring. He kept 
them too hot and stuffy. Chicks need 
fresh air and lots of it. The stoves use 
up oxygen from the air within the 
brooder room, naturally, and it must 
be supplied, if the fire is to burn 
normally. Chicks being brooded 
'neath the stove hover also need air 
constantly. The brooder room should 
be kept cool. The brooder stove will 
supply the heated area, but out away 
from it the air should be cool and 
fresh. Open the windows so that chicks 
are constantly supplied with fresh air 
and the general room temperature is 

Mistake No. 7. He set the brooders 
up in the respective pens after he had 
casually swept them out. He failed to 
give the chicks the break they deserve 
by insuring that the brooder room 
into which he moved them was sani- 
tary and clean at least at the begin- 
ning of the brood. He admitted that 
he deserved censure, for old hens had 
formerly occupied those same quar- 
ters. This week he started the practice 
of removing all old litter, dirt, dust, 
etc. — then flushing down the interior 
of the brooder room with a disin- 
fectant solution — then scrubbing the 
floor with a hot lye solution — allow- 
ing to dry before littering. He will 
repeat this operation between broods, 
for safety's sake. 

Mistake No. 8. This came out when 
I asked what sort of liter he had used 
and where he got it. He had paid little 
attention to that matter, using barn 
floor sweepings, and some broken 
litter left over from the littering of 
adult poultry houses. Old birds had 
had access to some of it, at least. He 
admitted that it wasn't fair to the 
chicks not to give them absolutely 
clean, new litter. This year he will do 
that. Use clean litter. Cut straw over 
an inch of coarse clean sand is hard 
to beat as a chick litter. He will 
clean the surface under the hover 
daily, removing droppings, and re- 
plenishing with a bit of fresh chopped 
straw. He will clean all the litter out 
at least once every three weeks, on 
general principles. He will not be 
stingy in the use of a disinfectant 
solution, kept on hand in a small hand 

Mistake No. 9. I asked if he would 
dare to drink water from the water 
basins or fountains which his chicks 



BUY Kerr Chicks for their vigorous health and livsbility — for their correct 
breeding and their close culling — for their rich laying inheritance. We carry 
on trap-nesting 365 days in the year. Many of the laying records are official, 
the birds being entered in the New Jersey Record of Performance. Chicks 
from blood-tested stock available. We have over 60,000 blood-tested breeders. 
Decide nov\^ to purchase chicks that carry the blood lines of famous Kerr layers 
with official records. Special discounts on early orders. Write for free Chick 
Book with price list and particulars. 

Kerr Chickeries# Inc* prenchtown, n. j. 

Paterson. N. J. 
Trenton, N. J. 
Camden, N. J. 
Toms River, N. J. 

Binghamton, N. Y. 
Middletown, N. Y. 
Schenectady, N. Y. 

E. Syracuse. N. Y. 
Lancaster, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 

Danbury, Conn. 

W. Springfield, Mass. 

Lowell, Mass. 

Stop Your Chick Losses 


Supply Pure Air and Even Heat 
with the MAGIC Brooder 

Special Gas Chamber gathers and dis- 
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zero weather. The safe 

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Used and recommended by 
leading hatcheries. 

Write for th* MAGIC 
Brooder Cataloi — Iro* 


315 Pennington Av»., Trenton, Now Jersey 




Instant Louse Killer 

laUs LICE 


L J 


Are Made By 


Newark - Wayne Co. - New York 
Let IJs Make Yours 

Samples On Request 

Coccidia Destroyed ]:^^z^ 

dia when the two come in contact. Keep your premises and uten- 
sils safe by frequently using it. Feed Iodine Suspensoid Merck 
before or during outbreaks of coccidiosis. 

MERCK & CO INC. Nf anu/octwring ChemisU. Rahway, N. J. 


Exacts f ] 


1 oultry L'acts 1. ree 

Remarkable Book Will 
be Sent to You Post Paid 

How to make more 
money out of 
poultry — that's 
the big question every 
poultryman is asking 
himself today. Now 
readers of this maga- 
zine can h a V e the 
answer by simply sendmg for the re- 
markable book shown here. Thousands 
who have read it have been cashmg-m 
handsomely ever since. It tells you 

about Harry M. Lamon. internationally famous 
^Surv export and his valuable methods for 
fccreasing^gg production, saving money on 
feed, cutting chick losses, culling out non^ 
layers raising broilers quickly, etc.. etc. Tells 
in Ibou? our National Employment Service. 
One of our students. J. L. Mosher. of Buffalo. 
N. Y.. started at |35 a week after t^nth Icb- 
bon. Another, Louis Baker, of Reynolds. N. C.. 
writes:"! secured a position at $45 per weeu 
Star completing 18th lesson." The book also 
Outlines a complete course of home-«tudy 
training which successful poultry men all csev 
ihe world are using today. \Ve give, you ab- 
solute proof that these methods qu»ckly in- 
crease V>oultry profits. Sending for the bo«>k 
merely indicates that you're interested n 
bettering your position as a P0">''^'""\;^"^ 
the slightest obligation on your part. Wr te 
us today for a free copy of ''H^w to Ra^e 
Poultry for Profit." National Poultry Insti- 
tute. Dept. 202-F. Washington. D. C. 


used. Never, emphatically. He should 
be willing to. It's a good test. Clean 
the water pans every day, scrubbing 
with disinfectant, and frequently 
scalding before refilling with clean 
fresh water or liquid sour milk. 

Mistake No. 10. He failed to pro- 
vide sufficient food hopper space in 
his colony houses, so that the chicks 
never did hate enough opportunity 
to eat as much food or as often as 
they would have liked to have done. 
Provide ample mash and grain hopper 
space from the beginning so that 
every chick may eat whenever it 
wishes to. 

Ten mistakes, and yet each one 
important! Anyone who has had ex- 
perience with colony brooders will 
understand how essential each step is 
in making up a successful brooding 
season. After the first week the chicks 
need more and more room, and out 
of doors if possible. Heat becomes 
less and less important, until they 
should be weaned from it, under aver- 
age conditions after about seven 
weeks. Colony brooding raises good 
chicks, if it is properly done. It is the 
best scheme for many to use. 

»> S. 0. WHITE 

Wilson's "BIG ENGUSH 

are pn.fltal.le. I'l'.llfrrecO Wr per strain. J P |o J 
lb*. Hloo.1 tested for your protection. Chicks $ 0.50 
per 100; $10.00 In 3 to 500 I.rt. r>ire His lups strain 
uapneste.! IJarred Rocks. l>or™s White Wv«.ul..tte . 
Tiimoklna S O BeiU. anJ Buff Rocks. All tcste^. 
IllSoIl^r 100: $IL0O in 3 to 500 lot. Will ship C. 
O I>. Clmilar fri-r. 

Poultry Prospects and 


Breed PR Royal squabs. neU rich trade. IUlM<l jn 

ell for double chicken pncea. 

I month. t*el 


U, turn penpU away. Am.-'— ~»— ~-«™- 
cceiiful wMk chttktnf 6« 
>/ tkrm. ' • Another : / O" 

k, had U, turn p»nvUav>ay.' A"."'J".^_si'i_, 

ahead of iXrm. " Another :■/ om •&M "£_ "J/'-i-, 

^ ^riU now t^K new frM bi« 64 p. bo-k. «'^'«^ 

foS eenu •tamp* for IW«U««. »~r» b»w to 

br««J and oroflt b» faat ^Ue plan. ^^ 

70 BREEDS •«« 4uch«.f-ure-bredjiiardy. 
hiKh au*llty and meet protitftbie. F*wl«.C|gt. 
ifaltw ChUk* aad Incubator* atnawlaw 

, SriS. AiSc'8 ««5tigant-«lnc. I8»3^>w 
large valuable Poultry book and c****"? ™£t:_ 

NEUBERT Co., Bn 885, MMUtt. Min. 



New Catalog now 
ready is the finest cata- 
log ever isaoed on Whlt« 
LeirhornB. Containiln- 
f ormation every pooltryman 
•hoald have. Telia all aboat 
mathoda that have mad* 
Ferria LeKbomaBoproBtable. 


CUclu, E«gs, CoelMrtlSt 
Bcaa, Pullets 

Suaa blood llnaa aa cor famooa «1n- 
nera at SO aca eootesta. Wa.ah ip 
C. O. D. and aoaraBtea aaia arrival 
aod compUta aatlaf afthw wbaravac 
yoa ara locatad. 


l^":t?r^7f^®h2?e*v^r»*]^'^oe and thr« 
SSli."f ySS raontblytuiretin giving pnee. and complete 
tiionnationon Ferria Lcghoma. 

A new subscriber in Ohio who has 
been attracted to poultry culture as 
an occupation, asks us the following 
four questions: 

"What is the present condition of 
the industry and its probable future? 
How well is the field developed and 
what are the opportunities? On how 
large a scale should one enter the 
poultry field — one who has had no 
practical experience? What exper- 
ience would you suggest one should 

The first two questions are of gen- 
eral interest: the last two of interest 
to all prospective beginners and to 
all not established and progressing in 
developing their poultry plants. On 
the first two a good many of the older 
poultry keepers now have opinions 
which we believe are unsound and a 
handicap to them. This is so in all 
cases where poultrymen look at exist- 
ing conditions to which they have not 
adjusted themselves from points of 
view which are out of date, for those 
who do this wholly miss the oppor- 
tunities now lying open to them, 
which opportunities are on the whole 
much greater than ever before. 

The poultry industry at the present 
time is going through a period of 
general readjustments after some 20 
years of vigorous but not always well 
advised eflFort to promote its expan- 
sion in all parts of the country: and 
after a short period of abnormally 
high prices following the war, in 
which it was possible for poultrymen 
of little experience and skill to make 

a living. 

The statistics of the last census, 
analyzed in their relations to the two 

previous, and showing progress in 
two decades, seem to indicate very 
plainly that for some time to come, 
and probably for all time, the favor- 
able combination of soil and climate 
for poultry is going to be the most 
important factor in determining 
where special poultry farms can be 
established easily and readily ex- 
panded as their trade can be de- 
veloped. Nearness to good markets, 
while always advantageous, does not 
at the present time mean as much as 
it used to, because truck transporta- 
tion added to rail transportation, 
greatly expands the distance poultry 
produce can be marketed in fresh 

Generally speakiflg the production 
of poultry is increasing much faster 
in the North Atlantic States and in 
the Far West than in other parts of 
the country. The plain reason for this 
is climate more favorable to poultry 
and land generally better suited to 
carrying large stocks of poultry. This, 
it should be noted, refers to general 
conditions. There are poor sites in the 
best poultry districts, and there are 
good sections and good sites in all 
parts of the country, but they are 
also good for other things, and if in 
profitable use for other purposes are 
not available for poultry. A great 
many failures in poultry have been 
made by people not able to get good 
sites taking the best they could get. 

With good land and climate near 
enough to a good market one can 
build up a market ^^'g and poultry 
business for himself regardless of the 
amount of specialization in his ter- 
ritory. If the market is too far away 
for a house to house trade his success 
will depend a good deal on enough 
interest in the community to attract 
good buyers or maintain a co- 
operative selling organization. 

Strictly market ^WS and poultry 
farming in favorable locations can 
always be expected to pay, according 
to the circumstances and skill of the 
farmer about the same as other lines 
of farming. The opportunities to 
make poultry farming very profitable 
are mostly associated with the pro- 
duction and distribution of breeding 
stock, eggs for hatching, and stock 
chickens at various ages. This trade 
has been in an unsettled state for 
several years because of a shift in 
demand, customers calling for a 
better grade of stock than many of 
the breeders they had been buying 
from were able to supply. At the 
same time many breeders of good 
stock were not increasing sales as 
they should because they were not 
getting the merits of their stock 
before enough of those dissatisfied 
with what they had been buying. 
Within the past two years this situa- 
tion has been so far amended that the 
outstanding feature in the growth of 
the poultry industry at this time is 
the rapid grovd:h of breeding plants 
of this type. 




The Efficient Laying Battery 

Contxnncd. from page 69 
the batteries so as to facilitate caring 
for the birds, such as filling mash 
hoppers, collecting eggs, etc. What are 
some of the advantages of this new 
development in the poultry field, you 
ask? Here are some of the more im- 
portant ones. 

Less Mortality 

We all know that poultry flocks to- 
day are subject to a great deal of 
mortality caused by filth born di- 
seases, such as coccidiosis, colds, 
worms, etc. This mortality is not only 
the result of initial infection from the 
ranges, but the infection is spread 
throughout the flock from bird to 
bird, which often results in a loss 
of 15 to 25 per cent of the birds 
placed in the laying pens. Laying bat- 
teries possess the very distinct ad- 
vantage of greatly reducing this loss. 
The birds are kept in individual com- 


We are entirely justified in saying 
that in the poultry industry as now 
developed and organized anyone who 
is a good breeder and a good business 
man, and who will build up his breed- 
ing stock to suit any evident demand, 
or any need from which he can de- 
velop a demand, has so many oppor- 
tunities before him that unless he has 
a personal preference to govern his 
course a choice is embarrassing. This 
situation exists because of the extent 
to which breeders of other varieties 
failed to cater to the popular demands 
which then turned so overwhelmingly 
to White Leghorns and Rhode Island 

We are now in the reaction from 
that "boom". It is not to be antici- 
pated that any other varieties should 
outstrip these in poplarity, — not for 
many years any way: but to many 
poultry keepers in these days all other 
varieties of poultry are "new", and 
the human yearning for new things 
responds readily to efforts to promote 
other breeds and varieties, provided 
the same intrinsic worth can be 
claimed for the stock offered. 

As to the experience needed before 
one starts for himself, and the ap- 
propriate scale of initial operations, 
the best answer to that is that one 
should not begin for himself, that is 
build a business plant, until he can 
plan it for himself, both construction 
and operation. One may start with 
poultry as a side line and gradually 
work into a full time plant, studying 
the subject in books, journals, bulle- 
tins, and getting further information 
from lecturers, and so working every- 
thing out by himself. But in starting 
a full time plant he cannot afford to 
be so dependent on others in making 
his investments. The practical way is 
to work on a poultry farm until he 
fully understands the ordinary con- 
ditions and details of its manage- 


Lower Prices . 

Great news for poultry people. Great WyckoflE S. 0. 
White Leghorn strain now at reduced prices. Quality 
even better — profit opportunities greater than ever — 
prices have been cut. Indications point to prosperous 
times for egg and broiler sales — make the most of it 
—choose chicks and hatching eggs from 

The Famous Foundation Strain 

Take advantage of fifty years' successful breeding exi)erience. Buy the chicks 
that insure big, white eggs — high flock averages — great health and vitality. 
Select the chicks that work, hustle and produce the best whan prices for eggs 
are highest — chicks easy to raise — young stock quick to mature. Get a flying 
start to real profits the coming season — specialize on Wyckoff's strain o£ S. 0. 
White Leghorns. 


Box B 


Cayuga Co. 



Get new liig lielp- 
ful calaiui;. Sent 
Free. Write — 



Pedigree Bred — Contest Proven 

All of our breeders kept right here on our own 50 acre breed- 
ing farm. All carry four or more generations of trapnest- 
pedigree breeding of from 250 to 330 eggs. Consistent, heavy 
egg winners, four years in foremost eastern laying contest.^. 
Official records up to 261 eggs in 11 months. Every breeder 



We have the Royal Puritan Strain of Barred Plymouth Rocks 
in light and dark matings out of dams with egg records of 200 
to 253. We also breed the Pure Tompkins Rhode Island Reds in 
the rich dark color. True to type and vigorous. 
Send today for our 1932 Mating List of our Regular and Special 
Matings. Liberal discounts on all orders placed this month. 


Breeders of Fine Poultry Since 1896", Box IOO.HUGHESVIIjLE, PA. 



Dugan Poultry Farm, 4500 cages 
Kiefer Poultry Farm, 1032 cages 
Kassenoff Poultry Farm, 1016 cages 
Bungalow Poultry Farm, 1080 cages 
Morris Arkin, 1152 cages 

New Jersey Experiment Sta. 
Cornell Experiment Sta. 
Prof. Harry R. Lewis 
Cumberland Valley Co-op. Ass'n 
Mt. Hope Farms 


Toms River, New Jersey 

'hv^^'^^'' Leghorn Chicks £rotn Trapnest /'t^^^;Aj 
' ' and Pedigreed Stock ' ^ 

^^Tk^ou liny from us arc hatched from our own eggs. In Rohblns Electric Tncuhatior. Pedicreed 
(V(**-ri'Is frim XO:; to SIR cKK t'l«KHlline mated to (»lfl liens witii trapnest anil Mao-Iaji.l Ekk Layir.t: 
l>intest Ktcurds from 200 epg* up. (hir pruvs are greatly reduced. Write t, .lay 


EVJ-JRYIiOnys ndvertiftrrn arc guaranteed to please tinu. Patronize them. Please 
mention FA ERVIUHns in writing to them. They icill thank you and so uill tve. 



is mechanically perfect 

Constructed of heavy rust-reaUtlng drawn wire, se- 
curely welded togeUier at all joints, with hardware 
cloth floors of one inch meih, this new "Sa»e-An" 
Hen Battery offers a maximum of value In convenience 
and long wearing qualities. It li fully equipped with 
feed and watering tro»ighs. and heavy gauge remov- 
able dropping pans. The sloping floors cause the egg 
when laid to roll to the front of the compartment 
where it is easily retrelred hy the operator. 

Rach unit (xwitains twelve one-hen compartments. 
Each TOmpartment Is 17 in. x 17 in. hy 18 in. high. 
Overall dimensions are 72 Inches high, 40 Inchea long, 
and 38 Inches deep. Constructed so they may be placed 
together a^ continuous units with aisles between. 
Write for prices. 



Quincy, 111. 

tube rtvet. Erat)09SeJ nuraljcrs. 

Bound or pointed end. Two sites 
—No. 2 for Llglit UreeUs. No. 3 
for Heavy Krecds. loo— $1.00; 

300— $2.70; 500— $4.00; 1.000— 

$7.00. PosUge raid. Sealing Pllcr— $1.25 each. 
Caulog. Booklet, •"Hints on Pedlgrt* Hatching", 
SamplM of I'lxlierof Record Ca Hs — FRF.E. 
Natlvnal Poultry Band Co., Dept. «26, Newport, Ky. 



■-^iv ADt MARK 



F««d "Llm« Craft" CalcH* to 
your layers and note Imprey*- 
incnt In 9n ■h«llg.Ne toft sheila. 
No poroas shells. B«1t«rshlpplnfl 
rssulu. Better health of flock 

Colclte Is pure crystalline CaU 
clum Carbonate. Feed It as a 
flour In the mash and In crystal 
form as flrit No ether form of 
Calcium needed. 

Sold on money back otiarantee 
when lod as directed. Aik for 
free booklet. See phototraphic 
proof of results. 

It's FREE . . . 
just mail coupon. 



Dept. D 

Um««ton« Product* Corp. of Amorica 

Nowten. N. J. 

Send booklets on better feeding methods for poultry. 
Also free samples of "Lime Crest'" I'roducU. My 
flock number* birds. 




partments, they are on wire floors, 
they do not come in contact with 
iheir own droppings, all feeding and 
watering is done in receptacles which 
nre absolutely free from infection, in 
fact the only likelihood of infection 
i 1 a properly equipped and operated 
battery room is from air-born bac- 
teria. The danger from such, if the 
1 oom is properly ventilated, is almost 
J egligible. We must just appreciate 
ihat with hen batteries the spread of 
roccidiosis, the continuous infection 
of birds with worms and other intes- 
tinal parasites, is practically done 
r.way with, and thereby the greatest 
ringle loss to the poultryman is 

Higher Production 

It is a well established fact that 
hens in laying batteries will produce 
substantially more eggs than the same 
iiens kept in flocks running on the 
floor of the modern poultry house. 
This increased production runs all the 
way from 15 or 20 per cent up to as 
high as 50 per cent, depending upon 
conditions of management, health, 
ptc. This increased production is 
probably caused, first, through the 
plimination of the ravages of disease, 
{md, second, because a continuous 
jupply of feed and water is con- 
stantly available. 

No Vices and Bad Habits 

Another big advantage of the hen 
jattery is the fact that vices and bad 
habits to which hens are subjected, 
when running together as a flock on 
the floor, are prevented and almost 
entirely eliminated. For instance, the 
habit of egg eating, as acquired by 
flocks, is unknown in batteries. The 
egg is dropped directly on the wire 
floor, where it immediately rolls to a 
position in the front of the cage, out 
of the way of the bird. Should the 
egg break, it immediately falls 
through the wire to the dropping plat- 
form below, the bird herself being 
unable to taste it and thus acquire 
the habit of egg eating. 

Feather Picking and Cannibalism 

These are also unknown, because 
the birds cannot pick and consume 
each other, nor do they develop the 
habit of plucking the feathers from 
one another as is so often the case in 
commercial flocks. 

Hen Batteries are in Reality 

Every individual hen battery is 
actually a trapnest. Every egg which 
a hen lays is known and can be easily 
recorded by numbering each com- 
partment of the batteries and having 
a correspondingly numbered record 
on which to mark the eggs as laid. 
Probably this is one of the greatest 
advantages of hen batterie.*. It en- 
ables the poultryman to weed out the 
boarder birds and he can keep the 
entire battery capacity in productive 
condition. Furthermore, it gives him 

a record of individual production of 
the pullets, which becomes valuable 
information in mating these same 
birds as breeders in subsequent years, 
for, after they have completed their 
life in the battery, if they are placed 
on a good green range, every indica- 
tion points to the fact that they will 
restore their yellow pigment, change 
their plumage and come back into a 
strong, vigorous condition, ready for 
the breeding pen. 

Substantially Less Feed Required 

It is an interesting fact, but true, 
that substantially less feed is con- 
sumed in batteries than where the 
hens run in large flocks in the modern 
poultry house. This is probably ex- 
plained through a number of reasons. 
In the first place, there is no loss of 
feed through properly equipped and 
operated batteries. Then again, be- 
cause of their limited exercise, a 
larger proportion of the food intake 
goes into the production of eggs, and 
less into energy. For this reason it is 
necessary to feed a properly balanced 
ration, which takes care of the pro- 
duction and maintenance needs of the 
individual and which has in it the 
mineral requirements to aid proper 
assimilation and the maintenance of 

Litter Eliminated 

Still another advantage of the hen 
battery is the fact that the necessity 
of purchasing litter is eliminated, 
thus doing away with one of the 
rather expensive items, especially 
when we consider the labor necessary 
to clean and care for our large poul- 
try flocks today. With the battery, no 
time is required in changing litter and 
the actual operation of removing the 
droppings from the batteries can be 
done much more quickly than the 
operation of cleaning the dropping 
boards in the ordinary laying house. 
The elimination of litter also means 
doing away with one of the common- 
est causes of the spread of disease, 
because we all know that litter when 
it is damp and dirty is anything but 
a safe place for birds to scratch and 
lie in, as well as pick their food from. 

The Proof of the Pudding is in the 

It is true that the development of 
hen batteries is of recent date, but 
they have been in successful opera- 
tion for the last two or three years, 
so that what we read today is not 
based upon supposition but on actual 
fact. The writer, appreciating the 
great potential possibilities in the 
application of hen batteries to the 
production of commercial table eggs, 
has a substantial battery unit in 
operation at the present time, using 
it to gain experience and full 
acquaintance with the problems of 
hen battery operation, with the ex- 
pectation of installing substantial 
equipment next season. This unit is 
of substantial size and was filled on 




, (:> 




•"• *.•>«> •- 

,;/!</ /J/cjff 


RLOREX kills dl9ea.<<e eerms 
In 15 seconds. Completely 
dlslnfeets and deodorizes your 
Inoubators, broders and poul- 
try bulldlnBS. Efficient germl- 
olde for purifying the drink- 
ing water. Absoluteily NOX- 
POISONOrs In the dlluUona 
reoummended oil Its label. 

1/ I /^ P p y REQUIRED seven years 
■* •" >^ l\ l» /\ scientific research to de- 
velop. Furnished in concentrated powder 
form — free-flowing and readily soluble in 
water. Oae pound of Klorex will make 
sixty-four gallons disinfecting solution. 
One teaspoonful of Klorex will purify six 
galloDs of drinking Avafer. Klorex is x>ower- 
ful. practical and economical. DEAIjEBS 
triON. Poultrymen send for free sample 
and descriptive literature. 


O. W. Whltmoyer Laboratories 
Myerstown, Pa. 

Pleat* tend me poitpald free tampis 
•f Kler«x and deicrlptivt llteratur*. 


•T. or RT. 
TOWN ... 



Want to 

Men and boya, with 
or without automo- 
C j|.|l biles, can earn money 

"•""^ every month in the 

mUDey. ^j^^ ^y helping us 
introduce Everybodys Poultry 
Mageizine to poultry keepers, 
dealers and everyone interested 
in keeping poultry or interested 
in the subject. 

Write me for particulars. 

Fred J. Willock 



"DT/^ Write for our special prices before 
111 1 1 y°" '^"y White Leghorn Chicks any- 
mJm.\> where. Ferris Chicks are the big fluffy 
r|fC,v kind that jump out of the box when 
xAJ? you get them and they have 31 years of 
COUfiT *?8 breeding back of them. Shipped C. 
■riffc C5rD. anywhere; guaranteed to reach 
IniJ you safely, insured for 30 days. Ferris 
^ONTn thick* have year* of trnpneating and ped- 
jiwitiii j^e, breedinif back of thim. Thousanda of 
customers order them year af t^r year because they pro- 
doc* pull«ta thmt ftr« in'^Kt wintvr Urers. Kkv contest records 
toSS6eas«.YcK]r«naIso ret pallets, hens, cock erels.lmateil pens. 
■aMhiiic SCK*. Postcard brlns* cstaMC mad complete inlurmatloo. 

Ceo. B. Ferris. 921 Union, Grand Rapids. Mich. 

Mr. Ferris: — Send me your catalog and special sale 
bolletin aod quota m* lowest iMice on the foUowiiw: 

No. Chieka.. 

Dot* loantod. 


December 1st, with May-hatched 
Barred Rock pullets, which when 
taken off the range were laying 10%. 
Within six- weeks after they were 
placed in the battery, they were lay- 
ing 70%. There has been practically 
no mortality, every bird was vigorous 
and healthy. Not only had production 
increased rapidly to a large daily 
yield, but the size of the eggs had 
increased more rapidly than they had 
with birds placed in regular houses, 
from the same flock. For example, 
when the birds were housed, less than 
50% of the eggs would grade as firsts 
and six weeks later, on January 15th, 
over 85% of the eggs graded as firsts. 
We should be pleased to keep 
Everybodys readers informed from 
time to time as to the progrress and 
success attendant upon our use of 
batteries and to acquaint our readers 
as to the development and usage of 
this new and, I believe, very valuable 
and important piece of poultry equip- 
ment. Anything which means more 
eggs at less cost, is worthy of the 
serious consideration of every poultry 

Liberal Commissions Offered Agents. 
Write Everyhodys. 

The Boston Poultry Show 

By John H. Robinson 
The Boston Poultry Show held Dec. 
30, 1931 to Jan. 3, 1932 impressed me 
as distinctly reflecting the trends and 
tones of interest in poultry in New 
England which for several years past 
I thought I saw when going about and 
sensed in my contacts with different 
interests; but did not find so positive- 
ly indicated in all phases by those 
attending and participating in Boston 

Two years ago, in the second show 
under the present management, the 
exhibits of commercial poultry 
breeders, of which there had pre- 
viously been a few in each show, 
became a leading feature of it, being 
added to and greatly expanding the 
commercial section as composed of 
exhibits of supplies and appliances. 
Of 60 exhibits in this section, 19 
were made by commercial poultry 
breeders, most of whom frankly 
treated their entry into the show 
room as an experiment. With some 
changes in those taking space the 
number has been nearly the same last 
year and this; but all doubts of the 
value of show room space to this class 
of exhibitors seem to have vanished. 
It now seems assured that this class 
of breeders is in the Boston Show to 
stay, and to vie with one another in 
presenting the merits of their stock 
to prospective buyers through dis- 
plays of birds and eggs and the dis- 
tribution of attractive and instructive 
advertising literature. 

On a reporter's analysis of con- 
ditions of the last three shows here, 
the introduction of these practical 
poultry exhibits appears to be the 
reason for the greater interest of 
poultrymen in the show manifested in 

Arndt Laying Battery 



Dirtiest Jol 

Done in 2 MINUTES 

Just think of it I A few turns of oae 
crank and all the decks of your battery 
brooders or your hen batteries are com- 
pletely cleared of droppings. No drop* 
ping pans or scrapers to bother with. 


Brooding anc Laying Battcrias 

Lead tho field in eliminating the 
biggest item of labor connected with 
battery equipment. Other exclusive 
features and a complete service that 
assures success from the start. 

FREE Booklet on B«Hcry|Manas«mcnt 

OlTes many prarticvl tugcestlons OB opcrat- 
Ing Batteries sucreiiRrully. Describes AR.NDT 
Hroodlng and Laying Batteries. BaUerles ara 
the most Important reoent Introduction tn the 
poultry industry. Get tha (aots ftom a quali- 
fied speolalUt. 


Battery Brooding Specialist 

Osft 12 235 Bernard St. Treston. N. J. 

Brooder $4.80 Complete 

In a few minutes tou can make a t>etter brooder 
than you can bu>. No tools needed but a pair ot 
ordinary ahears. Tbe tDateriala. Including Ueatsr, 
cost only $4.80. Br^^ds 40 to 100 chicks. 

I want you to try my brooder and will send yoQ 
plans for making it, together with a Putnam Brooder 
Ueater. for $4 75. All rostpaid. The rutnam Brood* 
•r Heater holds one quart of oil and 

Bums lO Pay Without Attention 

Try the brooder out and If you don't say it's the 
best brooder you ever used, return the Heater in SO 
days and get your money back. When ordering, please 
(Ira your dealer's name, aend /ur mu jrte BuokU$ 
'•PoxUtry Brtf." 

L PUTNAM Route 215-K eLMIRA.N.Y. 


We specialize on Atrards for all 
occasions and you will not And 
better oaea anywhere^ ComplrCe 
line, the hest makes, prices and 
qualities. Intelligent, careful and 
prompt attention to orders. Send 
far eataleo. 


33 No. Wabash Ave.. Chica«o. III. 


We nnbesitatincly guarantee this to 

)e the finest doth base (class subeti" 

tute on the market. Double strength. 

warmer than glass, passes ultra-violet ' 

rua, tuush as parchment. Lars* prodoctKO 

mnammadi siwce adrertisina cvMt* maktt thaee 

low prices pcMJble. 3S inch wkiUi oolr. 60 rwtU 

or mora. 21c per rd.; 40 rarda (8.80; 90 Tarda 

S6.a0: 20 yards 14.66: 15 yard* S3.60: lOrarda 

J2.48. Goarantead abcolatelT Mtiafactorr to yoo. 

We pay poatsr*. S^nd check or mooey order. 

EMINO WIOS. BG629 stock Vwds* CHWAOO I 



A New Deal 

(or chick buyers! 

Only one of America's Foremost 
IvaputM-pedigroe breeders could 
u.ako -vu offer like this. Ours is a 
modern 40 acre 5U00 bird farm 
•• Carrying on" the finest Tancred 
Blo^dUuef. The Smiley Tancred Strain 
is Larger than English Leghorns and 
lase northern bred vitality with the 
finest type of all production strains. 

Buy Chicks 

To Your SpeclBlcatlon 

Are vou satisfied with your present 
flock Write me fully the points 
you want most in order of importance 
to you. Number of layers kept? Num^ 
ber culled! Production? Egg Size! 
Number of chicks bought 1 Number lost? 
Age at 50% lay! What Guarantees do 
you wish? Number of chicks required 
this year! Date? Where did you buy year? Price? Have you had disease 
problems? Other Problem* ' ^'.^■® ."^ 
this informaUon in full and I will give 
you my special personal proposition on 
exactly the type of stock you have 
always wanted. We have helped hun^ 
dredi to success and will gladly help 
vou if you will write me fully. Send 
for new catalog (entirely free from 
bunk) 20% discount on eggs, chicks 
and pullets ordered this month for any 
date wanted. 


Strictly a Breeding Inttitution 


The Smiley-Tancred Strain it a 

Triumph of All Tancred 


better t.ttendance at a higher admi.s- 
sion fee. A practical poultryman find.^ 
in the coinmercial section of this show 
opportunities to see, compare and buy 
whatever he could have any occasion 
to use, supplies or stock. To him it 
is a business facility worth spending 
time and railway fares to use. No 
matter what the little item of admis- 

That probably accounts for the 
steady good attendance throughout 
the show, not excepting the stormy 
Saturday, when it was expected to be 


It is noteworthy too how the ex- 
hibition poultry section responded to 
the effort to increase the entry there. 
A net gain of 11 9 birds was made in 
the face of the heavy unexpected loss 
of the large showing of Asiatics from 
Willowbrook Farm, due to the death 
of the owner. But for this untoward 
event the gain in the large exhibition 
birds would have been about 160. 


Smith-hatched week- 
ly. Sturdy, vigorous, 
rapid growers 

Tancred. Ferris, Fishel. Sheppard, 
Parks D 32, et«. Why take chances 
with ordinary chicks, when you can 
get these famous breeds at same 
price or even less! We ship CO. 
D guarantee lOOTc safe, live de- 
livery of big, stout, healthy chuks^ 
Write for full colored catalog and 
economy pri<es. 

r /Vim Ull land Hatchery 



The most popular heavy breed of "busi- 
ness birds" to<lav. Blood tested 11 years! 
Accredited and r»rtiflpd in New Hamp 



From hen bree<lers: flo< k average.s \i\) 
to 23<» eicgs : cwkerels from 2fi to 30 oz. 
chalk white "eggs. Weekly Hatches. 

Our BAREED ROCK PEN lead the Pa 
Contest in December. 


1 P. T. Klstler, Prop. Box E^Towan da, Pa. 

Delaware Poultry Show at 
Milford, Delaware 

By E. Dodge Smith 
A most interesting and novel com- 
bined show has just been successfully 
conducted by the Delaware State 
Poultry Association co-operating with 
the Rabbit and Farm Crop Improve- 
ment Associations. Their combined 
efforts have resulted in a well con- 
ducted show with a large attendance. 
The Poultry Show was made up of 
Exhibition, Record of Performance. 
Production, 4-H Club and Vocational 
Agricultural Departments. Other im- 
portant departments were Baby 
Chicks, Eggs and Broilers. 

In the Exhibition Department an 
outstanding feature of the Show was 
the wonderful quality in turkeys men- 
tioned by the judge, Newton Cosh, 
as being the best quplity birds he had 
judged in fiv.^ years. Mrs. W. W. 
Rambo, Sudlersville, Md., had a fine 
display with Mrs. Hannah Thompson 
of Rehoboth, Del., showing some 
splendid birds. Mrs. Samuel B. Col- 
lins, Middletown, Del., and Raymond 
Banks, Clarksville, Del., also had 
some good birds winning ribbons. 

Lannan Brothers, Elsmere, Del., 
breeders of fine quality Anconas won 

sweepstakes, most points in Show, for 
the second time winning the large 
silver cup. Victor Bennett, Elkton, 
Md., had a beautiful display of large 
snappy feathered quality Barred 
Rocks winning 7 ribbons on 8 entries. 
Herbert King, Collingsdale, Pa., had 
as fine an exhibit of well conditioned 
White Wyandottes of splendid type 
as has been seen in this section of the 
country. Some mighty good Colum- 
bian Rocks were shown by Charles 
Wagner, Newark, Del., and Silver 
Laced Wyandottes were represented 
in a beautifully marked exhibit by T. 
K. McDowell of Lincoln University, 

Record of Performance Depart- 
ment was well represented by 83 
birds mostly Barred Rocks and White 
Leghorns. Most points in Rocks were 
won by O. A. Newton & Son, Bridge- 
ville, Del., and in White Leghorns by 
Warren Poultry Farm, Lewes, Del. R. 
O. P. has grown in importance in the 
state and Delaware now has joined 
the National Organization. Other 
breeders showing in R. O. P. having 
fine birds were F. T. Warrington, Jr., 
Georgetown, Del. ; Robert Boyce, Sea- 
ford, Del.; Charles E. Grove, Milford, 
Del.; and Steen's Poultry Farm, Dags- 
boro, Del. 

Prof. James E. Rice of Cornell Uni- 
versity judged the Leghorns in the 
Production and Vocational Agricul- 
tural Departments. Prof. Rice in 
judging gave a very educational 
feature in showing all interested 
people the reason why every bird was 
placed or cut; and when judging, 
Prof. Rice had a group of interested 
poultrymen at all times listening to 
his comments and when certain points 
were brought up, actually showing 
measurements to illustrate his point. 
This feature alone was worth con- 
ducting the Show. Prof. Rice after 
judging gave a talk on breeding, gen- 
eral management and gave ringside 
judging, but when asked about 
paralysis said, "It's time to go." The 
greatest number of points in Produc- 
tion Department was won by Steen's 
Poultry Farm, Dagsboro, Del., which 
gave them the silver cup won by this 
farm for three years. Steen also won 
greatest number of points on blood- 
tested stock. Byron Pepper, George- 

A corner of the widelj, attended poultr.j and farm P;'>«'«;;^/,/''';'J )',lf^ "luJJeinna 
in the heart of the DtM/ar-Va prnin><ula. Over 2000 attcndid this interesting 

shoic on one day. 



town, Del., on Wyandottes was next 
and on Leghorns, Charles E. Grove, 
Milford, DeL; F. T. Warrington, Jr., 
Ceort:ctown, Del.; Warren Poultry 
Farm, Lewes^ DeL were all high in 
points. Prof. Rice stated that it was 
a pleasure to judge such a fine quality 
Production Show, good size entries 
and he mentioned the Vocational 
Agricultural division as being 
especially good. 

Baby Chick Department was well 
represented by 34 entries and in a 
large Barred Rock class Collins 
Hatchery, Milton, Del. was first. This 
has been won three years by this 

A novel feature tried this year was 
put on with the co-operation of the 
Milford business men whose efforts to 
boost the Show has been appreciated. 
H. S. Palmer, Poultry Show Secre- 
tary, should be given credit for put- 
ting this across. Free theatre tickets 
were distributed to people invited to 
attend the Show and this helped to 
give us a fine attendance of farmers 
and poultrymen all over Delaware and 
adjoining states. Two thousand people 
attended the Show the day this free 
theatre party was given. The com- 
mercial booths in the Show were 
especially attractive, the ribbon for 
the most attractive btooth was won by 
Wayne Feeds, put on by Sunshine 

The rabbit breeders were out 
strong with entries over 500 and 
much interest was shown in these fine 
specimens of rabbits. All important 
variety, color and size of rabbit was 
well represented. A very interesting 
exhibit of skins was on display framed 
as a large picture on the wall. 

We feel well repaid for the hard 
work done by everyone in staging 
these combined shows and hope an- 
other year to pull in other Delaware 
farm associations to show their pro- 
ducts working towards a Delaware 
agricultural week. 


Applied Research 

We welcome the inauguration of 
the Agrricultural Research Labora- 
tories, Inc. 

The laboratories are located on a 
well equipped plant at Princeton, N. 
J., where facilities are available for 
applied research and field experimen- 
tation in all branches of agricultural 
science. Manufacturers will be ex- 
tremely interested to learn of this as 
the laboratories are specializing in 
the practical and economic value of 
products that are or may be adapted 
to this industry. Their advisory staff 
is composed of scientists well known 
in their respective fields. Hence they 
are in a position to render a much 
needed service, especially at the 
present time. 

Large Eggs — Large Leghorns 





50 V. 

Hn^/l V;f.U> litk2DH,2D]t„ Lti^lb WZiUIC tual ktJJQcti Hull 










t- -1 












BrohenLin* . ^ Lo«i bv Ten BejtMlef 1 
SoWU«« .ZLa.Jb«AII 







Are your hens laying pennies, 
nickels or dimes for market; or 
quarters, halves or dollars for 
breeders? Price multiplied by 
production equals $'s Value per 
Hen. Get our 


Breeder-Balance Leghorns 


I. Endurance: Only one bird died, (laid 263 eggs). 

II. Size: Average approximately 4 lbs. 

III. Egg Quality: Average over 24 ok. per dozen. 

IV. Production: 

Pen i:< Pullets, average 2»2 

Best 10 PuUeti, average 270 

Highest laid i 296 

Ix)wost laid 237 


Production Beauty: 


Free from Standard Dla- 

Onr Loog Time Official Inspection Re erd 

N. Y. Certified, 13 years; Trapneeted, 9 
years; N. Y. Record of Performance, 5 
years; 1800 oCacially banded breeders. 

Our Own Breeding— New Sod Range Reared 

Modern Sanitation; Official B. W, D. 
Tested; Pox Vaccinated. You buy 40 
Years Our Breeding. 


Egg and Apple Farm, Rt» E Trumansburg, N. Y. 



^ /^NE of the largest R. 0. P. flocks in Pennsylvania. 

^^ Bred and personally managed by poultryman of 27 
years experience. Satisfied customers in 28 states. Start 

* right with quality approved by State Bureau of Markets. 

* Send for Free Circular 


Middletown, Pa. 


309 EGGS 
26 OZ 

We have developed our Leghorns (or high pro- 
duction and at the same time we have given 
careful attention to egg size of individual bird. Our 
3500 certified breeders are from blood lines with 
records up to 307 eggs and are mated to R. 0. P. 
males 250-309 eggs. 

FREE CHICKS *™ 11^1'-^ 

We are making a apodal offer thlj year to thoae desiring 
to get extra chicks by pladng their orders early. It 
will pay you to get in touoh with us If you are thinking o( 
buying diictei of high produdni stock. PrlOM are low. Wrlt« 
today for cataioc 'Truth* About Warreo Farm ChlcfcaL" 





All Prices Reduced 25% 

Production bred, vigorous, tented 
chicks from our own high quality stock. 
Write for literature and .special prices. 

Box E DavlsvUle, B. I. 


Br. k Wh. Lefhorns. $10—100: Bar.. 

Wh. & Buff Rox: Anconat: S. C. R. 

I. Redj; Silver Laced. Wh. Wyand.. 

$12—100: Jersey Black GianU: Lifht 

Brahmat: Buff Orpingtont. $15 — 100; 

Asserted Mixed $10—100. I00»,. live 

old chicks. Free catalog. ^ _^ _ ^. .,_ „ . 

BECK'S HATCHERY. Dept. E. Mt Airy. Md. 



or r.i>l*GWMat*t H priM. SS VANIKTIKS. MSW \.vm 


Pullets at Net Cost of ^— • 

On March 13, the following letter from L. 
O. Bradford, Manchester, O., was broad- 
cast over WLW at Cincinnati: 

"On April 23. 1930 I rMselvod 
from Mr. J. T. Thoiripson. 
Hope. Indiana. 200 White 
Rock ohicks. I raised 196 
chicks, whicti cost me for 
feed and chicks $101.10. I 
sold 126 fryers for $98.23. 
which loft me 70 pullets at 
net cost of $2.85. Pullets be- 
gan laying when 4 months 
and 18 days eld." 

This is my thirty-first 

year breeding White 

Rocks and today have T.„oj,p80Ng 

one of the most proUl- yy^ijE ROCKS 

able breeds of poultry in _,„„ 

the world. Eggs, baby chicks and breeding 

stock. Catalog Free. 

Box E 

Hope, Indiana 



Toe-Punch To Tell Your Early Layers 


w S. C. WHITE 


from Trapnetted Brccdm. Uroett 
•xcluiive pedigree plant in <no Eatt. 
Every egg incubated Is produced on 
Tredinnock Farmt under our Pejonfi 
»upervi»ion. Every chick hatched ha« 
• full family tree. No claim* <o<" P*;^- 
termance are made which «>""<>♦ ,o« 
•ubstantiated by oach bird'* individual 

Great Flock Improvert 

Build up your flock with the unex- 
celled quality Tredinnock otters thl» 
year. Wonderful value at moderate 
trices. Positively no guesswork is our 
breeding program. From time chick is 
hatched until flnal disposition, we 
havo complete records to show you. 


Send for the complete story of Tredin- 
nock Pedigreed White Leghorns. 


Continued ft 

and set aside for this use. It is scarce- 
ly necessary to carry the thing to the 
extreme of making up a designation 
for each day on which a hatch may 
have been taken off. It is suggested 
that a time within a two-week period 
is sufficiently close for all practical 
purposes. Therefore, would not some 
such code as this be useful? 
How to Punch 

1. Chicks hatched between January 
1 and 15 be marked with an outside 
left toe-punch. 

2. Chicks hatched between January 
15 and Feb. 1 be marked with an in- 
side left toe-punch. 

3. Chicks hatched between Feb. 1 
and Feb. 15 be marked with an inside 
right toe-punch. 

4. Chicks hatched between Feb. 15 
and Feb. 28 (or 29) be marked with 
an outside left and an inside left toe- 

5. Chicks hatched between Mar. 1 
and Mar. 15 be marked with an inside 
left and inside right toe-punch. 

6. Chicks hatched between Mar. 15 
and Mar. 31 be marked with an in- 
side right and an outside left toe- 

7. Chicks hatched between April 1 
and April 15 be marked with an inside 

Big Wh'ite Eggs 

ou take no chance* with Trex- 
lor Chicks. Every hatching egg 
that goes into our big sanitary 
incubators is from a Trexler Leg 
horn bred to lay large white eggs 
— and lots of them. Every step of 
the way — from the time a chick 
is hatched for our breeding pens 
to the day it lays its eggs to be 
hatched for our customers — is 
strictly under expert Trexler con- 
trol and supervision. Furthermore. 
Trexler Poultry Farm is a Tenna. 
Stale Supervised Farm. 
Flock Averages Count 

Ahish production hen hen and ther* 
lUKTii't give the profltaulo eEC pro- 
duction ikai a>me9 from liiirti flock aver- 
age riierefore, make your cliicii invebt- 
metit pay Uie ooralng sea^.-i— buy Trexler 
li«-Khorns — healUiy, quick nnXurirm 
ohicis. Write for prices and catalog. 

TREXLER FARMS, Poultry Div. 
Box 12, AUentown. Pa. 

om page 70 

right, inside left, and outside left 

8. Chicks hatched between April 15 
and April 30 be unmarked. 

9. Chicks hatched later than May 1 
with some mark not theretofore used, 
as there is bound to be one of the 
above unused. 

10. Use the outside right, remem- 
ber, only for the egg size mark, and 
it may accompany any of the above. 

Now, next fall, when pullets are 
being sorted and placed in laying 
quarters, or in the season thereafter 
when breeders are being selected 
from the birds which are chicks this 
season, one will have much useful 
data at hand on which to sort and 
select — if he has remembered the key 
to the toe-marks, or jotted it down 
in a memorandum or diary. 

How? Just take a punch made for 
the purpose. (You can obtain one 
through Everybodys. See ad on this 
page). Hold the chick firmly in the 
other hand, with the toe outspread. 
Punch the web between the proper 
toes quickly. It will remain always as 
an identification mark. No books are 
required. It is bookkeeping simplified 
to the extreme. It can be used this 
season to mean a whole lot. 

16,000 Red Breeders On One Plant 

Continuea from page 72 

Partridge Ply 


TliB most beautiful as well as 
rm.s. printable variety of Amer- 
ican breeds of poultry. %\on 
every prlM at Madison Square 
Garden, Jan., 1931. Breeding 
«(«*, mated flocka or single 
birds. Hatching eggs. Catalog tells 
you all at)«it Bird Bros, famous 
I'axtridge Rocks. 

BIRO BROS.. Box J. Meyendale. 


M'hito & Brown Leghorns, White & Barred 
Ro(ks, Rcis, "White, Silver & Col. Wyandottes, 
Buff Orpingtons, Giants and Sussex. 

96.00 per hundred and up 
Send for free catalog. K.stablished 1906. 

try culture on quite small farms, even 
as small as 10-15 acres if the land is 
fit, is all usable, and the principles 
upon which this farm was developed 
are all properly observed. The first of 
these principles cannot be better 
stated than in this short sentence 
from Mr. Hagopian's catalogue — 
"There is money in poultry but only 
for those who have good stock." 

There is a lot more meaning in 
that sentence than the casual reader 
gets. It relates not simply to buying 
good stock in the first place, but to 
breeding, feeding and managing to 
keep it good. It further means the 
prompt elimination from the flock of 
all birds which are unthrifty or show 
any symptoms of indisposition. To 
most poultry keepers such measures 
seem unnecessarily rigid: but wher- 
ever you find a steadily growing 
poultry business, you may be sure 
that it is done. 

Good thrifty, healthy birds are re- 
quired for large unit poultry methods. 
They have to be able to stand the in- 
evitable contacts of numbers: and the 
rugged ones can stand roughing 
among themselves as well as any 
animals. A poultryman of my ac- 
quaintance used to be fond of saying 
"Good chickess can grow anywhere, 
even under a lot of abuse." The capa- 
cities of land, buildings, brooders, 
can only be determined with good 
healthy chickens. Others introduce 

evils which we are accustomed to say 
come from overcrowding, but as a 
matter of fact are only more trouble- 
some under that condition. 

Adjusting Business to Demands 

The progressive development of the 
Redbird Farm Strain to meet the 
changes in the general demand for 
stock mentioned earlier in this article 
was in accordance with a policy of 
making the supply produced meet the 
most profitable demand, the demand 
of the shrewdest and best buyers. 
Equally in harmony with this policy 
is the maintenance of grades of mat- 
ings to suit the requirements of all 
classes of poultrymen, with the lowest 
grade higher from the egg production 
standpoint than the usual standards 
for the best matings when Mr. Hago- 
pian began breeding; and the sale of 
stock in whatever form buyers want 
it — from hatching eggs to mature 
birds. It is a matter of common 
knowledge among those who study 
conditions of trade in stock poultry 
that the old small scale breeders, 
really lost out in the face of new 
competition because there was no de- 
mand for the third grade of their 

Relation of Large Breeding and 
Large Commercial Plants 

Poultry and egg production in this 
country under modern conditions are 

/ «) 

^ ''# 

» • 




For a frac-.. 




a bird you can . . . . . 

dclouse your flock with "Black Leal 

specialties in which general farmers 
are finding it more and more difficult 
to compete with specialists. To the 
present time specialization in these 
lines has been restricted by the short- 
age of stock meeting the requirements 
of operating with large units. That 
shortage still exists, but as big breed- 
ing establishments are built up it will 

dclouse your nocK wixn oiasn *-•« x^^^ ^^^^^ - ^ 

40 " Just paint tops of roosts lightly, disappear. These big breeding plants 

The fufncs kill lice while flock roosts. 


Practical poultrym.n pralw"BlacW L«af *0" 
because oMabor saved. If your dealer does 
not have It, send $1 .00 for trial bottle. 

Tobecce By -Product. * C'»»'"'«^ ^ 
Corp., Incorporatod, Loulevllle, Ky. 

"Black Leaf 40 " nsed m • evnj 

killi in»ect« on v*rdeiu. flower* 

■hrub* and tx«««. 





Toe-Puneh^ Em! 

TTie simplest way to mark your chirks. 
Punches a clean hole that lasts throuRh- 
out tho life of the chick. Price post- 
paid, 25 cents. 
EVEEYBODYS Hanover, Pa. 

A/rrdic IN( im.VrOKS 

for higher percentage hatches ^'■- 

Better Quality Chicks -^'^K''^^-^ 


For Incubators ond Brooders 

Accurat*. E»»yto RMd. Mwenry U .iRhtwl aBiuMt bright 
rVdcolumr. .ToidiD, eo.tly .rT«r.. 8inj[l. Inrub.tor Tti.r- 
"omVl« »1 : Do... K Writ. ^'♦r«21'"«- »»'<«•' 


261^ suMPXiuerwifT . brooklym. w. y. 

.....for only lOe 

Let u« mni you . ♦-month.' trW tuhK^iptioa 
to POf LTKV THIBL'NE. the bw poultry m.«- 
uin. that conducu it. own eiperijnent.1 farm. 
Money-m»liin« idnw in every i-ue. P'"'"^^ 
lUble.up to-d.t.. Tell. iJI .bout the bw tlOOO^ 
Chick Growint Cont«.t. Three ye»r. lo' »"». 
■end 10 cenU .oin of .t.mpjfor 4jTmnth. UuU. 

POULTRY TRIBUNE. Dept. 84. Mount MorrH, !■• 

are not merely producing stock for 
smaller plants. They are demonstrat- 
ing how to successfully grow chickens 
in large units for egg production and 
for table poultry. They have exploded 
the idea long held by all poultrymen 
that something in the nature of fowls 
prevented growing them successfully 
in large numbers as ducks are grown. 
They have proved that it can be done 
by observing the same essential re- 
quirements — using good stock only, 
and giving it constant good care. 


Acceding to the requests of its Georgia 
Branch and the Atlanta Chamber of Com- 
merce, the directors have changed the dat«s 
of the 57th annual convention of the Amer- 
ican Poultry Association, to be held in At- 
lanta, Ga., to October 4-7, with the first 
rieeting of the board scheduled for October 3. 

Those in charge of arrangements are al- 
ready making plans for an unusually useful 
and enjoyable meeting. 


The National Poultry Hand Company, 720 
Orchard St., Newport, Ky., will gladly send 
to our re*ders without charge two interesting 
pieces of literature entitled — "Essentials of 
Trapnesting" and "Helpful Hints on Pedi- 
gree Hatching" that explains the necessary 
steps for complete success in both Tnipnest 
ing and Pedigree Hatching. Each piece of 
literature is full of educational matter, and 
the new thoughts they contain will prove very 
beneficial to poultrymen interested in better- 
ing his flock. 


A. B. Dann is again in full charge of the 
poultry division of the James Mfg. Co.. at 
Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin, and all branches 
throughout this country and Canada. It will 
be remembered that Mr. Dann held this same 
position from the spring of 1922 to the fall 
of 1927, since which time he has been on 
leave of absence, but has represented the 
company on many matters of importance, 
and has kept fully informed on all phases 
of the company's operations. His many 
friends will be pleased to learn of his re- 
covery in health so that he will again head 
up the poultry division of Jamesway. 

In the Jamesway Research Laboratory and 
Development Departments are many new and 
revolutionary items of equipment, which will 
be placed on the market during the next few 
months. Mr. Dann's broad experience in poul- 
try matters, and his wide acquaintanceship 
among the poultry public, will be used in the 
introduction of the new lines to the public. 
In addition he will contact the Poultry Hus- 
bandry Departments of the National Govern- 
ment, and State Universities. 

100"^ Perfect Disinfection 


Th. modem, .ur. w.y to diaUuy (term, ol B.W.D., Coe- 

ctdio.1., .t«.. »l.o mile., nit«, worm egc*. Th. H.uik 

iFir.-gunburn.keroMD.. Endor.ed by promiB.nt .Rricul- 

tar»l coll.«M, poultrv .pvciali.U, .nd poultrymen. 

Daliv.ri.. fr«ai Brooklyn. CbicMo. S.n 

Wrtta lorlr»« IllustrataO fold«r •nd prices. 


=- |l4T«nth»t.,Bro«»»l»n,N.Y 


The material and illustrations .on- 
tained in Poultry Possibilities have 
never appeared in any poultry journal. 
This book is really a supplement to 
Everybodys Poultry Magazine and con- 
tains material that would be impossible 
to include in Everybody* regular 
issues. Read Inside Back Cover Page 


".*»WK*«W*i . 



The Carpenter Universal 
Battery Brooder is es- 
pecially adapted to brood- 
ing chicks in any quantity 
from 50 to 50,000 and 
more. It is so efficient, so 
simple and so economical 
that many of our larger 
poultrymen use it exclu- 

It offers that quaiity-plus- 
economy combination 
which enables the poultry- 
man to reduce overhead 
costs and sell more profit- 

Made of seasoned hardwood... 
complete with galvanized metal 
chick guards. .. .feeding and 
watering troughs. . . .wire cloth 
bottoms. . . .removable dropping 
j.ans. . available at 923.00 f. o. 
b. Orange, Va. 

Send for Art Catalog 


5 Madison Rd., Brlghtwood, Va. 


T 16 ilip Acme Em Grading 
Scale for lilKKcr prollu. I . S. 
GoTt.. MO Stale liiitlUi'loiis, 
l>oultry associations all use It. 
M«Je of aliiroltium. DuraMe 
—no sprliiBS or welBhts— iio 
adjusimeiil* Kiact sr«<'.e 
H>i>ears instantly. Money back 

The Specialty Mfg. Co. 

9360 Univtnitv Ave. 
SL Paul, Minnesota 

Quick — Automatle — Aecurat* — E«»ilv R««d 


for your eggs 

Ship your ecgs to the profit- 
able clti- trade In this money mak- 
ing metal r\x crate tliat liaa the 
patente«l pnrtecUHl metal edse flller. 
that eives your ecKi SAFK PBOTB<% 
TIOX. 1*56 the stnrily meUl ege. ciatea 
that stand the uaff i>f many round trip 
shipments. Tlie SUndarJ for tweWe 
years — i.otliing better. Sizes one to fifteen 
I ili.7«i. Write for free circular glTln« low 
prices, parcel post rates, aini personal In- 
structions on how to hiiild up a verr 
^^^ profitable business Sample "d"'*"'.' S*» 
(38 W*lf« St.. FrMl«rick»buri. Va. 










Chicks need the best of care — and 
the best of shelter— if they are to 
Uve. Invest now in a Leola Brooder 
House — and know that you wUl be 
able to raise a greater percentage 
of your chicks than ever before. 


N , .rowdiiig in (lark ^ iners. Tarue 
large windows. Plenty of sunlight 
and fre«h Air. No cold side wsI.f. 
No moisture condensation. Easy to 
hmt. Simple to keep clean. Always 
warm. Well ventilated. Shipped 
knocked down. Write for low pric•e^, 
literature, brooding infi rmation. 

a©( ^ 



Box J-4 




New Hampshire Reds Ta'/ h"a^'t°ypc 

variety bred today. P'oi"<^** ''°" 
accredited flocks. Truly -The Univer- 
sal Breed." Will ship C. O. D. 


Send for large free cataloy. 


WashingtonvUle. Pa. 

Box E 

The trend t.xlay U i«w»r.l > fu«l that will eom- 
bin« en prtMluctlon •billty witl. ni"t «|«»«'t>- 
jer'ry '"hite 01*.-Uf. fill the hill »*tl« thM. *vy 
other varh.y. I-ven whe:, Uu-y .re "" 'o-"^! "^'f"' 
u prolific layers of large «f». they are at a 
premium for rara: In any market. 

FOR THE BREED, wltl. a total 10 hlrd la> of 
2m e«Ks in xf..'. days at the BJ>o<t* I»l»nd «« 
o.nteit IH» TUI.T L.-VY 

CHICKS AND EGGS from i Apne^eA H(«d 
t^t"i K O P. anc^lry. Chick.. iSc. Fel. "uar, . 
VTo ilarrh; 1 c. April. May and J-m^. H.toh.nK 
i"s. $3 per 15. $12 per 100. Write for catah-g 


Slocum, E. I- 


Fifty Years of Poultry Raising 

Continuid from paye 68 

for trouble on this farm," says Neal 
Truslow, "we try to know all about 
it bef6re it points its nose our way. 
We first heard of coccidiosis, six yeant 
ago. We immediately began our study 
of the subject, and have conducted 
considerable research on the proper 
methods to be used in combating it." 
Then he led the way to a small room 
in the incubator cellar. "This is our 
laboratory. Would you be interested 
in viewing some of the coccidia germs 
under the microscope." Of course, I 
was interested, and he set the delicate 
instrument down before me. Made a 
slide from some solution he held in a 
test tube and then placed the slide in 
the microscope. He told me what to 
look for and I could see the oocystjr 
as distinctly as could be. 




-The Ideal Dual-Purpose Fowl 


^^i-L. c_« Rinad Teste) 


r '^^f * ^:ut^r?e:rV*^t.rf h"-^s Z'.. v/ifTnt 

?-.a". n -. r«ra«..e a ,1 IT o a ,.,. request. 


"*'* M..0.1. N Y and Pemaroka. N. T 

^"^ 'j'Zofflc- focUd It Pembroke. N. Y. 

Lihrnil roniuiiKKionn OffrreA Agents. 
\\ r:ir J : mil hod jit. 

recounted a bit of history which has 
been repeating itself from the very 
beginning of time. "Fifty years ago, 
my father, living as a boy in the 
heart of New York City," he said, 
"saw a population increasing by leaps 
and bounds. Who is going to feed 
these people 50 years from now, he 
would frequently ask? Where will 
New York Ci y secure enough food 
to care for its growing millions? What 
is the quickest and most economical 
way to produce it," Eggs in those 
days were selling for 10 and 12 cents 
Chickens were show birds being raised 
and bred to win blue ribbons. But 
young William Tru=low was a 
dreamer. He dove profoundedly and 
exhaustively into a study of the sub- 
ject When he emerged he had the 
answer. He launched his first poultry 
enterprise in 1882. He set about the 
task of translating chickens into 
terms of eggs and poultry meat. 
Truslow Poultry Farm was born. 

Always a Laboratory 

It took courage and real ability to 
keep Truslow Poultry Farm running 
those first few years. There were no 
commercial feed manufacturers. 
There were no nutritional experts. 
There were no experiment stations. 
There were no poultry research la- 
boratories. There was no place to go 
for advice and guidance. But the 
sturdv pioneer, who dreamed of our 
present-dav poultry industry, refused 
to turn back. He made his farm a 
laborator^^ He tested and tried every 
feasible plan. He never stopped 
thinking. He had an inventive turn of 
mind and great ability for dissecting 
ideas to see if they had legs to stand 
on. What followed is a matter of 

Built First Mammoth 
" Truslow Poultry Farm built their 
own incubators. They delved into tem- 
perature control and worked out a 
program for the proper temperature 
st the various stages of the hatch. 
When brooding became a problem 
they solved it with a hot water system 
not unlike the present day type. They 
constructed a shelf brooder to pyra- 
mid chicks as it is done with our 
present-day batteries. Charles A. 
Cyphers collaborated with the Trus- 
low Poultry Farm in erecting the first 
mammoth incubator ever to be at- 
tempted. They have lived to see every 
one of these initial experiments 
develop into popular agencies for tlie 
riising of poultry on a large scale. 
They have contributed their effort, 
their knowledge and the light of their 
experience for 50 years, to the service 
of the industry they pioneered to 

Step Ahead of Trouble 
Truslow Poultry Farm has never 
ceased its vigilance. "We do not wait 

Ideal Conditions 

Importance to the plus values in 
the selection of breeders is directly 
responsible for the success of Truslow 
Chicks I was told. "We maintain a» 
nearly ideal conditions of health and 
sanitation as modern facilities af- 
ford," remarked Neal Truslow. Ob- 
solescence is an evil which is not 
tolerated at Truslow Farm. A new all- 
electric incubator was being installed 
the morning I called there. 

What Future Holds 

What does the future hold for a 
poultry farm which can look back on 
50 years of profitable activity and 
continued growth, was a question I 
put to the pilots of Truslow Farm- 
"Everything", was their answer. "The 
poultry business may change consid- 
erably," advanced Mr. Truslow, "the 
secret of our success in the past has 
been that we were ready at every 
turn to change with the business and 
we never lost faith no matter how 
low the price of eggs and broilers 
dropped." That is the kind of con- 
fidence which has built their success. 
These men do not gauge their wealth 
in dollars and cents. They are nch in 
honest accomplishments. And all of 
the important discoveries which were 
made during their 50 years of prac- 
tical poultry breeding have been un- 
selfishly shared with their fellowmen. 
This farm is still a laboratory. I 
believe it is destined to continue its 
unselfish leadership in testing new 
theories and developing improved 
poultry practices. 

What A. P. A. Does For Poultry 
By II. A. Xoursc 

The American Poultry Association, 
world's largest poultry organization 
and the governing factor in the 
Standard-bred poultry industry, has 
certain well defined obligations to 
that industry. Moreover, it cheerfully 
accepts those obligaUons and whole- 

\/ ^ 

.• # 

• r 




We know Taylor's Leshorns will 
make moaey (or you because they 
do it for ug. Commercial eggs was 
ind is our aim. To accomplish this 
we trapnest over a thousand 
'pullets annually. No males used 
out of dams with records of less 
'than 240. Year by year our flock 
average has been raised. 


bevt We have spent years oonsiantly improrlnc our 
strain Begin now with the »)e»t. Tske advantacv of 
many generations of pedUreed ancestry. It makes bl«f*r 
proflts a oerlslnty. 

Get Free Catalog 

Ask for our catalog— t«tler yet 
Tlslt oiir home of over 4.000 
layer). L<pam about our matlnfs. 
Know why you can erpe^-t better 
results with Taylor's Liefhoms. 
Tou will he Pleased with mod- 
erate prloM. Write 


Taylor Bros., Owners 
Box 582B Ne%rtMra. 

heartedly devotes its resources and 
bends its energies to their fulfillment. 

Beyond doubt its most effective 
contribution to poultry progress has 
' een, and is, the Standard of Per- 
fection, that magnificent volume of 
500 pages wh'ch is the guide of all 
breeders and judges of Standard-bred 
fowls. While it steadfastly holds to 
the established principle that Stand- 
ard quality is the foundation of 
everything worth while, it recognizes 
the demand for profitable productiv- 

Why be satisfied with less when you can start with the jfy ^j^^J J^ latest Standard prOvideS 

for the sensible combination of these 
two qualities. 

In response to the request of many 
breeders and hatcherymen, it recently 
gave to Poultrydom ti»e American 
Poultry A^ociation Certification 
Plan, uniform over all this continent, 
which dependalily fixes the degree of 
Standard quality in breeding pens or 
flocks, and assures h«aUh, vigor and 
productive ability in the fowls cer- 
tified, as wfell as pri)per sanitation in 
their environment. This program has 
been entfciuua.stically received and 
increasing .thousands of fowls are 
being certified each year. Mere and 
more buyers are railing for hatching 
eggs, baby chicks and !• reeding birds 
from A. P. A. Certified stock. 

For the .second year this organiza- 
tion is co-operating with the manage- 
ment of the Storrs (Connecticut) lay- 
ing contest in determining the awards 
in the Harold Barber White Plymouth 
£ock coaopetition for the best all- 
around pen of that variety. Standard 
quality, production, size of eggs, etc., 
considered. If, as seems probable, the 
demand for this form of co-operation 
spreads, tJbe American Poultry Asso- 
ciation is prepared to do its part. 

Ever>' year it makes hundreds of 
poultry shows more attractive to ex- 
hibitors by offering the American 
Poultry Association special prizes, 
including gold medals, bronze medals, 
diplomas and special ribbons. 

While these five lines of endeavor 
do not by any j&eans encompass the 
entire work of this organization they 
are indicative of tiie service that the 
American Poultry Association is ren- 
dering to the industry that annually 
adds more than one billion dollars to 
this nation's wealth. 



We Supply Stock on Credit — 

jrd buy «l you c«n rAiM ef cetli pricei . . 
paying «t Kiqk i $2S 00 aKh . . S«««d lOc 
ior c*talo9 snd contract. 

PO Boi ITIO r>.- 0, '.xAnooWt. C«l 


^s:> J. Hi .- . -.1 r -: ;• (II.A'l I PHI \ 

ROOM "BATH VO ">t> • 

S\-H' - Firt-prcol -Coniirii-'i- i 
' Sfiiitii f/oli' I" /'itinii U /i , 


Fouotains and Feeders 

Price List FREE. 

Aluminum Maraker Works 

Dept. 11. Beaver Falls, Pa. 

■ W -Save I 
H bredtt 

■ nK>ra 
^ Quicke 

capon pr 
jniar aarly 





H<(lwat UtilMy Valaa. tajii" lo "",»' >i"'« "iPJP: 
rorTmore disMue r«wi«t«oce in lYimeX pollrta, 
er»r«wlh. better faathertnc. t]it>r"- broikr. ri«»l*' 
,rufiu with PrimaX r«-k<-rf 1.. Writ, quick for drUil 



At) ae brer.lers of large type leshWTis. 

ijers of large, dialkjr white SCBS. Writo 

.r wir csulot Us ir.-t Chirks fo^Vt.nh. 

M.VRCII. $10—100: $47.50-500: $90—1000. 

JUNImTA poultry farm. Bs« 18. RlchfleW. Pa. 





11 FEET -, 



^rj^-^T^ woM 

y / ^' 



Chlck«.doekUiifa,tnrk»TP«wlta. Brooda 60 to 150. 
- " iTColony Coop all anmnwr. W 

- lats row Corns a WM 
>uso. Enthuaiaatlcall* 

irouanooi in« >jDit«d Stataa-.ttaild >tro»i 

laVSKp be»l«r S4.26. PoatiHud. Clrcutor Free. 

8 toT2Va»kaTColon» Coop all mnuurr. Warm in 

cold»t wwtbVTCoats row iomsa weak to op«r- 

Bta Takaaptoeoof»50Broo*orMoo»o.EnthuaiMtlaUyandor«jd 

bT^r^S^throurtoot th. SS'^B:^ii^C^i,i£!rr', 
aaailr. Simpto ataoa. lamp be»l«r S4.26. •x-J'^f ; ,^.V" i..- 

Le Roy— Sectional Built— Round 

ALL-WOOD Brooder Houses 

Will Make You Money! 

Easily put toRether— only 21 pieces— no nail*— 
"knock-<l«wn" eamomy. 

Woo»l, nature's non-coniluctor, retains even 
temperature — avoids sudden ctisnues dangerous 
til phlrfcs aid ■•nnnvn-ups." Ol'cular-no our- 
nors for fllUi. dlsesse gorms, chills or crowding. 
For Prices, write 
Box 418 Le Roy. New Yort 




i Powerful Gas Tractor for Small Farms, 

Gardeners, Florists. Nuraeriea. Fruit 

Growers and Poultrymen. 

Makes Work Easy with field, 
haying, and truck crop tools. 
■I " a Runs power machinery, 

IIKILSIfnS'W pumps, saws, grinders. 


Poultrymen find the Stand- 
ard with Sinch plow ideal 
for getting inside fences 
end turning over hard 
packed runways. 


Time plan makes it easy] 

to own a Standard. 

Free Catalog 

Write Today for 
Illustrated Catalog. _ 


MiHnwKpolis, MiiM. PhiUdclpliia, Pa. Nmv YorK N. Y. 
4M4 Como Afo, 2433 Chostnut St. 2» Cedar Si 



If tbe cout.ent8 of this issue of Every- 
bodys prove of value and service to you. 
please turn to inside back cover. 


Get More Eggs! 


^y be means of your earning more from 
S!ll.i?^'™N.VeptrE-22PIQUA. OHIO 

These Better 

Chick Feeders 

last a Life'Time 



Height easily adjusted as chicks grow 
U> imllet siie. Feed ws.-ite sven.d 1 y 
renilrtng roll and giisrds of special 
dtsign. Practical arul Eamoinira;. 

Willauer poultrsmmi also Inilld the famous rear 
entrsiicw all mrtal nests, dry msati fee^lers and 
electric waterers. .Send for priivs and literature. 



I am interested in the itf ms checked ; 
n ^Villaue^ Chick Feeders 
Q Willauer Klectric Waierer 

□ Willauer Dry Mash Feeder* 

□ Willauer Rear Entrance Xests 


Town .State 





for exhibition 
for market 
or production 

Our 1931 Chicago show winners 
were bred and developed by us, 
on the 

Hawkeye Turkey Farm ' 

Indianola. Iowa, except two adults, and 
these we gladly offer for sale at a 
barsain price. 

The ChamDion Narraoansett of this show was 
TtJrn,7Z. "Ha'wKING" hy name, and 
Ig a pnuluet of our 1$. pea of 1930. 
The Winner* In the c.ken- »" < P'-'fj 
81 asses are from pons, ""«• ^^i-f Si'L a e 
,"..« ..r our Itn special pens o' If ^; 'i'"„" t 
repreiwtatlve of th» entire '931 crop th*' 
shows gucli marked ImproTtment in «"»»»>• 
tJ ten .poolal P-- for 19.2 are a'™.,y 

?HE c'hICAGO Smfw.^a" her first eg« 
January ".^r*.'^We^«.n snpply jo",,^' Ve^ 
ilbltioii sto(*, or cees or poulte from these 

:,';'';^nfr^*'c*::ft!i.f'.u"r:.«- to .«.. 

maximum fertility. 

HawVey. Turk.y Farm. Indianola. Uwa 

eiRD BROS win again! 

U.;s iK'h blood 01.^ "'T»?M.i,'^« S 

..f foundation 8lo<* <"■ hatclJnB eBK*- 

'wrUe now for cataU* BivlnK prirea 

Bjid fuU desoilpllon of "'»^ 

Tron'e Turkey*. Highest wtnnera 

» at for more than icoro 

of years. 

BIRD BROS. Box J, Meyersdale. P». 

Turkey Department 

-r>Tr OAT5A TynTT 





I We produced and told more t";key» in 

1931 than any other breeder In Maryland. 

:r'or*^.^d'm:Jkln^7. *<ii.r t-J^umlr^ 
Krotod entirely t" ,7^;«^^\„7,^ , 'aSr«n 
"W.'c;:i^'"»">"."'U^Ue.!u at an, Ume 



oTir nistonien haTe won champion in the largr^i 

2^r ml Illustrated catalog now ready, de- 

*7I^r;» .h« J-reJilest line of breeder* we have 
itcrlblne the greaxeM line " exhibition or 



from extra large, highly ^'^^""*„"^t^ 
MBS. G. B. SNELL Dushore. Pa. 


"Turkey Production" 

By L. E. Kline 

A new book covering every 
phase of the turkey industry. A 
book of 301 pages, cloth bound. 
94 instructive illustrations, 
$3.00 postpaid. 

Order from 

EVERTBODYS, Box 286, Hanover, P*. 

February always looms up as the 
decision month of the year for the 
turkey flock. This year, if the fine 
open weather continues, many things 
can be done to help out on the busy 
months ahead. The inventory of what 
"is" and what "ought to be" is very 
often bewildering. 

Flock Size 

May we repeat what we consider 
the foremost turkey ideal? Improve- 
ment in the breeding stock and then 
follow with methods which result in 
quality maturity. If this requires cut- 
ting down on the flock number, do so. 
Indications point to moderately 
priced feed over the spring and sum- 
mer, but even that may not be 
significant for a larger flock, when 
the market end of the project is 
studied. Those who have an estab- 
lished private trade can see a better 
outlet, although they must reckon 
with a buying public who may still 
be driven to thoughtful purchases. 
Let the size of your 1932 turkey flock 
be determined by better turkeys, 
rather than increase in its number. 

Incubation and Brooding 

Artificial incubation and brooding 
have become established facts for 
turkeys. Keeping the turkey hen busy 
at her egg job while the machine 
"sets" and the hover "broods" is 
economical and assures us of a larger 
per cent at market time, according to 
the latest reports of 1931. To the in- 
quiry as to which incubator and 
brooder to buy we can only make a 
general reply. It depends upon your 
location, the fuel question, the size 
of your breeding flock and the amount 
of money you are going to spend. No 
machine can be heralded as the 
"best." Each piece of equipment has 
some special point of favor, but one 
rule applies to all-follow strictly the 
manufacturers rules of operation. He 
has spent a lot of money perfecting 
his products and appreciates all re- 
quests for information. Write him 
about your machine problems. 

fruit crates, is the best I've found, 
if they are to be set on a board floor. 
If they can be made on the ground 
floor of a sheltered wall space, then 
do away with the nest crate, using 
only one for a cover. One year I had 
22 nests filled with nine turkey eggs 
each, under White Rock hens. The 
adjoining runway provided freedom 
for the daily exercise and one meal 
a day, and all I had to do was to 
remove and replace the cover crates. 
Seldom ever any wild sister had to 
be put on her nest, as each made 
their own selection. Recently, I have 
noticed a recommendation for White 
Leghorn capons as foster mothers for 
baby turkeys. I can understand how 
they might be schooled in the art of a 
"He-she" brooder, but don't ever 
make the mistake of trying any 
chicken by the name of Leghorn for 
hatching, although they may do a lot 
of clucking. They haven't the slightest 
notion of when to return to their 
eggs, and hours can be spent every 
day catching them and trying to get 
them settled. I had one summer's 
siege of that in the attempt to hatch 
pheasant eggs. 



Wire Covered Floors 

This is a fine month to build the 
wire floors for the brooder house and 
the sun porches. Remember no solid 
floor is necessary for the sun porches, 
only the heavy wire stretched over 
the frame that supports the sides and 
tops which are of wire, also. Inquiries 
are coming along about cleaning 
underneath the wire. They should be 
built so that they may be removed m 
sections. I visited a Wisconsin farm 
the day 1100 fine young turkeys were 
having their first stroll on solid earth 
at the age of eight to eleven weeks. 
The floors underneath the wire floors 
had been cleaned only every three 
weeks, and being on a slope the 
porches underneath had never been 
cleaned. The cleaning problem is one 


Old Biddy 

SuhHcripHotiH stop at erpiration of 
date paid for. Don't let yours run out. 

Natural incubation is mostly em- 
ployed by those who have only a 
single pen of breeders and it has 
advantages, too. Two items come to 
mind as I think of Old Biddy and her 
thankless task. One is the importance 
of using a good delousing powder and 
the other is building the nests. Long 
straw packed over sod bottomed 

The irire covcrrd and irire floored 
brooder houxe and porehes on the farm 
of George A. Jeffreys. Caleium, A. 1. 

Again International Champions 

Under even stronger competition 
than in 1930 


•win at the Great International Turkey 
Show, Chicago, Dec. 1-6, 1931, the 
Largest and Best Quality Turkey Show 
ever staged — Five firsts, five seconds, 
five thirds, and four fourths, Grand 
Champion, First Master Breeder's Dis- 
play, and many other Special Awards. 

We ship anywhere to any climate. 
Several thousand selected breeders of 
the same breeding as these International 
winners at reasonable iirices you can 
afford to pay. 98% livability proves their 
vitality. We sell hundreds of birds to a 
customer. Get our prices oa large lots. 

Best ezhlbitioa Wrds 
described and priced 
upon request, New 
fall folder. 


3rd Old Urn O^lcaoo Box S7, Planada, Calif. 

Last Yearns Customers 



RiC Tunw. litse laudiod 20 u> 2'J 

11.4,. St.S«-. 12 U) 14 lb. Young 

lieos. faJ«T. $*.«). Black Gia/it 

U«in mod I'uUcts. $1.75. 

WhiW aJiwJ Harred Rock 

H<™t<i and Laying Pullet'^, 

t$t.Sa. R. I. Reds. Black 

OumU. WTilte and Barred 

BtKft Cooks or Cockerels, fancy, 

$3.M aadk: ^xr very t>est. $5.00. 

- J thir RantaiBa, Great Pets for the 

■^^^am^ ^ ''-'~» Ktddtefi. wUr, S'J.OO. Turkey book. 

„.„ to raise tiwoi, 25o o,iu or stamps^ Free Catalog. 

EATON tEBHORH F»«W. •owllaf Green. Ky. 

I want information— 

from the followlnc flnwi wboae advertisement I bave 
aei-n in this ur r*OBiil •ht«i»cs of KVKllYltOD^S. I 
un«lerrtjUKl tlat >oii will scud on llils mupoii to tl^v 
fli-nn I liavt- najood anil (,tituin the Information 1 waul 
In Uie shortest ix>tttiil>le time 

Name of .\dvi-.-t;!ifT . 

Send lu.'ttnaaiiou *dj«rUiied in Ewiy'.wdya I'oult.y Mai 

My Name 

Strei-t or K. V. 1*. 
Town and State 

Name of .Vdtenistr : 

8mu1 |--.f "— 'W. advorUicd in Eieryiiodjs Poultrj- Ma.; 

My Name 

«rert or XL V. V. 

TuMn ami State 

A year ago we predicted that the 
Shenandoah Brooderette would be a 
real "Poultry Hit". Many of the cus- 
tomers who purchased last year have 
ordered more units, proving that the 
Brooderette has done everything 
claimed for it. At the Pennsylvania 
Farm Show hundreds of poultrymen 
evidenced the greatest interest, and 
gratifying numbers placed orders 
right on the spot. 

Before you buy any brooding 
equipment, be sure to write for com- 
plete data on the Brooderette. There 
is no equipment on the market 
which can offer you the same dollars 
and cents advantages. Here are just 
a few of them: Warm and cool com- 
partments in each deck — forced 
ventilation with automatic humidi- 
fier — individual heat and ventilation 
control in each deck — WASTE 

PROOF feeders adjustable to size of chicks 
— automatic waterers — furnished with elec- 
tric, gas, or kerosene heating equipment. 
Wise poultrymen today are investing only in 
equiimient that will quickly pay for itself. 
This product will. Do your judgment aiid 
I.ocketbook credit by learning all about it. 
Writt> us today. 

Name of .\dvertl»er: • • ■ • 

t*eiid Information ulrertl^ed In B»iery»>ody» Poultry Matf. 

My Name 

Street or U. K. I 
Town and Slate 

Namu of -Vdvertlsi-r: 

^nd InrormaMon adverUsed In ETorybody* Poultry Mas 

My Name 

Street or R. K. V. 
Town and Slate . 

Send me your folder, "Better than a Battery. 





City (or County) •tatt i 

^^m^^^^ MAM UFACYtllUNr. 

2-L Edom Road, Harrisonburg, Va. 



AU Poople 

All Places 


All Purposes 

Pleaso turn to inside back cover. 

of personal preference as the con- 
ditions never seem twice the same. 
Three problems are settled by the 
wire floor method; clean quarters, 
clean feed and clean runways. 


Such lovely weather all over the 
fall and early winter in our part of 
Pennsylvania, that without a doubt 
we may expect some winds and rain 
before the green gets back on the 
trees. This brings another caution. On 
dark dreary days, some turkeys 
always loaf around under the roosts, 
just a pet loafer or two. If the drop- 
pings are wire-covered all trouble of 
this sort is over. Wide me?hed wire 
tacked 12 or 18 inches from the floor 
level, will postpone all necessary 
cleaning before the spring house- 
cleaning and prevent any infection 
from being scattered. 

Every Egg 

Are your turkey breeders enclosed 
so that account can be made for 
every Qf^s produced? The turkey is 
sly and loves to hide her nest so that 
the caretaker very ofter misses some 
of the eggs until they are chilled or 
carried off by some prowler or mem- 
ber of the big bird family. Wire fenc- 
ing needed later in the season could 
be pressed into service right now for 
the breeders enclosure. Wire of a fair 
grade and the iron posts, if given 
proper care will last for many yean 
and be in constant use. 


from the 



To the Tancred Strain, we hare added the qualit lea 
that make Uio SMlbEV-TANCBED STRAIN Bltf. 
Husky, sturdy binls. .Northern Crown. Layma ini- 
uaually large ecgs In gurprisUig quantlUea. "J»J'''7» 
averaged ^62 tt»;» 24 oa. to the doeeii as puUeta in 
ofHcial corlests laH year. ..,.„, ■.«. „4 riM' 

Our Big Ktis Clicks carry many generation* of 500 
Mood «.d ate guaranteed to life 14 days and pay 
yiTbeUor others. At .v.r new l"^,P^*:!«i. >"." 
will nnd nothing closely approaching SMILKY -T.V>- 
CBEl" chicks to- all arotind profit and satisfaction. 
Let us^hSp you to Hiooes«. as wo have » many 
others. Write u.* fully alnxit your pn>lilein.t. Ooliig out 
of mir way to help others has built tills busliess 
«nd wo are ajixloua to help every earnest poul- 
try keener seeklnK real suiwa*. ii.*;*. .pw^ ''*J" 
•free, giving only facts al'out the World « Oreat- 
- est Pront and Pleasure paying StraJ:i 


strictly a Breeding 

R. F. 0. E'S. JackMD. Mich. 


Battery Brooding 


who has been for years tlif world's 
outstanding authority on batt.Tv brood- 
ing. This is the <>nly book t!iat dis- 
cusses fully the new intensive method 
of raising poultry. It st:irt>' where tie 
hatchery loaves off — with the day old 
(hick— and ends with the finished P'o- 
diut — cockerels for market and iiull.f.- 
for the layinir fl u-k. 

It presents the whole subject, ster 
by step, and explains all undoilyinc 
lirinciples.In short, it i overs the wlioU- 
tfiound in the easily under-to.xl man 
ner of the nractical man wbo wroti 
it. Mr. Arndt is perhaps better fitted 
t> write a book such as this than any 
other man in the country. F'llly illus 
trated and beautifully bound in 
fabriki id cover. PRICE $2.00. 

Send today to: 



Classified Advertisements 

Cash With Order Rates: 

15c » word for one montli 
25c a word for two months 
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56c a word for five months 


fl.OO an agate line per 


Write ad copy in this blank, plainly. Count each initial and 
figure as a word, and remit in full for the time ad is to run. No 
insertion will be made unless cash is received with order. Copy 
must reach us by the 18th of month preceding date of issue. In 
changing or renewing your ad, state under what heading it is 
inserted. Change of copy allowed every three months. 
Closing Date: 18th of month preceding date of issue. 

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Please Fill In 


Classified Ad Dept. 

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TMtod. Production bred matinga Beautifully 

mottled. Stock, chicks. »««• Catalog f re* 

Nichor. Poultry Farm, B<« K. Monmouth. 

marked, healthy, large Lay big eggs^ Pay 
real money. Stock. Chicks. Eggs Catalog free. 
N?chor. PoulUy Farm. Box Y. Monmouth. 

Illi nota. — 

' AMERICAN ANCONAS. breeaers tested. 
utra large, exceptional matings. Free catalog, 
"w pricL American Ancon a Farms. Ur^am- 

^'*ANOmiA PULLETS. Hatching Egg^.Cer. 
Ufied Baby Chicks. Catalog free. Mary Maude 

F arms. Box 118. Portland. Ind. 80bm 

"^LKWALLEN'S "Leading" exhibition egg 
•train 8. C. Anconas are Pro^t °»»"'"" ,/^' 
SSueUre booklet free. Worth M. Lewallen 

Hi«h Point. N C. . . 21 

POST'S "Super" Anconas both combs. 
Originator of the big type large egg strain. 
Offlcially proven supreme 191.8 to date $7.55 
net profit per pen. Gome direct to Ancona 
keadauarters. Get our new low prices on eggs. 
;^c*&!'.tock Caulog free. PosU Anc^na^ 

OnU no^ilU. in. . 

' ANOONA BABY CHICKS. ExhibiUon and 
•gg straia ecmbined. Bloodtested. B. F 
Rirketts. Box K Zanesville. Ohio. 80 

- AiH>ALtT8lX»S 

—BLUBl^NDALDSIAN Chicks. Eggs. Stock. 
Beautifully marked. Iowa accredited. Ouar- 
KJ^ to live. Murray McMurray Hatc»»ery^ 
W^r48. WebRter City. low *^ 81bM° 


Eggs, chicks, pullet, at rea.sonab e prices^ 
ofboVne Farms. Box 17. Holland. Muh. tfbam 
'■ CARVER'S FAMOUS Laying Australorps, 
first winners Madison Square Garden. New 
book 10 cents. Illustrated. By A. A. Carver 

Burlington. Wisconsin. ^ 5r 

■" WHITK AUSTRALORPS. Circulars. >yood- 
•ide g^rma^ Imp orters. Neenah. Wisconsin. 80 
""AUSTBAliORP Hatching Eggs $2 per 15^ 
$7 p er 10(>. H enryJiij hgrg. East Moline. 111.79 
tS.OO. R . Bordne r Massillon. O. 79 


WORLD CHAMPION chicks by Baker, one 
of America's oldest breeder hatcherymen. 
International winners for egg laying and ex- 
hibition Free instruction book valuable to 
YOU will pay you well. Write for your copy 
lodar C B. Baker. Box E. Abilene. Kan. 79b 

Harb Strain Barred Btw-ka U'er 2D32), 
Owens Strain K. 1 B«^l». Whitr Wyan- 
doUaa anii WhiUt R<)ck». lUack Minorca^. 
Heavy and Ucbt Btlxed. .^pnoal Prices for 19:^2. 
Write for cauioc. Mayle Lawn Peuitry Farms, Mc- 
AllstTvllla. Pa. 

best. 18 profitable breeds. Backed by years 
of breeding and best blood lines. Tested. 
Large catalog free. Ntchol's Poultry Farm, 
Box K. Monmouth. III. 8l)bam 

from great, big, heavyweight Plymouth Rock, 
Red. and ten pound Jeraey Black and White 
Giant — Light Br»hm» breeders, Wyandottes. 
Orpingtons. Extra quality, plump, fat. market 
chicks. Guaranteed toll ve. vigorous, healthy. 
Make you the moat profit. Quick delivery. 
Generous discount. Taloable broiler raising 
suggestions. Mention variety you like beat. 
Farm Service. Rt. 5. Tyrone. Penna. 80bam 

17 VARIETIES of Baby Chicks. With con- 
sistent bloodtesting and rigid culling we 
guarantee you the most your dollar will buy. 
Many report our heavy breeds laying under 
five months old. light breed* under four, one 
pound broilers at four weeks. Write for cata- 
logue, it is beautifully illustrated and gives 
full details. Atz's Blue Mound Hatcheries. 
Milltown, Ind. tfbm 

REGAL DORCAS ^Vhite Wyandotte Chicks. 
Breeders tested. 258 egg record. Ledger 
Contest. Low prices, free catalog. Keiser's 
White Acres. Grampian. Pa. 83bam 

NEW CHICK BOOK FREE. A perfect gold- 
mine of useful information. A splendid book 
that tells how to raise strong, healthy chicks. 
Thoroughly discusses methods, brooding, feed- 
ing ingredients, vitamins, minerals, drinking 
water, etc. Also gives full details how to 
guard against disease and insure profits. A 
complete book no poultryman can afford to 
be without. Advise how many chicks you 
intend to raise and we will send book free. 
Address Box 1422, Dept. K, Philadelphia, 
Pi^ 80bam 

ROCKS, REDS. White Leghorns, chicks. 
eggs. E. E. Mundew. Gleuster. Ohio. 7» 

CHAMPION CraCKS shipped C. O. D. t 
new low prices. Ten proven stratus. Send 
for new color plate catalog. Shows Champiuo 
fowls in natural colors. Full of help on 
raising and growing chicks. We service each 
shipment of chicks to- maturity. Write Car- 
ter's CTiickery. Box 21. Eldoradoy III. 8 1b— a 

100 CHICKS, 16.95, Hayea Supreme White 
Leghorn egg producers. Postpaid alive. Twenty 
other varieties low priced. Eleven hatcheries. 
Twelve years experience. 3s 000, 000 per 
season. Custotners 43 states. Catalog free. 
Hayea Bros. Hatchery, Decatur. 111. 8ib* m 

BABY CHICKS. Ohio Accredited. Best 
pure bred stock. Leading breeda. Personally 
inspected and carefully supervised. Livability 
guaranteed. If you want best quality chicks 
which have had more thaa osual attention, 
write to me. Paul Grose. Box 558. Sunbeam 
Hatchery, Findlay. Ohio. -S'lbam 


will ship C O. D. 25 SO IW 5M 1000 

Bar, Wh. A Buff Ply. Rka. $2.7S $S.2S SIO $4S.7S S9S 
R. I. Reds & Wh. Wyandottes 2.75 5.» 10 4«.75 95 

Heavy Mixed 2.54 4.75 9 43.75 85 

8. C. W. Leg. Hollywood «lr. £M 4.75 9 43.75 85 
a C. Ilrown A Bl. Lechoms 2J* 4 75 9 43.75 85 
8. C. MoUled Anconas 2.5» 4.75 9 43.75 85 

Write for catali>ii and ipedal offer. B^ laying »tralns. 
ULSH POULTRY FARM, Bn E. Pert Trwsrtoa. Pa. 

BLOODTESTED aex link chicks 100%. 
pulIeU or cockerels. Bnena Vista Hatchery. 
ChwKtpr, Illinois. 79 

NOTHING BUT highest quality chicks are 
produced in our new All-Electric Smith 
machines. Heat and moisture are always 
right; therefore stronger chicks, bigger 
hatches and lower priced chicks. Barred, Buff 
Rocks. S. C. and R. C Reds $8.50; White 
Rocks. White. Columbian and Silver Laced 
Wyandottes $8.50; English Strain White Leg- 
horns, also Buff and Brown Leghorns $7.50; 
Heavy Mixed $7.00; Assorted $.5.00. Prompt 
shipment guaranteed. Salem Hatchery. Box 
90, Salem. Indiana. 79 

E. E. Mundew, (ilouster. Ohio. 80 

2.000.000 CHICKS AN- 
NUALLY, 40 breeds, bred 

by spedaUst*. Greatest ___^_^^_ 

BIO en laying drains. Pedleree bred. Tested, disease 
free fVuaranteod to Uve 14 daya Post paid. Live 
fcrrlval cuaranteed. A hat* erery week all year LIOHT 
BREEDS Tc and np. HEAVIES 9c and up OFT OTTR 
the BEST In your oommuntty, try Nabob'a Cataloc 
free TOhiii 

NABOB POULTRY FARMS, Bex 42. eamblsr. Obia 


*t««*C< GOOD LUCK CHICKS bring 

^ Mm^ prosperity. Customer reports in- 
come $5.20 per hen. Other mat- 
ings lay 230 eggs flock average. 
Biggest dividend-paying crop to 
farmers. Now hatching 20 high- 
producing, well-bred varieties, 

closely culled and inspected. Before ordering. 

send for free beautiful color pictures of our 

birds and low prices. Livability guarantee. 

Neuhauser Hatcheries, Napoloon. Ohio. 79bam 


/ » 






1 000.000 CHICKS this season. 25 breeda. 
a hatch each week year round. Established 
1910 Price very reasonable, by prepaid par- 
..«! lioet Safe arrival. Guaranteed catalogue 
f ^'^^hn Gefger Hatchery . ChaLftehLOhHLlg 
" QUALITY CHICKS. ^White Lejho"i%^;^: 
Barred Rocks. Reds. Whit^ ^.y*",lf"!!f \"o6 
Heavy Mixed 9c. Reduction in lots of 500 
ilfd^OOO. Plum Creek Poultry Farm. Sun^ 
bury. Pa. . — -i^ 

"SNAPS for Bargain Seekers" in 17 va- 
rieties of Baby Chicks. Why not write for free 
circular. Atz's Hatchery. Milltown, Ind. tfbm 


The Large type, winter laying 
strain. Send order.s now for 
February and March. $10-100; 

$47.50-500; $90-1000. 

Hirflyweod LBOhwii Farm. Box IB. Rlehfleld. Pa. 

BABV CHICKS. Ohio Accredited leading 

varieties. Prices right, quality right. Write 

for literature. Modern Hatchery. Box E. Mt. 

Blanchard. Ohio. _5i 

HEALTHY CHICKS Injured Against Loss. 
Guaranteed more PK>fi»*i>'e- J?" j^-^^" .^*"f?: 
White. Buff Rocks; Reds; »"« On'|n«^°?f • 
White^ Silver Laced Wyandottes $9.50. White. 
Brow^. Black, and Buff Leghorns ; Ancoaas; 
Heavy Mixed $8.50. Catalogue free. Mt^ 
H«ftthv_HaU heries. Mt. Healthy. Ohio. 7i^ 

' PRICfcTT CHICKS from tho finest, health- 
iest and best personally supervised flocks. 
Mated to record males. Set only large eggs 
They're healthy, easily raised, lay .'^e''- A" 
popular breeds. Catalog free. Price's Uatch- 

^v, Rl. Telford. Pa. li 

" MARYLAND STATE CERTlFltD officially 
blc^tested pedigreed males. NMute LeRho™*- 
Barred Rocks. Large type heavy layers Book- 
let free. HaveB Hatchery, Thurm ont, Md. 7tf 

LOOK— MARTIN'S First Q"»'i»y . <^'''^'^,!; 
Leghorns. Anconas. 6^c. Barred. White. Butf 
Rocks, Reds, Wyandottes^. O'Pingtons 8c^ 
Minoroas. 10c Brahmas. ^Ol^^'u.^^c. Heavj^ 
mixed. 7c. Light mixed. 5V4c. 100% '»*« i*^ 
livery Postpaid. None better if you do pay 
Tnr/ Martik's Hatchery. M t. Victory. O. 79 

not a gamble. 20 years experience poultry 
C?eedin| insurea supreme nuality. Every bird 
carefully culled, bloodtested. properly mated. 
All iwding brwds. Guaranteed delivery Post 
paid. Get our new low prices. Johnson Poultry 
f-arm k Hatcheries. B ox D, Linton. Ind 81 


B,^-'*^ s^.,^?V;ia.r"KnriL"*^'^v?bt;^i:^^^^ 

nlS^ec? cril led by Lloyd Baker. Stale College p^u- 
ST^Sflle I'tnla u»ed'of P*iipree Bre«Ung. Wort 

flrdertng Chi** e^t our F";» ' •'''"'ar.-eastle. Pa- 
|_ R Waick Hattherl— . Da>t- ^- a r— wcanw. «--? 

CHICKS. Large »»r'«Sr^^^j!f Tin! 
Mahood Reds. Bargain. E. W. Evan*. Vin^ 

cennes, Ind. . __ 

— row PRICES for thoroughbred chicks. 
R^WhiteT Barred, Buff Ro»ks and Wyan 
Jottes V^^c^ro.-n, Buff, -^"j^'^'L^'^tllt^r^k 
Anconas. also heavy mix^ *?o ^W«w sIlU- 
4 He. Economy HaUhery. Box 73, New Salu^ 

bur y, Ind. . — 

lO^^^gu'STn'SeS'trml f?;;VatlK-16 
JSer"icId reasonable Fred B*ckmann. 

57D, G rand Rapids. Mich. — t 

- CHfCKS THAT OR()W. Barrea Ro*- Le|- 
i.<>rn. Reds Wyandottes, Giants, catalog. 
Sric"-. Write noJ. Elden M. Oooley. French- 
town, New Jersey. "''*'° 

^hicka- scientifically hatched; de?>rea»iQn 
pr cS:.- Get"^ lit/rature before you buy^ 

^erncliff Hatchery, Taswell, Ind. lȣm 

"CHICKS— Rocks. Reds. Wyandottes and 
T^ehornr lor^ discount on orders placed 
Kv^eeks in advance. Priced ri^' Circular 
free w^ .t n^nton Hatchery, De nton. Md83bm 

aTARTFD & BABY CHICKS Ac ( r ed 1 1 ed , 

brocidtr^Js^^. Cafalog. Ludlow Hatchery. 

liudlow. I llinois. 

60 000 CHICKS weekly. Chicks 
for broilers or layers. )^ « . /•.»° 
furnish Barred, Buff and \N hiU; 
Rocks. Reds (both combs). W h>t«. 
Columbian A Silver Laced Wyan- 
-*..^^ dottea. (Eng. or Tancred) Strain 
■White Leghorns, Anconas, Brown Leghorns 
and (Davis Strain) Buff Leghorns. Bargain 
prices on assorted lots. Prices of our chicks 
•re in line with price of eggs. Write for cata- 
log, prices and additional information. Davis 

Poultry Farm, Rt. 13. Ram.-<ey. Ind. 79 

DUBOIS COUNTY Quality Tested Chicks. 
Barred Rocks 8»4c: Rhode Island Reds 8c; 
White and Buff Leghorns 7M(c; NShite Rocks 
and White Wyandottes 8c; Heavy mixed 7c; 
»M8orted 5c. We ship C. O. D. Guarantee 
1009c live delivery. Dubois County Hatchery. 
R. 8. Huntingburg. Ind. 79bm 

WHY BUY ORDINARY Chicks vvhen you 
can get our famous bloodtested breeds at the 
same price or even less 1 Even the keen ex- 
perts of four departments of the U. S. tjov. 
ernment have purcha.sed chick.s from us. Our 
chicks from tho famous Tancred, \\ yckoff, 
Fishel, Thompson. Holterman, and other 
bloodlines. Price per !«•>:, White Buff, 
Brown Leghorns, Anconas, f6-75 : f ^rrea. 
White Ro..k8, S. C. R. I. R*ds, $7.75; Buff 
Rocks, White, Buff Orpingtons. White. S. L. 
Wyandottes, $9.00. As.sorted, no cripples^ 
$4.50. Heavy. $6.75. Nottiing better to start 
or rebuild a profitable flock, nothing better 
for even broilers, because these famous breeds 
grow larger, mature quicker, and .'*>'. Better- 
Immediate shipment. 100% P'-'^l^'^ ^':[f^,l|" 
livery. Write for our free co^or P»»t»/«^*'f«: 
Thornwood Poultry Yards. Box l^O-A, Cran^ 

dall, Indiana. . . 

^TeERLESS CHICKS — Immediate ship- 
ments. Wliite, Brown, Buff Leghorns^ Heav> 
Assorted $7.50. Anconas, Reds, Barred Kocks. 
«8 50 White, Black Minorcas. Orpingtons. 
??yandoUes Whitlf Rocks. $900 Order direct 
from ad Send $1.00 per hujidred. balance 
from aa. se ^ ^^^^^ jj delivery. 

Peeriess Poultry Farm. Box 11-K, M^cico. 

Mo. . 

— CHERRY HILL White Leghorn Chicks are 
hatched from our direct Wyckoff breeders. 
Th^ are truly larger, more 'iKor<>"«' ^'«,?" 
pro^table producers of large white she ed 
eggs than you will find elsewhere at such 
^Hson^le prices. Circular free. Cherry HiU 
Poultrv Farm, Wm. Nace, Prop.. Box -. 

McAlisterville. Pa. ti2*S? 

■ BABY CHICKS— $8 per 100 up. Thousands 
hatching. Fourteen breeds. Sent collect Post^ 
paid. Live delivery. Prompt shipment^ °\,Jl 
chicks priced ac.«>rding to age Send for 
folder. Schoenbom's Hatchery. 333 Main St^ 
Hackensack. N. J- .^^^^^_ 

the genuine old time Hankiu's Strain LigBt 
Bnahmas. Forty years breeding back of them 
for mammoth size, true color and heavy win- 
ter egg production. Capons fatten easily; 
bring you three to four dollars each holiday 
market. Beautiful Brahma catalog in natural 
color free. Farm Service. Route M96. Tyrone. 

Penna. '^^^'^ 

LIGHT BRAHMA Cockerels. Arthur Wol- 
ber, Cardington, Ohio^ ^»* 


COOPER'S Mammoth Buff Cochins. Bigger 
and better than ever. Hatching eggs. Catalog. 
Stamps appreciated. Morton Cooper. Lansdale. 
Pa. °i 

STOCK and EGGS from Madison Square 
Garden winners. Circular free. W. W. Hep- 
burn, Pe nnington, N. J. "*, 


PARTRIDGE COCHIN eggs 30, $3.00; 100. 
$7.00 prepaid. Brownsville Poultry Farm 
Norria Ci tv. 111. ^^ 


WHITE CORNISH Cockerels reasonable 
L. J. Smith, Deep Ru:er, Connecticut. 79 


breeds. 18K strain. Catalogue free. Box 20 
Taylor Hatcheries. Shelby ville. Illinois. HI 
Stock. Low. blocky type. Reasonable prices. 
Iowa accredited. Guaranteed to live Murray 
McMurnay Hatchery, Box 47. W*'*'*%X'ty. 

Iow a. . — ' 



In acknowledgement of a 
classified advertising order from 
a poultry raiser who for seven 
years without interruption has 
used Everybodys, we asked this 
•♦regular" just how these little 
ads had paid. Here in part is his 
reply, "Yes I have been regular 
in Everybodys for the very good 
reason that your paper has paid 
me better than any other medi- 
um I have ever used. Mine is 
not a large business. I mate up 
a limited number of hens but 
they are extra good. Everybodys 
brings me inquiries that nine 
times out of ten turn out to be 
customers that come back year 
after year. Naturally when we 
think of advertising we think of 

PAGE 106 

JERSEY BLACK GIANT Chicks hatched 
from ten pound two and three year old breed 
ing birds, always bring a premium price for 
you as heavy roasters and twelve to fourtw 
pound capons. Big. fat, rich, yellow skinned 
chicken dinners. $25 for 100. Pull information 
Free. Farm Service. Route NIOO. Tyrone. 
P« nn> '^Ob»n» 


bright Bantams. Also Speckled Sussex Ban 
S Of excellent quality. G. H. Hubbard. 
Ix>ck Have n. P» _ ' ' 

Tested. Mammoth type. High P0>«^"^ »y".«; 
Stock, chicks, eggs Catalog |«»- N"=bol" 
Poultry Farm. Box K. Monmouth. III. 80bam 

GIANT BRAHMAS. real quality, breeders 
tested, two matings, low P"ces chicks, eggs, 
catalog. Write Giant Brahma Farms, Gram- 
pian. Pa. 


Giant stock. Hardy, easy to raise. Laf >n 
zero weather. Stock, Chicks, EkK^. -Catalog 

''^.H^'V-lKois ""'"'"^ 80^»^ 
mouth. Illinois. ^ ___ 

HANKINS Famous Light Brahmas. Chicks, 
eggs. Redu.ed prices. Free catalog. >^. H^ 
Hankins. Strafford, Missouri. Lr 

LIGHT BRAHMA Pullets hatching eggs, 
certified baby chicks. Catalog free Mary 
Maude Farm^. B x 118, P ortland, Ind. 80bm 

LIGHT BRAHMA Cockerels $4.00. Woo<r 
ford Farm. Madisonville. Ohio. 

WIN $1000.00 — Buy our Giants, Marcy 
Farm Strains Permit 197. Highest quality 
chicks (White and Black). Free chicks, big 
discounts, buy your 1932 chicks now. save 
money. Beautiful cockerels, pullete, tnos. 
i>ens. Descriptive literature. The Maples Giaut 

Farms. Box 1835. Pittsfield. Illinois. 79 

WHITE GIANT CHICKS Hatched from ten 
pound two and three year old breeding blrda. 
always bring a premium price for you aa 
heavy roasters and twelve to fourteen pound 
capons. Big. fat. rich yellow skinned chicken 
dinners. Hens lay large brown eK8». „«''.'» 
winter records equal to Leghorns. Fifty White 
Giant chicks $15. Folder free. Farm Service, 

Route S173. Tyrone. Penna. '^""am 

BUY WHITE GIANT Eggs and Chicks 
from flock holding all Official Egg Conteat 
records for breed. Circular on request. Jay- 

beegee Poultry Farm. Slocum. R. I. 79 

Highest quality. True Giant size. Wonderful 
money makers. Cockerels weigh 12 pounds at 
7 months. Unlimited demand for eggs and 
stock Iowa State Accredited. Guaranteed to 
live Prioes reasonable. Murray McMurray 
Hatchery, Box 46, City, Iowa.81bam 
MARCY Farm Permit 280. White GianU. 
Black Giants. 30 breeds. 18K strain. Catalog 
free. Box 20. Taylor Hatcheries. Shelbyville. 

Illinois. 1± 

low. Catalogue free. Gosheo Poultry Farms. 

Goshen, Indiana. ^ 

JERSEY WHITE GIANTS Eggs $2 setting 

$10 — 100. Marie Welker, Oblong. III. 79 

CHAMPION MAROY Strain. Eggs, chicka. 

Cheap. V. Moore. Beth any. Mo. !» 

WHITE GIANTsTBlack O**"*";, '^"* HI 
norcas. Chicks, eggs. Thomas Poultry Farm. 
Pleasa nton. Kansas. 

giant size, from pure stock, not crossed. Good 
Kyers if big eggs. Excellent broilers, roastw. 
and premium capons. Husky healthy churk.s. 
Triple guaranteed— <iuality. Delivery, L>vabil- 
"7. Supply limited. Alys Johnston, ^PoK 


- FIGHTING COCKS, 'Win or D;«".^«» 

$3. on for It Circular free. S. M. >VTii^. 

Kevte.sville. Mo. — = 


,hans Tested. Mammoth s.ze^ Pure white. 
High power layers. Stock, chicks, eggs. Cata 

"« ''n. ^\f °''' """ ' 80bam 

Monmouth, III. 



WORLD FAMOUS White Langshans. Real 
type, pure color. Hardy winter layers. Stock, 
Chicks, Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry 
Farm, Box Y, Monmout h, Illinois. ^2 .-T 




orders. Wyugarden's Hollywood WhUe Leg- 
horns, pedigree sired. Large birds producing 
big white eggs. Customers report high laying 
records. Also Barred Hocks. Write for prices 
and free Catalog. Wyngarden Farms & 
Hatchery. Box N2, Zeeland, Mich. 78 

Chicks. My White Leghorn Chicks come from 
1500 breeding hens, large type, blood tested. 
Official trapnest records 200-307 eggs, aver- 
aging 26 ounces per dozen. Folder free. Carey 
Farms, Agosta, Ohio. t*lt>'" 

WORLD FAMOUS White Leghorns. Big 
type, larger, whiter eggs. From National 
contest winners. Our stock laid 6996 eggs in 
December for Walter Miller, Illinois farmer. 
Edwin Caryle, Wisconsin, averaged over 200 
eggs a year with our birds. Stock, Chicks, 
Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, 
Box Y, Monmouth. Illinois. SOham 

horns. Tested. Exhibition and production 
bred stock. Long distance layers, large white 
eggs. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. 
Michol'B Poultry Farm, Box K, Monmouth, 
jj) 80bam 

O. 0. D. Leading heavy laying strains. New 
low prices. Free color plate catalog shows 
them in natural colors. Full of information. 
My customers report big profits with Cham- 
pion Leghorns. Write. Carter's Chickery, 

Box 21. Eldorado. Illinois. S^bam 

WE BREED the Barron Strain, 
big type Leghorns; just imported 
cockerels from Barron's best con- 
test winning hens. Our stock large 
type one hundred per cent Barron 
blood. Chicks, eggs, bloodtested 
stock. Circular free. Crystal 
White Farms. Inc., Box 1709-5, 

Atlanta. Georgia. 82bm 

BIO ENGLISH White Leghorn chicks from 
free range, two and three year old breeders. 
Livability guaranteed. Morris Poultry Farm, 

Bishopville. Md. 79 

hatched. Hatching eggs. Write. Edgewood 

Farms. Needmore. Pa. ^ 

TOM COCHRAN TANCRED big egg strain 
White Leghorns. Chicks 100 — f 12.00 prepaid. 
Egga $6.00. R. S. Harker, Hidalgo. 111. 80 

from my largo-type, heavy-laying, utility 
stock. Inspection invited. Write for details. 

G. A. Sachs. Gettysburg, Pa. 79 

BIO ENGLISH White Leghorn pullets, 
hatching eggs, certified baby chirks. Catalog 
free Mary Maude Farms. Box 118, Portland, 

Ind. 80bm 

•nte<>d to live and lay heavily for you. 
Hatched from heavy winter egg record stock 
of Canadian. Hollywood. Tancred. Barron 
English breeding, two and three year old 
tested hens laying 24 ounce per dozen pure 
white eggs. Rugged health, vigor, and vitality. 
Get the great, big, heavyweight Leghorns 
from five and six pound hens. Handsome 
catalog in natural color free. Big discounts 
this month. Farm Service, Route A33, Tyrone, 

Penna. '^^t>*"' 

KAHLERS Big Egg Tancred Leghorns. 
Every breeder on our farm. Trapnest pedi- 
greed four generations over 250. Contest 
proven. Bloodtested. Special matings. Early 
ordering discount. Kahler's Shadylawn Farm, 

Box 100. Hughosville. Penna. 79bam 

HEAVYWEIGHT White Leghorns. Rocks 
and Wyandottes. A limited number of excel)- 
tionally good chicks $10.00 per hundred. I 
ship a O. D. Paul Dougherty. D30. Tyrone. 

Pa 12. 

LARGE EGG STRAIN, trapnested, records 
200-337. Chicks 10 cents. Pedigreed, higher. 
Shadycrest Poultry Farm, R-6, Chillicothe. 

Ohio. 12 

production bred stock mated to official 200 
to 300 eeg sires. Half price replacement guar- 
antee. Catalogue free. Daniels Poultry Farm, 

So. New Berlin, N. Y. §0 

TANCRED Big Type Pedigreed Cockerels. 
Records 254-312. Free range. Vigorous 12.50 
$5 no each. Shipped on approval. Satisfaction 
guaranteed. Also chicks. Battlefield Poultry 

Farms. Gettysburg. Pa. 80 

LARGE H.ATCHING EGOS at reasonable 
prices from our Imperial Tancred Leghorns. 
Our ImT>erial Queen laid 356 eggs. All birds 
trapnested. Two hundred our minimum. D. D 
Davidson, South Point, Ohio. 79 


PURE TANCRED Leghorns. Big 5 pound 
hens, 26-30 ounce eggs, 300-330 egg stock. 
Every bird trapnested. Real commercial lay- 
ers. Contest winners. Large production— low- 
prices. 44 page catalog free. Leghorn Land. 
Hopkinton, Iowa. IQhva 

TRY SOME CHICKS from my own flock of 
large size, lopped-comb, Bloodtested Holly- 
wood White Leghorn hens that weigh 5*^-7^ 
lbs. These are mated to Approved R. O. P. 
cockerels, 313 egg records. Chicks, 100 — 
$16.00. 500 — $73.50 if ordered direct from 
this adv. 100^/c guaranteed. Fred Beckmann, 
Box 57D. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 80 

Chicks. Special offer until March. Catalogue 
free. Bishops Poultry Farm, New Washington. 
Ohio. ''9t)am 

Pennsylvania Certified Flock. Early order dis- 
count. Booklet. North Poultry Farm, Mc- 
Alisterville^P^ "»"" 


cas. Tested. Exhibition and production bred 
stock. Make big records, produce very large 
eggs. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. 
Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, Monmouth, 
III KObam 


RUSK FARMS— Huff Minorca headquarters. 
Started chicks, day old chicks — 4 weeks 
guarantee to live. Bloodtested. Trapnested 
matings. Winners everywhere shown. Catalog 
free. Rusk Farms, Box 128, Windsor. Mis- 




BLACK LEGHORN day old chicks, paHets. 
Circular. Ham i>loiL_ Piltstgwn^—JL-J- "° 


horns. Tested. High pressure layers. Stock, 
chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Po"lt«T 
Farm, Box K, Monmouth, Illinois. 80bam 

WORLD FAMOUS Brown Leghorns. Big 
type, healthy, lay large white eggs. Cus- 
tomers report big profits. Stock, Chicks. Eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y. 
Monmouth. Illinois. "Op**" 

KEISER'S Single Comb Brown Leghorn 
Chicks. Breeders tested. Live, lay, excep- 
tional matings. Free catalog. F. Keiser. 
Grampian, Pa- 83htm 

Strain, world record layers, big. white eggs. 
Large size, hardy. Bargains, Stock, E-ggs. 
Chicks. Everlay Farm, Box 1. Po'-^l^jl; 
Indiana. ^O*"" 

BUFF MINORCAS, White Giant*. Tested 
mammoth stock. Chicks. Eggs f8 — 100. F. J. 
Jedlicba. Schuyler. Nebr. 79 

New York-Chicago. Large birds, big white 
eggs. Eggs, Chicks. Edw. Schmidt, Thorntown, 
Indiana. §i 

BORDNER'S BIG BUFFS. Winners every- 
where-Rohert Bordner, Massillon. O. 80 

White minobcas 

type extra choice. Selected from trapnested 
exhibition stock. $3.00. Hufnagel Brothers. 
Bradford. Illinois. 79bm 

WHITE MINORCA Baby Chicks. Real full 
bodied Minorcas. Prize winners, bloodtested. 
B. F. Ricketts. Box M, Zanesville, Ohio. 80 

ROSE and SINGLE COMB White Minorca 
chicks, eggs. 250-280 egg strain. Big type. 
Chalk white eggs. Iowa Accredited. Chick 
livability guaranteed. Low prices. Murray 
McMurray Hatchery, Box 50, Webster City, 
Iowa. . 81 bam 




March, April, May 

10 word 'ad' for 3 months costs >3.60 
15 word 'ad* for 3 months costs $5.40 
20 word 'ad' fpr 3 months costs $7.20 
25 word 'ad' for 3 months costs 10.80 



Get your chicks from this Full-Blooded 
Mammoth Strain Black and White 
Minorca Beauties. Produce Extra large 
pure white eggs 30 ounces to the dozen. 
Handsome Color Plate catalogue show- 
ing how you can raise Giant Heavy- 
weight Minorcas in all their rich green 
sheened coal black beauty. Healthy. 
Guarantecd-to-Live Minorca*, both 
Black and White. Mention color please. 


Route J 14 

Tyrone, Penna. 


WORLD FAMOUS Buflf Leghorns. Healthy, 
pure buff birds lay very large chalky eggs. 
Profit makers cheap. Stock, Chicks, Eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y. 
Monmouth. Illinoi s. ^^Ob*™ 

Tested. High pressure layers. Stock, chicks, 
eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 
Box K. Monmouth. 111. 80bam 

BUFF LEGHORN pullets, hatching eggs, 
certified baby chicks. Catalog free. Mary 
Maude Farms. Box 118. Portland. Tnd. Bobm 

BABY CHICKS, Full-blooded, Booth Strain 
White Minorca beauties. Get guaranteed-to- 
live chicks from great, big. heavyweight 10 
pound two and three year old breeding birds, 
producing 30 ounce extra large pure white 
eggs. Utility and fancy matings. Color plate 
catalog free. Farm Service. Route K90, Ty- 

rone. Penna. ^"P**" 

ACE QUALITY \VTiite Minorcas have type, 
size and egg ability. Won eleven firsts out of 
twelve at St. Louis National and Chicago 
Coliseum this year. If you want real ^^'hl** 
Minorcas write for mating list. Ace White 
Minorcas. 527 Mayo B ldg.. Tulsa. Okla. 80 

BABY CHICKS. Full blooded, rich green- 
eheened Black Minorca beauties. Get chicks 
from great, big, heavyweight 10 pound two 
and three year old breeding birds, producing 
30 ounce extra large pure white eggs. Utility 
and fancv matings. Color plate catalog free. 
Farm Service. Route .T55. Tyrone. Pa. 82bam 
.JEAN JOAN Black Minorcas. Won every 
leading official contest award for breed. Blood- 
tested. Jean Joan Farm, Box E, Belmar 
N. J. «1 

Farmers Hatchery, EP6. Charlotte, N. O. 79 

WORLD FAMOUS Minorcas. White or 
Black. Big type, rugged. Lay large white 
eggs. Andy Pearson, Illinois, lost less than 
A% of 1000 Nichol Minorcas. Stock, Chicks. 
Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 
Box Y. Monmouth, Illinois. 80ban» 

SUNNY^FIELD Mammoth Single Comb 
Black Minorcas are big Minorcas, heavy Mi- 
norcas, hardy Minorcas. reliable Minorcas. 
Have egg producing ability. Breeders tested. 
Write Sunnyfield Minorca Farms, Grampian. 
Pa. 83bajn 

BLACK. WHITE and Buflf Minorca pullets, 
hatching eggs, certified baby chicks Catalop 
free. Mary Maude Farms, Box 118, Portland. 
Ind. 80bm 


tons. Tested. Exhibition and production bred 
stock. Real buff, big type. Stock, chicks, eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K. 
Monmouth. 111. 80bam 

WORLD FAMOUS Buflf Orpingtons. Big- 
gest type. Egg records up to 280 made by 
customers. Healthy, beautiful. Stock. Chicks. 
Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 
Box Y. Mon mo uth, Illinois. 80 bam 

BUFF ORPINGTON pullets, hatching eggs, 
certified baby chicks. Catalog free. Mary 
Maude Farms. Box 118. P or tland. Ind. SObm 

tons. $10.95 hundred. Five hundred $54.75. 
Two dollar dejMJsit. balance C. O. D. Prompt 
shipment. Thomas Hatchery, Box 212. Bell- 
wood. Penna. 81 bam 

KEISER'S Golden Buflf Orpington Chicks. 
Breeders tested. Live, lay. exceptional mat- 
ings. Free catalog. F. Keiser, Grampian. 
Pa. 83bam 


WORLD FAMOUS White Orpingtons. 
Crystal white, massive. Lay better. Stock, 
Chicks. Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry 
Farm. Box Y. Monmouth. Illinois. aobam 

tons. Tested. Record layers. Big type. Crystal 
white plumage. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog 
free Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K. Mon- 
mouth. 111. 80bam 

i m 

s |v 

i t 




Red Chicks' 

of that dark, rich. Bed plumage you 
Uke so well. Make big profits with 
these Giant Heavyweight Reds— three 
pound broilers in 12 weeks. Have pul- 
lets laying big brown eggs iotyoxxin 
five months. Generous early order Dis- 
counts allowed on this Guarantee-to- 
Live stock. Send for Handsome Catalog 
showing birds in their natural wftftUh 
of vivid rich Bed •color. 


Route F18 Tyrone, Penna. 

Rose C^b Reds. Tested. Beautiful dark red 
Tdumagr^Highproduction bred. Stock, chicks. 
SgS^. Cktalo^g free Nichol's Poultry Fanm 

Knv K Monmouth, 111. 82^5S 

■ WORLD FAMOUS REDS. No five year plan 
here We have bred them for a deep blooa 
JeTfor over 15 years. Rose <^' /^^«\9^^,^: 
St^k. Chicks, figgs CaUlog /;»«^, N'chol^ 
Poult rv t^arm. Box Y, Monmouth, III. 80bam 
■■ SINGLE AND ROSE CX)MB Knode Island 
Bed pullets, hatching eggs, certified baby 
Sicks^ Catalog free. Mary Maude Fams^ 

Box 11 8. Portland, Ind. »2^ 

shiDDedC O. D They lay and are red. Free 
co^? plate catalog shows them in natural 
colors. Hig*i contest records back of them 
«ftt free catalog and new low pnces. >Vrile 
^5lir. ?r4.T.lpr^. Box 21, Eldorado, Ill.a ibam 
■ MAHOOD and RUCKER Strains. Chicks 
and tjgs at 1916 prices. Wnte. Barney Mc^ 

Williams. Box B, Johnston ^ity^JlL 12 

Island R^s. $10.95 hundred. Five hundred 
$54.75. Two dollar deposit balance C. O. D- 
Pr. mpt shipment. Thomas Hatchery, Box 212^ 

i-ggyet^g AAVnjRHAbtiJSLAtib kEbs 
— S^O. R. I- R«<i Cockerels, Ma- 

hood strain rich dark red mahog- 
any plumage. High production 
br^, weight 7 to 9 lbs. $3 Mrs 
Vincent Burden, Albany, HI- 7tft 



— GIANT LARGE TYPE, heavyweight Buff 
Bo?i ChTckrVUh that rich |ol{e«. color you 

like so well. I offer r^" ■*'"K,ii5«rs_heav^ 
two and three year old prize breeders— lieavy 
l^nter layers. A Profitable broiler or roasting 
fowl. These Buflf Rock chicks are so strong, 
vigorous and healthy that I'll guarantee them 
li^live and thrive for you. .Beaut, ul color 
plate catalog free. Farm Service, Route^ D84. 

Tyro ne, Penna. -— — 

WORLD FAMOUS Buff Rocks. Praised by 
thousandl We supply healthy large type 
layers. Cheap. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog 
free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. Box Y, Mon- 
mouth, Illinois^ .^ _ — — - — 

$10.95 hundred. Five hundred ^^^-^^ 'Two 
dollar deposit, balance C O. ^ o^Xu 
shipment. Thomas Hatchery, Box 212.^ Bel^ 

woo d, Penna. . . r- . ■ ■; 

—BUFF ROCKS all first prizes on male bras 
in single classes last three Madison S<iuare 
Garden New York, shows. Stock reasonable 
Harlow Bonniwell, Gaylord^M»" »esota. 79 


moiS a'ln bred Partridge Ro^^s Special in- 
troductory prices. Brightwater Farms. Hen 

^.»onvil le. North Carolina. i^ 

-PARTRIDGE ROC^S, White Rocks. 30 

breeds 18K strain. Catalog free. Box 20. lay 

f" wl'trheTie- «>^^lbvville. J"-""--"- ^^ 


" WHITE ROCK CHICKS— Eggs. Ideal for 

ell pedSSd males. Bloodtested. Livability 
gfarrnteS. Circular free. Oscar W. Holt^ 
Ipple, Box 13, Elida, Ohio. 8'Jham 


— fJIANT LARGE TYPE, heavyweight White 
Ro?kS*y Chicks. Get the pure white heavy 
winter laying chicks hatched from two and 
three year old tested breeders. Rugged, 
heaUhy broiler chick Rocks I will guarantee- 
Jo-U e and thrive for you. Beautiful color 
plate catalog free. Farm Service. Route E62. 
Tyrone, Penna. 


10 lb. Rocks 

You can easily produce 10 lb. capons, 
big fat, meaty roasters and broilers 
3 lb. weight in 12 weeks. Get your 
chicks now from this Giant Heavy- 
weight Strain of healthy, Guaranteed- 
to Live two and three year old breeding 
birds. My customers report unusually 
heavy Winter egg records. Rich, yellow 
legged Buff, Barred and White Ply- 
mouth Rock Beauties. Catalogue Free 
to you. 

Route C25 Tyrone. Penna. 



Box Y, Mon mouth, Illinois. — 

—KiTmoiTs' MASTER BRED Barred Rocks. 
TeJtid Light and dark matings Barred deep- 

Farm, Ro » K. Monmouth. 111. - f ,"° ■ 

- u.RHFh PLYMOUTH BOCK Pallets. 

hat^cJi^nfe^ggs/^elt^ed baby Chicks CaU^^^^^^ 

free. Mary Maude Farms , Box 118. ro^r^ 

^^^^5fe^D-BOCK Chick»^E«^JXy" tSS 
Shores finest stock. Moms Poultry rar^^ 

Bishopville, Md. . _ „. - 

„,ou"h^Rjckni0.95 hundred Five hundrM 
• t.4 nr. Twn dollar deposit, balance V/. '-'•';• 
J'rompt Spmtt\ho^as Hatchery, Box^212. 
Bellwood. P enna. . -— j 

- r^HAMl' ToN BARRKD BOCKS are founded 

layers and P"™® .°yL*\vrUe Carter's Chick- 

- R O P BAiT RED^I)CKS. Every bird 
trapneJted'^andpodi.greed^Mat^ to approved 

R. O. P. '«»>:?• /••'^ood'^olorBl^dtested. 

tf^;^etf^%^iut|^ \iacr'2rS 
Send for circular. R. C. \>aiiacL. ^^ 

Qouth Sts Lnfn'""" ^"O : — 


egls $5 Ver 100. Ralph Smale, R. 2, Pott^s^ 

. . . ^ m.AQTFP HKK Dl^iff Rocks. 

NICHOL'S '■'AS^Xmage Heavy layers. 
Tested. Real huff P^""^*^^. "^ee.' Niohol's 
Stock, "thicks, e«s C^^^^^^^%^ 

BUfF PLYMOUTH ""V'^ '' Catalog free, 
ing eggs, certified baby chirks. C^^^^ ^^^ 
Mary Maude Farms. Bo« no. ' ^q^^ 


These little "ads" in Every- 
bodys pay because they are read 
by folks who want what you 
have to sell. The classified ad- 
vertising pages of Everybodys 
can be made a Market Pl»" for 
what YOU have to sell. Start an 
advertisement m March and 
order it run for 3 months at 
reduced rate. 


JAPANESE SILKIE Cockerels. Hillcrest 
Poultry Yards. Meriden^onn. 79 

LIGHT SUSSEX, Eggs. Exhibition and 
Production Matings. A. G. Bosttiger.Hacketts- 
White WTA1?P6TTes 

dottes. Fishel heavy laying strain. Tested. 
Beautiful white nlumage. Stock, chicks, eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, 

Monmouth. 111. »"ham 

WORLD FAMOUS White Wyandottes. 
Prize winners in great shows. High egg 
records. Healthy, Stock, Chicks. Eggs Cata- 
log free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y, Mon- 

mouth. Illinois. ^Hham 

"MONEY MAKER" White Wyandottes. 
Established 1912. One breed handled right. 
Cockerels, hens, pullets. E. A. Heaton, R-4, 

Toledo. Ohio. .^ It 

WHITE WYANDOTTE pullets, hatching 
eggs, certified baby chicks. Catalog free. Mary 
Maude Farms. Box 118. Portland. Ind. 80bm 
dottes. $10.95 hundred. Five hundred $54.7j. 
Two dollar deposit, balance CO. P- P'-?.'"}^ 
shipment. Thomas Hatchery. Box 212 Bell- 
wood. Penna^ 8U)am 


$5.00 each. Elwood TajjorJierwyn;_Md. 79 

WORLD' S GREATEST Winners. Williams 
White Wyandottes. bred for 37 years, priced 
right for the times. Circular free. i. B. 
Williams. Box C. IslipM..._L^JL-X «<> 

nn^ nw A vj. «^^.j;j^-;- — ^■- — -■- - — 


erels Hens. Pullets. Will Springs. Thomp- 

B onville. Illinois. 


chicks of quality. Carl O. Trembley. Route 3 
Norwalk. Ohio. 

dollar deposit, balance O. O. "• /"^^'r,. 
Shipment. 'Thomas Hatchery. Box 212^^ 

i^^^-g^jROlTPRIZE WINNERS. NVhite 
RoTirfi'^^e^Ss five firsts and all special. 

Leading .winner Ohu> SiBXe t'ix^^ ^^.^^^ 
^'"^'^^n'^aiitv price? refson^le. BK^dtested 



vour egg production. Get them CO. D. at 

J.»« low nrices Free color catalog shows them 

M^ry^ Maude Farms, Box 118, P'>'»»^,J; 

" "white ROCKS— Imported Canadian fe- 

\\Ulir. nv'v-rk I together with 

males with records 201 to -■»< j'^ nAn •>n\ 

Box E. Tiro, Ohio. . _ — - 

ford, Wis. 

am, yjui v- -.J Tm^ 


WORLD FAMOUS Silver Lac d Wyan- 
r^n^fi^e lrirrias\^' -"s^o?k: 

bred, healthy. Stock. Chicks. ^gKS. CataW* 
free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y,^Mon^ 
mouth. Ill inois. 

Wyandottes.'' Tested. Best strain splendid 
livers Beautifully marked. Stock, chirks. 
IVS CaUlog frf, Jf-hol's Poultry Farm^ 
Box K. Monmout h. III. ^,^ 

gYTV l- 'K. LAC'ED WVAS ' bo TTES. haby 
^SN^elv marked, real layers, bloodtested 
HP Ricketts. Box .T. 7^"^»v'"e. Ohio. 80 

f tfftT>r. ISL AITD WHITE S 

Fa^ Bo h combs. Stock $3.00 each. $14^00 
pen Eggs prepaid. OaUlog free. Henry 
&elmfnn. Water loo Tiii.n., 80 

BO T ^S ___^ 

— :iO 000 BOOKS FREE. Tells how to make 

??rs'* S.einm ver! Ri^':rdlle. Maryland writes 
-{would like a copy of your l'?"l»'-> .h""^ 
as I saw a copv and wm surpnsed at the 
rnformat^on it contained." Just drop a card 
oI™eec%>y. Nichol's Poultry F.rm^ Bo^ 
V Monmouth. Illinois. Hi^r^^m 


SHIP YOUR EGGS best ^^i^^- Write 
Betoan Egg Co.. 1276 Gerard Ave., N. Y. 80b 







A GOIjD mine for you. Amazing new ex- 
traordinary business at home. Make up to 
$5500. yearly. Complete plans etc, f lO"- 
Money back guarantee. P. A. Belaire. Box 66^ 
Providence, R . I- , 


type. Layers. Stock, eggs. Low prices. Cata- 
log free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K^ 
Monmouth, Illinois. «ODam 

LARGEST PEKINS. V'^k^^'v-^'.^L 79 
lings. Winifred Albin. Sabetha. Kansas. 79 


""ducklings. Mammoth ^Vbite Pekins, 
extra size, quality. Prompt d.hvery. L 

Ha mblin. Wilson, N. Y. Lf 

" PARDEE'S Perfect Pekin Ducklings, hatch- 
ing ^gs and breeding drakes New lower 
Prices Service. Satisfaction. Catalog free^ 
R^y E. Pardee, Branch Street, Ishp, Long 

Island, New York. ^ _— 

-MlMMCmTWHITE PEKIN ducklings^Ten 
pound stock 17c each. Catalog free. Goshen 

Poultry FMm8^_G<)shen^ndiana^_ 5^ 

OUR MAMMOTH PEKIN Ducklings and 
feedini methods produce 6 pound ducks in 
lo wfeks. More%rolitable than chickens. 
Easily raised. 25 ducklings $5.50; 50— f 10.5U , 
?00-^$2S.OO: 500— $95.00. Prepaid L-ve de- 
live^ guaranteed. Eggs $6 50 hundred Cat- 
"iQg free Cla"'l>. Hile vr-^hprv Carev. O. ^9 

RABBIT HUTCH— Sanitary, odorless, and 
self-cleaning. Will prevent disease. Endorsed 
by experts. Complete plans, etc., *1-""- 
Everybodys Poultry Magazine, Hanover, Fa.ti 
STANDARD Rabbit Journal, Milton. Pa.. 
Year $1.00; 2 months Dime; Sample 5c. tte 
RABBITS and Supplies. Descriptive litera- 
t*re. Albert Facey. Inc., 115 E. Valley Stream, 

New York. tfbn 

Zealand Whites— Standard Chinchillas. Pedi- 
greed and registrable. All ages, healthy 
vigorous, fully guaranteed. Priced right. Alys 

Johnston C ompany, Polo. UK 5^^ 

land Whites and Reds, Chinchillas. Frank 

Zimmerman. Sewell. New Jersey. f» 

RAISE FUR RABBITS; we furnish stock 
on credit and buy all you raise; send 10c for 
caUlog and contract. California Co-operative 
Market. Dept. 3, Post Office Box 1710. Los 
Angeles. Calif. '^ 

bEaIj Estate 


POULTRY and PEACH lands $5.00 per 
acre. J. E. WMllis. Clio. 8. C. __Z.9 

MODERN, fully equipped poultry and fruit 
farm, all city conveniences. 200 fruit trees, 
acre strawberries, over 400 chickens included, 
showing a good profit, 60 miles from New 
York. For information wnte L. A. Spatz, i-ori 
Murra y, N. J. 

CUT FEEDING COST. Particulars fr«. 
J.. R„nt., Holmes Park, Missouri. ' -f 



■ MONSTER ORIENTAL Games reasonabk^ 
T -ft;'::"n^^ptnn, nias Creek. K.w Jersey. .9 
" OE^SE 

Geese Big type. Profitable, low prices, btock, 
^ST^lo7iree. NichoPs Poultry Farm^ 

Ro K K. Monmouth, 111. - . 

eaifSiinese Geese. Catalog free. Neuber^ 
?!:^p, „y Bn, 23. Mankato. Minn. 78bam 

BUFF GOOSE EGGS 4 for $1.25 delivered 
M^Mirlliiiil r—-^^'^-* ^""thiana. O. 81 

— MAKP SIO to $30 weekly, spare time. 
„»i i^ng ''ciJc^ular'^ at h--- Outfit and in- 
"actions 25c. Alied Industries. Dept-^KB. 

Akron. Ohio. — 

18^0 Qualify for Government pO8ition8j^l05- 
$250 month^ Sieady employment. Common 
JSucation sufficient. thousands aPPO'n^ 
yeariy. Writ*. Instruction Bureau, 591 St. 
Louis. Mo^ Quicklv^ 

I Vmorioaa rai>st ProfltAble purebred Chlokens. 
Ducks. <;wi».-l\ukeys. PrlOM low. 10.000 prlMg. 

I Cat, free. Zlewer't PtMiltry Farm. Auttlw. Minw. 

and Chicks. Write for Illustrated CaUlog 
Telling How to Raise Ducks for Profit. Ridg- 

way Duck Hatchery, LaRue, Ohio. 82 

WORLD FAMOUS Chick Book. Shows way 
to big profits. Describes Nichol's Master Bred 
flocks, made up of high production birds of 
World's famous heavy laying ancestry. 18 
best paying breeds. Stock, Chicks, Eggs. 
Write for free book. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 

Box Y, Monmouth. Illinois. 80bam 

SPECIAL SALE. Leading varieties. Chick- 
ens, ducks, geese, turkeys, gtiineas, pheasants, 
chicks, ducklings. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
Catalog fre^. Highland Farm, Sellersville.Pa.81 

POULTS from Southeast's best, large, 
stocky, heavy laying Bronze. Eggs. Thomas 

Brothers. Clover. 8. C. 22 

BOURBON RED TOMS $10. Mrs. Vincent 

Burden, Albany, Illinois. I* 

~WHITB HOLLANDS. Breeders, eggs, poults 

for sale. Mrs. Homer Price, Newark. Ohio. 81 

FINE UTILITY Bronze Turkeys, breeding 

stock, hatching eggs, baby poults. Prices very 

reasonable. Quality high. It will pay you to 

get our prices. Visitors always welcome. D. 

R. Abel & Son, 44 llthtAve- York, Pa. 80 

THOUSANDS BRONZE poults, 1932 season 

50c each, lota 20 or more. Bird and Shelton 

blood, Ist prize winner St. Louis. Also started 

turks. breeding stock and eggs. Woollums 

Turkey Farm. Unionville. Mo. 80 

finest exhibition quality and breeding stock; 
eggs- poults. Esbenshade Turkey Farm. 

Ronk's. Penna. 19him 

MAMMOTH BRONZE Turkey Hens, sevM 
dollars each. Eggs, thirty dollars hundred. 
Poults, sixty dollars. W. B. Miller, Free 

Union, Va. JZ 

EDGEWOOD BRONZE — Hardy northern 
turkeys, extra size and vigor. International 
winners, Michigan champions. Mrs. Edgar 

Case. Benzonia. Michigan. . **" 

Stock, Eggs, Pens. Headed by Sj)ot Toms, 
Rainbow Tails. Mrs. T. J. Moore, Clarksburg, 

breeders. Folder free. Mrs. G. Luther Miller. 
Wiseland Farm. Keezletown. Virgini a. HO 

" ' WAl^TEt) ~ 

WANTED — Good flying old barn pigeons, 
and guinea pigs weighing eight ounces and 
over Pay highest market prices. Returns 
made daily. J. Walter Brendle, Littleetown 

Pa. ^" 

f 66 LATE TO OLAssilV 



•ain prices. Twenty-one years experience. 
ramble Poultry Farm . Chest^rtown Md.79bm 

B A I LREPPL T M Q^^ j^^^^^g— — 

prices. Twenty-one years experience. Bramble 
Poultry Farm, Chestertown, Md. 79bm 


— TT<4Fn INCUBATORS— Reduced i-rices on 
.nt'frfSoJk "of used incubators. AH le^<Lng 
makes Buckeyes, Peteraimes, Blue Hens, 
Newtowns. etc.'^ Many of these machines are 
nearly new— 2,000 to 30,000 capacity. ENcry 
machfne guaranteed. Each one specially priced 
Tr quick sale. Can be.bought on easy terms^ 
State make and capacity desired and obtain 
oi^n^ reduced prices before buying any 
Tn^ubator. Buy with confidence from respon- 
sible concern. Write or wire for description 
rn'd'bar^aTn prices. Smith Incubator Company^ 
^lOT-H W. 121st St Clev eland. O. /yoam 


Rose Comb Black Bantams. Rabbits reason- 
able. M. S. ^— '*->"^"> "^"^''•'•-, Pa._, ,, tg 
■— lAf"EXTERMINATOR. Send 50c <or for- 
mula. No poison. Edgar Laboratories, Wo<Mi^ 
Tille . Mass. . 

CA^n FOR GOLD TEETH. Highest pnces. 
Information fr^ Southwest Gold and Silver 

Co. Dept. 210. Fort Worth. Tex. ^ 

— WATERPROOF Canvas Covers, Belting. 
Everything in Canvas. Write for freo catalog 
wHh new 1932 low prices. Hoosier Tarpaulin 
r Canvls Goods Co., Dept. 9. Indianapolis. 
Ind.^ ■ ^ 

Holland Breeders. Also Eggs and Poults. 
Prize winning stock. Sheckler's Turkey Farm, 

Nevada, Ohio. §0 

HIGH CLASS Breeding Stock. Bourbons, 
Hollands. Bronze, Narragansetts. Kempley 

Turkey Ranch. Montello, Wis. 80 

diana State Champions, Ist prize winners In- 
ternational Chicago. Stock, eggs. Mrs. O. S. 

Dooley. Danville. Ind. ^* 

GIANT BRONZE Turkey from bloodtested 
stock. Price reasonable. Write for catalog on 
Poults and Eggs. Winnecunnet Turkey Farm, 
largest in New Eng la nd, Norton. Mass. 82 
Choice breeders selected from our flock of 
eleven hundred birds. Individual description 
and prices furnished upon request. Stock un- 
conditionally guaranteed. Sheaffer'e Turkey 

Farm. Elizabethtown. Pa. ^^ 

"BLUE RIDGE" Mammoth Bronze, Vir- 
ginia State Champions, Pens headed Inter- 
national winners. Stock, poults. Charles G. 
Mackall The Lawn Farm Nokesville. Virginia. 
"Buy the Best and Breed Them Better". 79 
GOLD MINT STRAIN Mammoth Bronze 
Turkeys. Eggs, Poults. Paul Owen, Box K, 

North Los Angeles. Calif. 82 

TURKEYS — Pure-bred Mammoth Bronze, 
Bourbon Red, Narragansett and WTiite Hoi 
land hens, toms. Unrelated pairs and tnos. 

Walter B ros., Powhatan Point, Ohio. 80 

BOURBONS FROM world's best strain. 
Extra large. Mahogany color. Toms $10.00 
up. Hens $5.00 up. Eggs in season. Bertha 
Coil. Duncanville, Texas. "9 





WORLD'S BEST Pedigreed healthiest, 
heaviest milkers. Goldsborough's Goatery, 
M ohnton, Pa tfbm 

CHOICE BRONZE. Reasonable. L 
shaw, Box 1024, Uniontown, Pa. 




MINERAL RODS on money back guarantee 
if not satisfied. Mention this magazine when 
answering this ad. T. D. Robinson, Dept. 11. 
Box ^'*. Elgin. Texas. '» 


PRINTING at lowest prices. Free cuts of 
any breed. Economic Press, Leonia, N. J. TV 

2-,o WHITEBOND Letterheads and 250 
Envelopes. $2.49; 500 eaoh, $4.00 postpaid^ 
Webster's Printerie, Farmland, Indiana. <a 

national winners, stock, eggs, poults. Virginia 
certified baby chicks. Booklet. Hylton Poultry 
Farms, O ran ge. Va. zL 

BRONZE BABY TURKEYS. Largest raisers 
and producers in Middle West. 100.000 year- 
ly. Literature free. Maplecrest Turkey Farm 
Box 3. Wellman. Iow a._ l!^ 

LARGE TYPE Narragansett and Bourbon 
Red Turkev.s. Reasonable prices on stock and 
eggs. Cecil' Laughman. Dunra ven. N. 1. »! 

CHOICE BRt)NZE TOMS $12. Cockerels 
$8, Females $5, Eggs 35c. Thos. Lucas 
Franktown. Colo. '" 

Amon^ the hundreda of letters 
coming from Everybodys readers 
during the past m^nth addressed 
to "Service Department" uas one 
from a man connected tcith the 
editorial staff of a large National 
Home Publication and tcho hap- 
pens to be deeply interested in 
poultry. We did not krwic thi« 
subscriber's business or profes- 
sion until he torote his apprecia- 
tion of the particular service ren- 
dered him. We are impressed 
tcith this reader's comment on 
Everybodys and of our efforts as 
publishers of a magazine devoted 
to poultry culture to be of service 
to every subscriber. After thank- 
ing Everybodys Service Editor 
this subscriber says: "Although 
my business requires me to live in 
the city, I am interested more 
than financially in a fruit and 
poultry farm up-state. My inter- 
est in poultry uas intensified on 
becoming a regular reader of 
your most excellent publication. 
There is manifest and honest 
trholesomeness in the entire con- 
tents of your monthly issues that 
demands respect of your readers. 
When I xcrote your Service De- 
partment for information on 
what I considered quite n difficult 
problem, I had no idea that Sfr. 
Leicis, of your editorial staff, 
vrould by return mail solve my 
problems so completely, etc., etc'" 




ling IS a 

bfitable Vocation! 

No other line of agricultural pursuits offers the possibil- 
ities as offered by Poultry Raising. Everybodys Poul- 
try Magazine has helped thousands to real profits with 
poultry and will help you. 

Mrs. Binzer of Ohio writes — "It took 
a failure of our farm crops to con- 
vince my husband just what my hens 
have meant to us. Everybodys is a 
wonderful help to us, in fact we owe 
our success entirely to the monthly 
visits of your understanding publi- 

J. G. Breuning of Va. has this to 
say — "Your editors sure do under- 
stand just what your subscribers 
need in a timely way each month. We 
subscribed to Everybodys iiway back 
in 1015 and have all our volunins 
bound up to date for ready reference. 
Your idea of giving a complete index 
each December of entire contents for 
the year must be appreciated by 
Everybodys subscribers. I frequently 
turn to tills index." 

John Forney of Pa. writes— Send 
me two copies of your December 
issue please. I have hard work keep- 
ing my monthly numbers, as I run a 
t-tore here and customers keeping 
chickens will borrow them. Endosed 
find two subscriptions; I can get 
more for you if you send me some 
sample copies." 

Mrs. Havward up in the mining sec- 
tion of Penna. writes — "I have four 
hundrml laying pullets now and with 
.my husband out of work be has 
helped nie build a good laying house 
for the winter as suggested by one 
of your editors. I cannot express how 
greatly we appreciate your Mr. Adams 
urging that we subsiribe to Kvery- 
lj„dys — it has been an inspiration 
and rfuide to every advance we have 
made in our poultry enterprise. I 
taught school last winter and will 
this winter while my husband will 
look after the poultry." 


John H. Robinson, 

Editor of Everybodys Poul- 
try Magazine and the author 
of Poultiy Possibilities is 
recognized as America's out- 
standing poultry journalist. 

The fourth edition of Poultry Possibilities is 
now ready for mailing. We want every reader 
of Everybodys to have a copy of thK> book. It 
vou are a present subscriber you can have 
Poulti-v Possibilities by ordering an ex'.ension 
of vou'r present subscription. If you have been 
eetting Evervbodys just once in a while from 
vour news stand or have received a sample 
iopv you are entitled to Poultry Possibilities 
by mailing vour subscription direct to Every- 
bodvs, Box 286, Hanover, Pa. 

No book on the subject ot the real possibil- 
■ ities poultry presen s covers 
i _ ~ I the entire subject of poultry 

"" ci:!*ure as this book by Mr. 
Robinson and which is yours 
postage paid along with a 43 
months' subscription to 
Evcrylodys Poultry Maga- 
zine for a single Dollar Bill. 
When you stop to consider 
that by u^ng coupon at right 
you are for an investment of 

One Dollar not only assuring 

the delivery of Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
to vour door each month for 48 months but 
an 'immediate delivery postpaid of your copy 
of Poultry Possibilities you will agree that 
your investment of One Dollar is a sensible 

This message is directed to those interested 
in poultry. We know you understand the 
language employed by ''chicken folks." The 
publishers of Everybodys Poultrj- Magazine 
are endeavoring to give you an honest 
magazine. To that end our editors and con- 
tributors as employed are recognized as 
America's foremost authorities. Every 
article and all editorial content is copy- 
righted bv Ever>'bodys Publishing Company. 
No article appears that has not passed the 
censorship of editorial staff. The editors of 
Evervbodys are all practical poultrymen 
and poultrywomen. They know your proli- 
lems because they are all keeping poultry 
for profit. 


I'erhaps you are in a 
position to become 
our rei>resentative in 
your territory. We 
are employing sub- 
scrijition agents on 
either part time or 
wiiole lime. You will 
tind it <'lean and pro- 
fitable etni'loyment . 
Write for particulars 

See Coupon Below! 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine, Hanover, Pa. 

Enter my sr.bsrriptlon, please, for a 4 years' s^^^'.^^P""" *^ 
Everybodys Poultry Magazine, also send me postage Pa'd the book 
Poultry Possibilities. Total cost to me $1.00. which I enclose. 



Your Name 

•11 ttOPlt 



your name and address below. 

ycic n 

Extension D 

Renexcal Sub. D 



be glad to sefii ttiem a sample copy. 

Shall These Chicks Fail? 


5000 l'liii*k!< From AiiM»rii*ai*!< Iprisiiosl P roil lie I ion 

f oiili^5<i lliMis VnUE io iNorM of TIiIn 

Vilamiii-I 'oiii|il<»lo. .>liiioral-Hail»iiiMMl Fooil 

This year, wht'ii every nickel in- 
vested in <-hicks is important, 
don^t take a ehanee. You <-an ])ul 
complete confi<lcn<'e in Pratts 
Buttermilk Bahy Chick Food — it 
is gu€iraiitee€t to he <*omplete in 
vitamins and minf-ral halanced! 
Vitamins A an<l B that mean 
growth and health — that(>ssential 
Sunshine Vitamin I> — all theseare 
siipplie<I inahiindan<'eineveryhag 
of Pratts, p/ii.s the all-important. 
ne\*Iy discovere<l mineral l>alan<'e 
which means In'ttcr digestion and 
helps avoid weakness, ^^slipped 

len«lon" and other trouhles. FKt^K in a contest her(>deserihed. 

All needs of the chick are sup- Every hird is a direct descendant 
plicdhy the man> carefully chosen of (boniest Hens with Odicial 
an<l thoroughly prepared ingre- Hetords of 223 to over .{(M) eggs. 
<licnls in Pratts. This is an opportunity of a life- 

This clii<k food is an old friend time to introduce high-produc- 
to poultrymen. Prohahly more of ing hlood lines into your flock, 
them have used it than any other 
one commercial feed in the world. 
See your <lealer. 

We want users of Pratt Feeds to 
have the finest hirds in the coun- 
try. Therefore. .>(M)0 Pratt Ex|K'ri- 
mcnl Farm Barred Rock and S. C. 
Vk hite I^'ghorn Chicks are ofl'cred 


Buttermilk Baby Chick Food 

Mineral Balanced • }^tamin Complete f^!^ At the Lowest Price in History 

Pit ATT FOOII l'0.>ll»AXY 


1115 PRIZES 

1 Prize of 100 chicks. 

3 Prizes of 75 chicks. 

6 Prizes of 50 chicks. 

175 Prizes of 25 chicks. 

Duplicate prizes to be awarded in case of 
a tie. 

Confoj<l Rules 

1. Contest is open to any old or new user of 
PratU Buttermilk Baby Chick Food, except 
employees of the Pratt Food Company and 
their relatives. 

2. Send us a simple statement telling why 
you use Pratts Buttermilk Baby Chick 
Food. Use no more than 50 words. The 
shorter the better. The thought eounU. not 
the grammar. 

3. Include with your statement the white 
"Guaranteed .Analysis" square lor facsimile 
of it) from a 50 lb. or 100 lb. bag of Pratts 
Buttermilk Baby Chick Food. 

4. Contest closes April 30vh. 

5. Free chicks will be shipped to the winners 
not later than May I.'ith. The names of 
winners will be posted in the stores of all 
Pratt Dealers. 


Mr. F. L. Piatt. Editor, Amer. Pltry Jrl. 
Mr. James T. Huston, Editor, Everybody's 

Poultry Magazine 
Mr. O. A. Hanke, Editor, Poultry Tribune 
Mr. A. G. Studier. Editor, WaveHy PItrvTrin 
Mr. M. J. Sue, Poultry Writer, Philadelphia 

Pratts also offer a Htitteriiiilk AI.I. >IASII ST.\RTKR AM) <;R()\^ KR for tlu»sf ulio prtftr this iiieliuMl ..f ftM-diiiK 

4 # 


^pHHH^ MARCH 193X 







In The Midst Of The Chick Season — Thompson 



^^..Our egg profits in one year 

[K. arid iviKS. J. n<»v ^ • 1 /* ^\ 1 

KE,DE»M./^,p« ! paid tor our new z-story lay- 
ing house . . . Having used Ful-0-Pep Feeds 
for 8 years we are convinced that they are 
cheaper to use because more profitable..." 

writes Mr. J. ROY GreIDER. uho has one of the highest rec or €l flocks in Pennsylvania 

*^ . . . Iluvin<iz foiiii<l |><»iiltry to provitle the lar«;esi Hoiirce 
of iiiroiiie <in the furni, >ve docicleci to incrousc our laying 
flock from four hundred to fifteen hundred hirds, and 
ereete<I a two-story laying house. ... In April, 1930, we 
bought UMM) \^ hite Leghorn hahy ehieks and, feeling that 
we couUl not afror<l to take any chanees, we raised them 
the Ful-O-Pep way. Our loss was small and we raised a 
fine floc'k of large-bodied, healthy pullets that were able 
t<» stand up under heavy production. ... In September 
we housed 1500 pullets. They laid from 55% to 65% all 
through the winter months, making a record of 205 eggs 
per bir<l, flock average, from Oct. 1, 1930, to Oct. 1, 1931. 
. . . We grade our eggs an<l market them wholesale, at a 
premium, and the profits for one year paid for the new 
laying house, in spite of depression prices. . . • '^ 

Mr. Greider*s experience, like thousands of others, proves 
that Ful-O-Pep Feeds are prosperity builders for poultry- 
men. And now profits are doubly assured with Ful-O-Pep 
Chick Starter at the new low prices. See the Quaker Dealer 
in your district and arrange for a supply of these feeds. 



Chick. Start fv 


IT ♦ 

« • 


MARCH 1932 

VOL. 37 - NO. 3 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine 

IssMea the first of each mox\X\ by Everybodys Poultry yiagazxrxe 
Publishing Company, Inc., Hanover, VenrxsyXvania 

in this yssiuz 

Chicken Pen-ings 

$965 Profit Instead of $153 Loss 


Egg Grades and Egg Grading Explained 

B. J. Lawless, Jb. 

In the Midst of the Chick Season 

WnxASD C. Thompsow 

Breed Toward Uniformity of Egg Sixe 

H. J. Smiixy 

These Three Factors Measure Success 

Habbt R. Lewis 

How Poultrymen Use the Five Senses . . 

JoHW H. Rtwiwsow 

Everybodys News Pictorial 


More About Laying Batteries 

Habbt R. Lewis 

Your Poultry Partner , 

Women in the Home and on the Farm 

AuwT Saixt 

A Good Wire Floor Construction 

L. M. BussET 
An Ambition That Has Been Realized 

H. T. Jamfs 

Treat the Air They Breathe 

Jaubs H. Buswell 

"The Death That Comes Unseen" 

J. Waxteb Kelleb 

Good Stock Deserves Good Housing 

Mabtir Youho 

Everybodys Turkey Department 

Saba Rkitz 
/n<f«ir to Guaranteed Advertisert on page 116 














. 148 
. 150 
. 154 
. 156 

C. N. Myers. Prcsidrnt 
Jas. T. ni-sTo:^. Mng. Editor John H. Robinson. Editor 
R. B. Alleman. Sccy.-Trcaa. Harky U. Lewis, Asso. Editor 

Jar. T. Huston. Jr. I^ns Paul Graham Sara Rettz 
WiLLARD r. Thompson D. Q. Gbabill A. W. Cabpkxteb 

\Vf xtrrn Adrcrtiainif lirprrMmtntivr 

H. C. WiiEKi.EB, 4(K) North Miihisan Avenue, Chicajro. 111. 

EaMtern Advertising Rcprrscntatirr 

A. H. BiixiNGSLKA. 101 Park Avenue, New York City 

Entered at the Post Office »t Hanover. P». 

April lit. 1B16. ■» Second OlMn Matter 

It I 

i^ I A K i<: IC 

V V. K II S 

1 X 

s T IK I r i: II 

.\ 4 K S 

The Publisher's Comer 

• The poultry industry has been 
less affected by present disturbed 
conditions than any other line of 
endeavor. While prices of poultry 
and eggs have declined in line with 
prevailing price levels, the drop 
has been considerably less than 
other products — on the other hand 
the demand for poultry and eggs 
has held up finely. 

• If you have been one of those 
undecided just how far to go with 
your poultry operation this season 

consider the undisputed fact 

that no other line of agriculture 
offers the opportunities as pre- 
sented in poultry culture, prepar- 
ing right now to raise your normal 
flock of pullets. 

• Raise the finest and best flock 
of poultry you have ever grown 
this season of 1932. Aside from the 
velvet in price for eggs and poul- 
try meat that will result from dis- 
criminate purchases of either baby 
chicks or breeding stock you will 
have the personal satisfaction of 
being one of the growing number 
of poultry raisers who are meeting 
the public demand for quality 
table eggs and which are a direct 
result in size and uniformity to 
scientific breeding. 

• Feed costs represent at least 
50% of the producing costs of 
poultry meat and eggs. Low cost of 
quality poultry mashes, growing 
mashes and starting feeds is an 
added incentive to "stick" to your 
poultry keeping this year. 

• By the way, if your subscription 
has expired to Everybodys, send in 
your renewal today. The immediate 
issues ahead will be of exceptional 
value to you. Common sense ideas 
presented to you designed to be 
timely to fit every step you must 
make during the brooding and 
rearing season. Use expiration 
blank enclosed. 

J. T. H. 


Subscription Prices 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
is 4 years for $1.00; to new 
subscribers or trial, two years 
for 50c, and one year for 25c; 
to subscribers in Hanover and 
foreign countries two years for 
one dollar: to Canada one year 
for one dollar. 

Change of Address 

If you change your address 
during the term of your sub- 
scription notify us at once, giv- 
ing your old as well as your 
new address and also the sub- 
scription number which apF3ars 
on the wrapper of each copy 
mailed to you. If possible tear 
the address oflF the wrapper and 
mark the change thereon. 

Address all communications 
and make all checks payable to 
Everybodys Poultry Magazine, 
Exchange Place, Hanover, Pa. 


Always state whether your 
subscription is a new one or a 
renewal, renew by the same 
name and initials as address on 
paper or else explain why you 

Advertising Rates 

will be furnished on request 
with full and complete informa- 
tion pertaining to distribution 
of circulation. 



We had supposed that the practice 
of farmers exchanging roosters was 
extinct. A "Rooster Exchange Day" 
for farmers who wished to sell, buy 
or exchange roosters was held at Sib- 
ley, la., November 28th last. 

The Maryland Experiment Station 
reports the results of some six-day 
trials of feeding smutty wheat to 
poultry. The conclusion drawn is — 
"smutty wheat was fairly satisfactory 
from the standpoint of palatability 
and lack of deleterious effect, al- 
though its feeding value was some- 
what reduced due to the destructive 
action of the smut." Few practical 
poultrymen will accept this conclusion 
which is based on observation of two 
lots of four birds each. Experience 
with damaged grains generally has 
taught them that fed continuously 
they do not promote full growth and 
production, and often do appear to be 
responsible for an abnormally large 

Order Blank-3 

Enter my Subscription 

n 4 yri. $1.00 

for [2 2 yrs. 50c 

D 1 yr. 25c 

A western town last year shipped 
10,000,000 eggs to St. Louis. A 
malhcmatically minded St. Louisian 
has tompuied that they would make 
an omelet a quarter of an inch thick 
big enough to cover half the city area. 

Thirty Iowa farmers last year gre-w 
about 30,000 turkeys, in flocks of 
from 500 lo 2000, from day old tur- 
keys hatched from eggs from Cali- 
fornia at a local hatchery, the 
proprietor of which raised 7000 

I enclose Remittance for amount The market rep.^rt in the Egg and 

*nd term checked. Poultry Magazine, an organ of the 

distributing trade, asserts: "The cus- 
tom of selling fine eggs in cartons. 

My Name and of selling all the poorer and 

medium quality eggs in bulk and call- 
ing them 'storage' seems to be more 

fixed than ever today. *** The finer 

qualities are rarely sold as storage 

Address . . 

In turkey breeding experiments to 
develop high fecundity at the Califor- 

Post Office nia Station, a Bronze Turkey hen has 

laid 170 eggs in a year. 

State The home economists of the U. S. 

Department of Agriculture say that a 
'F\7"F'R VT^OF)YS dozen eggs a week, at the least, 

CVClviowi^rxo should enter into the diet of a family 


HANOVER, PA. perhaps the greatest disturbing 

element in the marketing of eggs in 
Please turn to page 151 


OIK (lUARANTKK: To prove our faith in 
Uie honesty of our adverliscrs, we KU«r- 
anItM) actual su>>Heriliers against ius8 due lo 
iiaciilulent mi»repr«'si»matioii liy ajiy of tlie 
fdlluuiiiK hrms or individuals whose ada ap- 
pear ill lOverybodys Poultry Magazine. All we 
a^l{ is that you meiilloii l'>f«ryhodys Houliry 
Mak'aziiio whtn answeriiiK advertiBemoJils, that 
you order during the monlh in wtiioh the ad 
appears and Uiat you inform us within 30 
day^ of any loss due lo fraudulent misrepre- 
nentation of the advertiser, givlnK full par- 
lic'ulars. We <;aiinot, however, adjust lossea 
due lo faulty raanaKemeni hy the purchaser or 
liuarantee the acouunt^ of lujiiest hanknipts 

Allen Co.. \V. F l.'?S 

Aluminum Marker Work* 153 

American Mushroom Industries 133 

Arndt. Milton It 126 

Athens Chick llatctiery 145 

American Incuhators, Ino 133 

Keek's Hatchery 154 

Bird Bros. 150,158 

Bloomi-r Bros. Co 147 

Brown Fence & Wire Co 134 

Brower Mfg. Co 136 

Beck, R. L 142 

Booth Minorca Farms 140 

Berry's I\>ultry Farm 154 

BulTalo Incubator Co 195 

Booth Farms 131 

Bowden, Sherman and Son 150 

Bramhle Poultry Farm 150 

BurreU-Dugifer Ca ISS 

Boyoe, R. O., Poultry Farm 138 

Carpenter Co., W. J 14» 

Conkey Co.. O. E 137 

Crown Iron Works Co 134 

Chlo-Tono Co 147 

Calirornla Co-operaUve Market 133 

Baton I/eghom Farm 156 

tigg and Apple Farm 141 

Kahelman and Sons, John W 127 

Rlmcroft Breeding Farms 147 

MlMhethtown Poultry Farm 151 

Kihenshade Turkey Farm 156 

Kverard-. Morris Co 156 

Ferris. Ceo. B 130 

Fishing Creek Poultry Farm 145 

Farm Serripe 152 

Fox Poultry Farm 155 

c;«lden Rule Hatchery 141 

Hall Brothers 146 

Hauck Mfg. Co 133 

Hess and Clark, Dr 147 

Illinois Hatchery 13» 

Independent Mfg. Co 144 

Johnston Co.. Alys 153 

Jayl>eegee Farms 126 

Jeffreys Turkey Farm 156 

Kerl!n'< OrandTlew Poultry Farm 129 

Kerr Chlckerles 143 

Kauder. Irving 135 

Utwit Farms 154 

I>ird Farm* 150 

I.,owry. (Sen. , Poultry Farm 130 

r.earter Farms 126 

l/i>ciist tJroTo Poultry Farm 150 

I,ut7. Kdwarrl C. Poultry Farm 147 

l.aiica.Hter Farms Hatdiery 143 

I,ang, I.. F 136 

I/OTie Kim llaicheries 141 

Mnesville Hatchery 136 

Ijintz Hatchery 152 

• .anraster 0.<mnty ("eed Co. 133 

Lcderle lAlioratorlea 136 

.Myers, C. N 143 

Merck and Co 137 

Moeller Instrument Co 136 

Misiuuri Poultry Farm 130 

Ma-vsatnitteii Farms Hatchery 143 

Mrtal Kgg Crate Co 134 

Mai>le lySWfi Farm'< 152 

National I"y>ultry Band Co. 142 

Neulfrt Co.. R. F 133 

Naiinnal Poultry Instltut* '.44 

Nunda Poultry Fann 150 

National OH Pn>duct.s Co 135 

Newton. O. A. and S<«i 153 

Outdoor Rnterprise Co 149 

Pratt Fi«od Co 133, outtldr hack oo»er 

Parks and Sons, J. W 138 

Pennsylvania Poultry Farm 152 

Putnam. 1 128 

Purina MllU 125 

Potter Poultry Farm 154 

Plymouth Rook Squab Co 133 

Poultry Tribune 1 44 

Peerless Chemical Ca 133 

•Maker Oats Co tnilde front ooTer 

IloeelawTi Poultry Farm 139 

llodtiird Farm 134 

Relman. M M. '?>« 

Rih Simrie Cdnprete Corit 142 

Richland Poultry Farm 141 

Hittenhouse. f.. B '54 

Smller Farm* ... '52 

Standard F.nplne Co 1*2 

Siiil' ltr«i Farm* 145 

S'ul'cMi. Mr and Mrs I^* 

Smith Chlckerlc* 1 40 

Smith. F,.! Uehorn Farm 145 

Steen Piriltry Farm '41 

Sii'wiman I'ovllry Farms '56 

Strrck. Mrs. Ceo M '5" 

Trwlinnoik Fa-m 153 

Tnt'sc"! ISv-1'r.idncfs and rhemlful Corp. 149 

Tru^low Poultry Farm 

Thornwood Poultry Va'ds 

Towns^nd and Sons, E. W. . . . 

Thompson, J. F 

I'nited Brooder Co 

flih Poidtry Farm 

Warren INmltry Farm 

Wfie fhlck Farms 

Wlllaner Machine Co 

WelslTel Farm 

WTiitmiiyer. ('. W.. Lahoratorle 

Wllswi's Poultry Farm 

Wolfe's IVviltry Fa-ro 

Wright Farm and Hatchery ... 

Wejrateiia Farms 

Voung Co., E. C 






¥ • 

# • 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine 

Teaching Practical Science and Scientific Practice; Promoting QoodwilU 
Harmony, and Confidence; Building Better, Bigger Business 

$965 Profit Instead Of $153 Loss! 


Figuring from actual 
records, 31 Ohio farmers 
made $965 per flock last 
season, while 16 others 
lost $153. Let us see 
where the difference is. 

DTD you make ^905 from 
your chickens last year? 
That's the tidy income 
made by 81 Ohio farmers who kept 
records during 1930. Even though 
you failed to make that much, 
perhaps you are more fortunate 
than the 16 farmers who lost 
money to the tune of $153 per 
flock. That is a profit of $2.94 per 
bird as compared with a loss of 
$0.46 per bird. Finding out how 
these 31 good poultrymen made so 
much money from their chickens 
will help you to make more money 
from y(»ur flock this year. 

There is no guess-work about 
the income made by these i)oultry- 
men. They kept a detailed record 
and found out definitely about 
such items as egg production, 
mortality, feed cost and selling 
price per dozen eggs. 

All of the poultrymen who kept 

records were not so fortunate as 

those who made $965 per flock, nor 

as unfortunate as those who lost 

$1.53. These are the two extremes, 

and represent the most i)rofitable 

and the least profitable flocks out 

of a group of 214 Leghorn flocks. 

These extremes show that profits 

from chickens depend on sound 

management even more than on 

the price of eggs, the price of 

chickens, or the price of poultry 

feeds. We can't easUy change the 

price level of these products, but 





Interior view of the second floor of Ldand Vlcver'n three jtor,, chicken house 
relZZledfZma part of his Irn. Mr. Clever /. o.^of the 31 hiyh profit poultry. 

men mcntio}icd in thts article. 

we can cut our cost of production 
and get the same results. 

Profits, as used in this article, 
means the return above all costs 
except for the poultryman*s own 
labor. Lots of folks call it labor 
income. Costs include such items 
as feed, repairs, artificial lights, 
depretiation, five per cent allow 
ance on all money invested, for 
interest, and two per cent for 
taxes. When a poultryman can 
take a flock of 393 chickens and 
make them pay all of the cash 
costs, all depreciation suffered. 
5% earnings on the investment, 
and still have a profit of $9()5. he 
is really making money from 
chickens. In fact, this is more than 
many folks make on their entiie 
farm business. 

These are not commercial poul- 
trymen but they are farmers who 
have gone into the chicken busi- 
ness on a little larger scale than 
most folks do. They kept their 
poultry records in co-operation 
with their County Agricultural 


Agents and the Poultry Extension 
Division of the Ohio State Univer- 

Let's get some pointers from 
these farmers on their methods of 
making chickens pay. Perhaps 
they will point the way for gi-eater 
profits on our flock during 1932. 
Sound management practices al- 
ways prove profitable. Even tho^ 
we can't make quite as many dol- 
lars this year as those good poul- 
trymen made in 19:*.0, we can be 
sure that the dollars we do make 
will go further than they would 
in 1930. 

Here are the facts in dollars and 
cents on all of the income and cost 
items on the two groups. These 
items are shown on the per bird 
basis using the average number 
of birds for the year. IIow does 
your flock stack up with these? 

Notice that the poultrymen with 

the high income had :?2.00 per bird 

less investment tlian those with 

the low income. They spent 22c 

Please turn to page lU 

Egg Grades and Egg Grading Explained 

The correct practice in 

grading eggs, and its 

advantages as shown by 

actual results* 

POULTRVMKX in Pennsyl- 
vania, while leadinjij all states 
in the value of annual egjj 
crop, has not nntil recently j?iven 
serious consideration to the possi- 
bilities in eg}j jjradinjr. This situa- 
tion prevailed decade after decade 
in spite of the fact that Pennsyl- 
vania is near tlie heart of the 
greatest ejjg consuming area in 
North America. 

Just now, there is statewide in- 
terest in epj? grades and grading 
and from all corners come ques- 
tions such as these: 

How do you grade eggs? 

What are the factors involved in 
grading eggs? 

Does it pay to grade for size and 

What methods should he used 
in the sale of eggs? 

These are all questions that pro 
ducers ask in anticipation of 
carrying on a gra<ling program. 
In the past, every picxlucer inter 
ested in grading has been forced 
to choose a set of grades tliat 
seemed to fit his needs. Because of 
the variation in the classification 
of grades, standards were set up 
by the state in co-operation with 
poultrymen, as indicated in the 
table on page 148. 

Four quality terms, "Fancy", 
"Extra'', "Standard" and "Trade", 
were adopted under which three 
classifications for size, "Large*', 
"Medium" and "Small", were 
Pleaxv tuni to jxiye 138 

We are (jlad to be able to present 
this information to the readers of 
KVERYBODYS, great numbers of 
whom have recently reciiiexted it in 
letters to the editor. \Vc are doubly 
glad to be able to present it as coming 
from the pen of such an able inform 
ant, who is in charge of poultry market 
ing, Pennsylvania Bureau of Market- 


FaxiQx Lar»g$c Gna^de. 




Dozen u\ 





4a4i 3Z13 

Sept 4575 





SO 83 






Reluirns per 

Case irx 








4393 4872 

4S06 4761 

•8.58 •360 *944 •748 



•15 25 



•1-2 69 




14 61 

»14 28 

Returrvs per Case 


Less 1 Less 


t£.n r™. 'i—n 









• 840 •9440 •74^0 


•12 27 



Nel Returns 

lo cases 

♦ o'Bo 


•9.65 *mio 

• 1149 » 133 20 



3755I3888 »n65|ui 26 1II66 111 25 'l0 36'l04a »1I2 50 »IO360 '10460 '.69 '73 '690 790 







»l 22.70 




• 114.90 


» 13080 

Increased ReluLrns 
Dqy le stpwr\ ^ qye C 
Philadelphia Ami NV. 

Per Case 



NfwYork Ph: 

• 196 


• 3 03 


• 243 


• 104 

•7 07 




Per 10 

Cases in 

• O 00 








•4620 •3460 

24 3C 


Fa.i\cy yYc<y/i77n Grade, 













•8 36 

2860 »I0 39 

32 00 



• 1745 

'13 3b 


3330 1982 










• 1015 


•643 •7960 




■ 8.79 



» 120 50 


*i056 •10150 

« 94.20 







• 1.45 











Extra. Lar^e Gra^cio 



^ Per 

Dozen " \r\ 











24 91 









44 SO 




Relxirns per 

Case irv 

»o 00 









12 11 

10 33 







■10 04 


• 40 

H erg 

less I Lfss 

and * a~n H 






















10 Cases 


»o 00 





112 10 










04 30 





• 9740 

hi creased. Relurns 
boylestown over 
rhitadelphi a Jn d 

Pe<- case 

• o 00 











3 17 







2710 •1840 


•26 30 




18 00 


32 50 



Extra. AfGdjum Grande 







29 70 

34 38 

40 43 




24 6e 

23 2S 


33 3? 





• 12)2 








• 916 



• 991 







• 879 


• 8510 

99 lO 

117 20 



-61 »9300 










• 136 


• 7330 






Comparison of Egg Prices 

This chart indicatix the dijjvrtnce hctxain inarkiting on a yrodrd haniH and 
shipping to cither of the tvco large eastern tnarkets. The comparixon of returmt 
is made on the basis of the same grades, Doylestovcn, }icxc York and Philadelphia 
being involved in making comparisons. The returns on Fancy large eggs per 
dozen from July to December, range from 32 to 5k cents for Doylcxtown, 28 to 45 
for Philadelphia and 32 to 48 for Xcic York. Increased returns per case for the 
same period range from $.89 to $4.62 for Doylestoirn over Philadelphia, and $.79 
to $3.48 over N(W York. The second chart shoicing comparisons for the second or 
Extra Grade, show greater returns. The increased returns per case of Doylestoirn 
over Philadelphia, ranges from $1.80 to 5.7.08 and over yeic York the range is 
from $1.49 to $3.2r>. More careful study of the charts trill show greater net returns 
after proper deductions are made for handling and shipping charges. These 
figures are not presented to advocate the use of auction ttmrkttin^ as a means 
of increasing returns, but to show what grading will do. (hading alone is not 
responsible for the entire increases, but materially effeet the condition. Auction 
markets irill not uork everywhere, but grading will. The success of grading 
depends on first, the gradrs, second, the continuance of those grades and third, 
the confidence of the buyer that he is assured of the same quality each time he 
huys. Most producers consider grading a failure when increased returns are not 
realized at the conclusion of tiie first shipment. ('onfid( nee in a graded product 
must be built up hy persistance. edurni'uni and patitiwe. The consumer is not 
lid verse to indicating his or her pleasurr whm rnlue is received for money spent. 


In the Midst Of The Chick Season 

It wiR he impossible for 

any poultryman to take 

too good care of his 1932 

chick flock. 

IT is difficult, and rather use 
less, to try and talk about 
anything other than baby 
chicks to poultry raisers 'round 
about this time of the year! 
Chicks, and their care and man- 
agement, form the all-absorbing 
topic of thought and conversation. 
It is proper that it should be so. 
for the chick flocks of this spring 
are 'the makings' of next season's 
egg producing pullet flocks. 

As the weeks slip by the evi- 
dence seems still further to indi- 
cate that the farmers and poultry 
raisers who have faith enough and 
are able to carry on and ])ut out 
reasonably good sized chick flocks 
this spring will be preparing them- 
selves to take advantage of the 
profit-making possibilities which 
stH'm surely to lie in the laying 
flocks of the coming year. 

Under present prices and costs 
it may not be unreasonable to 
expect to be able to grow pullet 
stock to the ready-to-lay stage in 
this next fall for approximately 
fl.OO. Farmers can make money 
on pullet layers, even at prices 
similar to the low levels now being 
too commonly experienced, if rear- 
ing costs have been held down to 
something like this figure. To do 
that, or l)etter, then, is a good 
objective to set, and the begin 
nings must 1h* made right now, in 
the midst of the rhirk season. 

This articb' must 1h' limited t«< 
some considerjilions of baby chick 
manag«'nient, such as those which 
may help to ket-p the <'ost of layer 
n-placement <lown to a minimum. 
U't us say, perhaps, down to the 
.me dollar maximum. For many 
ihings ran b<' don*- during March 
,i!iil April amongst the rhi«ks in 
l.iooders which will aid materially 
in keeping costs down. 


In the first place, many a poul 
tryman might advantageously con 
sider procuring somewhat more 
chicks than have as yet been 
planned. In some cases, it will 
mean saving more hatching eggs 
and producing more chicks from 
liome flocks, even to the extent of 
saving eggs from well selected 
breeders entirely through the 
month of April, thus producing 
Mav chicks in somewhat more 
abundance than usual. But then' 
is n()thing unsound in that neces 
sarily. This is an unusual year, an 
emergency year, and available 
eggs from good breeders should be 
used for chick jiroduction over a 
longer season than usual. Probab- 
ly those eggs are worth far more 
for chick production than they 
will be during those spring weeks 
on the table egg market. 

Sanitation Cuts Costs 

Sanitation must play a greater 
role than it has done in just nor- 
mal seasons. Sanitation is simply 
well ]»lanne(l, systematic deanli 
ness, and an attempt at disease 
prevention. Poultrymen are some 
times apt to undervalue the busi 
ness asset which is represented by 
each and every chick put under the 
brooders. Every chick which <lies 
or has to be removed from tin- 
brooder flocks represents a dis 
tinct and appreciable loss, and all 
that such a chick has cost up to 
the time of that removal must Ik- 
borne by the chicks which live, and 
especially by those which we are 
trying to get to the ready-tolay 
stage through an outlay of not 
more than .?1.(M>. 

Two b<»ys in New Jersey last 
spring each bought :^00 chicks, 
paying IS cents per chick, or each 
boy paid Sr>4.(K) for liis chick flock. 
One lad was careful, studied his 
propositi(>n with a b)t of care, aiul 
brought his flock through with 
G.S'/f of loss thntugh deaths and 
culling, while the other boy. care 
less and thoughtless in his care 
and management of his flocks, 
especially as to siinitatiou, suf 
fered a loss of 20% . The first boy 


To shorten the time from chick to layer 
will inran that the cost of producing 
each egg during the laying season will 
hi rrdiierd. March and Aphl hatched 
chicks will fit right into this scheme. 

raistnl 142 jmllets, and the other 
onlv 117, and vet their total flock 
costs were not far dift'erent. Num- 
iM'r One had 1*5 more layers to 
show and use for his money and 
investment than did Num!)er Two. 
Their case swms to me to stress 
the economic significance of rear- 
ing just as nearly 100% of the 
available chicks as possible. 

Improved siinitation means, 
roncretely, such things as these: 

a. Refore any setting of eggs is 
|tlaced in any part of the incubator 
he sure to have the incubator 
chamber or tray thoroughly 
cleaned and disinfected. There is 
no excuse for carrying over in the 
m«»ist, warm environment of the 
incubator any disease producing 
Phase turn to im<jf 1)2 

Breed Toward Uniformity Of Egg Size 


Here are the main rules 

to follow in breeding 

toward uniformity in 

producing large eggs. 

THAT the lack of uniform 
larpe ej;g size causes the 
poultryinen of this country 
enorraons losses annually has been 
universally accepted for some 
time. Conditions in the last two 
years, however, have tended to 
brinp this important matter to a 
point wliere the epj? buyers either 
refuse to buy the small eggs or 
penalize the producer of small 
epgs so severely that his exi stance 
as a poultryman is threatened and 
many have been forced to dispose 
of their flocks owing to this cause. 
Others who have been more wide 
awake have introduced new blood 
into their stock, and have, in the 
manner I shall try to describe, in- 
creased the size of eggs produced. 
It is readily accepted that the 
factor of egg size is an inherited 
trait, which would lead to the 
immediate conclusion that this 
factor is sim])le to control, the 
only requirement being to find the 
layers of large eggs and breed 
from them and nothing else. This 
is largely true. It is true, however, 
in the same sense that it is a 
simple matter to build a Ford car. 
All who have visited the Ford 
factories have seen the ease and 
simplicity with which the raw 
materials are converted into the 
finished car. They observed, 
though, that it was due entirely to 
the exact methods and the spe- 
cialized equipment used in the 

The point I wish to emphasize is 
that before one can take up the 
matter of breeding for egg size 
control, an exact system of trap- 
nesting, pedigreeing and line- 
breeding must be installed, which 
in turn requires the use of spe- 
cialized e(piipment on a breeding 
plant. With this to work with we 

ThiM picture icon taken jiixt an thin pullvt uan in the fluxh of production, and 

illuistratts the type, of Leghorn that can he e-rpeeted to lai/ uniform size large 

cyijs, She tips the scales at better than five pounds. 

have yet to consider the well 
known factor of atvism, meaning 
that the natural tendency of birds 
is backward as regards laying 
large eggs. Breeders of all types 
of living creatures are constantly 
coml)atting reversion; the longer 
they have been carrying on this 
battle, the freer they find their 
stock from the objectionable 

We use the following methods 
here at Smiley Farms to control 
and fix uniformity of egg size. It 
has been established that there is 
a direct and close relation between 
body size and egg size, so irregard- 
less of the j>edigree back of the 
bird we do not trapnest a ])ullet 
that does not weigh four [>ounds 
at the time the first egg is laid in 
the trajinest. We also weigh the 
first five eggs she lays and also 
the eggs she lays for five con- 
secutive days each month follow- 
ing during the first production 
year. Several years ago we set a 
standard that pullets that did not 
laj' 24 ounce eggs by December 1st 


would be eliminated as candidates 
for future breeding pens. 

We have found from consulting 
many of our records that the male 
influences the matter of egg size 
to a very marked degree, and for 
over five years we have checked the 
records back at least five genera- 
tions for egg size. Our records 
show that it is not safe to depend 
upon a bird as a breeder that came 
from a small egg mating, no mat- 
ter if she did lay a very desirable 
size egg herself, as the law of 
reversion asserts itself frequently 
in a case of this kind. Occasionally 
small egg birds will come from 
matings that show no small egg 
aucestory for five generations back 
on male and female pedigrees. 

Our experience has l)een that it 
is not safe to breed from males 
whose dams averaged less than 26 
ounce eggs in their jnillet year, 
and thev should also show that 


this large egg characteristic was 

possessed by their ancestors; the 

farther back it goes the better the 

Plcatic turn to page 1^0 

These Three Factors Measure Success 



Efficiency, specialization 
and co'Operation are the 
three main principles of 
poultry raising that are 
met by every poultryman 
on the road to success. 

EVERY poultryman is per- 
sonally and vitally con- 
cerned in putting into prac- 
tice those principles of poultry 
management which will insure to 
him the greatest success and 
financial return. 

While there are a great many 
principles and factors which 
might be enumerated as bearing 
on success with poultry, there are 
three of outstanding significance. 
These three, to a greater or lesser 
extent, apply to every poultry 
operation, large or small, diver 
sified or specialized. While it is 
true that they vary in relative 
importance under different con- 
ditions and ditlerent types of 
poultry operations, they are the 
three factors which every poultry- 
man should study critically to see 
if he is meeting them to the fullest 
possible extent. Let us see just 
how they apply. 


First of all, the birds them- 
selves, which are the producing 
machines must be well grown and 
vigorous, free from disease and 
they must have been bred for egg 
production. If a poultryman is to 
iiave really efficient producing 
units, he must carry on breeding 
oi>erations, must not only trap- 
nest and mate birds intelligently 
on his own farm, but if possible he 
should enter birds in egg laying 
contests and should maintain a 
substantial flock in home record 
of performance work. In other 
words, the successful poultry flock 
today depends upon inherent 
ability to produce a large number 
of good sized eggs. This only 

comes from careful selection, mat- 
ing and breeding. An operator is 
not practicing maximum elliiciency 
in his operations unless he is 
doing these things. 

Then we have efficiency in hous- 
ing. No matter how well birds may 
be bred, no matter how carefully 
they are brooded and reared, un- 
less they ai'e kept in an ideal 
environment, unless the houses 
and shelters provided proper pro- 
tection from the elements, and at 
the same time sufficient room, 
proper roosting quarters, plenty 
of fresh air and sunshine, unless 
the housing conditions creates 
these ideal environmental factors, 
the maximum efficiency of the 
flock cannot be maintained. So 
then, the problem is of studying 
one's housing conditions to see if 
they are correct, and if weak 
nesses or faults are found they 
should be immediately remedied 
by remodeling or reconstruction. 
Oftentimes a window here, or a 
ventilator there will correct a 
serious fault which is impairing 
the efficiency of the environmental 

Then there is the efficiency of 
feeding. No machine, no matter 
how capably designed nor how 
well built, can function effectively 
if it does not receive the proper 
kind of raw material. No matter 
how well a hen may be bred, no 
matter in how perfect a house she 
may be confined, unless the food 
which is provided her is adapted 
to the needs of the individual and 
is fed with a clear understanding 
of the kiud of product resulting, 
unless these conditions are met. 
success will l)e only partial. So 
from the standpoint of efficient 
feeding, one must appreciate the 
importance of complete well bal- 
anced rations, rations containing 
not only sufficient food nutrients, 
but an adequate supply of vita- 
mins with proper bulk, proper 
mineral constituents and of the 
correct physical consistency. 

This factor of efficient feeding 
has been pretty well solved 
Please turn to page LiS 


FVFh'Y OPERATIOX. C ircular 
brooder houses, for instance, have 
been found by up-to-date poultri/men to 
be very efficient in housing growing 

KRATIOXS. In the case pictured 
immediately abore, a female mem- 
ber of a hateheryman's family has been 
given complete charge of packing and 
shipping the chicks, and it has worked 
out very successfully. 

TORS in more cffieiently marketing 
the products. Illustration .'<hoirs a phaze 
of this in a community packing house 
irhieh local poultrymen maintain- in 
order to realize more for their poultry 

How Poultrymen Use The Five Senses 

c ^ 

♦ — '^♦>^ 


The skilled poultryman 
becomes so because of 
the use of sight, touch, 
smell, taste and hearing 
in his practical work. 

TITE sorvic'os of the oyes and 
ears in acquiring; knowledge 
of poultry husbandry from 
others are fully appreeijited by 
everyone. The uses of these and the 
other three senses in putting 
knowledge into profitable practiee 
are not so well understood. Those 
who are finding it somewhat diflfi 
cult are often advised to make 
better use of their heads, or their 
brains. Too often the advice is 
wasted because those who give it 
throw no light on the method of 
getting the result they order. 

Most persons who make poultry 
pay well are distinguished for 
quickness in discovering anything 
wrong about their plants and good 
judgment in ai)plying appropriate 
remedies. Less capable poultrj-men 
often attribute the ability to steer 
cleai" of trouble to extraordinary 
luck combined with peculiar in 
sight into poultry problems. The 
true explanation is that the highly 
skilled poultryman, or woman, 
becomes so by cultivating the use 

of sight, hearing, smell, taste and 
touch in his practical work. 

The Eyes 

The most important use of the 
eyes on a poultry plant is to dis- 
cover things w^hich are wrong. As 
a rule a poultry plant, small or 
large, is planned and equipped on 
a good model, and the owner is 
using methods of management and 
supplies of good quality, accord- 
ing to his understanding of the 
directions he follows. Tn a great 
many cases, probably in the great 
majority of cases, l>eginners now- 
adays keep close enough to direc- 
tions and get good enough results 
to work out most of their problems 
without calling on anyone for 
help. The exceptions seem to be 
mostly cases involving something 
it takes practice to be al)le to 
detect. The most common of such 
things are the initial symptoms of 
physical disorders. 

Poultry keepers whose eyes are 
trained to their work acquire the 
faculty of seeing each flock or lot 
of birds as a whole with reference 
to its fitness. At the first glance at 
a flock in wliich there is a bird 
showing any lack of the fitness of 
the flock as a whole, theii* eyes 
focus on that bird. 

The eyes are also the expert's 
reliance in judging how much to 
feed. Even on the modern svstem 
of keeping feed l)efore the fowls 

In a one tnan plant nuch an thin, cupcrialljf, the poultryman, through inlitnnrif 
tcith hiii flock, learnn to ncnxr through inxtinct any couxc for alarm. PhotO 

court vi*y J a men ilfg. Co. 


all the time, or practically so, the 
margin over what the birds will 
consume within any period has to 
be kept small to prevent soiling 
and waste. So judgment as to the 
birds' appetites continues to be 
necessary. This is acquired by 
noting the varying degrees of ap 
parent eagerness of a flock for feed 
at time of feeding. 

Trained eyes also notice at once 
anything unusual about a plant. 
Even so small a matter as the first 
appearance of the little patches of 
excreta which they leave around 
the crevices where they harbor is 
promptly noted by many poultry- 
men as the sure sign of the 
presence of red mites. They also 
learn to take note of the accumu- 
Ifition of droppings in yards and 
on ranges beyond what can be 
safely left to natural disintegra- 
tion; and where chicks are grown 
on grass ranges and expected to 
profit by food obtained from the 
land, it is the eye of the poultry- 
man that tells bv the condition of 
the vegetation how well it is sup 
plying the foods expected from the 

The eyes are. further, the first 
judges of the condition of jwultry 
feeds, a service of far less import- 
ance now than formerly because of 
the extensive use of standard com- 
mercial feeds, but for which there 
is often occasion. The eye may not 
be able to distinguish ordinary 
differences in qualities of feeds of 
the same kinds, but it can as a rule 
tell inferior feed stuffs from those 
of good quality, and detect any 
damage which ai)preciably affei-tP 
feeding values. 

The Nose 

A poultry plant and flock that 
are clean in all respects have no 
oilors to attract attention. Anv 
bad smell points to somethinp 
wrong. The most common bad 
odors on well kept plants are 
associated with disease, coming 
from either head and throat die 
charges or from the droppings of 
birds having digestive troubles. 
Please turn to page 1^1 

♦ < 

Everybodys News Pictorial 



• f ♦ . 


fl^T ^ 


William H. Danforth. left, ha? recently been elected chair- 
man of the Board of Directors of Purina Mills, and Donald 
Danforth, right, is the new president. Both men under- 
stand the farmer's problems thoroughly, and have a great 
deal of faith in his ability to weather the present storm. 


These half dozen Jersey White Giant 
cockerels were five months old when 
killed, and averaged six pounds each 
dressed. These fine meat fowl were 
raised on Jaybeegee Farm, Slocum, R. I. 


Tito Schipa. famous tenor of the Chicago Civic 

Opera Company, has gone in for chickens in a 

big w^y on his farm near Rome, Illinois. He is 

shown here with a couple of his hens. 

•T. W (.Toe) Park*. Altoons. P« . at rhe Winnebago Indian 
Tribe reservatinn in Northern N>l»ra^ka. where he lived 
irith the trilie three days last May and wa.^ initiated into 
tb« tribe, given the name of Wa Jon Ka Feiida. Mr Parks 
WS8 initiated in hurkskin suit made for him h> equaws 
from deer he had killed in Penn^ylvania. 

Beautiful summer range scene on the Edward C. Lutz Poultry' Farm at Middletown. Penna. Pullets 

can certainly be kept comfortable in these ideal surroundings. 






fy' J y The world keeps moving 

MX.e€p up* on apace. Lack of projijress 
'Yf\,'jr)/rtp means staj^nation, and the 
poultry industry even in 
the midst of the great world economic 
depression, continues to forge ahead in the 
development of new and improved equip- 
ment and practices. These new develop- 
ments are of special significance right now 
to commercial poultrymen and farm poul- 
try keepers alike, for their effective use 
tends to speed up production, bring about 
greater efficiency, and hence help to meet 
depression production conditions. Hard 
times always spur one on to greater effort, 
and is a forceful factor in encouraging 
initiative and industry progress. 

The development of batteries, both as 
brooders and for laying hens, is but one 
example of the vigorous ways in which 
poultry people are striving to find a way 
around old-time methods, lien batteries 
possess great potential possibilities in 
eliminating diseases, reducing labor, re- 
ducing feed costs and in bringing about 
greater production. Battery brooding 
possesses great possibilities as a means of 
increasing one's capacity, and economical- 
ly and effectively handling volumes of 
chicks. The great development of pre- 
ventive medicine as applying to the care 
of poultry, is of recent origin. No one can 
expect to succeed unless he is willing to 
study the problem of chicken pox control 
through vaccination, unless he is ready 
also to eliminate disease from his flt)ck8, 
where possible, by making certain biologi- 
cal tests which have proved eminently 

The poultry farm today that does not 
recognize sanitation needs in all of the 
ramifications of the business, is due to 
failure. The development of wire floors, 
the use of the fire gun, the development of 
modern spraying appliances and efficient 
spray mixtures, when intelligently used 
by poultrymen, are a wonderful help in 
keeping the flocks health. Then, there are 

a great many labor saving devices, auto- 
matic water, large capacity etjuipment for 
incubation and brooding, numerous auto- 
matic devices for ventilating poultry 
buildings. These are examples of modern 
development in this field. The poultry in- 
dustry is forging ahead in the develop- 
ment of new methods and new practices 
and it behooves every poultry raiser to 
keep up-to-date if he is going to stay in 
and make a success of the enterprise. 

It means — either keep up-to-date, or 

T Y T • f We are doubtful whether 

tlOW Little a lot of 

It Costs 

poultry raisers, 
who are wearing out 
their energy crying over 
the low level the fresh ef:^^ market has 
reached in some localities, have really 
stopped to think, or rather have stopped 
to clieck up the cost of j)roducing a dozen 
eggs at present feed i)rices. 

The farmer or plant ownier who has 
decided not to raise a normal crop of 
pullets this season is making a grave mis- 
take and he will agree that he has, if he 
will do a little reasoning on his own hook. 

For the month of January and by report 
of the John Tarleton Agricultural College 
Egg Laying Contest, conducted at Ste- 
phenville, Texas, the records show that 
the cost per dozen eggs produced was but 
six cents. The official report of the West- 
ern New York Contest at Stafford, which 
is under the supervision of Cornell Uni- 
versity, shows that for January Leghorns 
consumed 7.4 lbs. of feed, while the heavier 
breeds but a little more, or 7.6 lbs. With 
the prevailing low price of feed, why 
become stampeded into a decision to cut 
down your 1932 crop of pullets? 

The poultry raiser who, on account of 
low price levels. Intends to pass up a crop 
of pullets this year will, as usual, be 
missing out on the most satisfactory of all 
farm crops. Please turn to page 11^6 






- io EXTRA chick life/ 

- to EXTRA chick growth/ 

J.ODAY there's a new tag on the feed bag that makes it 
easier and safer for you to choose a feed for your chicks. 
It tells you about Ingredient "X," the proper blending or 
synchronizing of proteins. . .the putting together of the pro- 
tein ingredients in Purina Chick Startena and Purina Chick 
Growena. It's a guide to the things you want in chick feed 
"—extra life and growth. 

Look at the pictures on your right. Sec what a difference 
is made by Ingredient "X" (properly blended or syn-cron- 
ized proteins). These birds are from the same parentage, 
hatched the same day, and reared under exact conditions. 
Even their feeds contained the same ingredients and were 
alike in analysis. But what a difference in the birds at 
fourteen weeks! 

This year start your chicks on Chick Startena; grow them 
on Chick Growena. Your chicks will be money-makers 
weeks earlier either as broilers or big-framed pullets ready 
for laying when prices are highest. Let the new tag on 
the Checkerboard Bag guide you to extra livabiUty, extra 
feathering and extra growth. Purina Mills, 819 Checker- 
board Square, Saint Louis, Missouri. 


Weight 28.0S ooncet 
/*•/! t^Purina Farm 

This chick did not ^et In> 
gredient "X" (properly 
blended or syn-cron-ized 
proteins) in its feed. At 14 
weeks weighed 1 ponnd 1 
ounce less than bird that 
tot Ingredient "X". 

Weight 45.28 ounces 
Pen 3— Purina Farm 

This chick, same age, did 
get Ingredient "X" (prop- 
erly blended or syn-cron. 
ized proteins) in its feed. 
What a difference Ingre- 
dient "X" made— 1 pound 
1 ounce extra at 14 weeks. 



Arndt Laying Battery 



Dirtiest Jol 

Done in 2 MINUTES 

Ju8t think of It I A few turns of one 
crank and all the decks of your batterj' 
brooders or your hen batteries are com- 
pletely cleared of droppings. No drop- 
ping pans or scrapers to bother with. 



Brooding and Laying Batteries 

Lead the field in eliminating the 
biggest item of labor connected with 
battery equipment. Other exclusive 
features and a complete service that 
assures success from the start. 

FREE Booklet on Battery Manasement 

Gives many prartlcal suggestions wi operat- 
ing BatteriiM sucrcossfiilly. Descrll^s ABNDT 
Brooding and Laying Hattorles. naUerieii are 
the most Inaportant reoent IntruilucUmi In the 
poultry Industry. Get Uio facts from a QuaU- 
fled specialist. 


Battery Brooding Upecialiat 

Dcpt 19 235 Bernard St. Trenton, N. J. 


—The Ideal Dual-Purpose Fowl— - 

The trend today is toward a fowl that 
will combine egg production ability with 
meat capacity. Jersey Giant.s fill the bill 
better than any other variety. Even whtn 
they are no longer useful as prolific layern 
of large egijs. they are at a premium for 
lueat in any markt-t. 

FOR THE BREED, with a total lu bird la)' of 
2ir>7 egxs in 365 days at the Bliode Island egg 

CHICKS AND EGGS from trapnested. blcxwl 
teftted, B. 0. P. aiioestry at a»tonishln£ luw prices. 

Write for eatalo«. 

JATBEEOEE FA&M, Box E, Sloctun. B. I. 

White Leghorn Chicks 

Result of mfre than 20 years 
careful breeding for eeg pro- 
duction. EVEBY MAI<E is 
from a dam with an R. O. P. 
or contest record of 200-298 
egg in one year. EVEBY 
CinCK comes from a Leader 
hen bred and raised ri^ht 
h ere on our own farm 
EVERY BBEEDEB is blood- 

CATALOG which gives a 
complete story of the breed- 
ing methods so carefully 
observed at Leader Farms 

More About Laying Batteries 

That Hen Batteries have 
"arrived** is shown by 
results from actual tests* 

THE question of hen batteries con- 
tinues to create lots of interest. 
Reports of successful experimental 
tests continue to come in, all of 
which tend to indicate more and more 
great potential possibilities in this 
method of housing pullets. Here are 
a few comments on actual tests with 
hens in batteries. 

On October 15th, in Vineland, New 
Jersey, 144 birds were put under 
trial in batteries, 72 pullets and 72 
hens. During the year, from October 
15, 1930 to October 14, 1931, of the 
72 pullets nine tied and 20 were 
culled out. Of the remaining 43 birds, 
27 laid over 200 eggs, nine laid be- 
tween 180 and 200, and five laid 
between 160 and 180, and two laid 
less than 160 eggs for the year. The 
average production of the 43 remain- 
ing pullets was 208 eggs each and the 
entire average production figured 
over the original 72 pullets was 174 
eggs per bird. During their annual 
moult following their first laying 
year, October 15th to December 31, 
1931, thes3 43 pullets did not go 
under 30% production. 

The record the batteries give you 
of each bird at the end of her first 
laying year enables you to save over 
the second year only your most profit- 
able birds, whether for breeding or 
laying purposes. The yearlings come 
through the moult much quicker and 
in better condition for their second 
year lay, making it more profitable to 
carry second year layers and cut 
down the pullet replacement cost. 


The 72 yearling hens placed in the 
batteries on October 15, 1930 went 
into their fall moult right away and 
on our all-mash cage ration had com- 
pleted the moult and were back to 
50% production by the first week in 
January. We were checking these 
hens against their sisters in ordinary 
pens and the cage birds gained hi lb. 
more weight by January 1st, than 
their pen sisters and reached 50% 
production while their sisters had 
reached only 15%. 

One trial lot of 216 pullets was 
taken from over 1000 pullets running 
on range when they were three 
months old and placed in batteries. 
When these pullets were six months 
old the range birds kept in cages 
showed symptoms of worms and were 
given deworming tablets. The next 
morning the dropping boards were 
literally covered with worms. The 
same kind of deworming capsules was 
then given to the 216 pullets from 
the same lot that had been placed in 
cages and not a single worm could 
be found in their droppings. This 
showed us that worms could not 
develop in cages. 

To summarize, the results from a 
number of trials of keeping laying 
birds in cages have shown: 

1. A decreased mortality, which 
means considerable more birds at the 
end of each year. 

2. Birds in better condition and 
averaging one pound heavier at the 
end of the laying year. 

3. The ability to remove non-layers 
and poor layers early in the season 
and the better laying of the remain- 
ing birds gives a much higher per 
cent production. 

4. Reduced operating cost because 
of no litter to buy nor cleaning out 
labor, and a man can care for more 
birds in cages than on the floor. 

Pleanc turn to payc 136 

GUY A. LEADER -:■ R2, Yerk, Pa. 

The Topic of the Hour 

iMiihttj UattericH, Hen Batteries. 
Layinij Cages — -Vo matter bjf irhat 
name they are kuotcn, they have 
eome to oeeupy an important niehe 
in the mindx of (very modern poul- 
tryman. fso many were the requrstH 
for additional information foUon- 
ing AxHoeiatr Editor Leiris' article 
in February EVERYBODY^ that 
here is some more on the same 
subject by the same author. 




the benefit of (^O years of mrm feeding 

WHY? First, because it has been profitable to 
others. It means something, it means real 
dollars in the bank, to raise 99% of your baby 
chicks to maturity. Once might be accident, or 
plain good luck. But when farmer after farmer 
writes in, unsolicited, to tell us their chicks are 
sturdier, healthier, less subject to disease since 
using Eshelman feed — it's more than just accident. 
\t' s proof . 

Second, because it's no accident for Eshelman to 
make good feed. They've been at it for 90 years, for 
four generations. Farmers themselves, they have 
taken genuine pride in their very real contribution 

toward making the farm more profitable. 

Third, because Eshelman's Baby Chick Starter 
suits the delicate digestion of the baby chick, gives 
it every essential for proper growth, and at the 
same time guards against the disorders common to 
small chicks. It is palatable, energy-building, flesh- 
building and bone-building. 

If 'rite today for the Eshelman Poultry Book. It 
covers completely the care of a flock, from the baby 
chick to the laying hen and fattening broiler. A 
complete 72-page book that should be useful all 
year long. Free to anyone interested. Let Eshelman 
help you make 1932 profitable. 





Chick Starter 



This Brooder 

Raises More and 

Better Chicks 

Cost Complete $4.80 

This Brooder will do the work of five Rood 
hens, hroodinjr from 4U to 100 I'hicks. And it 
won't tramii down the chicks or cover tlietn 
with body lice. 

Tf you wish to raise several hundred 
chicks, use a luimluT of these brooders. By 
raising cliicks in small flocks you check the 
spread of white diarrhea i>nd other infectious 
diseases. You prevent the stunting due to 
overcrowdinff. You raise a larger i)ercentnKe 
of stmntr, healthy chicks than by any other 
method, and with less work and bother. 

without atttnttun 

to your 

Easy to Operate — Safe — Ecooomical 

The Brooder shown at top of tliis column 
is heated with the famous Putnam Brooder 
Heater which bums 10 days without filling or 
trimming. Practically indestructible — made 
throughout of brass and galvanized steel. 
Beware of imitation heaters, similar in out- 
ward aPI>earance only, but using old-style, 
unsafe burners which require trimming' every 

I sell the Brooder Heater only. With a 
knife or a pair of shears, you ran make 
the hover in a few minutes from a second- 
hand corrugated box, posting no more than 
Ave cents, perhaps nothing at all. Directions 
f<'r making the hover are packed with every 

How to Get the Brooder Heater 

Send me check for f4.75 and your dealer's 
name. I will ship you a Brooder Heater, all 
charges prei>Bid to yotir door. If not satisfied, 
return the Heater in good order within 30 
days and I will refund your money. 

My booklet. "Poultry Helps." free on 
request. It tells how to make at home 
practical Brooders, Oat Sitrouters, and Non- 
Freezo Drinking Fountains. Will save you 
many dollars. Send today for your copy. 


Soate 315-N Elmlra, K. Y 

BOYCE Leghorns 

• R. O. p. Chicks, Eggs 

• and Breeding Stock 

R. 0. P. Accredited, and Certified Accredited. 
Ofllcial R. 0. P. Yearly Records, 200 to 317 
eggs. Tliey Nuri)a.'« as pkk pnxliiccrs, l<le«l flock 
Improvers, and foundation IiIimhI. First prize 
on LeKhom baliy olilcks at Pel. State Poultry 
Show. R. O. P. I>ept. First on old nx* bird 
and first and second on old trio, besides many 
other prizes. Peilluree matinKS. Wonderful 
values at moderate prices. Pric* lilt and 
circular oa request. 


B. F. D. 2 Seaford Delaware 

Your Poultry Partner 


HERE it is, the first of 
March. We are right in the 
midst of the brooding season. 
The poultryman has brought 
out a fairly substantial num- 
ber of early chicks to produce 
late summer and early fall 
eggs, and to enable him to use 
h i s brooding equipment 
throughout the spring and 
early summer. Brooding is closely 
related and tied in with the process 
of reproduction. In fact the success- 
ful brooding or early growth of young 
chicks limits in a very material way, 
their ability to develop their inherited 
traits — size, egg production, even 
body type and conformation are 
closely affected by brooding and 
early rearing conditions. If chicks are 
overly crowded or stunted in any 
way, not only may there be a heavy 
mortality, but the chicks which do not 
die cannot develop to their maximum. 
Faulty feeding, chilling in the 
brooder, etc., have the same general 
effect. In gneral, we may say that in 
the brooding of chicks, where one is 
desirous of producing high class birds 
for future reproduction purposes, the 
whole theory should be to get back to 
nature just as closely as possible, and 
that can probably best be accom- 
plished by brooding in colony houses 
with colony stoves, scattered over an 
abundant range, heavily sodded with 
green, succulent, tender grass, a 
range which for a number of years 
has not had poultry on it, and a range 
which is separated very definitely 
from the rest of the plant, thus remov- 
ing the danger of infecting the chicks 
with coccidia and intestinal parasites. 

Brooding chicks under these con- 
ditions enables the operator to give 
them what we may call ideal tem- 
perature, fresh air, room, ground, 
feed and range conditions of the best. 
If the colony houses are portable it 
is a big advantage. They can be moved 
a few feet every week or two and thus 
keep the chicks on clean ground. 

Ideal brooder conditions can best 
be created in a portable colony house, 
10x10 or 10x12 in size, well con- 
structed with a double floor, tight 
board walls with paper on the out- 
side, with a proof ventilator and 
adequate openingfs in the front to 
admit fresh air and provide sufficient 
light. The building should be high 
enough so that one's head does not 
hit the ceiling when working in the 
house. The colony house should be 
built on skids so that it can be quickly 
and easily moved about. 

The colony house should be 
equipped with a good brooder 
stove. It should be a stove 
substantially larger in rated 
capacity than the number of 
chicks which will be kept in 
the house. It should be largely 
automatic in its control, that 
is, equipped with an efficient 
thermostat. For the best de- 
velopment of the chicks, three hundred 
is a sufficient number to put under 
one hover, especially where we are 
looking for high quality breeding 
stock. The chicks should be confined 
to the house in the vicinity of the 
stove for the first few days of brood- 
ing, mash and water receptable should 
be placed on wire-covered platforms 
raised three or four inches from the 
floor. The house should be provided 
with an outside wire-covered run for 
the first weeks, after which they can 
be allowed to run on the ground, 
given the run of the range. One 
should use a good dry absorbent 
litter. This equipment, if efficiently 
and carefully operated, will produce 
the very finest brooding conditions. 

Remember, in brooding in colony 
houses there are two or three import- 
ant points to bear in mind. First, 
temperature should be sufficiently 
high so that the chicks do not become 
chilled and crowded. This should be 
simple in such a house as described, 
if equipped with an adequate brooder 
stove. Second, fresh air and ventila- 
tion are necessary to keep the atmos- 
phere in a healthy condition. The 
third es.sential point is that one can 
safely use any of the standard recog- 
nized commercial starting feeds, 
which shovld be fed strictly in ac- 
cordance with the instructions issued 
by the manufacturer. Remember also 
that proper sanitation, that is, fre- 
quent cleaning of the house, main- 
taining the litter absolutely dry, clean 
feeding practices and moving the 
houses from time to time about the 
range onto clean ground, are safe- 
guards to health. 

Brazilian Ducks 

J. T., New Jersey. — Brazilian 
Ducks are commonly called Muscovy 
Ducks. They are not a true duck, but 
a species intermediate between ducks 
and geese. The original color is near- 
ly black. The other colors are white 
and black and white mixed, and blue. 
The latter are not a fixed variety but 
made by crossing blacks and whites. 
The care of Brazilian Ducks is in all 
respects the same as that of other 


ducks. The one point to be especially 
noted is that the period of incubation 
for their eggs is the same as for goose 
eggs, five weeks. 

Blood Spots On Eggs 

Mrs. H. S., Texas. — Blood spots on 
eggs are caused by the breaking of a 
small blood vessel in the oviduct of 
the fowl. The probable cause of this 
in occasional cases is a shock of some 
kind either by some kind of pressure 
on the bird or by fright causing her 
to make a sudden movement. Where 
there is a great dial of the trouble in 
a flock, as is reported in this case, 
and no known causes of disturbance 
which would account for the situa- 
tion; it m:iy be that it is due to re- 
duced vitality in the hens giving them 
what might be called a physical slack- 
ness making them more subject to the 
bursting of small blood vessels in the 
oviduct which when hens are laying 
heavily is heavily loaded with eggs in 
formation and has perhaps abnormal- 
ly high blood pressure. The way to 
test this is to feed to tone up the 
physical condition. This can often be 
accomplished by simply making hard 
grain preponderate in the ration. 

Damp Poultry House 

J. E. v., Michigan. — This sub- 
scriber wants to know why his house 
in which he keeps a flock of 65 pullets 
is damp all the time though it has a 
large ventilator and he keeps one 
window open constantly. Without a 
description of the house and the land 
on which it stands we can only guess 
at the cause of trouble, which we 
suspect to be that the location is on 
ground which does not drain well, and 
perhaps also the position of the house 
with reference to air circulation is not 
what it should be. An area where the 
circulation of air is poor is not 
changed in that respect by erecting 
buildings in it. The ventilation by 
doors, windows and ventilators de- 
pends on enough movement of air 
immediately outside the building to 
force currents through ventilation 

Using Contaminated Land 

J. W. S., Ohio. — Mr. S had hard 
luck last year. The 500 R. I. Red baby 
chicks he bought had in succession 
brooder pneumonia, coccidiosis, some 
kind of bowel trouble, worms and 
roup. A veterinary who examined 
some of the chickens in the fall said 
they had B. W. D. inherited from the 
parent stock. He has cleaned them all 
out and wants to know whether it is 
advisable to try another flock this 
year. He cannot give them a new run 
as all the land he has is an old 
orchard on which last year's chicks 
were kept. This he says would be hard 
to plow under. What seems the best 
way in such a case is to turn the land 
over as best one can, working it all 
Up somewhat even if some hand wo~k 
must be done under the trees, and 
doing it as early in the spring as 



277 Egg Average 

from flock of 190 Pullets 


WoHd^s Great Money Makers 

Mrs. Marion E. Heam, Delmar, Del., bought 300 "Keiiin- Quality" 

S. C. W. Leghorn Chicks in 1930. The 190 unculied pullets started lay- 
ing at 4 mos. 10 days old. At the end of their first year Mrs. Heam still 
had all her original pullets that had laid 52,684 eggs, an average of 
277 eggs each. The pullets were in A-1 condition and weighed around 5Vi 
pounds each. After deducting cost of chicks and feed, and crediting sales 
of cockerels, manure, and eggs, and allowing a value of $1.50 each for 
her hens, Mrs. Heam showed a profit of $1,790.70. 

Where can you make a better investment 
than that? 

Mr. W. S. Crowl, Choctaw, Okla., sent 1500 miles 
for "Kerlin-Quality" chicks because he knew of their 
great laying quality. Everywhere they make good. 
Mr. Crowl had 1047 unculied pullets from 2000 
chicks that averaged 202 eggs each; big, chalk white 
26 oz. to 30 oz. eggs. His income in one year was 
$6165.35. Think of it! 

Win Again 

In the 1931 Poultry Trib- 
une, and in our own contest, 
our cuitomer* won 117 
c«sh prize* oi $1635. At 
the 1932 Pa. Slate Farm 
Show "Kerlin-Quality" 
again won— Eight awards 
—including First and Spa- 
cial.This year we again en- 
ter all our customers in our 
own. and in thePoultryTnb- 
uneContests where $3,000 
cash prize money ia avaii- 

Quality That Counts! 
At a Low Price! 

Breeding and improving Wh'te Leghorns hat been our only 
business for 32 years. Every breeder on our farm is trapnested 
every day of the year. Every chick we offer is hatched right on 
our farm. Surrounded by seven mountains, as we are, there is 
no more ideal spot in the world to produce strong, healthy, 
vigorous birds. That's why we have thousands of letters from 
customers who would buy only "Kerlin-Quality," raising up to 
98% to maturity, pullets laying 26 oz. eggs at 5 mos.— report 
flock averages up to 283 eggs each. 


Don't fail to place your order early, for 100% live delivery any- 
where, when wanted. Already, our customers have shown their 
confidence in "Kerlin-Quality" by ordering nearly twice as many 
chicks as last year. Kerlin Baby Chicks are the best invest- 
ment you czui make. Hatches every week up to July 1. 

Kerlin's Grand View Poultry Farm, 204 Walnut Rd., Centre Hall, Pa. 

Stop **¥imm9in% ChiclMiu''~L«t '*K«rlin-QM«lUar Chlekcns "Km^ Ymvf 

A Color 




Master Bred 


Missouri Poultry Farms is America's oldest, 
largest breeders' hatchery— an organization 
of specialty breeders supplying you through 
one large plant, thereby lowenng cost per 
chick to a fraction of what the chicks must 
bring when sold by the same type of specialty 
breeder operating alone, beanng all of me 
costs of a first class plant alone. Consider 
these facts: 

1 Drumm's Master Bred Chicks are SIRK5 BY 
2. This prepotent breeding added to 46 years' breeding 
dperience produces a class of chicks equalled only by 
theieading specialty breeders whose sauOl producuon 
iDBkes it imperative that tbey 
Mk bi^ier prices. 

^^^"Tlise poul^^ 

Yo« a«^V;«k for ^'^^oality wb»cn 
*« P^^l^yS^"^^'^ SfJ^fit before ^ 

oon. ^»* 


possible; then sowing oats or r>'e on crooked breasts or any other defom^ 

it and putting no chickens on it in ity by passing the hand over the bird 

the early part of the summer. Instead so that the true form 1. ^^^\.'^J"^,?^ 

of buying baby chicks buy pullets of the feathers, and by P^^tmg ttie 

?2 week! age or thereabouts to be feathers if necessary. Crooked breasts 

delivered last of June or in July, are sometimes congenial, and some- 

Wt buy too many. Keep on the safe times caused by deficiency of mineral 

^de of what y^u estimate your land in rations, and sometimes by pressure 

should Tarry in mature birds, and of the bone on the floor or roost as 


for FREE 

MissouKi Poultry Farms, 
Box 120 Columbia, Mo. 
Send your free catalog. 



they can probably be grown to 
maturity with very little loss, possibly 
with none. There is always some risk 
in putting poultry on land occupied 
by an unthrifty lot the previous 
season, but if the birds are all thrifty 
to start with, are past the broiler size, 
and the land has all been worked oyer 
and a strong growing grain occupied 
it the early part of the season, the 
risk is low enough to warrant the 
course here advised. 

Conserving Spring Eggs In 
The Tropics 

p. C., Cuba. — Mr. C asks if there 
is any way he can keep his spring 
eggs, worth $5.00 per case of 30 
dozen until July and August when 
eggs are worth $8.00 to $10.00 or 
more a dozen. He wants an eco- 
nomical method other than "putting 
them in the ice box". The process 
which has given the best satisfaction 
is keeping the eggs in earthenware 
jars in a solution. The 
preservative ingredient is sodium 
silicate, used in the proportions of a 
quart to nine quarts of water. This 
amount is sufficient for 15 dozen eggs. 
To properly preserve the eggs the 
jars must be kept in a cool cellar. 
The writer is not informed as to how 
1 far south the cellars are cool enough 
for this purpose. 

the bird sits. Of course any two or all 
three causes may be making them at 
the same time. Hence it is not enough 
to locate one cause and correct it. 
One must be sure that all conditions 
are right. 

Cleaning Bird*s Throat 

O. S., Illinois.— To clean the mucus 
from a bird's throat take a large stiff 
feather, a wing or tail feather; hold- 
ing it by the quill, pass it down the 
bird's throat, working gently so as not 
to choke the patient, turn it about so 
that it will collect the mucus, and 
withdraw it. When you have removed 
the mucus swab the throat with one 
of the preparations made for that 
purpose, a number of which are ad- 
vertised in this paper. 

OnC'Price Eggs 

F. B., Pennsylvania. — This sub- 
scriber wants us to tell him where to 
find a market that will take his eggs 
at one price (say 35c per dozen.) the 
year round. The editor never came 
across such a market. At long inter- 
vals he has read stories of poultrymen 
who had made such markets for them- 
selves selling eggs house to house, but 
all these were of new undertakings, 
which in the absence of later infor- 
mation showing they were still operat- 
ing, he concluded were soon discon- 
tinued. If any reader knows of a case 
of a poultryman who has succeeded 
in selling eggs that way on a commer- 
cial scale, and for any length of 
time, we would be glad to learn of it. 


L«w Pil« — 
\*mi HEN PASSAIC 357 PTS. 
*World Record 


GEO LOV*RY POULTRY WRH Inc West »itr.initon.Conn 



Ferris quality is known the world 

over. Get prices on stock, eggs 

and chicks from the same blood, 

Una* •■ our famooa winners at 20 eag con- 

tMta with records to S36 east. Our buslneM 

U th* largest of JU kind In the world becaose 

we pleaaeour thooeandaof enstomera. We ahip! 

COD. and jrnarant^e safe arrival and com- 

ptate aatlaf action wbererer you are located. 

Broii'Ti Breasts 

L P We»t Virginia. — It is not ad- 

visaiale *to breed from White Leghorn 
females which have brown breasts. , Don't Lay 

The occasional appearance of birds so UW HenS UOn i^y 
marked is due to reversion, usually O. D. M., 0»»'°;— |^i^ J^ ill 

r^innosed to be reversion to the refers to Rhode Island Reds which 

TrSnal color, still maintained in the lay very well as pullets, but the hens 

BrTwn Leghorn; but unless it appears kept over for breedmg are idle for 

in a stock know; to be pure white for seven months. While it is not definit^ 

7 ^pnpr«tions the more probable ly so .stated, the letter gives the 

"au"e TT ec:'n mTXe! which impression that the stock is of his own 

St be ynih any Brown or Pile breeding for quite a term of years 

Leghorn Trefemafes of the latter is He appears also to have the idea tha 

wV^tewth brown or reddish breast, such results are accounted for as 






921 UNION 



and the male white with red hackle, 
back and saddle. 

Cabbage For Poultry 

L P., West Virginia. — It is un- 
necessary labor to make cabbage into 
kraut for winter feed for poultry. 
Simply grow late cabbage, take the 

characteristic of dual purpose breeds. 
The facts in the case seem to show 
that his Reds are "short distance 
layers", quitting about mid-summer 
and not starting again until near 
spring. This is not characteristic of 
any breed in our time, but often 
becomes characteristic in stocks iiot 

Simply grow late cabbage taKe vne managed to keep or establish 

plants up by the roo^just before the Properly ^^^ ^^.^^^^^^ ,^ ^^^ p,,. 

ground freezes, and put them in a 
cellar or pit to use as wanted. The 
birds can pick them to pieces, down 
to, and often into, the stump. 

Crooked Breasts 

Mr.. A. H. J., lUinoi..— You can 

easily tell whether chickens have 

the quality of persistence in egg pro- 
duction. Four months is about the 
limit for allowance of time out for 
moulting, and many breeders tolerate 
it only in birds that while a little 
slow about getting back to work pro- 
duce enough for the season to offset 
it. We would advise the subscriber to 


1 1 


discard the old stock and replace it 
with stock of better laying quality, 
such as is supplied by all well known 

Raising Quineas 

Mrs. E. S., Indiana. — In raising a 
few Guineas you will probably find it 
more satisfactory to hatch the chicks 
under hens than to use an incubator : 
for the eggs are smaller than hens* 
eggs and the period of incubation a 
week longer. So unless one proposes 
to hatch Guineas enough to make it 
worth while to work out the right 
adjustments of the incubator for 
them, either Guinea hens or other 
hens will do the hatching. The 
chickens can be grown with hens or 
in brooders, with about the same care 
and feed as other chickens. You are 
correctly informed about the palati- 
bility of Guinea meat. It is nice. As to 
the profitableness of growing them 
for market we cannot speak positive- 
ly. Our impression is that with most 
of those who contribute to the mar- 
ket supplies let a few birds run half- 
wild and sell them for what they will 
bring with their other poultry. The 
prices on New York market vary 
greatly and are usually rather low in 
comparison with other poultry. At 
this writing, Feb. 8, they are quoted 
on New York market at 65 cents a 
pair, alive. 

Texas or Chicago Vicinity 

F. M. W., lUinoi..— Mr. W. has in- 
herited some land in Texas 50 miles 
west of Fort Worth, near a town of 
6000. He wants to know which is the 
better location for egg farming, this 
Texas property or a site within 75 
miles of Chicago; and if the latter, 
which direction from Chicago. We 
would say that there would be no 
object in a person going from the 
vicinity of Chicago to any other sec- 
tion to go into egg farming. The 
usual differential between New York 
and Chicago prices is the transpor- 
tation cost. This for wholesale open 
market prices. While nearby egg and 
poultry demands in western large 
cities do not take the volume of 
supplies they do in the principal 
eastern markets, they are large and 
growing; and it appears that as a 
rule there is an advantage to a be- 
ginner in starting in the part of the 
country he knows best. One wishing 
to cultivate a special trade in Chicago 
or a suburb should locate near 
enough to make his owm deliveries by 
truck. The direction is not important, 
but care should be taken to keep out 
of heavy soils. 

Overfat Hens 

Mr.. D. L. S., We.t Virginia.— Mrs. 

S. has a small flock of Barred Ply- 
mouth Rock pullets hatched last April 
which begin to lay late in October 
and after laying about 50 '/r through 
November and December, stopped in 
January, though apparently in good 
Continued on page 151 



,fivmthe Breeder 

'official t^^ 


S42 EGGS. Our All- 
Time Champion Leg- 
horn Hen of U. S. 

)ur cnarapion 
Red Hen for points of ! 
nil U. S. SUndardj 



Jur Orand t.,nani- 
plon pen of Barred 
Rocks for all 19311 
Illinois Contests. 

Renew your flock this year with chicks of 
the finest laying blood in the United 
States. Booth Farms produced the champion 
Leghorn hen of the U. S. and Champion R. I. 
Red hen and set a new World's Record for 
total number of eggs laid by five 1 hen pens 
at all U. S. laying contests. In addition 1 8 pens 
of our Barred Rocks, Reds and Leghorns en- 
tered in 11 different contests for 1931 aver- 
aged over 250 eggs per hen for every hen 
entered in the entire 18 pens, — ano'*^*^' 
World Record. Now you can get chicks o\ 
these same blood lines at the price of ordmary 
hatchery stock. 

Booth Clucks Always Profitable 

Even with low prices. Booth customers in 
all parts of the country have been able wO 
make bigger profits with their poultry than 
from any other farm crop. You can produce 

eggs and broilers cheaper with our stock because 
you get more eggs and meat with the same 
amount of feed. Mr. Russell, Leominister, 

Mass., nets $2.66 per hen 
profit in 3 months on eggs 
from Booth White Wyan- 
dottes. Mr. Westbrook, East- 
land, Tex., produces broilers 
from our chicks for 4.6c per 
lb. Raymond Houts, a Mis- 
souri boy nets $256.90 profit 
from 300 AAA chicks bought 
last year. 




Standard Quality Chick* 

White LeghornB 
Brown Leghorns 

Reds, Anconas . . 
Barred Rocks . . 

■1 » 


100 500 1000 

6.40 $31.00 $60.03 

7.40 35.00 
8.40 40.00 


Special Quality 

100 500 1000 

^ 8.90 $43.00 $ 85.00 
9.90 48.00 95.00 
13.90 53.00 105.00 


White and Silver Wyan. } 

Buff Ori>s., White Rotks i 

Assorted Heavy Breeds— 100. $6.40; 500, $31.00. Light Assorted— 100, $5.40; 500. $27.00. 

AAA (250-342 Egg Record) Trapnest Qual- 
ity Chicks, 4V2C more than Special Quality. 

Guaranteed to Live and Lay More Eggi 

lU.oth chirks are from BLOOD TESTED flocks 
and are guaranteed to live and lay more eggs 
after they are grown than any you can buy 
elsewhere as explained in our catalog. Only the 
knowledge that Booth hens have outlaid those 
of everv other breeder competing with us in the 
official laying contests makes such a guarantee 

Free Chicks With March Orders 

with each order for A.X-Speclil Quality or AAA- 
Trautiest Quality dilck-S. NKikcl ilurliiR March, we will 
civa a .letiiiito iiumlior of Hilcks KRKK, deiM-iuliii? on 
the ordered anil date of delivery wanted. Price 
list ciTes full particulars. 


Clinton, Mo. 


Free catalog tells all 
a)<Mt o'lr lireedinx iiU'tho<ls 
that will dotihle your p«ui- 
try protlts. (Jives full con- 
test renird* anil pediKrces 
aiul dlinws actual photon of 
otir rarm a mI high record 
breeding flock;. 

Box 712 


. 1, 




Women in the Home and on the Farm 


The Difference 

Sometimes ice hear somehodii sniL 
*'\Vhen loiceriiiy tfkics pour 
dotrn the rain. 
Such xrentherUt disheartens me; 
I just want to complain, com- 

We hear some other body say: 
^'Thrsr rainy days I do not 
mind ; 
Some deed to do — or something 
That brings mc cheer, J alicays 

E. if. II. 

Taking Stock 

Eavesdropping is usually the un- 
doing of the listener, but in this case 
it was the "glorified light" to a 
mother who had three children in 
school. The conversation overheard 
was from a group of teachers and ran 
something like this: "One can form 
an idea of their home life, by observ- 
ing the pupils," began one teacher. 

"Yes, I judge the family discipline 
too, by a scholar's conduct." 

"Not only their conduct", said an- 
other "but I always seem to see neck 
and ears." 

"I see shoes, especially the heels", 
ventured a shy looking girl. 

"Well, the spring sunshine shows 
up hands and nails to perfection, and 
hot wiater and soap seems a(> house- 
hold lack with most of my pupils," 
concluded one, with a deep sigh. 
■i "if'YeS, and safety pins! Great help 
they are, but were never intended as 
button substitutes for more than a 

"A trip to the barber is always 
postponed by the boy who can't find 
the comb in the morning," At this 
they all burst out laughing and the 
eavesdropper slipped on by un- 
noticed, but a much wiser mother. 
She began "taking stock" at once, 
and decided improvement would be- 
gin right at her own home and three 
school children. 

Scraping Apples 

On a certain morning in a large 
institution for children, the sun par- 
lor was one riot. Noisy, impatient and 
fussy. The attendants were at a loss 
to know how to restore order. Finally 
a small nurse took a look in and re- 
turned with a tray of bright red 
apples. Soon she had the interest of 


May Easter Day to you impart 
It's blessings, rich and true; 

JVith peace and gladness fill your heart. 
And bright hope bring to view. 

all the children by the old fashioned 
act of simply scraping apple. The 
larger children "were given fruit 
knives and soon they were all 
occupied either scraping or "giving 

It maybe you have a restless child 
in your home whose attention and 
good graces can be won by the same 
thing. It will apply equally as well 
to older folks who require amuse- 
ment. Try it. 

Quilt, Quilt! 

Last year I thought the gamut of 
quilting had been run, but did you 
ever see such a craze for patchwork 
and of the most intricate designs? 
Hardly a group of women assemble 
for any week day meeting without 
one or two bringing forth a work box 
and immediately they get busy 

Visiting in a very modern apart- 
ment recently, I was surprised to have 
my niece say as she opened her guest 
room for me, that she wanted to have 
her lovely Chinese appliqued muslin 
spread, quilted. Later going through 
one of the largest city stores she 
convinced me that quilting did add 
much to the decorative effect, 
especially as they are now used as 
throws for day beds as well as top 

The cotton appliqued designs are so 
colorful. I have not heard of a return 
of oldtime crazy quilts made from silk 
pieces that soon fell into tatters. The 
present day rayon fabrics would be 
even less endurable so that stage of 
quilt making may be avoided by this 


Easter Pie 

To the heated milk add the mix- 
ture of beaten egg yolks, sugar, salt 
and cornstarch moistened with cold 
milk. Cook until thickened, add the 
cocoanut and pour into the pie crust 
which has been baked for 10 minutes. 
Cover with a deep meringue and set 
in a moderate oven until the top is 
tinted a light brown. If your family is 
large for the Easter dinner, select 
the largest round pan you have 
double the recipe, adding an extra egg 
white or two which will make the 
meringue as deep as the pie filling, 
and serve at the table. 

2 c sweet milk 

% c sugar 

2 tbsp corn starch 

2 eggB 

M c cocoanut 

hi, tsp salt 

Easter Tea Sandwich 

On a Sunday evening recently, the 
recipe for toast waffle sandwiches 
attracted my attention and I read it 
aloud to the family. Putting the 
thought into immediate action, I was 
soon wrestling the waffle iron over the 
gas flame and in a short time returned 
to the living room with a tray of 
plates, each bearing a toast waffle and 
a cup of coffee. The only comment I 
heard was "More", and so another 
round had to be made. Here is the 
recipe, but fried eggs, ground meat or 
cheese would be as easily handled 
and taste as delicious, I feel sure. 

Shopping Comer 

The itemt dcteribed In the Shopping Corner 
each month, might add to your comfort or 
convenience. To Itarn where they may be 
purchased at the price quoted, mail a Mif 
uddrnted rnvelope. with a clipping of the 
item or items you wish, to Shopping Corner, 
Everybodyi Poultry Magazine. Hanovor, Pa. 

TWEED MESH HOSE — You know for 
country wear these are new fcr sport outfits 
and are so durable. They come in tans and 
colors. With oxfords or sport shoes they look 
dressier than cotton hose, and are more be- 
coming than silk hose of any grade. Price $1. 

NIFTY SIFTER — Haven't you wrestled 
trj'ing to flour steak, spring chickt>n and fish 
for frying or boiling? Flour would be scat- 
tered over the table, on the flour and your 
fingers all messy. Well, here is the euro. 
.Sjiread out your meat to be floured, press the 
8i>ring handle of the Nifty Sifter and it will 
be floured covered as evenly as snow falls. 
Price 35c. 

FRUIT JUICER — These come in two sizes 
Orape Fruit and C>range. They deliver all the 
meat of grape fruit, oranges, i>ineapples, 
tomatoes, etc., the juice, and strain off the 
s»ed« without any "squirting". They will 
last a lifetime. Price $1.25. 




A V I c o I 

Here is the most effective treat- 
ment ever discovered for the bowel 
diseases which kill millions of chicks 
every year. Easily used — simply drop a 
tablet In the drinking water. Absolutely 
safe. Gives the delicate Intestines of a 
baby chick the exact scientific help needed 
to combat diseases due to filth swallowed, 
improper feeding, etc. Acts with amazing 
quicknesa Costs only a few cents a month. 
Experienced poultry raisers have used 
Avicol for over 15 years, and have reduced 
their chick losses to practically nothing. 
Send 50c for liberal package, guaranteed 
to do the work or money refunded. 


^^807 Postal Station, Indianupolis, Ind. 

Sliced bread 

Butter for spreading 

6 tbsp brown sugar 

1 tbsp cinnamon 

Pinch of salt or a few drops of vanila 

Cut the bread in slices the full 
width of the loaf. Spread one slice 
with butter and the other with the 
sugar and cinnamon mixture. Press 
the slices together and lay on a well 
preased waffle iron, closing the lids 
tightly together, slowly. Keep turning both sides are a crisp brown. 
Serve at once. 

Qarden Notes 




KMIt Rati 

Nething Elie 

Safeway Rat Rid is made from oven dried 
Red Snuill as recommended by U. S. Dept. of 
Agriculture and is harmless to human b^inKS 
and domestic animals. .V)c at your doaliT or 
direct. Peerleti Chemical Co.. Morn*!!. N. T. 


vttk.KadU>tumpt€>rt4amifi. y Another: Have alwayt 

Raised In 

Breed PR Royal sqtiatM. sdl rich trade 
1 month. Sell for double chicken prU„,. ^. — 

chesD Sl»rlnow. We •hio br«»<t«r» •rerywhere oo Uiiwe 

March is such a busy month unearthing 
winter things and getting ready for summer. 
If you havo already sown the plants inside 
the house at a sunny window, see that the 
midday sun does not wilt down the plant.s. 
Either druw the sh:ide or move the plants. 
Do not overwuter and i)revent the rot that 
comes right at the soil level. Transplanting 
indoors is ver>' often satisfactory. We pay 
5c for each tomato plant rooted in a tiny 
pot, so they are nice to have for early 

March is the month to put in the foot deep 
large onions and before April Fool's Day you 
can spadH up tender tops fully six to eight 
inches in length. They excel the spring grown 
onion in flavor and size. Any variety of large 
onions will answer the puri)Ose. 

May King is a favorite for first planting 
in the lettuce bed. Sow broadcast then thin 
out for the baby chicks, is a rule with us. 

Not too late to fill in on the seed order. 
Most of the seed houses look for a second 
and third ordering. Women, you know are 
allowed the privilege of changing their minds. 
T!ie se"d catalogs are filled with bargains this 
year. Study their flower collections and have 
plenty for cutting and still have a good 
showing as your garden or lawns are viewed 
by passers by. Take advantage of the special 
CI llections as you see them in the catalogs 
and enjoy a wealth of flowers this summer. 

Jek ,ureesM/ul wit* ckuk,;^ **'25T^^ iT'-J^ 
ahfad of tkim." Anoth«T •/ am mM up en mpuiU 

-^ n iiwr« Extra WkiU Kino*. 


' ^ffriuT now f^r nfw (rM bisr «4-p. book, oendm* 
^.,-_ four c*nu itamKe for poetaae. lean bow to 

br.«l and profit by fMteoleo 91:111. 
ptymeu'h P-vS •'•o.b Co. 433 M St.. MalroM. M—MChu— m 


Better Paying Varieties at 
New Lotver Prices. 4 
TnraMid'a 20lk OitaiT Catakc 

, Fully illustr»t«>8 in colors, 
land truthfully doocrlbea 
J th« moiit up-t»(la»« Tarle* 
Ftles. Strawbenlf*. Koipbei^ 
rlei Bl»ckl)errle8, Oiai>e», 

^ -x.—Tttc. Thin ▼»l<i«l'l''f1oo'' ''!'"'**■ 

SONS >ji^ —SPECIAL OFKKK— Send the 

names of six small fruit growers and we will mail joo 
eoii-on f'*'- »1 1^ wo.^h "f plants with your flr^r order. 
C. W.TOWH8CIIO « SONS, 30 Vl«» St., Salisbury. Mtf. 




ftnieh, highly ^li.^*ied. ) 

Set of Btrince und t>ow 

Incladed. Send Na 

Monsy. Joet name and addreoe. W« 

Trust Vou with 20 p«<-k* of^*f^*2 



m»r miB. WrCf'forued* fda-j. LANCASTrR OONTV 

8oa<U to aell at I')c a packet. Wbea sold 
•■ 1 and we wfll 

to plity in .. — 

-SISOO In PiyPKlZr-^ Yoq 

■ ■end Violin OoU 

saod fZ collected and i 
tloa Book. Learn 
niore money jto pay. . . . Extra* 

r m*MiM trd ^ 


SEED CO. Station 144 


Grow Strawberries 

To pay oft that mortgage or buy s 

home or perhaps a car. Thousands 

•re doing it; why nut youl We sell 

the l>e«t plants that can be grown, 

at reatoBabte prices, dwr Bsrry 

Book gires lots of helpful mfot> 

'mstion. It's free. Vi.ur copy U 

readv; Send today. — ed'hess 

iW.F. Allen Co. s'L;Ju"^'.V5: 

I • 


Lower than Pre- War Prices! 

Hatch Your Own — Use 


1900 Egg CosU Only $160.00 

MO.ST compact Incwbator, 38 In. wide and 29 In. 
deep. ,'>4 In. hlgti. Goes throoRh any ordinary 
doorway. Plugs In a/iy lUht socket K«gs 
turned by crank fmm outside — ea* half turned 
H'-itaratolv without jarring. Handy size 80 hen ecC 
tna. Platn wire IxKtom easy to dean. Automstia 
muijture aontruL 

Set 950 egES every 10 days or set 1900 eggs eyery 
21 days. Nu transferring of egKa No extra or separata 
hatohing traya. So simple, everybody can do their 
own hatohing. Sanitary and quic*ly cleaned. 

("«>»ts alHxit M cent per bbi? per hatch on a 4a 
K. \V. rate. Temperature ootilrol. heater, moUir and 
IiniTxJIer and air <x>iit>(»l all mounted on one re- 
movabUi bKk insulated Instniraeiit panel. Holds tem- 
perature within half a deuree. AGENTS WANTED. 
Electric Brooders. Quail and Pheasant Broader* 


New Bruntwidt. N. J. Dept. 7 



600to60.000 c* p* ril»-*or ewe. » purse and poultry nee-l 



Wc Supply Slock on Credit — 

•ed buy •■ you csn rati* el cask prices . . 
paying ax Im^K st $2S.OO Msh . . imti lOs 
for catalog snd contrect 

P.O.Boii7IO.D*p«.«. LosA« n slst.CA 



na modam, aura way cu diitruy ^rrmt of B.W.D.. Coe- 

lioaia. at*., alao nutaa, una. worm tcf- Th» Baoek 

-gunburnakaroaana. Cndoraad by prominent agT»«n'- 

tural collaijaa. poultry ipacialiau. and pooltrynwn. 

Oalirariea from Brooklyn. Ctiieago. San rranciaro 

Wrtt* tor tree Illustrated folder mtt^ prtces. 


1 14 Tenth St.. Breokl»ii,W.Y. 

MaKe Moneif at Ho^xe 

.^ \y Earn up to $25 a week or more, gr"*^ - 
y\ a. > Mushrooms In your cellar or 8he<l. lllg dc- 
t V $ 1* mand. Very interestlnu — we tefl you how. 
MMdUl Ilhistrafed honk and details free ^ - » 

American Mushroom IntJustries. Dept. 889, TorontJ. Ont. 

It's Fun To Do Dishes With 
These Tea Towels 

Tea Towel de.->i2ns for each day of the 
veek have been so popular, that we know 
you will -ft-eliome thi.s new one. Here is 
Katrina. knocking at your door. She is ready 
to have vou stamp her on tho^e new tea 
towels vou have been plannirB so long to 
make. How dressed up they will be. for each 
©no shows the busy little Dutch girl at diflf^r- 
ent dailv tasks. Outline stitch in blue is most 
a-.propriate, but various colors may be used. 
Perforated pattern number Cf*5f*l with suffi- 
cient wax, included free, to stamp several 
sets, .'lOc. 

Laree. yard square, fine absorbent muslin 
stamped' one for each day of the neek with 
flos.s included for embroidering. Number 
C-<581S, set of seven, $1.25. Send to Pattern 
l)-it., Everybodys Poultry Magazine, Han- 
over, Pa. 

TADDCCnCChkhens, geese, turtieya. 
f U DKKI1II9 antf ducks.rure-bred.hardy, 
hub Quality and most protitabls. Fowls.Efat, 
Baby Chicks and Incubators at Mwlaw 

prices. America's great plant — slace 1893. New 
large vahiable PoiUtry book and cataloc FR££. 

NEUBERTCOep6a885p l l»><M lhi 

It Now Costs Only HALF 

to Kill Poultry Lice with 

Roost Paint 

Pratts cut in \alf the 

cost of k'liing lice 

without handling 

birds. Just a few 

strokpsof a paint brush. 

_- dipped in this improved 

^- nicotine-srlphateroost paint and 

^ lice die overnight. Pint can treats250 

feetof rooata — enou;n for over 375 birds. Also ef- 
fective for red-r-ites. Guaranteed. SuppUed m 

several sizes by ' -ading dealers. ..»„__. 

Send $ J25 for full pint (IVi lb.) can. 

Pratt Food Co. ^ . . , _ 
Dapt. 1 04 2nd A Walnut, FhlUd«lphla, P«. 







A Good Wire Floor Construction 


V ' -»i>-"3 


100% FREE 
from B. W. D. 

Jucxxss of our ouatoratrs thai wo 

I Guarantee98%LivabiIityupto3Weeks 

I H. J^V"'*u""* .>'**" "' ociiliiiuous liieedlne for oro- 

^u<7.j..i(; lufus. wnie today. - — 

I RedbirdFann Route «. Wrenthain, Mass. 

You Money on Poultry 
Fence and Poultry Netting _^ 

Write now for my new 1932 cut-price dtT- 
R?,;;7^ir^*'^ ^^i<^^t^ bargainsever offered on 
^J^l^rJ'ir^ ^^^ stiff stay style and close 
mesh poultry netting. Gates to match at 
money- savmjr prices. 

Prices Lowest In Years 

In addition to a complete line of poultry fence 
this catalog shows over 150 styS orFarm 
Fence Lawn Fence, Gates. Steel Posts Barh 
Wire. Roofing. Baby Chicks. Painu eic at 
pnces way btlow the cost to you elser^here.My 

Direct from Factory— Freidit Paid 

f*;;»jfh; Line S<.llin;r Man /n.ble. me to ^ 'e LVter 


Write a letter or poet card for caUIog NOW— we will 

^o^'/^^i^^.a^^ji^B'^^!' '°°-' ^^ -^r°S 


■•**• *^** CLCVCLANO. OHIO 

Sanitary— Economical 

Most successful poultry farm* 

, ,. , , — «" are adopting hardware 

cloth for poultry house and tun platform flcKwing. 
Complete sanitaUon is made possible, labor costs are 
reduced, disease is preyented. Make more money, 
iave more, too. buy hardware doth flooring from 
Crown at dealer prices. Best quality, heavily gal- 
vanized- Write for catalogue on wire enclosures. 


^ 1174 Tyler St N. E., Minneapolis 
813-A Grmybar Bldjc.. New Yorki 





Ship your eegs to the proflt- 

able dly trade In this money ruiJi- 

inc metal eeg crale that hai Uio 

jMilentiHl protected metal eii»:e flilir 

that gives yuur ei,i;s S.\'"K I*UOTK<'- 

nON. I'sc the sturdy motal egg crates 

that stand Uie gatf of ma/iy round trip 

sliipmentSL TJie Standard for twelve 

, . rs— foUiIng better. Sizes one to fifteen 

/ dozen. Write for free olroular givlnff low 

prices, parcel post rate*, a-ul permnal In- 

stnictiong oo honv to build up a ?ery 

__:-— r. . P-(*table Nislness .S&raple "doMB** case 

^w^hI'^J^T J"r,.*t ^GG CRATE wSpAMY? 
IW« Welfa St., Frcd^riektburg. Va. 




years — 1:( 

If the proper wire is used, 
the wire floor will acconi' 
modate all ages of fowls. 

jV/TANY poultrj'men, thoroughly con- 
-•■'A vinced of the merits of raising 
poultry in close confinement on wire 
floors, have not been able to figure 
out a very satisfactory and economi- 
cal method of constructing wire 
floors in poultry houses. There has 
been little information available on 
the subject, and what there has been 
has usually set forth a rather compli- 
cated and expensive assembly of re- 
movable floor frames or panels. 

This article is not intended to be 
the last word on this subject but 
merely to outline the problem and to 
offer a few observations and sugges- 
tions which may lead to a better solu- 
tion of the problem. There has been 
considerable conflict of opinion con- 
cerning the proper wire fabric to use 
and concerning the mesh and gauge 
best adapted for wire floor purpose. 
This confusion is not to be wondered 
at, as wire floors are new and it takes 
time to standardize on materials and 
methods of construction. 

The material heretofore used has 
been either hardware cloth or hex- 
agonal netting. Some use hardware 
cloth of 1 in. mesh 14 gauge. Others 


have been using the % in. mesh 15 
gauge. For baby chicks only, the % 
in. mesh 19 gauge wire cloth has been 
used to a large extent, not because it 
best meets the requirements, but be- 
cause it is stocked at most hardware 
stores and is low in price. Hezagonal 
netting in the 1 in. mesh 16 gauge or 
in the % in. mesh 18 gauge has also 
been used to some extent. If wire 
floors are to be constructed of hard- 
ware cloth or netting, the above 
meshes and gauges are in general 

First of all it seems perfectly cer- 
tain that many mistakes have been 
made in using too small a mesh and 
too light a gauge of wire. In today's 
mail the writer received a letter con- 
taining the following statement: — 

"Our experience with hardware 
cloth in the 1 in. mesh 14 gauge has 
been fairly satisfactory for floors, but 
it must be that there is some wire 
fabric that will hold birds to maturity 
and at the same time permit the drop- 
pings to pass through." 

Well, the wire fabric that fills the 
bill is known as galvanized welded 
wire. There are three stock meshes 
and gauges on the market which meet 
the requirements for wire floors, and 
which are as follows: — 

Two inch x one inch mesh 14 gauge 
— (spacing between wires approxi- 
mately % in). Two inch x one inch 
mesh 12 V6 gauge — (spacing between 
wires approximately % in.) Four inch 
X one inch mesh 11 gauge — (spacing 
between wires approximately % in.) 










:\ I I 












Diagram of a tried and proven wire poultry ho„Me floor construction 
trntt ructions and dimensions are given in this article. 


V !• 



It will surprise a good many that 
such a large mesh can be used even 
by birds only two weeks old, but such 
is the case. 

It is quite probable that the 
cheaper 2 in. x 1 in. mesh 14 gauge 
will meet most requirements, and the 
cost is only a little more than one- 
half the price of hardware cloth of 1 
in. mesh 14 gauge. For those who 
want a stiff er material the 12% gauge 
is recommended. The 4 in. x 1 in. 
mesh 11 gauge is more adapt9d for 
sun porches. Welded wire fabric 
comes in rolls of 100 lineal feet in the 
two foot, three foot, four foot and 
five foot widths. For most purposes 
the four foot width is recommended. 
Cut rolls are obtainable, but of course 
it is more expensive buying pieces cut 
to measure. 

It will be objected that a fabric of 
2 in, X 1 in. mesh (about % in. be- 
tween wires) is too large a mesh for 
baby chicks. This objection is true for 
the first few days but it is surprising 
how quickly chicks learn to handle 
themselves on it. Some use paper 
under the hover for the first several 
days, which is frequently removed. 
Another solution for the first few 
days is to use temporarily a small 
piece of hardware cloth of V^ in. mesh 
19 gauge under the hover and on top 
of the welded wire. 

Laying the floors — There is an 
easy, simple and inexpensive way of 
building wire floors. First of all nail 
1 in. X 6 in. base boards on all four 
eides of house, A. B. C. D. See 
sketch. Then place from front to back 
stringers of 1 in. x 6 in. boards E-E 
on four foot centers, with ends be- 
tween cleats nailed to base boards. 
A four foot spacing is specified be- 
cause this is the width of wire fabric 
we propose to use. If three foot wire 
fabric is used of course the spacing 
would be three foot. Then place in 
position as many short boards marked 
F as is necessary, three to four feet 
apart, with ends of boards between 
cleats nailed to stringers E-E. If a 
brooder stove is to be used in center 
square, place the short boards F about 
one foot as shown by the dotted line. 
This will give walking support for 
access to stove. 

You are now ready to place in posi- 
tion the four foot strips of welded 
wire fabric. Three strips are shown 
in the sketch G. G. G. but the number 
of strips will depend upon the length 
of the house. These strips of welded 
wire may be as long as the width of 
the house. In most cases one of the 
strips will require trimming to con- 
form to the inside length of house. As 
there is no selvage to welded wire 
trimming is a simple matter. Strips 
are fastened to the base boards and 
cross supports in such a manner as to 
be easily and quickly removable for 
cleaning purposes. The wire fabric 
may be sUpled with sUples driven in 
only half way, (so as to be quickly 
pulled by pliers) or the wire fabric 
may be hooked over large headed 





Vitamin D protection 


NOPCO Cod Liver Oil — fortified in 
Vitamin D potency carries more Vita- 
min D and has a uniform standard 
potency not found in unfortifled cod 
liver or fish oils. This uniform, standard 
Vitamin D content is procured through 
the use of the patented Columbia 
University process (U. S. Patent No. 
1,678,454) by which the Vitamin D ele- 
ment is extracted, from cod liver oil 
and is then added to other lots of cod 
Uver oil to secure the desired strength 
or potency. NOPCO IS THE ONLY 

PROCESS. For poultry feeding it has 
these unquestioned advantages: 

1.— Nopco costs less for adequate Vita- 
min D protection. 2.— It has carefully 
measured Vitamin A and D potency 
and is constant in feeding value— each 
lot will give the same results. 3. — It 
contains excess Vitamin D to take care 
of birds with extra high Vitamin D re- 
quirements thus producing more uni- 
form results and providing a margin of 
sufety. 4. — Carries full Nopco guaran- 
tee based on several years' intensive 
research and experience in serving the 
potiltry indtistry. 

Nopco is an otherwise good ration 
means lower mortaUty, stronger chicks, 
no rickets. Write if your dealer cannot 
supply you. 




^^^^^^,mmm' Kouder's 


Eifkteen 300-328 Egger. (7 offi- 
cial) New York R. O. P., 1931. 

Flock average of 248 3-10 eggs 
for birds finishing R. O. P. year. 
Two thousand pullets, six hundred 
hens, under traps. Queen Anne 
(C3161) official 320 eggs is but 
one of seven official record hens 
by New York State R. O. P. of 
Kauder breeding. 


You can purchase Uaby Chicks and 
Hatching Eggs of this choicest of Pedi- 
greed Kauder breeding — with dams tr»p- 
neit records of 200 to 250 eggs— and 
sires dams records from 275 to 300 egja. 

Also from individual matings. 

CATAL06 with complete prloe ll»t 'o«««,|>2 
with de«3lptlon of plant and matings maUad 
on requeat. 




should be pointed thereby preventing his business carefuly and musf rive 

^upprrL"""'''"" °' '^^^^^"^^ ^" r^^^ consideration' To' ZelTZ 

It will thus be seen by this method m^ntaf s^eciaTLlr* thir'; t'in" 

:'/Tt'"'"" ''^'. ''^ "^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^'"^ hisZfness n ;uch a viay C 

and all cross supports can quickly be special help with special trS^t 

taken up for clean ng purposes and enahlpr? f« v:^^ t training is 

quickly replaced. ^ ^ detail of ?h.^^ WK^ P^^i^'^^'^^ 

This simple method of laying wire one man ooult^ f* ^ It ^^'^ i'^' 

?.!?-. ^L P^^jcu^arly ada'pte^ for k^^^ mu^srhrsum^ntly ^xpTt'l? 

welded wire fabric, which has the 
proper stiffness, and the wire of which 
cannot be torn apart. 

is mechanically perlFect 

Where It Is ^a^Uy ' Xh^ \TuJ' o^l^rlv.T'''''^''' 

OveraU dimensions are 72 ln(ie8 hish 40 in^." V'*'" 
and 38 inches deep. Co^dr^c^^*^^^y*^^%%,'^^<^: 

ffl?" r'lri,??'^"""'' ""''» -"'' *1«»^ bete' 

BROWER MFG. CO. S Quincy, I!I. 

£?»• Incubators and Brooders 

1.7 SUMPTCR STREET . . "'^JLSX'J L"?* 





Authorities agree the use of these sticki fh. .»». 

Itnmon /e your birds ■■»•».♦ -...u^?^ relief. T« 
HEAD PICK RTirSo ^ O.I «.'£""'''■''»'" "»" RED 
PrIJaW $IM. ^- ' ®"*^ '^'"•"** 35c. 3 Stick. 

Ifc r. lANG Box 772 BUTLER, PA- 

More About Laying Batteries 

ContiiuHd from payc U(j 

The increased income from the 
greater number of surplus birds at the 
end of the year — the greater weight 
of each bird sold — the increased in- 
come from greater egg production— 
and the lower operating cost, makes a 
substantial increase in profits for the 
cage system over the older methods. 

A Word of Caution 
It is sincerely believed from the 
results obtained so far in keeping 
laymg birds in cages, that it is a de- 
cidedly superior and a more profitable 
way of keeping laying birds than any 
other method of which we have 
knowledge. However, in anything 
having the merits that the cage sys- 
tem has, there will be a tendency in 
some quarters to exaggerate what 
they will do, and so we call your 
attention to the following: 


Cages will not eliminate mortality 
—some birds will die. Batteries will 

not take birds fi'om a strain that U . - - 

physically defective and change them "''"'^ """^ T^'''' P'°^"*^^ "^°"'^ ^^ ^^« 

into vigorous healthy bird! He^ ^'-IVl ^^°"^ °^ '^^ business. That 

batteries will not take poorl^ bred ThS, ""^m ^V^^^'- P^^^'^'^ ^^^^ 

stock and make it produce the ^me a Fu^^'^^^. breeding stock, but 

as stock properly bred for producUon ■''T^ ^^^ Production of that special- 

But hen batteries wUrgive you 'M ^'°^"'^' ^^f" '^°"^^ ^" ^°"P^^ 
,„u u-..._ .. .'" K'^^ you other sources of revenue, of second 

all operations to insure the success of 
the enterprise, yet in most poultry 
farm set-ups it is possible by the 
hiring of some extra help to greatly 
increase the volume of farm business 
as well as the gross and net revenue. 

For example, it is possible and 
desirable to employ persons especially 
experienced and trained in the hand- 
ling of adult stock and to have a 
sufficient amount of this kind of work 
to do so that it is not necessary that 
they concern themselves with other 
detailed operations of the business. 
In the same way, specially trained 
help should operate the incubators 
and care for the brooders. In other 
words, the poultry business is one of 
many intricate details, requiring ex- 
pert training in many operations, 
some of which are highly scientific in 
nature and require a considerable 
degree of technical skill. A good in- 
cubator operator may not make a 
good feeder of hens, and likewise a 
good feeder might not make a good 
incubator man. 

The business therefore should be 
organized so that the operator can 
hire labor for the routine work, and 
allow his own time for the more 
specialized operations. Then again, 
some one major product should be the 

much better results under all of the 
above conditions, than the same birds 
would do on the floor. 

Fowl Pox 

Worm Tablets 


Fowl Pox Vaccines prefect against Pox. 

Used on millions of birds successfully. 

Pigeon sfrain of virus if desired. 
Poultry Worm Tablets for the removal of 

round v/orms and fope worms of fowls 

and turkeys. 

Pullorum Antigen (sfoined) for rapid 
ciiagnosisof B. W. D. 

Send for free booklets 


511 FifJh Avenue New York 

ary nature but of nevertheless sub- 
stantial amount. 

The problem, if one is to be suc- 
cessful, is to determine the special- 
ized objective of the business and 
then build a balanced production of 
minor commodities around it, so that 
there will be throughout the year a 
continuous supply of products for 
sale and a more or less continuous 
revenue. For instance, one of the 
commercial types of organized pro- 

Three Factors Measure 

Continued from page J21 
through the high degree of quality 
which can be found today in commer- 
cial feeds. Good commercial scratch 

practican'l'^ ci^^n!"^. '"^•^^' /'^''"''^ commercial types of organized pro- 

la^ng flock S.^^^ '■^^'^".l ^°^ ^^" ^"^''°" °" successful poultry farms is 

mjing flock But even with correct to make market eggs the major 

must u'se ctl .Z "T^'' ^.™'"^^ ^"^"""^' ^"PPlemented with revenue 
nn«ntit J ! ^ J^^l^ment in the from the sale of hatching eggs, a sub- 
feeding So we' • V\' "^'^^^ ^'""^'"^ """^^^^ «^ babrchick^. 
enumefate a Ith ^^i ^° °° ^"'^ P"""^^' ^°^^^"^ ^^'^1^^" ^^^ possibi; 
efficrencv fartori ^^^T ^°"P. °^ ^"^"^^"^ ^^^^^^ ^^e whole question of 
emciency factors which enter into business organization and depart- 

b?rds thTlrV'"'"'^- '^^T ''''''' '^' "^^"^^ ^"<i production specializaUot 

are till founda"t1o"n^^^ '^'" '^'^^"1' ^^ ^"^ ^^ ^^^^^"^« fascination which 

f^J^l^.ly uusiness rests. and attention of every poultry keeper. 

jr ^« 



The last major efficiency factor, 
that of co-operation, is claiming more 
and more attention each year. We see 
an ever increasing volume of poultry 
products being marketed through co- 
operative efforts of producers. This 
co-operative movement possesses 
great potential possibilities and is 
growing by leaps and bounds. The 
strides already made demonstrate 
without a doubt that most poultry- 
men unless they live right at the door 
of their market, can with advantage 
to themselves, consider working in 
close co-operation with their brother 
poultryman, especially m the or- 
ganized merchandising of their pro- 
ducts. This is especially true if it is a 
food product and must be shipped 
considerable distances for wholesale 
prices. This is a system which makes 
it possible for Pacific Coast poultry- 
men to market their large volumes of 
^ggs here in our Atlantic Coast 
states. There is almost no limit to 
producer co-operation. 

There is another angle to this co- 
operative movement which requ^^^s 
careful study and analysis and that is 
the consideration of a closer co- 
operation between producers and dis- 
tributors, as evidenced by the great 
extension of country buying through- 
out the great agricultural states of 
the middle west. The distributor is a 
very necessary link in the Process of 
merchandising. It is impossible for 
the distant producer to expect to get 
his products from his farm to distant 
markets without the help of an inter- 
mediate agency which is especially 
set up to facilitate the distribution of 
?Se commodity. The thingwhich should 
be striven for is a closer mutual 
understanding and a closer co- 
operation between the organized pro- 
ducers on the one hand, and those 
performing the function of distr bu- 
tion on the other hand. The spirit of 
co-operation has to be developed 
g^ad'ially as the need for it becomes 
f^parent. It is more or less of a 
revolutionary idea because in the 
older days— not so many decades ago. 
mutual understanding ^^^ co-opera- 
tion among producers and distnbutors 
was almost unknown. The Possibilities, 
however, of obtaining a better mar- 
ket, of getting a better price, of being 
abk to put up a better product and 
of getting better profit, are all linked 
up to these questions of co-operative 


These three principles governing 
success in modem poultry culture are 
not at all academic, but very prac- 
tical in their working out and in their 
application. A word to every poultry 
keeper will not be amiss. Just sit 
down for an evening and analyze and 
study your own business in the lignt 
of greater application of these three 
principles to your individual busmess 
I am sure you will find it a most 
profitable evening. 






I \ Hal he 

.'. all \our 

3?. \vvAs »ilh 

»S Qtnkeys 

Conkeys Y O is « pow- 
der conuining y»st 
and cod liver od, rich 
in Vitamins A «nd D of 
cod liver oil and B 91 
brewers' yeast. Just mix 
2% of Conkeys Y-O 
with your regular feed 
and watch results. 
Write for prices. 

Pleased to recommend Conkeys! 

in- .\jr^ V V UnnoofTheArchbold Hatchery, Inc., 
- I^ciS^ldfohiorESlds Conkeys feeds in the highest 
esteem is clearly implied in his recent letter: 
"Our customer, «e enthusiastic about Co k.^be«»^^^^ 
S^yVS^-e V^ X^SL^-Si, wi•^.^^^-i^ oar hatchery." 

Conkeus Starting Feed -»thY-0 


SSTes i^ All^M^h Chick . Ration for raisir^ ^'»^^ •« 

Morafte brooders or for raising chicks the AU-MasU way. 

At your dealer's, or write us. 

THE G. E. CONKEY CO., 6701 Broadway, Qcvelaiid, O. 

Mrnl-^land^O-, Toledo,0.;Sebra.ka Cify,I^eb.;D<UI^,T^. 

■ GenUemen: I am interened in the ^^Uow^^hat are cne«^ 
O GeccoOrowinsMaah O Kemeayios 


Why hatcherymcn dip cgg$ 

If you sec your hatcheryman dipping his eggs in 
Iodine Supensoid you will know he is doing it for 
your protection. He is killing disease germs, coccidia 
and bacteria before the eggs go into the incubator. 
No disease wUl be carried on the egg shells mto the 
machine to be passed on to the chicks. 
MERCK&.CO.INC. Manu/actwring C\xem\sts, Rahw«v. NJ. 



Stop Your Chick Losses 

Secret o£ Success with Chicks 

is told in plain, simple '«»'•"*'' "hi J* h^l?il«o 
the M \UI0 Brooder Catalog. This book also 
describes a Brooder that's really gas-proof 
and that is dependable *« »." ^r*'^*""- 
DiaKramH show how to bu. d colony 

ibrocKier houses. A book that's packed 

\ with useful information, 

i written by a man who has 
practiced what he preaches. ^^■'■ 

Write for the MAGIC 
BROODER Catalog — FREt 


SIf PMalBfltaa A»»., Trtatoa. Maw J^^ 





Golden Anniversary 

Never Such Chick Values 

^ ever in our fifty years' exper- 
ience have we offered such re- 
markable chick values. This year 
you can't afford to buy ordinary 
chicks when you have this oppor- 
tunity to get a real laying strain at 
greatly reduced prices. We special- 
ize in Barred Rocks, R. I. Reds and 
White Leghorns. Based on hund- 
reds of reports we find that over 
90% of the chicks we hatch are 
raised. Accordingly, we are making 
one of the most liberal guarantees 
ever offered. 



Write mt oiioe for com- 
plete tnrorrnaUon uid 
h»nd«me booklet which 
we have published to 
celebrate our Fiftieth 
Anniversary. You will 
be asto'iisbed at the 
low prloei we are 

BoxE-3 Chestertown Maryland 



Go into chick raising in a 
big way this season — big 
production — big eggs — big 
Dirds — big profits. Prospects 
look bright for poultry peo- 
ple — let nothing stop you — 
forge right ahead — lay a 
solid foundation — buy 

America's Greatest Laying Strain 

of Barred Plymouth Rocks. Carefully 
selected, trapnt'sted and pedigreed for 
eggs and standard qualities since 1889. 
Customers report ;{57 eggs in one year 
— 148 eggs in 148 days — pulleta laying 
at 90 days — profits up to 8.09 per hen 
— flock averages of 200 to 271. Every 
chick and egg backed by many genera- 
tions of 200 to 300 egg breeding. 
PARKS STRAIN customers protected 
by U. S. Registered trademark. Don't 
buy until you have read Parks' Free 

Box E Altoona, Pa. 


of worthy breeders, blood tested, 
rigidly culled, hou.sed and fed 
no as to produce strong vitality chicks. 
19 years experience. Incubators are 
best that money can buy. LINESVILLE 
CHICKS are hatched under strictly 
sanitary conditions. Thousands of sat- 
isfied ciutomers. S. C W. Ijeghorns, 
B. & W. Bocks, S. C. B. I. Beds. W. 
Wyandottes and BufT Orpingtons. Get 
FREE CATAI.OO and price list. 

Box 42 LinesTiiie, Pa 



Egg Grades and Egg Grading Explained 

Continued from page 118 

adopted. There are five quality fac- 
tors, "Shell", "Air cell", "Yolk", 
"White" and "Germ." These factors 
can only be determined by candling 
and the differences for each quality 
factor can easily be remembered. 

Factors in Determining Grade 

In each gn*ade the shell must be 
clean and sound. The size of the air 
cell increases with each lower grrde. 
The size is usually determined by the 
depth as for example: Fancy, Vsth 

inch; Extra, *4th inch; Standard, 
%th inch and Trade may be over %th 
inch. For those unfamiliar with mak- 
ing such measurements, the air cell 
size may be classified as follows: 
Fancy, about the size of a 10 cent 
piece or less in diameter; Extra, 
about the size of a five cent piece or 
less in diameter; Standard, about the 
size of a 25 cent piece or less in 
diameter and Trade, may be larger 
than a 25 cent piece or less in 
























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The yolk factor varies in each 
grade by its visibility. By reference to 
the chart we find that determination 
of yolk quality varies from dimly 
visible to plainly visible. All eggs 
showing yolks with blood spots, blood 
rings and extreme heat spots, should 
never be sold. These eggs, except 
those with excess blood rings, should 
be used at home. 

The white, or albumen, plays an 
important part in the determination 
of quality. Depending on the grade, 
this factor may vary from firm and 
clear, to weak and watery. As a 
matter of fact, the condition of the 
yolk and the white go hand in hand in 
grading. A dimly visible yolk and a 
firm white are usually found together. 
A plainly visible yolk and a watery 
white appear together in a lower 
quality egg. 

The germ is not unlike the yolk in 
that the variation is from not visible 
to clearly visible. This factor is close- 
ly associated with the yolk and may 
be determined by close examination 
of the yolk while candling. When 
germ development has taken place, it 
will appear as a darkened area on the 

All candling should be done with 
an arrangement whereby a 50-60 watt 
bulb is enclosed, from which the light 
rays may be reflected through a hole 
l^th inches in diameter. If metal is 
used, care should be taken to pad the 
hole to prevent checking the shells. 

It is important that all factors be 
considered as a whole in classifying 
eggs into various grades. One factor 
alone cannot determine the grade; 
except that one factor may be suffi- 
ciently prominent to reduce the egg 
to a lower grade. For example, an egg 
may have a clean sound shell, an air 
cell %th inch in depth, a germ not 
visible, a white firm and clear, yet the 
yolk may be visible. This egg would 
classify as an extra yet all but one 
factor conforms to the requirements 
of a fancy. The weight of eggs is 
important from the standpoint of 
keeping equal sizes together. In past 
instances, small eggs have Leen 
worked in with large eggs but this 
practice is not carrying out a rule 
that should be observed, "Give the 
consumers what they want, when they 
want it and where they want it." The 
buyer may be fooled for a while, but 
when discovery is made, they shop for 
their eggs and steady patronage may 
mean the difference between satis- 
factory and unsatisfactory prices, or 
success and failure. 

Does it pay to grade for size and 

When the voluntary grades, as in- 
dicated in Table 1, were put into 
effect, they were used by the auction 
now in operation at Doylestown, Pa. 
The grades and factors determining 
those grades have proven very satis- 
factory. All eggs are graded for size 
by the producer. One hundred eggs or 
10 eggs from each of the 10 layers 
are removed and examined for qual- 



Why Buy Ordinary Chicks:Sr?JZ.'^J^. ^__ 

tested Breeds at the same price or even less? c^sim^mo**. 

FOUR departments of the U. S. Gov't, and thousands of satisfied customers 
have purchased our chicks. Our chicks all from the famous Tancred, 
Wyckoff, Fithel, Thompson, Holterman, and other finest bloodlines. You can 
find nothing better to start or rebuild a profitable flock, nothing better for 
even broilers, because these world famous breeds grow larger, mature 
quicker, and lay better. Our enormous capacity makes these low prices pos- 
sible. Order direct from this ad or write today for our big FREE Color Plate 
Book full of valuable information every poultry raiser should have. Our 
guarantee is behind every chick shipped. 



PRICES PEEFAlD— March Delivery 
S. C. Wb., Br., Bf., Leghorns, Ancon&s 
Brd., Wh. Bocks, S. C B. I. Beds . . . . 
Bf. Bocks, Wh. & Bf. Orps., I 

Wh., Col., S. L. Wyandottes ] ' ' 

S. C. Wh., Blk. Mlnorcas 1 

Jersey Black Giants j ' " 

Assorted, No Cripples 

Mixed, H eavy Breeds 6.75 

100% prepaid delivery to any point East of 

standard Quality 
Special Selected 

100 500 

16.76 $33.50 

7.76 38.50 

9.00 45.00 




100 500 
$ 8.00 939.00 
10.00 49.00 
11.00 54.00 






scwhite Leahorns 



Tmporting .Jlrect from Tom Barron't best Official Contest Reconj 
■* Hen«. All imr time deviKed exoausirely to brei'iiiiiK aiwl impruvliK,' 
thi^ one ;;reat strain. Rotolawn't Offlcial Contest WInntnfs lor 
1931 Inchido 72 Award*. Cups, and Rlbboos for lUgh PtoducUuii. 
Big Discount on Chicks and Eggs 

/"Vir prices are limer tlian ever. \V ■ offer yt>ii a money aaviiig 
^^^ dlsuMint for orders Ihls mmith. Imineiliat«> shipment or deilrer)- 
whenever you want. Your eSK profits are higuer. mi>re certalu with 
Roselawn jtook. Write for our priivs and disoKint circular. 
Send for our New Catalot. lt'« Fra«. 


Tho breeding hent In all our matin«s ^^- ^^- TibbaU & Son, Owners and Managers 

descend from birds of this typo. BOUTE 10-E DAYTON, OHIO 


86 OZ. 

This is the World's Greatest Laying Strain. Our 
record of over 2o0egg flock averaices for more than 
5000 birds proves it. We have birds with R. O. P. 
records jp to 311 ejfits. Investigate us thoroughly. 
The more you investigate the more you will sell 
yourself on our stock. 

Sires — R. O. P. Pedigreed 250-311 Eggs 

K. U. P. Pedirreed sires wlUi dams 350 311 reits KWct (he 
ok'l lajrlng breeding to go with our high produojiir females. 

Our rtil(*s will pr\Hlti(» for you. 

<hir FREE CATALOG kItm all the details and tells 
aNnit (lur high pniducsrs. Our egg prlws are low ooi>- 
sidering the quality we hare to offer. We are building a 
buslnesi* and we are offering the be«t quality stock at 
best pri(¥9 in order to tmild on a sound basli 




HELM'S Super Quality Chicks 

WINNERS ILLINOIS EGO LAYING CONTEST Murphysburo, '31— Offlcial Records over 300 
fK^a. :i tlUh Ten Le^homs. High I'oii White Minorca^ All Contests ending Oct. 31. Past 2 
yr'*. ,■?! Fir<t;». \\(i .Awards I'g;; Conte^UH. 

HELM'S CHICKS WON SECOND. SIXTH, total 13 Prizes Tribune Healthy Chick Ralslnf 
('(mtest, deflating over 7,0uO bnr«»<l«. many orating far more. (let details on new $1,000 Conteot. 
Wf et:t(>r vou free— give yi«i a prize equal Id the one reoei»ed frcin INxillry Tribune. 
ful sclritio!!. aixT.iliting and infusion of new bloo<l fr<)ni world's leading trapnrst breeders 
SHEPPARD and others. 

MKRTT and represent the grcate.<t chick value In America today. SHIP C. 0. D. WE PAY POSTAGE. Insure 
inoTr live arriTal. .„..„...._. ^ ., _ _ . 

FREE :<3 page catalog and f.roodlng Lesaonj. 24 page story of Helm's Chicks. Induding reports winning prir^a 
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ity. After the quality in this group is 
determined and tolerance taken, the 
grade designation is made. When 
more than 10 eggs out of the 100, 
grade lower, the entire case is lowered 
one grade. 

What methods should be used in 
the sale of eggs? 

If a producer is located close to a 
large consuming center, and outlets 
for eggs have not been properly de- 
veloped, he should start marketing at 

that no local market is available, 
eggs should be graded for size and 
color no matter where they are to be 
shipped. The producer must deter- 
mine to whom he intends to ship by 
investigating the reliability of the 
receiver. Eggs should be graded for 
size and color, and packed carefully 
in good cases with clean fillers and 
flats. Shipments should be made at 
least twice weekly. 

It should be thoroughly understood 

White Minorcas have come to the 
front by leaps and bounds. 15 years 
ago practically unknown in U. S. A., 
now one of the most popular breeds 1 

What haa caiwed thousands to swing to U hite 
Minorcas every year? The answer is simple- 
bigger white eggs, bigger birds, bigger profits! 
Our free 52-page book gives experiences of 
others; tells how they make more money 
than eyer before Write for it now while our 

chick prices are 
Boot n S _ lowest we have ever 

I made. 

Minorca Farms 

Route 63 
Pleasant HIU, Mo. 

velooed. he should start marketing at ii snouiu ue Luuivue "j' --- 

home There are often undeveloped that grading and candhng cannot be 

ouUeis through hotels, restaurants, classed as the criterion for good 

Wh class scores and private trade. marketing. When an egg is first pro- 

The producer should g^ade his eggs, duced. it has a quality that can never 

pack them attractively and be willing be improved Good management of 

to offer at least a reasonable guar- the poultry flock, added to care in 

Intee wtth good grading, service to ^oUectins,l..n6^i.,,^^^^^^^^^^ 

the consumer and patience in ex- mg will increase the POf^ioility ol 

nectation^f increase returns, the being able to assure a graded product 

producer will see results over a rea- and materially increase the eventual 

sonable length of time. In the event returns. 

Breed Toward Uniformity of Egg Size 

Continued from page 120 
results will be. Years ago we found efforts made to pay handsome 
certain birds that, when mated to a dividends. . , ., . _* 

particular male, wiuld produce proge- Having dealth with the importance 

nv with a sTrongTenden^cy to lay large of a time consuming breeding prac- 
perfectly shaped eggs in great num- tice necessary to control the factor 
bers At Swe hfd but a few of of uniform large egg size, it is well 

Real Quality Chicks Add 
to Your Profits 

Penna. R. O. P. Breeder 

Blood-tested under State Supervision 

large birds, heavy producers, large 

white eggs. Pedigree sired. 


_^o8t truly profitable heavy breed 
today for broilers, eggs or meat pro- 
Folder free. Get yours today. Thriit 

Prices. *>" 


Box E M"*°' ^■• 

these birds to work with and at that 
time we used the males from these 
few birds on the rest of the flock and 
the effects of the inherited factor of 
large eggs transmitted through these 
males was almost unbelievable. As 

to mention the vital importance of 
giving stock bred under these methods 
the proper care in growing them and 
later in caring for them as layers. A 
breeder may use all the skill and 
effort at his command in breeding 

males was almost unbelievaoie. as t^""!*- "«- "'^ -" -"-. "- - " 

toe went on we simply concentrated this P^"''- ^^^arac tens c >nto h s 

on this blood and also sp.ead ,t out stra.n -0 Jf ^-^^ -" 'tUi^br^d^ 


' their Iturt to ««? ««Ulo ^; ^wgy tMgte^yfJg; 

in the flock. ^ , , ^, 

We are now working to hold these 
valuable traits through eliminating 
birds below weight as well as those 
that lay undersize eggs, and at the 
same time we are ever on the alert to 
improve these traits through locating 
birds superior in the factor of large 
egg size and high production. It is a 
much more simple matter to breed for 
large eggs alone than to breed for 
several valuable traits at the same 
time, and it is necessary to have large 
numbers of eggs, for we must re- 

itself in the progeny this breeder 
sends out owing entirely to faulty 
care and management. 

Both have a very important and 
necessary part to perform and should 
either fail the results are unsatisfac- 
tory. The ideal combination is stock 
with this factor fixed by long years 
of continuous breeding for these 
points and the very best care and 
management possible. 

In order that young stock will 
develop into layers of large uniform 
size eggs it is necessary that they be 

remt^that :S:'a e^stiTsord b th; ;;^".ut 'to their inherited body si« 
memoer tnai egfes .p„^f«- This means good sanitary 

^3 JL Breeding 


»nd today 1 have one of the 
most profitable breeds OC 
poultry In the world. 

Mr. Elmer P. "»»«• .9*; 
WPBO. 111-. wtH<"'- ^9fl 
Thompson White Rock pul- 
Iffs laying 70 eggs a osy la 
December. Pullets weigt* 7/2 
to 8 pounds each." 

My Books LAY WELL 
and WEIGH WELL. Tbat'a 
what counUl 

E«r(r«, Baby Chicks and 
Catalog free 


Brt>«<llng Stock. 




Hope, Indiana 

dozen. But in order to succeed we 
must have large eggs that will com- 
mand premium prices, most of us 
want our birds to be good looking, 
and all of us insist on maximum vital- 
ity. Without this, failure is certain. 
Yes! Breeding for uniform produc- 
tion of large eggs is a simple matter 
providing you are prepared to trap- 
nest, pedigree and linebreed the birds 
and possess the willingness to supply 
the vast amount of labor and expense 
connected with it. The last, but not 

factor. This means good sanitary 
conditions, freedom from external 
and internal parasites, plenty of feed- 
ing space for mash and grain, and 
ample supply of clean cool water as 
well as clean soil and shade, I con- 
sider that sufficient feeding equip- 
ment should be available so that all 
the brids can eat grain at the same 
time and at least three-fourths of the 
flock has room to eat mash at the 
same time. 

From three and one-half to four 


to hold birds back to five to five and 
one-half months of age before laying, 
at which time we find the majority 
will weigh four pounds or more. We 
find this weight desirable if we are 
to get the large uniform sized egg, 
as there is a close correlation between 
body size and egg size; more so in 
cases where the stock has been 
especially bred for large uniform egg 

Care of the Layers 

If you are fortunate enough to 
have a nice flock of large size pullets 
as described above the chances are 
that you will not be troubled with 
small eggs, however it is a matter of 
record that certain rations or systems 
of feeding tend towards small eggs. 
Fluid milk is very useful in holding up 
egg size, as are wet mashes. More 
important than all is plenty of clean 
water. Green feed is beneficial, the 
leafy greens being preferred, with 
germinated oats a close second and 
the others in the order of their 

How Poultrymen Use The 
Five Senses 

CoHthiiK i from page 122 
The small si^rns of the presence of red 
mites previ'usiy noted as visible to 
the keen 'eye, give off a peculiar 
dfc rather faint odor which may betray 
them to an acute sense of smell 
quicker than to the eye. Where the 
mites are bad it is often possible to 
smell them as soon as one enters the 
place where they are. 

Foul ground when wet or even 
moderately damp and warm has odors 
which are objectionable to most nos- 
tiils, and the poultryman is generally 
safe in assuming that any place that 
smells bad to him is not in proper 
condition for poultry. They may live 
in such places, and even do fairly 
well, but not their best. 

The sense of smell is larg^ely used 
by poultrymen to supplement the 
judgment of the eyes on feeds of 
which they are suspicious. 

The Ears 

Every poultry keeper learns quick- 
ly to recognize the notes of alarm oi 

• distress made by adult birds which 
call for inquiry into the cause. There 
is not the same attention paid to the 
distressful cries of young poultry, 

• except perhaps to the weak plaints of 
brooder chicks which are not quite 
warm enough. Very often in lots of 
chicks which are generally good and 
right there will be some weaklings 
which are crying a good part of the 
time. Hardly a brood even of hen 

^ hatched and brooded chicks has not 

IP at least one such runt at the start. 

They are never worth trying to raise. 

The most disagreeable of the common 

noises on a poultry plant is elimi- 

nated if "yeeping" 
as soon as they begin. 

chicks are killed 


Never was QUALITY so high 
- - - never the cost so LOW 


S. 0. WUte Leghorns 

Buff Leghorns 

White Bocks 

Bsxred Bocks 

Buff Orpingtons 

Oiaat Brahmas 

B. I. Beds 

Silver Laced Wyandottes 

Blsck Olsnts 

Heavy Cross Breeds for 


% Richlsnd Farm Chicks are given preference year after 
year — by old customers who know what suits them 
and who find in Richland Quality those "plas-values" 
that assure maximum return in any egg market. 

9 Never before have Richland Chicks stood for so much 
quality — Never before was the cost so low. Proved 
and improved by years of careful breeding for uni- 
form big-egg size and lots of them. Produced from 
robust, healthy ancestry reared on free range. Sold 
under liberal guarantee. Write for catalog and prices. 

Richland Poultry Farm 

Earl F. Layser R. F. D. Richland, Pa. 










from blood tested breeder.*. Culled for constitutional vigor and 
egg production by State Official In.spectors. R. O. P. breeding 
pens headed by males out of dams with egg records 225 to 259. 


Pure Hanson LARGE TYPE Heavy Layers. Trapnested, blood-tested 
and state certified. R. O. P. mated pens headed by pedigree males out 
of dams with egg records from 250-317. Send for complete story. 


Oolden Rule Chicks 


50 100 400 \*«t)Lf<^ 

Whit*. Brown & Buff Uflhemt. Aaeeaas $5.50 $10.00 $3>.00 \ V^V'^Ae 

Barrrd. Whit* 4 Buff Rockt 1.50 12.00 47 00 

White Wyandottet. Buff Or»lntt*nt 6.50 12.00 47.00 

R. I. Redi. Black. Whit* & Buff Mlstreas 7.00 13.00 SI. 00 

JerMy Blaeli Giant*. Lliht Brahma* 9.C0 17.00 67.00 W^ X / <& 

Mixed J7.00 »«r 100. All Heavy Mixed $10.00 fr tOO. Pekin Ouek- Jr\ >V<**i]l 

ilnst $20.00 p«r lOO. We thip C. 0. D. Blood-Tested. Satisfaction ^^ / -lO^'^ 

Guaranteed. All Chleks hifhest quality. Order from this ad. Four color 

oatalefl freo. 

GOLDE K BXTLE HATOHEBY, Box 20 7 . Bucyrus. Ohio 

. o» . S J*»«J rL:..L. GUARANTEED TO LIVE, backed by a llvabillty | 

9 ' Jl&tC ACCrCdllCU l/DICaS guarantee CertiflOAte. Invent wisely in our QUAL- 
' ITY ehlofc* awry elilek we ship tomes (rom purebred breedint stock tlieoen far 
•iz*. vlUlity and H6 ability. ORDER CHICKS FROM US NOW, ,,. -^ . 

Standard Quality Orads Special Quality Grado | 
^_. 100 30O 500 100 30O 500 

Brown. Buff and White Lethoma $6 95 $19.50 $31 35 $ 9 95 $28 50 $«T J5 

y Barrwl. WhJU, Buff Bock* 7 95 22.50 36 25 10 95 3150 5I.JS 

) g. C. and R. C. Beds. B. I. Whltw .. 7 95 22 .SO .36 25 10 9.> 31 50 52 25 

y . Wh. I'.f.. Orp.. Wh. Wyd. Wh. MInorcM 7 95 2150 36 25 10 95 3150 52 » 

^■'^ Ueht Brahmaa 8.95 il.S* 41 25 11.95 34 50 55 25 

Jors*y VMi Glanta. Dark Oomlah 15 00 44 25 72 50 18.00 54 00 96 00] 

HeaTT Assorted 6.95 19 50 3125 ^ .-.^ *i nn I 

Order from ttils ad 100* Uto dfllTery fuar»iile«l Faertrlcally hatohad $1.00 | 
__ per books or(1(»r. halanoe C. O D ......... ... ........ t„ 

AU Lone elm hatcheries. B«x E. N««Mail». III.: Lltekfleld. III.: HIIMere. III. 

To Make Mora Monajr — Buy from a Brevier 

Wo has* boon 8i»olaJty Brwrfere of 8 C White and flow because they ire from healthy. Tlforrisi* stodk, 
Lechorn. foc^ny^eSs iid were plonw-r* In offoriru prrterte.t acalnn B W P t.y ^rmx T-ar. »f ^J**' 
SwM-breodJ for meat production Wene Ctilck* Ut* toetlnir Pnre* ..1. ire<l to preiwnt-day oondlUona 

WrlU for new BoTUad Price Uat and FBEE lUastrated Catalog 

Large Eggs — Large Leghorns 

Oiir largo iiIm I.#Ktiom» lay larfo »li* e«»- N. Y. 
pertifled 13 years, trapnestetl 9 years. N Y. R. O P. 
5 years. 1800 ollcialb- baiide<l l>r<«der». 40 ye«r» ex- 
pertenc* hrewdlng. S<iil raiige reared. B. W. O tested 
and pox Tacrlna'pil Our pe»i at Storrs areraced 270 
eggi. STOCK. EGGS and CHICKS. Write: 

Bt. E Trumansbnrg, N. T. 



Le Roy— Sectional Built— Round 

ALL-WOOD Brooder Houses 

Will Make You Money! 

Easily put toKether — only 21 pieces- 
no nails — "knock-down" economy. 
Wood, nature's non-conductor, retains 
even temperature — avoids sudden 
change dangerous to chicks and 
"grown-ups." Circular — no comers for 
filth, disease germs, chills or crowding. 
For Prlc«», write 
Box 418 Le Roy, New York 



Powerful Gas Tractor (or Small Farms. 

Gardeners, Florists. Nurseries. Fruit 

^ J ^ Growers and Poultrytneo. 

Seeds m ample power 

iialiwa^Mcm Makes Work Easy with field. 
VllUVMcS « hayins. and truck croptoola. 

,- — m Runs power machinery, 

SIKlLSIIfnS'^ piunps, saws, grinders. 


Poultrymen find the Stand-, 
ard with 8 inch plow ideal 
for KettinK inside fences^ 
and tnminK over bard, 
packed runways. 


Time plan make* it easy! 

to own • Standard. 

Free Catalog 

Write Today for 
Illustrated Catalog 



MiMMM»is,MiiM. PhitwMpliU. Pa. N«*Yorii.N.Y. 

4004 Cem* Ats. 2433 Chestnut St. 228 Ca^ar St. 

The Tongue 

"The taster" is the least necessary 
of the senses for the work of the 
poultryman, yet has its uses. It makes 
the third judge of feeds, and can 
teach a lot about them. A function 
which seems doomed to go out of use 
is the tasting of feathers on birds 
washed for exhibition to determine 
when the soap has been thoroughly 
rinsed from them. 

The Sense of Touch 

Though named last in the enumera- 
tion of the special sense, touch in 
poultry keeping must be classed with 
sight in value when their work is 
fairly compared with due considera- 
tion of the limitations of each. Touch 
enters largely into the judging of all 
kinds of live stock, but more into 
estimating values of poultry because 
in all but very short feathered birds 
the plumage conceals the true form 
from the eye. I am considering judg- 

ing here in its full meaning as in- 
cluding estimates of meat value, lay- 
ing capacity and breeding value, as 
well as judging in show room com- 
petition. Every value in poultry can 
be judged by touch except color 
values, which explains why blind per- 
sons have occasionally become very 
skillful in growing and breeding 

The sense of touch is used by the 
Chinese and Egyptians to distinguish 
between fertile and infertile eggs in 
incubation, and also to detect eggs 
containing dead germs. According to 
reports, the method is to touch the 
eggs to the eyelid of the operator, 
that being the most sensitive part of 
the skin. It is probable, however, that 
a great deal of testing is done simply 
by the touch of the fingers; for many 
poultrymen testing eggs with a light 
have found that without any thought 
of doing so they began to notice the 
difference in temperatures of fertile 
eggs as they picked them up. 

In the Midst of the Chick Season 

Continued from page 119 

BeckisV^rm Floor 


2a INCHES WIDE. ' ^ ^ * < ( :z:=yj 




CUcfea.daeklliin,tiirfc«ypeaIta. Broods 60 talM. 

e to 12 wwks, CoMmr Coop all ■ommcr. Warm to 

_ CDldMt waatbar. Coms Few Cents ■ week to opor- 

Iato. TafcaaBtse* of »SO •reedar House. Katfaoaiastiatilr oodoraM! 
br our ensiooMr* threoctiout tho UnHad Ststae. Boild itroaraatf. 
•Mily. SiiBptopiBBa.lBinpbaatarS4.2&, postpaid. Ctrcuisr free. 
W. L. ■ton ■•« 9 8ULLIV*W. WI«C. 


per 1000 

^Made of aluniinum, 
— 8-16 In. wide. Slroiif 
tube rlrel. EtnlKWScd numlwrs.i 
Bound or poiiiled end. Two slzei 
—No. 2 for Light Breeds. No. 3 
for Heavy I! reeds. 100— $1.00; 
300— J2.70: 500—14.00; 1.000— ^ 

$7 00 PosUce raid. Sealing Filer— f 1.25 «•*. 

Caulo«. Booklet. "lllnU on Pedigree Hatching' . 

Baroplfls i>f I'odUre* Record Ci-d« — FBKB. 

National PoHltry Band C«., D*»t 631, Newport Ky. 

organisms. Do not take a chance! 
Disinfect thoroughly, whether the 
machine looks as though it needed it 
or not. The chicks, as they emerge 
from the shells, should be guaranteed 
a disease-free incubator compartment 
in which to spend the first few hours 
of their lives outside the. shells. This 
presumes that poultrymen are sold to 
the idea of trying to get eggs from 
B. W. D.-free breeding stock, when- 
ever possible, especially this spring. 
If some chicks do hatch out into per- 
fectly clean trays, but have been 
carrying the B. W. D. organisms 
within themselves, all the good work 
of sanitary incubation may soon be 
undone. Chicks must be clean too. 

b. Before any brood of chicks is 
placed out under brooders, of any 
kind, the environment which such 
brooder is to provide must be made 
safe and sanitary by removal of all 
old litter, filth, dirt, etc., which may 
have accumulated from previous 
broods and subsequent thorough dis- 
infection and drying out. New litter, 
never before near any poultry, should 
be the first contact experienced by 
the new chicks. Do not mix flocks of 
varying ages, or breeds. It rarely will 
work out right. Take extra pains with 
mid-season lots of chicks, for it is 
then that we are apt to become care- 
less in our rush and hurry. Clean sur- 
roundings during the first few weeks 
in the brooders is absolutely essential 
to lowering pullet rearing costs. 

c. Feed all chick rations, water, 
liquid milk, and other foods in clean, 
sanitary containers, not in the 
manure-contaminated litter. It is not 
worth while taking a chance just 
because the old way is convenient and 

Adopt a safe and sane chick feeding 
program, one which will grow a little 

slower than some have been using in 
recent years, but which will fully 
develop the pullets during the grow- 
ing season and bring to the ready-to- 
lay stage in good flesh and strong and 
vigorous. After 20 years of exper- 
ience in close obser\'ation of chick 
feeding I have formulated a program 
of chick feeding which is about as 
follows : 

a. Chicks should be fed anytime 
after they are about 18 to 24 hours 
old. It is not necessary to wait for 
from 48 to 72 hours in order to make 
them absorb the yolk material, as we 
used to think it was. Proper early 
feeding results in giving chicks a 
quicker start, builds up strength 
earlier, and seems to increase resist- 
ance to unfavorable environmental 
conditions and possibly to some di- 
sease infections. 

How would I do it? Just this way. 
1. Plan to have the brooders running 
at an even, stable temperature of 
about 90 degrees Fahrenheit and 
ready for the chicks when they are 
from 18 to 24 hours old, fluffed out, 
dried, and up on their feet, ready for 
food. Remove the chicks carefully 
and without chilling from the incu- 
bators to the brooders. 2. Have per- 
fectly clean fountains of sour skim- 
milk or buttermilk, liquid form, ready 
for them. They will be thirsty. Every 
chick should get a drop or so of sour 
skimmilk or buttermilk into its system 
as the first food taken through the 
mouth. There is no better starter, and 
no cheaper one. 3. Use chick grain, 
but sparingly. Keep them hungry and 
anxious, but not starved. 4. After 
that first day or two of milk and 
scanty scratch feeding, get the chicks 
onto the regulation chick starter and 
growing ration which you have chosen 
to use. 


There is no one best method or 
ration. Many excellent rations are • 
available on the present day market. 
Choose one and use it carefully and 
according to directions. The main cau- 
tion, which I feel should be given this 
spring, is to lay out a method of 
feeding and rearing which will not 
force too rapid growth. Make it sub- 
stantial, and as long as the develop- 
ment does remain substantial speed 
it up, for there is no doubt but that 
production costs are cut down by les- 
sening the length of time between 
hatching date and laying date. This 
rate of maturity is to a large extent 
an inherited characteristic, possessed 
by some chicks not by others. Forced 
feeding tries to make chicks of wrong 
inheritance with regard to rate of 
maturity do the same as chicks of 
right inheritance, and losses later on 
are the result. 


Avoid overcrowding of chicks. This 
overcrowding is easy to do and it is 
too often done. Err this year on the 
other side. Give the chicks ample and 
abundant room, whatever system of 
brooding is being used. 


Try to lower brooder temperatures 
gradually, so that in from six to eight 
weeks the average flock is ready and 
weaned from artificial heat. Too many 
chicks are overheated, coddled, and 
softened. True, chicks must not be 
chilled, but they must have access to 
cool, fresh air from almost their first 
day forward. 

Methods of chick rearing do not 
change greatly. The methods of a 
few years back may be used with 
good results today. There are new 
devices ever being presented for 
doing chick rearing differently. Some 
are efficient and good. One must 
weigh carefully the placing of more 
capital investment in expensive equip- 
ment. This is a year for careful use 
of equipment on hand, and for the 
purchasing of that equipment which 
will do the required work most 
economically. It one has not good 
brooding devices at hand, then they 
must be secured, but buy carefully 
and make every cent count and 

This is not a year for experimen- 
tation on the part of the poultry 
raisers who would raise layers for 
$1.00 or less. Usually experimenta- 
tion should be left for those of us 
who are paid to do it for the benefit 
of the poultry industry at large. As 
a chick grower, I would try to find an 
economical scheme, then stick to it, 
using standard practices, leaving trial 
of new ideas to more prosperous 
times. It is vitally important that this 
1932 chick flock be made into the 
1932 pullet flock at least possible cost 
per bird. Margins of profit on the egg 
yield which they will give next year 
will not be as wide as they have been 
in past-war years, so most of us 



We have banded and blood-tested over 60,000 of our breed- 
ers. Chicks carry the same blood lines as Kerr hens that are 
making enviable records in the big egg-laying contests. Re- 
member, we are competing in these contests with leading 
specialty breeders from the whole U. S. Place your order 
now for healthy, vigorous chicks with this rich laying inheri- 
tance. Send for free Chick Book, price list and particulars. 

Kerr Chickeries, Inc. frenchtown, n. j. 

Paterson. N. J. Binghamton, N. Y. Lancaster. Pa. 

Trenton. N. J. Middletown, N. Y. Scranton. Pa. 

Camden, N. J. Schenectady, N. Y. Bethlehem. Pa, 
Toms River, N. J. E. Syracuse. N. Y. 

Danbury, Conn. 
W. Springfield, Mast. 
Lowell. Mas}. 
Woonsocket, R. I. 

DARKS: 1-.3-4-5 cork; 
l-:{-4 5 hen; l-2;« 4-5 
cockerel; 1-2-3-4 puliet ; 
1 old |.en; 1 young pen. 
LIGHTS: 1-2-3-4 cock; 
1-2-3 hen; 1-2-3-4 5 
cockerel; 1-2-3 pullet; 1 
old pen; 1 young pen. 

"Lady Beautiful" 

have won BEST DISPLAY 
at Madison Square Garden 


1 927 — 1 928 — 1 929 — 1 930 — 1 931 

Our matings this year are the very best we have 
ever seen them. Write for prices of hatching eggs 
from these ideal matings, or we can supply you 
birds to complete or make up your matings. Now 
is the time to get fresh blood to inbreed or start 
out fresh. Get the best. 

C. N. MYERS Box E 












Proven Quality 

PoaltlTf proof of th« hlffh quality of 
BAHY CHICKS lies In tiuj fx ^ that 
mure thous»ndf of our nhTfTKR 
IJABY CHICKS have been sold and 
«hipi>ed — and moro are nuw on order 
\,T future ilellvery— than during any 
i)reTiaus year. 

Your Protection 

So that you may ht> OlARANTKED 

vlimr and health whi- 1 ymi huy our 
HtTTTl-ni BAr.Y rilI«"KS, every birti 
is hatched from a CIORTIKIKI) KGO 
laid liy a mature hon. Kvery chick Is 

bmtohed In our own plant under ttte 
■tnclefll sanitary anidiiiwi*. set »y 
State InspecluriL Only select breeders 
are used. Every bird has been in- 
dividually intpceted and blood totted 
by Slate AuUiuTiUes. 


We brec-d profit ptotludnj Bocks, 
Beds, I>eirliorii», Orpingtons, and 
While Rocks. Ail chick* shipped in 
NKW 'Rahy Chick Pullman»". 100% 
Write for FBKE c^ataJi*. stating quan- 
tity and Tirlety de«in<d. OBnirB 
NOW — in advanoe M yixir require- 
ments. One cent per chit* holds them 
fur yiHi. 

Massanutten Farms Hatchery Box 6560, Harrisonburg, Ya. 


WERE GRAND ftiErtlv. 'i.^S^ st:;%^'^^~S"2 STJ3 r^^^ 

CHAMPIONS l^^. X.'^u .r'Lf^X-LXv.^^^^TS; 

culkd for Egg Production and Standard Quakty by poultryinen with many year, 
experience, plus training at Cornell and Ohio State Univers.t^s. Our chick, are 
oGrA^c;eilted and f^m flocks blood-.e^ed for B. W. D. Oj? .°% »'::« ^STpIi* 
•re trapne«ing 500 Big Type Barron White Leghorn, under Ohio Record of Per- 
formance. Big Free Catalog telU all about our chickj. Write for tt today. — ^ 

LANCASTER FARMS HATCHERY Route 1 4 Lancaster, Ohio 


Make Real Money 
in Poultry 

Get this 
FREE Book! 

A newly revised edition of 
our famous book, "How to 
Raise Poultry for Profit" is 
ready and wiil be sent free, postpaid, to 
readers of this magazine upon request. It 
tells of the International Poultry work done 
by Harry M. Lamon, whose methods of in- 
creasing egg production, culling out non-iayeis 
raising broilers to quick maturity, saving on 
feed, etc., etc., are doubling profits, raising 
salaries and bringing good jobs to men and 
M'omen all over the country. Mr. Lamon 's 
methods — and those of 16 other famous ex- 
perts — are given in a clear, successful home- 
study course of instructions. The Free Book 
brings you a cnmplote o»itline of this course. 
Whether you want a good job at a real salary 
or wan*^ to go into business for yourself — a 
highly profitable, fast-growing business — the 
Poultry Industry offers you the most. Trained 
poultrymen are always needed to fill the go d 
paying positions open on large poultry plants, 
in hatcheries, etc. Our Free Employment Dept. 
ia called upon c nstantly to sup]>ly men for 
these jobs. One of our students. J. L. Mosher, 
of Buffalo. N. Y.. started at $35 a week after 
tenth lesson. Another, Louie Baker, of Rey- 
nolds, N. C, writes: I secured a position at 
$45 per week after completing 18th lesson. 
You need Mr. Lamon 's book and we want you 
to have a copy. It will show you, too, how to 
make Poaltry pay BIGl Write for it now. 
TODAY. Address: 

Dept. XOX-G Washington, D. C. 




Meat Scrap 

4S% to 75% protoio 




Bone Meal 

Write for samples and get 
acquainted with our products. 

Mepcn^l Mff. Co.. Bridctburg, PkiU., Pa. 

•mmmmf or Oniff iOC 

Let tw ecnd yon • 4-moatha* truU •uboeriptloa 
to POCLTHY TRiBL'.NK. the bv pouitry mac- 
msiiM th«t coaducU it« uwn riprrmirntal Imrm. 
Money-mftkinc idri«« inrvrry iwu< ; prarf iral. re- 
IUMe.ut>'to<Ute. T.-IlaiaU^^ut thf !>« $1000.00 
C'u-'i Crowing Conte»t. Thrr* years fortl.CK); 
•rn I 10 r^nU cr>tn ar *%mxM for 4-monthfl Uisl. 

POULTRY TRIBUNK. D«pt. 84. Mount Morris, W. 




for Immediate Delivery 

Built-in sections. . .fr'-'Tn finest kiln- 
dried lumber. . . .approved de-signs. . . 
Bini^le or doHble floors. . . .insulated if 
desired. . .can be mounted on s!^>ds or 
set on cement blocks or flat stones. 
Freifrht prepaid into many States, 
freipht allowance on distant shipments. 

Po<iltry Hmis«». Pig'-on 
Houses. TUI'lt Hutdics. 
etc. Write today. 


1 Depot Street 
Randolph, Vl*n. 


think. One answer must be the pro- 
vision of pullet layers which have 
been more economically grown than 
usual, and which, as said above, stand 
ready to lay at a cost of approximate- 
ly one dollar. 

March and April are the great 
chick producing months. Weather 
conditions will probably favor chick 
rearing this spring. Econonic con- 
ditions seem to urge reasonable ex- 
pansion in numbers of chicks to be 

produced, especially those fpr pullet 
production. This article does repeat 
some things said before this spring in 
the columns of this journal, but it 
does so for emphasis's sake, and 
because we are now in the midst of 
the 1932 chick season and need to 
realize how important it is to out 
profit earning power of next year to 
raise pullet laying stock economically 
during these coming months, just 
ahead of us. 

$965 Profit Instead of $153 Loss 

Continued fr 

more on their birds during the year, 
and in return received $2.39 greater 
income. That's better than 500 per 
cent return on the extra cost. 

What Size Flock? 

We often wonder how many 
chickens we ought to have in order 
to make the most money. The folks 
who lost money had about the same 
number of birds as the high income 
folks. We are safe in saying that the 
number of chickens does not deter- 
mine labor income per bird. In fact, 

om page in 

I have never seen any correlation be- 
tween the number of chickens a 
poultryman has and his labor returns 
per bird. Of course, there would be a 
difference if we were considering 
labor costs. We all know that 300 
birds can be cared for with less than 
three times the work that is required 
for 100 chickens. 

Investment Costs 

It is poor business for a farmer to 
let his chickens roost in a woodshed 
and use equipment that is obsolete. It 


Qroup Comparisons 

Size of Flocks 


16 LOSS 

Birds per flock — Beg. of Yr. 
Birds per flock — End of yr. 
Average number birds for yr. 



Money Invested 

Investment — Beg. of yr. 
Investment — End of yr. 




Eggs — Laying Flock 
Meat — Laying Flock 
Chicks and Hatching Eggs 
Eggs and Meat — Growing Flock 







Feed for Laying Flock 
Feed for Growing Flock 






Miscellaneous Costs 
Investments & Repairs 



Interest, taxes, and Insurance 





11 et Income 






Labor Income Per Bird 



16 Loss 





is also unsound to have too much 
money tied up in expensive equip- 
ment. These farmers who made the 
greatest income had $2.00 per bird 
less money tied up. An extra invest- 
ment of $2.00 per bird means an 
extra charge of 14c for interest and 
taxes, besides the extra depreciation 
that is suffered. I don't want to put 
too much emphasis on this point, how- 
ever, because most of us have too 
little equipment rather than too much. 
It doesn't pay to try to get by with 
poor brooding equipment, an unsat- 
isfactory chicken house, and lack of 
enough waterers and feeders. 

High Ekk Yield Essential 

31 Profitable 
Fl ck.s 

Egg Yield per bird Irtl 

Feed cost jjcr dozen 14c 

Aver, prtce received per doz. .'{4c 

When we look further into just 
how these poultrymen made more 
money, we find that they let their 
chickens lay their own farm relief. 
They got almost four dozen eggs per 
bird more than the low group and m 
that way boosted their egg income 
$2.10 per bird and cut their feed cost 
down to 14c a dozen, and hiked the 
average selling price of their eggs up 
to 34c. 

Top eggs count. A certain number 
of eggs are required to pay expenses. 
The ones we get over this required 
"umber are profit eggs. Prices vdli 
have to sink lower than they are now 
before the poultrjonan who gets 181 
eggs per bird will need relief of any 
kind. True, this is a high flock aver- 
age, for it means 50 '/c production 
during the entire year. The folks who 
got the high production spent more 
money in feeding their chickens, but, 
through getting these extra eggs they 
cut their feed costs per dozen. After 
all, this is more important than re- 
ducing feed cost per hen. 

They received a higher average 
price for their eggs because they got 
more of them during October, Novem- 
ber, and December when egg prices 
were at their peak. Do you get 25 ^r 
of all your eggs during these months? 
That's the way to increase your aver- 
age price, without changing the gen- 
eral price of eggs. 

These 31 poultrymen made their 
high egg yield by starring with chicks 
from pedigreed cockerels. These 
chicks were bred to lay. They gave 
their chick lots of room and raised 
them on clean ground, away from the 
laying flock. When the pullets were 
mature they were put into comfort- 
able laying houses and were fed all 
they would eat of a good feed. Most 
of these folks used wet mash during 
a part of the year, and artificial lights 
to stimulate feed consumption during 
the fall and winter months. 

All sound poultry practices mean 
more eggs per bird. The point I want 
to stress now is that it means dollars 
and cents in your pockets to get 
these top eggs. Many poultrj-men 
claim that they could get a high pro- 






From the Cream of the World's Best Egg Bred Stock 

Every one of our Breeding Males this season from Pedigreed Stock up to 319 egg 
breeding, and from a flock that has been blooa tested for eight years. FrlCM Tery 
reasonable and a very special proposition for early booking of orders. 


GET OUR BEAUTIFUIj FREE CATALOGUE. Its as good as a visit to our farm: 
describing ..ur farm and stock, and giving full page views of our buildinfs, descnbine 
our stock, and quoting T>ri<es on our World Famous Jancred S'ocK. ,..„.„ 

Don't keep "those Uttle Leghorns" — get some of the Tancred Heavy layers. 
Heavy Weighers, Profit Payers for 1932. 

;5 .;iiiiiiiiiiii;iiiJii."!:«Jt«»*:i«--^- 


This year we are hatching ENTIRELY from flocks State Tested for P«"<J"i™ 
Disease (l(. W. D.) WITHOUT A SINGLE REACTOR ^o^^^ .^^, «T^°rVcK9 
other large hatchery selling only chicks of this grade. These are real QUALITY CHICKS. 

Special New Low Prices, Saving $4.00 Per 100 

Reds and 



B. Rocks and 



White Rocks and 



Special Mating Chicks. 2c additional. Prices are per hundred For orders of -5 chicks 
add 75c For 50 chicks add $1.00. %c discount on orders for 500; Ic off on orders 
for 1.000. We ship prepaid and guarantee 100% delivery. New catalogue. 




New Hampshire Reds IJc'edTr?«'a?c?.^itJi'^7cks^Aur^^"e ^l^^rThJ^r' 




MAMMOTH BRONZE TURKEYS. Now booking orders 
for May and .June I'oults iit prices to suit the times. 

100 pairs of Giant White Kings for $125.00. ProUfic breeders. 

SEIDELTON FARMS, Box B, Wa«hlngtonvlUe, Pa. 

Will Ship C. 0. D.— Send for Free Catalog 

Leghorn Chicks £rom Trapnest 

and Pedigreed Stock 

■cl."s"you buy from us are hatched from our own eeg-. In Bobbins El««riolnaibamr Pedigreed 
Nereis fn.m 302 tS 318 e« ILxnlline mat*,i to "M l,e,H with t^JP""' «f'd Manlaii.l Eeg Laying 
l)»nte*t Records from 200 cgKs up. (Mr priors are jreatly reduced. Write>. 

llsiittst Records from 2tiii cgKs up. inir prim-s «r» »rc.»., .<~w..^ - -■ _ . _ ,, „_ 


9ed I 

ing I 




T^^^prRrmCK LOWER than year ago. Sajnp Ilich Suadard. Quality at commoo 
3V2c!^,,rk- nr«-V I K VDKRS SIM^: ^0. \V,.rlds t^*l eK(f strains. Imported aiid 
Pedi^re^d Matln'^ 1 'o"- P. m^d.eitJ'Reds. LIVAIilLlTT OfAB-VNTEED. Free, 
to Na^.nal Cl,i.* Growing C.;nl«.t. Beautiful catalog tells all. ^^ ^ 

Most Popular Grade "A" Varietiea j^j ^^ jj.^^^ ,53 qq 

Mi^- T,.m narn,u WTiite pKhoms ••• — ■• . 9.50 2«.00 48.00 

Willie, Buff and Brown If K>'Of"'i, ^~"" n 50 34<>0 56 00 




The opportunity of a lifetime 
to stock the reading table 
with your favorite magazines 
at a price that may never 
come again. 

No. 619 
Everybodys Poultry Mag. 
Needlecraft, 2 yrs. 
Home Circle. 1 yr. 
Illustrated Mechanics, 1 
Good Stories, 1 yr. 
The Country Ilooie, 1 yr 

•11 tor $ 1 , 

2 yrs. 


No. 621 
Everybodys Poultry Mag., 2 yrs. 
Woman's World, 1 yr. 
Household Manazine, 1 yr. 
Good Stories, 1 yr. 
Home Circle, 1 yr. 

•11 for $1.00 

No. 622 
Everybodys Poultry Mag. 
Ne.-dlecruft, 2 vrs. 
Woman's World, 1 yr. 
Home Friend. 1 yr. 
Illustrated Mecliauics, 1 

•11 for $ 1 

2 yrs. 


No. 626 
Everybodys Poultry Mag. 
I'ailiniider (Wkly) 1 yr. 
Woman's World, 1 yr. 
Good Stories, 1 yr. 

•11 for $ 1 

,2 yrs. 


No. 631 
Everybodys Poultry Mag., 2 yrs. 
McCall'h Magazine, 1 yr. 
Better Homes h Gardens. 1 yr. 
Household Magazine, 1 yr. 
The Farm Journal, 1 yr. 

•II tor $1.50 


2 YEARS aiid cboice of any font (4) 
magazines $1.00. 











Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
Box 286, Hanover, Pa. 

c;entlrnien: I eiicloM $ Please 

sta:t Clul) No cominc to tlie 

xlitress ImiIuw at oiiue. Mine is a G new 
G rciiew«l G to \^ extcndevt ^ibscrlptloM. 
iNOTK: We will extend the siilscrlrilon of 
a!iv prj-M'iit sit ".ertl'er wlm va"l« tu take 
tiJvajitaRo of these exceptional orcTS>. 

G I have selecteil my own cluh anil enclose 
list uf ma^a/inei I have ctirckcd. 




duction, but that it wouldn't pay for 
the extra cost. That kind of farmer is 
likely to be pushed out of business by 
more efficient producers. 

Keep Mortality Low 

Dead hens are a complete loss for 
two reasons. They lay no eggs just 
as dead cows give no milk, and also 
they represent a loss in inventory. 
The 16 poultrymen who lost money 
had 17 birds that died during the year 
out of each 100 birds at the beginning 
of the year. The other group kept 
their mortality down to nine per cent. 

High egg production does not mean 
a high mortality. Some poultrymen 
think that mortality cannot be kept 
low if they get lots of eggs. From my 
observations, I believe that mortality 
depends on other factors. These high 
poultrymen reduced their mortality 
by following a careful sanitation pro- 
gram. Chicken pox and diphtheric 
roup have taken a great number of 
mature birds here in Ohio during the 
last few years. Just recently I saw a 
flock where about 50 per cent of the 
birds had died from this cause. These 
losses are now being reduced by vac- 
cinating the pullets with a live 
chicken pox virus during the summer 
months when the birds are on range 
and are between 12 and 16 weeks of 

Keep Poultry Piant Working to 

Each month these poultrymen had 
a decrease in the size of their flocks, 
either due to mortality, or culling or 
both. The high income group had 53 
birds left at the end of the year out 
of 100 started at the beginning of the 
year. The other group had only 35 
left out of each hundred birds 
started. That is a big loss. How much 
money do you think the dairyman 
would make if he had only 35 cows 
left at the end of the year out of the 
hundred he started with? This de- 
crease is one of the biggest items 
responsible for low incomes on poul- 
try farms. It increases the capitaliza- 
tion of the business and makes the 
houses and equipment only half 

We won't have to cull as much if 
we have chickens that are bred for 
persistent production. Trapnest 
records show that some pullets will 
keep on laying late in the fall while 
others will stop laying as early as 
May or June. If we have those birds 
that will lay late then we can keep 
our houses more nearly full during 
the entire year. 

Another help in keeping the poul- 
try plant working to capacity is in 
keeping over the good pullets as 
yearlings for a second year's pro- 
duction. Mr. Kennard of the Ohio 
Experiment Station, Wooster, Ohio, 
has demonstrated that good yearling 
hens, properly fed and lighted by all- 
night lights will produce practically 
a3 many winter eggs as pullets. Mor- 

tality is lower on yearlings, and need- 
less to say the depreciation loss is 

Study Your Poultry Enterprise 

If you will follow the pointers as 
suggested by the records from these 
31 profitable poultrymen, you too, can 
put your flock into the black. We 
learn that their chief secrets are: 

1. High Egg Yield — by having well 
bred chicks and good feed plus lots 
of it, and good care. 

2. Low Mortality — by following 
good sound sanitation practices in 
growing chicks and caring for old 

3. Less Culling — by having per- 
sistent layers and keeping over more 
of the yearlings. 

4. High Fall Production — by using 
artificial lights during the fall and 
winter months. 


Continued from page 124 
Fignire it out what ever way you like, 
the fact remains that you stand a far 
better opportunity for profit from 
poultry than anj'thing else you may 
raise this season of 1932. 

If thousands of farmers are deter- 
mined to be short sighted in viewing 
the prospects with poultry, the more 
reason why you should realize that 
the low price level for eggs in a large 
number of localities has been equal- 
ized by low feed prices. Incidentally, 
thousands upon thousands of house- 
wives are using eggs today on account 
of low prices as compared with red 
meat and who will continue to use 
eggs in greater quantities when the 
price trend is upwards. 

We can offer no better advice, in 
case you are undecided as to whether 
or not to put in your usual number 
of chicks this spring, than to say that 
you will be making a mistake if you 
do not. Low feed prices balance the 
lower egg market. Can the same com- 
parison be made on any other line of 
agricultural products? 

Now Is The Time To Improve 

There is a growing tendency on the 
part of poultrymen everywhere to 
improve their flocks. This can only be 
accomplished through improvement in 
foundation breeding. It would be a 
wonderful education, as well as in- 
centive, for that poultryman who 
('':'sires something better, to visit some 
cf our pedigree breeding establish- 
ments where trapnesting is practiced 
365 days a year. 

Chicks, hatching eggs and breeding 
stock of individual pedigree ancestry 
are not available in thousand lots or 
can you purchase such quality breed- 
ing at prevailing prices of chicks that 
are just as good as represented, but 
are not the result of individual pedi- 
gree breeding. 

To start a line of foundation breed- 
ir.c, no better time will present itself 



^ than the present. Pick out that 

^ breeder who is doing a real job at 

pedigree work, purchase a few chicks 

or hatching eggs — use every care to 

* raise these chicks to maturity — care- 
fully mature both the cockerels and 
pullets. When you have them raised, 
go right back to that breeder from 

* whom you purchased — telling him of 
your result and he will carefully 
direct you to the next step in mating. 

Never before have you been able 
to buy such high quality at so reason- 
able a price as at present. In pur- 
chasing pedigree quality however, 
know that to trap the sire and dam, 
and the sires and dams for genera- 
tions back, costs real money. To 
obtain such breeding you must be 
willing to pay for it. Let the breeder 
from whom you intend to purchase 
know that you, as a poultryman, have 
at least an idea of pedigreeing and 
trapnesting costs. 

Coccidiosis and Cannibalism 

By Lewis I. Fox 
I am a commercial poultryman 
brooding about 7500 chicks each year. 
Coccidiosis and cannibalism have been 
my major problems as they get too 
big a slice of the profits. 

With feed as cheap as it is we can 
make a profit in spite of the low 
prices of eggs and broilers if we can 
reduce our mortality and number of 
culls. A poultr>'man cannot control 
the market, but the management of 
his flock rests entirely with himself. 

Our system of management has to 
be economical both in regard to labor 
and expenditures, the entire income 
being from the sale of eggs, broilers 

and old hens. 

The plan for coccidiosis control we 
are following this year seems to work 
very satisfactorily and is quite eco- 

First I talked to my hatcheryman 
about dipping his hatching eggs in an 
iodine solution. He thought it was a 
logical precaution and did so. 

We cleaned out our brooder house 

thoroughly and then scrubbed it with 

the iodine solution. We scrubbed the 

water fountains and mash hoppers 

and then dipped them in the same 

solution. After the house was dry we 

put four inches of shavings on the 

floor. This insulates the chicks from 

the cold floor and the droppings get 

buried in the litter. We stir up the 

shavings daily with a pitch ^^rk. The 

litter was changed once the first oO 

^Our brooder house is insulated and 
has four rooms about 20 x 20 ft., so 
we put 1020 chicks to a room with 
two brooder stoves in each room. 
When the chicks were a week old, wo 
removed the canopies from the stoves 
and put in low roosts along the wall 
with wire under them to keep the 
chicks away from the droppings. 
Please turn to page 157 


Watdi for "auplog 
<nilckt". Tban aae oar 
Inhalant. - "~^>^^ 


Wltlt ^^Tli« OHglnal Gas Treatment** 

The smell of smoke and disinfectants does not 
kill germs in the air. Report of research by Dr. 
Emerson, Bacteriologist, University of Michigan, 
proves that our Inhalant kills 
germs in the air and is non- 
irritating. Use it to check all re- 
iC(9V» spiratory diseases in poultry of 
'',/ all ages. Get a copy of our free 
'y booklet, 


"How to Stop Epi- 



Are Made By 


Newark-Wayne Cc-New York 

Let Us Make Yours 

Samples On Request 



. ONE of the largest R. O. P. flocks in Pennsylvania. 

• VJ Bred and personally managed by poultryman of 2 7 

• vears experience. Satisfied customers in 28 states. Start 
« JSw ^^th quality approved by State Bureau of Markets. 

Send for Free Circular 


- _■■■■—.. -r -BnTTnitraa AVn ILAJRRED BOX E 




Instant Louse Killer 

Kills LICE 


These Better 
last a Lifc'Time 

Beicht e».«lly Adjusted «a chicks gr -w 
to "ullet M7e. Keed w»sU> •"''ted t^ 

r;"V"w;f,U«. Send'Vor pTloa. .nd Ut.r.ture 





I am intere«ted in the items checked: 

□ Willauer Chi<k Feeders 

□ Willauer Klectric Waterer 

□ Willauer Dry Mash Feeders 

□ Willauer Rear Entrance Neata 


Town State 



The outyrouth of a half's backnard poultry plant — a breeding 
farm. Right, Royal 11'. Booth, the boy and the present owner. 

An Ambition That Has Been Realized 

From two little incuha' 
tors twenty years ago to 
a fine poultry plant is 
a hoy*s dream come true. 

FOR a person to have purpose- 
fully set up a high goal of 
achievement to work toward, 
and then to have finally attained that 
goal after almost 20 years of non- 
ceasing eflPort certainly is sufficient 
grounds for the utmost gratification 
and pardonable personal pride to that 
person, and certainly has earned for 
him the respect and esteem of all who 
know of his career. 

Before Royal Booth had graduated 
from High School, he had determined 
upon his life work. He was going to 
own a fine poultry farm— one that 
would compare favorable with the 

world's finest — and he has achieved 
that goal. 

In 1913, upon graduating from 
High School, Royal Booth started in 
the chicken business. He bought two 
small incuDatcrs, and set up a small 
breeding plant — with trapnests, of 
course — in his back yard. He sold the 
chicks that he hatched — an almost un- 
heard of thing at the time — to local 
poultry raisers. He made $700 during 
that first year. The first step toward 
his goal. 

Booth kept on expanding his plant 
slowly until a few years later, when 
the World War intervened, and he 
went to France with the United States 
Army, leaving his business affairs in 
the capable hands of his brother. 

Upon his return, he started a 
definite breeding plan of his own, be- 
ginning with a few individuals which 
had shown their ability to reproduce 
offspring as good or better than them- 
selves. He continually built up the 
quality and quantity of his flock by 
judicious breeding from a combina- 
tion of his own bloodlines and high 
record birds purchased from other 

Judges culling some Rhode Island Red breeders. 



noted breeders. He was meeting with 
success each year. He never lost sight 
of egg size, and built up a remarkable 
producing strain of Leghorns, Rocks 
and Reds. 

In 1925 Booth obtained a White 
Leghorn hen that was destined to 
make poultry history through her abil- 
ity to reproduce offspring as good or 
better than herself. Hen No. 18242 
had laid 318 large, well shaped eggs, 
under official test in her pullet year. 
She came from a family of heavy 
laying, prepotent layers as her seven 
full sisters in the same pen averaged 
300 eggs apiece. He mated her to a 
male that possessed all of the desir- 
able characteristics toward which he 
wanted to breed. From this ideal com- 
bination he raised 33 choice cockerels. 

In 1926 he mated these cockerels to 
about 400 selected hens which were 
the cream of seven years careful 
breeding. They had trapnest records 
of from 210 to over 300 eggs. They 
were the nucleus he needed, and, to 
use Booth's own words, "When I 
looked over those matings, I felt a 
thrill of justifiable pride, for every 
individual in them showed breeding 
that I wanted to perpetuate and in- 
tensify. I knew that my method of 
breeding and selection had borne 

The hens which made such sensa- 
tional records at the 1930 contests 
were daughters of these matings, and 
grand daughters of that remarkable 
hen. Among them was "Miss Dixiana", 
who made an all time record for the 
U. S. of 342 eggs at the Georgia 
National Contest that year. "Miss 
Dixiana" has now taken the place ot 
her noted grandmother in the Booth 
matings, and is being used in exactly 
the same manner. All of Booth Farms 
AAA Matings carry her direct blood. 

We cannot touch upon the numer- 
ous official records that Booth Farm 
birds have made in laying contests all 
over the country for the past several 
years. Space does not permit. Leg- 
horns, Rocks, Reds, Orpingtons — they 
have all made the very hottest com- 
petition wherever entered, and have 
set up some remarkable records for 
coming generations of heavy laying 
chickens to shoot at. 





^^ PAINT^ 

J^ THE ^ 



miaa kill* loMCta 
tini. ahrab* 

No work ... No hiM ... No bother ... No 

handling of birdf wh«n you d«loM>« wtth 

"Black Leaf 40." Juit paint topt of roottt 

lishtly. Th« fumM kill iic« wMI« Hdck rooM. 

R«comnM«4*il by Coll*s«* aod 

Cxp«rlnMnt Station* 

If your dealer do«i not handle, eend SI for 

trial package. Co«t« but fraction of a ««•»« < 

a bird to deloute with "Black Leaf 40." 

Tobacco By -Products Jk Chemical 

p., Incorporated, LouhvlMojK- 





^ HOTEL i 

ROOM BATM ^ 2^>0 

f^KH' - Fi'i-prcd - Ci^Hi I run ' 

/ , i iitiiittf 

Toe-Punch' Em! 


The 8imple«t way to mark your chick*. 
Punches » cleen hole that lasts throutth 
out the life of the chick. Price poat- 
paid. 25 cents. 


No branch of the poultry busineM offers 
greater opportunities today than the grow^ 
fn« of Capon^-whether you "e ra.MnK 
Lerhorns, Bock.. Orpingtons. Re<l»-.B"^: 
mas or other of our popular t-^ef; •««», 
varieties. Half or a greater P^r;^f«fK* « 
all chicks hatched are male. V,hj not in- 
vestigate just what you can accomplish by 
turning thetn into Capons. 


Capon Gold — 

A sot of Capon Gold 
Fathor Cases . , . , 
"A Slip" or "A Fako 
Quootions and Aniwor* 

Rtmovlns Rootter Olandt 
Csro After Operatloa 
Filling the Pot 
Proper Feed 

1 A^ Every reader of this publication can 
lUChavrthis little »'OoV^«^• V"^,!. 
dime (2c stamps *nll do). I f y < u 
intend to caponiie your surplus cockerels 
you need it-^r if you want to know how 
to caponiie— how to turn cockerels that 
would find a low price market '"to P^^ " 
able marketable capons by a 1 means mail 
!5o today and get this book which tells 
how. The author is an acnowledged au 
thority. • 

"Know How to Caponize" 

Box 286 

Hanover, Pa. 


Booth's contest pens are selected 
from the run of the flock as showing 
potential egg laying ability. Their 
contest records serve as a check up on 
the production increase of the stock 
from year to year. The balance of the 
flock is not forced for eggs, but is 
kept on a ration that will produce 
eggs of high fertility and chicks of 
extraordinary vitality. 

Booth's ambition has been realized. 
A half mile or so from the corporate 
limits of Clinton, Missouri, is situated 
one of the world's finest poultry 
farms. On it is produced, on a large 
scale, heavy laying flocks of poultry. 
Not only the generally accepted heavy 
laying breed of poultry — White Leg- 
horns but Barred Plymouth Rocks, 

Rhode Island Reds, Buff Orpingtons, 
and other dual purpose varieties arc 
bred here over the same effective 
system of breeding, on this central 
breeding plant. 

In addition to his central breedmg 
plant and hatchery. Booth breeders 
are placed on up-to-date farms m the 
vicinity. These flocks are inspected 
regularly by Booth's staff of field 
men, who keep these flocks in the best 
of condition, and do not allow them 
to depreciate below the standard 
Booth demands. These flocks help pro- 
duce the eggs from which some of 
Booth's chicks are hatched. 

Booth will have sold 4,000,000 or 
more baby chicks during the season 
of 1931-32. To have produced such 
baby chicks on such a large scale year 
after year has been the work of a 
real poultryman. Not only inherent 
ability as a breeder has been needed 
to accomplish this, but also excep- 
tional qualities as a high type business 

Of course. Royal Booth has a cap- 
able and loyal corps of assistants. 
Without them he could not function. 
Chief among them is Mrs. Booth, his 
office manager. She is to be com- 
mended highly for her interest, loyal- 
ty and enthusiasm. Her office is the 
last word in up-to-date efficiency, in 
keeping with every other operation on 
the farm. It has to be, with the 
thousands of trapnesting and other 
records to be kept in order, to say 
nothing of the tremendous amount of 
correspondence which has increased 
in direct proportion to the fame 
brought to this farm in recent years 

Just as Royal Booth enjoyed Uie 
distinction of being a pioneer baby 
chick man away back in 1913, so is 
he now distinguished for being ab e 
to produce chicks from uniformly 
high egg record ancestry on a very 
large scale. 

What is tha difference between a foreman 
working on a newspaper form .!««» J^ °" I' 
goes to press, and a carrier pigeon! One is 
justifying and the other is justa-flying.— Ex. 

Four year old Charlotte had been having 
some trouble with her English, but has entire- 
ly passed her diflScultiea on one pointy I see 
how it is now. Mamma" she said the other 
day. ••Hens set and l»y". Yes. And 

people sit and lie. don't they I —Ex. 


• New Nursery Electric 

• Heater for Carpenter 

• Battery Brooders 

Blmpllf; broodln* problenu with CarpenUr com- 
plete battery untu. Tho new Eloclrlc Canopy 
Heater raloeo compartment temporaturo to ooiroct 
•tace (90 or 96 degrees > for broodtnf day old 
ohicks. without affecting other compartment* In 
the 'ame battery. Ideally sultwl to brooding chlcta 


To operate C»rpent»T Eleoirtc Canopy Heatar plug ordinary light socket, ll /f"?"*; 
curely to »lde rail, of batttry segiaent and may 
be removed with ease whm not In uie. L'«» •" 
CarDenter products this heaUng attachraent offera 
mailraum eoonoray. Write for full nart leu lars. 

Carpenter Xursery Batteries, intermediate Bai- 
teriea and cwmplete Broiler Plant* CTmtlnue to 
lead the way for poultrymen with llmlt«l btidgeU 
who dedlre the advantages at quality ard Quin- 
tlty production. Send today for oomplete catalog. 

8 Ma4iMa Rd. Brl»htweod. Va. 


(we contract for all 


aag* PROFITS In raising CHINCHILLA and 
US on contract backed by eighteen year, of •*'T|«« 

rmrm^^rm^C for you by mi'inB an anynai tnai 
rnVrt f ^ producesilyount; yearly. for wmcn 

we PAY YOU f 1.00 TO $6.50 BACH 

I^r« iil.„tn.t^ ^*. cflo, "-d ro"tT«»-f '° 7JT ofTOB 
varmint; mair&xinf rivrs comp ete d«t»ii" an lor n.»c.rtu«xw— 



,int/ /iraff,,;,''! 


NOW 18 THE TIME to buy 

•■Klorex". Completely disin- 
fects and deodorizes your In- 
cubators, brooder* and poultry 
buildings EfBclwit for purify- 
ing drinking water. .Vbaolutely 
NON-POISONOrs In dlhi- 
tiofis reooromended _on It; 
THIS AD. Price $1.50. 
C. W. Whitmoyer Labaratorlea 
Mytntown. Pa^ 





CbrdOai'mS Treat The Air They Breathe vU 

S.CWhite Leghorns 


Doubly Guaranteed 

1. 100% UVABILITY 

guaranteed for first two weck« 


than chicks purcbaaed elsewbere 

Our Orade-A Chicks are produced from breed- 
ers oil our own 3Si)-acre farms. They carry the 
blood of frapnested, pedlKrced foundation stock 
with records up to more than 300 eggs. 

Egg Farming Book FREE 

Our Ye*r P.ook has lonn tieeii a standard 
textbook on egc farining, Uie most prolitable 
branch of poultrykeeplng. Our J9K2 
edition Is Illustrated with fresh views 
taken on our farms. It tells how wo 
Irmpnest, pedigree and breed 
ta produce Orade-A Clildts. A 
practical liook based on actual 
mperlence. Write for your 
copy— FRKE If V'Mi live Kast 
of the Mississippi Blrer. 

1, 1 


63 Forest Road 
Metbuen, Mass. 



c/c a 



IF YOU ORDER NOW — for our healthy large 
type Tancred White Ijeghorn Chicks. Grade A 
<iuality. Develop early into heavy layers of 
large white eggs. All i>arent stock free range. 
NIKi: CENTS A CHICK in lots of 500 or 
over, if you order now for March delivery. 
EIGHT CENTS if you order now for April 
delivery. lO'/o of purchase price books order 
for delivery on any future date. Remember— 
one grade, one quality, and one variety. OhI 
What Chick Value. Order direct from this ad. 
No quality to compare with these chicks at 
■nch prices. 


Route 5 Hanover, P«. 

CHIX $10 PER 100 

(Immediate delivery, any number) 

S- C. White LeghornB 

Baxred Plymouth Rox 

White Wyandottes 

Bhode Island Reds 



Partridge Ply 


Dm most beautiful as well as 
Most profitable variety of Amer- 
i43Ui breeds o( poultry. Won 
every prize at Madison Square 
Garden. Jan., 1931. BreedlnK 
•took, mated flocks or alnxle 
Urds. Hatching eggs. Catalog tells 
you all a^lout Dird Brc^. famous 
Partridge Rocks. 

BIRO BROS.. Box J. MeyM^ale. f 

We won 18 First Prizes out of the 19 p<»- 
sil)le at Ohio and New York State Kaira, 
1931. Real Quality. Disease Free. Large 
Tyi)e. Heavy Lajera, Large Eggs. Reason- 
ably prloed. Catalogue fn*' Sherman 
Bewden & Son. Box I95T. Mansfield. ONio 

nAinljiJ and DUCKLINGS 

All Cliicks From Blood Tested and Bred To Lay Stock. 

In businesit alHuit :;n yeiars. Buy Clucks ajid I)uciilln«» 
of U8 and kn>*v what you are geuing. Prioe» very 
teaannable. CaialoKua and Prices on request. 


Two Farms. Nunda. N. Y. and Pembroke, N. Y. 
Main Office located at Pembroke, N. Y. 

Disinfection is not com' 

pletc unless the air in the 

poultry house is rid of 

respiratory germs* 

Father was a Free Will Baptist 
preacher in Wisconsin. Just as we 
were getting ready to move from one 
place to another, a health officer 
whom Dad had antagonized, clapped 
a smallpox quarantine sign on the 
house because I had been "exposed" 
to smallpox. It seemed like a flimsy 
excuse for keeping us sitting in the 
midst of our rolled up carpets and 
disorganized furniture for a couple 
weeks. At the end of two weeks, no- 
body had come down with smallpox. 
The whole house was "fumigated" 
and away we flew! 

They used to do considerably more 
fumigating in the old days than today. 
The prophylactic value of pure, fresh 
air itself is better understood now- 
adays. Unquestionably one way to 
cope with all poultry diseases is to 
maintain sanitary conditions; having 
clean, disinfected floors and providing 
for a constant change of fresh air in 
brooder houses and laying houses at 
all times. But even then vigilance 
cannot be "unlaxed". 

Sometimes chicks and mature birds 
will become infected from something 
in the food, or something in the 
water, or germs in the air. 

It occurs to us that not enough 
attention has been paid to the swift 
spread of disease that scatters 
through the air. What about "aerial 
infection"? Floors may be scrubbed, 
birds may be rubbed and epidemics 
still break out. Even "just a cold" 
with poultry may quickly become 
something much more serious. It 
doesn't take many days for infectious 
bronchitis to change a "promising 
outlook" into a dismal prospect! 

Hatcheries and poultry keepers 
have been using certain inhalants — 
that are sprayed into the air — and are 
of such a character that they remain 
and float in the air and kill germs 
found in respiratory diseases of 
poulti-y. Inhalants can be used that 
are deadly to germs but soothing and 
non-irritating to stock and human 

Birds may be so sick that they will 
not eat nor drink, but when they stop 
breathing they are dead! So a fumi- 
gant that not only — to use the dic- 
tionary definition of "fumigate" — 
"disinfects by the action of smoke or 
vapor" but also has a remedial qual- 


ity when inhaled by the bird, may 
quickly check a critical condition 
when any other method would prove 

Remedies are offered to the human 
family through the local druggist, 
that may be sprinkled on the pillow at 
night, sprayed on a handkerchief or 
steamed, so that the "vapor" may 
permeate the air, be inhaled by the 
patient and heal while they relax or 
sleep. Since air goes everywhere, the 
use of a penetrating gas disinfectant 
that both destroys germs in the air 
and heals when inhaled by poultry, 
may in future be considered the ideal 
"general disinfectant". 

An intere.sting report on the use of 
such a germ destroying "disinfecting 
gas" is received from the Roberts 
Hatchery, Bath, Pennsylvania, At the 
recent Harrisburg Pennsylvania Farm 
Show, Mr. and Mrs. Grover Roberts 
had a curious stuffed bird that was 
on display in a booth. In the picture 
this stuffed Barred Rock is shown at 
the left with a very much alive full 
brother directly in front of Mr. 
Roberts. Here is the story! 

A farm flock, badly infected with 
bronchitis, contained these two 
brothers. Both of whom were in a far 
advanced condition with this disease. 
Gas treatment was used. An inhalant 
was sprayed in the air of the house 
where the sick flock was shut up. Both 
of them were completely cured. One 
was killed and skinned. The Roberts 
family enjoyed him for Sunday din- 
ner while the taxidermist took the 
"hide and feathers", stuffed the bird, 
duplicating as closely as possible the 
gasping position of a bird infected 
with bronchitis. This stuffed bird and 
his live brother were used as an il- 
lustration of "before and after" 

"Before and after" heing cured of 
hronehitiH bit an inhalant. An interest- 
ing dixptay at thr Prunxiilvania Farm 
I'roductif Shoiv. 

Chicken Pen-ings 

Continued from page 110 

this country has been the establishment by 
produce exchanges in the large markets of 
tiia practice giving the name of the best grade 
«f acgs to a poorer grade if the best are not 
«n the market. Recently a distributor com^ 
plained to the National Poultry. Butter and 
Km Bulletin, that a customer had refused 
to accept as of the required grade a lot of 
18 casea of eggs vehich were not chalk white. 
'•and it is the color for which we are paying 
an extra six or seven cents." The jobber 
says "We had supposed that new-laid eggs 
at this season of the year are so very scarce. 
was a matter of real importance." So it is 
but not enough to justify attempts to get 
ehalk white prices for tinted eggs. 

Of 11,904 car loads of live poultry received 
at New York in 1931 the receipts by freight 
were 10,152 cars, by express 254 cars, by 
truck 1498 cars. „• • ■ 

According to the last census Virginia in 
1929 raised 527,715 turkeys. 127,318 ducks, 
and 87,463 geese. Only one farmer in five 
grew turkeys and the average number grown 
by farmers keeping turkeys was 17. One 
farmer in 13 grew ducks, the average number 
being 10. One farmer in 36 grew geese, the 
average number being seven. 

It it interesting to compare wholesale 
quotations on eggs at the New York and 
London markets. According to geographical 
•ource eggs at New York are "nearby . 
•western", and "Pacific Coast." At London 
the general quotaton on National Mark eggs 
spplies apparently to all eggs from the 
British Isles except those from Northern 
Ireland but the quotations on these are sub- 
•Untially the same, the top figure being 
Muivalent to 48 cents a dozen. New \ork 
en the sama date. Jan. 1. quoted nearby and 
western current collections at 36 cents for 
the best, and Pacific Coast a cent and a hall 
kigher Prom outside the British Isles, eggs 
are quoted from all parts of the world but 
KoTth America. Dutch, Danish. Swedish. Bel- 
fian. Polish. Egyptian. South African. Aus- 
tralian. Chinese, and Argentine. Only the 
Dutch. Danish and Swedish eggs approximate 
the high prices for home egg». Egyptian eggs 
are the lowest. 17-18 cents. Chinese eggs are 
quoted 18-22 cents. 

Says an editorial writer in the Poultry 
World (EnKUad)— "It i» a well known fact 
tkat chicks hatched when snow is on the 
cround invariable do well and are east y 
reared" To the present time this single 
••ntence is the greatest absurdity in ,K>ultry 

Here is the old-time housewife's method 
of testing the true age of eggs sold her as 
fresh Dissolve four ounces of common salt 
in a quart of water and you can find the age 
of e^h egg by placing it in this solut|on^ 
Mj, «gg one day old will sink to the bottom 
«nd remain there. At two days old »n egg 
will show some inclination to "»« /"'^^•^ 
Sroe day. will float in the liquid. After five 
4ays it will come to the surface and project 
above the water in proportion to age. Those 
rules are for eggs as ordinarily kept and 
exposed to the air. 

Reports of the recent Buffalo Poultry 
8how the first in that city for 12 years 
mention the Lamons as the big feature of the 
•how There were 600 birds of this variety 
judged by Harry M. Lamon originator of the 
breed This remind.s us of the days when the 
Pall River. Mass. Show was almost entirely 
, Bhode Island Red Show and one of the bi«t 
factors in popularising Reds. 

At the Storrs, Conn, laying contest 15 
pounds of calcium carbonate has been added 
lo the formula <>f New England Conference 
rations in use, which is for 600 pound batches 
at mash. The object as stated was to insure 
that each hen would get some mineral in the 
mash The editor of this magazine has been 
doing a little everyday experimenting with 
the feeding of minerals to hens which through 
a cross to another strain vary greatly »n 
ability to lay eggs with good shells. Hit 

observations show that to insure that each 
hen gets all the lime she requires there must 
be limestone grit or oyster shell accessible 
a all times. 

A Cliicago produce dealer who has been 
making a study of the egg trade says that 
the great volume of dirty eggs sent from the 
farms in the latter part of April is one of the 
most troublesome factors in the spring egg 
trade especially so in connection with the 
practices in "future trading" on the Chicago 
market. Incredible as it seems as to egg m 
the flush season, it is said that stocks of 
clean eggs are quite regularly so short that 
prices of them go higher than they should, 
unsettling the situation generally at the 
season when it should be most steady. 

The quantity of fowls in cold storage 
January 1 was approximately 70% of both 
the amount in storage a year ago and of the 
five year average for that date. Turkey hold- 
ings are twice as heavy as a year ago but 
only 10% above the five year average. Stocks 
of other kinds are in normal quantities. 

A study of 22 farm flocks of Rhode Island 
Reds made by the New Hampshire Experi- 
ment Station showed that at 50 weeks of age 
the hens were all laying eggs of maximum size 
attained by each; and that early hatched 
pullets mostly came to laying full sued eggs 

Many poultry keepers are deterred from 
having their flocks tested for bacillary white 
diarrhea by fear that the removal of reactors 
will cripple their operations and incomes The 
New Hampshire Station reports that 82% of 
the flocks tested last year were entirely free 
from infection. 

Shenandoah Manufacturing Company, Har- 
risonburg. Va., has recently supplied a spe- 
cially built Brooderette for the Research 
Laboratory of the National Dairy Products 
Corporation of Baltimore. Maryland. Equip- 
ment was supplied with decks of special 
height to permit carrying the chicks to the 
broiler age and with special watering equip- 
ment and humidifiers. This equipment hat 
been mounted on a special truck to make it 
portable and will be a particular advantage 
for laboratory use. Among other well known 
laboratories who have recently purchased 
tpecial Shenandoah Brooderette Equipment 
may be mentioned Merck and Company. Rah 
way. New Jersey, and Grain Belt Mills, St. 
Joseph, Missouri. 

The third annual Wayne County (Pennsyl- 
vania) Baby Ohick Show will be held at 
Honesdale, Pa.. April, 5-6 7-8. 1932. It has 
every earmark of being a bigger and better 
show than ever. 

A better show than the previous ones held 
it a hard goal to reach, but under the leader- 
ahip of Livingston Blauvelt, general manager, 
and with the help of the ofHcers of the Wayne 
County Poultry Association co operating with 
the Agricultural Extension Service most any 
thing can be accomplished in Wayne County. 
This show in 1931 was next to the largest 
one held in the United States. There were 75 
exhibitors showing 7200 chicks from 17 
different states. Two exhibits came by air- 
plane from Kantas. All breeds and varieties 
were exhibited. There were 24 commercial 
displays. Approximately 4000 people attended 
this show. 

This year the management hat left no 
stone unturned to increase the general 
efficiency of the show. The charge for exhibit- 
ing space has been reduced. Besides the 
general prises, many special prises are being 
offered including a generous number of silver 
trophys. Twenty-five chicks shall constitute 

an entry. 

A premium list and further information 
about the show can be secured from Living- 
ston Blauvelt, Honesdale, Pa. 

Beecher and the Hen 
Said a great Congregational preacher 
To a hen — "You're a beautiful creature.' 
And the hen upon that 
Laid two eggs in his hat 
And thut did the Henre-Ward Beecher. 

— Old Almanac 

Don't Gamble 
with Chicks 

if One throw of the cubes — you 
know the rest if luck is not in 
your favor — So it is with chicks 
when they have only "chance 
breeding" back of them. But 
chicks are the mainstay of your 
business. They either make or 
break you — And "chance chicks 
produced by "hit or miss" 
methods — are like a throw of 
the dice — they sometimes do, 
but more often they don't. Who 
wants to gamble the future of 
their business on such danger- 
ous ground? 

15 Years Breeding 

if lb years careful breeding to 
take the gamble out of chicks — 
15 years scientific mating and 
selection to build the present 
standards of quality for Eliza- 
bethtown Poultry Farm — stand- 
ards which leave nothing to 
chance or guesswork. Founda- 
tion stock from World's fore- 
most breeders. That is the back- 
ground of every chick we pro- 
duce. Evidence of their success 
is registered in the large num- 
ber of old customers who return 
each year to order ag^ain. 

Bloodtested for B. W.D. 

it Breeding flocks are maintained free 
from Ba.illary White Diarrhoea by 
periodic blood-tests. Hatching eggs are 
dipped in Iodine Suspensoid to further 
insure -.he health of chicks. Evei;y pre- 
cautionary measure and basic principle 
known to modern poultry culture is em- 
ployed at Eliiabethtown Poultry Farm 
as a part of its regular program. No 
wonder theB*» chicks succeed. How 
could they failt 

Five Varieties 

'^Elizabethtown Poultry Farm offers you 
a choice of five varieties which have 
been proved and improved by practical 
poultrymen who have kept abreast of 
the times: S. C WHITE LEOHOBN8. 
Barron big egg type — heavy producers. 
niatiirin!:, true-totype and egg-bred 
Idenl Hroiler chicks. WHITE PLY- 
MOUTH BOCKS — Heavy dual-purpose 
uuality. Consistent p rod ucers and fine 
table fowl WHITE WYANDOTTES — 
Hre«d to standard requirements. BHODE 
ISLAND BEDS — deep rich tone in 
feather coloring. Popular everywhere 
as egg and poultry meat producers. 

ir Send for our free catalog today and 
let us show you tlie difference between 
"chance chicks" and chicks bred to 
definite ideals. 


Elizabethtown Box 286 Pa. 


Ownwv of Smlley-Tanereil Trapnetted pedigree^ 
Brwl flocki are tuccMttul. money making 
paopl* who are cashing in on 27 year* of con- 
tinuout trapneit pwtigrea talection breeding 
vaiue*. Mott of them ar« located in the East 
tvhere finest quality egg type it neoetsary to 
Lthit real «ucc«*s. 

Unifonn Egg Tjrpe Controlled 

Our ouatomera get high production o( eggs that read- 
ily bring loi) market prices from big northern bred 
blrda of unusual beauty. These are not idle daims but 
tiM reaults of a most exacting system of selection 
buod on itnown trapnest pedigree records on one of 
Amertea't foremost breeding Farms, resulting In fixing 
these qualities so that our strain consistently repro- 
duoes these valuta In our customers bands. 

New Triple Guarantee 

Our special Grade chicks are sold under an ironclad 
triple guarantee to live 100% for 14 days (replace- 
ments free), to develop Into finer type flocha and to 
pay better than any others you can buy as explained 
In our catalog which Is free from "Bunk" and 
will be sent upon request. 20% disoount of 
ibntdiing aggs, chicks and pullets ordered this 
montii for any delivery wanted. Immediate 
delivery of chicks and eggs on oiders 
I>laoed promptly. 


, Bt £-5 Jackson, Mich. 

The Smilay-Tanend Strain 

i« a Triumph of all 

Leghoro Brpadlni. 



^Winnerf of 

^ftr•t Uyias 
eoBtaat ever 
held. Trap- 
netted for 
over quarter 
ee nturv — 
foondatioo ., 
a train of man^ „ 
day 't eontett winnert. 
Bay ehielta risfat f rotn 
tba toorca— get aamo 
la yf DC - paying blood, 
bncder hatebert aeek. 
Prices low. Write today. 


Lancaater, Pa 

_ Over 

for more e^^ 

White Minorca 

Lays sreat big pure white egge 80 
ouncee to the dozen as compared to pee 
wee 24 ounce Leghorn eggs. At the 
end of laying season jou have a 7 to 8 

Cnd hen to market. Strong, vigorous, 
dy White Minorca Chicks. Every- 
body is raiting them. Change over from 
Leghorns. Famous Booth Strain, hatched 
fnxu 2 and 3 year old breeders. Send 
for fall information. 


Route K176 Tyrone, Penne. 


White A Brown Leghorns, White Se Barred 
Rocks, Reds, White, Silver & Col. Wyandottes, 
Buff Orpingtons, Giants and Sussex. 

16.00 per handred and np 

Bend for free catalog. Established 1906. 


Rare, Fancy and Ornamental 
Varieties of Poultry 

Prize winning stock In all varieties of 
dudu and geese. Write for clrailar. 


The Wright Way to POULTRY 


Thlt book teilt you how. — . », 7 

jGoam about AU-Wrlght Ohio Accredited. Wood- 
t^ed chick* from pedigreed B.O.P. males. Big 
iSIr^ chlcka that won pries in the World'H Largest 
Chlolt Show, Priced right. Get more egpsiW less 
iogt. Baits broilers aulokly— prpfltablj, pj^££ 
B»'t Mlie It. Send for thU book NOW. » ax*-a- 

BtX 108 Porttmeuth, Ohio Peeblet. Ohio 


'The Death That Comes Unseen'' 


THE direct cause of practically all 
disease is invisible germs. Most 
disease-causing organisms are so 
small that literally millions could be 
placed on the head of a pin — many 
are so small that no microscope is 
powerful enough to make them vis- 
ible — so small that they readily pass 
through the densest of filtering ma- 
terials and apparatus. So small are 
some that their very existence is a 
matter of deductive reasoning and 
incapable of indisputable proof at 
present. It has been calculated by 
more competent mathematicians than 
the writer that many disease germs 
bear the same proportion to a marble 
that an orange bears to the size of the 

Disease organisms — those unseen 
causes of death — must be fought and 
killed if flocks are to be kept healthy, 
losses avoided and production and 
profit maintained. 

How can one fight that which they 
cannot see, that which they cannot 
even definitely prove to exist? The 
marvels of modern chemistry furnish 
our most practical and effective 
weapons. Light and heat, related 
physical phenomena, fire and sunshine 
are also powerful natural germ 

"Spring house cleaning" in your 
poultry plant should mean cleaning 
up not only of dirt but the unseen 
disease germs. Hence, cleaning is 
divided into two parts. First, the 
actual removal of the visible dirt, filth 
or foreign matter which is accom- 
plished by means of washing, scrap- 
ing, brushing or similar means. The 
purpose of such cleaning is, not be- 
cause the dirt is dangerous, but be- 
cause it may harbor or conceal germs 
and prevent the disinfectant from 
getting at them. The second and more 
important phase of cleaning is the 
destruction of the invisible disease 
germs by means of disinfection. 

One can clean without disinfecting. 
It is possible, but more difficult, to 
disinfect without cleaning. Cleaning 
and disinfecting are the ideal com- 
bination, since they remove the media 
in which germs exist and also kill the 
germs themselves. 

In the vast majority of cases of 
disease control, poultrymen are con- 
cerned only with disinfectants. The 
fight with germs is one in which no 
quarter may be granted. Kill the 
germs or they will kill your birds! 

Poultrymen have at their comniand 
two principal general types of disin- 
fectants — the coal tar group and the 
sodium hypochloride group. There is 
no universal or perfect disinfectant 
that is "best for all uses." Special 
kinds of disinfectants must be used 
for special purposes and, in some 
cases, even against specific germs. 

Coal tar disinfectants are related 
to the cresol or carbolic type of ger- 

micides. They consist of active "tar 
acids" of high general germ-killing 
efficiency combined in a liquid soap 
base in order to make them soluble 
in water. 

Coal tar disinfectants are the kind 
for the poultryman to use in disin- 
fecting roosts, dropping boards, floors, 
walls, nests, cages, batteries, manure 
piles, yards and all other places where 
a cheap, powerful and lasting disin- 
fection is desired. They deodorize by 
killing the organisms of putrefication 
through contact and they are not 
weakened by the presence of organic 
matter. Coal tar disinfectants are also 
the kind to be used in making dipping 
solutions to kill lice, flies, ticks and 
other body parasites. 

Just how disinfectants kill germs 
is .«;till a very warm topic of discussion 
among investigators, but it is believed 
that the coal tar acid group kill 
primarily by their actual caustic, 
poisoning effect. 

The sodium hypochloride disinfect- 
ants have developed from the famous 
"Dakin Solution" of the World War. 
Their essential active ingredient is 
sodium hypochloride, a rather un- 
stable chemical which, on contact 
with organic matter (remember, all 
germs are organic) breaks down, re- 
leasing chlorine and oxygen. T' ese 
disinfectants seem to have both an 
oxidizing and a sort of "dissolving" 
action on germs and dead or diseased 
flesh, but they are comparatively use- 
less as insecticides, podium hypo- 
chloride disinfectants are relatively 
tasteless and odorless, they are not 
poisonous and they will not burn or 
explode. However, they will begin to 
solidfy at about 25 degrees Fahren- 
heit, evaporate at about the same rate 
as water, are comparatively more 
costly than the coal tar disinfectants 
and must be kept away from the light 


Sketches, highlit magnified, of micro- 
scopic bodies uith which our disinfect- 
ants have to cope. Starting at the top 
and reading left to right, they are: 
Micrococcus, topical of pus group; 
streptoccus, erisypelas group; typhosus, 
typhoid group (B. W. D. looks like 
this); h. vulgaris, common bacillus of 
putrifacation; cholera type; a stagnant 
icater type;authrax type;fotcl cholera; 
tubercular type; sporozoite of coccidio- 
sis; malaria parasite. 

i> ♦ 

I ^ 


in glass stoppered, amber or black 
glass bottles. 

Sodium hypochloride disinfectants 
play a very important part in modem 
poultry keeping. For dipping hatching 
eggs, to destroy disease organisms on 
their surface, sterilizing drinking 
water, scrubbing the incubators, and 
anything else that may come in con- 
tact with eggs, this type of disinfect- 
ant is preferable to the coal tar group 
because of its tasteless, odorless, 
stainless properties. 

As cleansers both of these types of 
disinfectants are good. The liquid 
soap base of the coal tar type is ^ 
splendid solvent, particularly of 
grease, while the "dissolving power 
of the sodium hypochloride group is 
particularly effective against organic 
matter. In using the sodium hypo- 
chloride disinfectants for cleansers, 
however, it should be realized that 
they have a certain bleaching action 
at the same time and, therefore, 
should be applied with care to colored 
surfaces or materials. 

With a thorough understanding of 
the nature and uses of these two types 
of important disinfectants in the 
maintenance of poultry health, there 
now remains but one question— how 
to use them? The answer to that is 
fairly simple. First, clean away 
thoroughly filth, soil and any visible 
foreign substances that might con- 
tain or conceal germs. Cleaning, such 
as many poultrymen practice, is gen- 
erally very hasty and slipshod. You 
can never scrape a surface so clean 
that it will no longer contain germs. 
You can never scrub a thing until the 
germs have been removed! The only 
thing you can hope to do is to get nd 
of as much dirt as possible m order 
to permit the disinfectant to most 
surely and easily get at the germs 
which remain. Before using a disin- 
fecUnt, read carefully the directions 
in order to make the proper strength 
solution for the particular purpose 
for which you are using it. This is 
important. A solution that is too weak 
is useless and wastes money. A solu- 
tion that is too strong will cost you 
too much. Having determined and 
made the proper strength solution, the 
disinfectant may be applied either by 
spraying, painting or dipping but, in 
any event, the important thing is to 
make sure that you use plenty and 
that you thoroughly apply the disin- 
fectant to all surfaces that can pos- 
sibly contain germs. 

When you buy a disinfectant, 
apply to its purchase the same com- 
mon-sense, good business practice 
that you would apply to any other 
important purchase. The importance 
of your purchase is not to be meas- 
ured by the few dollars or cents 
involved, but by the work .that you 
will require of the disinfectant. 
Therefore, buy good, reliable disin- 
fectants made by a manufacturer of 
known standing with a reputation for 
honest, quality products that will do 
the work. 

A Live Wire Candidate 

0. R. Ernst, licensed poultry judge, 
and who has been identified with the 
Standard bred poultry interests for 
practically his entire lifetime is an 
announced candidate for president of 
the American Poultry Association.^ 

Perhaps no one man can number in 
friends and acquaintances as many 
poultry raisers as O. R. Ernst. Those 
who do not known Mr. Ernst as a 
judge of poultry know him through 
his association with the breed publi- 
cations that have taken him into prac- 
tically every poultry show room be- 
tween the two oceans. 

That 0. R. Ernst will be nominated 
and elected by the largest majority 
ever afforded a president of the 
American Poultry Association is the 
prediction of this publication. Such 
action would without doubt meet the 
majority approval of the entire poul- 
try fraternity. 

The clean cut announcement by Mr. 
Ernst mailed to members of the A. P. 
A. under date of January 29, 1932, 
should be read not only by every 
voting member of the association but 
should stimulate an interest on the 
part of poultry breeders, not present 
members, to become members in 
order that they can lend their own 
vote to place a man like 0. R. Ernst 
at the head of A. P. A. 

We feel that the following an- 
nouncement by Mr. Ernst should be 
published complete. 

Waverly, Iowa, 
January 29, 1932. 

To the Members of 

The American Poultry Association. 

Fellow Members: 

Each and everyone o( you, who are mem- 
bers of the American Poultry Association, 
have a duty to perform, and at this time it 
is imperative that you perform that duty to 
the best of your ability and with the good of 
the American Poultry Association and the 

poultry industry 
in mind. For some 
time I have been 
besieged by poul- 
trymen from all 
parts of the coun- 
try to allow my 
name to be pre- 
sented to you as 
a candidate for 
the presidency of 
the .\ m e r i c a n 
Poultry Associa- 

The fine letters 

that I have been 

receiving from 

the many who 

have the good of 

the association 

and industry at 

heart have finally brought me to »/*«■»»'"«— 

I ain a candidate for the office of president 

of the American Poultry Association. 

So with that declaration. I am asking each 
member of the American Poultry Association 
for his or her vote for this office. 

In a.oking for your support, I do so with 
this thought in mind: 

If you. as a member, are of the opinion 
that I can bring to the American Poultry 
Association a progressive administration and 
be able, in some measure, to help the organi- 
zation on the way to greater success, and to 
be of greater service to all poultry organiza- 
tions and the industry— then vote for me. 

Many members realize that the time has 
come when something must be done, that new 
ideas must be put into operation. 

Please turn to page 155 






from TrapHMted Brteden. UirOMt 
•xelusiv* p«dior«« ?•»"♦ '" '"" "»!; 
Every ego incubated l» produced on 
TredlnnocV Farms under •""'. P*"""' 
tupervUlon. Every chick •»;<«•;«« "" 
a full family tree. No c alms ♦<"■ Per- 
fermanee ar« mad^ which """»♦ ^J 
aubsUntiated by each bird's individual 

Great Flock Improvers 

Build up your flock with <*• ""•*; 
called quality Tredlnnock offers thU 
year. Wonderful value at moderata 
prices. Positively no guesswork Is our 
breeding program. From time chica it 
hatched until final disposition, wa 
have complete records to show you. 


Send for the completa story of Tredla- 
Rocl( Pedigreed White Leghorns. 

Cedar View • • • 


• • • CHICKS 


Hanson Strain. T^wiy >«-ars honest breed- 
ing TiSuea BUUlly cnlle;!. Trapnesled and 
■clonllfloaUy nuuert. I .l;;al h.HHliiK and 
ranje. Delaware Certifled Tested and k. 
•. P. iradM. 

R 0. P. records up to 289 alfls. Bennett 
and Canadian Strains. True lo UP*. '''»'' 
lay. aa.*» result* of twenty yea.Ti careful 

preme dual p-irpoe* 'owl^B™** f "^ ♦'V.^l^^ 
by ext)ert«. Delawaro Supervised Tested 

and R. 0. P. Kadea 




Fountains and Feeders 

Price List FREE. 

Alnminum Marker Works 

Dept. 11, Beaver rallt. P*. 



AH» COCKERELS 9-»»lio~»-82«»sr 
■fi?SfSrAtY» JOMMSTO W CO^ »aa X. P*la. "U 


•* - _ _ r., rn inn ^M\ 100c 

will Ship C. O. p. 25 

\\-hlta Plymouth Rocka ..»Z-" >a 
R I B .li A >>*»i- Wyan. 2.75 5 
Bared Plymmitli Rx-ks 

8 c. ^^^l & Br. ijee. . 

S 0. Black Lt^h'THis . . 

S C. J.IoUleU Anoonaa •■ - — 

IToaTy Mtxml •■•:•- t" 



50 100 500 1000 
25 $10.00 $47.50 $9; 
25 10.06 47.50 90 


38 50 




Port Tr«»»rt»a, Pa. 


are pretltal-le. IVdigreed big egg strain. ^ P tf « 
Vldob per 100. $23.50 per 300. BUhop »«raln Trap- 
nest^ "barred Bocks. l^^-«^l^^ir$uw 
Tompkins S. C. Beds and Buff Rocte. AU lirwi 
per leo. $31,50 t>er 300. 8 and 4 week cfalcka. Will 
•hip C. O. D. Circular free. 

ik cfalcka. will 





Good Stock Deserves Good Housing ^, 

Wp kno\\- Taylor's Leghorns will 

l\e mTney L you because they 

do it for us. Commercial eggs was 

and is our aim- To accomplish this 

we trapnest over a thousand 

pullets annually. No males used 

out of dams with records of less 

than 240. Year by year our floclc 

average has been raised. 


'^^-.^l^^^^ror^A r«.t^*'u 'mlces t..«er 
profits a certainty. 

Get Free Catalog 

kJ^o^ wt^you can expect l>eUer 

Tou win be plewed with mod- 
erate prices. Write 


Taylor Broi., Owners 
Bex M2B Newtown. Pa 

Portable or ready^cut 
houses are practical and 
economical and have the 
latest up'tO'date features. 


Slate Supervised • Blood Tested 
IbABY chicks IaS^^^iJ^SSSIs 

POTTER POULTRYFABIi__Mlfflint^;;:ij:!: 




S. C. R. I. Red Chicks 

■II 'from Our Own Tr»pne«te4 **'**^^.„ «, 
^r, '^t^l a'^U^Tt ^' V^^oi yellow, and pay 

i:SSS%eW;rT\i^' f>'"^;7^ 

"T*. K JLh wmnM Turkey* Tou'ouse Ooen*. Wild 

* Write for price, and P»rtleu'»'« . „„, 

WM. T. ELDRIDGE. Prop.. Box 16, H»fvaf J. watt. 

Uiaa V»IUt Poultry Fam k Halclitry PRICES 

■■" ' ' U.t.klaa Fast ChlCkl 

Hatehlng E»gt Chickt 



Barred Rocta ^'- 

White or liuff Leghorns .. 2J4c 

rrosaed KrewU 2^*° 

Mam. Toulouse <Jee»e 3nc 

.Mam. HnmMi Turkeys sue 

Mam. Pekln I)uc*» »o 

White Muscovy Uucks oc 

Iivllan Kminer Ducks 

I'earl or White Guineas ... 8C -- 

AIM "00 bus».el8 extra nice seed field com 
(a 4 ci-nt» 1^1 Sample tree 
L B. RITTENH0U8E. R. 2. Telfoetl. Pa. 


All Price* Reduced 25% 

Production bred, vicorous test^ 
chickTfrom ourownhiKh gunh y 
Write for literature and spe.ial prices. 
g^j E Davi8\nlle, B. I. 

GOOD stock not only deserves good 
housing but demands it. In fact, 
good stock will soon become inferior 
if kept in poorly lighted, unsanitary 

Fortunately, good housing need not 
be expensive. Mature layers can be 
properly housed at a cost of less than 
$2 per bird. Brooder houses capable 
of accommodating 300 chicks each 
can be had in portable form for as 
little as $75.00. Summer shelters can 
be had for around $40.00 each. 

The typical poultry plant of today 
requires three principal types of 
houses: Brooder houses, range houses 
or shelters, and laying houses. On 
farms which carry special breeding 
stock, there will be need for some 
small colony laying houses. 

Battery brooding is becoming an 
increasing factor, demanding its own 
type of house. 

The Colony Brooder Houae 

Early spring broods and even win- 
ter broods of chicks are now common. 
So first of all, the brooder house must 
be warm. A good Insulating sheet 
should be laid under the siding. A 
double floor is also helpful in main- 
taining an even temperature. 


Clean ground is of the utmost im- 
portance when the chicks are per- 
mitted outside. For this reason, the 
house should be mounted on skids. It 
can then be moved to fresh ground 
vnth team or tractor. 

The brooder house must be large 
enough to accommodate a large size 
colony brooder with from 300 to 400 
chicks. The favorite size is 10 ft. x 

12 ft. , . ^ 

Many brooder houses are now being 
equipped with sun porches, covered 
with glass substitute and floored with 
wire mesh. In such a sun porch, the 
chicks can enjoy the sunlight which 
has retained most of the ultra-violet 
rays. The danger of coccidiosis and 
other contagious diseases is greatly 
reduced by the wire floor. 

Summer Sheltera for PulleU 
When the chicks no longer need 
heat, the pullets should be moved 
from the colony brooder to their 
summer range. The cockerels may 
either be finished off for broilers in 
the colony brooder or they may be 
returned to batteries for fattening. 

Summer shelters are now largely 
used for the pullets on range. These 
have good tight roofs but are encased 
-.ith poultry netting instead of sidmg. 
Wire floors may be used to keep the 
pullets away from the droppings. 

V shelter of this type should be 
mounted on skids or equipped with 
carrying handles at the corners. From 
time to time, the shelter should be 
moved to a new location. The drop- 
pings should be thoroughly cleaned 
up and the ground disinfected with 
chloride of lime. 

The shelters will sometimes seem 
pretty chilly for the early pullets. To 


SPECIAL $8—100: Br. &. Wh. Lea- 
horns 'ear* Wh. 4 Buff Box: Anwn- 
as; Buff. Black Minorca* : R. I. Rfd». 
Golden, Silver. Wh. Wyand.. A»s t 
Mixed $7—100. Jersey Black Giantt, 
-■IB ■ r Lioht Brahmas: Buff Orpin?ton$, $15 
^oT l"i»e deV 9uar. I to 8 wk. old chitkt. Free 

BECk'-S hatchery. Dept E MT. AIRY. HO. 


5Ki;Ciiit^lSjf£V«?lHs^^^^^^ tc»t./afiou. ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^ ^^ ^ j,,.^.^.^,,.^ ^,^fc. 

A Favorable Time to Build 

Lumber is cheaper than it has be «n 
in many years, and cheaper than it is 
likely to be during the next 10 years. 

Manufacturers are in a position to 
trive special attention to your in- 
dividual requirements. You can count 
on prompt shipments. 

A Live Wire Candidate 

Clontinued from page 153 
If I am the recipient of your support and 
elected to this office, my every effort would 
be put forth to help this association prosper 
and be brought to a position where it could 
and would do a greater service for all poul 
try interests. 

I believe that the successful president or 
the success of any president depends upon 
the success he would have in surrounding 
himself with workers. 

My efforts would be put forth to surround 
myself with the best advisors that I could 
command, so that more progressive and busi- 
ness ideas conld be brought into this asso- 
ciation to help its progress. 

Another idea that would have my attention 
is a more active organitation in each state 
and dominion. 

The appointment of various committees has 
always been in my mind. Right or wrong, 
it appears to me that much more efficient com- 
mittee work would be accomplished if com- 
mittees were scattered to the various sections 
of the country instead of committee members. 
In other words, all members of a committee 
should be in close proximity to each other. 
In this way, more work would be accom- 
pliahed. The various sections of the country 
should be taken into consideration in com- 
mittee placements. 

The location or place in which your presi- 
dent may live matters not. The thing that 
matters most is his interest in and fairness 
to all sections. Your president should give 
eqnal thought and equal repreaentation to all 

There is much to be done if the American 
Poultry Association is to mainUin its atand- 
ing of past years 

At the last convention it was openly stated 
on the convention floor that another bond 
would have to be sold to take care of con- 
vention expenses, and It was also sUted that 
there were not many more bonds left. These 
bonds are the result of money laid aside as a 
fund from years gone by. 

The time is here when all members should 
rally in an effort to bring the American Poul- 
try Association to a position where those 
bonds do not need to be sold. 

I firmly believe that there are a great 
many members of the American Poultry Asso- 
ciation willing to turn a hand toward the 
rebuilding of the associaton. It seems that 
•very member would he willing to make 
seme effort, and. with a little effort from 
all, a great work can be done. 

During the past 18 years my work In the 
interests of the poultry industry has brought 
me in contact with most of the membership. 
That makes me feel that members everywhere 
know me quite well. 

This letter may not reach all members 
until after some hava mailed Ir their nomi- 
nation ballot. Be that as it uiay, the all 
important one is the election ballot— the one 
you must not fail to vote. 

If my candidacy appeals to you, if you 
believe that I can be of service to the Amer- 
ican Poultry Association as its president- 
then I ask that you mark your ballot for me. 
I assure you I am not asking a salary for 
this oflice. I would be perfectly happy aiid 
feel well paid if I could, through the help 
of the membership, make the American Poul- 
try Asso.iation a more progreasive. more 
useful (irganization. 

Remember, the uncast vote does not elect 

officers. When you receive your ballot, mark 

it for me and mail at once. Your vote is not 

just a privilege — it is a duty. 



A Real Hatcher on All Egg* 
Mrs. Louise Peole, Oarleton, Mich., "Spleu- 
did hatches on duck, turkey, goose and, oi 
course, on hen eggs." ,» a „.-„ -p- 

Mr Pusey Oloud, Kennett Square, Pa^ 
' ' My No. 7 gave me bigger hatches and Dott«T 
Poults than hatcheries." ..^ 

Major Davidson of Boiling Field. HJ 
Buffalo gave splendid hatches on quail and 

'^Ihidg^e Kummer, "The Dr. May hatched aU 
his splendid prise winning Bantams in 
Buffalo Elactrics." „ 

Old Amherst College bought four unita NO. 
7 last summer and three more in the rau. 

YOU get the best, too,— it costs no nor*. 
Writ* today (or catalog 


10 Bradley St. Buffalo, H. t. 



"T~!?:-iirS:H. sSSHSSa;; he* buffau. atctRic 

can be backed over the wire netting ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ .^ 

In th« way, ^^« «^,^ ^/" .^^^Til doubt as to whether any particular 
verted into snug little buildings untu ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ 

warmer weather f rn^e^; . . your conditions, send it to your State 

J^Z^r^Z. tey Sd bl Lperin ^ent Station for an opi nion, 
transferred to the laying houses. 

The Long Laying Houae 

The long laying house, partitioned 

for flocks of moderate size has won 

almost universal favor. 

The permanent foundation is most 

desirable for the laying house. A 

concrete foundation, either of blocks 

of monolithic, wUl be satisfactory. A 

well-laid concrete floor is a necessity 

unless the building is set on posts or 

piers. In the latter case, a good wood 

floor should be used. 

In figuring the capacity of a laying 

house, allow 3 square feet of floor 

space for every Leghorn and 4 square 
feet for the heavier breeds. These 
figures are for the long laying house. 
For a small colony house, allow 3% 
square feet for every Leghorn and 
4 % square feet for every "heavy . 

Experiments conducted a few years 
ago demonstrated conclusively that 
egg production could be increased m 
a cold climate by insulating the lay- 
ing house. There are a number of in- 
sulating materials available. 

Building ▼•• Buying 

Plans for poultry houses can be 
secured from almost any State hx- 
periment Station. It is noticeable, 
ihough. that many of the most suc- 
cessful poultrymen no longer build 
their own houses. They prefer to buy 
ready-cut houses in knock-down form. 
They have found these ready-cut 
houses as satisfactory as any they 
could build themselves. 

The manufacturers of ready-cut 

houses have studied the principles of 

poultry house design. From year to 

year, these plans are improved in the 

light of experience. 

The manufacturer buys lumber and 

other materials in h^f«„^"^"^''\*'' 
often by the train load. He gets ttie 
lowest wholesale prices. He f*" ar- 
range to have all his lumber scientific- 
ally kiln-dried. , , 

This matter of kiln-drying is of the 
greatest importance It prevent 
Shrinking which would c^.««« f^^^" 
It also prevents the loosening of nails 
in the roof boards, a common cause of 

leakv roofs. . .,, 

Material is worked up in the miU 
with the least waste, using l^bor ^v- 
ing machinery driven by electricity. 

^ Paint the Windows!! 

the windows of your brooder »»»«•••• J2IS 
chicks cannot distinguish blood. PT"^**** 
picking. Stops outbreaks |nstantly. Goes mm 
like paint . . . sticks to glass. Cello-glass or 
glass cloth. ,__._ 


One pint covers about 60 sq. ft. of glaij- 
Send 11 60, check or money «'?«':.''• ""^' 
full Pint Can, postpaid. Or we II ship C. O. i' 
Quantity prices on request. 


176 Plainfleld Are., Mtnehan. 9. i. 


New, EeTlaed, aod Enlarged Edition 


A boek by L. M. Hurtf that It aiah- 
Isf siosey for 9.000 poultry rahsrs. 

Full of the latest practical helps, with in- 
formation not found in any other book. 
All that its name implies. Covers every 
phase of keeping hens for profit — from 
hatching and brooding to diseases and 

Improvad In Information! Inereassd 
In tiz«! Worth more! C«ttt $100 less I 

Now 2.50, Postpaid 

Hanover Penn*. 



TUKKKYS Main pro»e their Mip«r- 
lorltr by wlniilnx (Into and otbar blgb 
awards In tha largest classes of tur- 
keya ever gtiowu In the east at tint 
Pa. State Show, at Harrlsburg, Jan. 
18-22 (largest of Its kind In U. 8.) 
The finest exliiWtion and breeding 
■took for sale at prices you can alTord 
to pay. Booking order* for eflga Mi 
peolts. Any number. From the bart 
eihlliltlon and selected matlnfs. Pro- 
per slae. wonderful type, xhape, plum- 
ace, the bf«t blood obtainable. 

Write us your wants or visit oui 
farm. Money-back guarantee. We oBtt 
you greatest profit per dollar InveAed. 
The Esbensbade Tarkey Farm 
Bm 150, Ranks. L*o««*tar 0*.. P«. 


unihir even stronger corapetltlon 
than In 1930 win five flrsU, five 
seconds, live thirds, nve fourths and 
Grand Cniampion at Clilcaso t.oll- 
seura SlM>w l«:il- Wc sliip anywhere 
to any climate. 9S"r, llv.ability 
provei the vitality of our strain. The 
iMist in stock, eggs, poults. Spring 

''•''"'" 'S! M. REII-AM^ ^„, 
Box 37 Planada. Calif. 


Giant Bronze and Bourbon Bed- 
Extra Size— Excellent vigor— good 
layers— write for catalogne and at- 
tmctive pricea on Steelman s Hi- 
Quality Poults. Free instructlonB on 
Turkey Raising. 


Box No. 425 Lansdale^. 

KEYS. WlMwrt In America's best tariiey 
thowt. We »n now booking or.lers for cfRS and 
poults at impular prices from our prlie win- 
ning .tock Oi-t will give both size, «n^KO^ 
eeouH piu-«*ire. All pons healed by exhibition 
■ley, Colorado. 

BIRD BROS \ioin again! 

Clean sweep of prUei again at >*»dl8on 

Sauare Garden. 1931. Visitors proclaimed 

this wonderful eatry of turkeys the ere«»"i 

feature of entire eathlblt. ^ou can clOaln 

Utis lioh blood only Oirough purchase 

of foundation stock or hatching egga 

Write now for catslrg giving prlees 

and fuU descjipiioii of (.lant 

Bronze Turkeys. Highest winners 

at Garden for more than score 

of years. 

'BI&D BROS. Box J, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Northern Bred. Early Matur- 
ing, Prlw Wlruilng Stiaiu. 
Bny Day Old Poolta 

Hafe TMIvery and Health 
(luaranloed. Leaflet and Prices 
on request. 

Calcium. N. Y. 



Turkey Department 



have won Uest Uisplay 12 time, ")« J"*' i^ »*if* 
tn Americas t*.l l^r^ey "-.^^^ L"f '{fi?.^ ?^0 
national Chicago 1929 and AJl-World Uallas 19J«. 
oir ^stoiile™ have won d.arup.on In l»>e ••'«ff 
ihowr 1932 IHustraled catalog now ready, de- 
IIISv,r^„» th« irrea»esl line of I)rve.ler8 we have 
!^"^5dBei of birds for either exhibiUon or 
^ity Booking orders for eggs. Sliipped eK«s to 
•» .t».pkafid 15 foreign shipment* last sea wn. 
Mr a«r Mr^ 0. J. »«Slt.ii. Box 555E, Pomona. 

A Vision 

The doors had hardly closed on im- 
portant poultry shows, until advance 
literature was in the mails, outlining 
classes the show managers felt should 
be filled at the next annual event. It 
requires study and breeding to pro- 
duce prize winners, and every year 
quality stock is pushed a notch higher. 

The same thing is happening in the 
turkey part of the show room. Last 
week in a letter from a turkey grower 
who attended the International at 
Chicago Coliseum for the first time 
last December, a similar spirit is 
shown. His goal is to be a winner and 
he begins right at the bottom. This 
expression outlines his vision: "It re- 
quires a knowledge of the proper 
blood lines to get anywhere," speak- 
ing of why the best birds win, "and 
I'm planning to raise less turkeys and 
of a better quality." Certainly a vic- 
tory assurance, sooner or later. Begin 
now for the next turkey show season. 

The ''3SW 

We have written in this department 
of the "3 C's", but farther down in 
the alphabet there seems to be an- 
other secret of success which applies 
to turkeys, in the "3 S's". 

Sweep, Scrape and Scrub! Quite a 
busy looking trio, but one that will be 
put into active practice this month in 
the Eastern brooder houses. Not many 
turkeys are hatched before April, and 
March is the natural clean up time for 
brooder equipment. 

Sweep, scrape and scrub is the ap- 
plication for floors, walls and ceilings. 
The handiest tool is a broom with hot 
water in which a sensible quantity of 
lye has been dissolved. Then as the 
youngsters say, "a little elbow 
grease" will be necessary to complete 
the job. 

Why Turkeys Pay 


Nothing on the farm pays so well In 
SiiB times as Turkeys, with feed ooeta 
away down, ilogs only bring about 4c 
a lb . and Ifs seldom turkeys ge be- 
low ir>o Now Is the Ume to raise 
mrkav-s Bay-'-era helps oonUol disease 
Snd makes Uirkey raising a sucoesa. 
TrUl slM, »1 00; O"*'* ti.M: % Oal. 
{•> 00- UaJ $9.00. A (Jal. Is a season s 
surely f'>r 100 Poults. t>Tder now. 

^;^i!',':''RD.M0RRT8 CO. 9I» Ric. St. St. Paul. Mian 

nnAarrC TITDYCVC M"»t »•" *'• hundred beautiful 
dRONZL luKLtlo bronze turkey toms, few hens 
tnrkev eos and baby turkeys. Our turkey book howr to 
«i^ thS^'^c Coin or Stamps. Need n(K lose a single 
Si!u. F^ CaUJ« r>on-t let your Chickens and Turkeys 
' Su! kiiSf off bla* head. Our worm extract will ssve 



Zero, snowy, blizzardy evenings 
have not contributed to the accus- 
tomed contentment of dravdng up 
before the log fire and thoughtfully 
leaf through new catalogs. At any 
rate, the opportunity has not been 
neglected to search over the pages 
with the turkey flock in mind. 

One impression lingers after a sum- 
mer visiting turkey growers, and that 
is, the equipment. It is easily under- 
stood how they have been driven to 
build these pieces, to a large extent, 
in order that they may have con- 

tainers of sufficient weight and size 
to adequately care for, and at the 
same time withstand the hard usage 
from the turkey flock. 

There is no lack for chicken out- 
fitting. Their supplies are done to a 
nicety. The comers are all turned 
under, the height is regulated by 
movable contrivances which provide 
for the growing flock, and durable 
material used in the construction. It 
would be very easy to select a com- 
plete chicken outfit, with a check book 
as the only outside requisite. 

The turkey situation is entirely 
different. Shallow narrow, wall trays 
solve the feeder problem and also the 
reel type of feeders, do away with 
fatalities caused by baby turkeys 
catching their heads in the accus- 
tomed hoppers. Turkeys develop more 
quickly than chicks, and their over 
sensitive heads need protection from 
narrow water pans with the jar con- 
tainers and the mash hoppers with 
round openings through which they 
pick the mash. 

Turkeys brooded in batteries are in 
luck. They can not step into the mash 
or water hoppers and the upright 
wires through which they feed do not 
touch the tops of their heads. Not all 
turkeys are this fortunate. 

Finishing the season with what 
might be called make-shift equipment, 
the turkey grower reaches the limited 
or free range with his flock facing the 
same problems. Here, a sheltered 
mash hopper and water container are 
the principle pieces of equipment. 
Those made from wood, show weather 
marks by curling at the edges or 
loosening at the joints and always 
have a ramshackle appearance. The 
sanitary condition is in question, too. 
Favorite water systems are open 
buckets and the barrel drip, both of 
which require daily moving for a 
clean spot. Where running water is 
not possible, a heavy container 
placed on a wire covered base is the 
most sensible method. 

When equipment manufacturers 
are approached on the idea of devot- 
ing a special page or two to turkey 
furniture, in their annual catalogs, 
they invariably ask "Do you think it 
would pay?" 

Keep right on inquiring at your 
dealers for strong, well built equip- 
ment for turkeys, and perhaps, not 
too far in the future, the needs of the 
turkey grower will be catered to, in 
the same way the chicken flock has 
been favored. 



Coccidosis and Cannibalism 

Continued from page 147 

We made frames of 1 x 6's set on 
edge, covered them with % in. hard- 
ware cloth, and set the mash hoppers 
and water fountains on these. We use 
narrow metal feeders with a wire on 
top so the chicks cannot get their feet 
in them. What little feed is picked out 
falls under the wire floor where the 
chicks cannot walk in it and then eat 
it. By banking the litter against the 
frames, the chicks get up on them 
easily. Under this plan we have no 
trouble from chicks eating litter. The 
feed is placed in front of the chicks 
right away using plenty of feeders. 

Every third day we wash the water 
fountains and dip them in a crock of 
iodine solution to kill the coccidia. We 
scrub the wire on the frames at the 
same time and iodize them also. We 
also feed Iodine Suspensoid in a 
crumbly mash every third day. 

The chicks are 30 days old today, 
and we removed the cockerels. We kill 
all culls and our mortality to date 
from all causes is 82 chicks or just 
under 2 % . 

Sold 160 average cockerels to a 
laboriatory today and they averaged 
11.5 oz. Not bad for 30 days old. 

Not a sign of coccidiosis yet. It's 
the first time for six years that it has 
not appeared by this time. We got our 
chicks from the same hatchery, 
brooded thenv in the same brooder 
house and used the same commercial 
feed we used other years. The chicks 
are all nicely feathered and as good a 
lot as one could wish. 

We have had no cannibalism at all. 
We experimented with a red dye on 
the brooder house windows and finally 
discovered one that admits the light 
and creates a red glow in the rooms. 
Under such conditions red is invisible. 
We tried this out by smearing red on 
some of the chicks. You can see their 
yellow legs and beaks, but the red 
cannot be distinguished. This is far 
better than smearing the chicks with 
tar or red salve which spoils the ap- 
pearance of the broilers. 

Here are a few things I don't do: 
Mix my own feed. Time spent in 
keeping equipment clean pays better 

Hatch my own chicks. My hatchery- 
man knows more about it than I do. 
Take visitors into my brooder 
house or go in myself without putting 
on clean rubbers. 

Let people talk me out of what I 
have planned to do. You would be sur- 
prised at the number of people who 
were sure this system would not work, 
none of them having tried it. 

I hope that this experience may be 
of assistance to others as it certainly 
has helped us. 

Your Poultry Partner 

Continued from page 131 
condition. They weigh about seven- 
eight pounds each. 

She asks if the 

stoppage of egg production could be ▼ a. * C 4.* 

due to over-fat, and how to get them i WcLIlt iniOritia.tlOn — 

back to laying conditions. Barred ,^ ^^ following firms whose advertisement I have 

Plvmouth Rocks excent those bred sew in this or recent issues of SrVERYBODYa 1 
JTiymoutn ivocks, except, vnos>e ureu understand that you will send on this coupon to the 

for egg production, usually tend firms I have named and obtain the information I want 
..,,, ., I'i. in tiie shortest possible time. 

strflngly to put on fat, and if any- m,m.mmm 

thing checks the laying pullets they •^■^'•■•^■*^-»'*'»"*'*'*'»'»'^'*'*'^ 

often begin at once to accumulate p.^^, „, Advertiser: 

fat, and if allowed to continue to do send information advertised In Everybody* Poultry Mag. 

SO get so fat that it interferes with 

further laying, and some time and m* ^ame 

treatment is required to get the birds 

in laying trim again. The best way street or a. f. d 

to do this is to feed wheat in deep 

,.,. . .1 .. • • i.1. Town and State 

litter, at the same time giving the m.m,mm» 

hens plenty of gn^een feed; continuing ■»■*■*'*•*•* ■^'^ 

this until the surplus fat is worked ,;,„, ^t Advertiser: 

off, but not longer; then let them have send information adverUsed in Everybodya PouHry Mag. 

a meal of mash once a day and a meal 

of gn'ain other than wheat in a trough My Name 

once a day. These should be meals the 

birds will eat quickly. At all times street or a. f. d 

but the few minutes for these meals 

they should get feed only by working Town and stata 

for it until they are laying again. .*m-»miikm.mmmm-«,mmmmmmm.m.mmmmmmm 

After that the trough feeds can be 

increased and the litter feeds di- Name of Advertiser: 

• • y^ J Bend information advertised in Everybodya Poultry Mag. 

My Name 

A Trip Up The Hudson 

_ , .. . . * .v street or K. F. D 

Just as it requires a love of the 
beautiful to be a real poultry fancier, ^^^ ^^ g^^^ 
the same inherent instinct must be in 
a man for successful accomplishments ■*-*^'*'*^-*^^'^'»'*^'»*'*"*^"*'*'*"*''^'*^ 

along the* lines of pedigree breeding Name of Advertiser; 

for heavy egg production. If you don't send information adverUsed In Everybody* Poultry Ma* 

believe it, make a visit to your nearest 

poultry farm where pedigree breeding ^' n»°»« 

is faithfully practiced. 

It was our pleasure during the past ^""* " *■ ^' ^ 

week to visit the beautiful breeding 

,., »•». T-rrj i. Town ana State 

establishment of Irving J. Kauder at .^^.^^.^.^^.^^.^m.».«»m.mmmm.-*m^mm. 

New Paltz, N. Y. It requires a visit to 

really appreciate the aims and ideals ^'•™" °' Adveruser; • -^ •;•;••••••••• •••* 

icaiijr ap^ic^..a..^ - ^ , . ,, Send Information advertUed In Everybodya Poultry Ma*. 

of this breeder and see first hand the 

accomplishments that are the direct ^^ ^^^ 

result of breeding knowledge. 

Truly one of the most beautiful, as ^J^^ „ h. f. d 

well as common sense, practical 

breeding farms we have ever visited. Town and state 

One of those breeding farms that hold .^.^^.^^.^^.».«.^.^.*.«,.^.^.»^mm.m*mmmmm 

a fascination for its beauty of layout 

and surroundings even though the n»™ <^ Advertiser: ••••:••"•••"•••••••••••••••• 

." i. 1. J J. *i ^^Ai^^ Bend information advertiaed In Everybodya Poultry Ma*. 

visitor were not a student of breeding 

values. To the visitor, however, who g^^ ^ ^ p j, 

enjoys the thrill of tracing blood lines 

by ancestry through the official ,^^ ^^ g^^, 

Record of Performance, charts and 

daily record sheets, which are natural- jjamo of Advertiser: 

ly a source of pride to the owner Mr. ^.^.^^^^^m.m*m.mmmmm^mm.mmmmmmm 
Kauder, a visit to this farm is a 

double treat and one which we hope ^'J^^^Z.^uu^m-^ry^'.v.a^uju^. 
to repeat. 

To spend a couple of hours on care- ^ ^^^ 

ful perusal of hundreds of records of 

individual hens and then check them 84,,^ or a. f. d 

to the individuals, their dams and 

sires and dams' sires and sires' dams Town and state 

for several generations, is a thrill to ^.^.^.^^.^.^.^.».^.^mm,.*m«.m».m-»mmmmmm 
any lover of scientific breeding, 

P«;T»*»ciallv when it's all there for you Name of Advertiser: 

especially Wnen l^^ »" ^^^ y send information advertised in Everybody! Poultry Mag. 

to see for yourself — see and under- 
stand what knowledge of scientific ^^ ^^^ 

breeding can produce when back of 

every operation a definite ideal is the g^^^^ ^^ j^^ j, ^ 

goal. A visit to such a breeding plant 

is indeed, an inspiration. Town and stat* 



Classified Advertisements 

Cash With Order Rates: 

15c a word for one 
25c a word for two 
36c a word for three 
46c a word for four 
65o a word for five 





$1.00 an agate line per 

Write ad copy in this blank, plainly. Count each initial and 
figure as a word, and remit in full for the time ad is to run. No 
inse^Mon will be made unless cash is received with order. Copy 
must reach us by the 18th of month preceding' date of issue. In 
changing or renewing your ad, state under what heading it is 
inserted. Chancre of copy allowed every three months. 
Closing Date: 18th of month prece<Ung date of 

Terms: Cash With Order Only 

Write Your Advertisement Here 

Please Rll In 

No. words 

Times to run 


Clasaiflcd Ad Dept. 

Amount enclosod $ 

What beading? 


ToaU-d Production bred matings. Be»utifully 
mottled. StocK. chicks, eggs. Catalog fre». 
Nichol'a Poultry Farm, Box K. Monmouth. 
... aObam 

marked, healthy, larpe. Lay big eg^s. Pay 
real money. Stock, Chicks. Kggs Caulog fre*. 
Nichora Poultry Farm. Box Y. Monmouth. 
Illinois. Hnbam 

AMERICAN ANCONAS, breeders tested. 
«xtra larg«, exceptional matings. Free catalog, 
low pricea. American Ancona Farms, Oram- 
pian. Pa. ''"""' 

LEWALLEN'S "Leading" exhibition egg 
■train 8. C. Anconas are profit makers. In- 
structive booklet free. Worth M. Lewallen. 
High Point. N- O. li 

POST'S "Super" Anconas both t'labii. 
Originator of the big tyi)e large egg strain 
Officially provan supreme 1918 to date. f7.6& 
net profit per pen. Come direct to Ancona 
headquarters. Get our new low prices on eggs, 
chicks, stock. Catalog free. PosU Anconas, 

OnUrioTJlle. 111. iA^*" 

' ANCONA BABY CHICKS. Exhibition and 
egg strain combined. Bloodtested. B. K 
Rirketts. Box K. Zan>"-ville. Ohio. 80 

Winners at 1932 state and local shows. Chicks 
and Eggs. Welch's Hatchery. Box L. Linct-'J}; 
Ill inoiH. 5^ 

Arthur Mataat. Goldcn^JOL. »" 


WHITE AUSTRALORPS. Circulars. Wood- 
gide Farms, Im porter*^ Neen aht._W' sconsiCLjiO 



■ BLUE ANDALUSIAN Chicks. Kee*. Stock 
Beautifully marked. Iowa accredited. Guar- 
?n^ to live. Murray McMurray Hatchery^ 

Box 48, Webster Cit y. Iowa. »\hvD 

~ ROSE COMB Blu« AnHalusian Chicks 12c. 
Egga^ 15. f 1.25. Ilwilde Poultry Farm. Crewe. 


JOIN THE CLUB — Membership. X>ou\XTy 
jouiSal^ yeiTr book.. "Club News" for $2.00^ 

i^PTdsle v. Sec.. Orien t. Jowa. 82 

Rggf chicks, pullets at reasonabe prices. 
g^fg;^f^^^^^^^;AoTj7^olland. tfbam 
^CARVER'S FAMOUSjLa^g Australorps^ 
first winners Madison Square Garden. New 
J"k To cents. Illustrated. By A. A. Carv.r 

Burling ton. Wisco nsin. ^ 

"■ BLACK AUSTRALORPS. Eggs, Chicks, 
Oockercia. W. W. Patterson. Mahoningtowjr 

-*AtTSTkALORP Hatching KKes^-.i '""ni'an 
17 per 100. Henry Hilberg. East Moline, 111.80 

- 0AOV C- ' ^5 

,^J%menca-* nwst Pnifital.le p^,nt>rf.l ChlcKens. 
^^ i»t. tree. 2>s awr's P«inry_F*rin. Auttln^JllnP. 

best. 18 profitable breeds. Backed by years 
of breeding and best blood lines. Tested. 
Large catalor free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 
Box K. Mnninonth. Itl. oOo*™ 

from great, big. heavyweight Plymouth Rock. 
Red and ten i>ound Jersey Black and White 
Giant— Light Brahma breeders. Wyandottes, 
Orpingtons. Extra quality, plump, fat, market 
chicks. Guaranteed to-live, vigorous, healthy. 
Make vou the moat profit. Quick delivery. 
Generoii-s di*»-ount. Valuable broiler raising 
suggestions. Mention variety you like best. 
Far m Serv ice. Rt^._Tyrone^Pcnna^_80bam 


Ofti. laliv MloodUsted Chicks. White Leghorns. 
Barred Rocks. Trapnest i>edi greed. Large type, 
heavy lavers. Booklet free. Hayes Poultry 

Farm. T hiirmont. Md. ^ 

17 VARIETIES of Baby Chicks. With con 
sistent bloodtesting and rigid culling we 
guarantee fou the most your dollar will buy. 
Many rej.ort our heavy breeds laying under 
five months old, light breeds under four, one 
pound broilers at four weeks. W rite for caU- 
logue it is beautifully illustrated and givea 
full details. Atz's Blue Mound Hatcheriea, 

Milltown. Ind. ^ UBE 

"SNAPS for Bargain Seekers" in 17 T»a- 
rieties of Baby Chicks. Why not write iortrtf, 
circ ular. Atz's Hatchery. Milltow n. Ind^tfbm 
— ROCK.S. RKDS, LhKJHORNS, Chicka. Eggs 

E. E. Mundew. (ilonster. Ohio. 80 

CHAMPION CHICKS shipped CO. D. at 
new low prices. Ten proven strains. Send 
for new color plate catalog. Shows Champion 
fowls in natural colors. Full of help on 
raising and growing chicks. We sM^ice each 
shipment of chicks to m;V""'y- Y,T'^a,r!I; 
ter's Chickery, Box 21. Eldorado, III. 81bam 

NUALLY. 40 breed*, brcl 

^.^i^^.^ by spedallsta. Greatest 

niO egg laylnc (trains. Pe<1lKTt» t'™*'- Tested disease 
fre« ^.arinte«l to Uve 14 daya Post patd. Un 
arrival (niaranteed, A hafrti even- "cck f" V?" -V^J- 

iy-,0« FOB HATCmN-rT a"? M.XTt'RK imKVn>FntH^ 
if yo.1 want the BEST In y«ur onmmunlty. tr> 

;;'S0B POUI.Tr'y"VaR«I». box 41 Gaaiblsr. OkU 


SnW CHICK BOOK FREE. A perfect gold- 
mine of useful infenaaation. A splendid book 
that tells how to raL^e strong, healthy chicka. 
Thoroughly discusses methods, brooding, feed- 
ing ingredients, vitamins, minerals, drinking 
water, etc. Also givtjs full details how to 
guard against disease and insure profits. A 
complete book no poultryman can afford to 
be without. Advis* how many chicks you. 
intend to raise and we will send book free. 
Address Box 1423^ Dept. K. Philadelphia, 
Pa^ 80bam 

60.1X)0 THOROUGHBRED, blood- 
tested baby chicks weekly. 
Prompt shipment assured. Barred, 
Buflf Rooks. S. C. and R. C. Reda- 
$7.85 — tO(». ?3H.50 — .')00. White 
Rofks. White, Columbian Wyan- 
dotte* and Buff Orpingtons $8.50 — 100, 
$-12. .50 — 5(>0. S. C. White Leghorn (P'.nglish 
or Tanered Stmin) $«.85 — 100, $:};i.00 — 500. 
Brown Leghorns and Anconas same price. 
(Davis Strain) Buff Leghorns $7.00 — 100. 
^34.00 — 500. Heavy Mixed 6^c. Assorted 
4*^c. Order direct from ad. Davis Poultry 

Farm. Rt. 13. Ramsey. Ind. HO 

BABY CHICKS. Ohio Accredited. Beat 
pure bred stock. Leading breeds. Personally 
inspected and carefully supervised. Satisfactioa 
guaranteed. If you want best quality chicka 
which have had more than usual attention, 
write to me. Paul Grose, Box 658, SurIm-mb 

Hatchery. Findlay. Ohio. 8 i)lian> 

REGAL DORCAS White Wyandotte Chicks. 
Breeders tested. 258 egg record, Ledger 
Contest. Low prices, free catalog. Ketser's 

Whit« Acres. Grampian. Pa. 83bam 

, Bar. 8.0. Wh. Leg. $7.5« per •(>• 
kS. C. Barred Rocks 9.90 nr 100 

8. C. Reds lO.aorr I0« 

Mixed $8.0a per 100. All o*^ thicks. 


Cloyd Nlentrfnd. Prop.. Bo x E. McAlistarrHU, Pa. 

~HI<;H QUALITY CHICKS at low prices. 
l.OoO.OiiO this season. 25 breeds. A hatch each 
week year round. Establishe<l 1910. Get my 
prices" before you buy. Catalog free. John 

Gei ger Hatch er>\_Chatfiel d. Ohio. 82 

PRICE'S CHICKS from the finest, health- 
ip«t and best personally supervised flocks. 
Matfd to record males. Set only large eggs. 
They're healthy, easily raised, lay well. All 
popular breeds. Catalog free. Price'a Hatch- < 

ery. Rl. Telford . Pa^ »! 

not a gamble. 20 years experience poultry 
breeding insures supreme quality. Every bird 
carefully culled, bloodtested. properly mated. 
\11 leading breeds. Guaranteed delivery. Post- 
paid Oet our new low prices. Johnson Poultry 
Farm & Hatcheries, Box D, Linton, Ind. 81 





CHERRY HILL White Leghorn Chicks are 
hatched from our direct Wyckoff breeders. 
They are truly larger, more vigorous, more 
profitable produoers of large white shelled 
eggs, than you will find elsewhere at such 
reasonable prices. Circular free. Cherry Hill 
Poultry Farm, Wm. Nace, Prop., Box 2, 
McAlisterville, Pa. tfbam 

broodertested. Catalog. Ludlow Hatchery, 
Ludlow, Illin ois. 80 

BABY CmCKS, Ohio Accredited, leading 
varieties. Prices right, quality right. Write 
for literature. Modern Hatchery, Box E, Mt. 
Blanchard. Ohio. 81 


Hatched from high quality 
breeders at prices that v.ill sur- 
prise you. Free catalog. 



BUY ONLY Bloodtested Chicks that are 
100% guaranteed. Get my free catalog — 16 
varieties, priced reasonable. Fred Beckmann, 

57D, Grand Rapids. Mich . 82 

CHICKS THAT GROW. Barred Rox, Leg- 
horns, Reds, Wyandottes, Giants. Catalog, 
prices. Write now. Elden M. Oooley, French- 
town. New Jersey^ tfbam 

BABY CHICKS — $8 per lOU up. Thousands 
hatching. Fourteen breeds. Sent collect. Post- 
paid. Live delivery. Prompt shipment. Started 
chicka priced acc<»rding to age. Send for 
folder. Schoenbom's Hatchery, 333 Main St., 

Hackensack, N. J. tfbm 

ROCKS, REDS, Wyandottes 6c; Leghorns 
5c- Giants 10c. Continental Hatchery, York, 

Pa^ «0 

Chicks. Barred Rocks, Rhode I.^land Reds 
$7.50 per 100; $;J6.50 per 500. White Leg- 
horns (English strain). Buff Leghorns (Davis 
strain) $6.85 lOu; $3;i.()0 per 500. White 
Wyandottes, White Rocks T\ii:. Heavy Mixed 
6c. Assorted 4 Vac. We ship C. O. D. guarantee 
100% live delivery. Dubois County Hatchery, 

Route 8. Huntingb urg. Ind. 80 

in All-Electric Smith machines. Machines are 
kept thoroughly disinfected. Barred. Buff 
Rocks, S. 0. and R. C. Reds $H.00; White 
Ro<ks. White. Columbian and Silver Laced 
Wyandottes $8.50; English Strain White Leg- 
horns Davis Strain Buff Leghorns $7.00. 
Heavy Mixed $6.50; Assorted $4.50. Prompt 
>hipnient. postpaid. Salem Hatchery, Box 9j> 
Salem. Indiana. 



1)\V ^)LI). Seanilaril breeds, free raiigf. 
iriler ih.». Freiialil P. Post. Free book 

(I prli-es. 



what: Baby Chicks $8 per 100 
Heavy laying White Leghorn hens 
mated to cockerels dums records 
185 to 200. Order direct. Francis 
R. Kres.s. Abb ottstown, Pa. 80f 

1931 White Leghorn Chicks, blood-te.sted and 
trapnest stock. Reducwl prices. B''rank Au.stin, 
Milford. Del. _82 

$7.00 PER 100 for Barred, Buff, W^hite 
Rocks, Reds, Buff Ori»ingtons and White 
Wyandottes. $6.50 — luO for White, Brown, 
Buff Leghorns and Anconas. Heavy Mixed 
5MiC. Light Mixed 4 Vic. Prompt shipment 
guaranteed. Economy Hatchery, Box 73, New 
Salisbury. Ind. [^ 

QUALITY CHICKS. Single Comb White 
Leghorns, Barron and Tanered Strain. $7 — 
100. Postpaid. Live delivery guaranteed. Geo. 
Stimeling, Mc Alisterv i lle, Pa . 82 

Barred, Buff, White Rocks, Wyandottes. $7.45 
per hundred. Brown, White Leghorns, Ancon- 
as, Heavy Mixed, $6.45. Assorted all breeds, 
$5.45. Shipped C. O. D. Order from ad. 
Yesterlaid Egg Fa r m, Mt. Healthy, Ohio. 80 

QUALITY CHICKS, 35,000 weekly elec- 
trically hatched. White Leghorns 8c, Barred 
Rocks, White Rocks, Buff Rocks, New Hamp- 
shire Reds, Rhode Island Reds. White Wyan- 
dottes 9c, Heavy Mixed 8c. Reduction in 500 
or 1000 lots. Plum Creek Poultry Farm, Sun- 
bury, Pcnna^ 81. 

QUALITY CHICKS, leading varieties $10 
prepaid. Order now. Robertson Hatchery, New 
Boston. Ohio. 80 

CHICKS C. O. D. 100 Rocks or Reds $9. 
Leghorns or Heavy Mixed $8. Light Mixed 
$7. Free range. Safe delivery guaranteed. Cir- 
cular. W. A. Lauver, McAlist4'rville^_Paj2bam 

PRIZE BABY CHICK C0.,8prln«neld. 0. 
\VHV BUY ordinary chicks when y>.u can 
get our famous bloodtested breeds at the same 
price or even less I Four departments of the 
U. S. Government and thousands of satisfied 
customers have purchased our chicks. They re 
from the famous Tanered. Wyckoff. Fishel. 
Thompson. Holterman. and other bloodlines. 
Price per 100 Standard Quality Special Se- 
lected- White, Brown, Buff Leghorns, Anconas. 
$6.75;' Barred. White Rocks. S. C R. I- Reds. 
$7 75- Buff Rocks. Buff Orpingtons. White. 
S L Wyandottes. $9.00; Mixed Breeds. $4.50: 
Heavy, $6.75. Exhibition Quality I'*?' 100 
White, Buff. Brown Leghorns, Anconas. $8 o 
White. Barred Rocks. Reds. $lt).<;0; » .ff 
Bocks, Buff. White Orpingtons, White. ..ol.. 
S L. Wyandottes, $11.00; White. Black Mi- 
norcas, Jersey Black Ginnts. $12 00. Nothiiig 
better to start or rebuild a profitable flock, 
nothing better for even broilers because these 
famous breeds grow larger, mature qu'|;Ker. 
and lav better. Immediate shipment. 100 7o 
prepaid live delivery. Write for our free color 
plate catalog. Thornwood Poultry \ards Box 

120 A. Crandall. Indian a^ ""^""^ 

CHICKS — Barred Rocks *«.50 per 100; 
$40 00 per 5(m; $75.00 per loOO. Wyandottes 
and Reds $8.50 per 100. Leghorns $7 50 per 
100. Postpaid. West Denton Hatchery. Den ton 
Md^ ^ 

Maple Lawn Chicks AuniSy 

For Quality and Profit 
Tancre<l Sir. Wliite Ijfcliunis. $8 per 
10(1 Parks Sir. Hr<l. Ko(ks (Per. 2W2K 
Wli. WyunddUe-i. Wh llocks. R. I Rods. 
Itl $10 ix'r loo. Liijlit Mlx-?(1. 
$fi mr 100 Iltavj- .Mixed JS l*r lotv 
tOfiif. live deliverv. ("HialoB friv. MAPLE LAWN 

POULTRY FAR M . McAlisterville. P«. 

GOOD CHIX AT FAIR Prices. Leading 
breeds. Illinois State accredited. Good layers. 

Augusta Hatchery. Augusta. 111. 80 

$6.95 PER 100. Rocks. Reds, Orpingtons, 
Leghorns. Guaranteed alive arrival. Eleven 
hatcheries. Twelve years experience. 3.000.000 
chicks per season. Customers 43 states. Cata- 
log free, showing twenty varieties. Hayes 
Bros. Hatchery, Inc., Decatur, 111. 82bam 


These little "ads" in Every- 
bodys pay because they are read 
by folks who want what you 
have to sell. The classified ad- 
vertising: pages of Everybodys 
can be made a Market Place for 
what YOU have to sell. Start an 
advertisement in April and 
order it run for several months 
at reduced rate. 

MARCH 18th 


SEND NO MONEY for Peerless Chicks— 
just pay postman. Immediate shipment White. 
Brown, Buff Leghorns. Anconas, Heavy As- 
sorted, $6.90. Reds, Rocks, Wyandottes, Or- 
pingtons, Minorcas. $7.90. Deduct 25c per 
100 on orders of 1000. Postage extra — pre- 
paid if cash with order. Order from ad. Write 
or wire. Peerless Poultry Farm, Box 11-K. 
Mexico. Mo. 80bam 

SQUARE DEAL Hatchery Chix Guaranteed. 
Hanson White Leghorns. Barred Rocks and 
Reds $12 per hundred, five hundred lots half 
cent less each prepaid. J. Maytield, Prop.. 

Port Jervis. N. Y. . ^2bm 

100% delivery Knar- 
antucd. Circular free. 

Tanered Strain S. C. W 1- ..louii fclon 

Uar. & White R.>cks «:ul Beds ii" -.a; ' ;, '*~l- 

Si>ocial price on \a:ee o <ler*. L. Mix *•— J"*' :•'''."> *'■ 
JACO B NIEMOND'S SONS, Box 9tJ!cAli»terYiUeJPa . 



BUFF COCHIN — Breeders, pairs, trios, 
eggs. R. N. Foltz. Halethorpe. Md. 80 

BANTAM^! — 55 Varieties. Shipped on ap- 
proval.F. C. W'ilbe rt^jUr^l JRajiijU^^lich J'llbn: 


Tested. Mammoth type. High power layers. 
.Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol s 
Poultry Farm, B ox K. Monmouth, III. 80bam 

GIANT BRAHMAS, real quality, breeders 
tested, two matings. low prices, chicks, eggs, 
catalog. Write Giant Brahma Farms, Gram- 
pian. Pa. 83bam 




Giant stock. Hardy, easy to raise. Lay in 
zero weather. Stock, Chicks, Eggs. Catalog 
free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y, Mon- 
tnouth, Illinois. 80bam 

the genuine old time Hankiu's Strain Light 
Brahnias. Forty years breeding back of them 
for mammoth size, true color and heavy win- 
ter egg production. Cai>on8 fatten ea-sily; 
bring you three to four dollars each holiday 
market. Beautiful Brahma catalog in natural 
color free. Farm Service, Route M96, Tyrone, 
Penna. w 1 bam 


COOPER'S Mammoth Buff Cochins. Bigger 
and better than ever. Hatching eggs. Catalog. 
Stamps appreciated. Morton Cooper, Lansdale, 
Pa; 81 

STOCK and EGGS from Madison Square 
Garden winners. Circular free. W. W. Hep- 
l>urn, Pennington, N. J . 8 1 

HANKINS Famous Light Brahmas. Chicks, 
eggs. Reduced prices. Free catalog. W. H. 
Hankins . Strafford. Missouri. 80 

Bertha Dell, Liege, Mo. 82 


DARK CORNl.SH, White Cornish, 30 
breeds, 1«K strain. Catalogue free. Box 20. 
Taylor Hatcheries, Shelbyville, Illinois. 81 

Stock. Low, blocky type. Reasonable prices. 
Iowa accredited. Guaranteed to live. Murray 
McMurray Hatchery, Box 47, Webster City, 
Iowa. 81 bam 

DARK CORNISH Eggs fifteen $2.00; 100 — 
.jtlO.OO. F ra nk Feilma n^_S ellersville. Pa. 80 


JERSEY BLACK GIANT Chicka hatched 
from ten pound two and three year old breed- 
ing birds, always bring a premium price for 
you as heavy roasters and twelve to fourteen 
pound capons. Big, fat, rich, yellow skinned 
chicken dinners. $25 for 100. Full information 
Free. Farm Service, Route NlOO, Tyrone, 
Penna. 80bam 

LARGE TYPE Jersey Black Giant; Light 
Brahma eggs $1.25 — 15. Mrs. Rhoda Harris, 
Ryan. Virginia. 82 


WIN $1000.00 — Buy our Giants, Marcy 
Farm Strains Permit 197. Highest quality 
chicks (White and Black). Free chicks, big 
discounts, buy your 1932 chicks now, sava 
money. Beautiful cockerels, pullets, trios, 
pens. Descriptive literature. The Maples Giant 
Farms. Box 18.}5, Pi ttsfi eld. Illinois. 80 

WHITE GIANT CHICKS Hatched from ten 
pound two and three year old breeding birds, 
always bring a premium price for you as 
heavy roasters and twelve to fourteen pound 
capons. Big. fat, rich yellow skinned chicken 
dinners. Hens lay large brown eggs, with 
winter records equal to Leghorns. Fifty Whita 
Giant chicks $15. Folder free. Farm Service, 
Route SI 73. Tyrone. Penna. SObam 

WHITE GIANT EGGS $4.50 per 50 post- 
paid. Lofton trent. D u blin. Ky. 80 

WHITE GIANT CHICKS from culled and 
bloodtested flock $18.00 — 100. Mrs. Rosa 
Leach, R. 3, Memphis. Mo. 81 

will tell you why you should buy some of our 
eggs for hatching in 1932. Aug. D. Arnold, 
Box E. Dillsburg. Pa. 80 

Highest quality. True Giant sire. Wonderful 
money makers.' Cockerels weigh 12 pounds at 
7 months. Unlimited demand for eggs and 
stock. Iowa State Accredited. Guaranteed to 
live. Prices reasonable. Murray McMurray 
Hatchery. Box 46. Webster City, Iowa.8 1bam 

MARCY Farm Permit 280. White Giants. 
Black (tiants. 30 breeds, 18K strain. Catalog 
free. Box 20. Taylor Hatcheries, Shelbyville, 
Illinois. 51 

low. Catalogue free. Goshen Poultry Farms, 
Goshen. Indiana. 80 

WHITE OIANTS. Black Giants. Buff Mi- 
norcas. Chicks, eggs. Thomas Poultry Farm. 
Pleasanton. Kansas. 80 


FIGHTING COCKS. "Win or Die", eggs 
$3.00 for 15. Circular free. S. M. WTiite, 
Keytesville. Mo. ^ 

WHITEHACKLE Pit Game Stags $2 50; 
eg^s $2 25 — 15. Fitzhugh Hudson, Nutbush, 
Va. £2 


shans. Tested. Mammoth size. Pure white. 
High power layers. Stock, chicks, eggs. Cata- 
log free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, 
Monmouth. 111. i<Oh^m 

WORLD FAMOUS White Langshans. Real 
type, pure color. Hardy winter layers. Stock, 
Chicks. Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry 
Farm, Box Y, Monmouth, Illinois. SObam 



Chicks. My White Leghorn Chicks come from 
1500 breeding hens, large type, blood tested. 
Official trapnest records 200-307 eggs, aver- 
aging 26 ounces per dozen. Folder free. Carey 
Farms. Box B, Agosta, Ohio. 81 

WORLD FAMOUS White Leghorns. Big 
type, larger, whiter eggs. From National 
contest winners. Our stock laid 6996 eggs in 
December for Waller Miller, Illinois farmer. 
Edwin Caryle, Wisconsin, averaged over 200 
■ggs a year with our birds. Stock, Chicks, 
Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, 
Box Y, Monmouth, Illinois. HObam 

horns. Tested. Exhibition and production 
bred stock. Long distance layers, large white 
eggs. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. 
Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, Monmouth, 
111. Hubam 

O. O. D. Leading heavy laying strains. New 
low prices. Free color plate catalog shows 
them in natural colors. Full of information. 
My customers report big profits with Cham- 
pion Leghorns. Write. Carter's Chickery, 

Box 21, Eldorado, Illinois. 81 bam 

WE BREED the Barron Strain, 
big type Leghorns; just imported 
cockerels from Barron's best con- 
test winning hens. Our stock large 
type one hundred per cent Barron 
blood. Chii-ks, eggs, bloodtested 
Btoik. Circular free. Crystal 
White Farms, Inc., Box 1709-5, 

Atlanta, Georgia. 82bm 

anteed to live and lay heavily fur you. 
Hatched from heavy winter egg record stock 
of Canadian, Hollywood, Tancred, Barron 
English breeding, two and three year old 
tested hens laying 24 ounce per dozen pure 
white eggs. Rugged health, vigor, and vitality. 
Get the great, big, heavyweight Leghorns 
from five and six pound hens. Handsome 
catalog in natural color free. Big discounts 
this month. Farm Service, Route A33, Tyrone, 
Penna^. 81 bam 

production bred stock mated to official 200 
to 300 egg sires. Half price replacement guar- 
antee. Catalogue free. Daniels Poultry Farm, 
So. New Berlin, N. Y. 80 

TANCRED Big Type Pedigreed Cockerels. 
Records 254-312. Free range. Vigorous. $2.50 
$5.00 each. Sh>l)ped on approval. Satisfaction 
guaranteed. Also chicks. Battlefield Poultry 
Farms. Gettysburg, Pa. 80 

TRY HOME CHICKS from my own flock of 
large size, lopped-comb, Bloodtested Holly- 
wood White Leghorn hens that weigh 5% -7 'A 
lbs. These are mated to Approved R. O. P. 
co<'kerel8. 313 egg records. Chicks, 100 — 
$16.00. 500 — $73.50 if ordered direct from 
this adv. 100% guaranteed. Fred Beckmann, 
Box 57D. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 80 

hatched. Hatching eggs. Write. Edgewood 
Farms, Need more. Pa. 80 

TOM COCHRAN TANCRED big egg strain 
White Leghorns. Chicks 100 — $12.00 prepaid. 
Eggs $r..00. R. S. Harker. Hidalgo. 111. 80 

IF YOU WANT VIGOR, size and high pro- 
duction, try Briglitwater Mountain bred White 
Leghorn chicks. Circular. Brightwater Farms, 
Hen d ersonville, N. C. 81 

HI(» DISCOUNT on Wyngarden-Hollywood 
White Leghorn Chicks if ordered now. Pedi- 
gree sires of 200 to 300-egg blood lines. 
Plmks often average above 2o0 extra large 
egg-s. Also Barred Rocks. Write for catalog 
and price*. Wyngnrden Farms & Hatchery, 
Box N 3, Zeeland. M i chiga n^ Bubam 

horns direct. Selected egg.s — $3.00 fifteen. 
Wjn. H. H ardin. Snlii^bury. N. C. 80 

•train, 5 to 6 pound hens imported direct 
from England, lay 25 to 29 oz. eggs, blood- 
tested. Catalog free. Immele's Breeding Farm. 
Tiffi n . Ohio. 82 

TRAPNESTED and PEDIGRE?:!). That is 
why they are super bred, for highest egg 
production and mora profit. Tancred, Hanson, 
Ilollywood, and Barron Strains. Snven cents 
up. Super Bred Leghorn Farms, New Wash- 
ington. Ohio. 82 

TOM BARRONS Leghorn.s imported direct. 
Chicks 10c : eggs 100 delivered $5.00. Cir- 
cular. Ward R osenberger, Tiffin. Ohio. 81 

WHITE LEGHORN Chicks. $10 hundred 
delivered. Breeder twenty-one years. Bramble 
Poultry Farm. Chestertnwn. Md. 80bm 

S. C. WHITE LEGHORN Baby Chicks and 
Hatching Eggs. Offidally blood-tested and 
lOO""; white diarrhea free flo<-k. Heavy laying 
strain. Large birds. Large eggs. Special re- 
ducpd prices. Booklet. North Poultry Farm, 
McAlisterville, Pa. tfbm 




BARRON ENGLISH White Leghorn Baby 
Chicks at special prices. Catalog free. Bishops 
Poultry Farm, N ew W'ashington, Ohio. 81bam 

CHICKS. Save 4 cents on every chick if 
you order early. W'yugarden's Hollywood 
WTiite Leghorns, pedigree sired. Large birds 
producing extra big eggs. Customers report 
high laying re<-ords. Also Barrel Rocks. Write 
for prices and catalog. Wyngarden Farm.s & 
Hatchery, Box N-3, Zeeland, Mich. 80bam 

HATCHINC} EGGS, CHICKS. Started chicks 
from 2(»0 — 318 egg hens. Large stc^ck, large 
eggs, reasonable prices. Circular. George L. 
Davis, H unting don, Pa. 80 

Hatching EggH from trapnested hens record 
206 to 310 e^gs. Prices low, quality high. 
Satisfaction guaranteed. Prices on request. 
Jimmie Sa nderso n, Tarboro. N. Carolina. 82 

CHICKS — From trapnested-bloodtested pure 
Barron White Leghorns. Pri<re8 reasonable. 
Catalog free. Willackcr Leghorn Farm, Box 
E, New Washington, Ohio. 81 

KAHLERS BIG EGG Tancred Leghorns. 
Win first place on egg size, Penna. Contest. 
Every breeder on own farm, trapnest-pedi- 
greed four generations over 250. Si>ecial mat- 
ings. Reasonably i>ric«i. Kahlers Shadylawn 
Farm, Box 100, Hughesville, Penna. 80bam 

LEGHORN CHICKS from Trapnest and 
Pedigreed Stock. All chicks from Pedigreed 
Cockerel bloodline 302 to 318 eggs, mated to 
old hens with contest records. Prices reduced, 
write t<iday. Ed. Smith Leghorn Farm, Severna 
Park. Md. Mbm 

WHITE LEGHORNS — Hava a hlfb lock 

average with Trexler Leghorns. Have big Leg- 
homa — big eggs — big profits. Enjoy quick ma- 
turing — heavy laying birds. Produced under 
Penna. State Supervision. Reserve shipping 
date. Learn about lower prices. Mail postcard 
now. Trexler Farms, Box 13, Allentown. Pa. 

Nature's Three Best Months 

10 word 


for 3 mouths costs $3.60 

15 word 


for 3 months costs $5.40 

20 word 


for 3 months costs $7.20 

25 word 


for 3 months costs 10.80 




horns. Tested. High pressure layers. Stock, 
chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry 
Farm. Box K. Monmouth, Illinois. 80bam 

WORLD FAMOUS Brown Leghorns. Big 
type, healthy, lay large white eggs. Cus- 
tomers report big profits. Stock, Chicks, Eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y, 
Monmouth, Illinois. 8ubam 

KEISER'S Single Comb Brown Leghorn 
Chicks. Bree/iers tested. Live, lay, excep- 
tional matings. Free catalog. F. Keiser, 
Grampian, Pa . 83baio 

ROSE COMB Brown Leghorns. Big show 
winners. 32 years. Special 30 eggs laying mat- 
ings $3. H. H. L a mson, C am eron, New York. 80 


WORLD FAMOUS Buff Leghorns. Healthy, 
pure buflf birds lay very large chalky eggs. 
Profit makers cheap. Stock. Chicks, Eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y, 
Mon mou th, Illin ois. 80bam 

N I CHO L ' S MA ST E R BRED Buff Leghorns. 
Tested. High jiressure layers. Stock, chicks, 
eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, 
Box K. M-nmouth. I II. 80bam 

2000 BUFF LEGHORNS trapnested for six 
years. Two years under Indiana State In- 
spection. High egg producers, big birils, good 
color. Write for prices on chicks, eggs and 
stO( k. Robert S. Davis. K■l^l^ey, I n d _80 

BABY CHICKS, Full-blooded, Booth Strain 
White Minorca beauties. Get guaranteed- to- 
live chicks fri>m great, big. heavyweight 10 
pound two and three year old breeding birds, 
producing 30 ounce extra large pure whita 
eggs. Utility and fancy matings. Color plate 
catalog free. Farm Service, Route K90, Ty- 
rone. Penna^ 82bam 

ACE QUALITY White Minorcas have type, 
size and egg ability. Won eleven firsts out of 
twelve at St. Louis National and Chicago 
Coliseum this year. If you want real Whita 
Minorcas write for mating list. Ace WHiite 
Minorcas. 527 M a\ o Bldg.. Tuj8a,_0kla^ 80 

S. C. UTlTTfe MTNORCAS— 34 years line- 
breedirg chicks and eggs. Reduced prices. A. 
L. Buzzard and Sons, Goshen. Ind. 80 

WHITE MINORCAS Chicks, Eggs, Stock. 
Write for prices. Garfield Game Reserve, 
Schuylkill Haven, Penna. 81 

WHITE MINORCA Baby Chicks. Real full 
bodied Minorcas. Prize winners, bloodtested. 
B. F. Ricketts. Box M. Zanesville, Ohio. 80 

ROSE and SINGLE COMB White Minorca 
chicks, eggs. 250-280 egg strain. Big type. 
Chalk white eggs. Iowa Accredited. Chick 
livability guaranteed. Low prices. Murray 
McMurray Hatchery, Box 50, Webster City, 
I owa. 81 bam 


BABY CHICKS. Full-blooded, rich green- 
sheened Black Minorca beauties. Get chicka 
from great, big, heavyweight 10 pound two 
and three year old breeding birds, producing 
30 ounce extra large i)ure white eggs. Utility 
and fancy matings. Color plate catalog frea. 
Farm Service. Route J55. 'Tyrone, Pa. 82bam 

.JEAN JOAN Black Minorcas. Won every 
leading official contest award for breed. Blood- 
tested. Jean Joan Farm, Box K, Belmar, 
N. J. 81 

Chicks from State Certified flock mated with 
pedigreed males. T. D. Eastland, Pembroke, 
Ky. 81 

cas. "Tested. Exhibition and production bred 
stock. Make big records, produce very large 
eggs. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. 
Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, Monmouth, 
111. 80bam 


RUSK FARMS — Buflf Minorca headquarters. 
Started chicks, day old chicks — 1 weeks 
guarantee to live. Bloodtested. Trapnested 
matings. Winners everywhere shown. Catalog 
free. Rusk Farms, Box 128, Windsor, Mis- 
souri. 80 bam 

New York-Chicago. Large birds, big white 
eggs. Eggs, Chicks. Edw. Schmidt, Thorntown, 
Indiana. 81 

BORDNER'S BIO BUFFS. Winners every- 
where. Robert Bordner, Massillon, O. 80 


WORLD FAMOUS Minorcas. White or 
Black. Big type, rugged. Lay large white 
eggs. Andy Pearson, Illinois, lost less than 
4% of 1000 Nichol Minorcas. Stock, Chicks, 
Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, 
Box Y, Monmouth, Illinois. 80bam 

SUNNYFIELD Mammoth Single Comb 
Black Minorcas are big Minorcas, heavy Mi- 
norcas, hardy Minorcas, reliable Minorcas. 
Have egg producing ability. Breeders tested. 
Write Sunnyfield Minorca Farms, Grampian, 
Pa 8 3 bam 


Get your chicks from this Full-Blooded 
Mammoth Strain Black and White 
Minorca Beauties. Produce Extra large 
pure white eggs 30 ounces tothedosen. 
Handsome Color Plate catalogue show- 
ing how you can raise Giant Heavy- 
weight Minorcas in all their rich green 
sheened coal black beauty. Healthy, 
Guaranteed-to-Live Minorcas, both 
;Uack and White. Mention color please. 


Route J14 

Tyrone, Penna. 


tons. Tested. Exhibition and production bred 
stock. Real buff, big type. Stock, chicks, eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, 
Monmouth. 111. 80bam 

WORLD FAMOUS Buflf Orpingtons. Big- 
gest type. Egg records up to 280 made by 
customers. Healthy, beautiful. Stock. Chicks. 
Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 
Box Y. Monmouth. Illinois. 801)am 

KEISER'S Golden Buflf Orpington Chicks. 
Breeders tested. Live, lay, exceptional mat- 
ings. Free catalog. F. Keiser, Grampian, 

Pa. 83bam 

Write Dolphus Turpin, Pimacle, N. C. 82 


BLUE ORPlNiiTONS 100 eggs $11.00 pre- 
:)aid. John I'nangst, Freeport, Illinoia. 82 


WORLD FAMOUS White Orpingtons. 
Crystal white, massive. Lay better. Stock, 
Chicks, Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol't Poultry 
Farm, Box Y, Monmouth, Illinois. 60b»m 






tons. Tested. Record layers. Big type. Crystal 
white plumage. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog 
free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, Mon- 
mo uth. III. 80ba m 


Red Chicks' 

of that* dark, rich, Red plumage yoa 
like BO well. Make big profits with 
these Giant Heavyweight Reds — three 
pound broilers in 12 weeks. Have pul- 
lets laying big brown eggs for you in 
five months. Generous early order Dis- 
counts allowed on this Guarantee-to- 
Live stock. Send for Handsome Catalog 
showing birds in their natural wealth 
of vivid rich Red color. 


Route F18 Tyrone, Penna. 

Rose Comb Reds. Tested. Beautiful dark red 
plumage. High production bred. Stock, chicks, 
eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, 
Box K, Monmouth, III. 80bam 

WORLD FAMOUS REDS. No five year plan 
here. We have bred them for a deep blood 
red for over 15 years. Rose or single combs. 
Stock, Chicks, Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's 
Poultry Farm. Box Y, Monmouth, III. 80bam 

ahipped C. O. D. They lay and are red. Free 
color plate catalog shows them in natural 
colors. High contest records back of them. 
Get free catalog and new low prices. Write 
Carter's Chickery, Box 21, Eldorado, 111.81 bam 

MAHOOD and RUCKER Strains. Chicks 
and eggs, at 1916 prices. Write. Barney Mc- 
Williams. Box B, Johnston City, 111. 80 

R. I. RED Chicks, $10 hundred delivered. 
Breeder twenty-one years. Bramble Poultry 
Farm, Chestertown, Md. *^'^'""' 

MAHOOD REDS, best matings. Eggs, 
chicks. J. Manning. Meshoppen. Pa. 81 

HEAVY LAYING REDS from Connecticut 
BOP. flock. Blood-tested. Accredited. Big 
birds that make big meney. Get prices and 
free literature. Rock Ridge Farm, Box l-J, 
Ridgefield. Co nn 80bam 

SI>I6LE 6 0Mft_fag0bE^IsLAND RED8_ 

SINGLE COMB Rhode Island Reds hatch- 
ing eggs prep aid^rmi n Stroh. W^aterloo. 111.81 
■ 8 C. COCKERELS $2.75, $3.00. Mrs. Vin- 

cent. Burden. Albany. III. 5i! 

flharle s Hallock. Mattituck. New York. 82 

br^ Rhode Island Reds. Blood-tested, tr.p- 
ne^ed for high production. Introductory oflfer 
?So grade A chicks $15.00 Circular. Bright- 
water Fa rms. Hendersonville n t,. "i 

10 lb. Rocks 

You can easily produce 10 lb. eapoo*. 
big. fat, meaty roasters and broilers 
8 lb. weight m 12 weeks. Get your 
chicks now from this Giant Heavy- 
weight Straia of healthy. Guaranteed 
to- Live two and three year old breeding 
birds. My customers report unusually 
heavy Winter egg records. Rich, yellow 
legged Buflf, Barred and White Ply- 
mouth Rock Beauties. Catalogue Free 
to you. 

Route C2S Tyrone, Penne. 

R. O. P. BARRED ROCKS. Every bird 
trapnested and pedigreed. Mated to approved 
R. O. P. males, with dams records to 294 
eggs. Large size, good color. Bloodtested. 
Wonderful constitutional vigor and healtli. 
Send for circular. R. 0. Wallace, 2nd and 
South Sts., Lafayette, Ind. 81 

BARRED ROCK Chicks, $10 hundred de- 
livered. Breeder twenty-one years. Bramble 
Poultry Farm, Chestertown. Md. 80bm 


Tested. Real buflf plumage. Heavy layers. 
Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's 
Poultry Farm, Box K, Monmouth. 111. 80bam 

GIANT, LARGE TYPE, heavyweight Buflf 
Ruck Chicks, with that rich golden color you 
like so well. I oflfer you buffs hatched from 
two and three year old prize breeders — heavy 
winter layers. A profitable broiler or roasting 
fowl. These Buflf Rock chicks are so strong, 
vigorous and healthy that I'll guarantee thera 
to live and thrive for you. Beautiful color 
plate catalog free. Farm Service, Route D84, 
Tyrone. Penna. 81bam 

WORLD FAMOUS Buff Rocks. Praised by 
thousands. We supply healthy, large type 
layers. Cheap. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog 
free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y, Mon- 
mouth, Illinois. 80bam 

from Boston winners. Rockwin Farm, Barre. 
Mass. *0 


■ WORLD FAMOUS Barred Rocks. Beauti 
fully barred deep. Healthy, Oversize. Pay big 
everywhere. Production bred. Stock, Chicks, 
Eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 
Box Y. Monmouth, Illinois. 80bam 

Tested. Light and dark matings. Barred deep- 
ly, distinctively. Outstanding layers. Stock, 
chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's ^ou\tTr 
Farm, Box K, Monmouth, III. SObam 

from the cream of the world's best strains. 
Free color plate catalog shows Champioa 
Rocks in their natural colors. Are proven egg 
layers and prime meat fowls. We ship C. O. 
D at new low prices. Write. Carter s Chick- 
ery. Box 21. Eldorado. Illinois. 81bam 

BARRED ROCK CHICKS. The husky quick 

f rowing kind. All breeders bloodtested at 
12 50 per hundred. Walnut Dale Poultry 
Farm, Box E, West Leesport, Penna. 81 


In acknowledgement of a 
classified advertising order from 
a poultry raiser who for seven 
years without interruption has 
used Everybodys, we asked this 
"regular" just how these little 
ads had paid. Here in part is his 
reply, "Yes I have been regular 
in Everybodys for the very good 
reason that your paper has paid 
me better than any other medi- 
um I have ever used. Mine is 
not a large business. I mate up 
a limited number of hens but 
they are extra good. Everybodys 
brings me inquiries that nine 
times out of ten turn out to be 
customers that come back year 
after year. Naturally when we 
think of advertising we think of 

PAGE 158 

your egg production. Get them C. O. D. at 
new low prices. Free color catalog shows them 
in natural colors. Write for your copy today. 
Carter's Chickery, Box 21, Eldorado. Ill.Slbam 

GIANT, LARGE TYPE, heavyweight White 
Rock Baby Chicks. Get the pure white heavy 
winter laying chicks hatched from two and 
three year old tested breeders. Rugged, 
healthy, broiler chick Rocks I will guarantee- 
to-live and thrive for you. Beautiful color 
plate catalog free. Farm Service, Route E62, 
Tyrone. Penna. 81 bam 

WHITE ROCK BABY CHIX. trapnested. 
individually pedigreed. Anne Haeuptle. Milan, 
Ohio. 81 


WHITE FACE Black Spanish. Eggs, chicks, 
pullets, cockerels. None better. Dr. Thomas. 
Wjlliamsport, Maryl.-'nd. 81 

LIGHT SUSSEX, Speckled Sussex and 

Khaki. Campbell Duck Eggs. W. C. Newbury. 

}Valworth. N. Y. 80 



PARTRIDGE ROCKS. White Rocks, 30 
breeds, 18K strain. CaUlog free. Box 20. Tay- 
lor Hatcheries. Shelbyville. Illinois. 81 

PARTRIDGE ROCKS. Guaranteed. Stock 
and eggs from prize winners. Morgal Beckley. 
1512 Naud ain , Harrisburg. Penna. 80 

WORl D FAMOUS White Rocks. Crystal 
white. Big type. Hardy. 200 eggs a year. 
Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol s 
Poultry Fartn, Box Y, Monmouth, III. 80ba m 

WHITE ROCK CHICKS — Eggs. Ideal for 
broilers and heavy layers. Winners Georgia 
National and New York Egg Contests. Also 
Ohio State Fair. Official records up to 301 
eggs. Accredited flocks headed by 200-289 
egg pedigreed males. Bloodtested. Livability 
guaranteed. Circular free. Oscar W. Holtz- 
apple. Box 13. Elida. Ohio. 80bam 

nTcHOL'S master bred \Vhite Rocks. 
Tested. Large tvpe. Pure white. Record lay- 
ers. Stock, chicks, eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's 
Poultry Farm, Box K. M onmouth, 111. 80bam 

Rocks five entries, five firsts and all specials. 
Leading winner Ohio State Fair. Kentucky 
State Fair. Over 2ii0 egg blood. Baby chicks, 
grand quality, prices reasonable. Bloodtested. 
Rirketts Farm. Box H. Coshocton. Ohio. 80 

WHITE ROCK Chicks. sUrted chicks, eggs, 
heavy laying strain. H. Stanley Cook. Grove- 

land. Mass. §f 

""HALBACH'S white rocks. Greatest 
Chicago winners since 1907. Heavy layers. 
Mating list. H. W. Halbach and Sons, ^^ater- 
ford. Wis. »0 

LIGHT SUSSEX, Eggs, Exhibition and 
Production Matings. A. G. Bosttiger, Hacketts- 
town, N. J. Ij 


WYANDOTTE CHICKS, $10 hundred de- 
livered. Breeder twenty-one years. Bramble 
Poultry Farm. Chest ertown, Md. 80bm 


chicks of quality. Carl O. Trembley, Route 3, 
Norwalk. Ohio. 80 

gGU&C M la6Ei!> wyANdGI-tes 

BABY CHICKS. Quick maturing, splendid 
layers. Fox Farm. Box 7;!.!, Piqua, Ohio. 80 


erels. Hens, Pullets. Will Springs, Thomp- 
Bonville, Illinois. 80 

erels $2.00; six, $9.00. Will Springs, Thomp- 

Honville. Illinois. 81 


SILVER WYANDOTTES and Speckled Sus- 
sex. Stock, eggs. Catalogue. Tarbox Bros.. Box 
E.Yorkville. 111. _81 


WORLD FAMOUS Silver Laced Wyan- 
dottes. Chas. Swann. Michigan, won blue rib- 
bons in five Fairs last Pall with our stock, 
including Michigan State Fair. Production 
bred, healthy. Stock, Chicks. Eggs. Catalog 
free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y, Mon- 
mouth, Illinois. 80 bam 

Wyandottes. Tested. Best strain, splendid 
layers. Beautifully marked. Stock, chicks, 
eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, 
Box K, Monmout h, III. SObam 

chicks. Nicely marked, real layers, bloodtested. 
K. F. Ricketts. Box J. Zanesville Ohio. 8» 

dottes. Fishel heavy laying strain. Tested. 
Beautiful white plumage. Stock, chicks, eggs. 
Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, 
Monmouth, 111. >^*">*"' 

WORLD FAMOUS White Wyandottes. 
Prize winners in great shows. High egg 
records. Healthy, Stock, Chicks, Eggs. Cata- 
log free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box Y, Mon- 
month, Il li nois. ^Obam 

"MONEY MAKER" NNTiite Wyandottes. 
Established 1912. One breed handled right. 
Cockerels, hens, pullets. E. A. Heaton, R 4 
Toledo, Ohio. '*' 

WORLD'S GREATEST Winners. Williams 

White Wyandottes, bred for 37 years, priced 

eight for the times. Circular free. F. B. 

Williams, Bo x C. I.Mip. L. I. N. Y. 80 

fc H 0D£~l3LAND~WHlTES 

Farm. Both combs. Stock $3.00 each, f 14.00 
pen. Eggs prepaid. Catalog free Henry 
kichelmann. Waterloo. Illinois. _ 80 


:iO,000 BOOKS FREE. Tells how to make 
monev from poultry and quotes lowest prices 
on stock, chicks, eggs. 18 breeds described. 
Mrs. Steinmeyer. Riverdale, Maryland writes 
"I would like a copy of your poultry book 
as I saw a copy and was surprised at the 
information it contained." Just drop a card 
for free coT)y. Nichol's Poultry Farm. Box 
Y. Monmouth. Illinois. SObam 


SHIP YOUR EGOS, best prices. Writs. 
Betman Egg Co.. 1276 Gerard Ave.. N. Y. 80b 


MAKE MONEY at home raising beautiful 
Tropical Fishes. Ideal sideline for poultry- 
men. Complete particulars ten cents. Vinelaud 
Tropical Fish Hatchery. Vineland. N. J. >^'> 

DR. C. L.. LAMMEY, Veterinarian, special- 
izing in poultry diseases. Phone ati252, 821 

East Market Street._York^a. HO 


SAINT BERNARD Puppies. Pedigreed and 
farm raised. Satisfaction and safe arrival 
guaranteed. Edwin A. Souder, Sellersville. 
Pa, 82bm 


type. Layers. Stock, eggs. Low prices. Cata- 
log free. Nichol's Poultry Farm, Box K, 
Monmouth. Illinois. BObam 

WHITE MUSCOVY Drakes $3; Ducks *2 ; 
Hatching Eggs $1. Charles E. Haliock. Matti- 
tuck. New York. H2 

BUFF DUCKS $1.65, Eggs $2.00—26. 
Arthur Matzat. Golden. 111. 80 

WILD \LALLARDS and Muscovy Ducks. 
Prices very reasonable for stock and eggs. 
Robert Mackley. Brogueville. Pa. 81 

LARGE TYPE Giant Pekin Ducks. Eggs 12 
lbs. Stock. Emma Simpson, R. 4, Owosso 
Mich. ^Q 

KHAKI-CAMPBELL Ducks. Phenomenal 
•llyear layers. Setting $1.50. Floyd Wilson 

Woodstock. N. Y. °i 


DUCKLINGS From Mammoth White Pekin 
Ducks that lay the year round. We specialize 
in Ducklings for breeding and market pur- 
poses. Quality size and satisfaction graran- 
teed. L Hamblin. Box 7. Wilson. N. Y. 80 

PARDEE'S Perfect Pekin Ducklings, hatch- 
ing eggs and breeding drakes. New lower 
prices. Service. Satisfaction. Catalog free. 
Roy E. Pardee, Branch Street, Islip, Long 
Island. New York. ^ ?2 

pound stock 17c each. Catalog free. Goshen 
Poultry F ar ms. Gos hen.^ndiana. 80 

OUR MAMMOTH PEKIN Ducklings and 
feeding methods produce 6 pound ducks in 
10 weeks. More profitable than chickens. 
Easily raised. 25 ducklings $5.50; 50 — $10.50; 
100— -$20.00; 500 — $95.00. Prepaid. Live de- 
livery guaranteed. Eggs $6.50 hundred. Cat- 
alog free. Claude Hile Hatcher^ ^_C areji._a_8g 

WOMEN to do plain sewing at home. Good 
pay. No canvassing or selling. We supply you 
with work. Sewing machine necessary. Lafay- 
ette Corporation, 353 St. Nicholas. Montreal 
Quebec, Dept. No. 39. (PosUge to Montreal 
now 3c). 


Geese. Big type. Profitable, low •prices. Stock, 
eggs. Catalog free. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 
Box K. Monmouth. 111. 80bam 

BUFF GOOSE EGGS 4 for $1.25 delivered 
Ma rch. April. Ernest West. Cynthiana. O. 81 

TOULOUSE EGGS 30 cents each or $3 a 
dozen. Embden and Dewlop African eggs 35 
cents each. Minnie B . Nash. V an Wert, 0._8g 

GLADIOLUS BULBS 25 blooming size 25c. 
Coin or stamps. Rainbow Gardens, Hunting- 

ton. Indiana. -si 


"large hatching EGGS. Leghorn Bar- 
ron Strain. Breeders since 1911. Prices rea- 
sonable. S. P. Poultry Farm, Anacostia 8t»- 
tion. Washington. D. C. ZH 

HATCHING EGGS from our big type 
Single Comb White Leghorns. $15 per case, 
$6 per 100, $1.50 per 15. Charpless Farm, 
Lendcnburg. Pa. . . "" 

SILVER LACED Wyandottes Eegs. Setting 
$1 00 White Turkey Eggs 25c each. Golden 
Sebright Bantam Eggs $1.00 setting. Curtis 
Mat 7^ rarmi.^ll^ **" 


"wanted IMMEDIATELY. Men-Women. 
18-50 qualify for Government positions. $105- 
$250 ' month. Steady employment. Common 
education suflScient. thousands appointed 
yearly Write. Instruction Bureau, 591 St. 
Louis. Mo. quickly. t"'™ 


BARGAIN — New 500 size Hamilton Ele<-- 
tric Incubators $25.00, used one sea-son $15. 
New 90(1 size brooders $10.00. New 200 size 
fC.OO. Qua lit V Hat chery ^ ^^atrice. Nebr. HO 


WORLD'S BEST Pediereed healthieet, 
heaviest milkers. Goldsborough's Ooatery, 
Mohnton. Pa. tfbm 




MINERAL RODS on money back guarantee 
if not satisfied. Mention this magazine when 
answering this ad. T. D. Robinson, Dept. 11, 
Box 68, Elgin, Texas. 80 


Rose Comb Black Bantams. Rabbits reason- 
able. M. S. Goodfellow, Hanover, Pa^ tff 


PEAFOWL for sale. Folder 10c. Long 
Bran <h Farm. South Boston Va. 82 


WHITE KINGS. Pairs $3. Large orders 

less. Double profits over chickens. Milton Call, 

Mocksville. N. C HO 


RELIABLE M.VN 40 wants steady work on 
poultry farm. Lawrence Kling. Gen. Del.. 
Grand Haven, Mich. 80 

YOUNG M.VN. experienced, desires poultry 

position. Mer vi n Fritz, F reela nd. Penna. 80 


BROODERS. FEEDERS. Waterers. other 
supplies. Write requirements. Bargains. 
Keilco, Hankins. N. Y. 84 


PRINTING at lowest prices. Free cuts of 
any breed. Economic Press, Leonia, N. J. 80 

500 WHITEBOND Letterheads. Envelopes 
or Business Cards. $1.75. Webster's Printerie. 

Farmland. Indiana. ^ 80 


RABBIT HUTCH — Sanitary, odorless, and 
self-cleaning. Will prevent disease. Endorsed 
by experts. Complete plans, etc., $1.00. 
Everybodys Poultry Magazine, Hanover, 

STANDARD Rabbit Journal, Milton. Pa., 
Year $1.00; 2 months Dime; Sample 5c. tfe 

RABBITS and Supplies. Descriptive litera- 
ture. Albert Facey, Inc., 115 E. Valley Stream. 
New York. tfbn 

Zealand Whites — Standard Chinchillas. Pedi- 
greed and registrable. All ages, healthy, 
vigorous, fully guaranteed. Priced right. Alys 
Johnston Co mpany. Polo. 111. 80e 


Kress. Orefield, P a. HO 


and Chicks. Write for Illustrated Catalog 
Telling How to Raise Ducks for Profit. Ridg- 
way Duck Hatchery, LaRue, Ohio. 82 

WORLD FAMOUS Chick Book. Shows way 
to big profits. Describes Nichol's Master Bred 
flocks, made np of high production birds of 
World's famous heavy laying ancestry. 18 
best paying breeds. Stock, Chicks, Eggs. 
Write for free book. Nichol's Poultry Farm. 
Box Y. Monmouth, Illino is. 80bam 

SPECIAL SALE. Leading varieties. Chick- 
ens, ducks, geese, turkeys, guineas, pheasants, 
chicks, ducklings. Satisfaction guaranteed. 
Catalog free . Highland F arm. 8ellergville.Pa.81 

INDIAN VALLEY Poultry Farm and Hatch- 
ery prices. Barred Rocks eggs 3c, chicks 9c. 
White or BuflF Leghorns eggs 2^c. chicks 7c. 
Crossed Breeds eggs 2 Vic, chicks 7c. M. 
Bronze Turkeys eggs 80c, chicks 60c. M. 
Toulouse Geese eggs 30c, chicks 90c. M. 
Pekin Ducks eggs 8c, chicks 20c. White Mus- 
covys eggs 8c, chicks 25c. Pearl or White 
Guineas eggs 8c. chicks 20c. Free literature 
on turkey raising, also 200 bushels extra nice 
field seed corn 4c lb. Sample free. L. B. 
Ritt enh ou se.JFl^ .Telford. Pa. 83bin 

HATCHING EGGS from unusually fine 
Mottled Anconas, and choice Buff Leghorns 
at $1.50 per 15. G. H. Hubbard, Lock Haven, 
Pa . 80 

TURK ENS — 15 eggs $2.00; 30. $3.00. John 
Spencer^^ IliJaliro. Til. HO 


Holland Breeders. Also Eggs and Poults. 
Prize winning stock. Sheckler's Turkey Farm, 
Nevada. Ohio. HO 

HIGH CLASS Breeding Stock. Bourbons. 
Hollands, Bronze. Narragansetts. Kempley 
Turkey Ranch, Montello. Wis. 80 

diana State Champions, 1st prize winners In- 
ternational Chicago. Stock, eggs. Mrs. O. S. 
Dooley, Danvill e. Ind. "1 

GIANT BR^>NZE Turkey from bloodtested 
stock. Price reasonable. Write for catalog on 
Poults and Eggs. Winnecunnet Turkey Farm, 
largest i n New E n {Hand. N orton. Mass. 82 

WHITEIioLLANDS. Breeders, eggs. ^>oult8 
for sal e. Mrs. Hom e r Price. Newark. Ohio. 81 

CHOICE BRONZE. Reasonable. L. Hen- 
shaw. Box 1024, Uuiontown. Pa. 80 


Giant Bronze and Bourbon Red — Extra 
Size — Excellent vigor — good layers- 
write for catalog and attractive priced 
on Steelman's Hi-Quality Poults. Free 
instruction on Turkey Raising. 

Box 425 Lansdale, Pa. 

TURKEYS — Pure-bred Mammoth Bronte, 
Bourbon Red, Narragansett and White Hol- 
land hens, toms. Unrelated pairs and trios. 
Walter Bros., Powhatan Point, Ohio. 80 

national winners, stock, eggs, poults. Virginia 
certified baby chicks. Booklet. Hylton Poultry 
Farms, Orange, Va. 81 

BRONZE BABY TURKEYS. Largest raiseri 
and producers in Middle West. 100, UOO year- 
ly. Literature free. Maplecrest "Turkey Farm, 
Box 3. Wellman, Iowa. 80 

LARGE TYPE Narragansett and Bourbon 
Red Turkeys. Reasonable prices on stock and 
eggs. Cecil Laughman. Dunraven, N. Y. 81 

GOLD MINT STRAIN Mammoth Bronse 
Turkeys. Eggs, Poults. Paul Owen, Box K, 
North Los Angeles, Calif. 82 

FINE UTILITY Bronze Turkeys, breeding 
stock, hatching eggs, baby poults. Prices very 
reasonable. Quality high. It will pay you to 
get our prices. Visitors always welcome. D. 
R. Abel & Son, 44 11th Ave.. York. Pa. 80 

THOUSANDS BRONZE poults, 1932 season 
50c each, lot-s 20 or more. Bird and Shelton 
blood, Ist prize winner St. Louis. Also started 
turks, breeding stock and eggs. Woollums 
Turkey Farm, Unionville. Mo. 80 

EDOEWOOD BRONZE — Hardy northM-n 
turkeys, extra size and vigor. International 
winners, Michigan champions. Mrs. Edgar 
Case. Benzonia, Michigan. 80 

Stock. Eggs, Pens. Headed by Spot Toms. 
Rainbow Tails. Mrs. T. J. Moore, Clarksburg, 
Mo. SO- 

MILLER'S GIANT BRONZE — 1300 superb * 
breeders. Folder free. Mrs. G. Luther Miller, 
W^iseland Farm, Keezletown, Virginia. SO- 
GIANT BRONZE Poults and Eggs. Reason- 
able. Exhibition and utility. Otto Henneke, 
Owensville. Mo. 80 - 

Breeders, eggs, poults. Unconditionally guar- 
anteed. Sheaffer's Turkey Farm, Elizabeth- 
town. Pa. 81 

BRONZE TURKEY EGGS and Poults from 
Blue Ribbons and Champion Sto<'k. Gras- 
berger's Turkey Farm, Bumpass. Virginia. 82 

MAMMOTH BRONZE Turkey Eggs. 35c 
each; Poults 60c each from prize winning, 
large, strong vigorous stock. Grandview Tur- 
key Farm, Waterford. Conn. 80 

BEST BRONZES in Southeast for meat, 
eggs or show. Poults, eggs. Thomas Brothers, 
Clover. 8. 0. 80 

20.000 BRONZE POULTS, 30 to 50c. W. 
W. Redinger, Ridgeway. Mo. 81 

eggs. Four dollars dozen. Thirty dollars hun- 
dred. Postpaid. Robbins Ranch, Belvidere. 
Kansas. 80 

Eggs, hundred $25.00, Turks $55.00. Otto 
Peterson. Alden. Iowa. 81 

BOURBON RED Toms $8.00, $10.00, Mrs. 
Vincent Bur d en. A lban y. Illinois. 80 

MAMMOTH BRONZE. Breeders, poults and 
eggs. Leonard Goss, Station B, Route 1. 
Columbus. Ohio. 80 

reasonable. Satisfaction guaranteed. H. W. 
Anders on . Stewartstown. Pa. 81 

FAMOUS Silver-lad Narragansetts. Ekk». 
poults. Mr s. Denny Johnson^^ Fayette. Mo. 81 



HANSONS S. C. White Leghorns. E«« 
$6.00 hundred prepaid. Eugene Sutton, Free- 
land, Md. HObm 


Send 10c (can be 5 two cent stamps) and 
we will send you postage paid this book 
tiiat will tell you how to make an added 
profit to your poultry keeping. Simple in 
Btructions. The book is in its 25th edition. 
Get your copy now. Ask anyone who has 
raised Capons what they think about it. 
Raise Capons and make extra profits. 
EVERYBODYS, Box 286, Hanover, Pa. 


Good Books That Will Help You 

Judging Poultry for Production 

By James £. Rice, Goldan O. Hall, and 
Dean R. Marble. Clearly and in detail the 
authors e.xplain the most modern prin- 
ciples of production judging, and describe 
the recently develoi)ed methods of 
culling the farm flock, selecting commer- 
cial layers and breeders, culling and se- 
lecting" pullets and cockerels, judging 
birds for meat production, judging eggs 
and babv chicks, etc fJ.') pase.s. Ilhi.->- 
triit.'d. Cloth binding. Price $3.75 

Practical Poultry Management 

By James E. Rice and H. E. Botsford 
both of Cornell Univer.sity. You will find 
•Rice and Botsf.rd" full of practical 
hints that will yield rich dividends. The 
most recent findings of scientific research, 
invention, and experience are presented 
iu simple, clear English that will appeal 
to the poultryman who wants quick re 
suits. One of our best sellers. 540 pages. 
:il!» illustrations. .Second Edition. Cloth 
binding. Price $2.75 

Practical Poultry Farming 

By J. M. Hurd of Cornell University. 
New book, revised 1931. A book of up-to- 
date poultry information. One of our lead- 
ing sellers. The only book with a table 
showing the vitamin contents of poultry 
feeds. 42H pages, 150 illustrations, bound 
in doth. Price $2.50 

Battery Brooding 

By Milton H. Amdt. Step by step, and 
detail by detail, this new book presents 
the whole subject, explains underlying 
principles; emj)hasizes important iiractical 
points in building and equipping battery 
brooder houses, heating, lighting, venti- 
lating and managing them; goes into 
minute detail as to care of the birds from 
start to finish; warns against common 
mistakes; and suggests ways of saving 
labor time, feed and money. Illustrated. 
320 pages. Cloth binding. Price $2.00 

Poultry Science and Practice 

By Roy H. Walte, University of Mary- 
land. Complete, interesting and up-to-date. 
All the newer findings of poultry science 
are carefullv treated. Plenty of illustra- 
tions and tables. 30 pages index for cross 
reference a most comjilete book on i)Oultry 
husbandry; 6x9 ins., 430 pages; cloth 
bound. Price $3.50 

Poultry Husbandry 

By Dr. M. A. Jull, Chief Poultryman of 
the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. Just pub- 
lished in 1930. An encyclopedia of poultry 
facts, written by a national authority. All 
phases of poultry are covered, mating and 
breeding treated in a most thorough man- 
ner. Book has extensive index and refer- 
ence list. 639 pages. 6x9 inches, weli 
illustrated, bound in blue cloth. Price 

Practical Poultry Production 

By Lamon and Kinghome. Uses simple 
language and is easily understood; ex- 
plains every phase of the p<mltry business 
brieflv and contains a multitude of facts 
and details. Excellent a» a text book for 
beginners. Tells how to manage poultry 
profttablv. 368 pages. 300 illustrations, 
cloth binding. Price $2.00 

Canary Birds 

By D. L. Burkett. This is a complete 
guide for the breeding, rearing and treat 
ment of canarv bids in health and di- 
sease. Hints and suggestions regarding 
cages, aviaries, etc.. etc. Price $0.80 

Poultry Diseases and Their 

By Dr. B. F. Kaupp, national authority ; 
a most complete and relial)le treatise on 
poultry diseases, giving description and 
treatment of every disease to which poul- 
try is subject. All based on laboratory 
tests and postmortems. Cloth bound, illus- 
trated, 342 pages. Price $3.50 

Standard of Perfection 

Published by the American Poultry As- 
sociation and the only recognized author- 
ity. Followed bv all judges in all poultry 
shows in the U. S. and Canada, and by 
all successful breeders. 

Describes the shape and color of every 
section of every variety of Standard-bred 
fowls, turkeys, ducks, geese, and bantams. 

Latest revised edition. 500 pages, over 
200 wonderful illustratons of perfect 
fowls, perfect and defective sections 
feather patterns, etc. Study this book and 
know the quality and value of your fowls 
Cloth Binding $2.50; Leather Binding 

Mating and Breeding of Poultry 

By Lamon and Slocum. This book is 
often called "The Key to the Standard." 
It has separate chapters on the mating 
and breeding of each breed and variety 
Invaluable for the fancier and specialty 
breeder. 366 pages, cloth bound, nicely 
illustrated. Price $2.50 

Ducks and Geese 

By Lamon and Slociuu. One of the most 

complete, practical and helpful books on 
the popular subjects of Ducks and Geese 
ever written. Chapters on varieties, hatch- 
ing, brooding, diseases, marketing, etc. 
Whether but few or many ducks or geese 
ar« raised, this book will serve as an in- 
dispensable guide and manual. Illustrated. 
262 pages. Cloth binding. Price $2.00 

Rabbits for Food and Fur 

By Frank G. Ashbrook. The growth of 
rabbit raising, possibilities in raising rab- 
bits, liow to make a start, location of the 
rabbitry, and choosing a breed, all arc- 
discussed in this book. The care and feed- 
ing of the doe and her litter, and the 
fattening of the young for market are all 
given in detail. The killing, dressing, and 
marketing of the rabbits, advising how to 
dispose of the meat to the best advantage 
and the greatest profits are discussed 
Also excellent recipes for cooking rabbit 
meat. Illustrated. 212 pages; cloth bind- 
ing. Price $2.00 

Judging Poultry 

By Lamon and Kinghome. .lust of! the 
press; practically the only book on this 
subject. Intended as a guide to those who 
want to qualify as poultry judges, either 
by score card or comparison. Illustrated 
with many photos, and charts. Cloth bind- 
ing. Price $2.50 

Book of Poultry 

By Thos. McOrew, with 58 colored 
plates by Kdw. Megargee. The only poul 
try text book with colored illustrations. 
A beautiful book, excellent for reference 
purposes. The text covers a discussion of 
the breeds and varieties, poultry judging, 
mating and breeding, general management. 
61u pages. 6x0 inches, large type, hand- 
somely bound iu red cloth. Price $5.00 

Marketing Poultry Products 

By Earl W. Benjamin. This unique book 
covers such subjects as Quality of Eggs 
Grading, Packing and Shipping of Eggs; 
Quality and Prej)arations of Poultry. Ship- 
ping and Grading of Poultry; Preservation 
of Eggs and Poultry; Distribution: Co- 
operative Enterprises. Prices and Market 
Re:>orts; Advertising and Selling; Govern- 
mental Regulations. 330 pages. 132 illus- 
trations, :n tables. 7 colored charts. Cloth. 
Price $3.50 

Turkey Production 

By L. E. Cline, a complete text on 
breeding, feeding, handling, marketing and 
disease control. This new book on the 
turkey industry is the result of several 
years study and close association with 
turkey production on a large scale. The 
book includes twenty-nine chapters and 
ninety illustrations covering all phases of 
the industry in a scientific and practical 
manner. .Vbsolutely new and authentic. Nr 
turkey raiser, either e.xperienced or begin- 
ner, can afford to be without this book 
Profuselv illustrated. 320 pages. Cloth 
binding.Price $3.00 

Squabs For Profit 

By William E. Rice and William E. Cox. 
This is the most comi)lete and exhaustive 
work of the kind ever published on squab 
raising. Every detail of the methods of se- 
lecting, breeding, feeding, killing and mar- 
keting squabs is given in jdain. simple 
language with numerous illustrations. The 
I)lans and specifications for building, etc.. 
are as complete as an expert architect 
could make them. Illustrated. 150 pages. 
Price $1.10 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine. 

Bantams Down to Date 

By Joseph Shakespeare, noted English 
fancier. The newest and most complete 
bantam book on the market. A chapter for 
each variety. 256 pages, 30 chapters. 115 
illustrations, cloth. Price $2.00 

American Rabbit Culture 

America's newest and finest rabbit book 
for beginners and advanced breeders. The 
last word on rabbit breeding. Facts — not 
lheorie.s — written by Albert E. Facey, Jr., 
nationally known authority, breeder and 
judge. Price, paper, $1.00; cloth, $2.00. 

Poultry Feeds and Feeding 

By Lamon and Lee. The book covers the 
science of poultry feeding — discusses 
poultry feeds, the whole list available — 
gives the rations for each class of poultry 
— compares the rations on test and poul- 
try yard. A real guide and manual for the 
feeding of all kinds of poultry. Illustrated. 
273 pages. Price $1.75 

A to Z of Pigeons 

By Dietz. 154 page book on fancy and 
utility pigeons. All about standard va 
rieties. housing, care of young, market of 
squabs, etc. Paper bound $1.00. Cloth 

Lilac Culture 

By J. C. Wlster. This subject is pre- 
sented from the point of view of the aver- 
age gardener. Soils, culture, propagation, 
varieties are all treated. Price $1.25 

The Dahlia 

By L. K. Peacock. .V practical treatise 
on the habits, characteristics, cultivation 
and history oif the dahlia. A book which 
everyone can read and enjoy, and which 
no grower, large or small, can do with- 
out Price $1.25 

Hanover, Penna. 





ON Food for Bary Chicks 

SOOO Chickn Frown Ant€*rU*a''H Greatent Production Contest Hens 

FREE to Users of This Vitamin-Compiete^ 
^iineral'Wialaneed FOOD 

Only the rifsht feod can fiivc baby c-hicks 
the ri^ht start. Pratt^ Riiltermilk Baby 
Chick dMMl is iniiieral-balaiice<l and 
complete in all vitamins. The ne\> ly dis- 
covered mineral balance that means 
better digestion, faster de- 
velopment and less le^ weak- 
ness, ^'slip|>ed tendon"* an<I 
other troubles — A and B, the 
growth and health vitamins 
— and very important, sun- 
shine Vitamin D — all are in 
every bag. 

Every little muscle of a 
chick must be nourished if 
a profitable e(£g record is 
to start in the Fall, tiny 
bones developed into sturdy 

Thai Imporlanf 

.>la(l«>r of 
iironvintl Mawh 

Thmtartitifc fuud'tt 
job is over in tv»<> 
Mt^kii or HO. Tlii-n 
rapid hrultliy 
fcrowth dr|M-iiclHon 
the growiriK muHli. 
U e r e (- n III ni r n d 
IVallH Rutlermilk 
(> r f> w i n K !V1 u «> h 
Mliirh JM aloo min- 
eral balaiK-ed and 
vitamin complete. 

ru^^ed frames, stamina built into 
the nervous system, and puod rich 
IiIcmkI supplied to the eg^- making or- 
gans. There are over a dozen painstak- 
infsly chosen ingredients in Pratts, care- 
fully blended into a nourish- 
ing, appetizing, complete 
f(MNl to supply all the many 
needs of baby chicks. 

Hundreds of thousands of 
poultry men depend on 
Pratts^year after year. Be 
guided by their wisdom. See 
your dealer. 

We want users of Pratt 
Feeds to have the finestbirds 
in the country. Therefore, 
5000 Pratt Experiment Farm 

Barred R«M-k and S. C. White Leghorn 
Chicks are olTer«'d FREE in a contest 
here described. Every bird is a dire<'t 
descendant of Contest Hens with 
Oflicial Records of 223 to over 300 eggs. 
This is an opportunity of a lifetime 
to introdu«'e high-producing hl<MMl 
lines into voiir flock. 


Buttermilk Baby Chick Fdod 

Mineral Balanced • Vitamin Complete ^S At the Lowest hice in History 





1 Prize of 100 chicks. 

3 Prises of 75 chicks. 

6 Pri7«8 of 50 chicks. 

175 Prizes of 25 chicks. 

Duplicate prises to be awarded in 
a tie. 

Contest Rules 

1 . Contest is open to any old or new user of 
Pratts Buttermilk Baby Chick Food, except 
employees of the Pratt Food Company and 
their relatives. 

2. Send us a simple statement telling whv 
you use Pratts Buttermilk Baby Chick 
Food. Use no more than 50 words. The 
shorter the better. The thought counts, not 
the grammar. 

3. Include with your statement the white 
"Guaranteed .Analysis" square (or facsimile 
of it) from a 50 lb. or 100 lb. bag of Pratts 
Buttermilk Baby Chick Food. 

4. Contest closes April 30th. 

5. Free chicks will be shipped to the winners 
not later than May 15th. The names of 
winners will be posted in the stores of all 
Pratt Dealers. 


Mr. F. L. Piatt, Editor. Amer. Pitry Jri. 
Mr. James T. Huston, Editor, Everybody's 

Poultry Magazine 
Mr. O. A. Hanke, Editor, Poultry Tribune 
Mr. M.J.Sue, Poultry Writer, Philadelphia 

Pratts also offer a Buttermilk ALL-MASH STARTER AND GROWER for those who prefer this method of feeding 


APRIL 1931 



VOLUME xxxvii 




SCHOOL er ts-mmnA 

m ^mmm statiok 

1« mniiHkm STATf noLiEgj 



Know What Good Eggs Are! * Nickerson 


What Kind of Puriets 
Wirr Your Chicks Be? 

Back of your chicks may be the best breeding. 
Yet next fall they can be pullets either small in 
frame, under weight and still living off of you ; or 
big framed, fully developed, laying and paying. 
Here on this page are birds typical of both types. 
They are of the same breeding and the same hatch 
— but what a difference at pullet age! Feeding 
made that difference. One got Ingredient "X" 
(properly blended or syn-cron-ized proteins). The 
other one didn't. 

In this year of economy, cut short the unproduc- 
tive period from o^gg to egg. See that your chicks 
gctlngredienf'X" by starting them on PurinaChick 
Startena and growing them on Purina Chick 
Growena. Six years of experimenting at the 
Purina Laboratories and Purina Farm put Ingre- 
dient "X" in both of these feeds to give your chicks 
extra growth, extra feathering, and full develop- 
ment of the ^gg organs for early fall and all- 
winter laying, 

Startena gets your chicks off to a flying start. 
Growena builds them big inward and outward. 
Your pullets will lay big eggs. They'll lay early and 
often at the time prices are highest! 


819 Checkerboard Square ... St. Louis, Mo. 

"-"":,:!- a.. 




APRIL 1932 

VOL. 37 - NO. 4 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine 

Issued the first of each month by Everybodys Poultry Magazine 
Publishing Company, Inc., Hanover, Pennsylvania 

in this issue 

Chicken Pen-injjs 168 

r?n<«k to the Farm — and TTons 169 

Wii.LARD C. Thompson 

Know What Oood Efjjra Are! 170 


Are Yon fJiiilty of Manapemont Errors? 171 

Harry R. liEwis 

A One Family Poultry Farm 172 


A riiallenjie to the March of Time 173 

Irving KAtrnER 

Is Your Breeding Practice Sound ? 174 

John H. Robinson 

Everybodys News Pictorial 175 

Editorial 176 

Your Poultry Partner 


Women in the Home and on the Farm 184 

Aunt Sally 

Hints to Poultry Raisers — April 186 

Everybodys Turkey Department 200 

Index to Ouarantccd Advertisers on page 168 

('. N. MvERS, Prrxidrnt 
Jas. T. Huston, Mny. Editor Jonx H. Robin.son, Editor 

R. B. Alleman, Sccy.-Trcas. Harry U. Lewis, Asso. Editor 


Jas. T. Huston. Jr. Louis Paul Gkauam Sara Reitz 
WiLLARi) C. Thompson D. Q. Grabill A. W. Carpenter 

Wmtcru Adrrrtisiiif/ RrprcKrntntivr 

H. C. Wheeler. 400 North >Iiihi};an Avenue. Chieaso. 111. 

Eastern AdrcrtiaiiKj Ifcprescntntirc 

A. H. BiLLiXdSLEA. 101 Park Avenue, New York I'ity 

Entered at the Post OIBce at Hanover, Pa. 
April iBt, 1015, aa Second Class Matter 

The Publisher's Comer 

• "Hints to Poultry Raisers" is an 
added department, starting with 
this issue. That Associate Editor 
Willard C. Thompson will direct 
this feature is sufficient to assure 
Everyhodys readers that these 
"monthly hints" will be valuable 
to every poultry raiser. 

• As a poultryman, set a good 
example yourself in this problem 
of increased consumption of eggs 
and poultry meat by seeing to it 
that your own family increase 
their consumption. Talk the value 
of eggs as a staple food at every 
opportunity. The fellow who manu- 
factures cigars and smokes cigar- 
ettes is not a booster for his own 

• Everybodys readers, in ever in- 
creasing numbers, are taking ad- 
vantage of our service department, 
which is in direct charge of the 
editorial staff. Your questions and 
problems will always have the 
careful consideration of those 
qualified to lend advice and be of 
help to yon. 

• Well, we got some winter after 
all here in the southern part of 
Pennsylvania. The only snow of 
the season arrived on Sunday, 
March 6th and stuck for two full 
weeks with near zero weather. 
Roads were impassable for several 
days with both telephone and tele- 
graph lines out of commission. 

• By the way, won't you check up 
on time your subscription to 
Everybodys has to run? If it ex- 
pires with this month, next, or the 
next, then send in your remittance 
promptly. We will extend from 
date of present expiration for time 
covered by your remittance. 

• In writing advertisers, we will 
greatly appreciate your stating, 
"I read your advertisement in 
Everybodys Poultry Magazine." 

J. T. H. 




Chicken Pen-ings 

Robert R. Parks, son of J. W. 
Parks of Altoona, Pa., one of Amer- 
ica's best and most favorably known 
breeders of Barred Plymouth Rocks, 
has been selected as editor of "The 
Pennsylvania Poultryman." Robert 
Parks is a graduate of last year's 
class in Poultry Husbandry and Jour- 
nalism at Pennsylvania State College. 

For a young man to have pro- 
gressed so far and his ability recog- 
nized, can surely be of satisfaction 
not only to Robert, but to that fine 
Dad of his whose life work has been 
devoted to the breeding of poultry. 
We congratulate you, Robert. 

The Canadian Department of 
Agriculture in its Egg and Poultry 
Market Review, March 5, reported 
egg production generally somewhat 
light and no prospect of immediate 
increase. Some of the Prairie Pro- 
vinces were struggling with 36 below 
zero weather. 

Our sympathy is extended the 
family of Claud Irons of Linesville, 
P«., in the death of their son, Charles 
W, Irons, who was fatally injured 
while engaged in his duties at the 
plant of the Linesville Hatchery on 
March 5th. Mr. Irons was only 23 
years old — a graduate of Ohio North- 
ern University — an outstanding 
young man in his devotion to the in- 
terests of the business and community. 

Subscription Rates 

Tlir-e Tears 50 .singla Cnple* ... lOe 

12 Months TrUl .. .25 Bark Copied 20c 

Rates to Canada 

One Tear $100 Thre» Te»r» ... $2.50 

Change of Address 

If you change ]ro*ir addreis, rl*e hott) your 
old and new addrria wh«n you notl^ ua of 
the rhanjw. 


Be Kira and itaU whether ymjr Mbaerlptlao 

in a new one ur renewal. 

Advertising Rates 

Dlaplay adTentsinc rat*^ furnished go re- 

?iUMt. Clasilflrd advertising ratM are alwayi 
oii»d on first pa«e of cla.iilflH adTert|g<>mant« 
In each Itsue. uxrether with order blank. 

How to Remit 

Hake all reminanoea to E^eryhodyi Poultry 
Hagazlna. Hanover. Pa. 

An English dealer in eggs was 
recently fined seven pounds (about 
$35.00) for removing the marks of 
foreign eggs and restamping them 
"English new laid." 

The Bureau of Economics of the U. 
S. Department of Agriculture's report 
on cold storage holdings in the coun- 
try on March 1 shows the poultry 
situation about the same as a year 
ago. Total of all kinds of poultry was 
96,404,000 pounds compared with 
95,188,000 a year ago, and a five 
year average of 110,091,000. It is 
significant that the excess this year 
over last is largely accounted for by 
greater supplies of broilers, roasters, 
and turkeys which are the highei 
priced kinds of poultry. The greatest 
reduction is in fowls which were 
8,345,000 pounds against 19,576,000 
last year and a five year average of 
16,066,000. Total holdings of eggs, and canned were equivalent to 
2,179,000 cases, against 2,519,000 
last vear. 

Investigations of the egg trade in 
Chicago by the poultry department 
of the Illinois State University in- 
dicated that the city could use more 
Illinois eggs than are now supplied it. 
there being a decided preference for 
nearby eggs at a good premium over 
the general trade supply. According 
to custom established years ago Illi- 
nois egg .shippers have sent the bulk 
of the eggs of that state to eastern 
markets, and Chicago has been largely 
supplied from farther west. 

Our home state, Pennsylvania, has 
moved up several steps since the last 
government census. We now rank first 
of all states in value of market eggs 
produced — $43,000,000. 

The U. S. Bureau of Agrricultural 
Economics, basing estimates on re- 
turns on the flocks of its crop re- 
porters, and excluding commercial 
flocks, puts the number of hens in the 
country at 4-5 per cent less than a 
Please turn to page 198 

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Allen Ca, W. F. ." 185 

AUimtnura Marker Works 18J 

American Mushroom Industrie* 185 

Arndt. Milton H 193 

.Mlpgan Seed and Nurserr Co. 185 

Beck's Hatchery 19S 

Bird Bros 19S, 2fln 

Bloomer Bron. Co 187 

Brown Fence A Wire Co. 192 

Beck. R L 195 

Booth Minorca Farms 197 

Bo.)tli Farms 189 

Bowden. Sherman and Son 191 

Burrell-DugRer Co 193 

Carpenter Co W. 3 197 

Conkey Co.. O. B 188 

Crown Iron Worki Oo 182 

Chlc-Tone Co 183 

Elracroft Breedlne Farm* 187 

Ell7.ahethto«n Poultry Farm 197 

F^benshade Turkey Farm 200 

ETerard-Morrts Co 200 

EagU Hatchery 190 

Ferris. Geo. B 188 

Fishing Creek Poultry Farm 187 

Farm Service 1S« 

Faoey, Albert K.. Jr 186 

Falrport Poultry Farm 199 

Oolden Rule Hatchery 189 

Hall Brother! 181 

Hauck Mfg. Co 197 

nilnols Hatchery 181 




Johnston Co.. Alya .. 
Jayt)eeirefl Farm* . . . . 
.leffreys Turkey Farm 

Kerlln's OrandTle 
Kerr Chlckeries 
Kauder. Irrlng . 

Pwiltry Farm 


. ... 180 
, ... 18« 

Tiewta Farm* 19S 

Lord Farms 194 

I/owry, rJeo . Poultry Farm 197 

IjeHdw Farms 198 

TiOc<i»t Oro»e Poiiltrr Farm 191 

Tyiitz. Fdwa'd C. Pmiltry Farm 187 

I.4inca.<«tpr Farm* Hutr+iwy 179,181 

IjTtun Blm Hatrtierles i87 

Lln««»llle Hatchery 191 

T.antii Hatdiery 198 

I>edeTle lAhoratorlet 192 

Limestone Produots Corp 18? 

Myer«, C N 189 

Merck and Co. . . 188 

Moeller Inrtrument Oo 182 

Missouri Poultry Farm IM 

Maple Lawn Farms 199 

National Poultry Band Ob 198 

Nunda Poultry Farm 199 

Outdoor Enterprlae Co It6 

Oyster Shell Products Oorp. ITS 

Pratt Food Oo 199. oattlda back aoy«r 

Parks 'ind Sons, J. W 188 

Pennsylvania Poultry Farm 1»7 

P'irlna Mills 9)1, Inside front oerer 

Potter PoTilrry Farm 198 

Plymouth Rock Squah Oo. I9i 

Peerless Chemical Cto 189 

Roaelawn Poultry Farm ITT 

Redhird Farm 188 

Rlh Stone Concreta Oorp 188 

Relman, M. M 100 

Smiley Farms 190 

Seldelfon Farraa IRT 

Stoen Poultry Farm 
Steelman Poultry Farm* 
Btrerk, Mrs. C.eo. M. ... 
ShenRndi>ah Mfc Co. . . 
Smith Bros. Hatcheriei . 


Tredlnnock Farm 195 

Tobacco By-Products and Chanalcal Corpi. 191 

Thomwood Poiiltry Tardi 181 

Tovnisend and Sons. E. W 185 

I'lsh Poultry Farm 190 

Uniform Products Co 182 

Wene Chick Farma 188 

Wilson's Poultry Farm 197 

Wolfe's Poultry Farm 198 

Wegatepa Farms 180 

Tounc Co.. E. C ITS 

Everybodys Poultry Magazine 

Teaching Practical Science and Scientific Practice; Promoting QoodwilU 
Harmony, and Confidence; Building Better, Bigger Business 

Back To The Farm— And Hens 


Poultry farming is most 
attractive to the rural" 
minded city dweller, and 
can become a profitable 
enterprise if the proper 
precautions are taken. 

DOWN deep inside of almost 
all people there lurks some 
sort of love of out of doors 
and the things that are associated 
with life in the country that 
sooner or later comes to the sur 
face and at least makes such 
people yearn to 'get back to the 
farm'. During times of economic 
distress, such as we are passing 
through and have been for several 
months now, countless hundreds 
of people come suddenly to a 
realization that they possess that 
love of the country, and they hope 
that possibly 'back to the farm' 
may be an answer to their present 
difficulties and a hope for better 
times in the future. 

In very many instances this 
thought of getting back to the 
farm takes the form of looking up 
the possibilities of poultry and egg 
farming. Hundreds of city 
dwellers have been to see me dur 
ing the past few months, asking 
all the same question, and that is 
'What about the chances of our 
making a living in poultry keep 
ing?' Most of them admit to a 
longing of years standing to get 
into chicken raising. They like 
poultry, always have. They have 
some savings to put into it. They 
have dependents and no job. 

What answer should we give to 
these people? We should recognize 
their dead seriousness of inten- 

tion. They are anxious to tind 
something which will enable them 
to earn a livelihood. They really 
want to know if they should em 
bark into the poultry business at 
this time. There is no more ini 
portant question to be answered 
than this one raised by the count 
less prospective poultrymeu who 
are right now looking toward the 
poultry farm as their possible 
'back to the farm' movement. 

Most of these peo])le have lia<l 
little experience in the raising of 
poultry for profit. Most of tliem 
have had few oi)portunities to 
learn the ins and outs of the busi 
ness. they have little education in 
poultry and egg production, well 
as they may be versed along other 
lines. Most of them are looking 
toward poultry farming as a pos 
sibility for the future because of 
scarcity of finances now, and s<; 
most of them have little capital 
to offer as a means of getting inti; 
the poultry business on a paying 
basis. These three facts, and they 
must not be overlooked, have an 
important bearing on the case. 

In the tirst place, then, it must 
be pointed out that (a) knowledge 
of poultry breeding, housing, feed 
ing, and management is absolutely 
essential to success in commercial 
poultry and egg farming— it must 
be gained, if not possessed — things 
don't just happen in poultry farm 
ing, they are brought about 
through well planned manage 
ment, (b) experience is an indis 
pensible teacher, and without it 
the nc»vice in this enterprise 
should not expect to venture into 
the industry nu»re than a little 
ways: tliat is, he must be content 
to start in a small way and work 
up, gaining experience as he goes, 
and (c) that it takes money to 
make money in poultry farming 


City men and tcomen both derive an 

almost unbelievable enjoyment from 

the environment of poultry. 

just the same as it does in other 
types of business. 

The novice must be disabused of 
the idea that one has a reasonably 
good chance of making a living in 
poultry and egg farming even if 
he has little education along that 
line, practically no experience, 
and very limited capital. 

The poultry industry has room 
in it for those who have good busi 
ness sense, willingness to work 
hard, pay attention to an intinite 
number of small details, for of 
such is modern pt)ultry and egg 
farming made up, and a desire to 
study and learn. In outlining 
answers for countless ambitiout? 
Please turn to page 190 


(jQ^ are much more than 
just something 
with shells around them. 
High quality eggs are a deli- 
cious and concentrated food. 

Inferior hens, poorly housed 
and fed, lay "fresh" eggs. 

If these eggs reach you in 
a few days they rate as 
"new laid." 

The terms "Fresh and New 
Laid" indicate very desirable 
qualities in eggs, but do not 
necessarily mean the best. 

• •t 

Real high quality eggs are 
produced by good hens in 
clean houses and nests, and 
the best of food is needed to 


produce (1) a well colored 
yolk — rich in fats, (2) a firm 
white — easy to beat or poach, 
and (3) a tough shell to pro- 
tect the fine food it contains. 

• •• 

When you buy food in glass 
or tins you can be sure that 
exposure to dust, odors, and 
temperature variations has 
not changed the quality of 
food in the package. Eggs, on 
the sthcr hand, are a highly 
perishable product and should 
be treated as such. The shell 
is porous and allows the con- 
tents to dry out if kept in a 
warm, dry place. 

Eggs will absorb the od^ 
of onions, apples, and otK 
foods, if stored near tbemT 

If eggs are fertile, the incu- 
bation process will start at a 



"Sicker »on educates 
his new customers to 
good eggs hy enclosing 
a little four page pamph- 
let on "What Good Eggs 
Are", the cover and inside 
pages of which are shotcn 
here, in each carton. 

Know What Good Eggs Are! 


You cannot expect to 
create much of a demand 
for quality eggs unless 
you can prove to your 
customers the advantages 
over ordinary eggs. 

WITH pood roads almost 
everywhere and very 
fast and inexpensive 
transportation owned by most of 
us, we are very much nearer many 
things than we used to be. Not 
many miles or minutes from each 
of US there is opportunity to sell 
poultry and poultry products to 
the man or woman who will pre- 
pare them for the table. 

Opportunity has been pictured 
as knocking once at every man's 
door. That practice has been 
abandoned, due to changed con- 
ditions, and opportunity now 
holds continuous open house. We 
must do the knocking and the man 
in overalls with a week's growth 
of beard may feel embarrassed by 
the snappy crowd in opportunity's 
waiting room. 

People want good things to eat 
and the slogan. "Direct from the 
Farm,'' may sell to many of them 
the first time. After that, quality 
goods; attractiveness of package: 
reliability and promptness of de 
livery and the personality of the 
person who delivers the goods to 
the door, will hold vour customers 
and gain more of them. 

The boy who was explaining 
how he taught his dog to do so 
many tricks said, "First you gotta 
know more'n the dog." The pro- 
ducer who hopes to sell eggs or 
poultry meats to the cook or 
housewife must know what good 
eggs are, how to produce tlieni and 
the best ways to prepare them for 
the market. 

Kggs are much more tlian just 
something with shells around 
them. High quality eggs are a 
delicious and concentrated food 
containing all the elements nee<led 
to sustain life. Scrub hens, poorly 
housed and getting their food 
where they can tind it, lay fresh 
eggs. H these eggs reach the con 
sumer in a few days they are 
legally "fresh*' or "new laid''. 
Hetter food than the hens can find 
behind the barn is needed if they 
are to produce good eggs. Real 


high quality eggs can be produced 
only by good hens in comfortable 
houses provided with clean nests 
an<l the right food. 

The shell of an egg was not in- 
tended to be an air tight food con- 
tainer. It is. primarily, the pro- 
tective wall of a well ventilated 
nui'serv wherein for 121 davs the 

• « 

delicate jtrocesses of life unfold. 

We humans discovered that the 
food provided for the development 
of a baby chick was very good for 
us but it is unfortunate that we 
use the color of the shell as a 
guide in selecting the eggs for our 
use. The color of the egg shell has 
no connection with the food value 
of the egg. An egg is the part you 
eat. the shell is merely the con- 
tainer. You should know what a 
good egg is for very likely you will 
have to show your customer that 
there is a difference in eggs and 
convince them that good eggs are 
worth more money than poor ones. 

Very few people will buy 
shrunken vegetables or rot spotted 
fruit. Inferior quality in fruit or 
vegetables is easily seen by the 
buyer but what is inside the egg 
shell it not known to the consumer 
until the shell is broken. Here is 
Please turn to page 191 

Are You Guilty of Management Errors? 

Success depends as much 
on appreciating what not 
to do and not doing it, 
as upon what to do and 
doing it. 

LOW prices have always been 
the result of declining com- 
modity values in all lines of 
human endeavor. They are partly 
the result of the decreased pur 
chasing power of the consumer, 
which is a direct result of the 
general depression. They are the 
result also of an excessive volume, 
not so much due to over-produc- 
tion, but to underconsumption. 
The condition is so serious that 
poultry keepers will have to guard 
themselves diligently through 
greater care in operation and man- 
agement, and more thoughtfulness 
and judgment in the direction of 
the major operations of their 
business, if they are to succeed. 
Let us for a few minutes analyze 
some of the wrong ideas, let us 
call them "fallacies", in the opera 
tion oi any poultry business. 


At the head of the list comes the 
fallacy of believing efficiency ab 
aolutely depends upon operating 
at full capacity, especially in 
seasons like the present. Many 
operators will find it advantag 
eous to substantially reduce capa 
city, keeping fewer but better 
birds, being able as a result of 
reduced labor requirements to 
materially reduce the money spent 
for outside labor and likewise 
substantially reducing certain 
tixed operating expenses. Many 
operators have gone on the fallacy 
in seasons of low prices of ma 
terially increasing their capacity, 
tilling up with poor stock, or in 
feri«»r hatching eggs, in an eff«)rt 
to get a bigger turn-over in an 
effort to make more money there 
from. It is tnu' iliat un«lcr 

ordinary condition of season, sup- 
ply and demand, and prices, capa 
city production of any manufac- 
turing unit is desired, and the 
poultry business is nothing more 
nor less than a manufacturing 
enterprise. In seasons such as this, 
however, this rule does not hold 
true and one must use a great deal 
of judgment and business sagacity 
in planning the place and extent 
in which production can be cur- 
tailed and yet leave a greater 
operating profit. 

Requires Study 

Another fallacy in the operation 
of many poultry farms and in the 
minds of many poultry keepers is 
the modern belief that many 
mechanical aids to efficiency make 
it less necessary to observe all the 
ordinary rules of business. Too 
many poultry keepers, especially 
the newer ones who have just 
started in the business, take it for 
granted that modern appliances 
are fool-proof and they do not 
study the business in the detail 
and with the care that is required 
for success. For example, dosing' 
birds for intestinal parasites does 
not preclude the necessity of 
maintaining efficient sanitary 
brooding and rearing conditions 
in order to overcome possible in 
fection. Nor does the feeding of 
certain secondary feeds do away 
with the necessity of giving the 
flock proper housing conditions, 
and proper yards, so that they 
may have every advantage of sun- 
light and fresh air. 

Thus we might go on and 
enumerate dozens of examples 
where careful management and 
good judgment are required to go 
along hand and hand with modern 
aids to successful ]>oultry culture. 


Another fallacy in poultry keep 
ing is the often repeated statement 
that the diverse interests of poul 
try keepers are necessarily an- 
tagonistic. As a matter of fact, 
many poultry keepers find an 
opportunity to not (»nly manage 



their own poultry enterprise 
efficiently, but carry on some other 
line related or unrelated to poul 
try keeping, doing it successfully 
with no detrimental effects to the 
poultry operations. The ability to 
do this will depend in large part 
upon the man, upon the nature of 
his business and upon his ability 
to organize and direct others. 

The poultry business itself is a 
business of details, requiring in- 
timate knowledge of many 
sciences and a practical acquaint- 
ance with many different technical 
and mechanical operations in 
addition to those problems requir- 
ing judgment and experience such 
as feeding a flock. 

But in spite of all this, most 
poultry keei»ers will find it pos- 
sible to expand their income, live 
a fuller life and indirectly benefit 
their operations in the poultry 
line, by being interested in and 
Please turn to page 192 



Attractive dressing of poultry, 
for instance, may he one of the 
"little" things that tcill profit you 
to observe during thi» present 

In these days 

of rigid competition, low 
prices and surpluses, it is 
necessary for the poultry 
producer to study carefully 
his managerial problems in 
an eflFort through judicious 
planning and careful man- 
agement to cut costs, increase 
efficiency and secure maxi- 
mum revenue. 

A One Family Poultry Farm 


The possibilities and 
limitations on a poultry 
plant owned and man* 
aged by one man and 
operated by himself and 
his family 


EVEN million people out of 
work, bread and soup lines, 
possibly turned out of home 
because of no money to pay rent. 
Wonder if this thing is going to 
be a regular occurrence? Regard- 
less of what may be said of farm 
ing, you never see farmers stand- 
ing in line to get bread and milk. 
It isn't so bad after all. 

Some such ideas as the above 
are likely streaking through the 
minds of lots of people these days. 
Many are beginning to think that 

even though farmers don't get the 
highest wages when things are 
booming, still after all is said and 
done it isn't so bad. You don't 
starve, you're your own boss, 
you're in business for yourself, etc. 
And poultry farming appeals to a 
lot of people because of many 
advantages over general farming. 
Lots of people with a little money 
saved up but out of work are be- 
ginning to think that poultry 
farming where you can make a 
decent living is a pretty good life, 
even though it provides no chance? 
to get rich. How many of us ever 
get rich anyhow? But what does it 
cost? Have I got enough to get 
started? How much can I make? 
There are some of the questions 
people want to know and we're 
going to try and help answer some 
of them in a more or less general 

How many chickens are neces- 
sary? This is a question a man 

a m 



CI] m 





I 3 


>Y A R D 

A/r /J / A/ 

/e o ^ £> 

Proposed plan of a 2000 hen poultry farm of from 10 to 15 acres. (1) Dwelling 
House, (2) Oarage, Shop, Service and Market Room, (S) (4) Feed Room and 

Laying House, (5) Brooder Houses. 


asked me the other day who was 
thinking of going into the poultry 
business after having been out of 
work for seven months. Well this 
will depend some on your ideas of 
what a good living consists of. One 
man with good equipment and if a 
good worker can take care of from 
1500 to 2000 birds with some help 
from the family possibly during 
the brooding season. A lazy inefQ- 
cient man can't, but a hustler with 
some ideas on labor saving can. 

With this many birds a labor 
income, which means the profit 
after all expenses except labor, 
over a period of years of from 
^1500 to $2500 should be reasonab- 
ly expected. It will run higher 
some years than others and will 
vary greatly with different in- 
dividuals according to their abil- 
ity. I have placed this amount at 
a conservative figure and it can. 
no doubt, be exceeded by good 
poultrymen. I am not going to 
paint a rosy picture with the idea 
of making people believe they can 
succeed in the poultry business 
after everything else fails. And 
make no mistakes about it, brains 
are required and rewarded the 
same as in every other under- 

Type Of Business 

I think by all odds the beginner 
should stick strictly to the com- 
mercial side of the business. Many 
beginners think they should im- 
mediately jump into the breeding 
business and make a lot of easy 
money. This is where "the colored 
boy was concealed" for a lot of 
people who have failed in the past. 
Breeding is the last phase of the 
poultry business that should be 
undertaken. It requires extra 
capital, special knowledge of poul- 
try breeding not had by most 
beginners, salesmanship ability 
which about only^ne in a hundred 
have, and the stiffest kind of com- 
petition. The combination of poul- 
try breeder and good salesman is a 
rare combination and this is what 
is required for a successful and 
profitable breeding farm. After the 
Please turn to page 181 

A Challenge To The March Of Time 


The pedigree breeder is 
in pace with the modem 
trend in that his output 
is of greater commercial 
value and is produced 
by fewer units. 

THE grind of machines, the 
spell of power, the keynote 
of the 20th century; where 
100 men once labored by hand to 
accomplish a given purpose, we 
find one huge gigantic machine. 
Operations that required thous- 
ands of square feet of floor space 
have been replaced by small units. 
It's all in a day's run, part of the 
world we live in. So too, the wide 
awake business man of today real- 
izes that whatever his chosen 
occupation may be, he must be 
governed by these signals, and to 
exist he must find ways and means 
of accomplishing a greater output. 
in a given area, with a minimum 
of labor. 

The "Pedigreer" 

In poultry culture our machine 
of today is that thorough, prac- 
tical and precise method of im 
provement, that delicate instru 
ment, the "Pedigreer". By its 
practical use and application can 
we hope to cope with the advance 
of the present decade and increase 
our output, our i)roduction. Not 
that we intend to create Universal 
Robots that may turn on us and 
destroy our purpose. We are not 
attempting to create an egg laying 
machine; no, that is beyond 
human power. But what is re 
quired of us is that we aid, and by 
applying human intelligence, im 
prove on nature. Be in a position 
to distinguish those few superior 
birds and build our future families 
along these lines. We must know 
the good from the bad, weed out 
and make extinct the poor speci- 

In the building of this instrn- 

Some equipment used in "The March of Time." An egfj assorting cahinet in use 
in the pedigree operations at Edgewater Farm,^. A'eic Paltz, Aeir York, 

ment, there are many intricate 
steps, but like every other tech 
nical machine the job must be 
thoroughly done, the parts cor 
rectly and scientifically fitted to 
comprise the whole. Our first step 
is the trapnesting of a few chosen 
individuals. We must trapnest 
these pullets to ascertain not only 
their cycle and production, but 
also their quality, their body con 
formation, their freedom from dis 
qualifications, egg weights, shell 
color and texture, always bearing 
in mind our definite goal, our 
ideal bird, that quality and gen- 
eral appearance we are striving 
for. We set our mark and must 
hold true, adhering definitely to 
our aim. Although a bird be a high 
producer of standard size eggs and 
possess many qualifications, if we 
find one fault in her make up. we 
must be strong enough to discard 
her as a future breeder. This is 
the first step in our pedigreeing 


Assume we have a groTip of 
birds that have qualified as 
breeders, and have individually 
mated them with a thorough-bred 


cockerel. We then continue to trap 
their eggs while in the breeding 
pen; each egg must be marked 
with the cockerel or pen number, 
the hen number and the date laid, 
so as to be readily identified. 
These eggs are segregated daily 
throughout the holding period; 
usually of seven day duration. 

Prior to loading trays an incu- 
bation record chart must be pre- 
pared. The following information 
would be required on this chart; 
dam's number, sire's number, dis- 
posal of egg, disposal of bird, 
chick band number, and an egg 
setting number arranged in num- 
erical order. We would then pro- 
ceed to load our trays, taking all 
of each hens eggs in a set and re- 
numbering them in numerical 
order to correspond to the egg 
number which appears on our in- 
cubation record. This would act as 
a further check and make these 
eggs thereafter more readily iden- 
tified. In loading these trays we 
would have each hens eggs appear 

After the 18th day of incuba- 
tion, upon testing these eggs we 
would again refer to our incuba- 
Please turn to page 183 

Is Your Breeding Practice Sound? 


Here is a vital question 

always in order^ never 

more important than at 

this time* 

SO many of the questions 
which come to me from 
readers of this magazine 
about their troubles in jirowinp 
chickens and keeping hens laying 
thronjjh the Ion*; period necessary 
to make them profitable relate to 
cases where the stock seems to be 
at fault, that T recently spent sev- 
eral days looking: into the problem 
from two different angles. 

First, T reviewed mentally the 
cases of good stock gone wrong 
which I have personally seen, or 
have had enough information 
about to feel sure of the cause of 
trouble. This led to the conclusion 
that the root of the trouble was in 
bree<ling practice which did not 
properly apply the second of the 
two fundamental rules given and 
briefly explained in our January 

Next, I examined all the general 
works on poultry keeping now in 
common use to see what instruc- 
tion they give on this point, doing 
this on the assumption that text 
books reflect the prevailing views 
of instructors and lecturers. This 
investigation showed that the rule 
above referred t(» has not been 
stressed in any general text 
brought out since 1018. and in 
most of them is not even men- 
tioned. Hence it would appear 
that this rule or principle has been 
taught only in two of the oldest 
general texts, in two special 
treatises on breeding, and in 
articles on the subject in poultry 

Typical Examples 

Some 10 years ago the breeder 
of a then famous strain of great 
layers, whom I had recently 
visited, wrote me a letter asking 
whether in my opinion the stock 

had "Standard quality" in a 
measure creditable to it and to 
him. if he put it on exhibition at 
a poultry show. In conclusion hv 
said. '*lf it isn't 'Standard', what 
would you call it?'' The founda- 
tion of that strain was stock 
which T had known all through its 
development from a farm flock to 
the front rank in Standard stock 
of its kind. Many production 
breeders had used it and kept 
pretty good Standard «|uality. 
This breeder had bred for number 
of eggs without regard to anything 
else. I replied to the effect thai T 
thought it would be ill-advised to 
show it, and that I would call it 
"de-Standardized'' stock of its 

A few vears later when the 
demand for Standard quality in 
production stocks was becoming 
quite strong, a leading breeder of 
another variety complained to me 
that his stock, originally from a 
])roduction breeder who had taken 
some pains to preserve Standard 
quality, was getting noticeably 
]K>orer in looks, and he had no idea 
how to ju'event or correct it. This 
was a strain with which I was not 
acquainted during its develop- 
ment : that is I knew of it from 
soon after the originator began 
his work, but never saw a bird 
known to be of that strain until 
about 15 years later. This and tin 
first case relate to strains of 
dilTerent popular breeds. 

The third case I will mention i> 
of a breed of aiif)tlier class an«l of 
limited popularity. The original 
stock was an old ''utility strain'" 
bred by its originator from some 
time in the earlv nineties until 


about V,y2'). The stock to which 1 
now refer was bought from him 
about 1920. After building up a 
large stock and doing a very good 
l)usiness for some vears the 
breeder began to have trouble with 
it and finally cleaned it all out 
and started anew. lie never men 
tioned his troubles to me: but on 
one occasion when I asked him 
about the origin of his stock told 
me that it was from a foundation 


(Top) S. C. Whilt l.'(}horn Cockerel. 
fC«'»frr) Rhoilr Ishnid Ifrtl PuUei. 
(Bottom) Banrtt Phiuiouttx Fork Pul- 
let. These birdx icere first prize irinnerf 
in big cfnuftex in an raxtern jtrntlurfinn 
shotr. Theii iVuxtrntr the furf tlxit n 
U'cll bred itroditrtion tmte t>ird ix nt th*- 
same time a beautiful, refined t]tp* 

bought of the breeder pn'viously 
referred to in this paragraph and 
since "line bi'ed to the best of my 
innlerstanding of line-bnHHling.'" 

Fundamental Rule 

Consideration of the malterf* 
stated above suggests the desir 
ability of stating the two funda 
mental principles of bree<iing, not 
as two distinct rules, but as th** 
complementary parts of one prac 
tical rule. Headers who will refer 
to the January number (page 16 ► 
Please turn to page 192 

♦ "^ » i^**^ ♦ 

*■ '*^Xj>y < **' ♦ 

Everybodys News Pictorial 

The two interesting children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Oh»s A Ream, owneri of the Penna. Poultry 
Farm Lancaster, Pa., are undoubtedly poultry 
mindid as are both their dad and mother, other 
wiae why would they at so youthful an age be 
peruiing » Ute copy of EVERYBODYS. 

Showing an installaUon of individual hen batteries located on the 
Overbrook Farm, Lawrence, Ind. This plant is owned by Walter C. 
Marmon, president of the Marmon Motor Car Co. This feature of the 
farm is only a part of a large and modem breeding plant. Cai't. 
Nickerson, supenntendftnt of this breeding establishment is shown 
ineiiecting individual specimens. (Jourtesy of Milton H. Arndt. 

The Egg and Apfle Farm is located in the beautiful finger 
lake region, overlooking Cayuga Lake at Trumansburg. N. 
Y. Is it anv wonder that one deUghts to visit a farm like 
this I Picture shows cockerels on a 25 acre alfalfa range. 

H C Helm, owner of the Illinois Hatchery, MetroTX)li*, 

111 is very proud of the above hen which eetablished an 

official record of 313 eggs— this for the reason she is of 

his own breeding. 


rioa BIX >r» ^ u .^ ^^^ d